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The Gmi el Messenger 


Vol. 44. 

Elgin, III., January 7, 1905. 

No. l. 


Editorial, — 

A Look into 1905, 8 

Our Relation to Others Engaged in Good Works,.. 9 

Home Mottoes, 9 

The Episcopal Church and Divorce, 10 

Those Big Dinners 10 

. Essays, — 

Homely Homiletic Hints. — No. 4. By W. J. Swi- 

gart, 2 

A New Year's Letter. By A. C. Wieand, 2 

In a Syrian Home. By Nora E. Berkebile 3 

Now. By L. C. Hosfeldt 3 

New Testament Ordinances. By A. G. Cross- 
white, 4 

War and Retaliation. By S. Z. Sharp 4 

Church Name. By S. M. Eby 5 

Favor Brethren (Dunkard) Church. By H. H. 

Brallier, 5 

Five Minute Sermons. By Howard Miller, 6 

Attention! By Walter M. Kahle, 6 

The New Year Pastoral. By W. K. Roop 6 

Home and Family, — 

The Balanced Rock 7 

Our Sewing Society. By Myrtle Niswonger, 7 

The Aid Society at New Carlisle. Ohio. By Grace 
E. Wine 7 

General Missionary and Tract Department, — 

A City's Need, 11 

The Spiritual Poverty of Islam, 11 

Bible Prohibition in Turkey. 11 


C It is said that the farmers and merchants through- 
out the cotton-producing states have entered into an 
agreement to burn at least two million bales of cotton, 
rather than to see the price go further down, because 
of a surplus of the commodity." More cotton was 
raised in the South last year than probaiily ever before 
known in the country. The price has dropped so low 
that the people think it is not profitable to raise cotton 
at these figtires, and so, in order to keep the price from 
going still lower, they decided to destroy, on their 
own plantations, about seventy million dollars worth 
of the cotton of their own raising. This will be an 
immense loss of money to their own country, and 
shows a strange way of attempting to keep up the 
price of the most important product of their fertile 
lands. The cotton industry is being so extensively de- 
veloped in many parts of the world that it will be very 
difficult to keep up the price under any circumstances. 
It is one of the best crops of the South and it will be 
unfortunate indeed for the southern people, should 
the price become so exceedingly low that the}' cannot 
afford to cultivate it for the market, as they have been 
doing for generations. 

j. It looks as though the United States may have to 
• take the Venezuela matter in hand. It will be remem- 
i Sered that a year ago some of the European govern- 
. _'nts found it necessary, as they thought, to send 
•me of their war vessels to Venezuela to enforce 
i' e payments of certain debts. For a time mat- 
■•■ .crs became somewhat serious. Finally the dis- 
putes between Venezuela and the European gov- 
ernments were arbitrated and the amount deter- 
mined upon, which the governments were to re- 
ceive. Now Venezuela refuses to pay these debts 
and the United States has been asked to collect the 
amount. This is done on account of what is known 
as the Monroe Doctrine. It is thought that if our 
government will not permit European governments 
to seize and hold territory on the western conti- 
nent even for debts, she must see to it that Venezuela 
says her honest debts. What will be the outcome 
-annot yet be determined, but the United States will 
iave her hands full if she undertakes to compel Ven- 
ezuela to act anything l :, -° decent. Probably there 
s no section of South America where the government 

authority is more abused than in Venezuela. Nature 
has done much for the country. The soil is rich ; the 
climate, in most places, ideal; minerals in great quan- 
tities abound ; there are vast areas of fine timber, and 
most charming scenery. It is indeed unfortunate that 
a country so highly favored should be so poorly gov- 
erned, and be brought into had repute by those in 
high places. 

/^One day last week the anniversary of the Iroquois 
disaster was observed in Chicago. Meetings were held 
at different points, but the theater itself was closed, 
out of respect to the wishes of those who had suffered 
the loss of friends and relatives by the fire which oc- 
curred one year ago. The meeting held in Willard 
hall was a very sad affair. There were about six 
hundred mourners present. They came together to 
pray and mourn over their losses of the year previous. 
It is said that they wept together and some of them 
embraced each other, showing their deep-seated sor- 
row. Not a few visited the cemeteries and took a look 
at the graves where their loved ones bad been laid to 
rest. It will be a long time before the people of Chi- 
cago will cease to remember the sad day when the 
playhouse was destroyed and several hundred persons 
lost their lives. It is still more sad to think that peo- 
ple should meet death in a place like this. It is said 
that scores of those who were burned belonged to 
some of the churches, and that several ministers of 
good standing were burned to death in the theater. 
It occurs to us that if these ministers would have been 
" about their Father's business," they would not have 
#been ovei^.ken by a calamity c* f this sort. Ik is no dis- 
credit if death, by accident, overtakes a minister, while 
it is sad to think that a preacher of the Gospel must go 
from a playhouse to the judgment bar of God, to 
answer for his life's labors upon the earth. 

Morocco is a section of country in the northwest- 
ern part of Africa. It lies directly south of the Strait 
of Gibraltar and is inhabited by uncivilized tribes 
of people, numbering several millions. The country 
is under the control of France. Just now the situa- 
tion in Morocco is exceedingly serious. Forces are 
forming in the interior and the lives and property 
of the foreigners are threatened on every hand. Most 
of the missionaries will probably have to leave their 
stations in order to avoid being massacred. It has 
been with considerable difficulty that peace has been 
maintained, even this long. A regular outbreak 
against the foreigners seems almost inevitable. Pos- 
sibly France will have to enter with strong forces. If 
it does become necessary for France to enter the 
country with her armies, she will likely so complete- 
ly subjugate the inhabitants as to leave few chances 
for similar outbreaks in the future, but to accomplish 
this will require a long and bloody struggle. The 
natives are fierce fighters and are fairly well armed 
and understand most thoroughly the hiding places in 
their own rough country. It is to be hoped that the 
conflict can, in some way, be avoided, but it will re- 
quire years of most careful work, upon the part of 
the missionaries and others, to bring the country to the 
condition when the life and property of foreigners 
will be anything like safe in Morocco. 

Pastor Charles Wagner, author of the book 
known as " The Simple Life " has completed his visit 
to this country. His home is in Paris. Years ago 
he commenced his pastoral work with a small church 
in Paris. His preaching was along the lines of sim- 
ple living. He wove into his discussion everything 
practicable, relating to the simplicity of the Gospel, 
and the simplicity that should characterize the lives of 

devout and successful men and women. It was not 
long until his church was crowded, and larger quar- 
ters had to be provided. He then wrote his little 
book, " The Simple Life," which is being read near- 
ly all over the world. In this work he brings out 
his best ideas concerning the common life which 
even well-to-do people may live. He visited the 
United States; spent several weeks in going from 
point to point, and was greatly pleased with what 
he found in this country. He saw more here 
that is in harmony with his ideas, than what 
he experiences in France. While Mr. Wagner has 
some excellent ideas regarding the simple life, still 
the simplicity of the Gospel will, perhaps, reach fur- 
ther than what even Mr. Wagner himself sets forth 
in his most excellent little book. Whenever the peo- 
ple get down to the real study of this simple life, as 
they should, they arc going to find a much better way 
of living than what is found in most sections of this 
or any other country. 

The internal-combustion engine has been used, but 
only for stationary engine work. Now one is being 
built for the Southern Pacific railroad, and if it proves 
successful it will revolutionize our systems of traffic. 
The Literary Digest says that in previous attempts 
along this line steam engines have been used ; but in the 
present attempt a new departure is made by employing 
the non-explosive type of internal-combustion motor. 
The new locomotive is firelcss, smokeless, and water- 
less. It needs no coal, it drops no ashes, and it throws 
no sparks or cinders. Its builders say it would be 
able, provided a clear track could be obtained, to haul 
a 2,000-ton train from New York to San Francisco 
without a single stop. There would be no need of 
delays for fuel or water, for the locomotive can carry 
enough fuel for the journey of 3000 miles, and it needs 
no water for steam. The only fuel used is the crude 
oil that costs from three to five cents a gallon. Petro- 
leum or any kind of crude oil can be employed. The 
cost per horsepower hour is said to be less than half 
that for steam. All that is needed now is a practical 

An interesting inscription, made upon a sun-baked 
brick some 2,700 years ago, by order of Shalmaneser 
11., King of Assyria, has just been translated into Eng- 
lish by Prof. Charles C. Torrey of Yale University. 
The inscription is a short eulogy of the king and his fa- 
ther, and mentions the " building of the tower of Ca- 
lah," now universally regarded as being the prison 
house of the children of Israel, when taken captive by 
the Assyrians. The inscription confirms the Bible ac- 
count of the sad scenes in Israel's days of mourning, 
and is but another evidence that God's Word is true. 
When man is determined to follow his own inclina- 
tions, the result will be the same as in the history of 
Israel, — defeat and bondage. 

After a siege of over six months Port Arthur has 
fallen. The fighting ceased last Sunday evening, Jan. 
1. The next day terms of surrender were agreed 
upon, and now the stronghold — probably the best for- 
tified place in the world — is in the hand of the Jap- 
anese. The Russians blew up their magazines and 
destroyed all the warships in the harbor. Their am- 
munition is reported to have been completely exhausted, 
and 18,000 wounded soldiers are now in the hospitals. 
The siege probably cost the Japanese 80,000 men. At 
any rate it goes down in history as one of the most 
bloody sieges of modern times. Since the fall of 
Port Arthur there are rumors of peace in the air, and 
it is to be fondly hoped that there may be some founda- 
tion for the report. 



Y „.„ r,od » nikni that iurf««> ■><>• •* 


Come, let us use the grace divine, 

And all, with one accord, 
In a perpetual covenant join 

Ourselves to Christ the Lord. 
Give up ourselves, through Jesus' power, 

His name to glorify; 
And promise, in this sacred hour, 

For God to live and die. 
The covenant wc this moment make 

Be ever kept in mind; 
We will no more our God forsake. 

Or cast his words behind. 
To each the covenant blood apply, 

Which takes our sins away; 
And register our names on high. 

And keep us to that day. _ chMlffl Wesley . 



Part One.— The Dead Line. 
After one's existence is assured, that is after birth. 
there are three stages in one's life-growth, matur, y, 
decline. True, the limits of these stages are no def- 
initely measured and marked, so that one may know 
exactly where or when the hues are crossed from one 
to the other. ■ " The dead line " is a term that has been 
applied to the limit between the stages of maturity and 
decline in the working energies of any one. General- 
ly speaking, it is applied to persons who are engaged m 
literary pursuits, and more specifically to those who 
speak It is the line of demarcation between progress 
and retrogression ; between growth and decline. If the 
life consists of three stages-growth, maturity and 
decline -one must allow that the maturity stage or 
that between grow* and decline, is not a point or hue 
in the life's history, but a period in which the powers 
are in a measure at least, maintained; in which waste 
and repair are equalized; and the dead line is then 
placed as the hither limit of the decline stage. 

Is this a reality? Or is it only a myth? Is there 
a line beyond which a man must consider himself a 
nonentity-a dead man? If so, what or who estab- 
lishes the standard? Who determines this? Who 
is to decide when this superannuation or shelving 
ou=lit to be accomplished? The speaker himself or 
those to whom he ministers? Right here is one of the 
difficulties. If the people are the first to make the 
discovery, it is a delicate and often a difficult task to 
brin<r the fact to the knowledge of the preacher ; and 
when once brought to his knowledge he may not be 
willing to acquiesce in the opinion. In some instances 
people who would have once stood dazed and confused 
at the thought of losing their preacher in the day of 
his power and energy, now stand dazed and confused 
to know what to do with him when, according to their 
judgment, he has lived too far beyond the day of his 
power and energy to be tolerated. It is a scene of 
pathetic sadness. It is sad even to think of the possi- 
bility of living beyond the period of usefulness— and 
not know it. It' is sad to think of being in the road 

Men of power, men of genius generally work hard. 
Indeed, some sav genius is only another name for 
hard work. Probably I should say that men of genius, 
or in other words, useful men, are hard worked, and 
in' consequence, wear out. Men who have worked 
hard and earnestly do not like to think of wearing out. 
Yet this must be. The powers must fail. The body 
must finally yield. The mental energies go with it. 
" Lo ! all grow old and die." " Once a man and twice 
a child." And only a few of those who live long 
enough are exempt from this second childhood. In- 
firmity is the penalty most men must pay for length 
of days in the land of the living. Not many could 
come to 120 years " with the eye undimmed and the 
energy unabated," as was said of Moses. 

I believe as a rule when a man thinks he may be 
beyond his usefulness, or fears its approach, it may 
be accepted as evidence that he has not yet reached it. 
Like the unpardonable sin, as long as one ears he may 
have committed it ;-i. is evidence, prima facie, that he 
has not yet entered into its hopeless shadow But a 
preacher or a teacher who has reached the dead hue and 
does not know it, is awfully hard to convince of the 
fact And it is an awful painful task to undertake to 
convince him ; for the eye, by nature, is not constructed 
to behold itself. And, while the mind can see the 
foibles and incapacities of another's failing mind it is 
incapable, in many cases, of beholding its own. Some- 
times when the powers of mind fail there comes an 
almost peevish personality that works out m ]ealousy 
of place and position, and construes any attempt to 
furnish help or make a change as a personal aftron 
and designing scheme to supplant; which is painful 
to behold and sometimes disastrous in its effects. A 
forceful illustration of this fact is before the world 
at the present time in the petty jealousies in regard to 
the Red Cross nurses, on the part of the world-known, 
and once world-honored Clara Barton. It might bring 
a flash-thought of desire into the mind of a worker 
to die in the midst of the battle, in the height of his 
powers before decadence sets in, like Frances W.llard 
or President McKinley or James Quinter. If I could 
choose in the matter, I would rather drop in my tracks 
than live to be querulous and childish and jealous and 
suspicious of those who come after; and hold on to 
place to the detriment of the cause. 

This leads me to say that it might be expedient to 
have an age limit for preachers. This would afford 
the opportunity of a change without possible friction 
or trouble. In the old priesthood in Jewry the priest 
was exempt from further service at fifty. Leastwise 
a minister should voluntarily go into superannuation 
before he comes into dotage. It is recommended that 
merchants and other laboring men retire from business 
before their health fails. So should the preacher be- 
fore his powers fail if he can do so. 

In this a~e of hustle and hurry, of doing two or 
three days' work in one, or of one man doing the work 
of two or three, we must expect to wear out sooner. 
This double service— doing several things at once 
—is hard on the nervous system. Besides this, it is a 
fact I think, that young blood and energy are more de- 
manded on the forum than elsewhere. People seek 
age and experience in the lawyer and physician, but 
they want the young, hot blood, the fiery vigor of youth 
in the preacher and in the teacher. Hence in these 
professions there must be more vigor, eagle-renewing 
of strength to prevent superannuation by those who 
occupy these places. A leading editorial in the Phila- 
delphia Ledger, after the meeting of a Philadelphia 
Conference of the M. E. church, called vigorous and 
protesting attention to the tendency to crowd the old 
preachers out by the demands of the people for the 
younger men. 

On the other hand, many a man thinks he has 
reached the limit of his power when in fact there is 
nothing of the kind. 

There may be oversensitiveness on this point— born 
possibly of a nervous temperament, or of a discouraged 
pride; or of laziness for that matter; or the disposi- 
tion to shirk responsibility ; or because the work grows 
irksome The one great essential of all great and 
successful men, as well as preachers in particular, is 
growth. We must recognize the organic principles in 
mentality. " Is he a growing man ? " was asked of me 
concerning a certain man who was occupying a large 
place in the educational world; by which he meant, 
Is there development, or evolution, if you please, in 
his mental capabilities? The preacher must keep up 
with work, and keep working up to his work. This is 
an important condition to meet the additional demands 
that come, to make one equal to the larger places that 
open. Some persons show well through the in- 
florescent period of their lives, and till the green fruit 
is formed, and then their development ceases. Others 
mature too soon. They " go to seed " young, and are 
heard of no more. This is apparent in school life. 

Students promise well, make a big commencement 
splurge and are never heard of afterward. There are 
not a few people who do the biggest and greatest 
thing of their lives in their commencement speech. I 
never could look with favor on precociousness. A 
precocious child it too often a stupid man— unless he 
is too " smart " to live, and dies before stupidity is 
reached. There are preachers who do well for a short 
time, who promise well, who make a few good efforts, 
preach a few good sermons. But they lack the studi- 
ousness and pluck to keep it up. A preacher must be 
a growing man.— a man who can keep his growth as 
long as he lives, or as long as he is in the work, or he 
must cross the dead line into decline. 

Preaching, to begin with, must be the result of in- 
dependent and original thinking. Knowledge and 
learning are not sufficient. Stilted scholasticism and 
and check-reined learnedness are the death microbes 
of many a pulpiter. Platitudes and other men's say- 
ings won't make acceptable sermons. The flock of 
God will not flourish on such feeding. 

Huntingdon. Pa. 


My dear Sunday-school Teachers: 

With the new year the Sunday-school lessons begin 
with the Gospel of John, and continue there for six 
months, until the last of June. It is a splendid oppor- 
tunity both for you and for your pupils to master this 
perhaps the best of all the books of the Bible. Some- 
one has called the Gospel of John the heart of the heart 
of the Bible. And it is to be hoped no Sunday-school 
teacher will miss this golden opportunity of himself 
getting closer to the heart of God, and of leading his 
pupils there too. 

The only real way to master a Sunday-school les- 
son is to begin not later than Sunday evening or at 
least Monday morning. Every true Christian who is 
really going to keep his heart in tune, his face clean, 
his hands gentle, and his feet true must have an hour 
or at least half an hour to keep " the morning watch 
alone with God. I have my doubts whether any one 
' can live right and keep moment by moment in touch 
with God and be continuously victorious over the cor- 
roding cares and insidious temptations of Satan, who 
does not daily " see the face of God before he sees 
the face of any man," speak to him in prayer, winning 
there the daily bread and strength and wisdom, and let 
God speak to him through his Word. There ought 
at least to be no Sunday-school teacher who does not 
have such a daily appointment to have a heart to heart 
talk with God. 

Now then the word I wish to say in the ear of every 
really earnest teacher is, begin on Monday morning 
with the daily readings suggested by the quarterly 
and take at the very least thirty minutes each day at 
the time when your mind is brightest for studying and 
meditating and feeding on these portions of Gods 
Word It ought also to be much more common tor 
the whole family to follow these daily readings on the 
Sunday-school lessons at family worship, to meditate 
on them and talk them over in an earnest, interested, 
unhurried way. 

Now if you will do this and thus daily study the 
lessons, by the end of the week you will be so full 
of the lesson and so fed by it and so enthusiastic over 
it that your pupils will be interested as never before, 
and they will wonder what has happened to their 
teacher, and they will think that the Gospel of John 
is the very best and most interesting book in the Bible. 
W they will get such an impetus and enthusiasm for 
Bible study as will follow them all through life. Fur- 
thermore, by the grace and wisdom and power of God 
you should be able to lead most of the members of 
your class into a definite, faithful and consecrated life 
in the Christ about whom all these lessons are, and 
of whom if you teach aright your pupils will catch 
entirely new visions such as they never dreamed of. 
The Gospel of John, you know, was written to show 
that Jesus was the Messiah or Christ promised in the 
Old Testament, the Savior of the world, the very Son 
of God, and that whosoever believes this should have 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 7, 1905. 

life eternal through him. The author himself declares 
this to he his purpose in writing his book. If you 
have never thought of it before, get your Bible, turn 
to chapter twenty and read verses thirty and thirty-one. 
Now if this is why John wrote his book, you and I 
ought to study it to find out the proofs of the divinity 
of Christ that convinced the apostle John, and then 
seeing them clearly ourselves we should teach this 
Gospel so as to bring deep, intelligent, unshakable con- 
viction on this point to every member of our classes, 
and so overwhelm them with this faith in him that 
they will receive him and live the life through his name. 
Another thing we ought to do in all fairly well 
advanced classes is to give them a mastery of the con- 
tents of the whole book in these six months. Don't 
teach the lessons or the quarterly, but the book of 
John. Use your Bible in class: the quarterly and 
commentary are just to help you study and not to 
recite off of. If you can't get Bibles and Testaments 
for every one, get the little two or three-cent editions 
of the Gospel of John and use them. 

And don't confine yourself to the few verses picked 
out for each lesson, but use all the verses in the Gos- 
pel in your teaching, dividing them up rightly between 
the different lessons. If you want the really best help 
to do this, get the Brethren Lesson Commentary from 
the Messenger office. And if you will follow this 
plan for these six months your pupils will get such 
a grip on the Gospel of John as they can never forget. 
The primary teachers, however, will find these les- 
sons rather difficult, no doubt. Still, there is a way 
even for them, and that is by observing the following 
two points : First, make much of the story side of the 
lessons. See to it that you make these so graphic 
and lifelike that the children can just see things hap- 
pen and will really live them all over again. In the sec- 
ond place, it will be your business to find out for your- 
self exactly what the heart of each lesson, or its central 
thought or message, is, and then to select various other 
Bible stories to illustrate this truth and make it graphic 
and interesting and carry it home ; and then finally to 
select the right memory verses that sum up and give 
sententious and striking expression to the same truth 
so that it can be remembered in the very words of 
Scripture and stored up for the coming years. May 
the Lord himself bless you richly every one in this 
teaching to give new visions of him as Lord and 
Teacher, and may the Holy Spirit bear his witness 
to every word spoken in Christ's name. 

Affectionately yours in Christ. 

Albert C. Wieand. 
Bible Teachers Training School, New York City. 
Dec. 18. 



We rode into Shechem, forty-five miles north of 
Jerusalem, about four o'clock in the afternoon and 
stopped at a convent or hospice where we were expect- 
ed to stay until morning. The monk in charge seemed 
quite friendly and had our rooms assigned us in short 
order. When the guide came up and wanted to settle 
on the price of lodging for the night the man in charge 
wanted to put the price up to double the usual rate 
and our man would not pay it. The monk, in the 
absence of the father superior, had expected to make 
a nice little sum for himself ; but he failed to do so, 
for the guide said we would leave. He took us up 
a few narrow streets through doorways, up steps, and 
then through some more streets." On the way he told 
us he was taking us to his cousin's house. After quite 
a long walk we came to a large house and a man met 
us at the door. The building was a kind of a square 
stone structure and looked better than the other houses 
near it. 

We entered through a doorway into a room which 
seemed to be used as a place for fuel, tools, etc. 
From here we were taken up a long flight of stairs 
and finally ushered into an upper court which was 
paved with stone. Off from this there were four or 
uld have five ^^ j^ng i ntG different rooms. The large 

room which seemed to be the family drawing room 
extended south from the court. 

All around the sides of this was built a stone or 
cement seat. Cushions in great numbers are used on 
this or else to lay on the floor against it. The walls 
were white and the ceiling was dome-shaped. I think 
the top of it must have extended up on the outside 
like the dome of a Turkish mosque. 

When we went into this room the old grandmother 
was sitting on the floor by the cradle taking care of 
several babies. There seemed to be no chairs, tables, 
or anything of this kind in the room. There was a 
large rug on the stone floor and a few cheap pictures 
on the wall. 

They then showed us a room we were to occupy 
during the night. This had the same dome-shaped 
ceiling as the court and had two large windows, one 
to the north and the other to the cast. It also had 
the same kind of seat around two sides as the other 
room had. Red plush cushions were scattered on this 
and the floor. The brass bedstead stood in one corner. 
Usually there are two small beds in each room, but 
this had in- it one large bed. In this country the bed- 
steads are much higher and there is a framework to 
support the bobbinet curtains which drape the beds. 
The purpose of these curtains is to keep out mosqui- 
toes and flies. They improve the looks of a bed very 
much, yet in a cool country where these pests are not 
so bad it is much better, because of ventilation, to have 
beds free from canopies. 

There were a dresser and several chairs here, and 
this constituted the furniture of the room. There was 
a rug on the floor and everything seemed quite clean 
and nice. The- windows had iron bars and wooden 
blinds or shutters to protect them. 

The other rooms were similar to this one. The 
cooking seemed to be all done in the court. Clay 
stoves about like an eight or twelve inch tile with a 
bottom in it is what they use to cook on. There is 
an opening in the side of the stove and there is a kind 
of partition or rather an upper floor with five or six 
holes in -it about the middle of the tile. They usually 
buy their bread at the bakers. This is a brown, rather 
sour, heavy bread, or else it is the flat pancake bread 
nearly always used by the Beduins. This is made by 
taking the dough and pulling or pounding it flat until 
it is about the thickness of a buckwheat cake' and then 
letting it dry on a sheet-iron pan. They keep it flop- 
ping from one side to the other until it is done. It 
looks like an immense pancake. When I first saw it 
on sale, along the railroad I thought it must be a piece 
of parchment. There is also a cake used by many of 
these people. It is covered with seeds and is about 
three times as large around as the largest round dough- 
nuts. These are often hung on strings or pegs and 
sold on the street. 

The government has issued an order for most of 
the hotels to keep the bread like the Germans bake 
and like we use at home. 

Onions, egg plant, squash, carrots, fine radishes, 
potatoes, etc., are used by the people. Mutton and 
chicken are the meats commonly used. 

The family in this home consisted of the father, 
mother, two married sons, their wives and children, 
two single daughters and one unmarried son. The 
two married sons are silversmiths by trade. The eld- 
est son's wife is a very beautiful and kind lady and 
she, as well as the rest of the family, tried to make 
us very comfortable and to feel at home. 

From all appearances they get along very nicely to- 
o-ether. They like bright colors and all the jewelry 
they can get. Long earrings, many bracelets, and 
very, very many rings are worn. It looks rather queer 
to see the girls go around with their hair disheveled 
and in bare feet and then a lot of jewelry loading down 
their persons. 

For dress occasions they, in the better homes, wear 
very pretty slippers; but usually they wear sandals 
which have a block under the heel and toe and thus 
keep the sole about an inch or two from the floor ; these 
arc tied or strapped on the foot. Some of the sandals 
are just wooden soles with the strap on them at the 

toe. These are sometimes inlaid with mother of pearl. 
The ladies seemed quite anxious to talk to me and I 
desired very much to speak to them. I talked in my 
language and they in theirs and we all laughed to- 
gether with the laugh that everyone understands. 
When the interpreter came we had a very nice visit. 

When dinner time came they prepared a very nice 
meal of meat, egg plant, potatoes, etc., which we ate 
and enjoyed. Our table was about a foot high and we 
sat around it on cushions. After dinner they served 
Turkish coffee. This is made by grinding the coffee 
un il it is fine and smooth like flour. It is then boiled, 
sugar being added while it is boiling. One teaspoon- 
ful of this finely ground stuff is used for each cup 
which is about as large as the tiny little mugs seen 
in some of the stores at home. They hold about as 
much as the fifth of one of our teacups. When I 
must drink it I wish they held still less. 

We staid one day and two nights here and I felt 
sorry to say good-by to the people. They bad been 
so kind to us and wished us well as we departed. The 
ladies gave me the French salutation — a kiss on each 
cheek — and followed us to the door. The man went 
with us to see us out of town. Wc have been much 
impressed by the kindness and hospitality of many of 
the people here. It is the Moslems of the country that 
spoil it. They beg to be paid for every little deed 
of kindness and often when they should do the paying 
because of the bother they make. 
Jerusalem, Syria. 


The allotted time of man's life is threescore years 
and ten. There are three hundred and sixty-five days 
m a year, twenty-four hours in a day, sixty minutes 
in an hour, sixty seconds in a minute. Thus we 
measure time. A life of seventy years is a long one. 
The length of a second of time is very short. The 
greater part of each man's life is either in the past or 
it is in the future. A score of years may have passed, 
twoscore more may come, or twoscore may be past, 
and one to come. Whether the days that have passed 
are few or many, or whether those yet to come are 
many or few, it matters not so much. 

Whether a man be young, middle-aged, or old, the 
time he has lived is his no more, and the time which 
is yet to come for him will not be his, except as it 
comes to him in that shortest period of time which wc 
call " Now." As seventy years are made of seconds, 
so life is made of " now." From the small comes the 
great. Eternity rests upon the second. By our acts 
of " now " we shape our destiny. 

The opportunities of last year, last month, last 
week, yesterday, this morning, and an hour ago, have 
gone forever. They have gone beyond recall. If we 
failed to make the best of them, we cannot remedy the 

We know not what days to come will bring. We 
must wait until the day, before wc can obtain what 
it may give. The only time we can act is now. We 
live too much in other days. God says now. " Now 
is the day of salvation." Upon the present depends 
.our all. 

The greatest thing on earth is the soul of man. The 
salvation of the soul is the greatest work. Now is 
God's time for mercy. Our first duty is to accept his 
grace. Now is the acceptable time. We need not 
wait. " All things are now ready." The majority 
strive to get everything else first, and then attend to 
the "' one thing needful." Christ says: " Seek ye first 
the kingdom of God, and his righteousness, and all 
these things shall be added unto you." Let us make 
haste, then, to act now ; it is the only time. 

3<>33 North Griffin Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Therjs can be no true peace, there can be no true 
hope, there can be no true comfort, where there is un- 
certainty. I am not fit for God's service, I cannot 
go out and work for God, if I am in doubt about my 
own salvation. — D. L. Moody. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January ?, 1S05. 


I 1VTI-TI7 -T-l-r^-T- A n/ir-M-T- I 



By A. G. 

I. Obedience, a Condition of Loyalty. 

II. Feet-washing, a Religious Rite. 

III. The Lord's Supper. 

IV. The Cup and Loaf. 

V. The Christian Salutation. 

VI. Anointing the Sick with Oil. 

oy rt. ._.. CROSSWHITE. 

I. OBEDIENCE, A CONDITION OF LOYALTY. Der h a ,,s. is „„r „ssn,;nti„„s Tf th» „»,„ ™,.„. ..,„.. 

September 22, 1780, will long; be remembered as the 
most startling and saddest period of the Revolutionary 
War. Washington's most trusted friend, Eenedict Ar- 
nold, turned traitor ; and, had it not been for the cap- 
ture of the British spy, Maj. Andre, with whom he 
had sent a plan of the fortifications at West Point, his 
perfidy would not have been discovered so soon. 

He escaped to the British army and died in London 
twenty years later, but the young spy paid the death 
penalty. It is said that the last request he made was 
that the epaulettes and sword-knot which Washington 
gave him might be brought. " Let me die," said he, 
" in my old American uniform in which I fought my 
battles. God forgive me for ever having put on any 
other! " — Montgomery's American History, page 180. 
Many similar wails have come up from Christian 
soldiers who have discovered when too late that " the 
way of the transgressor is hard ; " and that a reinstate- 
ment at the very last moment is hardly reasonable. 

Webster says that " obedience may be either volun- 
tary or involuntary. Subjoined to this statement is an 
accepted conclusion—" Voluntary obedience alone can 
be acceptable to God." And, again, " Government 
must compel the obedience of individuals; otherwise 
who will seek its protection or fear its vengeance?" 
Now, if these two facts can be coupled together as 
a truism, what is the duty of the church ? Of the indi- 
vidual ? 

1. The Duty of the Church. 
The church is the highest and purest organization 
upon the earth and is vested with power to enforce 
heaven's laws. Jesus says of his believers, " What- 
soever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven ; 
and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed 
in heaven." Matt. 18: 18. And, again, " That if two 
of you shall agree on earth as touching anything that 
they shall ask in my name, it shall be done for them 
of my Father which is in heaven." Verse 19. 

The key to the situation is prayer ; and the propel- 
ler of this vehicle is the triple virtues, faith, hope and 
chanty. That the church must have discipline no one 
disputes, but the proper way to administer this disci- 
pline is a matter of dispute. The severity of the dose 
must be governed by the aggravation of the case The 
homoeopathic treatment of cases in the church has 
brought on the present crisis, and now the whole 
Brotherhood is looking around for a cure instead of 
a preventive. If schools, corporations, county, state 
or governmental officials required no stricter allegiance 
to their regulations than the church does, there would 
be a condition of affairs that all would deplore In 
the baptismal covenant the applicant willingly re- 
nounces Satan and the sinful pleasures of this life 
The church takes it for granted that there is no co- 
ercon and that there is honesty and sincerity in every 
promise of fidelity. 

When temptation overtakes and Satan overpowers 
the weak members, the attitude of the church toward 
such members is, or should be, " to restore such an 
one in the spirit of meekness " and win them back 
to the narrow way. 

If a spirit of retraction and repentance is manifest 
there should be great forbearance; but if there is a 
disposition to take the reins of government in their own 
hands or openly defy the government of the church 
the sooner she withdraws her protection the better 
■t will be for both. It is possible for one member to 
corrupt a whole church. 
2. The Individual. 
The most fruitful source of infidelity to our vows, 

perhaps, is our associations. If the new convert would 
seek the companionship of those of " like precious 
faith " there would not be so much straying away. 
At first he or she is only " a babe in Christ," and not 
supposed to be able to resist either argument or temp- 
tation that worldly people may throw in their way. 
At best they are somewhat ashamed to be in the com- 
pany of one who is separate from the world in conver- 
sation; in dress, in attendance of places of amuse- 
ments, etc. 

Another one of Satan's sidetracks is the literature 
we read. Dime novels and sensational storybooks 
are hardly to be thought of for Christian people, but 
some books and papers passing under the guise of 
religious literature present such a liberal view of Chris- 
tianity and parade the virtues of men and women who 
are far beneath the gospel ideal that one is led to be- 
lieve that he can be good without so much simplicity 
and self-denial. 

Still another is the clamor for free speech and inde- 
pendent thought. Put it in another form, and we have 
the individual setting up his judgment against the 
whole church and against the combined counsels of 
nearly two hundred years. Call back several years and 
see if that spirit was not manifest when father and 
mother told us to do something that we disliked or bade 
us not do something that we wanted to do. There was 
• rebellion right away. That was before conversion 
and more excusable than disloyalty would be now. 
Where does the spirit of religious anarchy spring 
from? It arises from a lack of faith in (1) Christ 
and his Word. (2) The church. (3) Self. Faith, 
saving faith, in Christ implies perfect and absolute- 
obedience to his Word and will. If we would only 
study more how we might please him and better un- 
derstand his smallest desires instead of trying to avoid 
and mystify all his commands that are not printed in 
large ^capitals or prefaced by "Thus saith the 
Lord," 'we would have easier consciences. Mutiny 
anarchy and disloyalty are almost synonyms and are 
the direful results of disobedience. We too often jus- 
tify a wrong in ourselves by- saying or thinking that 
this, that, and the other thing is no worse than what 
somebody else does. I wish now to make a few ob- 

I- The plainest and most orderlv churches have been 
the most prosperous. 

2. Meek and obedient sons and daughters make 
the best husbands and wives. 

3- When one old-time gospel principle is violated 
it weakens many more with us. 

4. Neither the church nor the world desires to see 
our distinctive principles laid aside. 

5- Worldliness is at the bottom of every departure 
from our fixed principles. 

6. Our mingling with worldly friends has in most 
instances drawn us, not them. 

7. Israel was prosperous as long as they and their 
leader were loyal. 

8. It was a sad day for Lot when he turned his face 
toward Sodom. 

9. " If a man love the world, the love of the Father 
■s not in him." 

10. " Remember Lot's wife." 
Flora, hid. 

rifles, bayonets, shells and mines. The great armies 
on the Shakhe river are sternly facing each other, 
ready to fall again upon each other, like raging wild 
beasts, the moment that either of them feels that it 
has sufficient advantage to enable it to deal its adver- 
sary a crushing blow. 

There have been rumors that both governments have 
grown sick of the struggle and would be glad to see 
it end. Japan at one time even went so far as to ap- 
proach the Russian government on the subject. But 
nothing came of this, except larger preparations to 
continue the struggle. Russia seems to be preparing 
to call forth the whole military strength of the Empire 
rather than consent to make peace in the present pos- 
ture of affairs. The powers talk of mediation, but no 
serious move in this direction has yet been made. 

The struggle in its present stage is laying terrible 
emphasis on one of the worst characteristics of war. 
A nation that is in armed conflict with another refuses 
to stop until it has either gained the victory or been 
beaten into helplessness. This is the law of that mis- 
erable delusion called " honor." No sacrifices of men 
or money, no amount of heroism displayed on fields 
of death, nothing but " shining " victory or hopeless 
defeat, can save or satisfy " honor! " As if no hurt 
to honor were done by continuing to break up thou- 
sands of happy homes, and to load ever increasing and 
exhausting burdens upon the backs of the people, and 
to send down to still deeper depths the physical and 
moral maiming and degradation of the young manhood 
of the nation ! 

" Honor " has probably been the cause of more dis- 
honor in the world than any other one thing. We 
may well pray that this Eastern spectacle may be the 
last international exhibition of " honor's " deadly 
fruits that the world may ever behold. If Russia 
would consent to give up the conflict at once and refuse 
to contribute another day's installment to its horrors 
and woes, to its aftermath of sorrow and economic 
burdens, to its disturbance of the order and progress 
of the world, she would by this single decision win 
for herself more honor and prestige in the eyes of 
civilized men than she has gained by all her military 
exploits since the dawn of her history. If she must 
make incredible sacrifices to save her prestige, why 
can she not be brave enough to make the great sacri- 
fice? By so doing she would set an example of true 
honor and glory which would save the world. The 
nation which distinguished herself immeasurably by 
calling the Hague Conference ought to be strong and 
courageous enough to do this also.— Advocate of 




T here are no perceptible signs of an early cessation 
of the sanguinary and sickening conflict between Rus- 
sia and Japan. As we write these words the horrible 
butchery at Port Arthur is in progress again and thou- 
sands of men are being done to death by the merciless 

At no previous period in the world's history has 
there been, among civilized nations, such a sentiment 
against war as now ; hence this opportune time for the 
discussion of this subject. 

What War Is and Does. 
One of the most prominent generals of our last civil 
conflict, being asked to define war, said : " War is hell 
on earth." It arouses all the evil passions in human 
nature: It stimulates the human mind to its utmost 
tension to devise plans and invent instruments to de- 
stroy lives. In the fierce battle, men lose all human 
feelings and act like demons, neither asking nor giving 
quarter. Like maddened brutes, they rush into the 
deadly conflict where columns of human beings are 
mowed down like ripened grain and trampled out of 
recognition. By means of mines, whole regiments 
may be instantly hurled into eternity. The earth 
soaked with blood and covered with the bodies of the 
dead and dying, the roar of cannon, the rattle of 
musketry, the clash of swords, mingled with the groans 
of the wounded and dying, form a scene which no 
brush can portray nor pen describe. For an extended 
description of the horrors of war we refer the reader 
to the first five chapters of "The Jewish War," by 

The evils of war are not confined to the time when 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 7, 1905. 

it is in actual progress. Before the conflict opens and 
long after the din of battle has ceased, the heavy bur- 
den of debt which it entails, sits like an incubus upon 
the nation. Germany, for example, has not had a war 
since it became a nation, yet its War debt has been 
steadily accumulating until it has already reached the 
enormous sum of $700,000,000. Besides this national 
debt, the individual states have additional heavy war 
debts. This keeps the nation poor and compels its 
citizens to labor and expend their resources for what 
is absolutely of no profit to them. Their national 
standing army of six hundred thousand men takes the 
young men in their prime from the plow, the work- 
bench, and all other means of self-support and the 
production of wealth, and requires that they be sup- 
ported by others. 

The expenses for war establishments in the United 
States is about $200,000,000 annually, or nearly three 
dollars for every marl, woirian, and child in the nation, 
although our standing army has been reduced to sixty 
thousand men, but our navy is heaping up debt enor- 

When actual war has Ceased, the evils thereof still 
continue. An impoverished country, hundreds of 
thousands of husbands, brothers, and sons, sent to an 
untimely grave, while multiplied hundreds of thou- 
sands of widows and orphans are left to mourn, suffer, 
and struggle with want and poverty that the ambition 
of a few selfish men might be gratified who never 
risked any danger, nor made any sacrifices. 

The annual expense of the United States for pen- 
sions alone amounts to more than $140,000,000, al- 
though it is nearly forty years since the civil war was 
ended, thus showing that the evils of war do not cease 
with the din of battle, but are long drawn out. 
War from a Civil Standpoint. 

The great mass of citizens of every civilized nation 
want no war. A large portion of the young men of 
every European country come to America to escape 
being drafted into the army. The rulers of the nations 
admit that war is a great evil. Even the Czar of 
Russia, the ruler who makes the most strenuous effort 
to extend his empire over other nations, was the one 
who called a peace congress of representatives of the 
various nations to sit at the Hague in Holland in 
1899 to devise means by which those nations could 
dispense with their standing armies and settle their dif- 
ferences at the Hague Court of Arbitration. While 
this congress, composed of the ablest of jurists each 
nation could send, did not accomplish all that was de- 
sired, yet immense strides were made in favor of unf- 
versal peace and abolishing war altogether. The 
United States and Mexico gave prestige to the Hague 
Court by submitting their differences to that body for 
settlement. The trouble between Venezuela, England, 
Germany, Italy and other nations was adjusted by the 
same court and war averted- Since then treaties 
have been signed between various nations to adjust 
their differences through the same court. Even now 
the English nation, the most powerful on the sea, and 
the Russian, the most powerful on land, have 
agreed to submit their case for investigation to this 
same court of arbitration. 

What is most hopeful and carrying immense weight 
with it. is the work of the International Peace Con- 
gress whose thirteenth annual session was held in Bos- 
ton last October. It is composed of many of the most 
influential personages in the various nations, repre- 
senting both church and state. They exert an influ- 
ence upon the governments they represent and are 
educating the masses by the means of the press in 
favor of universal peace. 

The Inter-Parliamentary Union, also composed of 
eminent statesmen of various nations, and meeting 
recently at St. Louis, called upon the President of the 
United States and urged him to call another Peace 
Congress for the purpose of finishing the work left 
over by the last Hague Congress. The President 
gladly accepted the office bestowed upon him and the 
first steps are already taken toward the assembling 
of another congress, paving the way toward universal 
peace. The Christian Herald says: "The project is 

one which Christians throughout the world will hail 
with hearty approval. It aims to promote the negoti- 
ation of arbitration treaties between the various 
nations and to organize a congress to assemble peri- 
odically for the discussion of international questions. 
With these definite objects fixed, it should have a 
practical result. Every nation, at least in theory, is 
opposed to war, and, though there is reason to doubt 
the sincerity of some, it will be a distinct step to have 
the governments put on record and to provide them 
with the means of proving their sincerity. The fol- 
lowers of the Prince of Peace will give their hearty 

The church of the Brethren never held slaves, but 
advocated the abolition of slavery and in due time the 
nations came up to the gospel standard advocated by 
our church. May we not hope that the nations may 
come up to the gospel standard on the peace question, 
and should not every minister in our church exert all 
his influence in its favor? 

War from the Bible Standpoint. 

War under the old, or Jewish, dispensation was 
not only allowed but commanded. Joshua was di- 
rected by the Lord to exterminate the inhabitants of 
Palestine or drive them out before the Israelites. The 
Lord was with the judges after Joshua in their con- 
flicts with the enemies of Israel. Barak, Deborah, 
Gideon, Jephthah, Samson and others received divine 
aid to gain victories over their enemies. Also the 
kings of Israel and Judah received divine assistance 
to overcome their adversaries. This was under the 
dispensation of justice which required " eye for eye 
and tooth for tooth," and before the advent of the 
Prince of Peace into the world who reversed all this 
and gave us a new dispensation, saying, " Ye have 
heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye and a 
tooth for a tooth ; but I say unto you, that ye resist not 
evil." When his disciples wished to retaliate by com- 
manding fire to fall down from heaven and consume 
their enemies, he said : " Ye know not what manner 
of spirit ye are of." All who have " come out of the 
world " and become " a separate people," and are 
following the Lord Jesus Christ, having his spirit, can- 
not return evil for evil or retaliate for an injury done 
them. It should be observed that the conditions un- 
der the new, or Christian, dispensation are different 
and sometimes the very reverse of the old, or Jewish. 
In not a single passage of the new covenant can it be 
shown that war is allowable to the follower of Christ 
who told Peter to put up his sword into the sheath 
and never told him to take it out again ; hut there it is 
to stay until it be made a plowshare. The entire Gos- 
pel of Jesus Christ is a " gospel of peace." There can 
be no gospel of war or favoring war. 

The origin of wars is plainly told by James 4; 1, 
saying : " Whence come wars and fightings among 
you? come not they hence, even of your lusts which 
war in your members? " A careful study of history 
reveals the fact that wars are almost invariably in- 
duced by the lust for power or some similar passion. 
It is a relic of barbarism and utterly incompatible 
with true civilization as well as with true religion. 

Retaliation is utterly at variance with the teach- 
ings of Christ, Rom. 12: 19, 20 saying: "Dearly be- 
loved, avenge not yourselves;" also, " If thine enemy 
hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink." 

The entire purpose of the Christian dispensation 
was announced by the herald angel at the advent of 
Christ, saying, " Peace on earth and good will to 
men,"— that peace " which passeth understanding," 
which reconciles man to God and unites all nations 
into one great brotherhood, which affords to the truly 
converted, joy unspeakable and a realization of happi- 
ness eternal in the world to come. In this world, peace 
affords the conditions for the highest development, 
mental and moral, of which the soul is susceptible. 
It promotes the advancement of the arts and sciences 
and of national and international commerce. It af- 
fords the best civil governments as against the tyr- 
anny of military rule. It assures domestic tranquility 
and affords the highest happiness on earth. 

Fruita, Colo. 

•V •!■ ■ ! ■ - I - ■ ! ■ ■ ! ■ ■ ! ■ ■!■ . 1 . 1 . .1. ■!. ■ ! . . ; ■ 1 ■ ! ■ ■ H >^H^^'^»H^H^»^»»^-fr»^»fr 

4, iri X ' s an open n 11051 ' " f°r the conference of 

X 1905, a question on which different views will be 

<£ presented in our columns. Under this head sev- 

1 era! articles will appear from time to time. These 

4 articles are to be strong, clear and entirely free from 

T llic controversial spirit. 


BY S. M. EBY. 

If I am correctly informed, the name under which 
we are incorporated is the " German Baptist or Breth- 
ren," which would indicate that it is either one or the 
other. If they are equal, why have both? 

German Baptist is confusing, as we come in contact 
with German people who have formed themselves into 
a church, and I presume are incorporated under that 
name, German Baptist. And besides, we are not 
Germans; hence German Baptist is misleading, and 
we do not need it, neither do we want it. We have 
the name " Brethren," which we want and must have, 
because we are children of the same Father. There 
are many people who have banded themselves to- 
gether as a brotherhood, because there is an affinity 
between them and they claim to have one common 
Fattier, which does not necessarily follow, as the spirit 
which binds them together may not harmonize with 
God's Spirit. But those who are banded together are 
born of God, having the Spirit of God the Father, are 
led by the same Spirit and are the sons of God. They 
are brethren. But perhaps others are incorporated 
under that name. So in order to retain the name 
" Brethren " legally, we must add something to it. 
What shall it be? 

Matt. 11: 13— " For all the prophets and the law 
prophesied until John," who was the forerunner, called 
John the Baptist, meaning the one who baptizes. And 
the Word says the Master was baptized, as it became 
him to fulfill all righteousness. So he subscribed to 
what John was doing and himself became a baptist, 
and I want to be a baptist. If the word "baptist" 
has not b.een translated from the Greek, but trans- 
ferred, I am unable to say how nearly synonymous 
it is with the word " immerse," but I believe we should 
use the word that designates a burial. 

Now as we have many Baptist Brethren, it seems 
that we need something more yet, and that something 
should be significant so that the name would clearly 
distinguish us. We believe in the Triune God, three 
in one, and we perform one baptism by three actions 
—one action in the name of each person in the God- 
head — and this we do in contradistinction to most 
other denominations, as we believe the great commis- 
sion warrants. So we are certainly Triune Baptists 
or immersionists, and we are Brethren, why not couple 
them together, — Triune Baptist Brethren, — stating 
what we arc, what we do and how we do it ? 

Tustm, Col. 



Shall we change our church name? No. Many 
names have been suggested, but will they help us? 
Not any. Why? Simply because, if adopted, the in- 
quiry will come, Who are they? What church? etc. 
And the answer will come, by those who know, The 
Dunkard church, or, Dunkard people. I am not think- 
ing of the meaning of the word, but as it is applied to 
our people. 

All the way from my home to North Dakota and 
south to Oklahoma, and return, when accosted by 
strangers, the)' would say, " You belong to the Dunk- 
ard church," or, " Are you not a Dunkard minister? " 
Several said to me, " My father or my mother be- 
longed to the Dunkard church." I have learned to 
love that word; everybody calls me a Dunkard minis- 
ter. And I predict that the general conference can 
never get away from that word. So let us have it this 
way, " Brethren (Dunkard) church," holding to the 
original name " Brethren." 

Pierceton, Ind. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 7, 1905. 



Text. — Your Resolutions. 
It is better to have made a good resolution and have 
broken it than not to have made it at all. So in your 
New Year resolutions do not be hopelessly afraid of 
starting out with good intentions, even though they 
contribute their share to the pavement of the unmen- 
tionable place. But a good way to avoid a flat failure 
is not to undertake too much. Every one of us has 
some particular failing, his sin that does so easily 
beset him, which gives him more trouble than all his 
other shortcomings. It will be a good thing to attack 
this one failing and keep at it till it is downed and done 
away with. 

Remember this one thing,— it is the motive that 
counts with God. Man judges by what he sees : God 
by what he knows is going on within us. 
. Many a man has ingloriously failed before his fel- 
lows and won out in his destiny. It is the getting 
up again after falling down that counts for us. He 
who falls and lies prone loses all. Keep at it, steadily, 
everlastingly at it, and none can fail to win in the end, 
though that end may be after death. God and one 
loyal soul make an overwhelming majority against 
the world. Make your resolutions and trust in God. 
The moment you let go you fall. May the good Lord 
bless every well-meant trial, and he helps most him who 
best helps himself. 
Elgin, III, ' 



A valuable prize has been offered by a certain king 
who urges that those who have not entered the contest 
should do so at once. The opening of the new year 
is an excellent time to enter, as the king has made a 
special offer to those who enter at this time. 

The contest is open to all and the terms are very 
easy. The prize is guaranteed to give satisfaction. 
If you are seeking knowledge, this is your chance. If 
you are sick, he has a remedy for every disease. If 
you desire wealth, he will give you riches untold and a 
title to a priceless heritage. 

A special book has been prepared which gives all 
information as to how you shall enter, as well as a 
definite plan for securing the prize. A special peti- 
tion should be sent to the king before entering the con- 

The name of this great king is Jesus, his special 
book of information is the Bible and your petition 
should be an earnest prayer from a humble heart to 
a loving Savior. 

Being assured that we shall win if we rely on our 
King for direction, let us lay aside every weight, and 
the sin which doth so easily beset us, and run with 
patience the race that is set before us, looking unto 
Jesus the author and finisher of our faith, who for 
the joy that was set before him endured the cross, de- 
spising the shame, and is set down at the right hand 
of the throne of God to intercede for us. 

Daleville, Va. 



May the new year be full of rich blessings to all. 
In God's providence pastor and flock have their com- 
mon work together for another year. The work, 
though common, is of tremendous magnitude and im- 
portance, and none should rest satisfied short of their 
best effort. Can we not resolve afresh to give to each 
other our most cordial cooperation? The new year's 
greeting demands that we seek a reconsecration of all 
our powers to God. The Holy Ghost may then be 
spread abroad in every heart by a special personal bap- 

The Spirit of Christ we need more to help us live 

and to help us do the great work that is ours. Let 

us do our best in service. In visiting the flock, the 
sick and poor will always have the preference. Wher- 
ever sickness or sorrow comes, send for the pastor, 
he will gladly do all he can to comfort and help. Give 
him the names of your neighbors who may be sick 
or need a visit. Lend a helping presence. Empty 
seats and places always discourage. And " he that 
turneth away his ear from hearing the law, even his 
prayer shall be an abomination." Pray much. Be in- 
stant and with one accord, and Pentecostal fire will 
come to very humble efforts. Provide for the support 
of the Gospel, give every dollar as an act of worship. 
Blessings, temporal and spiritual, follow giving as the 
Lord has prospered us. Never appear " empty before 
the Lord," for the righteous have never been forsaken 
nor their seed begging bread. Our hearty and sus- 
tained desire should be to help each other in our Chris- 
tian life and be all we can to each other to be counted 
faithful. This cannot be without confidence and love. 
With these, and by God's help, we may serve in ad- 
vancing the spiritual life till we all may sing: 

" If life be long, oh, make me glad 
The longer to obey; 
If short, no laborer is sad 
To end the toilsome day." 

With fervent prayers for our Lord's blessings upon 
pastor and people, sincerely and affectionately. 
Westminster, Md. 




There is room enough on earth to find graves for 
the finest abilities and noblest powers. The ground 
which received one talent will also receive the five. 
You can easily find a spade to dig a grave for your 
talents and abilities, your money and your time. 
But understand that in burying your talent you are 
burying yourself; in burying aught that God has given 
you, you are burying part of your life. — Joseph Parker. 


For the Week Beginning January 15, 1905. 
PERSONAL WORK.— 1 Thess. 5:14. 

1. Incentives to the Work. John 17: IS. Our mission is 
the same as that of the Master, — to win men to God, 
to build up the kingdom of God. Such a work re- 
quires consecration, and therefore a separation from 
things of the old life, before there can be true service. „ 

2. Love the Mainspring of Our Actions. While we ad- 
mit that duty has its place in the Christian life, yet it 
is love for souls alone that brings out the noblest at- 
tributes of man. Love for perishing souls bids us 
brave the cold of Arctic ice fields and the scorching 
sun of the tropics to tell the glad tidings. John 21; 
15-17; 2 Cor. 5: 14, 15. 

3. Man's Great Privilege. Not to angels, — spotless and 
pure, — but ".unto us has been committed the ministry 
of reconciliation." 2 Cor. 5: 18-20. We may be "slow 
of speech," but by God's grace we can become mighty 
instruments for good. 

4. The Source of our Strength. Not until we realize that 
our efficiency and fitness for the work are all of God 
(2 Cor. 3: 5-9), can we fully equip ourselves for our 
task. We must realize that of ourselves we are noth- 
ing and the Lord is "all and in all." 

5. It is our Duty to Study. The Lord has given us his 
blessed Word that we might make it " the man of our 
counsel." As the pilot with anxious care scans his 
chart, so we should with anxious concern study to make 
ourselves "approved unto God, workmen that need not 
be ashamed." 2 Tim. 2: 15. 

6. The Time to Work— " To-day." John 4: 35, 36. The 
fields are white. John 9: 4. Remember that " the night 
cometh soon" when opportunities for good shall have 
passed away, when the cry shall be, "Too late." 

7. The Gracious Reward of the Father. Dan. 12: 3; James 
5: 19, 20; 1 Thess. 2: 19, 20. After all, the most precious 
thought of all, in the work of soul-winning, is this, . 
that having brought others to the blessed Savior, we 
ourselves shall " be with Christ." Blessed fact, " We 
shall see him." "They shall walk with me in white, 
for thrjy are worthy." Happy day, when vision and 
communion shall be ours in fullness— when we shall 
know even as we are known! 

For Sunday Evening, January 15, 1005. 

ASK, SEEK, FIND.— Matt. 7:7, 8; Luke 1:1, 13. 

I. Prayer Enjoined. 

1. In Need, Heb. 4:16 

2. The Widow Luke 18:1-5 

3. In Need of Wisdom James 1:5 

4. First, '. Matt. 6:33 

II. Prayer of Distress. 

1- Jonah, Jonah 2: 1, 2 

2. Joseph, Gen. 42: 21 

3. Peter, Matt. 14: 20 

III. Prayer of Confidence. 

1. Elias, James 5: 17, 18 

2. Peter Acts 9: 40 

3. Disciples, Acts 4: 31 

IV. Answer Promised. 

1. Anything, 1 John 5: 14 

2. Salvation, Rom. 10: 13 

3. Through the Spirit Eph. 2: 18 

V. Family Prayer. 

1. Cornelius, Acts 10:2 

2. Timothy, 2 Tim. 1:5 

Note. — God gives only Good Gifts. James 1: 17. 
I. Prayer Enjoined. 

1. In severe illness we are anxious to partake of the 
remedy that affords immediate relief. Just so with the 
soul's afflictions, we should not hesitate to approach the 
Great Physician who has never lost a case. 

2. Even the ungodly man is moved to sympathy by 
earnest entreaty and by the exhibition of a meek and quiet 
spirit. It requires persistence to accomplish good re- 
sults with God or man. 

3. The treasure house of God's wisdom is inexhaustible. 
We may have it for the asking, but only present needs 
are supplied. It never worries God to draw upon him 

4. There is probably no Scripture that is disregarded 
more than this. It is something that does not come to 
us; we are to seek for it as for hid treasures. Suppose we 
should seek as earnestly for religion as we do for edu- 
cation or for wealth; what would be the result? 

II. Prayer of Distress. 

1. Jonah was a refugee from service and made a poor 
effort at escape. Probably he thought when he was of- 
fering this prayer that it would be his last. How many 
Jonah's have we in the world to-day? 

2. Joseph's brethren must surely have been very hard 
hearted indeed, not to have been moved to repentance 
at his prayer and wailing of distress when they cast him 
into the pit. 

3. Peter certainly had some faith or he would never have 
placed his feet on those crested waves. As he began to 
sink he saw how utterly insignificant is the power within 

III. Prayer of Confidence. 

1. The secret of Elijah's success in prayer was earnest- 
ness. It was the greatest prayer of its kind upon record. 
It will be good to consider the cause of this prayer. 

2. This is one of the prevailing prayers in which the 
words are not recorded. God heard and answered it, how- 
ever, and the multitudes saw only the results. 

3. Here we have a concentration of power through the 
Holy Ghost. The tarrying in Jerusalem meant a mighty 
enduement of the promised baptism and singular results 
of faithful obedience. 

IV. Answer Promised. 

1. What, we ask must be according to his will to be ef- 
fective; for Jesus himself, in his deepest distress, prayed 
that way. Blessings are often like objects seen through 
the camera — so near as to surprise us. 

2. Whosoever implies universal salvation; whatsoever 
implies world-wide blessings. What more could be prom- 

3. Whatever our need, wherever our home, whenever we 
call through the Holy Spirit, God abundantly supplies our 

V. Family Prayer. 

1. The record of Cornelius was perhaps better in the 
community in which he lived than abroad. His household 
was pious and the constant, prayerful instructions kept 
them in the fear of God. 

2. Timothy's exemplary life was a grand reflection of 
a praying mother, and she inherited her piety likewise 
from a consecrated mother. Will our lives be a benedic- 
tion to succeeding generations? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 7, 1905. 




Love shall be my motto 

Adown the coming year, 
And love my ruling guerdon, 

Nor try to rule by fear. 
With loving smiles I'll greet 

My friends or great or small. 
I'll run to help the weary, 

And stoop to those who fall. 

O, Love shall be my comrade, 
And Love and Truth, so meek, 

In chambers of my heart 
Shall play at hide and seek. 

I'll love each fellow-mortal 
Who walks this lowly sod, 
And loving well my neighbor 
Thus learn to love my God. 
, Ala. _^_ 


A few years ago while enjoying a trip down and up 
the Rhine in Germany, we became interested in the 
many legends that are held and told by the peasants 
and others who now make their homes along its beau- 
tiful banks, and in sight of the large number of castles 
on the hillsides where were once the magnificent homes 
of the petty rulers and kings who ruled with absolute 
authority and not always to the pleasure and best in- 
terests of their subjects. Many of the legends have 
grown out of their rigorous ruling and the hardships 
endured by the common people. Many of these are 
not only interesting in their details, but carry with 
them some very instructive lessons. 

Our own country has some legends that are equal- 
ly interesting. " The Balanced Rock " is one that 
carries with it a very good moral— one that is worth 
knowing and remembering. 

Near Pittsfield, Mass., is a mass of limestone that 
was deposited where it stands by the great continen- 
tal glacier during the ice age. It is estimated that it 
weighs four hundred and eighty tons. Here, one of 
the Atotarhos, kings of the six nations, had his camp. 
It is said that he was a fierce man, who ate and drank 
from bowls of the skulls of his enemies. The son of 
this ferocious king inherited none of his father's war- 
like tendencies. Indeed, the lad was almost fem- 
inine in his appearance, and on succeeding to power he 
applied himself to the cultivation of the peaceful arts. 
One day, it is said, this young Atotarho stood near 
Balanced Rock watching a number of big boys play- 
ing duff. In the game one stone is placed upon an- 
other and the players, standing as far from it as they 
fancy they can throw, attempt to knock it out of place 
with other stones. This day looking on in silence, 
his slender body and girlish appearance called forth 
rude remarks from the boys, who did not know him, 
and who dared him to test his skill. The young chief 
came -forward, and as he did so the jeers and laughter 
changed to cries of astonishment and fear, for at each 
step he grew in size until he towered above them, a 
giant. Then they knew him, and fell down in dread, 
but he took no revenge. Casting up great bowlders, 
he tossed them around as easily as if they had been 
beechnuts and at last, lifting the " Balanced Rock," 
he placed it lightly where it stands to-day, and gave the 
boys caution against all ill names and hasty judg- 
ments. For many years after, the old man of the 
tribe repeated this story and its lessons from the top 
of Atotarho's cliff. 

How much reality may have been connected with this 
legend we do not know. But as all legends have in 
them some elements that come within the range of 
possibility, the significant part of it may be true— and 
from it may be drawn a lesson worthy of careful 
thought by all. and especially by the young. To jeer 
and sport at the seeming misfortunes of others is not 
only bad manners, but is often humiliating and dan- 

It is the inoffensive and the weak that are generally 
made the butt of ridicule, even down to dogs and cats. 
The aged, the frail and the maimed are made subjects 
for fun-making by bad and thoughtless boys and girls. 
And though done with open eyes, a guilty conscience 
almost always follows such actions. And a guilty con- 
science makes cowards, and cowards see things bigger 
than they really are. To these boys, the young man, 
at a distance, seemed small and weak, but as he ad- 
vanced towards them, at each step he grew larger — 
their sport changed into fear and terror. 

Why was this ? Because they knew they were guilty 
of wrongdoing. " The wicked fleeth when none pur- 
sueth." These boys were frightened out of their wits 
when no danger was nigh, though their guilt deserved 
punishment. We have seen boys who had been doing 
wrong almost run themselves to death when no one 
was pursuing. They feared to look back, lest they 
should be overtaken by the avenger, who was really not 
after them. Their guilt goaded them on, and was their 
most unrelenting pursuer. They were frightened at 
the noise of their own feet. Whatever sweetness may 
be in making fun at the expense or pain of others soon 
turns into a bitterness that is much longer lasting than 
the sweet can be. Sin is followed with only one result 
— regret and remorse.. 

The only safe way for everybody to do is to do right. 
Be thoughtful, courteous and kind to everybody, and 
especially to the aged, the weak, the decrepit and all 
such as are in need of sympathy and help. The boys 
who hooted at the good old prophet and were destroyed 
by bears are in line with the spirit of this legend, and 
add forcefulness to it. Politeness, manliness and 
careful consideration for the feelings and pleasures of 
others are the elements that go to the make up of true 
manhood and womanhood. H. b. b. 

Up until Dec. 15, we had twenty-two meetings, with 
an average attendance of nine. Amount expended for 
material, $5.43. Amount left in the treasury, $17.59. 
At present we are piecing chair cushions for the Old 
People's Home, Greenville, Ohio, as our Christmas 
gift to them. 

In this work the society desires to brighten the lives 
of some unfortunate people. If this has been done, 
we feel amply rewarded for the efforts we have put 

Myrtle Niswonger, Sec. 

Pitsburg, Ohio, Dee. rp. 


About Thanksgiving time our society sent a box of 
winter clothing to St. Joe, Mo. We aim to send a box 
of suitable clothing each spring and fall, each box 
adapted to its season. Our fall box contained two com- 
forts, six pairs boys' pants, three waists, three shirts, 
seven little skirts, ten little dresses and several donated 

Outside of this work we have sewed for some at 

The society has been favored by donations by mem- 
bers who cannot attend the circle. We hope the work 
may grow, that it may prove more beneficial to the 
workers in the field, and in turn be a blessing to the 

Grace E. Wine, Sec. 



" In course of a Southern tour," said John D. Rock- 
efeller, Jr., " I attended church one Sunday morning 
in a quaint wooden little meetinghouse where the pews 
were of unpainted pine boards. The minister was 
a good man, a sincere man, a really eloquent man, but 
he had an unfortunate habit of bellowing. He was 
especially loud during the prayer. I never heard such 
an uproar as filled the little building while this South- 
ern minister prayed. After he was through a little 
girl on my left gave a sigh of relief, and I heard her 
whisper to her father: 'Father, don't you think if 
he lived nearer to God he wouldn't have to talk so 
loud ? ' " 


The Japanese New Year comes at the same time as 
ours ; but instead of celebrating but one day, the Jap- 
anese observe the first three days of January. Indeed, 
in certain localities even six days are observed. Dur- 
ing the holidays, public offices are closed, and very 
little business is transacted — all classes of people de- 
voting themselves to enjoyment, and spending much 
time in making and receiving New-year calls. 

Arrayed in gay holiday attire, the people go from 
house to house, wishing one another " Shim new wo 
omedetto gazaimasu," which means : " May you have 
a happy New Year ! " The callers are often attended 
by one or more servants, who carry bamboo baskets 
laden with gifts, for it is the custom to leave presents 
with one's friendly greetings. The presents are usual- 
ly inexpensive articles for every day use. It is cus- 
tomary to bestow more costly gifts upon one's own 
relatives and intimate friends during the closing days 
of the old year. 

During the holidays the streets present a most fes- 
tive appearance, for the houses are elaborately deco- 
rated, and everybody looks gay and happy. The dec- 
orations remain for fifteen days, and consist, in many 
cases, of evergreen arches over the doors. Red berries 
and yellow chrysanthemums are interwoven into these 

arches- and purple cabbages are also used. The Jap- " Here, young man," said the old lady, with fire in 

anese think the cabbage highly ornamental, and use it her eye, " I've brung back this thermometer ye sold 
as a house plant and at funerals. The cabbages look me ." " What's the matter with it?" demanded the 
like large, purple rosettes in the decorations. clerk. " It ain't reliable. One time you look at it it 

Straw ropes are twisted into fanciful shapes, and in- says one thing, and the next time it says another, 
terspersed with ferns; and lanterns and Japanese flags The world is full of people just like this thermometer, 
are also much used in decorating. They are one thing to-day, and something else to-mor- 

. r ow. They are moved about by every wind of doc- 


The Sisters' Sewing Society of the Ludlow con- COMFORTED, 

gregation, Pitsburg, Ohio, was reorganized the tenth 
of last March, with Sister Lydia Stauffer as president. 
We made sixty-five bonnets, pieced five quilts, and 
two were donated, made five comforters and fourteen 
aprons, besides sewing all day at one place and donat- 
ing one box of clothing to the Kansas City mission. 
We also donated one 
Home, Greenville, Ohio. 

She is a good wife who manages the minister's 
house with skill and economy, so that he has to give no 
thought to domestic affairs, who brings up her children 
in the divine love, whose father has so little time for 
their oversight, who carries herself so wisely and kind- 
ly among his people that none are offended— for they 
have a sense of property in her, too, which is very 
pleasant; who advises her husband on every important 
matter and often restrains him from hasty speech; 
and who receives him weary, discouraged, irritable 
and sends him out again strong, hopeful, sweet-tem- 
pered. — Rev. John Watson. 


comforter to the Children's 

"The night lies dark upon the earth, and we have light; 

So many have to grope their way, and we have sight; 

One path is theirs and ours, of sin and care, 

But we are borne along, and they their burden bear. 

Foot-sore, heart weary, faint they on their way, 

Mute in their sorrow, while "we kneel and pray. 

Glad are they of a stone on which to rest, 

While we lie pillowed on the Father's breast." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January ., 190S. 




Brethren Publishing House, 

publishing agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 

22 and 24 South State street, Elgin, ill. 



The revival in the Fairview church, Pa., resulted in 
ten making the good confession, and accepting the 
conditions of pardon. 

Bro. Peter Bruhaker, of Worthingtort Minn., is 
arranging to open up mission work in Minneapolis, 
Minn., about April I, and would be pleased to have the 
address of all the members, or those friendly to the 
church, residing in that city. Those interested in the 
work will please address him at Worthington. 

D. L. Mills*, Illinois, ) I J- H. Moore. - ■ Office Editor. 

H. B. Bbumbaugh, Pa.. > Editors. Grant Mahan, Associate Editor. 

H. C. Early, Virginia. J | R. E. Abnolo, Business Manager. 

Advisory committee: 

W. R. Deeter, Edward Frantz, Geo. S. Arnold. 

fy All business and communications intended for the paper should bo 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III., and not to any 
Individual connected with It. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., as Second class Matter. 

Bro. Jas. A. Sell is engaged in a series of meetings 
in Waynesboro, Pa. 

At this time Bro. W. M. Howe is engaged in a 
Bible Term in the Scalp Level church, Pa. 

Bro. D. M. Bruhaker, of Liberty, 111., writes us 
that his wife has been near death's door. She called 
for the elders of the church and was anointed. Then 
she began to improve. It is good for the sick to call 
for the anointing, and it is a wonder that more of it 
is not done. We do not mean that they should dis- 
pense with the physician, but that anointing should 
by no means be overlooked, or lost sight of. 

permitted to complete it, but we plan as though we 
were certain of continuing until the end, and then 
work so as to be ready to render an account any day. 
But now we are planning, or rather our plans have 
been perfected, artd we feel sure that the Lofd will 
direct the work. At this time we want to take a ioolc 
into the future and say something about what con- 
fronts us. 
The Messenger is published in the interest of the 
. Brethren church, and it is our purpose to labor in har- 
mony with both the principles and the methods which 
the church I 

The series of meetings at Hanover, Pa., announced 
for December, has been deferred until Jan. 7. 

The Bible Institute at the Bridgewater College, 
Va., opens Jan. 16, and is to continue until Jan. 27. 

Bro. A. J. Bowers, of Colfax, Ind., is reported to 
be dangerously ill. He is suffering from paralysis. 

A revival in the Upper Twin congregation, at 
the Wheatville house, Ohio, resulted in six accessions 
to the church. 

Bko. J. G. Royer writes us from Girard, this State, 
saying that he has a large and a very much interested 
class in Bible study. 

It is estimated that during 1904 about 400,000 lives 
were lost in war. Full)' 370,000 of these must be 

charged to the Russo-Japanese conflict. 

Okonoko is a new mission point in West Virginia. 
Here the Brethren recently held a series of meetings, 
and had the pleasure of receiving five into the church. 

Last Sunday the Brethren in Los Angeles, Cal., 
dedicated the church at their new mission point in 
the city. The outlook for this mission is reported 
quite encouraging. 

A most encouraging revival was held at the Mum- 
mert church in the Upper Canowago congregation. 
Pa. Twenty-three made the good confession and 
were buried with Christ in baptism. 

Bro. Andrew Hutchison is now preaching at 
Roanoke, La. His purpose is to spend as much of the 
winter as possible in the South. His body is becoming 
too feeble to endure our long and severe Northern 

Bro. W. A. Gaunt may be addressed at Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., 1718 Mifflin St. He is now engaged in 
a revival meeting in the Snake Spring congregation. 
Clear Ridge house. He is to give considerable atten- 
tion to evangelistic work from now on. 

Bro. Isaac Frantz, of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, is en- 
gaged in a series of meetings at Nappanee, Ind. 
Eighteen have already applied for membership and 
many others are deeply concerned about their reli- 
gious interests. 

Bro. D. L. Miller and his party reached Bombay. 
India, on the afternoon of Dec. 8, and the next day 
found them at the points previously arranged. We 
hope to say more of their trip and their work later. 
At this time we simply report their safe arrival. This 
of course will be good news to the thousands inter- 
ested in their welfare. 

Bro. George B. Holsinger is now teaching vocal 
music in the Monitor church, Conway, Kans. He 
may remain in the West some months, and could ar- 
range for a few more classes in Kansas; Nebraska 
or Missouri. It might also be arranged for. him to 
take in some other Western States. Those desiring 
to secure his services should communicate with him 
without delay, addressing him at Conway, Kans. 

It is all right to use postal cards when sending brief 
reports of church news. Some correspondents, how- 
ever, attempt to crowd onto a postal card as much mat- 
ter as should be written on a sheet of paper of fair size, 
even writing on the margin of the card. Before giv- 
ing matter thus prepared, to our printer the House 
must be at the expense of having it copied by a type- 
writer. To save expense, and sometimes delay at this 
end, we suggest that correspondents do not attempt 
to crowd onto a card more writing than can be easily 
read by the printers. 

In the United States as well as elsewhere the Christ- 
mas tree business is being carried to extremes. In 
this country fully half a million dollars was spent for 
them last Christmas. They were shipped into Chica- 
go by the steamer load. One steamer brought to 
the city one hundred and twenty tons. All this is a 
waste of money, and the churches are responsible for 
it. Then thousands of acres are denuded of timber 
in order to secure the trees. It is to be hoped that 
the Christian people of this and other lands will find 
some other less expensive way of entertaining the 
people at Christmas. At least our people want to 
encourage something different and better. 

Sister Sarah K. Saylor, of Waynesboro, Pa., and 
widow of Bro. D. P. Saylor, fell asleep in Jesus Dec. 
27. She was his second wife, highly respected and 
greatly beloved. Bro. Jas. A. Sell, who officiated at 
her funeral, writes in very high terms of the sainted 
sister. He asys, " She possessed an amiable disposi- 
tion to which was added Christian culture. She was 
noted for her piety and strong attachment, both to her 
illustrious husband and the church which they both did 
so much to uphold. In her the church here at Waynes- 
boro, has lost one of its strongest pillars. From boy- 
hood I always admired Brother Saylor's dashing and 
daring defenses of the truth. A visit to his own home 
later in life, where his beloved wife was the acknowl- 
edged queen, and to catch the words as they fell from 
his own lips, served to increase that admiration. I felt 
it was a great privilege to be present and share the 
rites of this sad hour. The aged and the young min- 
gled their prayers, sighs and tears as they lingered 
around the casket that contained the sacred dust." 
The husband, Eld. D. P. Saylor, was widely known 
all over the Brotherhood. He died in Maryland, 
June 6, 1 88s. 

A LOOK INTO 1905. 

With pleasure we greet our patrons again. We 
now come with this, the beginning of another volume 
of the Messenger. When we commence a work of 
this sort we never know whether we are going to be 

las seen proper to accept. With us the 
principles are fixed. They are also fixed with the 
church. That is, we, as a religious body, have agreed 
upon certain gospel principles, and there is no dispo- 
sition to depart from them. As regards methods, 
we know that all religious bodies change. Our people 
have changed in the past and we are certain that they 
will do some changing in the future. At this we need 
not be alarmed. In fact there is no occasion for 
alarm. We need to be careful, however, that we do 
not depart from any of the fixed gospel principles. 
We enter upon our work this year, fully realizing 
all this, and mean to direct the policy of the Mes- 
senger accordingly. We are not selecting the methods 
that suit us best, but we deem it our duty to keep the 
caper in line with the methods the church recognizes, 
This we are doing because it is the right thing to do.' 
The paper belongs to the church and ought to voice the 
centiment of the church in methods as well as in prin- 

We have planned for an extensive consideration of ' 
the New Testament doctrine. The Messenger, dur- 
ing 1905, will probably contain more matter along 
doctrinal lines than it has contained for years. We 
dosed the last volume with some excellent articles 
regarding the source of the Holy Scriptures. This 
week we begin a series of articles on the New Testa- 
ment Ordinances. This series is to be followed by 
others, so that by the end of the year we will have 
the doctrine fully' and strongly set forth. 

We are also looking forward to a transition in the 
ministry and are endeavoring to prepare the minds of 
our people for it. We are rapidly passing from the 
voluntary to the supported ministry. Say and think 
what we please about it, the thing is coming. We need 
not attempt to combat it, but we should recognize the 
growing fact, and then so help to direct the transi- 
tion that we retain all our gospel principles and dis- 
tinctive features. This we can do if we exercise pro- 
per prudence. This is one of the important features 
we have in mind while entering upon the work of the 

Our people are becoming a missionary people, with 
a purpose. Just now we are swinging strongly 
towards the foreign fields. Our young men and wom- 
en are preparing for these fields. All this is good. 
But we must make preparation for the home fields as 
well, in order to become strong enough to support our 
foreign work. It would be good if we could have the 
same number preparing for these home fields that 
we have getting ready for the fields in other lands. 
This is one of the important problems we have con- 
fronting us at this hour. 

Possibly we have been neglecting the educational 
interest too much. True, we have plenty of schools ; 
in fact, too many for the support we are giving them. 
We need to plan to place these schools on better 
footing, and so manage them as to do away with all 
friction between them and the Brotherhood. We need 
to act wisely and deliberately, then the right thing 
will happen. It may require years to bring the right 
thing about, but we should not lose sight of the fact 
that our schools are becoming indispensable. 

We are facing another great problem. We have 
too many preachers for the amount of work they are 
doing. They are not spread abroad enough. In some 
parts of the land too many of them have settled in the 
same community. They are "in each other's way. Just 
how to overcome- this is a question worthy of the con- 
sideration of some of our best thinkers. 

What are we to do with our young people? There 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 7, 1906. 

are thousands of them, and probably not more than 
half of them are in the church. Hundreds have gone 
to other denominations. We ought not to be rais- 
ing children for others. But how can it be helped? 
What can we do to save our young people to the 
church ? We need them. In fact, we need every one 
of them, and more too. They are a fine body of young 
men and women, and special and intelligent efforts 
should be made to win all of them. 

The eldership is an important matter among us. 
We need many more efficient elders. We ought to 
have at least one for each congregation. With the 
right kind of elders we should be able to solve almost 
any problem now confronting us as a body. But with- 
out d wise, active and intelligent eldership, our work 
must always be crippled. The Messenger knows of 
no question more important than this phase of our 
church work. 

City work is confronting us on every hand. The 
demand for city workers is far greater than the supply. 
Few of our ministers have been trained for this class 
of work, and that is where we are crippled. Hun- 
dreds of our people are moving into the cities. Their 
children are there also, and we must take the Gospel 
to them. This line of labor is not like the work we 
have been carrying on in the rural sections, hence the 
difficulty. As we look at it our church interest is 
drifting rapidly towards the cities, and we must go 
with it, or lose our hold on the people. 

But as we grow in educational interest, pass from the 
voluntary to the supported ministry, enter into city 
work and also carry the Gospel to the ends of the 
earth, as we are now preparing to do, how are we go- 
in" to maintain our time-honored and distinctive fea- 
tures ? Here is the great question that looms up before 
ns as we begin the work for 1905. 

But these are only a part of the questions before us 
at this time. There are others, and the readers who 
will pause and think a moment cannot help realizing 
that the Messenger has a large and varied field in 
which to develop thought and mould sentiment. 

Some' of the articles for which we have planned 
will discuss some of these questions, but not all of 
them. But we hope, in a measure, to cover the great- 
er part of the field before the end of the year. We 
thus invite our patrons to enter with us into a busy 
year, a year full of interest, and our prayer is that 
God may so direct us in all of this great and grow- 
ing work that his cause and the interest of his king- 
dom may be faithfully and wisely served in all of our 
labors and undertakings. 


Sometime after the day of Pentecost the apostles 
were on trial before the Sanhedrim in Jerusalem. 1 he 
trial was a peculiar one. The evening before the apos- 
tles had been arrested and put into prison. During 
the night an angel of the Lord opened the prison door 
and let them out. The authorities could place these 
men behind the prison door, but they could not keep 
them there. An angel interfered. The apostles were 
not to blame for leaving their cells when an angel un- 
barred the door. The angel could not be brought to 
trial, hence the question was a grave one for a reli- 
gious court that did not endorse the Christian religion. 

In the Jewish senate there was a very wise and 
finely educated man named Gamaliel. He stood at 
the head of the high school at Jerusalem. He had 
seen something of Christianity and knew something 
about the marvelous miracles performed by Christ 
and the apostles. Putting this, that and the other 
thing together, he made up his mind that the Jewish 
court would better go a little slow. So, having the 
apostles to withdraw for a few moments, he made a 
speech to the members of the court. Among other 
things he said : " And now I say unto you, refrain 
from these men, and let them alone: for if this counsel 
or this work be of men, it will come to nought: but 
if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow it, lest haply ye 
be found even to fight against God." Acts 5 : 38,. 39. 

The college president, for that is what Gamaliel 

was, thought that the hand of God might possibly 
be with the work in which the apostles were engaged, 
and he did not want to he found fighting against God. 
That is why he advised moderation. The speech 
pleased the court, and for the time nothing more was 
done than to beat the apostles and forbid them to speak 
further in the name of Jesus. 

Word was one time brought to the Master about 
a certain man casting out devils in his name. The 
apostles took upon themselves the liberty of forbid- 
ding the man to continue in his work, for the reason 
that he would not follow them. The man did not con- 
sent to go with the apostles, nor did he cease casting 
out devils in the name of Christ, so the case, by John, 
was reported to Jesus. The apostles thought that 
Jesus would, of course, sanction what they had done, 
and in some way call the man to account for the use of 
his name in casting out evil spirits. 

The position taken by Jesus, regarding the case 
doubtless surprised them. It was not what they were 
expecting. Jesus told them to " forbid him not." In 
other words, " Let the man alone. Do not interfere 
in the work in which he is engaged. You do what 
I request of you, and do not concern yourself about 
this man, or even other men who are casting out devils 
in my name. My Father and I will look after them." 
After this the apostles went straight forward in the 
work entrusted to them. They had learned a lesson, 
and they learned it well. 

In all of this there is a moral for the Brethren. In 
our claims we are set for the defense of the Gospel. 
Our purpose is to teach and obey the whole Gospel. 
In support of our policy, we have the Bible. We have 
the Gospel, as plain as language can make it, behind 
us. We are doing good in the world, and there is 
still much more for us to do. But we are not doing 
all the good. In the way of helping the needy some 
others are doing more than it is possible for us to do. 
Others are doing more in the way of carrying the 
Gospel to the heathen than we are accomplishing, for 
there are more of them and they have greater resources 
at command. The Salvation Army people are getting 
down among the lower class and lifting up men, wom- 
en and children that we cannot reach. The Y. M. 
C. A. is helping thousands of young men in nearly 
every part of the world. The influence of the asso- 
ciation is felt in nearly every city of importance in the 
civilized countries of the earth. 

But these people neither teach nor attempt to obey 
the whole Gospel. They do not obey half of the New 
Testament commandments. We cannot forbid them; 
they will not follow our way of teaching. We cannot 
instruct them in the way of the Lord more perfectly, 
and what shall we do about it? Here applies what 
Jesus told his apostles—" forbid him not." Give 
them credit for the good they do, and let them and 
the Lord settle the question of not teaching and obey- 
ing the whole Gospel. 

As for us, our duty is clear. We should not only 
obey the complete Gospel, but we should teach it to 
others. We must accept the faith once delivered to 
the saints, and keep the ordinances as they have come 
down to us through the New Testament. While we 
dare not forbid those who teach and obey but half of 
the Gospel, we may do well to commend them for the 
good they do. But it is one thing to commend them 
for the good they do and quite another to encourage 
them in the neglect of many of the plain command- 

The Brethren church has its mission. Its purpose 
is to bring Christian living up to the highest possible 
standard, not in the keeping of the ordinances alone, 
but in the higher life, and in the works of charity. 
In the interest of the neglected we ought to be doing 
just as much as the Salvation Army people, and where- 
we fail to do so, it is just that much to our discredit 

fall into their way of ignoring the ordinances. We 
must be equally careful that we do not throw our in- 
fluence on the side of this neglect. As we look at it, 
the ignoring of the plain commandments handed down 
by Jesus is a very serious affair. The apostles were 
not instructed to follow after the man who declined 
to work with them : they were directed not to inter- 
fere with him. They were not required to give him 
the benefit of their influence, but simply to let him 
take his course, and leave the way open for him to do 
all the good he could in the world. 

This is precisely the relation we should endeavor to 
sustain to the various benevolent and religious move- 
ments. The counsel Gamaliel gave to the Jewish 
senate, though not inspired, may at times prove help- 
ful to us. The hand of God may be in some move- 
ments that we do not fully understand. We can let 
them alone. If they are of God he will direct them. 
1 f not, there is a possibility of their coming to naught. 
But there is one thing about which we can be certain: 
until the end, Jesus will stand by, support and direct 
the faithful who teach the nations to obey him in all 
things that he has commanded. 


WllAi arc they? Are they suggestive for good? 
Should we have them in our homes? To all these ques- 
tions, we affirm. Mottoes are words or sentences that 
suggest certain lines of thought and cause us to think 
along those lines. And thinking is the mainspring of 
all intelligent action. 

Of borne mottoes there is quite a variety, such as: 
"God Bless our Home," "Welcome to our Home," 
" The Peace of God Dwells here," and a large number 
of others. 

In our home, we have, in our library— sanctum, 
the "Lord's Prayer." In the kitchen, "God bless 
our Home." ami in the dining room. " Christ is the 
Head <>f ibis House, the Unseen Gucsl at every meal 
the Silent Listener In every Conversation." These 
mottoes should be placed in a conspicuous place in 
each room, where they can be readily seen by all the 
members of the family. As the frequent seeing of 
them is the secret of the impressions made. 

The one special thought that should be impressed 
on every mind and heart of the home is the presence 
of Christ. He should be the expected guest, because 
he is the promised guest—" I am with you alway." 
And lor every member of the home, from the chil- 
dren up, to feel that Christ is always present, is a won- 
derful influence and power for good. 

The force of all mottoes is attention. Every time 
our eyes fall upon the motto our attention to the sub- 
ject we wish lo think about is elicited; and attention 
repeated causes impressions to be made. 

Did you ever notice beer and ale signs in saloon 
windows? They are the saloon-keepers' mottoes. 
They catch the eye of the passers-by and if he has 
already developed a taste for the drink, the motto 
calls bis attention to the drinks. Impressions are 
made. He thinks about it; and the oftener he sees, 
the more he thinks, the stronger grows his desire to 
partake and indulge. And the result is, a habit is 
formed. Other things are largely lost sight of, and 
to do this one thing becomes the mania of his life. He 
excuses the wrong because he doesn't have the moral 
force to resist. As wrong mottoes lead the life into 
the ways of wrong and danger, so good mottoes lead 
into the way of right. 

But let us for a while look at our dining room mot- 
to, and see its tendencies. " Christ is the Head of this 
House." This, in the first place, assumes that the 
indwellers are Christ's. And we hope the assump- 
tion is a correct one. If so, Christ being the head 

of every child of his, he is rightly the head of all such 
We ought to be able to reach the young men and the bouses and homes, 
voung women of the land, not just the way some others 

are endeavoring to reach them, but in a higher and 
a better way. 

While letting others alone in their methods of help- 
ing humanity, we need to be careful that we do not 

This truth we not only want to believe, but we want 
it so impressed upon our minds that, to us. it becomes 
a blessed reality. 

Every time we see these words our attention is called 
to the fact, we think about it. And the repeated see- 




ing gives the impress, and the habit of thinking Christ 
to be our head is established. 

" The Unseen Guest at every Meal." What does 
seeing this do for us ? It may do for us what the sym- 
bols of his body and blood do. Remember his promise 
and feel his presence. And then, what? If we could 
have Christ present at our table, how would we feel ? 
What would we say? What would we do? If we can 
believe this great truth ourselves, have our children, 
and all who eat with us believe it, what effect will it 
have on our table manners, our talk and our eating? 
Think a moment. How do we act when strangers are 
with us? Our pleasure is their pleasure. We make 
ourselves as agreeable and entertaining as possible, 
and are careful that we do nothing that will show 
bad breeding on our part or, in any way, mar their 
pleasure. " Christ, the Unseen Guest at every Meal " 
—so our motto tells us. We are reminded of this, 
and we should be very careful not to mar his pleasure 
as our guest. 

" The Silent Listener to every Conversation." We 
all know this to be true. But we forget it, because as 
a truth, it is not impressed upon our minds. It is 
not a fixed feeling in our hearts. We want our at- 
tention called to it not only once, occasionally, but 
frequently. In our motto, three times a day, the truth 
is repeated into our eyes. Our attention is called to 
it as often as our physical wants call us to our meals. 
Eating three meals a day becomes a habit. Can we 
not, as well, form the habit of feeling that Christ is 
a guest with us at each of our meals? Our motto 
may help us to do so. 

Again, mottoes may be helpful t© us in training and 
teaching our children. The symbolic passovcr was 
to be used in the homes of Israel for this purpose. 
When their children would see the passover service 
they would ask : " What do these things mean? " 
Teach them. " Welcome to this Home." Children 
will ask, " What does it mean ? " Teach them. 
" Peace be in this Home." Children will ask, " What 
does it mean? " Teach them. t-t. b. b. 


However much we may depend upon printed matter 
for the diffusion of knowledge, we can never dispense 
with the public speaker. The living voice comes in 
touch with the heart through the instrumentality of 
the living ear. The importance of a well trained 
voice should not be overlooked. A minister may know 
much, and know it well, but if he has not a good voice 
he cannot reach the masses effectively. ■ 

Regarding the importance of the study of -elocution 
by ministers, the editor of the Homiletic Review wrote 
to a number of clergymen who have, to a large degree, 
mastered the art of public speaking. Their replies are 
published in the issue for November. From some of 
the letters published we glean for the benefit of several 
thousand of the Messenger readers. Here are two ex- 
tracts from what C. H. Beale, of Milwaukee, Wis., 
wrote : 

"So much of instruction in elocution as will give one 
a thorough training in the art of breathing, voice produc- 
tion and control, and in the principles of interpretation 
and expression, is of the highest value to the preacher. 
Most throat difficulties are the result of improper breath- 
ing and faulty use of the vocal organs. These difficulties, 
together with slipshod habits of reading and speaking 
which so often mar the work of the preacher, may be 
prevented or corrected by patient and persevering effort 
under the direction of a wise teacher of elocution. In 
this way the effectiveness of one's delivery may be in- 
creased many fold, and one is never too old to learn." 

" Personally I have received more help from wise sug- 
gestions than from formal instruction. The art of ex- 
pression is one to be acquired by unremitting attention 
and patient endeavor, by the training of the ear as well 
as the voice, rather than something to be learned from 
a teacher." 

H. C. Hayden, of Cleveland, Ohio, is very out- 
spoken in his idea of the benefits to be derived from 
the study of elocution : 

"I am personally indebted more than I can well tell to a 
man who taught me to use my voice and to work the 

abdominal muscles in that use; to expand my chest and 
have control of that expansion in speaking. The rest 
has come from trying to have something to say and throw- 
ing myself into it.' 

Joseph K. Mason, of Chicago, thinks that speaking 
is a part of the preacher's trade, and that he should 
study to understand it : 

" I regard elocution as an invaluable aid to the average 
preacher. The preacher is a public speaker and he must 
understand the laws of effective address or he will fail 
to interest his hearers and will greatly injure his own 
health in due time. 'Minister's sore throat' is simply 
nature's way of saying: ' You are ignorant of the true 
method of using the voice.' Study. Learn your trade." 

We give a second extract from Mr. Mason's letter : 

"Personally I have received great benefit from the 
study of elocution. First, in a knowledge of the right 
use of the voice and of the body in speaking. Secondly, 
in a careful and methodical analysis of the Scripture or 
hymn or sermon that I was to read. Thirdly, in the art 
of expression." 

A minister should talk so that he can be heard, 
and he who has a good voice can do that. On this 
point Frederick A. Hinckley of Philadelphia says : 

" I have never ceased to be thankful for a teacher of 
elocution I had in my high school days. By elocution I 
do not mean pretentious and pompous recitation, but an 
intelligent use of the vocal organs in good, plain, distinct 
speaking, so that the bearer can give his attention to the 
subject-matter and not exhaust himself in catching 

We give one more extract, this time from Joseph 
Dunn Burrell, who preaches in Brooklyn; 

" It is, in my judgment, of the utmost importance to 
the preacher to have a practical knowledge of the art 
of elocution. Many a first-class man, intellectually, is de- 
feated as a prophet of the truth because he does not un- 
derstand the mechanics of the voice. To know is one 
thing, to deliver knowledge effectively is quite another. 
At the same time it seems to me the ministry would do 
well to steer clear of much of the rhetorical art of the 
average teacher of elocution." 

Mr. Burrill is right in saying that " Many a first- 
class man, intellectually, is defeated as a prophet of 
the truth because he does not understand the mechanics 
of the voice." He may have good voice power, but 
having no training he cannot .use it to advantage. 
John the Baptist must have possessed a wonderful 
voice. No man could have emptied cities and peopled 
desert places as he did without a tremendous voice 

Ministers who have not been permitted to enjoy a 
course of voice training may do much in the way of 
improving their own voice and delivery by studying 
the successful methods of others. They should not 
attempt to imitate others, but they may study their 
methods, then study themselves and apply the methods 
for their own improvement. A strong well-trained 
voice, backed by a thoroughly trained brain and heart, 
is of immense value to any man who wants to carry 
conviction to the hearts of the people. 


are not likely to agree to a policy so rigid as that 
announced by the clergy of the Trinity church, but 
they ought to come to the gospel standard at least, and 
agree to recognize no divorce that is granted for any 
other cause save that of fornication. 

Next to the liquor traffic the divorce evil is becoming 
especially alarming. In some localities it is becoming 
appalling. For every ten marriages there is at least 
one divorce. Not only so, but the rate is increasing. 
One can hardly pick up a secular paper without see- 
ing something about the divorce suits. When is the 
evil to end? Not until all the ministers of this country 
take their stand against the growing sin. 

There is not preaching enough against this sin. 
There may be preachers who have been in the pulpit 
for twenty years, and yet have never preached a sermon 
against the sin of fornication, adultery and the divorce 
evil. Thousands of church members never heard even 
a few brief remarks from the pulpit on these moral 
sins. The apostles preached on questions of this sort, 
and they wrote about them. No man can preach the 
whole Gospel without denouncing these along with 
other sins. 


It has been announced by the clergy of the Trinity 
church, New York, that under no circumstances will 
divorced persons be married by any of the clergy of 
that Episcopal parish, nor will such marriages be per- 
mitted either in the church at Wall street and Broad- 
way or in any of the parish's eight chapels. The lan- 
guage is: "We will not solemnize holy matrimony 
in any case in which either party has a husband or wife 
living, who has been divorced for any cause arising 
subsequent to marriage; and it is hereby announced 
that the marriage of any person so divorced may not 
take place in Trinity church or in any of the chapels of 
this parish." So that in none of these churches can 
the innocent party to a divorce obtain a parent for 
the children during the lifetime of the guilty party. 
The position taken by the Trinity clergy emphasizes 
that held by a large party in the Protestant Episcopal 
church. If all the ministers in this country can be in- 
duced to adopt strict measures against the growing 
divorce evil, we may look for a decided reform. They 

Some of our good sisters, who happen to be first- 
class cooks, could make it a great deal better for both 
themselves and the preachers, who visit from house 
to house while engaged in a revival meeting, if they 
could only be persuaded to take a little fatherly advice. 
A certain minister, whose service in a protracted meet- 
ing is in much demand, said he could stand the preach- 
ing a great deal better than the big dinners. In a 
certain meeting, in a well-to-do congregation, it 'was 
planned for him to take dinner with some family each 
day. This brought him in touch with the different 
families, which was a wise thing to do, but as is cus- 
tomary when the preacher comes, each family arranged 
for chicken for dinner. The man found a loaded 
table wherever he went, and if he did not eat heartily 
it looked as though there might be something wrong. 
The kind-hearted sisters spent as much time preparing 
fine dinners as the minister spent in the preparation of 
his sermons. When the man got through with his 
meetings his stomach was in a far worse condition 
than his brain. But this is the way it goes the country 
over. The preacher is sent for to convert the sinners, 
and by the time he gets through with the richly pre- 
pared meals he is so near sick in consequence of the 
highly seasoned food that he has to go home and have 
his sensible wife doctor him up on plain, simple nour- 
ishment. Why cannot all our sisters learn to prepare 
plain, healthful meals for the preacher engaged in 
a revival meeting? He does not need much, and that 
should be simple, plain, everyday food. Leave most 
of the chicken, all of the sweetcakes and highly sea- 
soned pies for the hired man who by hard work can ov- 
ercome the evil results. Do not try to show the 
preacher how much you can crowd on to the table, 
but show him what a simple repast can be arranged 
by the use of only a few well-prepared dishes. If the 
minister understands his business he cares more for 
your spiritual growth than he does for your big dinner. 


It is no small discovery, says the editor of the In- 
dependent, now given to the world by Messrs. Grenfel 
and Hunt, of perhaps the oldest known manuscript 
fragment of the New Testament, found on papyrus in 
Egypt. It contains some five chapters of Hebrews, 
and is assigned to the early part of the fourth century. 
It agrees quite closely with the famous Vatican Manu- 
script, B. Nearly all variations between manuscripts 
are minute ; and one of these is of interest in Heb. 1 1 : 
4, where our Greek manuscripts give us : " God bear- 
ing witness in respect of his gifts." Westcott, guided 
by a quotation from Clement of Alexandria, conjec- 
tured that it should read, " God bearing witness to 
him in respect of the gifts"; and so it reads in this 
papyrus, the only manuscript authority for it. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 7, 1905. 

General Missionary and Tract Department 





- Illinois 1 H. C. Early, 
Indiana j A. B. Barnhart, 
Iohn Zuck. Iowa. 

Address all business to 
Missionary and Tract Committee, Elfin 




The Catholics have been very zealous in mission work 
in foreign lands, often leading other churches and for years 
being the only religious teachers in remote parts of the 
world. Perhaps no people could be found who are more 
in favor of foreign missions and do more for them. Yet 
not long ago one of their priests said in Chicago: "In 
your eagerness to contribute to the cause of foreign mis- 
sions do not forget the equal need of missions in Chicago. 
Religious truth cannot be hoarded up like money. It 
belongs to the whole human race. It is not for nothing 
that we are placed in this great city. . . . There arc 
tremendous forces in human nature which threaten the 
existence of society, and when masses of human beings 
have no other fear than that of the police and patrol 
wagon, then anything is possible if only the opportunity 
is present. If man's passions be unchecked, uncurbed, 
by a belief in God, then an endeavor to reconstruct so- 
ciety amid scenes of violence is only a question of time. 
We are often asked to help the cause of foreign missions, 
but let us not forget our own brother at our door. He 
is just as capable of enjoying the truth as we are. As 
yet he is without it." 

Awd his being without the truth is the great reason 
for his debased condition. Men who have the truth do 
not spend their leisure time on the streets, in gambling 
dens, saloons- and brothels; and women do not either. 
The large number of men and women who are living in 
vice and crime is the greatest danger Christian people 
have to meet and overcome. There can be no running 
away from it, for that would be abandoning the field to 
Satan and his followers. The danger is here, and it be- 
comes greater as professing Christians live less the Christ 
life and become more like the world, following new the- 
ories and doctrines even when they are contrary to the 
Word of God. It takes true, vital piety to meet the devil's 
emissaries and overcome them in open fight. But that is 
the only way in which it is possible to gain a real victory 
over sin. The Christ will be with every loyal one who 
enters the fight. 

It is to be feared that we have too little conception of 
the filth and want and vice and sin in which many are 
living who were created in the image of God and whose 
souls are as precious in his sight as our own, each one 
being worth more than ail the world. If we could make 
a few trips with some of our missionaries in the city, 
and see what they see and hear what they hear, our in- 
terest would be greater. We should realize then that to 
seek and save these lost ones is the Lord's work, our 
business as his servants, and that it demands haste. *lS 
said above, men must have some better reason for refrain- 
ing from evil than fear of the police and the law. For 
when men fear only these they are waiting for opportuni- 
ties to commit crimes without number when this fear is 
temporarily removed. And the larger the number of such 
citizens a city has, the greater is its need of the light 
which Christ brought from heaven. 

We would not have you give less or pray less for the 
foreign mission, but more for the city mission. Christ 
died for the vilest sinner. The woman taken in adultery 
found mercy and was told to sin no more; an abandoned 
woman washed his feet with her tears and had her sins 
forgiven; the thief on the cross received the promise of 
paradise. There are many such in the city, and the power 
which made Mary Magdalene so faithful centuries ago 
is no less to-day than it was then— and there are many 
Marys to whom it would bring peace and forgiveness 
and hope of heaven. Corinth was a very wicked city, 
but the Lord had much people in it. And so it is in the 
wicked cities to-day if his people will but speak and work 

, , ■ G. M. 

[or h,m - « *> « 


Lord.' It is for the Christian world to say how long this 
condition shall be allowed to continue. 

1. The Moslem idea of God and of Jesus Christ is de- 
fective, distorted and degrading. 'There is no deity but 
Allah. To study his character you must read Palgrave. 
Absolute sovereignty, ruthless omnipotence and caprice 
are his attributes. Hell must be filled, the Koran says, 
and so Allah creates infidels. Allah is not bound by any 
standard of justice. Yet wc are told that " Islam is the 
handmaid of Christianity." Here is a summary of what 
orthodox Moslems believe concerning the Christ: He 
was miraculously born of the Virgin Mary; performed 
puerile miracles; was an opostle of God strengthened by 
the Holy Spirit, i. e., Gabriel; he foretold the advent of 
Mohammed as Paraclete; the Jews intended to crucify 
him, but God deceived them and Judas was slain in his 
stead. He is now in one of the inferior stages of ce- 
lestial bliss; he will come again at the last day, will slay 
Antichrist, kill all swine, break the cross, and remove 
the poll-tax from the infidels. He will reign justly for 
forty-five years, marry and have children, and be buried in 
a grave ready for him at Medina, next to Mohammed. 
What a caricature! 

Islam denies the incarnation and the atonement. With 
all the good names and titles it gives our Savior, Islam 
only proves itself the Judas Iscariot among false religions 
by betraying the Son of Man with a kiss. To the Moslem 
Christ is neither a priest nor a king. 

2. The Moslem ideal of character and its result. Every 
religion has its ideals and seldom rises above them. All 
pious Moslems consider their prophet as the ideal of per- 
fection and the model of conduct. To be perfect is to be 
like Mohammed. The awful sin and guilt of the Mo- 
hammedan world is that it gives Christ's glory to another. 
All the prophets that came before are subplanted. In 
the Koran Mohammed is human; tradition has made him 
sinless and almost divine. He is called Light of God, 
Peace of the World, and First of all Creatures. What his- 
tory calls the faults of Mohammed's character Moslems 
consider his perfections or privileges, e. g 
cruelty toward his enemies, and treachery, 
genius, reformer who was ambitious, ignorant, supersti- 
tious, and sensual, and who did not scruple to break every 
precept of the moral law, has become the ideal of character 
in a great world-religion. Could any fact be more pitiful 
when we think of the young men in Moslem lands? 
A stream cannot rise' higher than its source. Except 
for Christian influences, slavery would exist in all Moslem 
lands. Polygamy, concubinage, and divorce are common. 
The millions of Shiah Moslems add to these the abomina- 
tion of "temporary marriages." based on the teaching 
of the Koran. The conscience is petrified. Fatalism has 
paralyzed progress. Injustice is stoically accepted. No 
man bears another's burden and there is no public spirit. 
Lying is a fine art in Persia and robbery a science in 
Arabia. Treachery and murder are the steps to petty 
thrones in free Arabia, and in Turkey justice is sold to the 
highest bidder. " By their fruits ye shall know them." 
Islam has been tried in Arabia— unadulterated and unin- 
terruptedly—for thirteen centuries, and has piteously failed. 
Is it not time to give the Gospel a chance? 

3. The Spirit of God moves upon the waters, although 
darkness still covers the deep. Educated Moslems in India 
are trying to whitewash their prophet and his book by 
a species of higher criticism. Two learned Mohamme- 
dans there prepared a commentary on the Bible from a 
Moslem standpoint. At Lahore they are printing paro- 
dies of Christian songs for spiritual food. The increase 
of Bible circulation in all Moslem lands is astonishing. 
The word of God has been translated into nearly every 
Moslem tongue, so that while the Arabic Koran is a 
sealed book to millions, the Bible speaks the language 
of the home aifd the market. The press of India and 
Egypt testify that Islam is on the defense ev< 
The Moslem apologist has abandoned positions, 
the last decade, which were once thought impregnable. 
There is thirst for spiritual truth— witness the growth of 
the Babi-movement and the New Islam in India. Mos- 
lems are beginning to sec that in religion, as in mathe- 
matics, there is only one straight line between t%vo points, 
all other lines are crooked. Jesus Christ is the only way 
of salvation between a holy God and a helpless sin- 

If you believe that, come and help conquer the Mo- 
hammedan world for Christ. There are deserters coming 
in every day from the enemy's camp, and we are looking 
forward to their unconditional surrender if re-enforce- 
ments do not fail us. 

standpoint of a Hindu, but a Hindu who from wide 
travel and a careful study of the Christian scriptures has 
modified his point of view. His praise of the Christ, 
his eulogy of Christians and Christian lands, is high, and 
he answers those who reject Christ because of the failings 
of his so-called followers by flinging back upon them their 
own question!, and asks if all Hindus are worthy. We 
can with difficulty perhaps at times recognize our Christ in 
the picture of him given at the beginning of the book, and 
wc cannot follow the writer in the claims he makes, based 
it seems to us upon financial grounds, as to what India has 
done for his development, but many noble words are ut- 
tered in the course of the lecture upon Christ and the 
Bible which we rejoice to hear. We may not as mission- 
aries be able to look upon the conversion of the high 
castes as so essential to the spread of Christianity in 
India, remembering as we do that it was not so at the be- 
ginning, nor ever has been, that many mighty have been 
called, but we rejoice to hear this voice among them 
holding up the Perfect One to the view of the high castes, 
and urging upon them with eloquence the study of our 
scriptures as of first necessity. Wc are glad to note that 
the writer acknowledges— although he has scarcely 
any good word to say of Native Christians in general — that 
" the religion of Christ has marvelously elevated the lower 
class of people and humanized them to a great extent." 
Swami Dharmananda Mahavarati is an authority among 
Hindus; he tells us much in this little volume which may 
be made of use to missionaries in dealing with Hindus and 
Mohammedans. It is profitable for us to look at these 
things from the standpoint of a Hindu, and we advise 
those who have to do with these classes to read this 
little book.— The Indian Witness. 

An Arabian 

n now. 

<8> ' 



Some time ago a writer in the Intercollegian made a plea 
for the Mohammedan world. Many people in the world 
know no religion but that of Mohammed; and that is little, 
if any, better than no religion at all. The article gives 
but a bare outline of conditions; yet it is full enough to 
show that there is need of help which can come only 
through the Gospel brought to earth by Jesus Christ the 

"The Yogi and His Message." is a small pamphlet of 
60 pagcs.'eontaining two lectures by Swami Dharmananda 
Mahavarati, one of which was delivered at the U. P. 
Mission Church at Ajmere, and the other at the Oxford 
Mission Hostel Hall. Calcutta. The Swami addresses him- 
self to Hindus and Mohammedans, and speaks from the 

«> «> «• 


Nothing can better illustrate the peculiar quality of the 
elusive Turkish mind than the recent edict prohibiting the 
sale of the Bible in Turkey, and what does the reader 
imagine the cause of the edict to be? Well, it is not at 
all for religious reasons, but because the Bible makes 
mention of Macedonia and Armenia, Turkey thinks it is 
being used for the purposes of a political propaganda. 
Several years ago publications of every kind containing 
these names, including maps, began to be seized in the 
Turkish custom houses. The notion was that they stimu- 
lated the idea of nationality in those parts of the empire. 
Officially the names of Macedonia and Armenia arc not 
known and have no existence in Turkey, any more than 
Bulgaria or Servia had before the insurrections and wars 
that gave them their freedom. These were officially de- 
scribed as the Vilayet of the Danube and the Pachalik of 
Belgrade at the periods when their inhabitants rose 
against the Turkish yoke. To the mind of the Turkish 
ruler the adoption of a national title is equivalent to a 
revolt and in such a queer way is the web of this fancy 
woven into the Turkish ruler's brain that it is a fact that 
in the early part of the uprising that resulted in Bulgarian 
independence, numbers of young Bulgarian students were 
arrested with slips of paper in their possession on which 
was written a line from the well-known hymn, " Shall we 
gather at the river?" When the harmlessncss of these 
words was pointed out in the chief of the Turkish police, 
that official admitted that they might not have any special 
meaning, but he said: "We know the river; it is the 
Maritza"; and actually it was in the valley of that river 
and the Tundja that the insurrection of 1876 first broke out. 
So, too, when in the eighties, the Armenian uprising oc- 
curred, similar lines were discovered in possession of the 
sludciits: even the injunction, "Repent ye, for the King- 
dom of Heaven is at hand," was interpreted as a Revolu- 
tionary pass word, and prompt action for its suppression 
was taken, and now we see another phase of the same 
thing: Paul's natural vision of a man from Macedonia 
holding out his hands and calling upon him to "come 
over and help us," being reprinted again, showed up the 
officials, and the most stringent measures were taken for 
suppressing it. 

But the issue raised by the Turks, we are glad to 
know has been met, the British Government Has instruct- 
ed its' Ambassador to compel the Porte to allow the sales 
of Bibles in Macedonia. It is thought by some that there 
is some connection between this incident and the strained 
relations that have lately sprung up between the British 
and Turkish Governments over the nomination by the 
British Indian Government of a diplomatic agent at 
Kowcit, on the Persian Gulf, in infringement of the Anglo- 
Turkish convention for the maintenance of the status quo 
there; and also difficulties that have arisen in connec- 
tion with the delimitation by the British of the new 
frontier of the Aden Protectorate. Be that as it may. 
however there are not wanting indications that public 
sentiment is developing so rapidly that the time is not 
distant when the Turkish Provinces will be reorganized 
and the federated States of the East will become a reality 
instead of the dream that it is at the present time. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 7, 1905. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

"As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news Iron) a (ar country." 

St Francis. — We met in council Dec. 24. We reor- 
ganized Sunday school; Bro. Luke Burnett superintendent, 
D. L. Burns assistant. Bro. H. J. Lilly, of Lonoke, was 
chosen as elder in the absence of Eld. J. H. Neher. 
Dec. 25 we celebrated the birthday of our Savior with 
songs of praise and prayer of thanksgiving. At 11 A. 
M. Bro. Wilson Price preached to us an interesting dis- 
course; afterwards J. H. Neher spoke to an attentive 
congregation for several minutes. After meeting closed 
tables were arranged and we all ate together. After din- 
ner we spent quite a little while in song service. Sunday 
night after prayer meeting Eld. J. H. Neher spoke his 
farewell address which caused the hearts of all present 
to overflow with sadness. — D. L. Burns, Palestine, Ark., 
Dec. 27. 

Bangor.— Agreeable to arrangements of the Mission 
Board of California and Arizona, we went to Bangor in 
Butte county, about eighty miles north of Sacramento, 
commenced preaching Dec. 13. and continued until the 
27th. The rains were somewhat against us. Six were 
added by letter and five by confession. Four of them were 
baptized, and one of them is to be baptized next Sunday. 
Our communion was on Christmas eve. Seventeen com- 
muned. This little band of earnest believers now number 
twenty, eighteen living near together. Any one having 
any throat or lung trouble would find this a health resort. 
Mountain farms, fenced, with fruit and buildings on, can 
be bought from five to forty dollars per acre. Information 
can be had by corresponding with Sister Alice Myers, 
Bangor, Cat— H. R. Taylor, Lordsburg, Cal., Dec. 28. 

Glendora.— Bro. B. F. Masterson of Inglewood, Cal., 
came to the Glendora church and began a Bible school 
on the evening of Dec. 11, which continued two weeks 
with good attendance and interest. Bro. Masterson la- 
bored earnestly and we feel much good has been done. 
Wc found it a good way to spend some of our winter 
evenings in the study of God's Word. In reorganizing 
our Sunday school for the next year, Bro. Peter F. Fes- 
ler was elected as our superintendent.— Edith Trostle 
Glendora. Cal., Dec. 28. 

Los Angeles. — This church met in regular council Dec. 
23, with Eld. P. S. Myers presiding. Bro. C. W. Guthrie, 
who is chairman of the committee for the new mission, 
reports everything going nicely. The dedication is to be 
Jan. 1, 1905, at eleven o'clock, Eld. P. S. Myers officiat- 
ing, to be followed by a series of meetings conducted 
by Bro. Wm. H. Wertenbaker, who has charge of the new 
mission. It being the regular time for the election of of- 
ficers, Bro. Levi Hosfeldt was elected clerk. Bro. J. D. 
Buckwalter is to continue as treasurer. Bro. J. H. Cline 
was reelected Sunday-school superintendent and Bro. 
H. E. Trout, assistant superintendent. Our Sunday 
school has been very good indeed. The month of De- 
cember has been the best in attendance and contribu- 
tion for the past three years. The Sunday school de- 
cided to have a giving exercise at Christmas and all 
of the scholars were instructed to bring something and 
the gifts were turned over to the Los Angeles Orphans' 
-- amounted to about $50.— H. E. 
Avenue, Los Angeles, Cal., 

Our Missionary Reading Circle now numbers 35, with in- 
teresting meetings. — Etta Arnold Eckerle, Lanark, 111., 
Dec. 30. 

Rockford. — The members, friends and children spent a 
most enjoyable and pleasant day Christmas. Tire day 
was a pleasant one. We met in Sunday school at 10 A. 
M-, after which the school was called together and the 
children treated to candy and popcorn, which created a 
cheerful smile on their faces. At 11 A. M. we were per- 
mitted to listen to a very practical discourse by Bro. J. 
E. Miller, of Mt. Morris. At 6 P. M. we met again for 
communion service, which was a feast indeed to our souls, 
long to be remembered. Eighteen membefs communed. 
Those from abroad were Sister C. Tempie Sauble, of Chi- 
cago, Bro. A. Kreps, of North Dakota, and brethren J. E. 
Miller and E. Trostle, of Mt. Morris. The latter officiated. 
At the close of the services, Bro. Jacob Murray, who has 
been afflicted some months, was anointed. Thus our 
Christmas day closed. — Henry J. Neff, Rockford, 111., Dec. 

Rock River congregation met in quarterly council Dec. 
17, Bro. Cyrus Suter presiding. All business was pleas- 
antly disposed of. Three letters of membership were 
granted. Bro. P. R. Keltner of Sterling, 111., was with 
us at the services of forwarding Brethren Clarence Lah- 
mau and Oliver Buck to the second degree of the min- 
istry. There was also a reorganization of our Sunday 
school, which seems to be growing in interest. We are 
anticipating a series of meetings in the near future, to 
be conducted by Bro. J. H. Lear. The fields are white 
for the harvest and we hope that many sheaves may be 
gathered.— Lulu Trostle, Franklin Grove, III., Dec. 31. 

Shannon church met for services on Thanksgiving day. 
We took a collection for missions, which amounted to 
$57.70. It -was decided that the tracts that we would be en- 
titled to, the Mission Board should send to the different 
points where they thought they would do the most good. 
The Shannon church met the day before Christmas 
in council. Wc had an election of Sunday-school officers 
nd planned some in regard to the district meeting to be 
ng spring,— F. G. McNutt, Shannon, 

held with us the co: 
111., Dec. 27. 

Home. The donations 
Trout. 300 S. East Lake 
Dec. 28. 

Denver church met in council Dec. 26, our elder L F 
Love, presiding, assisted by I. H. Crist and Bro. Larick. 
Our Thanksgiving offering was $3.17. We decided half 
was to buy hymn books and half to our missionary Bro 
Crist has been preaching for us two weeks. After our 
council wc had our Sunday-school entertainment for the 

C £ ItornAL ^? m t ed to en ' } °y themselves.— Ina M. 
Stotts, 2604 W. 9th Ave., Denver, Colo., Dec. 27. 


-Z ei ? Cr "M DeC - % the Weiser church met in "8«lar 

90S ; . <Ta C V S , We £ eleCted for the church for 
1905 and Sunday-school officers for the first six months 
ot the year. The old officers were nearly all re-elected 
As our little church had but one deacon, and there being 
a unanimous call for another, we held an election the 

h 1 s OI om^ ,ng N B f a E - W i P £ att He Was du * -stalled in 
his office. Not a word of dissatisfaction was heard 
throughout our meeting, and I think we all felt we re- 
ceived a great blessing in meeting together in Christian 
loxe and union, to do the work for our Master Dec 25 
instead of having our Sunday school, we had a Christmas 
program by the school.. All songs and pieces spoken v ™e 
■IJ: 0m r mi , tte f'. that . a ! l .. nii eht be in harmony 

amined by the 

Hickerson.— By a little prearrangement we had a pleas- 
ant Christmas meeting for the Brethren who recently 
settled in Coffee county, Tennessee, at the Rutledge 
Falls (Missionary Baptist) church on Christmas afternoon. 
There were five visiting brethren, including the writer, and 
with the members already here there were fifteen 
members and eight other children not yet mem- 
bers. The day was delightful, the house comfortable with- 
out fire and with doors and windows open. A small 
number of the neighbors also attended. To all of them 
it was the first meeting of the Brethren that they at- 
tended. In the evening at the home of Bro. J. H. Neff, 
at Hickerson Station, a Brethren's Sunday school was 
organized, with Bro. C. W. Caylor superintendent. We 
took leave of the dear brethren and sisters here Dec. 
26. They are anxious that other Northern Brethren, who 
desire to avoid the rigors of winter, locate among them. 
—Howard H. Keim, Ladoga, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Land essville.— Bro. J. D. Mishler, of Collamer, Ind., 
came to this place Dec. 9, to assist in a series of meet- 
ings, closing on Christmas night. Members were greatly 
encouraged. Two have said they were willing to be obedi- 
ent children to their Savior in the near future —Mary C 
Baker, Landess, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Laporte.— Dec. 23 we closed an interesting series of 
meetings at the Ross churchhouse, which commenced 
Dec. 12, conducted by Bro. Samuel J. Burger, of Brighton, 
Ind. We met each evening at 6:30 for song service; 
preaching at 7. Bro. Burger preached thirteen sermons. 
The attendance was good. There was sickness in some of 
the members' families and also meetings were being held 
by other denominations at the same time not so very far 
away. Those who could attend were much encouraged. Our 
Sunday school is progressing nicely.— Rachel C. Merchant, 
R. R. No. 9, Laporte, Ind., Dec. 24. 

Mt. Pleasant church met in council Dec. 1. There 
was a good attendance and a Christian spirit prevailed 
throughout the meeting. Our Sunday school continues for 
the coming year with no changes. Bro. Isaac Huffman is 
superintendent. Sister E. Rowena Stoner was given the 
agency for the Brethren publications.— Mary C Stoner 
Mt. Pleasant, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Nettle Creek.— Bro. Filbrun, of Ohio, came to us Dec. 
10 and preached twenty-seven well-prepared sermons, in- 
cluding one children's meeting. We feel there were many 
lasting impressions made. The membership was greatly 
built up.— Charles W. Miller, R. R. No. 1, New Lisbon 
Ind.. Dec. 27. 

Cerrogordo.— Our 
Bro. Wm. Lampin was with 
untiring zeal and earnestness 

and h*T f '^ Church ' si * teen s °»Is 
and baptized, and one restored. Othei 
; but our brothei 

Idaho, Dec. 28. 

vival service is now in the past. 

three weeks and by his 

coupled with the prayers 

were converted 

dav «,„ t ", ^ rCBret of ""■ ° n Thanksgiving 

coltoion of "sll" lv f 'IT'" T 1" ro P' ! * -Si 

Lanark.— Our church met in council Dec 29 1-30 P M 

gs in February with the cooperation of the mem- 
bers in general, and the probable assistance of neighbor- 
ing ministering brethren. We can use some more do- 
nations of clothing for the poor at this place.— John E 
Mohler, Des Moines, fowa, Dec. 3. 

English River.— Our Sunday school was reorganized 
on Christmas morning for six months. The officers are 
brethren Homer Wenger and W. D. Grove superintend- 
ents, with a full corps of officers and teachers. Our 
schools seem to be the most interesting through the 
winter months. We had two discourses by our home 
ministers on Christmas day that were appropriate We 
have again opened our annual Bible school, conducted by 
home talent, with prospects of it being both interesting 
and and profitable,— Peter Brower, South English, fowa 
l-)ec. 26. 

Maple Valley church held their Thanksgiving services 
with Bro C E. Delp preaching for us. A collection was 
taken, which amounted to $6.60 which was given to some 
worthy ones at home. Dec. 3 we held our council meeting 
our elder. Bro. Jesse Rolston, being present. Five church 
letters were received and one granted. We also reorgan- 

ized our Sunday school, with Bro. John Fonts superin- 
tendent, and Bro. Wm. Royer assistant. Dec. 11 we began 
a series of meetings, which closed Dec. 25, conducted by 
our home minister, Bro. Delp. The weather and the at- 
tendance were good. Bro. Delp preached eighteen soul- 
cheering sermohs. Although there were no accessions to 
the church; the members fee] much encouraged aild 
strengthened.— Alma C. Royer, Aurelia, Iowa, Dec. 29. 

Pleasant Prairie congregation held their fall love feast 
Nov. 24. One soul was buried with Christ in baptism and 
partook of the feast. Bro. Jesse Rolston was our only 
visitor, and he presided. Dec. 3 we met in council. Two 
letters were granted. Bro. H. F. Maust, our elder, pre- 
sided.— Ella Brunskill, Ireton, Iowa, Dec. 26. 

Lone Tree congregation met in council Dec 24. Out- 
elder, J. Q. Goughnour, presided. The work that came 
before us passed off very pleasantly. We feel that we 
have been spiritually strengthened. Eld. J. Q. Goughnout 
remained with us over Sunday and gave us two highly 
appreciated sermons.— Louisa Laurence, R. F. D No 
1. Iowa City, Iowa. Dec. 28. 


Altamont church convened in couhcil Dec. 24. Oft the 
above date Bro. Chas. Miller, of Walnut, Kans., came to 
us and is now holding a protracted meeting here. He has 
delivered three interesting discourses. The Sunday-school 
children delivered a program Christmas day afternoon, 
which was very entertaining.—Ncllie Switzencook, Alta- 
mont, Kans., Dec. 26. 

Darlow.— The church is still doing what she can. 
(June a number have left us and gone to seek 
a better country. Sunday school and two preach- 
ing services every Sunday. Bro. Frank Crumpack- 
er, of McPherson, was with us over Christmas. 
He gave us two excellent mission talks. We seldom come 
across -preachers who will decline receiving a recompense 
tor their services. Bro. D. A. Miller, of Missouri, will 
conduct a series of meetings for us, beginning Jan. 8. 
Bro. M. M. Ennis is still in charge of the Old Folks' Home 
About a dozen members abide there. Bro John Wise is 
there for the winter. Active for his age, he helps us much 
in the ministry.— A. F. Miller, Darlow, Kans., Dec. 26. 

Kansas City.— During our three weeks' protracted 
meetings, conducted by Bro. C. H. Brown, four precious 
souls united with the church. The members were much 
strengthened. One of the most encouraging and inspir- 
ing features of the revival effort was the prayer service 
held nearly every afternoon at the homes of members and 
friends who were not permitted to attend the regular serv- 
ices. A number of Bible and social meetings were held in 
the evening before preaching. On Christmas evening 
the Sunday-school children and Christian Workers' to- 
gether had a special program. We expect to continue our 
daily prayer meetings for the success of the work.— Viola 
L. Cline, 340 N. 12th St., Kansas City Kans., Dec. 28. 

Sabetha.— Sunday-school was reorganized Dec. 6, with 
Bro. N. R Fike, superintendent, Bro. S. M. Kreitzer, as- 
sistant and Bro. Milton Bowers, secretary and treasurer. 
M t. S?, tlan Workers ' meeting was organized with Bro. 
M. K. Fike, president. A different leader presides at 
each meeting and we find it works admirably. We met 
Christmas evening with an interesting program for the 
little people. All look an active part. Considering the 
stormy night we enjoyed a good meeting.— Ruth G. Eisen- 
bise, Sabetha, Kans., Dec. 31. 

Parsons.— On Sunday evening. Dec. 25 we enjoyed a 
Christmas program, given by our Sunday-school scholars 
Ina n- «& „ We .?' ere «P™*»y favored by having 
Eld. E. M. Wolfe, wife and son, Leo, with us to assist 
in our singing. After the exercises were concluded, we 
treated the school to candy, oranges and apples It was 
encouraging to the children as well as to the older ones — 
MaBelle Murray, 2522 Stevens Avenue, Parsons, Kans., 
Dec. 28, 


Morrill.— Since our last report, Nov. 24 in the fore- 
noon we had a missionary sermon preached to us, after 
which we took up a collection for the world-wide mis- 
sion fund. In the evening we held our love feast, Bro 
W. H. Byers officiated. Dec. 14. night of prayer meeting 
r"lr P , r , < V C,OUS so "' made application for baptism. Bro' ' 
1- N. Wagoner and Bro. Byers preached several interest- 
ing sermons the remainder of the week. One more was 
made willing to come. On Sunday afternoon the two 
young brethren were received by baptism. The services 
were continued one week longer, Bro. Byers doing the 
preaching. We were encouraged.— J. C. Auker, Morrill, 
Minn., Dec. 26. 


Bowbells church met in special council Dec. 20 Nearly 
all our members were present. Eld. J. A. Weaver con- 
ducted the meeting. A committee of three was appointed 
to purchase the furniture and supplies for our new house 
We will dedicate our new churchhouse Jan 1 Bro 
George Strickler, of Surrey, N. Dak., will conduct the 
meeting, with Bro. J. A. Weaver to assist him.— Peter 
F. Gatilt. R. F. D. No. 2, Bowbells. N. Dak., Dec. 20. 

Rock Lake church met in council Dec. 20 at the Elli- 
son house Elder Albert Sharp presided with the as- 
sistance of Eld. Deal. Business passed off in a Christian- 
like manner. The writer was elected Messenger agent 
and correspondent. Our Sunday school was reorganized 
Sunday, Dec. IS. Brother Early was elected superin- 
tendent: Win Spidel assistant,— Wm. Spidel, Ellison, N. 
Dak,, Dec. 27. 


Beech Grove—Our series of meetings, which com- 
menced Dec. 3, closed Dec. 25. Bro. Sharp preached 
twenty-five sermons and held a children's meeting As a 
result three were baptized. The Sunday-school meeting 
of Dec. 18 was well attended, and full of interest.-Irvin 
Royer, R. R. No. 2, New Madison, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Donnels Creek congregation met in council Dec. 24 
Sunday-school superintendents were elected for the com- 
ing year. For the country house. Sister Delia Peifer 
superintendent and Bro. C. M. Smich assistant. For New 
Carlisle, Sister Laura Credlebaugh and Bro. Chas. Smith 
We are expecting Bro. Samuel Horning, of Brookville' 
Ohio, to begin a series of meetings at the country house 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 7, 1905. 

Jan. 14.— Hettie Barnhart, R. F. D. No. 4, New Carlisle, 
Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Little St. Joe church met in council Dec. 17. Bro. Clem 
Smith and Bro. Albert Andrews were elected as deacons. 
Bro C. Krabill met mith us; he preached two soul-cheer- 
ing sermons.— Harvey E. Smith, R. F. D. No. 4, Antwerp, 
Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Lower Miami. — Our series of meetings, in progress for 
two weeks, came to a close last evening. Eld. David 
Hollinger, of Greenville, Ohio, did the preaching. Sister 
Hollinger aided much in the song service. Some hearts 
were touched and the church is much encouraged. — J. O. 
Garst, R. R. No. 6, Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 25. 

Middle District. — Bro. Jacob Coppock preached for us 
Dec. 25 at 10:30 A. M., and Bro. D. P. Sollenbergcr in 
the evening. Our council meeting will be the second 
Thursday in January, at 10 A. M. Our Sunday school is 
moving along nicety with fair attendance. — Joseph H. 
Stark, R. R. No. 1, Tadmor, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Montpelier. — After arriving home from Missouri, where 
1 spent several weeks in company with Bro. Ira P. Eby, 
seeing the large field he is working in and the great 
need of mission work in the South, I think Bro. Eby is 
the right man in the right place. But the work needs 
many more in the field to fill the calls for preaching. It 
is encouraging to visit Bro. Lemuel Hillery and see the 
effort they are putting forth to build up a church in 
Howel county, Missouri, which I think will be a success. 
— George Mahler, Montpelier, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Notice.— To Northwestern District of Ohio: All money 
pertaining to the India mission fund should be sent to 
D. N. Schubert. Alvada, Ohio, who has been appointed 
successor to John R. Snyder, Bellefontaine, Ohio.— David 
Lytle, Moderator of District Meeting, Deshler, Ohio, Dec. 

Rome. — Bro. W. H. Leaman, of Madison, Kans., closed 
a series of meetings Christmas evening. There were no 
accessions, but some seemed near the kingdom. — Fanny 
Schubert, Alvada, Ohio, Dec. 3. 

Salem.— Our three weeks' series of meetings, conducted 
by the home ministry, has just closed. The members 
were richly fed. One dear soul accepted the great invi- 
tation. We feel the need of more Bible knowledge, and 
on Christmas day it was decided that we have a weekly 
Bible class, to be in charge of Bro. Ezra Flory. Our first 
meeting will be Jan. 7, at the church. — Katie Flory, Union, 
Ohio, Dec. 23. 

Springfield church met in special council Dec. 24, for the 
purpose of hearing the report to be made by the building 
committee in regard to the new churchhouse which has 
been built recently in the village of Kent. The report 
was accepted. It was decided that this building should be 
dedicated Jan. 15, services commencing at 10 A. M. 
standard time, also that a series of meetings immediately 
following should be conducted by the home ministers. — 
Harvey E. Kurtz, R. F. D. No. 10, Mogadore, Ohio, Dec. 

Sugar Hill.— Bro. David Zigler, of Virginia, conducted 
meetings at Sugar Hill from Nov. 5 to 20. His able ser- 
mons received good attention, and three souls united with 
the church.— Jacob Nil], R. R. No. 4, Lewisburg, Ohio, 
Dec. 26. 

Upper Twin (Wheatville House). — Bro. Samuel Smith, 
of Union City, Ind., held a series of meetings well attend- 
ed and appreciated by all. Six were baptized and the 
faith in this part of the Brotherhood was much strength- 
ened.— I. M. Biddinger, R. F. D. No. 1, Camden, Ohio, 
Dec. 26. 


Big Creek church met in council Dec. 15, with our 
elder presiding. We decided to have a series of meetings 
in the near future. We reorganized our Sunday school, 
Bro. Albia Edgecomb superintendent, S. G. Burnett, as- 
sistant. We met for service on Christmas. Our elder 
and Bro. Samuel Edgecomb gave us a good talk. After 
lunch was the children's speaking; then the elder mem- 
bers talked on the subject. — Aimira Burnett, Cushing, 
Okla., Dec. 28. 

Pleasant Plains congregation met in council with Eld. 
Miller presiding. Church officers were elected for the 
coming year, retaining Bro. Miller as elder. Bro. Wil- 
liam Hartman was called to the ministry and Bro. Louis 
Booze to the office of deacon, both with their com- 
panions were installed. We anticipate a series of meet- 
ings in the near future. — Mamie Stookey, Carwile, Okla., 
Dec. 26. 

Waynoka.— Bro. Perry Van Dyke has been with us, and 
held a series of meetings for one week in the Walnut 
Grove schoolhouse. His sermons were very interesting 
and made a good impression among the people. There 
were no additions to the church, but the members were 
spiritually revived. Sister Van Dyke led the singing which 
was very much enjoyed by all. — Margaret Wright, Way- 
noko, Okla., Dec. 28. 


Ashland. — Our series of meetings, to which we looked 
forward with pleasure, have built us up in the Master's 
service. Lacking two days, the meetings lasted three 
weeks. Two were baptized, and one is waiting the rite. 
Saturday evening, Dec. 24, we held our love feast. On ac- 
count of the inclemency of the weather, only thirty-two 
surrounded the tables. Sunday being Christmas Bro. J. S. 
Secrist gave the children a Christmas lesson in place of 
the regular sermon, which we all enjoyed very much. In 
the evening at 6 o'clock the children again assembled for a 
meeting, conducted by Sister Decker. A short time was 
spent in hearing declamations and singing by the children- 
After that Bro. J. S. Secrist delivered his farewell sermon, 
leaving the place Monday morning in company with Bro. 
J. W. Barnett. Making two more short stops along the 
way, they expect to reach their home at Myrtlepoint, 
Oregon, by the last of this week. — Lizzie T. Detweiler, 
Ashland, Oregon, Dec. 27. 


Boucher. — Last night the writer had the pleasure of 
going into the mountain stream and baptizing a man over 
fifty years old. This being my first time to baptize. I 
rejoice that God was my strength. This brother came to 
us through a prayerful search of the Scriptures. He also 

has been a reader of the Gospel Messenger for several 
years.— W. E. Wolford, Boucher, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Ephrata church met in council Dec. 17. Eld. I. W. 
Taylor presided. One was received back into fellowship. 
Two letters were granted. The writer was re-elected 
superintendent of the Sunday school, with Bro. J. M. 
Miller as assistant. — Geo. Weaver. Ephrata, Pa., Dec. 

Fairview. — Bro. Henry Sonon, of East Petersburg, 
closed a very successful series of meetings at this place. 
He was with us from Dec. 10 to Dec. 29, preaching 
twenty-one sermons at the Home. The attendance at our 
services was good. Ten dear souls came out on the 
Lord's side; all are young married people with the excep- 
tion of one. — Henry U. Hummer, R. F. D. No. 5, Man- 
heim. Pa., Dec. 30. 

Falling Spring.— Dec. 10. Bro. Levi S. Mohler, of 
Dillsbury, Pa., commenced a series of meetings at the 
Mt. Zion union house, preaching eighteen able sermons. 
Our meetings being at the one end of the congregation 
our congregations were not large. Three precious souls 
were added to the fold by baptism, all males ranging 
from twenty years up to fifty. — Win. C. Koontz, Shady 
Grove, Pa., Dec. 2S. 

Georges Creek congregation held their council on Dec. 
24. Letters were granted to Sisters Sarah and Magda- 
lene Galley who moved to Blair county last fall. Council 
elected new Sunday-school superintendents; brethren J. 
P. Merrymen and F. F. Durr for Fair View, and brethren 
Samuel C. Johnson and B. B. Ludwick for Uniontown. 
Eld. Jasper Barn t house was elected correspondent for 
Uniontown and Sister Charity A. DeBolt for Fairview. 
Council also elected F. F. Durr president for our Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting. Decided to hold love feast June 
17, and to have a series or meetings before and after the 
feast, to be conducted by Arthur W. Arnold, of Kirby, 
W. Va. Bro. B. B. Ludwick, of Uniontown, Pa., is agent 
for the Messenger. Our collection was one hundred and 
forty-three dollars, including free-will offering and sub- 
scriptions. Eld. Jasper Barnthouse, of Uniontown, was 
with us over Christmas, presiding at the council and 
preaching for us until Sunday evening. He also preached 
the funeral of Sister Mary A. Sterling who was the oldest 
member living in the Georges Creek church. — Charity A. 
DeBolt. Masontown, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Upper Canowago. — Dec. 21 we closed one of the most in- 
teresting series of meetings ever held with us, at the Mum- 
inert house, conducted by Eld. D. C. Flory, from New 
Hope. Va. Dec. 17 an immense throng of people gathered 
by the water side, where a place was prepared for baptism. 
Ice had to be cut open about nine inches thick, where 
twenty-one precious souls were buried by baptism. Dec. 
23 two more were received 'by baptism, making twenty- 
three in all, mostly young, and a number of them Sun- 
day-school scholars. — Andrew Bowser, East Berlin, Pa.. 
Dec. 26. 

Saginaw church met in council Dec. 16. Business pre- 
paratory to our love feast Dec. 17 was transacted. Bro. 
Wine will represent us at district meeting. Bro. A. 
Hutchison held a week's meetings prior to the feast. His 
sermons were helpful and instructive. Four brethren 
south of Dallas were present at the feast.— M. C. Wrights- 
man, Saginaw, Texas, Dec. 23. 

Free Union.— Bro. Daniel Miller, of Augusta county, 
and myself made a trip down to Charlotte county, about 
one hundred and forty miles from here. Having been 
down there some time ago, visiting friends and relatives, 
and finding that they knew nothing of our church, I was 
constrained to make another trip in the interest of mission 
work, taking with me Bro. Miller. We held four meet- 
ings with the people and found them very much inter- 
ested in church work and anxious to hear the Gospel 
preached.— Geo. A. Maupin, R. F. D. 1, Free Union, Va. 
Redoak Grove.— On Christmas day Bro. Chas. M. Year- 
out preached us an excellent sermon. We would like for 
our brother to preach some more for us, but lie needs a 
- rest, as he has been in the field as evangelist for some 
time. — Ella Bowman, Epperly, Va., Dec. 26. 

Stonewall.— Bro. Riley Flora, from Franklin county, 
has just closed a very successful meeting at our place. 
One came out on the Lord's side and our congregation is 
greatly strengthened. This was Bro. Flora's first visit 
to this place.— M. E. Yeatts, Homerys, Va., Dec. 19. 
Bullrun.— Dec. 25 the Brethren decided to celebrate 
by having public preaching. Bro. G. E. Shahan and the 
writer conducted the services, one was reclaimed 
and one put on Christ in baptism. The Brethren decided 
to have quarterly council at this point, beginning Jan. 25. 
—John Hovatter, Hovatter, W. Va., Dec. 26. 

Burlington. — Nov. 18 I commenced laboring at Okon- 
oko, a mission point, and continued until Nov. 30. Nov, 
26 Bro. B. W. Smith came to our assistance, and a love 
feast was held which was much enjoyed by all. It was 
the first meeting of that kind ever held there. Good in- 
terest prevailed. Five precious souls were buried with 
Christ in baptism; one desires to return.— J. B. Leather- 
man, Burlington, W. Va., Dec. 24. 

Okonoko — Bro. J. B. Leatherman, of Burlington, W. 
Va , came to this place Nov. 18 and conducted a series of 
meetings lasting until Nov. 29. We had a very pleasant 
and interesting meeting. Nov. 26 we had a love feast. 
We were assisted by Bro. B. W. Smith. We closed our 
Sunday school for the winter, Nov. 27, with children's 
service. Bro. Leatherman gave us a very interesting 
talk on Sunday school and its work. Bro. Smith gave an 
interesting talk to the children. During the meeting five 
precious souls were buried with Christ in baptism Nov. 
26.— Jas. -L. Shanholtz, Okonoko, W. Va., Dec. 29. 

Pleasant View.— Our Sunday school continues with 
good interest under the care of our superintendent, 
Bro J W Rogers. We have lately treated our church 
to a coat of paint inside and out and could not have Sun- 
day school or prayer meeting the first two Sundays of 
this month. Bro. Joseph M. Crouse gave us a most ex- 
cellent sermon on Christmas day.— Ella V. Hutchison, 
Bays, W. Va., Dec. 27. 

Wenatchee.— Our Sunday school was reorganized Dec. 
25, with Bro. A. D. Bowman as superintendent, assisted 
by ail efficient body of officers and teachers. The aver- 
age attendance for the year is 49. We were addressed in 
the evening by Bro. L, E. Miller. Subject, "The Birth 
of Christ." — Albert Critcs. Wenatchee. Wash., Dec. 26. 


" Write what Ihou sccst, nnd send i 


The workers here arc quite busy all the time, so that 
frequently news is not reported as promptly as it should 
be. Since our dedication, Oct. 2, we are having Sunday 
school and two preaching sericcs each Sunday and Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting every two weeks, besides some 
meetings on week day evenings. Our attendance is still 
not large, but is growing, and we think the growth is 

Oct. 3. Eld. A. B. Barnhart, of the General Mission 
Board, gave us a call and preached a very acceptable 
sermon at 11 A. M. He had some trouble in finding us, 
so 1 will give directions which can be preserved for 
future reference. 

Since the last report we have lost one, a brother, by 
death, also a young lady, a member of the Sunday school. 
Death seems to be hard on us. In four years' time we 
have buried eight members and i\\n others belonging to 
our small number. These we miss much, but take 
courage, knowing it is the common lot of man. May we 
also so live that we will be sorely missed when the time of 
our departure comesl Sister Alice M. Smith, of Lancas- 
ter, Pa., who has also been engaged with the workers at 
Norristown, Pa., and Brooklyn, N. Y., has been secured 
to assist us in the work here, and has been with us sev- 
eral weeks. This will enable us to lake up Hues of work 
which heretofore were not possible. We can use copies of 
the Gospel Messenger, late copies preferred. Any cloth- 
ing sent us will be used to advantage in the work. I 
would especially remind the members of the district that 
this is your mission church, then why not send frequently 
of that which you may have to give? It is to be under- 
stood that this is not to enrich the workers here, but to 
assist in the support and work of the mission. Just re- 
cently a box of canned goods, etc., has been received from 
isolated members. All donations from anywhere are 
very thankfully received. The money to help com- 
plete payment on our church building you will 
please send to P. J. Blough, Hooversville, Pa., 
or the writer. This is the property of the dis- 
trict, so you should contribute freely. On Wednes- 
day evening, Dec. 21, brethren D. W. Kurtz and A. J. 
Culler, of the Juniata College Volunteer Band, gave us a 
very good meeting while on their way to Ohio. I had to 
think, how often young brethren of ability, and older ones 
too, spenl their vacation very differently. 

Our Christmas exercises were held on Friday evening, 
and while the long desired rain was falling, yet we had a 
pleasant meeting. On Sunday morning again we had an 
appreciative audience, notwithstanding the inclemency of 
the weather, and jn the evening quile a spiritual meet- 
ing for Christian Workers, followed by preaching. 

Our church and parsonage at 1120 Greenfield Ave. is 
located on one car line and near another. On these two 
we have about fourteen cars an hour each way. While 
not near the depots, one car fare will reach us from 
most of them. A short walk from the Union depot to 
5th Avenue and Smithficld street gives you the Home- 
stead car, which runs within a square of the church. 
From the B. and O. city depot the same car can be taken 
or a Braddock and Homestead car taken at 4th Avenue 
and Smithficld street will transfer you to Greenfield Av- 
enue, and so bring you right to the church. From the 
Union station one can also take a Bloomfield car at 
11th street and Penn Avenue, which will transfer to the 
Homestead line at Craig and Forbes streets. From East 
Liberty station, P. R. R., Larimer Avenue car taken 
one square from the station will transfer at Craig and 
Forbes streets to Homestead line. From Haxelwood 
station B. and O., transfer from Second Avenue line to 
Greenfield Avenue. We arc also about fifteen minutes' 
ride from all Homestead depots, and a short walk across 
the Smithficld street bridge will bring one here from 
the P. and L. E. city depot with one car fare as before 
described. In coming on the Homestead line leave car 
at Ninehouser or Hazelwood Avenue, on the Greenfield 
line at Montclair street. 

I have given this long explanation because many of our 
members pass through the city and might give us a call 
if they knew just how to get here. 

Ministers and others interested in the Lord's work 
passing through this busy and flourishing center will be 
cordially welcomed at the church home, 1120 Greenfield 
Avenue. S. S. Blough. 

1120 Greenfield Avenue. Pittsburg, Pa., Dec. 28. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 7, 1905. 

THE "ONE THING NEEDFUL."— Luke 10:38-42. 

Near the close of our Savior's earthly life, shortly be- 
fore his crucifixion, as recorded in Luke 10: 38-42, he 
and his disciples came to Bethany, the home of Martha 
and Mary, who received them into their house probably 
to have them dine with them as on other occasions, as 
recorded in Luke 5: 29-32 and 14: 1, 15. 

We may safely infer that both Martha and Mary loved 
the Savior and admired his teaching, but from the way 
each of them occupied her time during the presence of 
their guests, we may learn which of them exercised the 
most wisdom, and perhaps at the same time learn a les- 
son for ourselves. 

Martha busied herself trying to make them comfortable. 
went to a great deal of trouble getting things in order, 
and so on, and Mary "sat at Jesus' feet and heard his 
word" and did not give her any aid. Apparently, Martha 
became impatient and came to Jesus and said, " Lord, 
dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve 
alone? bid her therefore that she help me." Had Mary 
forgotten her duty to her sister, or what was the matter? 
Martha thought she was doing all she could and expected, 
no doubt, the Savior would reprove Mary and tell her 
how she was neglecting her work. But what was his 
answer? Listen, how serious! "Martha, Martha, thou 
art careful and troubled about many things: but one thing 
is needful; and Mary hath chosen that good part which 
shall not be taken away from her." It was true: Martha 
was troubled about many things; but were they so need- 
ful just then? And Mary chose the one needful thing 
and was warmly commended for it by the Master. Mar- 
tha was concerned about the present and Mary about the 

Each of us is either doing like Martha or like Mary. 
Let us see. Men are divided into two classes, — those who 
are concerned about the future and those who are not. 
Some spend their days with a load of trouble, labor, re- 
sponsibility, and many self-imposed cares of this world 
and under a heavy burden of sin besides, — all these, and 
lack the "one thing needful." 

How everybody hustles in this .busy world! Young 
people look forward to the time when they shall have 
completed their course of education and the prospects 
the future has in store for them; they will map out the 
plan of days to come; how they will engage in business, 
make money, and have their own home. If they have 
the home, they lay plans for something besides, and will 
toil day and night, sometimes using questionable means 
to accomplish what they desire, and there is no end of 
craving for more of this world's goods, no end of trou- 
ble, and worry and care. 

Some think that when they have acquired a certain 
amount of riches, or done this or that, then they will seek 
their God. But, alas, how many are called so suddenly 
from time to eternity, without a moment's warning, in 
their busy days before they had acquired the " one thing 

Some, fearing the judgment, join some church, attend 
services occasionally, but walk with the world; go to 
questionable places; lead selfish lives; join lodges for 
protection in case of sickness; let pride get the better of 
them; and still have not the "one thing needful." 

Others build fine, fashionable, well-finished and well- 
furnished churches, pay their preachers well, have church 
suppers, entertainments, fairs, concerts, organs costing 
thousands, choirs singing classical music to entertain, 
but heed not the Lord's commands; do not read their 
Bibles, much less obey them; do not commune with their 
God in prayer, but how zealous are they for their church 
and her auxiliaries! How they enjoy it! How the needy 
could have been helped with the price of their luxury. 
When the summons of death calls them away they are 
told that "Jesus paid it all," though never converted, 
and so pass away to the judgment bar sometime, and 
how about the "one thing needful"? 

Let us come home a little closer still. Let us suppose 
we are converted, born again, baptized into the church, 
believe our sins are forgiven, we pray, we do not follow 
the world, keep the ordinances of the church, and some- 
limes think we are really good. How about it if our 
neighbors would know our thoughts and hear us talk 
sometimes? How do we spend our leisure moments and 
where? How do we get along with the other members 
of our families, our neighbors, and our church? What 
do we like to read? How about our dealings with oth- 
ers? Do we sleep or look at the watch occasionally when 
the Word is being preached? Where are our thoughts 
when divine services are in progress? How do we re- 
member what is said when we get home and how do we 
practice it in our daily lives if we do not pay attention 
to what is said? Are we diligently seeking the "one 
thing needful " when we whisper occasionally during 
preaching and even when kneeling and prayer is being 
offered? Do we show that we seek it when we give 
place to jealousy, envying, and fault-finding in our hearts? 
Do we? Actions speak louder than words. 

Dear reader, let us stop a moment and think. Where 
do we stand? What does Jesus think of us? Will we 
ask him for more grace to separate ourselves from the 

world? "Strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, and 
few there be that find it." Matt. 7: 14. " If the righteous 
scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and sinner 
appear?" 1 Peter 4:18. Let us seek the "one thing 
needful," fear the Lord, and find out what his will is as 
revealed in his Word,— all of it, from beginning to end— 
and keep it. "We are made partakers of Christ, if we 
hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast, unto the 
end; while it is said, To-day if ye will hear his voice, 
harden not your hearts." Heb. 3: 14, 15. "If ye know 
these things, happy are ye if ye do them." John 13: 17. 
" Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear 
God, and keep his commandments; for this is the whole 
duty of man." Eccl. 12:13. A. H. Brubacher. 

R. R. No. 1, Lebanon, Pa. 



" He shall pray for thee." Gen. 20: 7. " I will pray 
for you." 1 Sam, 7: 5. "God forbid that I should sin 
against the Lord in ceasing to pray." 1 Sam. 12: 23. 
" Evening, morning, noon will I pray." Psalm 55: 17. 
"Pray for them which despitefully use you." Matt. 5: 
44; Luke 16: 27. That seems hard to do, but we can 
do it, and we must do it if we want to be true followers 
of our Lord and Master Jesus Christ. Pray to the Fa- 
ther which is in secret. Matt. 6: 6. He has promised to 
reward us openly, aiid he will if we pray believing and 
trusting in his Word. 

"After this manner, pray ye." Matt. 6: 9. How many 
of us pray the Lord's Prayer with an understanding mind? 
I fear that sometimes when we ask God to forgive us 
as we forgive our debtors we do not feel very much like 
forgiving our fellow-man. Remember, we ask to be for- 
given as we do forgive. God is a just God, and will do 
as he says. Dear brethren and sisters, let us look along 
this line more carefully. Do we pray as much as we 
ought, and as often as we should? Do we begin the day 
with God, or do we neglect that duty? Do we thank 
God for his kindness when we go to our tables? When 
we are careworn and tired, do we look to the Giver of 
every good and precious gift? Oh, what comfort we de- 
rive from the source of prayer. Let us look to God in. 
all things, and do not forget to pray. 

Mrs. E. E. Taylor. 

Frederick, Md. 


Bible Institute of Bridgewater College begins at 9:40 
A. M., Monday, Jan. 16, and closes Friday, Jan. 27. 

Subjects: Exegesis of the Epistle of James; Missions, 
their history, and their Future in the Brethren Church, etc.; 
Normal Sunday-school Work; The Leading Facts of Gen- 
esis; Christ in Judea; the Messiah of the Old Testament. 

Instructors: Galen B. Royer, D. H. Zigler, W, B. 
Yount, M. A. Good, J. H. Cline, W. K. Conner, J. D. 

Bro. Galen B. Royer will give two or more lectures 
daily on missions, Jan. 20 to 25. 

Beginning Friday evening, Jan. 13, Eld. D. H. Zigler 
will preach each evening. 

Tuition free. Come — the usual large attendance is ex- 
pected. - Walter B. Yount. 

Bridgewater, Va. 


The rum power in this country is a monster of iniquity; 
it holds by the throat nearly all the office-holders, and 
newspaper editors, and those who aspire to office, and 
they dare not say their soul is their own. And even in 
some places where they have prohibition law, the selfish- 
ness and greed of bad men take the place of law and 
order, while a few of the better class of citizens are labor- 
ing faithfully to release 80.000,000 people from a system of 
political and social slavery, the worst the world has ever 
known, fourfold worse than negro slavery. And this 
curse of the dark ages still rests upon us, notwithstanding 
the labors of church people and others who have the 
moral courage to stand for what they know is right, and 
against wickedness in high and low places. And they 
do not propose to let up an inch until this monster enemy 
to civilization is destroyed. D. L. Garver. 


"The Gospel and the Church," by Alfred Loisy, 
Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, Publishers. Cloth, 
277 pages, net $1.00. Considerable attention is given to 
the Introduction. Then. follow chapters on The Sources 
of the Gospels, The Kingdom of Heaven, The Son of 
God, The Church, The Christian Dogma and The Catholic 
Worship. The author reasons learnedly and exceedingly 
thoughtfully, to show the reality of the Gospel, as well as 
the reality of the Kingdom, Church and Son of God. In a 
sense the reasoning is historical. The work is intended 
primarily for the student who has the faculty of giving his 
reading the closest possible attention. 

"What therefore God hatb joined togethei 

i put a 


Ko Marriage Notice Fulilmhed Unless Aceouipsuied bj Ctftjr Cents. 

BOWLUS— ROWLAND.— Dec. 20, 1904, at the home 
of the bride's parents, Brother Joseph and Sister Lizzie 
Rowland, by the undersigned, Bro. John S. Bowlus, of 
Broadrun, Md., and Sister Bertha L. Rowland, of Fair- 
play, Md. D- Victor Long. 

HAINES— HOLLENBAUGH.— At the home of the 
bride's parents, between New Windsor and Sams Creek, 
in Carroll county, Maryland, by the undersigned, Dec. 14, 
1904, at 6:30 P. M., Brother Samuel D. Haines and Sister 
Lucinda V. Hollenbaugh, both of Carroll county. 

W. E. Roop. 

QUINLAN— ARNOLD.— By the undersigned, near La 
Place, 111., Dec. 18, 1904, Mr. Orville Quinlan, of Putnam 
county, Indiana, and Miss Mamie Arnold, of Piatt 
county, Illinois. John Arnold. 

SHIVELY— ARNOLD.— By the undersigned, near La 
Place, 111., Dec. 18, 1904, Mr. Romie Shively and Miss 
Flossie Arnold, both of Piatt county, Illinois. 

John Arnold. 


2 the dead which die in the Lord.' 

Death Notices of Children Under Five Years Not Published. 

BERKEY, Sister Caroline, nee Beabes, died of dropsy at 
her home in Scalp Level, Cambria Co., Pa., Dec. 19, 
1904, aged 79 years, 6 months and 21 days. Her husband. 
Bro. David Berkey, was tortured by robbers so he died 
Oct. 4, 1896. She leaves five sons and four daughters. 
She had chosen 2 Cor. 5: 1 for her funeral service, which 
was improved by Bro. P. J. Biough and Bro. Peter 
Knavel. Interment in the Shade Creek cemetery. 

Amanda Weaver. 

BUMGARDNER, Sister Mary Ann, wife of Adam 
Bumgardner (deceased), died at the home of her son-in- 
law, Bro. Daniel Brumbaugh, in Scalp Level, Cambria 
Co., Pa., Dec. 15, 1904, aged 79 years and four months. 
She leaves a son and two daughters. Funeral service was 
improved by Bro. Harvey Replogle. Interment in the 
Lutheran cemetery. Amanda Weaver. 

CLARK, Bro. Noah, J., born in Washington county, 
Tennessee, died at Mountain City, Tenn., Dec. 14, 1904, of 
typhoid fever, aged 37 years, 2 months and 26 days. He 
was married to Kitty C. Crawford, April 20, 1S90. He 
united with the Brethren church Dec. 25, 1898. He was 
elected to the ministry in 1899. He is survived by his 
wife and five small children, also two brothers and four 
sisters. Funeral services by Bro. D. F. Bowman. In- 
terment at the family burying ground near Johnson City, 
Tenn. James L. Clark. 

COCHRAN, John Cambell, born at Rockford, Tenn., 
died in the hospital at Portland, Ore., Dec. 13, 1904, after 
undergoing a surgical operation in which three inches of 
his spinal column were removed, aged 41 years, 1 month 
and 27 days. He was married to Ada Wilson, Oct. 25, 
1887. To this union were born seven children, four of 
whom survive. His wife preceded him four years. He 
was brought to his home at Glenwood, Wash., and interred 
in the Mt. Adams cemetery. Services by the writer, from 
Heb. 9:27, in the M. E. church. M. F. Woods. 

COFFMAN, Sister Sarah, wife of Bro. William 
Coffman, died in the South Beatrice, Nebr., church, Dec. 
16, 1904, aged 67 years, 11 months and 16 days. Our sister 
was afflicted for about ten months. She leaves a husband, 
three daughters and two sons. Services were held in the 
Holmesville church by Eld. Owen Peters, assisted by 
Bro. James Gish, from 2 Tim. 7: 6-8, that being her choice; 
also Revelation 14. Lydia Dell. 

DAUGHERTY, Andrew F., died near Mt. Clinton, Rock- 
ingham Co., Va., Dec. 7, 1904. in the 79th year of his age. 
He was a member of the Brethren church more than 
forty years. He was stricken with consumption only a 
few weeks before his death. He leaves an aged com- 
panion and four children. Funeral service conducted by 
Bro. Emanuel Long, from Heb. 4:9. During his illness 
he was anointed. Interment at Weavers church. 

Anna F, McMullen. 
FLETCHER, Jas. T., son of Brother and Sister Martha 
Fletcher, near Oskaloosa, Kansas, died Dec. 17, 1904, at 
Osawkil, Kans., aged 28 years, 2 months and II days. 
He came to his death by an accidental shot from his gun 
while out hunting. Funeral services conducted by the 
writer from 1 Sam. 20:3. H. L. Brammell. 

GANGER, Jacob, died Dec. 20, 1904, near Georgetown, 
Ohio, aged 37 years, 5 months and 20 days. He was 
united in marriage with Rosetta Kelsey. To this union 
were born two daughters. He leaves a wife and two 
daughters, a mother, four brothers and_ five sisters. Fu- 
neral services conducted by the undersigned, assisted by 
James Swartz. Interment in Bethel cemetery. 

John H. Brumbaugh. 
HOAK, Elizabeth, born in Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, died in Beatrice, Nebr., Nov. 4, 1904, aged 67 years, 
1 month and 10 days. Her husband preceded her over four 
years. Funeral at Beatrice and Bethel churches by the 
Brethren. She leaves one son and one stepson. 

E. S. Rothrock. 
HUFF, Bro. Levi, in the Middle River congregation, 
Va.. died Dec. 22, 1904, aged 62 years, 5 months and 10 
days. Bro Huff lived a consistent life in the Brethren 
church for many years. Funeral services by brethren A. 
B. Early and Eld. Levi Garber, from Eccl. 7:2. 

J. F. Miller. 
KEENER, Nancy, nee Currant, born in West Virginia, 
died of paralysis at Rock Creek, Jefferson county, Kansas, 
Dec. 10, 1904, aged 84 years, 2 months and 16 days. She 
was a member of the Brethren church twenty-eight years, 
during which time she magnified her profession. Funeral 
services conducted by Bro. J. A. Root, from 2 Tim. 4:7. 

H. L. Brammell, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 7, 1905. 


LAHR, Sister Catharine, born in Germany, died at the 
home of her " son, in the Antioch district, Dec. 13, 
1904, aged 6S years, 9 months and 9 days. Her hus- 
band preceded her three years. She was a member of the 
Brethren church over forty years. She came to this 
country at the age of twenty-one and settled in Hunting- 
ton county, Indiana. Funeral at Monument, conducted by 
Eld. Noah Fisher. A. B. Miller. 

LONGENECKER, David S., born in Bedford county, 
Pennsylvania, died in the bounds of the Fairview church, 
Appanoose county, Iowa, Dec. 8, 1904, aged 77 years, 2 
months and 4 days. About 1850 he united with the 
Brethren church. In 1855 he emigrated to Iowa, Appa- 
noose county. In 1857, June 1, he was united in marriage 
to Mary E. Knapp. To this union were born eight chil- 
dren. One preceded him to the spirit world. He had a 
long, lingering sickness, suffering much. Funeral services 
by the writer. Abraham Wolf. 

METZGER, Catherine, nee Shoemaker, born in Frank- 
lin county, Pennsylvania, died Dec. 24, 1904, aged 77 years, 
8 months and 10 days. When seven years old she moved 
with her father to Ohio. She married David Metzgcr, 
Sept. 17, 1848. To them were born two sons and three 
daughters. The daughters died in infancy. They moved 
to Clinton county, Indiana, in 1860. Father died thirty- 
two years ago. Mother died after an illness of ten hours 
in Mulberry, Clinton Co., Ind. She leaves two sons. She 
has been a member of the Brethren church for many years. 
Services at Pleasant View by L. T. Holsinger, from Isa. 
51:11. John E. Metzger. 

MYERS, Sister Elizabeth, wife of Bro. Daniel J. Myers, 
died at her home near Harrisonburg, Va.. Dec. 19. 1904, of 
pneumonia, aged 56 years, 3 months and 18 days. Sister 
Myers was the only daughter of Bro. John B. Wenger 
(deceased) and lived a consistent life in the Brethren 
church for a number of years. She is survived by a hus- 
band, five daughters, two sons, and one brother. Services 
at Weavers church (Mennonite) by Bro. Walter B. Yount, 
assisted by Eld. E. Long, from Psa. 118:6. Interment in 
the cemetery near the church. S. I. Bowman. 

ROBERTS, M. D., of Pulaski, county, Missouri, died at 
his home, ten miles east of Waynesville, Nov. 26, 1904, 
age near 74. He moved from Ohio some sixteen years ago 
purchased a farm on which he lived until death. He 
was a preacher in the Progressive church. Funeral service 
was held in the home by A. O. Humphrey. Interment in 
the Onsley cemetery. G. P. Burrow. 

SHAFFER, Sister Felicia E., wife of Dr. C. P. Shaffer, 
died at her home in Morrill, Brown Co., Kansas, Dec. 24, 
1904, aged 3G years, 2 months and 18 days. She was the 
oldest child of Geo. W. and Sarah Peck; was born near 
Summit Mills, Somerset Co., Pa. She leaves a husband, 
father, mother, three brothers and four sisters. Funeral 
services conducted by the writer and Eld. Wm. Davis, 
from Psa. 17: 15. W. H. H. Sawyer. 

SLUSHER, Sarah T., nee Weddle, of the Topeco 
church, Floyd Co., Va., more generally known as Aunt 
Sally, the widow of Eld. J. H. Slusher, died Nov. 24, 1904, 
aged 83 years, 2 months and 2 days. She was married 
to J. H. Slusher in February, 1842. This union was blessed 
with five boys and three girls. Her husband and three 
boys preceded her to the great beyond. She was a. 
faithful member of the Brethren church fifty-nine years. 
Aunt Sally was confined to her home for a number of 
years and had not the privilege of attending her church, 
but she often called for the preacher to come to her home 
and have a season of worship. Funeral services were 
conducted at the old homestead by elders Ananias Har- 
man, S. E. Hylton and the writer from Rev. 14:13, after 
which her remains were laid to rest in the Slusher burying 
ground. Harvey Weddle. 

SMITH, Sister Catharine, nee Rodrick, born in Pennsyl- 
vania, and died in the bounds of the Mississinewa congre- 
gation, Delaware county, Indiana, Nov. 22, 1904, aged 90 
years, 6 months and 5 days. Sept. 21, 1830, she was 
united in marriage to David Smith. To this union were 
born nine children. The husband and seven children pre- 
ceded her to the spirit world. Aunt Katy, as she was gen- 
erally known, was a faithful member of the Brethren 
church for about seventy years. The funeral services 
were conducted at her late home by Eld. A. C. Young. 
John F. Shoemaker. 
SOUDER, Bro. Jacob, died at his home in Rocking- 
ham county, Virginia, Dec. 5, 1904. We have no record of 
his age, but he was supposed to be ninety years. He is 
survived by six children. His wife preceded him to the 
world beyond. Bro. Jacob has been a member of the 
Brethren church for fourteen years. His remains were 
laid to rest in Fanuels cemetery, near Dovesville, Va., 
Funeral services in the Crab Run church conducted by 
Bro. Moses Moyer, from Psa. 88: 10. Verdie B. Moyer. 

STINE, Sister Leah, died at her home in the Cordorus 
congregation, York Co., Pa., Nov. 22, 1904, aged 82 years, 
10 months and 22 days. She leaves a husband, four sons 
and three daughters. She was a faithful member of the 
Brethren church for a number of years. Funeral services 
conducted by Bro. Jacob M. Myers, assisted by Eld. C. 
Ness and Eld. D. Y. Brillhart, from John 14:26. Inter- 
ment at the East Cordorus graveyard. Lizzie Myers. 

THOMAS, Sister Rebecca, died Nov. 15, 1904, in the 
Maple Glen congregation, Somerset Co., Pa., at the 'home 
of her daughter, aged 92 years and 2 months. She was a 
consistent member of the Brethren church for many years. 
Funeral services conducted by elders J. N. Davis and L. 
A. Peck. H. G. Peck. 

Church Certificate Book. 



In Outline Booklet Form 

This book contains so blank certificates of membership 
attached to a stub. It is arranged according to decision 
of Annual Meeting and every church secretary should 
have a copy. 

These topics have been carefully arranged and outlined 
by some of the best talent in the Brotherhood. A brief 
and yet very full outline of one page is made for each 

There has been a demand for such an outline and we 
are pleased to tell you that we are now ready to fill orders 
for the topics for the first six months of 1905. All our 
Christian Workers' meetings will want to use these out- 
lines, as they are very helpful. You will find that they 
aid greatly to get all the members to take part in these 
meetings. Give them a trial. 

We are printing a large number of them and can there 
fore furnish them to you at a very low rate. The booklet 
is arranged with 32 pages and cover. Size, 3^x5K- This 
leaves a few blank pages for notes. 

Price, per hundred booklets, $2.00 

For fifty $1-25 

If desired we can print on the back, or fourth cover 
page, your announcements, names of officers, etc. This 
will cost you 75 cents per hundred extra. 

Price, with extra printing, per one hundred ;p-75 

Price, with extra printing, for 50 copies, .$2.00 

We trust that each Christian Workers' society will send 
at once for these Outline Topics and be ready for the 
New Year. 

Topics With References Only. 
We have also arranged the topics with references only, 
on a good cardboard, for the first six months of 1905. 
Those not desiring the outlines can secure these cards 
at the following rates: 

For 50 cards, 20 cents 

For 100 or more, per hundred 35 cents 

Special announcements printed on one side of card, 
50 cents extra for first one hundred and 10 cents per hun- 
dred thereafter. 

Send all orders to 

Elgin, 111. 

The Reading Circle 


Christian Workers' Topics 

With the exposition by ELIZABETH U. 
ROSENBERGER. have been transferred 
from the Missionary Visitor to the 

Matthew Henry 

Commentary on the Bible 

(The Old and New Testament.) 

Catalogue, Price, $13.00 


Our Special Price 

f. o. b. Elgin 



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Elgin, Illinois. 


It is surprising that, in this labor-saving and time-sav- 
ing age, the ever popular Matthew Henry's Commentary 
has not before been issued in convenient volumes. Two 
features of this new edition call for special attention: 
First, th« moderate size of the volumes; second, the large 
size of the type (larger than any previous edition). Oth- 
er features are the excellent printing and substantial bind- 

We have now reduced the price of this commentary 
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student who does not already have a set of these books 
ou,*ht to take advantage of this special offer. You cannot 
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in view of the original ide . of Annual Conference 
as to the policy of the Iiiglciwok magazine. Club 
rates to Sunday schools and Christian Workers' So- 
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Elgin, Illinois. 




THE FIFTH EDITION of this wonderful little volume 

It is an inspiration to any child to read this volume, 
and has been the means of turning many children to the 
Lord. Boys and girls enjoy reading it, and we cannot 
recommend it too highly for your boys and girls. Its in- 
fluence can be nothing but good. 

Our new edition is neatly bound in cloth and would 
please any boy or girl. Price, single copy, 25 cents; per 
dozen, $2.50. 

Elgin, 111. 

Girdling the Globe 

This intensely interesting book of travel describes vivid- 
ly Elder Miller's trip around the world and takes the 
reader along in such an easy way that you feel as though 
you were traveling over the country with him. 

This is undoubtedly the best book that Bro. Miller has 
written. It contains more than 125 illustrations and 602 

Thousands of these books have been sold and all are 
delighted with the book. 


PRICE. If you have not read this book, or if you have 
a friend that you want to make a present of a good book, 
here is your opportunity. We have a number of these 
books in stock that must move out at once to give room 
for other books. AS LONG AS THEY LAST we will 
furnish them at the following rate. 

Former price. Now. 

Substantial cloth binding $2.00 $1.00 

Sheep binding, 2.50 1.25 

Full Morocco, gilt edge 3.00 1.50 

Enclose 25 cents extra for each book .to pay mail or 
express charges, unless a number are ordered at one 
time, in which case we will send them to you by express 
or freight, collect. 

Send all orders to 


Elgin, I1L 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 7, 1905. 


Mt. Union church met in council Dec, 29, our elder, Jas- 
per Barnthousc, presiding. We reorganized our Sunday 
schools for the coming year. Bro. Wiliiam Pugh was 
elected superintendent and Bro. Miles Hamilton assistant 
of the Mt. Union school. The writer was elected superin- 
tendent and Bro. J. M. Pletcher and Bro. Francis Hamil- 
ton assistants of the Wiles Hill school. Our freewill of- 
fering was $20.25. Bro. Barnthousc preached the night 
nf the 29th at Mt. Union and the night of the 30th on 
Wiles Hill.— T. H. Miller, 250 Va. Ave., Morgantown, W. 
Va., Dec. 31. 

East Dayton.— Bro. Abram Neher preached for us Jan. 
1 at 10:30 A. M. Our series of meetings began last even- 
ing, Jan. 1, conducted by Bro. Samuel Horning.— Eliza- 
beth Grove, 247 Lafayette St.. Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Grand Valley.— Our services Christmas day were inter- 
esting. Brother Click talked on "The Growthand Devel- 
opment of the Grand Valley Church." He has been iden- 
tified with the church from the start. Ten years ago there 
were but two members. There arc now 131 in the valley. 
The increase has been largely from emigration. Brother 
S. Z. Sharp was with us on Christmas. He remained and 
is conducting a Bible Normal this week. The att'endance 
and interest have been good. Fifty-six names are en- 
rolled.— Anna L. Bryant, Grand Junction, Colo., Dec. 31. 
Burnetts Creek. — Our very interesting series of meet- 
ings, conducted by Bro. J. W. Lear, closed Dec. 25. He 
and Sister Lear labored earnestly. Three precious souls 
accepted Christ, with many more counting the cost. — 
Bessie N. Mertz, Burnetts Creek, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Pleasant Valley. — Bro. Reuben Shroyer, of Canton, 
Ohio, was with us, and preached nineteen inspiring ser- 
mons. Attendance very good, excepting three evenings. 
when the weather was very inclement. Four girls await 
baptism. Officers were also chosen for Christian Work- 
ers' meeting: President, Bro. Ira Weaver. Sunday- 
school officers were also chosen, Bro. Clyde Cripe being 
elected superintendent. — Orpha Mishler, Middlcbury, Ind., 
Jan. 2. 

Rockyford.— Bro. C. A. Shank, of Prowers, Colo., came 
to us Dec. 4 and began a series of meetings, which con- 
tinued two weeks. Bro. Shank's sermons were very in- 
teresting and the members were greatly revived. Dec. 17 
was our love feast. Bro. Shank officiated.— Emma R. 
Fisher, Rockyford, Colo., Dec. 30. 

Myrtle Point. — Christmas day, instead of having a reg- 
ular sermon, the six ministers present each spoke five min- 
utes on Christ's mission in the world. The congregation 
enjoyed it very much. Our Bible school is to begin about 
the middle of January, with Bro. J, S. Secrist in charge. 
We elected our Sunday-school officers for the next quar- 
ter; Bro. J. N. .Roberts is our superintendent and Bro. 
P. A. Michaels assistant. — Annie Barklow, Myrtle Point, 
Oregon, Dec. 26. 




On Christmas day a number of the brethren and sisters, 
with some of their friends, assembled at the Brethren 
church at Carthage, Mo. 

Bro. George Barnhart was chosen to preside over the 
meeting. The program, as previously given in the Mes- 
senger, was followed. 

Some of the speakers fear that we do not encourage 
enough study of the Bible; that we allow the lesson helps 
to take a place they were never intended to fill. 

A brother doubted the advisability of appointing teach- 
ers who have not a kindly feeling for others. They 
should manifest it in their looks and actions. 

Some time was spent in reviewing the reasons and 
excuses for being absent from Sunday school. 

Considering the responsibility resting on those who are 
engaged in Sunday-school work, we feel that we ought 
to work with every energy and earnestness, that the 
Sunday school may not degenerate into a place of amuse- 

The brethren and sisters gave liberally and provided 
the visitors with a bounteous dinner. 

We feel thankful for the encouragement received, and 
think the day was profitably spent. C. E. Holmes, Sec. 

R. R. 1, Reeds, Mo., Dec. 29. 


ichool meeting of Middle 
church, Adrian, Mo., Dec. 

The first district Sunday- 
Missouri convened at Mound 
25, at 9:30 A. M. 

There were only six of the Sunday schools represented, 
was not what itr should have been, it did not hinder us 
in any way from halving a glorious meeting. 

Much interest was manifested. Many took active part 
and showed by their speeches that they had the cause 
of the Master at heart. 

All present felt inspired and the Sunday schools of 
Middle Missouri will surely be benefited by this meeting. 
All present expressed themselves as being thankful to 
the committee of arrangements for the success of the 
meeting; also to the members of Mound church for their 
hospitality. While this meeting is now in the past, it is 
literally never over, for its influence will last forever. 
Ada Kircher, Dist. S. S. Sec. 

Harrisonville, Mo., Dec. 29. 


There are a few members living here in the North- 
western part of Caddo county, but not enough to organize 
into a working body. We are very anxious that some 
members move among us and help build up a church 
of the Brethren. This is a good farming country. Peo- 
ple here nearly all belong to some church. There 
are now three good church buildings within two miles 
of where we live; one a union church, one a Methodist 
church and a Mennonite church, but no Brethren church. 
We feel our isolation very keenly, having been members 
of the Brethren church for thirty years and always,, lived 
in the bounds of the church until within the last two 
years. Are there not some Brethren that are thinking of 
changing their location and coining to Oklahoma? If 
so we would be glad to correspond with them. 

We have a regular appointment here with good attend- 
ance and interest. Some have asked me whether we 
could not induce more of our Brethren to locate here, 
so we could have an organized church. My health has 
not been good during the fall, so I could not do much 
preaching, but I am getting better now, so that I will 
expect to do more in the future. J. Appleman. 


. ■ ■■ : ''.[■■■ 




For 1905 


Is having a large sale. There is no reason why it should 
not have. It is as good as can be had along the Sunday- 
school line and especially adapted to our people. 


have already been filled and if you do not have a copy you 
should send your order at once, as we will print but one 
edition, and it is already going very rapidly. 

A large number of our Sunday-school teachers have 
sent us their orders. Those who have not should do so 
soon. No teacher can afford to go through the year with- 
out the inspiration and help that can be gained by study- 
ing the text as outlined by this commentary. 

It is the most complete Commentary yet published by 
the House, is profusely illustrated and contains 332 pages. 
Bound in substantial cloth, price, postpaid, $1.00. 

Elgin, Illinois. 


The time of year has come to renew your subscription. 
If you have not already done so, renew at your earliest 

We feel sure our readers appreciate the efforts that 
are being made to keep up the standard of the Messenger. 
We need your support in order to carry out our plans for 
the future and your encouragement in order to make 
the paper even better this coming year than it has been 
in the past. We trust that there will not be one of our 
old subscribers' names dropped from our list. We are 
adding hundreds of new names to our list, and 
with all our old subscribers we will have a splendid list 
for 1905. If convenient, hand your subscription to one 
of our authorized agents; if not, send direct to us. 

We Have a Number of 

"Eternal Verities" 

In Stock and Have Arranged to Furnish One With 

Each New or Renewed Subscription for 

25 Cents Extra, 


This is an excellent book, bound in good, substantial 
cloth, and regularly sells for $1.25. If you do not have 
one, you will do well to take advantage of this offer. 

We await your early renewal. 

Elgin, 111. 


Just from the Press. 

The Tenth Book of the Bible 
Biography Series. 

Following is a list of the books now ready: 

1. Joseph the Ruler. 

2. Samuel the Judge. 

3. David the King. 

4. Daniel the Fearless. 

5. Moses the Leader. 

6. Jesus the Savior. Vol. I. 

7. Jesus the Savior. Vol. 2. 

8. Ruth the Truehearted. 

9. Esther the Queen. 
10. John the Baptist. 



These books contain beautiful stories of the Bible char- 
acters named, in such clear and forcible, yet simple 
language, that all become intensely interested in them. 

Note what a number of the children think of them after 
a careful reading: 

" I have read Joseph the Ruler and think it is a beau- 
ful Bible story and a lesson to all to be good and kind." 
— Jennie W. Graves, Pennsylvania. 

" Dear Mr. Royer: — I read your book of John the Bap- 
tist and I think it is a very good book. I hope that the 
other boys and girls who read it will like it as well as 
I do."— Walter Mahan, Elgin, 111. 

" I wish to add my testimonial of praise for the many 
good books that are being written by Galen B. Royer for 
the little folks. I delight in going to Sunday school and in 
hearing these simple and beautiful stories read each Sun- 
day by my teacher. I like to hear them because they are 
made so plain that I can understand them. I hope Mr. 
Royer will continue writing until all the great and won- 
derful stories of the Bible are made simple and child- 
like." — Chas. A. Shoemaker, Pennsylvania. 

" I have read one or two other stories of ' Queen Esther ' 
but I like yours best because it explains it in simple 
language." — Lilian Falkenstein, Elizabethtown, Pa. 

I have read the story of Joseph the Ruler, which was 
presented to me last winter by my teacher. I like the 
story very much. I wish every boy and girl could read 
this book. — Howard R. Will, Meyersdale, Pa. 

"This little book, 'Joseph the Ruler,' was given to me 
for a gift, and oh ! how precious it is to me. I have 
read it through three times in a month and I cannot tell 
you how much I like it and how much good it does me 
to read it. How I do wish every boy and girl could have 
all these books to read. Yes, and their mammas and 
papas, too. My mamma and my two brothers read mine 
and my papa is going to read it too. I loaned my dear 
little book to my little cousin. She is just nearly wild 
over it. She wants one too. She is so delighted with it. 
We all like it ever so much. It is just like the Bible; 
when you read it once you feel as if you want to read 
it six times. I am seven years old." — Anna Williams, 

Our Special Proposition. 

These books are illustrated, bound in cloth, with a 
handsome cover design. Price, per copy, 35 cents. Three 
for $1.00. 

We propose to make you this special proposition. By 
you stating in your order where you saw this advertise- 
ment we will send you this entire set of ten books pre- 
paid for only $2.75. Every home where there are chil- 
dren ought to have a set of these books. Parents, you 
can't afford to miss this opportunity of supplying your 
children with such helpful books. Don't delay but send 
your order at once to 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 44. 

Elgin, III., January 14, 1905. 

0/1 V Mm,.., 

No. 2. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. the revolution in France the latter part of the eight- 

_,.. . , eenth century. It largely depends on whether the 

Special to Agents and Everybody Else, 25 czar stands with the liberals or reactionaries. 

The Union Movement, 25 

Symbolism in Sacraments 25 -r HE j\j ew York Press thus sums up what Russia 

For. the Saints Only 26 . . 

More Elders Needed, 26 has lost and Japan has gamed in the operations around 

The Horrors of War, 26 anc | ; n p ort Arthur: "Russia has lost seven battle- 

The Conscience, 26 

Some Work for Sisters 26 ships and other complement ot a fleet worth some- 
Essays, "thing near $100,000,000. Russia is driven forever out 

Homely Homiletic Hints.— No. 5. By W. J. Sw '- ]g of the Yellow Sea, and the fond realization of a warm 

Christ™ Science Practically Applied By A W water port for the Russian Empire has been dissipated. 

Vaniman ...18 R uss j a h as i os t the fine modern city of Dalny, on 

An Observation and Some Meditations. By i . S. 

Moherman 19 which when hostilities broke out she had spent $125,- 

Renouncing Catholic Authority .....19 oaooo o, and Japan owns this rich prize of war. Rus- 

Returning Queries by Annual Meeting. By S. t. . , T , , r .1 . 

Sanger, 19 sia has lost, and Japan has gained, one of the most 

New Testament Ordinances. By A. G. Cross- elaborately constructed fortifications in the world. 

Against Baptist." By' : D,' m! Mohier',' '.'.'.'.'.'.'. '.'.','.'. '.20 . ■ • Russia has lost, and Japan has gained, another 

Five Minute Sermons. By Howard Miller 22 mo dern city at Port Arthur, on which an outlay of 

Christ as a Leader. By A. Hutchison 22 , . , . , . , 

,,.„.. a quarter of a billion dollars had been planned by the 
Home and Family,— ' . - ,, 

Home Requirements. By Margie John Garst 23 Russian Empire and on which $140,000,000 actually 

The Lord's Work. By Etha Evans 23 na j ueen spen t when Admiral Togo hurled his destroy- 

Centralia Sewing Society. By Jennie Stephens, ...23 .,,,'. , , i t? 1. ' r» 

General Missionary and Tract Department,- «? gainst the sleeping squadron last February. RuS- 

One uf the Many Home Fields 27 sia has lost her railroad from Port Arthur to Ltao 

From Bulsar, India. By Sadie J. Miller, ...... ....27 Yang", with its spur?, and Japan is in absolute ppfr 

Alission Work of Southeastern Missouri. By Ira P. . b . ,, • ■ <■ 

Eby :........;-.-. 27 session of it. Here is another item running far up 

What the Messenger Did. By Mrs. L>. k Font 27 in thc millions." It might be added that both nations 
Notes and Experimental Incidents. By C. D. Hyl- ,,,.... 

ton 27 have shot away millions ot clollai a m bnml>nrdm««tt;, 

. — _— and sacrificed the lives of thousands of loyal subjects. 
AROUND THE WORLD. It is enough. Let us have peace. 

A report issued some time ago by the United 
States geological survey shows the value of the mineral 
products for the ten years from 1894 to 1903. Dur- 
ing that time the total value of these products ad- 
vanced from five hundred and twenty-seven million 
dollars to one billion four hundred and twenty mil- 
lion dollars. The value of the mineral products has 
increased fourfold since 1880. The figures for Penn- 
sylvania anthracite ' are especially interesting. They 
give the quantity mined in 1903 as 66,613,454 long 
tons, almost six and a half million tons more than was 
ever mined before in a calendar year. But the value 
increased far more than the tonnage. The figures for 
1903 show a gain of ten and a half per cent in the tons 
mined, while there is a gain of thirty-five per cent 
in the value of the product. This would seem to 
indicate that the coal operators and coal roads have 
the better of the public. 

Russia Germany and France, at the close of the 
war between China and Japan ten years ago, said that 
Port Arthur, which had been captured by and ceded 
to Japan, to be in foreign hands would be a menace 
to the peace of the world. And Japan, because she 
stood alone and was powerless before the three, with- 
drew. But she began preparing for the struggle 
which from that time was inevitable. In a little more 
than two years the falsity of the position of the three 
European nations was shown, for Russia " leased " 
Port Arthur from China for ninety-nine years, and 
began to fortify it as if it was hers forever. 

The Japanese, to whom the port was of vital im- 
portance, looked on and understood ; but they were 
not idle. They were not afraid of one power, and so 
they concluded a treaty with England, according to. 
the terms of which if either is attacked by more than 
one nation, the other comes to the rescue. And then 
the Japanese government bought battleships and 
drilled soldiers and sailors. After a time their prepa- 
rations were completed, and then they demanded that 
Russia keep the promise made several times publicly, 
and give Manchuria back to China. But this was not 
a part of Russia's plan, and so the war followed. It 
has been one of constant defeat for the great power, 
and with the fall of Port Arthur on Jan. 2 the main 
prize of the war has fallen into the hands of the Jap- 
anese. v And now there will be no demand of three 
powers against one that it be given up. 


The war should, come to an end, for it is hardly 
possible for the* Russians to get control of the sea, 
without which they never can regain what they have 
lost. And then there are internal conditions which 
should receive prompt attention. The people are not 
satisfied with the bureaucracy and autocracy. They 
want some kind of national representation. Whether 
they will unite and some leader arise, remains to be 
seen. If such should be the result of the present un- 
rest in the czar's dominions, there will be great changes 
in the near future. They must come some time, in 
some way. It is to be hoped that they will not come 
v with the violence and bloodshed which accompanied 

After a long delay, including three nominations 
and three recess appointments, W. D. Crum, a negro, 
is to be collector of customs at the Port of Charleston, 
S.'C. The opposition to him was led by Senator Till- 
man, who objected to the appointment of a negro. 
The man's qualifications made no difference. Now 
that the appointment has been confirmed, the collector 
will be entitled to receive his salary, which has ac- 
cumulated since his first appointment. The people 
of the South are, not unnaturally, opposed to having 
a colored person placed in an office where the white 
people must come in contact with him. Wc believe 
the next few years will do more toward the solution 
of the negro question than the past forty have done, 
and in the end both races will receive justice. 

A peculiar condition of affairs has existed in Col- 
orado since thc election. Two men claimed that they 
were elected governor. At times it looked as if 
there might be civil war. Governor Peabody's ac- 
tion in suppressing the trouble with the miners around 
Victor and other camps made him many enemies, and 
when the election came they voted for a man who 
differed from them in politics. Some were determined 
to have Adams elected, and to make sure of it per- 

petrated frauds on a large scale. There have been 
charges and counter charges and investigations and 
imprisonments. Finally a republican legislature de- 
cided to scat the democratic governor, who probably 
did receive a majority of the votes. There were 
frauds on both sides, and it would be difficult to tell 
on which were the greater. But the corrupt politician 
will not have in the future the power and influence 
he enjoyed in the past. 

Gen. Lew Wallace, the famous author of " Ben- 
1 fur." is seriously ill. It is thought that he may not 
be able to survive the winter. He is now a man of 
7S years, and has a wide and varied experience. In 
early life he studied law, but closed his office to enter 
the Mexican war. He took a very active part in the 
war between the North and the South, and was present 
in a number of severe battles. While in the west he 
conceived the idea of his book, " Ben-Hur." It took 
a vast amount of preparation, and required much 
research in order to prepare himself to bring out the 
book. He is the author of several other books, but 
none of them have been so favorably received as " Ben- 
Hur.'' It is remarkable how this book fits the condi- 
tions of ancient history and the Eastern countries. No 
man could have, written such a book without being per- 
fectly familiar with thc Bible lands, atul tnc cottOL- 
tions that may possibly have existed in the period of 
the world's history to which the work is intended 
to apply. In late years Mr. Wallace spent much of 
his time in the Congressional library at Washington, 
D. C. He would sit for hours, each day, in some se- 
cluded corner, searching old volumes for matter to 
weave into the romance which he was continually 
preparing. Thc man had one peculiar habit which 
is unknown to the public. He did most of his writing 
with stubs of pencils. It made no difference where the 
stub came from, he would use it as long as there was 
room enough left to hold it in his fingers. 

Possibly most of our readers do not know that 
Uncle Sam has a Santa Claus. Well, in a sense, the 
report is true. The Post Office Department has a lady 
employed who is often called " Uncle Sam's Santa 
Claus." Her name is Mrs. Collins, and her desk is in 
the Dead Letter Department, at Washington, D. C. 
For more than a quarter of a century she has held this 
responsible position and bears the nickname of Uncle 
Sam's Santa Claus. She is in charge of a division 
of the department, to which come all the letters through 
the mails which cannot be delivered because they are 
not properly addressed. Thousands upon thousands 
of letters are addressed to Santa Claus and all these 
letters are forwarded to Mrs. Collins. She opens them 
to ascertain thc name and addresses of the writers, so 
they can be returned. Of course these letters are 
written by children, and it is said that she receives as 
many as twenty thousand in a year. They are writ- 
ten by the little people, dropped into the letter boxes 
in thc cities, and, of course, go to the Dead Letter 
Office. Some of them are addressed to " Santa Claus, 
at the North Pole," others to " Santa Claus, Iceland ; " 
some are addressed to " Santa Claus, Snowland." 
Now and then a letter is addressed to " Santa Claus, 
in heaven." Probably there is no person in this coun- 
try who realizes more fullly than Mrs. Collins, the 
importance of instructing the children correctly con- 
cerning Santa Claus as a mere myth. It might* 
be good for the fathers and mothers, who read the 
Messen'ger, to see that their children understand that 
there is no such a being as a Santa Claus. It must 
certainly weaken the faith of children in humanity to 
hear so much said about Santa Claus, and then later 
on be informed that he is all a myth. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 1905. 

-i ■ > ESSAYjS»-«-->— ^ 

' Stodr to »how thyaeU approved unto God, a workman that needeth not i 
ashamed rightly dividing the Word oi Truth." 



Brethren, we have met again, 
Let us join to praise God's name, 
Joseph lives and Jesus reigns, 
Praise him in the highest strain. 
Many days and nights have past, 
Since we met before the last; 
Yet our lives do still remain, 
Here on earth we meet again. 
Many of our friends are gone 
To their long eternal home; 
They have left us here below, 
Soon we after them must go. 

Brethren, tell me, how you do, 
Does your love continue true? 
Are you longing for your King, 
When he shall return again? 
When he'll appear for your relief, 
To end your sorrow, pain and grief, 
To take you home among the blest. 
There to join the heav'nly feast, 
Hagerstown, Ind. 



Part Two.— The Dead Line. 

The preacher must have some recreation if he is to 
keep up his work. This recreation must furnish a 
change in the mind's occupation and should be some- 
cfii'ng u/lc tikes to do. The energies must be restored 
" and the nervous activities must be equalized., ur a 
breakdown will come soon or late. To the writer 
nothing is equal to " going a-fishing." The fish won't 
bite, or there are none? No difference about that. 
It is the sunshine, the river, the mountain, the change, 
the release from other pressure. And then if the fish 
do bite! what new twist it puts into life's energies. It 
is interesting to note how many of the apostles were 
"humble fisherman:" fishers of men, of course, but 
fishers of fish too — and the Savior joined them in it. 
Next to fishing I like to make a fire of brush, or roots, 
-or sticks, or logs out in the field or woods. Something, 
J say, this recreation must be, that we " like to do," 
not for its profit or use necessarily, but just for the 
love of doing it that is inside of us somewhere, and the 
indulgence of it releases the pressure of hard work 
and reinstates the nervous energies and avoids a break- 
down. Some persons find this in caring for a garden, 
or a flock of fowls. Sometimes this liking to do 
things is odd and freaky. A noted educator and liter- 
ary man, who is a hard worker, told me he has both 
pleasure and recreation in cleaning a stove pipe and 
putting it together. Think of that! But something it 
must be — if nervous wreckage, which is a disastrous 
gateway through this dreadful dead line, come not to 
the hard mental toiler. These temporal and bodily 
things are not greater than the higher mental, moral 
and spiritual treasures, certainly ; but it must be re- 
membered that " this treasure is in earthen vessels." 
If the vessel be wrecked, the treasure, however pre- 
cious, is lost, so far as earth and earthly things and 
service are concerned, 


The physiologists say there are three tests of life — 
first, taking food or nourishment ; second, motion ; 
third, reproduction of kind. Let us apply these tests 
in mental life. 

i. Nourishment. There must be a mental feedin^, 
just as there must be physical feeding, or land feeding. 
We cannot expect something from nothing. The body 
cannot be healthful on a single kind of food. Neither 
can the mind. There must be variety. There is one 
kind of reading that gives information, and certainly 
the preacher should be informed. Hence he should 
read history, consult encyclopedias and dictionaries. 
Another class of reading is not so much to give in- 

formation as it is to stimulate the mind to thought. 
Hence we should read essays and treatises — Bacon's 
or Emerson's essays are excellent for the purpose. 
The essays and discourses of Dr. Holland are simple 
and practical and stimulating. Then to furnish variety 
of food that will keep the mind well balanced and feed 
the creative faculty or imagination, poetry and whole- 
some fiction are both helpful and necessary. A few 
years ago an inquiry was put to a few preachers, the 
substance of which was, as I now remember it, suppos- 
ing you were isolated from the usual throngs of civili- 
zation, and especially from access to any literature, 
except what you may take with you, what ten or twelve 
works would you select? Some of the lists published 
in the Messenger were exclusively religious. They 
might have answered for a hermit life, but not well for 
a life of service in mingling with others. They would 
have reduced the mind down to narrow limits and un- 
fitted the man from touch and dealing with humanity 
in general, and would tend to fanaticism or insanity. 
If one gives himself over to one kind of food, one kind 
of exercise, or one kind of reading and thinking, a 
crank is almost certain to be evolved. If a man is to 
be useful to his race he must live among them and 
know something of their realm of life. A little wit 
and facetia even will help to keep the mind sweet and 
fresh. Nothing will unfit a man to live with his fel- 
low-man and serve him as a glumness and asceticism 
and melancholia will. 

2. Motion or exercise. The mere taking- in of 
nourishment will not make a man strong. A mind 
stored with knowledge, if it be not used, is like the 
miser with hoarded wealth and himself living in want. 
Feeding alone will not make strong legs and skillful 
arms for the child. He learns to walk by walking, 
and every muscle strengthens by the judicious exer- 
cise of itself. So the mind does and so must the 
picacher do. Every sermon makes more possible the 

3. Reproduction of kind. So far as this third test 
can be applied to mental processes, the combination of 
the first and second will produce it. One product of 
the mind makes possible another. If a pitcher have 
two quarts of seed in it and one quart be removed 
there is only one quart left in the vessel — but the mind 
is on a different principle. If a thought be evolved 
from the mind, the mind itself is not that much poorer, 
but that much richer, and that thought becomes parent 
of other thoughts within the same mind. 

A man's knowledge must be brought into new re- 
lations and woven into life's experiences. Fresh and 
original similes, comparisons and concepts must il- 
lustrate the truth. The experiences of life as it is 
now being lived by the people must be met and helped. 
The preacher's study must not consist alone of reading 
and delving and investigating in musty libraries, but 
he must bring his ideas into new relations ; his learning 
must be woven into new and fresh imageries. Life's 
sorrows and joys, losses and gains, temptations and 
stimuli, falls and triumphs, must be worked into the 
fabric of his sermons. It is the thinker that moves 
the world and sets afloat revolutions in civics, in sci- 
ence, in achievement and in moral reform. 

Preaching, so far as the delivery is concerned, is 
largely a matter of vitality. Men of low vitality rarely 
succeed as pulpiters. Dullness and slowness may not 
be barriers to success in some lines of existence, but 
dullness is an absolute barrier to a preacher or a 
teacher. If we keep up our vitality we need not fear 
superannuation. This requires both rest and activity, 
hard work and recreation, feeding and reproduction of 

This brings me to remark that there is probably 
another line that is more to be feared than any neces- 
sary " dead line." It is the " lazy line," the line of 
indifference. Hard work and many discouragements 
cool the ambition for distinction that once fired the 
mind, and the individual by and by yields to the in- 
clination for ease and the willingness to settle down 
to mediocre rather than pay the price of excellence 
which is always, by nature and by right, hard and 
persistent labor. Laziness is mental, rather than phys- 
ical, and love of ease is of the mind rather than of 

the muscles. It must be driven away as an incubus 
that smothers out the aspirations and possibilities of 
human life and human achievements. 

Some preachers never reach the dead line. Beecher 
never did. Spurgeon and Talmage and Moody were 
fiery and forceful to the end. Quinter was never 
superannuated as a preacher. I heard him preach his 
last sermon. That was on Sunday and he died on 
Friday of the same week. He read his text from the 
book of James: " But whoso looketh into the perfect 
law of liberty and continueth therein, he being not a 
forgetful hearer but a doer of the word, that man 
shall be blessed in his deeds." He was powerfully 
moved by his theme. The veins swelled on his neck, 
his face and forehead were flushed with the flow of 
blood, he moved over the rostrum with the agility and 
vigor of youth. His thought was almost too rapid 
for his speech. His voice and body and countenance 
were all contributing to the forceful expression of the 
vigorous flow of thought. It was a powerful dis- 
course, delivered when he was past seventy-two years 
of age, and five days before his death. 

In conclusion, I would say that the preacher should 
remember what he is commissioned to do — to preach 
the Gospel of Jesus Christ to a sinful and sinning 
world. This he should aim to do; for there is noth- 
ing the world so much needs as this, and furthermore 
I believe the world is hungering for this and will be 
held better by this kind of instruction. " Feed my 
sheep, feed my lambs," said the Savior. There is 
much of the theories and criticism and learned lectur- 
ing about the Bible and various isms that are mighty 
dry fodder for either sheep or lambs, and the dead 
line is not far off, so far as doing practical good is 
concerned. I question whether preachers and churches 
have really gained by the so-called " attractions," 
whether they take the form of excessive decorations, 
rhetorical display, music or stereopticon views. The 
Gospel of Jesus Christ, the power of God unto sal- 
vation of the soul, I repeat, is the commodity in which 
the preacher should deal. 

And now in very conclusion the first great essentials 
are a converted heart, a sincere purpose, a single desire 
to hold up the truth of God and serve him faithfully 
as an ambassador, a willingness to labor, a cheerful 
courage. Keep sweet in disposition, in sympathy with 
humanity, in harmony with God, and a living incli- 
nation not to grow weary in well doing, and the dead 
line will be the border line between this world and the 
other one. Amen. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 



Case: A man is dying by inches from the effects 
of the " White Terror " that so stealthily and gradually 
drags his victims to the grave, Consumption. His 
hacking cough, his gradual loss of flesh, his increasing 
weakness all proclaim too clearly that the grim messen- 
ger has marked his prey, and that it is only a matter of 
time when the last sad rites will be over. The disease 
has gone so far that he can no longer continue his 
work, and must remain at home. 

This man is young, he has a loving wife and a 
charming little daughter. Life's prospects are bright, 
and as is the nature of that disease, he knows that he 
is sick, but in his mind it is not so serious, and he will 
soon be better. He consults the physician, he obtains 
medicine to give him temporary strength. He even is 
advised to seek another climate. But from first to 
last of this terrible disease he has a peculiar condition 
to meet. His wife is a strong disciple of Mrs. Eddy, 
and has fully imbibed the doctrine of Christian Science. 
She loves her husband dearly; she would make any 
sacrifice in her power for him. But her belief teaches 
her that there is no such thing as sickness, that pain 
and disease are only imaginary. She tells him that he 
is not ill. That it is only his own imagination. His 
friends come to him, and give him counsel, they tell 
him he is sick and needs to be doing something for 
himself. But she does not want any one even to hint 

to him that he is ill. Time moves along, he grows 
weaker and weaker, he even goes so far as to take to 
his bed. His friends come to visit him, and to show 
their sympathy ; but all this time the loving wife dare 
not show any sympathy. Her belief tells her that it 
is not sickness, and she thinks all that is lacking is 
that her will power is not strong enough to overcome 
this imaginary disease. She summons all the will 
power that she can command, she advises with other 
Christian Scientists, and does all that she knows to 
ward of! this dread that is forcing itself upon her in 
spite of herself. 

When we are sick and in distress, how the heart 
yearns for sympathy. It does us good to know that 
some "one sympathizes with us. Imagine yourself day 
by day approaching the brink of the grave, your body 
weak, your heart yearning for sympathy, and still you 
see your dear companion standing by your side day by 
day without a particle of real sympathy for your sick- 
ness, she telling you that you are not sick if you only 
would not think so. You realize that she does not un- 
derstand you. You feel alone, you are lonely, you long 
for outside friends to come in who indicate that they 
understand that you are really sick, and that it is not 
imagination alone. You find that she even tells your 
friends that it is her desire that they say nothing to 
encourage you in your belief that you are really sick. 
Time moves on, the end is approaching, even the sick 
man himself realizes that there is little or no hope; he 
prepares himself to be resigned, but even yet the dear 
wife imagines it is not real, and attempts to hold off 
the inevitable by the strength of her own will. 

The end has come, the reaper has harvested another 
sheaf. He who has spent months battling with the 
fell destroyer, has at last succumbed. He no longer 
feels the lack of sympathy that he one time so much 
desired, but which was denied him. 

Dear reader this is no parable, nor is it in the cre- 
ation of an imaginative brain, but a real story of life 
and dea*th. I am saying nothing for or against this 
" book selling scheme " which has made its originator 
wealthy. I am saying nothing against the system that 
may have some truth in it, when it comes to consider 
the ultimate condition of mankind, when death, sick- 
ness, sorrow, pain and distress will be done away, 
when evil and the devil will no longer trouble. I have 
only been giving facts as they affect human beings 
in our present state, and can only say with Jesus, 
" By their fruits shall ye know them." 

Mahno, Sweden. 

constant loss. True and vital Christianity is power in 
exchange on right lines of living. 

( )ur church is a power in civilization. Our member- 
ship is numerous, representing ability and wealth. 
We are gatherers in the great field of thought and 
merchandise. Our collections in the field of thought 
are wonderful, and the stock of ideas acquired are 
manifold — they are good, better, best. The church 
does not get their full benefit, because they are too 
often like the boys' pennies, spent on things that do 
not count, and in daily toil whose fruit the church does 
not receive. What is needed is the concentration of 
our thought and energy and seizing upon the highest 
purpose of church life, and that is the evangelization 
of the ivorld. If we would undertake to save the 
world, and drive our full force to that end, instead of 
being satisfied in saving a few individuals that may be 
located around our churchhouses, we would experience 
an expansion that would look like a recurrence of 
apostolic times. The highest unity known in the Gos- 
pel is the unity of purpose and right action. The 
newsboys' lofty purposes were drained out at the Ital- 
ian's till. A sad leak for the boys, because it was not 
one of purse, but of character as well. So also much 
of the thought and material wealth the church is ac- 
cumulating annually. Where do they go? Who gets 
these? Upon what are they spent? If all this would 
play in the hands of God as clay in the potter's hands, 
no one but the Divine could compute the results. 

It is harder to spend than to accumulate rightly. 
It requires a finer thought and a more Christ-like liv- 
ing to prosecute the former than the latter. In the 
Holy Scriptures we find a system of ethics and eco- 
nomics to which all other systems may justly bow in 
holy reverence. In the persons of Jesus and the 
apostles we find the accumulating and spending sides 
of life moet uniquely demonstrated. They struck the 
right key in material things which echoed the sweetest 
music in thought things. Their motto: This one 
thing we do. Unity of purpose, concentration, con- 
secration, God. 
Canton, Ohio. 



A few weeks ago as I was sitting in a carriage at 
a street corner in the city, I noticed an Italian fakir 
near by with a two-wheeled cart selling ice cream 
sandwiches at a penny apiece. 

I was curious to know the extent of his business 
and the classes patronizing him. It was soon evident 
that the newsboys were the guarantee of his success, 
for they came around his cart in young swarms, shak- 
ing their pennies in the fakir's face saying, " Give me 
a 'wich!" Well, it was a "witch," for these boys 
were selling papers at a penny apiece, running over 
street and alley wearing out shoe leather and their 
voices for the meager profits that so soon find their 
way into the Italian's till. 

What teaching is there in this observation ? The 
boys have a purpose in their work, but it wouldn't hold 
pennies. They in their indulgence are missing a 
principle upon which their success in the economic 
world depends, viz, that profits are power in exchange 
for right things. Pennies spent for useless things 
do not help one on in life. A leak is being established 
in their business, and in their character as well. 

From this example I get a great picture that reflects 
certain conditions in our church work. Not all the 
power represented by our numerical strength is vital 
power. Not all the energy that is expressed day by 
day in our Brotherhood count* for Christ, because 
we fear there are daily pursuits, habits and indul- 
gences that work against unity of purpose; hence a 


The most notable renunciation of faith in many 
years is that of the Marquise des Monstiers Merinville, 
the American heiress, who had contributed a third of 
her fortune, which amounted to about $2,000,000, to 
establish the Roman Catholic University at Washing- 
ton. The announcement of her repudiation of the 
church was so sensational and almost unbelievable that 
the Associated Press was asked to obtain confirmation 
of the report from the Marquise herself. She prompt* 
ly replied, " Yes, it is true that I have left the Roman 
Catholic church. Since I have been living in Europe 
my eyes have been opened to what that church really 
is and to its anything but sanctity. But the trouble 
goes much further back than this. Being naturally 
religious, my imagination was early caught by the 
idea of doing something to lift the church from the 
lowly position which it occupied in America, where 
its clergy could be educated and, if possible, refined. 
Of course, in this I was greatly influenced by Bishop 
Spalding of Peoria, who represented it to me as one 
of the greatest works of the day. When I was twen- 
ty-one I turned over to them one-third of my fortune 
for that purpose. But for years I have been trying to 
rid myself of the subtle, yet overwhelming influence 
of a church which pretends not only to the privilege 
of being ' the only true church,' but of being alone 
able to open the gates of heaven to a sorrowful, sinful 
world. At last my honest Protestant blood has as- 
serted itself and I now forever repudiate and cast off 
' the yoke of Rome.' " 

The Marquise, who was Miss Caldwell before her 
marriage, was never a Protestant, though her ancestors 
several generations removed had been so. So promi- 
nently has she been identified with the church at Rome, 
that it must have required great courage to assert her 
independence. There should be no vainglorying on 
the part of non-Romanists because of this serious loss 
to that ancient church. Every denomination loses 
members, but usually through backsliding or by reason 

of fault in the members themselves. It is not often 
that a member forsakes church ties with so sharp a 
rebuke or under circumstances so humiliating to the 
church itself. Roman Catholicism can recover some 
of the prestige which it has lost by reason of this re- 
markable event by returning the money which the 
Marquise has given in order that she may place it 
where it will work under auspices which she can heart- 
ily endorse. 



It has been the custom of our conference to return 
queries, petitions, etc., to the State districts in which 
they originated, when it was deemed best not to adopt 
them. The last three or four conferences disposed 
of an unusualy large number of papers in this way. 
It is apparent that a wrong impression has been 
made on some of our members by this disposing of 
these papers. Some feel that it is somewhat of a 
reflection on the authors of the papers, while others 
have gotten the impression that such a disposal of a 
paper annuls or weakens former decisions of the con- 
ference on the same or similar questions, neither of 
which is correct. Papers are treated in this way for 
several reasons. Lack of clearness, or definitcness may 
be a just cause for returning a paper; but I think the 
general cause of their being returned is either because 
the conference did not think it best to adopt the meas- 
ure, or because the paper was considered answered by 
previous decisions of the conference; hence unneces- 
sary to be repeated, with no effect except to unneces- 
sarily burden our minutes. 

There is a strong sentiment in our conference 
against passing so many decisions on a question, and 
an urgent desire to repeat and carry out our present 

It should be known that no former action of the 
conference can be legally affected, or annulled, by the 
return of a paper on the same subject; it can only be 
done by an express, or direct decision of the confer- 
ence, either by modifying, intensifying or repealing 
the decision. Neither should the speech of an in- 
dividual, or a number of individuals, on a question 
be regarded as a reason or authority for disregarding 
the decisions of the conference. It sometimes occurs 
that speeches of eminent brethren, reports of strong 
committees, and even the answers appended to papers 
by the Standing Committee, are disapproved of, or fail 
to be adopted by the conference. 

It is not considered a safe course of action or good 
policy to disregard the decisions of any body of 
counselors until such decisions have been revoked. 
It is even a question whether a congregation, or state 
district, has the right to " instruct " its delegation on 
any question coming before the conference for dis- 
cussion and adoption. Elucidations, explanations and 
arguments are useless to an " instructed" delegate. 
It is considered best to send intelligent, faithful dele- 
gates, full of the Holy Ghost, who, after hearing a 
question discussed fully and fairly, are able to deter- 
mine how to vote. All organizations need rules and 
government, without which disorder and anarchy will 
be the result. When a change is desired in any of 
the rulings and decisions of our conference, the ques- 
tion should be brought properly before the conference 
for consideration, in an intelligent, dispassionate and 
Christian manner, and its decisions respectfully carried 
out by all the congregations. In this way peace, har- 
mony and prosperity will be preserved. 
South Bend, Ind. 


You say that the absence of restfulness in modern 
life springs from the fierce struggle for existence. 
But the Bible goes a good deal deeper than that: the 
want of rest is rooted in the want of trust. Depend 
on it, he that believeth not is always in danger of 
feverish impatience. Depend upon it that, to the end 
of time, he that believeth shall not make haste. — G". H, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 1905. 





Obedience, a Condition of Loyalty. 
Feet-washing, a Religious Rite. 
The Lord's Supper. 
The Cup and Loaf. 
The Christian Salutation. 
Anointing the Sick with OiL 







Under the Jewish dispensation this was simply a 
social custom and was never considered a religious 
function either in the tabernacle service, the temple 
or synagogue worship. We shall consider it first in 
the light of 

An Act of Hospitality. 

The first account we have of it is found in Gen. 
18-4 Here we find Abraham entertaining angels, 
and after their greeting he said, " Let a little water 
I pray you be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest 
yourselves under the tree." In this instance the fol- 
lowing points may be considered: (l.) They washed 
their own feet. (2.) They were not in the house. 
(3.) No mention is made of their feet being soiled 
in their journey or o.f their sandals. They were an- 
gels. The next mention of this service is found in 
the chapter following, Gen. 19, and the guests are 
again angels. The entertainment is similar. It is 
not definitely known from the text whether the feet- 
the street or in the house. Other 

washing was m 

Sam. 11: 18; Luke 

nstances are Judges 19: 


r-ei us consider this New Testament citation, Luke 
7:44, for confirmation ol Cue fiti llml guests waslicd 
their own feet. Jesus was the guest of Simon the 
Pharisee. Simon failed to comply with the Eastern 
custom of setting water for the feet, and Jesus refers 
to this omission thus, " And he turned to the woman 
and said unto Simon, Seest thou this woman? I en- 
tered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for my 
feet: but she hath washed my feet with tears and 
wiped them with the hairs of her head." Verse 45. 
" Thou gavest me no kiss: but this woman since the 
time I came in, hath not ceased to kiss my feet." Verse 
46. "My head with oil thou didst not anoint: but 
this woman hath anointed my feet with ointment. 

We have traced this phase of our subject up through 
the new dispensation in order to get its bearing on 
social life and now return to the Old for another dis- 
tinct setting .of the subject. A brazen laver was 
placed between the tabernacle of the congregation and 
the altar that Aaron and his sons might wash their 
hands and their feet in its water before ministering 
at the altar. It was not only a privilege they enjoyed 
but the penalty of death was attached to its non-ob- 
servance. We have now briefly noticed all the Old 
Testament allusions to this service and now turn to 
the New. 


No mention was ever made of one person washing 
the feet of another person in or with the element of 
water until the very close of Christ's ministry, when 
in the large upper room in Jerusalem, in the presence 
of the twelve disciples, be institutes the Lord's supper, 
feet-washing and the Eucharist or communion of 
bread and wine. Jesus himself, on that night of his 
betrayal became servant of all. The supper was ev- 
idently prepared and they were all seated around the 
sacred hoard. The order of exercises that night as 
pertaining to these sacred rites was as follows : 

1. Jesus arose from a prepared meal. 

2. He laid aside his garments. 

3. He took a towel and girded himself. 

4. He poured water into a basin. 

5. He washed the disciples' feet. 

6. He wiped their feet with the towel. 

7. They ate the supper. 

8. He then instituted the communion with bread and 

When he came to Simon Peter the following con- 
versation took place: 
Peter. — "Dost thou wash my feet?" 
Jesus.—" What I do thou knowest not now. but 
thou shalt know hereafter." 
Peter. — " Thou shalt never wash my feet." 
Jesus.—" If I wash thee not thou hast no part with 

p et er.—" Lord, not my feet only but also my hands 

and my head." 

Jesus.— " He that is washed needeth not save to 
wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are 
clean but not all." 

The facts gleaned from this conversation clearly 
indicate. ( I ) that Peter did not understand this les- 
son of humility. It was entirely new to all of them, 
for it had never been observed in this way before, 
i. e., as a religious rite, neither in their day nor in 
any other age. (2) When Peter realized that his 
salvation depended upon this act of submission and 
obedience, he was willing to do even more than was 
required. (3) Whether Jesus referred to the bath- 
ings or washings common among the Jews' before 
eating or to the ordinance of baptism, the washing 
of the feet was now the point in question. This or- 
dinance, with the others, was then as well as now 
highly typical. 

; he Object of Feet-washing in the New 


The primary object of this lowly service was to 

teach humility. Just before this the disciples bad been 

disputing as to which of them should be the greatest 

and it was necessary to humble their pride. 

Secondarily, to give them an object lesson of Jesus' 
lowly nature, to beget within them a spirit of equal- 
it)', and show them how to teach others. The very 
idea of the King of Glory condescending to wash 
the feet of his poor fishermen brethren was enough 
to convince them that they were making very little 
sacrifice in performing to their equals what he had 
done to them. It is by no means a condescension for 
us, and we should not think of it that way. If the 
foregoing statements are not conclusive enough, then 
hear him say, " For I have given you an example, 
that ye should do as I have done to you." Can any 
language be stronger? Does any one doubt the result 
of Peter's refusal to have his feet washed? It would 
have affected his standing with Christ socially, spirit- 
ually, eternally. But does this refer to us? Why not? 
Who said that this service had its fulfillment that 
night? With Christ as its author who dare say it was 
wrong then or is wrong now? If it be admitted that 
it is not wrong then the natural and logical conclu- 
sion is that it is right. It right then, why not prac- 
tice it? If our conclusions are right that the disciples 
needed it to humble their pride and bring them into 
closer touch with each other and with Christ 
who is the author of a plain gospel for a 
plain people; and, if similar conditions exist 
to-day, then we need it too. But can apostolic 
succession be proven as in the communion service 
of the bread and wine ? As late as A. D. 65 the test 
was applied by the apostle to determine whether a 
widow was worthy to be taken into a certain circle, 
" If she have brought up children, if she have lodged 
strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she 
have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently fol- 
lowed every good work." I Tim. 5 : 10. In the 
oriental act of hospitality water must be brought for 
11113' g Llest > whether saint or sinner. The Christian 
ordinance is celebrated by saints only. The Albigen- 
ses, a very ancient sect, observed it. Mr. C. Schmidt, 
Professor of Theology, of Strassburg, Alsace, France 
(now Germany), in his history of the Albi- 

genses, page 26, says : " They had adopted the custom 
of washing one another's feet in imitation of the ex- 
ample of the Savior, who had washed the feet of his 
disciples to give them a lesson of humility." Many of 
the churches in our own country formerly practiced 
this sacred rite, but it has fallen into disrepute as the 
churches have grown more worldly. All must ad- 
mit that we are in an age of apostasy and substitution, 
and many hearts are bleeding at the utter disregard 
of the simple teachings of the lowly Nazarene. Plain 
are the words, " If ye know these things, happy are 
ye if ye do them." 
Flora, Jnd. 



The query on rebaptism before the Brotherhood 
has reference to receiving into fellowship members 
from the Old Order Brethren without baptizing them 
again. In this article I shall endeavor to confine my- 
self to the query. It is not strange that we should 
differ on this subject as our teaching and experience 
have been different. So wherein we differ let it be in 

First of all, we don't think that any of us claim that 
the good people are all in the Brethren church and all 
outside of our fellowship belong to the kingdom of the 
world. The theory that all outside of our fellowship 
are utterly disqualified to officiate in holy things, im- 
plies that we have an unbroken organic connection 
with the apostolic church, which none of us claim. 
From very early times there have been withdrawls from 
what was known as the " mother church." No doubt 
some of these withdrawals were unscriptural or wrong, 
but the natural tendency is for the world to crowd in- 
to the church and sink it down on a level with the 
world. This condition has led to some withdrawals 
in order to bring about needed reforms, and to main- 
tain the gospel principles, whether right or wrong. 
This is what has happened many times. So it is with 
the dissenters who have often maintained or preserved 
the gospel order in the church! If the work of the 
dissenter is all illegal or unscriptural, then who in all 
Christendom is legally qualified to officiate in holy 
things, except the Catholic priest or possibly the Greek 
priests! Have not all the dissenters been expelled 
by the so-called mother church? Is the church in- 
fallible? Do we not sometimes decide on a query in 
the church council and afterward reconsider and make 
some change? Tertullian withdrew from the mother 
church on account of disorder in the church that he 
could not correct, and joined a body of dissenters who 
bad withdrawn before. Do you suppose that baptism 
administered by him afterward was illegal? Do we 
have gospel authority for expelling a brother for with- 
drawing from the church on account of what he con- 
siders disorder in the church, as we expel the gross 
offender and treat him as a heathen man and a publi- 
can ? Could we not with safety let such alone at least 
for a while, until they have plenty of time to consider 
the important question? 

We are referred to Acts 19, for gospel authority 
for rebaptizing those who come to us for fellowship 
from the Old Order Brethren. It is intimated that 
these were rebaptized because the administrator in the 
first baptism was not legally authorized. We think we 
see several other reasons for the rebaptizing. (1) 
They evidently were not properly instructed before 
baptism. (2) It is evident they were not baptized ac- 
cording to the gospel formula. How could they be 
and not hear of the Holy Ghost? We consider this a 
sufficient reason for baptizing, and we favor very much 
the rebaptism of all such. 

The administrator is the third consideration. 
Have there not members been baptized by an 
administrator who was afterward proven to have 
been guilty of gross crime at the time? Was he a 
subject of the kingdom of grace at the time? Was 
that baptism legal? Now, what is the difference be- 
tween this case and a case where an applicant from the 
Old Order Brethren did not know the difference be- 
tween the two bodies at the time of his baptism? I 

tx itmrnmn 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 1906. 

suppose we all agree that it is possible for a penitent 
to experience a genuine conversion in uniting with the 
Old Order Brethren. 

We understand that whatsoever is not of faith is 
sin, and also that baptism is for the remission of sin, 
using the word " for " in the sense of " in order to " 
attd not "because of." Now suppose an applicant 
from the Old Order Brethren comes to us for fellow- 
ship. He is satisfied that he experienced a genuine 
conversion when he united with the Old Order Breth- 
ren and his life testifies to it. The elder in charge 
to whom he applies for fellowship agrees with him in 
this, but the church council requires rebaptism. 
Would this baptism be for remission of sin or the 
commission of sin? 

Now in what we next present, we will not suppose, 
because we have seen it tried and consequently know 
whereof we speak. We have seen Old Order mem- 
bets taken into the church without rebaptizing, who 
had been baptized by an expelled brother on account 
of uniting with the Old Order Brethren, and they 
are excellent, devoted, faithful members, no one 
doubting their sincerity. We are satisfied that they 
would not have united with us had rebaptism been 

But now for an answer to the query. How was 
the Sunday-school question settled when it disturbed 
the church years ago? And the trouble about the 
mode of feet-washing later on? Were they not dis- 
posed of by submitting the questions to the local con- 
gregations, and could not this question, with safety to 
the church, be solved in the same way? Who knows 
better than the local congregation what is necessary 
to qualify one for membership in the Brethren church ? 

Furthermore, it is admitted that our primitive breth- 
ren, in re-establishing the church, started somewhat 
irregularly, as they did not have a baptized adminis- 
trator to start the baptism. They did the best they 
could under the circumstances. We suppose they did, 
and perhaps others who withdrew did what they 
thought was for the best. So let us consider them 
sincere until the contrary is proven. 

Warrensbitre, Mo. 

5.00; j. F. 

Frantz, Abl- 
5 50 
27 00 

5 50 

6 96 

4 33 
10 03 

Indiv. Johanna Jolitz, Solomon, 
lene, 50 cents 

Southwestern. Cons. Monitor, $27.00 

Northwestern. Indiv. John Aukerman, Devices. 

Southwestern. Cong. Altamount, §6.96 

Pennsylvania — S57.15 — Southern. Congregation. 

burg, $4.92, 

Sunday School. Pleasant Grove. $10.09 

Indiv. H. K. Miller, HuntSdale, JB.OO; Mrs. Lizzie Esliel- 
man, Naberth, $1.00; Wm. A. Anthony, Shady Grove. 50 cents; 

Margaret Calhoun, Everett, $5.00 5 00 

Middle, Indiv. A. S. Brumbaugh. 'Martlnsburg, 30 cents; 
A Brother and Sister, Scalp Level. $15.00; Sallle E. Shaffer. 
Harrisburg, $1.94; Phoebe Zook. Mattawana, $1.00. 18 21 
Western. Congregation. Dunn in gs Creek, $5.00; Green- 
ville, $3.40 8 40 

Indiv. Samuel Naylor. Erie, $2.00; P. J. Slough, Hoovers- 
ville, marriage notice, SO cents; Mrs. J. L. Vought, Elk Llek, 

50 cents 3 00 

Eastern, Indiv. A Sister, Philadelphia, $1.00, ... 1 00 
Ohio — S50.35. — Southern, Cong. Brookvllle, $16.00; Lud- 
low. $5.35 21 35 

Indiv. D. W, Kneislv, Dayton. $4.50; Mrs. Clara A. Hollo- 
way, and daughters, $2.00; Ey.ra Flory, Union, 50c, 7 00 
Northeastern. Indiv. Mary Shroyer, Pierce, $3.00; Eliza B. 

Lantz. Baltic, $2.00 5 00 

Northwestern. Cong, Lo^an. 312.00 12 00 

Indiv. John A. Trackler. $5.00 5 00 

North Dakota — S40.53. — Coup. Surrey, $27.78; Berthold, 

$6.75 34 53 

Sunday School. James River. $5.50 5 50 

Indiv. John Stong, Cando, marriage notice. 50c. 60 

Maryland — S36.60.--Mlddle, Indiv. G. E. Gnagey, Accident. 

$10,000; Caleb Long, Boonsboio, $15.00 25 00 

Eastern, Individual. D. Owen Cottrell, Union Bridge, 

$11.60 11 CO 

21 00 
10 00 
16 10 
1 60 

Louisiana — 331.00.— Cong. Roanoke, $21.00 

Indiv. Mr. & Mrs. Bollnger, Bolinger, $10.00, 

North Carolina— S17.70.— I'.ms. Mill Creek, $16.10. 

Indiv. F. L. Davis, Jamesville, $1.60 

Minnesota — $16.00. — Indiv. Peter Summer. Hancock, $15.00; 
Louisa Weatb, Wabasha, $1.00 16 00 

Indiana — $14.22.— Northern, Indiv. Rachel Weaver, Brlm- 
fleld, $1.00; Minnie Swiliart, Churubusco, $3.52; Mrs. Lottie 
Hummel. South Whitley. $1,00; H. H. Brnlller, Pierceton. 
marriage notice, 50 cents; Jonathan M. Crlpe, North Liberty, 
marriage notice, 50 cents; A Sister, LaGrange. $1.00. 7 52 

Mid. lie, CoTig. Somerset & Wabash, $5.00; Pipe Crook, 
$1.70 6 70 

Oklahoma — $11.87.— Cong. Washa, $7.00 7 00 

Indiv. Sue Wine. Guthrie, $3.00; I. J. Poley, Klldare. 
$1.87 4 87 

South Dakota — $10.50. — Cong. Willow Creek, ... 10BO 

West Virginia— $5.00. — Second District, Cong. Greenland, 


He comes as the brightener into our life, to double 
our joys and halve our griefs. He conies as the 
counsellor, to give wisdom to our plans. He comes 
as the strengthener, to multiply our opportunities and 
be hands and feet for us in our absence. But above 
all use like this he comes as our rebuker, to explain 
our failures and shame us from our lowness ; as our 
purifier, our uplifter. our ideal, whose life to us is a 
constant challenge in our heart, " Friend, come up 
higher, higher along with me; that you and I may be 
those truest lovers who are nearest to God when near- 
est to each other." — Christian Endeavor World. 


In case 

See that the amount appears properly herewith. 
It does not, writ© at once to the committee. 

All mission funds for general work should be sent to and 
in the name of General Missionary and Tract Committee. 
Elgin, Illinois. 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee acknowledges 
receipt of the following donations during the month of No- 
vember, 1904. In the Missionary Visitor for January. 1905. 

Iowa. — $103.38 — Middle, Indiv. D\ W. Miller. Robins. $10.00; 
A Brother. Pierson, $2.00 ~ 
J. S. Snyder, 




New York- 
California^ — $1.12. 

Tennessee — $1.05. 



i 00 

-Indiv. E. H. Eby, Brooklyn. 5 00 

Indiv. Belinda Riley. Tropica, l 12 

•Indiv. Minnie McCrary, White Pine. 52 

Washing-ton — $1.00. — I n 

Taklma, $1.00 

Idaho — $1.00.— Indiv. i 

Canada— -$1.00. — Indiv. 


1 06 


1 00 

1 00 

1 00 

Total for the year so far 

Kansas — $111.92.— Northeastern, Cong. 

Appanoose, $20.10; 
Sabetha, SI 6.-I0; Washington Creek, S14.81; Ola the, $13,81; 

Abilene, $10.00; Cuttonwood church, $5. SO 86 93 

Indiv. A Brother, Sabetha, $25,00 25 00 

Nebraska — $41.74.— Cong. Bethel, $13. 6S; Falls City, $10.- 
55; Kearney, $8.85; Arcadia. $4.00 ; Hope Memorial, $4.16; 

Octavia, 50 cents, 41 74 

North Dakota — 340.00.- — Cong. Cando, $-10.00 40 00 

Ohio — $39.34. — North eastern, Cong. Morrill 35 80 

Northwestern, Indiv. David Shong, Sherwood, . . 3 54 

Virginia — $24.02. — First District. Cone- Peters Creek, 

$18.02 18 02 

Sunday school Oak Grove, $6.00 6 00 

Illinois — $20.00. — .Southern. Cong. Woodland, .. 15 00 

Northern, Cong. Shannon, $5.00 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $11.40. — Southern, Indiv. Harvey S toner, 
Alice, $1.00; Maria Stoner, Alice, 50 cents; Iva St on or, Alice. 
50 cents; Levi Stoner, Alice, $5.40; Nora E. Negley, Alten- 

wald. $1.60 9 40 

Western, Indiv. M. S. Miller and Wife, New Paris, 2 00 

Indiana— $6.00.— Northern, Cong. Oak Grove, ... 5 00 

Indiv. A Brother 1 00 

Tennessee — $4.00. — Cong. French Broad 4 00 

Iowa — $2.50. — Northern, Indiv. Mrs. Hugh F,. Walton, Sib- 
ley, $2.50 2 50 

Oklahoma — $1.00.— Indiv. Wm. Plant. Graves, ... 1 00 

C. A. & E. S. Moore. Eldora. $50.00; 
Brooklyn. $10.27; J. S. Zimmerman. Waterloo. 

e. 50 cents 9 72 77 

Southern. Cong, South Keokuk, $13.91; Pleasant Hill. 

$5.70 19 61 

Indiv. C. M. Brower. South English. 50 cents; Mrs. D. M. 

Banghman. Pulaski, 50 cents 1 00 

Northern. Indiv. G. A. Moore, Eldora, $10.00 10 00 

Illinois — $83.25. — Northern, Cong. Waddams Grove. $18.25; 

Shannon. $28.15; Dixon, $2.00; Milledgeville, SH.00, 57 40 

Indiv. Wm. R. Brattin, Mt. Carroll, $5.00; I. F. Butter- 

baugh, Lanark, 83 cents; Jacob F. Butterbaugh, Lanark, $5.00; 

A Brother, Leaf River, $5.00; S. J. Flke. Milledgevllle, 

$10.00, 25 83 

Virginia — $71.15.— Second District, Cong. Sangervllle, $12.- 

47; Mt. Carmel, $10.63 23 10 

Indiv. Ruth E. Layman. Harrisonburg. $1.00; James Mc- 

Bride. Spring Creek, $3.00; Arthur B. Miller. Timberville, 

$1.00: F. D. Kennett. Kennett, $1.00 6 00 

Mission Board. $36 05 -- 36 05 

First District. Indiv. Geo. S. Arnold, Burlington, 6 00 

Missouri — $68.63. — Middle. Cong. Middle Creek. 25 87 

Indiv. Amos Wampler, Knobnoster, 7 cents, .... 07 

District Meeting. $26.19 

Northern. Cong. Pleasant View. $6.50, 

Southern, Indiv. A Brother, $10.00 

Nebraska— 361.35. — Cong. South Beatrice. $12.85; 

Total for the year so far $ 1495 29 

Pennsylvania — $236.07. — Eastern. Cong. Hatfield, $73.66; 

Little Swatara, $38.60; Rldgelyj $;W.OO 143 16 

Sunday school. Indian Creek 10 00 

Southern, Indiv. John B. Miller, New Paris, $7.07; A 
Brother, Yellowereek. $4.00; Mattle G. Hollinger, Abbotatown, 
$3.00; Peter Knavel, Scalp Level, $5.00; Geo. and Rosle Myers, 
New Enterprise, $5.00; Simon Snvdor, New Enterprise, $5.00; 

Samuel Baker, Waterside. $10.00 39 07 

Western, Cong. Myersdale, $32.84; Dunnlngs Creek. 

$6.00 38 84 

Illinois— $75.70.— Northern. Cong. Sliver Creek, $26.00; 

Lanark. $21.89 46 89 

Indiv. L. J. Gardes. Coleta, $5.00 6 00 

Southern. Cong. Cerrogordo. $23. SI 23 81 

Iowa — $15,00. — Southern. Indiv. A Brother and Sister, 

Ollie, $10.00 10 00 

Northern, Indiv. L. S, Snyder, Mo. Valley 5 00 

Ohio — $15.00.— Northeastern. Mohican Sisters' Aid So- 
ciety, $10.00 10 00 

Indiv. Geo. S. Grim, Louisville, $5.00 5 00 

West Virginia — $10.15. — Second District, Sunday School. 

Pleasant View, $10.15, 10 15 

Indiana — $12.00. — Middle, Prayer Meeting. North Manches- 
ter, $5.00 5 00 

Indiv. Sophia Voorhls, New Waverly, $2.00 2 00 

Southern, Indiv. Franklin Johnson, Linden 5 00 

Maryland — S8.00. — Middle, Indiv. Miss Emma Wolf, Tllgh- 

man, $8.00 8 00 

Texas — $6.90. — Cong. Manvel, $6.90 6 90 

Kansas— $6.70. — Southwestern, Cong. McPherson. 5 20 

Northeastern, Cong. Kansas City, $1.00 1 00 

Northwestern. Indiv. W. C. Helsel, Morland 50 

Virginia — $2.00 Second District, Indiv. J. M. Wright and 

Wife, Eridgewater, $2.00 2 00 

Total for year so far 

Ohio — $52.12 Northeastern, Indiv. Lena Longar 

er, Palestine, $2.00; Katie Flory, Union, $2.00, 

Northwestern. Cong. Alvada, $6.12 

Indiv. Lydla Fried, Montpeller. $2.00, ... 
Illinois — $19.76.— Southern. Cong. Sugar 

Shannon, $1.00, 

Creek. $15,00 

26 19 
6 50 
10 00 
28 85 

Indiv. Chas. Ulrey. Sidney. $1.00; Kent Chllders. Sidney. 
SI. 00; John Cawley, Sidnev. $1.00; J. S. Gabel and Wife, 
$25.00; H. A. Frantz. Firth. 50 cents; L. R. Stutzman. Vir- 
ginia, SI. 00; J. U. Slingluff, Sidney. $3.00 32 50 

Kansas — $57.96. — Northeastern. Cong. Abilene, $5.00; 
Washington, $5.00 10 00 

Sunday School. Sugar Creek. $3.76 3 76 

Pennsylvania — S15.00. — Eastern, Indiv. Abraham Cassel. 

Harlevsville. $15.00 15 00 

Virginia — $10.00. — Second DtRtrlct. Pleasant Valley Sisters' 

Aid Society, $10.00 10 OO 

Kansas — $6.20.— Southwestern, Cong- McPherson, 5 20 

Northeastern, Cong. Kansas City 1 00 

California — $5.00. — Sunday School. Covlna Class Number 

I 5 00 

Alabama— $5.00. — Indiv, Luther Petry, Glrard. . , 5 00 

Indiana^— 32.46. — Middle. Sunday School. Roann, 2 46 

Iowa— $2.00. — Southern, Individual. A Brother and Sis- 

ter a oo 

Missouri— $1.60.— Northern, Indiv. Anna Keller, Cherry 

Box. 1 OO 

Southern, Indiv. Naoina Morris, Annlster 50 

Maryland— $1.00.— Middle. Indiv. Alfred Engler, New 
Windsor i 00 

Total for month of November 9 130 04 

Previously reported, 99 50 

Total for year so far 5 2*9 54 

Pennsylvania — $63.13. — Eastern, Cong. Pittsburg. $16.00; 

Ridgoly, S11.83; Coventry. $8.00 35 88 

Indiv. Rov Illldebrjuid. Ephrata 1 25 

Southern, Sunday School. Green Tree 25 00 

Western, Indiv. Mrs. Maggie Cobb. Llndsey 1 00 

Virginia — $55.70.— Second District, Indiv.. Mabel Long Ken- 
dig. Stuarts Draft, $1.60; Lizzie U. Grim. Timberville, 

$9,60 ll °° 

Cong. Glade Church, $16.00; Beaver Creek. $12.70, 28 70 

First District, Indiv. Mr. and Mrs. L. R. Kinzie, ^an- 

Kansas— ^S43.68.— South western. Cong. Kansas Center, 
SIS. 00 18 00 

Sunday School. Slato Creel; 1 68 

Indiv. Jacob and Amanda Wltmore, McPherson. 16 00 

Northeastern. Cong. Abilene, $5.00; Topeka church and 
Sunday school, $3.00 8 oo 

Ohio — $22.00. Nor tli western, Suiuhiv S. houl, Elizabeth F. 
Miller's Class, Lima 15 00 

Smith. tii, Indiv. Bertha Ellen Bryant, Dayton. $5.00; Susan 
M. Shellauarser, $2.00 7 oo 

North Dnkota — $21,00.— Indiv. Clara A. Blocher. Haven, 
$16,110; Miss lava Whltmer, White Earth. $5.00 21 OO 

Nebraska — $16.00. Smith Beatrice Sisters' Aid Society, 

sie,oo I 6 oo 

Idaho— ^$1G.OO. — Niv.peiio SIsU'1-h' Aid Society, . ... 16 00 

IlJJjioiB — $15,85. — Northern, Indiv. Blanche Lentz. Elgin, 

$-1 00 4 °° 

Cong. Shannon, $6.00; Waddams Grove. $6,86, ... 11 85 

Colorado — 315.00, — Sunday School, St. Vrnln 16 00 

Iowa— S6.80. South. tii, Sunday School. Mrs F. E. Miller's 

, -| i(SS 680 

Michigan— —Woodland Sisters' Aid Society. 4 oo 

Oregon — $4.00. — Indiv. J. H. and Dessa Krops, Independ- 

TennoBSOO— $2.30. — Cong. French Broad 2 30 

Indiaua— $1.00.— Southern, Indiv. An Invalid Sister, La- 
Total for month of November $ 286 46 

Previously reported ■ 217° 97 

Total for year so far $ 2457 43 

Missouri— $2.00.— Southern. Cong. Spring Rive r. 3 00 

Total for month of November 8 2 00 

Previously reported l 00 

Total for year so far 3 3 00 

Kansas — $2.13. — Northeastern, Cong. Kansas City, 2 13 

Total for month of November 8 2 00 

Previously reported 1 00 

Total for year so far 9 3 13 

lUinois — $1.00. — Northern, Cong. Shannon, 1 °° 

Total for month of November 9 1 00 

Previously reported • n a ° 

Total for year so far 9 12 26 


Illinois— 32.00.— Northern, Cong. Shannon. ■•■•■■ k 2 00 

Pennsylvania — 55 cents.— Southern, Indiv. Llbbie A. Glsh. 

Palmyra j fjf 

Total for month November 9 2 55 

Previously reported 7 25 

Total for year so far 9 9 80 


Alabama— $5.00.— Itnllv. Luther Petry, Glrard, , . 5 00 

Kansas — 81.00. — Northeastern, Kansas City 1 00 

Illinois — $1.00. — Northern, Cong. Shannon, ...... 1 00 

Total for month of November 3 7 00 

Previously reported • • m " 5 

Total for year so far 9 118 76 


Pennsylvania. — 82.82. — Western, Cong. Ten Mile, 3 33 
Southern Indiv. Mrs. Hugh E. Walton, Palmyra. 50 
Iowa — 82.60, — Nor thorn, Indiv. Mrs. Hugh E. Walton, Sib- 
ley 2 50 

Illinois — $2.00.— Northern, Cong. Shannon 2 0Q 

Total for month of November 9 7 32 

Previously reported 80 OQ 

Total for year so far, 9 87 32 

Correction. — In November report, under Brooklyn Meeting- 
house Fund $5 should have been credited to A Brother and 
Sister, Bradford, and $6 to Upper Stillwater. Instead of $10 
to Upper Stillwater. 

Caah Received.— By balance, 20 cents; H. H. Johnson, Pleas- 
•mt Lake \ Dak., $1.00; .Mrs. Winters. Chicago, $1.25; North 
English. In.. S. S., per S. A. Miller, South English, $2.36; B. A. 
WciU' i'lii<--i|/<> $1 00; Mrs. Anna Presser, Chicago, $1.25; A. F. 
Wine Walden, III.. $1.00; General Board. $30.00; "A Sister," 
Canton. Ohio, $5.00; Rachel Hamman, Warsaw. Ind., $1.00; 
Mary McDannol, LaGrange, III.. $1.00; Ella McDannel, Cedar 
Rapids, In., 50 cents; D. W. Kneisly, Dayton, Ohio, $5.00; 
I II Dillon, Floyd. Va.. (special) $2.00; Fannie L. Moore, 
SmlthhVId, Pa,. $1.00; "Mrs. G. N. D„" Williams Mills, Pa.. 
SI. 00; Mrs. Samuel Myers. Sterling, 111.. $5.00; "An Isolated 
Bister " Butler, v< , $3.00; Samuel Studebaker. Pearl City, 
111., (special) $5,00; Glfls from Chicago friends, special for 
Thanksgiving dinners, $8.91; Mrs, Samuel Studebaker, Pearl 
City ill $5.00; David Clem, Walkerton. Ind., $1.00; Nancy 
Marshburn and her class, El Modona, California, $2.00; Bow- 
bells, N. Dak., church, per J. A. Weaver. $9.16; "A Sister." 
Union Ohio, $1.00; Lizzie Rawlins, W. Hinsdale, 111.. $1.00; 
Rebecca Alhaunh, Morgan Park, III., 25 cents; L. Hortense 
t,ear , $5.00; " A Thanksgiving olTerlng." from Inde- 
pendence, Oregon. $2.70; Anna R. Burkhart, Zion. N. Dak.. 
$3,00; Industrial School. SI. 07. Total. $111.55 

Cash Foid Out. — Living Fund. $9.78; Rent. $10.00; Gas, 
$140- Help to poor, SIS. 61: Industrial Work. $1.93; Inciden- 
tals, $10.2-1; Support for workers, $22.00; Carfare for mission 
visits. $1.20. Total ■- R75 16 

Cash on hand $38.39 

660 3. Ashland Ave. Cora Cripe. 


Fairvlow, Canada.— D. Warren Shock, $5.65. 

Arizona. — GWidaic church, per Wm. Welgold. S6.25. 

Indiana, — Mtincie S. S., per Geo. L. Studebaker, $6.70; Buck 
Creelc, $6.69; Elizabeth Robblson, S3. 60. 

Illinois. — Pine Creek. $1.25. 

Maryland.— Brownsville church, per G. Fouch, $19.00; Pleas- 
ant View, per D. Ausherman. $22.33. 

New York. — Brooklyn Sunday School. " birthday bank." 
$7.00: J. Kurtz Miller's class, $5,00; Sister Hood. $5.00. 

Ohio.— Maple Grove, per Clara Beeghly, $17.62; David Byer- 
Iv and wife. $5,00: North Star church. $5.00. 

Pennsylvania.— Wavnesboro church, $13.00; Roaring Springs, 

Oklahoma. — Big Preck church, $9.25. 

Washington, D. O. — Mary K Flohr. $1.00, 

Yours In His Service. 

J. Kurtz Miller 

5901 3rd Ave.. Brooklyn. N. Y- Jan. 1, 1905. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 190S. 



Text: Personal Beauty. 
Just about one of the worst things that can befall 
a person is the gift of great personal beauty. Eagerly 
sought for and helped out by all the artificialisms ex- 
tant, it has wrought endless trouble in the world. 
Most, if not all, of the world's great men and women 
have been and are plain people. Most of the authors, 
artists and the like are not handsome people from 
the street point of view. Nor may one expect perfec- 
tion of feature and form surrounding an abnormal 
mind and marked personality— very rarely does it hap- 
pen. It is not in the nature of things. 

But there is a beauty attainable by everybody, that, 
after all, is all that is worth seeking. It is a growth 
that has its roots in clean hands and a pure heart. 
Beauty of life, that is to say, the beauty of living right- 
ly, impresses itself on the features in an unmistakable 
way. The faces of the really good shine from the 
glow within, making the plainest features radiant. 
Go into one of our own churches, and sit up in front, 
scan the faces, and here and there you will see features 
with the hall-mark of the dear Lord on them. The 
people who have this distinguishing beauty are always 
unconscious of it. It comes to them because their lives 
are poems. Learn Christ, study him, imitate him, and 
all things worth while will come to you. Many a face, 
framed with a bonnet, is fair to look upon. Put on 
a flaring hat and it is of the common commonplace. 
A good many of the sisters don't know that, and some 
learn by experiment that it is true. 

There is only one true, permanent beauty, the beau- 
ty of Christ. Get it. It is something that never grows 
old, and never dies. 
Elgin, III. 


Have the advocates of infant baptism ever consid- 
ered what would be the result should the practice be- 
come universal ? Let us see : 

First, it would set aside believers' baptism. There 
would be no believers in that case to baptize. 

Second, it would make void the great commandment, 
" He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved." 

Third, there would be no need of preaching the 
Gospel, as all would be in the church before they could 
accept the Gospel. 

Fourth, all would be in the church without faith. 

Fifth, there would not, could not, be a converted 
person in the church ; all would be in the church be- 
fore they could be converted. 

Sixth, if we were baptized in infancy, everybody 
would be in the church, hence the church would con- 
tain all the wicked people in the world. 

Seventh, it would blot out the line between the 
church and the world. In truth there would be no 
world, all would be church members. 

Eighth, there being no regenerated persons in the 
church, there could not be any Christians in such a 
church, hence such a practice would wipe out the 
church of Christ entirely. — Christian Advocate. 



When we view him in this sense, all admit that it 
is safe to follow him. But, strange to say, though 
true, we are slow to follow. In every thing else we 
want to be sure that we have that which is absolutely 
safe. And yet the things about which we are so anx- 
ious and careful are of little value when compared 
with what Jesus will lead us to. 

Our principal reason for objecting to his leadership 
is because he leads us by a route where we cannot 
indulge in the vanities of this world. And here is 
where the carnally minded say, " We will not have 

this man to reign over us." Luke 19: 14. When CHRISTIAN WORKERS' TOPIC. 

this is the case, then we are liable to fall in with ' For Sunday Evenlns. January 22. 1905. 

leaders who will teach as the people desire. See Ezra .--- — 

22: 28, which says, " Her prophets have daubed them THE JOURNEY HEAVENWARD.— Heb. 13:14-21. 

with untempered mortar, seeing vanity, and di- 

vining lies unto them, saying, Thus saith the Lord L Where Believers Walk. 

„ „ , , _ ,,,,,, „ T ■*. l- Old Paths, Jer. 6: 16 

God, when the Lord hath not spoken. Is it not mar- % ^ .^ Counsel of Ungod , yi Psa 1:1 

velous that any one would leave the path where Jesus 3 Not After the world Eph. 2: 2 

leads, and follow some one who will teach false doc- jj How Believers Walk. 

trine? There can be but one reason given, and that 1. By Faith, 2 Cor. 5:7 

is because it is more in harmony with the flesh. But 2. In Safety Psa. 23: 4 

Paul says, "If ye live after the flesh, ye shall die." 3 - Satisfied, Philpp. 4:11 

Rom. 8: 13. Here let us carefully notice 1 Cor. 2: 12, IIL Some o£ * he Travelers. 

which says, " Now we have received, not the spirit of \ Abraham Heb. 11:8 

/ ' . _ . . , . , . , ~ . ,f , 2. Isaac and Jacob, Heb. 11:9 

the world, but the Spirit which is of God; that we 3 yeomen Heb n-35 

might know the things that are freely given to us of 4. Many Others Heb. 11:13 

God." 5. Others Heb. 11:32 

Here it is clearly shown that there are two spirits ttt 6 - Vs ' ■""" Heb - 11:4 ° 

«_..-, / , . A j ■£ t 11 1 a IV. Glorious End, 1 Peter 1:4 

by which we may be led. And 11 we follow our lead- 
er, Christ, we will be led by the Holy Spirit. And L Where Believers Walk, 
everybody will admit that this is safe. If we follow *■ The picture presented is that of a religious anti- 

,. .' . 1 ■ z f\ • t. -if ) r ■ „,„, quarian. The new ways and new methods must be re- 

the leadership of Christ, we will make a safe journey _,,., ., , .. m 

, , _ , , , , garded with a certain degree of suspicion. The old chart 

from earth to heaven. But we must take heed, for 1 and compass have been ful]y tested 

John 4: 1 says, " Beloved, believe not every spirit, but 2. " If sinners entice thee, consent thou not." Refuse 
try the spirits, whether they are of God ; because many to-day and it is easier to-morrow. We ought to rejoice 
false prophets are gone out into the world." From tiist our Savior defeated Satan in every temptation. 
this we can easily see why Christ, the safe leader, said, 3 ' The ^elites at times did not appreciate their free- 
„ ™ , , , , , , ,, M , A , dam from Egyptian bondage and longed for former con- 
Take heed what vou hear. Mark 4: 24. And ,i;,.;„„„ r-i „ „ , c ... , ~, . 
. 7 . ditions. Glean some lessons from the journey of Chns- 
again we are warned of the danger in following any tian in " Pilgrim's Progress." 
other than Christ. Jer. 23 : 21 says, " I have not sent n Hqw Believers Wrffc 
these prophets, yet they ran: I have not spoken to ,_ A good definmon fof ^ . g iffo ^ ^ ^ ^ 
them, yet they prophesied. When we know the un- dark .» The. farmer, the merchant, the miner, the specu- 
safety of men as leaders, we ought to think a great lator and many more have some kind of faith, and do 
deal of Christ as a leader, who we know is safe. He not know it. 
leadeth into °reen pastures. ^ ^ ne " Good Shepherd" understands the perilous con- 

i dition of the Christian's highway; — not the way itself, but 

its environments. 

THE PRAYER MEETING. 3. If Paul could have a contented mind encumbered as 

— ' "e was, it ought to be a pleasure for us to sit down to 

For the Week Beginning January 22, 1905. a fu „ tab , e prepared by others > hands 

HOW CAN WE GLORIFY GOD?— 1 Cor. 6:19, 20. IIL Some of the Travelers. 

'■ ^ 1S "ot surprising to see the tourist or prospector 

traveling in a strange land, for there is something in 

1. By Confession of our Sin.— Josh. 7: 19; Prov. 28: 13; view; but Abraham's prospects were of a different nature. 
" s - 32:5. 2. The sons of royalty have much to expect, being in 

2. By Placing our Trust in Him.— Rom. 4:20; John 11: ' the natural line of succession; but neither Isaac nor Jacob 
40; Mark 9:23. "He is faithful that promised." O, cou,d reasonably expect more than their father Abraham. 
how much we need to remember this in these days of 3. The holy women of old were " companions in dis- 
mistrust, when there is so much unbelief even in the tress,"— some receiving comfort in affliction, some refus- 
professed followers of the Lord! Too many walk m S material assistance for the hope beyond. 

by sight, not by faith. Such a walk cannot glorify 4. It would be sad indeed to contemplate this journey 

God. Take heed. Heb. 3:12. had we not the assurance that an innumerable company 

are upon the King's hiehwav 

3. By Acknowledging God's Great Gift.— Luke 17:15; t lt ■ ,« * nignway. 

is at. ti • . 4-u K 1 1 1 r 1 b - lt 1S a P^asure to have some of the names that are 

18:43. The nine unthankful lepers have many fol- ,„,.:..«.„ ■„ .1 « «. , c ,- r „ ,,, , ,, 

L .„ *« a ti, c , -c a r j wntten m the "book of life." We shall not overtake 

lowers to-day. The Samaritan stranger glonhed God t u om u t ■ ,. .1. ^ ,, , , 

. i,- 1 „ . j u- ■ t, ££ ■>* them ' bl1t we J°y at the thought of the great reunion. 

because his heart prompted him to praise. Ps. 66:16. fi *, T , ,, , , 

M, 1, n ( n,„ c . n ■ ( . ,, £ . . ■ 6 - Whether we have as great a reward as those who 

Much 01 the professed Christian world of to-day is t, , , , 

■1 . u t u r ■! . i- A. * nave Preceded us or not, one thought at east remains to 

silent because they fail to realize the greatness of j lL . ■ ,, , ■ . 

„-,.*„„;„„ i~ a a us - and that ,s t ' iat tn e way is made easier for us. 
pardoning love and redeeming grace. 

4. By Prayer— John 14: 13; Matt. 18: 19; 6: 6. " Whatso- IV " Glorious End - 

ever." Is it possible? Thank God, it is verily so. Ian;! f are , th f disappointments, many the sorrows and 

Mark 9:23. losses in this life, but the day is coming when the long, 

„ „ T tiresome journey will be ended and we shall rest at 

5. By Letting Our Light Shine.— Matt. 5:16; Philpp. home. 

2: 13. Remember it is the light of the consistent ■■ 

Christian that shines to a purpose — to give light. Sec 
1 Peter 2:12; 2 Thess. 1:11, 12; Titus 2:14; 3:8; 1 
Cor. 15:58. 


6. By a Holy Life.— 1 Peter 1:14, 16; Philpp. 1:11; Isa. 
61:3; Isa. 60:21. 

7. By Preaching the Gospel.— Mark 16:15; 1 Peter 4:11; 
Acts 11:14, 18. Study the life of a Peter or a Paul 
to get the full meaning implied. How is it with us? 
Are we ready to heed the great call? 

8. By Unfaltering, Uncompromising Fidelity and Obedi- 
ence.— Luke 6:46; John 7:16, 18, R. V.; Acts 5:29; 
Dan. 6:26, 27. Man asks: "Does it pay?" God tells 
us why and how in his blessed Word. 

9. By Unity and Love.— The glory of heaven is reflected 
upon this earth when God's children dwell together 
in harmony. Rom. 15:1; John 17:21, 22; 2 Chron. 
5: 13, 14; Heb. 10:24. 

10. By Christian Liberality.—" Actions," we are told, 
" speak louder than words," and thus the believer may 
preach a loud sermon to the glory of God by his liber- 
al gifts. 2 Cor. 8:1, 4; 9:12, 13; 1 Chron. 29:9, 14. 

11. By Patient, Humble Suffering for Christ's Sake.— " If 
we suffer we shall reign with him." 1 Cor. 1:26, 31; 
1 Peter 4:16; Acts 5:41; 2 Cor. 4:10, 11; 2 Cor 12- 
9, 10. 


In my travels from place to place I learn that many 
people lose a hand or an arm in a corn shredder. In 
Logan county, Ohio, I learned of at least five who had 
been crippled in this way this fall. Two reasons may be 
assigned for this trouble. 

First, the men who feed those machines become care- 
less, and do not see the danger into which they may fall. 
Second, in cold weather most .of the men who feed the 
machines wear leather mittens, hence cannot feel the 
wind on the hands as if no mittens were on. A touch 
of the *pike on the leather with a strong suction will 
draw the hand in and crush it. 

The devil walks around as a roaring lion seeking whom 
he may devour. He draws on the unsaved so hard by 
his fascinating power that he catches a limb, and continues 
to draw until he crushes the whole body. The hand, 
too, may be caught in the act of reaching after goods 
belonging to someone else, a foot may be caught when 
walking in forbidden places. 

Beware of evil, that old machine (the devil) will draw 
hard on the sinner. 

Goshen, Ind. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 1905. 





If men and women all around 

Their duty plain could see, 
And heed the blessed Gospel sound, 

How different it would be! 
If from mountain top, from forest glen 

From prairie broad and free, 
The love of God would govern men, 

How different it would be! 
Then all could dwell in love and peace, 

Wherever they might be, 
All unkind thoughts and words would cease, 

So different it would be. 
No need of armies great or small, 

No navies on the sea, 
If Christ would be our all in all. 

How different it would be! 
If we, dear friends, both great and small, 

Would on his Word agree, 
And cease to walk in sin's dark thrall, 
How different it would be! 

Then let us try to read 
And ever faithful be; 
The way to heaven will be 
So different it will be. 
Starkweather, N. Dak. 


why complain of husband not being the same lover 
that was yours in days of yore? A wife so unthought- 
ful of looks deserves naught else but a husband un- 
thoughtful of caresses. 

And the house — is the same pride taken in its co- 
ziness to husband, as there was when he was lover? 

Wives, mothers, make yourselves attractive and 
home admirable to companion and little ones, which 
will ever be prized in you, by them, and cause in them 
that same desire for neatness, that will as a general 
rule be absent if mother is slovenly. True, home- 
keeping means many, many things to be done; but 
with a cheerful, happy-hearted home-maker and the 
hearthstone surrounded by those delighting in tidiness 
and loving kindness to each other, the housekeeping, 
instead of tiresome drudgery, becomes a never-ending 
pleasure, and the home a place of dear delight for 
parents and children. 

Then why not all have loveable attractive homes, 
from the poorest to the most wealthy? Tis not the 
magnificent house, the costly hangings, or any display 
of wealth, that means the " happiest of homes," but 
that good heart love for one another, that reveren- 
tial love for God, and that dear, dear love for mak- 
ing a true earthly home. 

"Sweet is the smile of home: The mutual look 
When hearts are of each other sure; 
Sweet all the joys that crowd the household nook, 
The haunts of all affections pure." 

Salem, Va. 

During the past summer we bought an old sew- 
ing machine which proves to be quite a help in our 
work. We also gave a small sum towards clearing 
our church debt. 

Our work room is in one part of the church, com- 
fortably furnished for the use of the sisters. We all 
feel encouraged to labor for the Master ; doing with 
our might what our hands find to do; not resorting to 
the popular fad of raising money by the entertain- 
ment plan so prevalent to-day. 

During the summer we meet for once a week, while 
in the winter only once a month. Our membership 
has increased from five to twenty-five. Our heavenly 
Father has surely blessed us and led us in pleasant 
paths. Pray for us. Jennie Stephens. 

Cciitralta, Wash. 





So much has been said of home requisites, so much 
sung of home love, and so much written on home prop- 
er, yet the story never gets so monotonous, or we so 
perfect in our home life that it does not benefit us 
to study upon the home ideal and see where we can 
improve our own homes by so doing. 

One blessing, and may we not say one of the grand- 
est blessings, that every inmate of the home can bring 
into its realms is cheerfulness. 

But some one says, " Oh, I have so much to do I 
haven't time to be cheerful." Is that the proper 
sphere in which to live? How we are made to shudder 
in some homes to see naught else but money-making 
the chief object, with no time to spend with the could- 
be happy home circle — no time to give wife or hus- 
band the same word of love or kiss of affection that 
was all in all years ago ; no time to listen to the prat- 
tling Httle ones, or give the good words of advice to 
those stronger in years, yet under the parental roof. 
How much the cheerful word will add to the sun- 
shine of the day or banish the darkness of night — and 
how little it costs ! 

Another says, " But I've had so much trouble and 
so many cares, I can't be cheerful." But, brother or 
sister, count your blessings and see if God is not good 
to you after all. Can you not think of one thing 
you have to be thankful for, and to be cheerful over? 
We are all too prone to forget God's benefits. We 
have excellent memories for our trials and misfor- 
tunes, but forget to " count the blessings." If we 
are as thankful as we should be, which will promote a 
cheerful heart, then we will say with the Psalmist. 
" How many are thy gracious thoughts unto me, O 
Lord. How great is the sum of them. When I count 
them they are more in number than the sand." 

"Count the mercies! 
Count the mercies! 
Number all the gifts of love; 

Keep the daily faithful record 
Of the comforts from above. 

Look at all the lovely green spots 
In life's weary desert way; 

Think how many cooling fountains 
Cheer our fainting hearts each day. 
Count the mercies! 
Count the mercies! 
See them strewn along the way." 

And how about tidiness of person and home? Does 
the wife and mother say, " Oh, I'm married now ; 
it makes no difference how my appearance"? Then 


The sisters who were much interested in the finan- 
cial work of the church, met the 20th of last May 
and organized by electing from a membership of seven, 
a president, vice president, secretary and treasurer 
The money donated that day to institute the organ- 
ization, was $.35, a gift from two brethren, to which 
each sister present added a dime, making the amount 
in the treasury, at the beginning $1.05. Since then 
the membership has increased to about sixteen, with an 
average attendance of six at each weekly meeting. 
We held our meetings in the afternoons, only. 

The amount received during the year, in the way 
of cash for articles sold, etc., was $107.77. We P ut 

$50 on interest, purchased a Bible for the pulpit and 

expended $51.90 for goods, making a total of $106.27. 

We have a small amount of money in the treasury 

and some goods on hands. 

One comforter was made of which no record wa* 

How are yon treating the Lord's commands? Are 
you allowing them to go unheeded while you go 
through life with eyes that see not and ears that hear kept, since each pvece was donated by the different sis- 

O J ...... _1 _..t 1„4-.,,1 It- 

not? Do you pray every night or do you wait until 

you get in trouble then ask the Lord's help? Once in 
a while some one is heard to say : " I've got so much 
to do it is impossible for me to do this or that; it can 
wait until some other time." 

Maurice Smiley has put the thought in dialect verse, 
and I wonder how many of us express the same 
thought by our actions if not in words. 

De Lawd's Wuk. 
De Lawd he hed a job So' me, 

But Ali'd so much to do, 
Ah ast him git somebody e's. 

Aw wait til! Ah got froo. 
Ah don't know how de Lawd come out, 

But he seemed to git along; 
But Ah felt kind o' sneakin' like, 

'Kase Ah knowed Ah'd dune him wrong. 

One day Ah need de Lawd masse'f, 

An' need him right away. 
He nevah answe'd me at all, 

But Ah could heah him say, 
Way down in mah accusin' heaht, 

" Ah's got so much to do, 
Yo' bettah git somebody e's, 

Aw wait till Ah gits froo." 

Now when de Lawd he hev a job, 

Ah nevah tries to shu'k. 
Ah draps whatevah Ah's on han' 

An' does de good Lawd's wuk. 
Mah own affaths kin run along 

Aw wait till Ah gits froo. 
Nobody e's kin do de job 

De Lawd lay out fo' you. 

ters, and when completed it was donated to Morrisons 
Cove Home for the old folks of Middle District of 

The circle will reorganize with renewed energy 
for the New Year. 

Kate Snowberger, Pres. 
Lizzie Barnett, Sec. 


Grant was a truth-teller. As a boy he hated fibs, 
and learned to be exact in his statements. His father 
once sent him to buy a horse, authorizing him to offer 
$50, and if that should be refused, $60. He told the 
owner what his father said. Of course the owner 
expected $60 for the horse, but the boy refused to 
give more than $50, and obtained the horse. 

He tenderly cherished the association of home. His 
father and mother he never ceased to reverence and 
love. When President, he valued their regard and 
approval. As children came along he took them to 
his heart. His sons were his companions and his 
daughter the idol of the house. For the wife of his 
youth and manhood he cherished a pure, tender af- 
fection. When he was in Pompeii, the guide offered 
to admit him to a building without the ladies. " I 
am much obliged to you," he said, " but I never go 
where I cannot take my wife." 



Our Sisters' Aid Society, at this place, was organ- 
ized over two years ago, with a few names only. Our 
first dollar was earned by two sisters cleaning a room 
for an old gentleman at a hotel. When we were 
solicited to do so, we sewed carpet rags, made quilts 
and comforters, and did sewing for private families. 
We also made sunbonnets to sell, and women's aprons, 
by which we were able to add to our treasury. We 
keep our donation box replenished by garments which 
are donated to our society, to be given where they 
are needed. 

During the year ending Dec. 7, 1904, our society 
held eight meetings. We have had an average attend- 
ance of seven. 

Money collected during the year, $5.10. Amount 
paid out for incidentals, $3.89. Amount in treasury 

There were eighty-two garments made and donated 
by the members of the society. These we sent to 
Kansas City and St. Joseph where they were distrib- 
uted among the needy poor. 

We hope the Lord will continue to bless us, that we 
may be able to do more work in the honor of his great 
name. Pray for us. Lucie Sell, Sec. 

Plattsburg, Mo. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 1905. 




Brethren Publishing House, 

publishing agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 

22 and 2+ South State Street, Elgin, ill. 

Next week we shall publish Bro. D. L. Miller's 
first letter from Bulsar, India. It will tell about nearly 
three score applicants for baptism and give much oth- 
er encouraging news. 



D. L. Miller. Illinois. ) | J. H. Moore. - - Office Editor. 

H B Brumbaugh, Pa., [ Editors. Grant Mahan, Associate Editor. 

H. C. Early, Virginia, , | R. E. AatioLn, Business Manager. 

Advisor; committee: 

W. R. Deeter, Edward FTantz. Geo. S. Arnold. 

E7~A1I business and communications intended lor the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111., and not to an; 
individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 

In the Snake Spring congregation, Pa., nine re- 
cently put on Christ in baptism, 

Bro. Joshua King, of Denton, Md., is engaged in 
a series of meetings at Hanover, Pa. 

The revival at Nappanee, Ind., closed with twenty- 
two additions by confession and baptism. 

Bro. Edward Ruff, of Indian Territory, changes 
his address from Okmulgee to Mounds. 

The revival at Union Center, Ind., resulted in eight 
coming out and taking their stand for the Lord. 

Bro. I. B. Wire, of Huntington, Ind., is to con- 
mence a revival meeting in the English Prairie church, 
Lagrange Co., beginning Jan. 21. 

A series of meetings held at Bangor, Cal., by Bro. 
H. R. Taylor, of Lordsburg, resulted in five accessions 
to the church. 

Thirteen were lately added to the church at Rock- 
ingham, Mo., as the fruits of a revival held by Bro. 
D. W. Crist of Virginia. 

At this time Bro. C. D. Bonsack is engaged in a 
series of meetings in the Pleasant View house, Lower 
Cumberland church, Pa. 

We are in receipt of the Brethren Annual for 1905, 
published by the Progressive Brethren. The ministe- 
rial list contains 274 names. 

Bro. Jacob Heistand is booked for a series of 
meetings at Junction, Ohio, to commence Jan. 14. 
The meetings are to be held in the Reformed church. 

At Tulpehocken, Pa., thirteen persons were bap- 
tized on New Year's day. Two others are to be bap- 
tized later. There were also two restored to fellow- 

The late district meeting at Roanoke, La., selected 
Bro. Morton Peters to represent Texas and Louisiana 
on the Standing Committee at the Tennessee confer- 

Five more accessions are reported in the Upper 
Canowago church, Pa., making twenty-eight in all 
as the result following the revival held by Bro D 
-C. Florv. 

The Brethren church in St. Joseph, Mo., was form- 
ally dedicated on Christinas day. Their revival, which 
commenced on Thanksgiving, is still in progress. 
Twenty-two have so far been baptized and six others 
await the opportunity. 

The special Bible Term at the Maryland Collegiate 
Institute, Union Bridge, Md., commences Jan. 16 
and continues until Jan, 28. Bro. H. C. Early, Sis- 
ter Elizabeth Howe and Bro. C. D. Bonsack are to 
assist in the course of instruction given. 

The late Sunday-school meeting, held at Covina 
Cal., proved to be a most interesting and helpful 
gathering. The Sunday-school workers in that part 
of the Brotherhood are planning to make the very 
best of their opportunities. Next week we shall pub- 
lish an excellent report of the meeting. 

The trustees of the Bridgewater College, Va., are 
arranging to erect a new dormitory for the ladies next 
spring. The building is said to be greatly needed. 
The outlook of the school seems promising. 

The mission board of Nebraska would like to lo- 
cate a few earnest ministers in that State. Those who 
may be available for work will please address Bro. C 
J. Lichty, secretary of the board, Davenport, Nebr. 

The Brethren at Polo, 111., were made verv happy 
on New Year's day. They met to dedicate their large 
and commodious church in the city, Bro. I. D. Parker 
conducting the services. At present thev are in a 
revival meeting. 

Bro. T. J. Rosen berger recently closed a protracted 
meeting in the Sugar Creek church, near Lima, Ohio. 
There were twenty-three accessions. This is the fifth 
meeting of the kind that Bro. Rosenberger has held 
in this congregation, the first one being twenty-five 
years ago. The combined results of these five meet- 
ings were 102 converts. 

Our people of Northern Illinois will regret to learn 
that Bro. Henry J. Neff has found it necessary to 
retire from the mission work in Rockford. His eye- 
sight has been against him, and by the advice of 
physicians he must seek other employment. The mis- 
sion board of Northern Illinois is looking for another 
man to take up the Rockford work. 

The church at Ellison, N. Dak., is going to do some 
work with the Messenger on this wise: When the 
members have read their papers they are to bring them 
to the church, where they will be arranged by a brother 
appointed for the purpose and sent to the State prison. 
In this way they hope to reach hundreds of prisoners. 
May their fondest expectations be realized. 

The financial report of the General Missionary 
Committee for November, will be found in the essay 
department this week. We placed it in this depart- 
ment in order to make more room for church news 
and general correspondence, and yet we had to crowd 
back over a half dozen communications that we would 
like to have given to our readers this w r eek. 

Bro. John Zuck called at the House last week. 
It was his first visit to Elgin since the remodeling 
of the building. He expressed himself as greatly 
pleased with the present arrangements and the out- 
look of our work. -We greatly enjoyed his call; it 
gave us an opportunity to talk over many things re- 
lating to our labors here in the office and the interest 
of the Brotherhood at large. 

Bro. S. F. Sanger, of South Bend, Ind., was with 
us a short time last week. He came to meet with the 
House Executive Committee, and to help arrange and 
plan for increasing the output of the House! Our 
facilities are to be increased, and it may not be long 
until we shall have to provide for still more work. 
He said that he was very much pleased with the 
way business here in the House was looming up. 

Bho. P. R. Keltner has tendered his resignation 
as pastor of the church at Sterling, this State, with the 
intention of closing his labors early in the spring. He 
has been with this congregation a number of years, 
and has succeeded in building up a good working 
congregation. We have not learned Bro. Keltner's 
plans for the future. Fie will probably locate with 
some other church needing his services. 

Writing of the Maple Grove church, Ohio, under 
date of Jan. 6, Bro. W. L. Dessenberg says : " The 
Bible Institute work and revival services, which com- 
menced Dec. 23 closed Jan. 1. Bro. E. S. Young, as- 
sisted by Bro. Kahle, of Canton, conducted the services. 
The interest was good. Bro. Young preached each 
evening, and seven persons accepted Christ as their 
Savior. Dec. 29 a choice was held for a minister. 
The lot fell on Bro. W. A. Wiley, who was duly in- 
stalled by Bro. Young and W. F. England." 

In one mail we received a report of church news 
from Indiana minus the name of the writer, and an 
obituary minus the State in which the deceased re- 
sided. Neither of these, along with scores of others 
of like character received from week to week, can be 
. published. We say this so that those who now and 
then censure us for not publishing some obituaries, 
or church news sent us, may know that there are good 
reasons for the non-appearance of their matter. It is 
their fault and not ours. 

Bro. W. R. Lehmer writes from 3207 Manitou 
Ave.. Los Angeles, Cal., saying, that his party of 
about twenty people, all from Cumberland, York, 
Adams and Franklin counties, Pa., left Harrisburg 
Dec. 5 and reached Chicago two days later, the number 
having increased to twenty-five. He writes o f a pleas- 
ant ride, via Santa Fe overland route, across the plains 
and over the mountains to Los Angeles, where they 
arrived Dec. 10. The entire party enjoyed the trip 
and are well pleased with the ideal climate and charm- 
ing scenery. 

The Brethren Almanac for 1905 contains the names 
of 2.760 ministers, and thirty-nine of them reside in 
other countries. We have nine ministers in Canada 
and a like number in Sweden. There are twelve in 
India and six in Denmark. But the list, as a whole, 
shows fifteen preachers less than we had last year. 
A failure to elect as many ministers as former years 
accounts for this falling off. But it ought not to be 
that way. Instead of our list growing less it should 
steadily grow larger year by year. We hope to see 
an increase in our ministerial force by another year. 

Not many people come to see us oftenerthan Bro. 
Geo. L. McDonough. the genial railroad man. But 
he does not stay long. He shakes hands, has some- 
thing short and to the point to say, and then passes on. 
Bro. Geo. is till deeply interested in California as 
well as other parts of the west. He thinks that there 
is no better way of establishing congregations than by 
emigration, and while inducing members to go west, 
and settle in little groups, is simply practicing what 
he preaches. Those wishing to write him about trans- 
portation to any part of the Pacific Coast can address 
him at Omaha, Nebr. He says that the people on the 
coast are looking for the Annual Meeting in 1907. 

A number of our new readers are requesting us 
to thank their friends for sending the Messenger to 
them as a Christmas present. We would be pleased 
to publish their short letters, expressing their grate- 
fulness, but there are too many of them. Those who 
were so thoughtful as to have the paper sent to their 
friends will regard this item as an expression of thank- 
fulness from the people who have been so kindlv 
remembered. They are all delighted with the Christ- 
mas gift, and will read and study the Messenger 
with the greatest possible interest. Probably no bet- 
ter Christmas gift could have been sent. It is one 
that will last the year round. 

Bro. J. E. Miller writes encouragingly concerning 
the school and church interest at Mt. Morris. The 
enrollment reaches 206. This does not include those 
attending the special Bible Term. He says that at 
their last council meeting, Jan. 7 " a committee was 
appointed to investigate the advisability of securing a 
pastor to labor in this church. This committee is 
to study the field, mingle freely with the membership 
and from that form its conclusions. The Sixteenth 
Annual Bible Institute is' now in session. The at- 
tendance both local and otherwise is very good. Bro. 
I. E. Mohler is conducting services each evening. 
The attendance is good, the sermons have the right 
ring, and the interest is growing. Along with the 
regular services short consecration meetings are held 
daily. Do not forget the work at this time and place." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 1905. 





Who reads or sees the Messenger, and wants to 
take an active part in home mission work. 

The General Missionary Committee is determined to 
place the Messenger in thousands of homes where 
the paper has not yet been received and read. They 
find it the most successful missionary in the church, 
and want to sec it widely circulated all over the United 
States and Canada. In the interest of this work they 
are willing to spend money, for they know it will pay 
in the end, it will restdt in the conversion of thou- 

They propose to let any one, who is not already a 
member of the church, and who lives in a family where 
there are no members, have the Messenger from now 
to the end of the year for the small sum of fifty cents. 
Agents, friends or anyone else interested in the 
salvation of souls, can start down the street, or out 
in the country, and take subscriptions of outsiders 
at this rate. 

Thousands of men and women, who are not mem- 
bers of the Brethren church, will gladly pay this sum 
for the Messenger, and before the year is ended a 
number of them may be converted and in the church. 
Those interested, especially our agents, will please 
not delay, but act at once. Let the preachers an- 
nounce the proposition from the pulpit, and then get 
the paper in all the families in your neighborhood. 
Think of the good that might be accomplished by 
having your neighbors read the paper from week to 
week ! 

Of course, the House cannot print and send the 
Messenger out for the snrall sum of fifty cents, but 
the Missionary Committee has decided to make up the 
deficiency, saying that there is no better way of using 
missionary funds. In this way more people can be 
reached and converted than by any other known 

Or, if you cannot get a man to pay fifty cents for the 
paper, and you think it will do him good, you can 
donate it to him, paying the fifty cents yourself. We 
have members who are thus using the paper. They 
have it sent to the unconverted, and then pray the 
Lord to bless it-in its great work. 

Or, your congregation can raise five or ten dollars, 
and have the paper sent to twice as many families. 
A number of congregations are already doing this., 
and they may expect excellent results. 

At any rate, you can put the Messenger into ten 
thousand families of the unconverted, at fifty cents. 
What an opportunity for doing good! Please do not 
delay, but go to work at once. If you need sample cop- 
ies send for them. 

The Brethren at Bowbells, N. Dak., dedicated their 
new church on New Year's day. They feel quite happy 
starting at the beginning of the year with a com- 
modious house of worship for their use. Some of 
them have been waiting seven years for this house, 
and now since they have it, they will know how to 
appreciate it. 

some of our patrons this 

The almanac reachinj 
month instead of December, is a disappointment to us 
as well as to them. We have on hand more work 
than can be disposed of with our present facilities, 
hence the delay. The publication should have been 
mailed the first of December. We are not likely to 
be delayed in this manner another year. Our facilities 
will be increased, then the growing business can be 
bandied to better advantage. And though late 
coming to hand, we are sure that our people will find 
the almanac more than ordinarily interesting. 

A short time ago the "pastor of a certain congre- 
gation, before beginning his sermon on Sunday morn- 
ing, held up a copy of his church paper, and told his 
people the value of a church paper in the home, ex- 
plained the different departments, and urged all pres- 
ent who felt that they would like to have the paper a 
year to write their names on the blank cards left in 
the pews. He paused long enough to give the people 
time to write their names; the cards were gathered 
up by those appointed for the purpose, and there were 
seventy-one of them. It required only about five 
minutes to do the whole thing. The agent saw that 
the money was collected and the names sent in to the 
putlishing house. Suppose something of this kind 
were done in each congregation in the Brotherhood, 
how the Messenger list would loom up. 

Did our people view the situation as do the other 
denominations, it would be an easy matter for us to 
enter into a federation, or even a closer union with 
them. But so long as we hold to the gospel principles 
which we regard as sacred, we of course cannot con- 
sider ourselves in the confederation question. Not 
only so, but the moment we become a part of the union 
movement, as now proposed by the leading denomina- 
tions, just that moment do we by our actions signify 
that the reasons for the Brethren church cease to exist, 
and we may at once abandon our claims, and prepare 
to he swallowed up by the other religious bodies. 

We say this to induce more careful thinking upon 
the part of the few who hold to the idea that the 
Brethren may consistently become a part of the union 
movement now in the air. Others with all their es- 
sential claims can enter the current, but the Brethren 
cannot. You might as well try to mix water and 
oil. Our claims are different. Our principles are 
different. We do not refer to methods, for they are 
adjustable, but principles are not. So with us it is a 
question of remaining a separate and distinct body, 
or surrendering our clearly stated gospel principles. 



Much is said these days regarding a union between 
some of the leading denominations. We see no good 
reason why this might not happen, to a certain extent 
at least. What is there in the way of the Lutherans. 
Methodists, Presbyterians and some others of like 
religious views coming together and forming one 
strong body? Each one holds that the others are 
Christian bodies. They greet each other as Chris- 
tians. By church letter the members may pass from 
one body to another. They can commune together, 
worship together, and claim that they are all going 
to reach heaven. 

There are points of difference between them, but 
the members are taught to regard these as of no spe- 
cial value to the real Christ life. They look upon 
each other as members of one great family. They are 
fond of speaking of each other as " sister churches." 
AH of this being true, why should they not manage 
to get together, and thus do away with the confusion 
If they are all on the road 

of several denominations? 

to heaven, and this they claim, why not agree to walk or weak ancl s j n ,pi e di et 

together ? 

What is here said of Methodists, Lutherans, etc., 
may in a sense apply to the Disciples and Baptists. 
With the exception of baptism " for the remission of 
sins," and the observing of the communion each Lord's 
Day, there is very little difference between them ; not 
enough to be worth naming. They commune togeth- 
er, recognize each other's baptism, and look upon 
each other as Christian bodies. In the pulpit the min- 
fhat there may be no misunderstanding, say when j sters a re at home with each other. Why cannot they ^ ^ Christ was raised from the dead by the. glory 

A SACRAMENT, as defined by our lexicographers, is 
' a rite ordained as an outward ami visible sign, of 
iin inward and spiritual grace." 

Of these, in the Creek and Catholic churches, there 
are seven, — baptism, confirmation, the cucharist, pen- 
ance, holy orders, matrimony and extreme unction. 
In most of the Protestant churches there are only two, 
— baptism and the cucharist or the communion. In 
our own church we have four, — baptism, feet-washing, 
the Lord's supper and the communion. 

And the question is not whether we regard them as 
being alike essential to salvation, but do we get from 
them that which was intended by the Master in insti- 
tuting them? To appreciate them as we should we 
must carefully study their character and purpose. 

That they are symbolic in their character must be 
evident to all careful thinkers, because there are none 
thai believe the virtue to he in the literal doing or 
receiving. And, if this be so, let us see what are some 
of the symbolisms in the sacraments as we hold them. 
Baptism. — In baptism, we have symbolized; first, 
the new birth—" ye must be born again." As the 
infant child is born from the womb of the mother, 
so the new-born child of God is horn from the water 
in Christian baptism. The symbolism here is very 
striking; not only in the coming out of the water in 
the baptism, but also in the complete transferring of 
the old into the new. The new man in Christ Jesus, 
" except ye become as little children ye can in no wise 
enter the kingdom of heaven." The thing that is 
born is new, and begins the new life by using milk 
The apostle Paul, though a 
learned man of wide experience, after his birth, knew 
nothing but Christ and him crucified. In his new life 
he found a new source of knowledge, and in this he 
began at the alphabet— in the kindergarten. 

Again, in baptism we have symbolized the death of 
the old man of sin and the resurrection of the new 
man in Christ Jesus ; " for as many of us as were bap- 
tized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death, 
being buried with him by baptism into his death; that, 

von send in your names, that the parties to whom the 
paper is to be sent are not members, and that there 
are no members in the families where the papers go. 
On these terms the cash must invariably accompany 
the orders. 

Do not be afraid of making your list too large. 
We are prepared to take care of thousands upon thou- 
sands of fifty cent subscriptions, and the General Mis- 
sionary Committee, with the needed funds, is back of 
the far-reaching movement. Address: 

Elgin, Illinois. 

all agree to serve God together? We are sure they 
can without sacrificing any principle whatever. They 
could probably agree to adjust the little differences 
between them. 

The Brethren, however, belong to another class. 
They do not affiliate with the other denominations. 
They do not commune with them, nor do they receive 
members from others without rebaptizing them. This 
makes them a distinct class. All the other denomina- 
tions could probably agree on a basis of union requir- 
ing no sacrifice of principles. This can not be said 
of the Brethren uniting with others. We would have 
to sacrifice many of our principles. It would be the 
giving up of principles that we have long held, and 
now look upon as sound Bible doctrine. 

of the Father, even so we should also walk in new- 
ness of life." 

In looking at all these sacraments we must always 
bear in mind that the thing symbolized, to us, is of 
more importance than is the symbol. 

Feet-washing.— Though, in feet-washing, there 
may be different things symbolized, it seems to us that 
the idea of service may include them all. The feet 
are important factors in all service, and because of 
this they are made prominent in this sacrament as a 
symbol of service. In the act we show to each other 
that we are willing to serve each other by bestowing 
service on the members of the body that represent 
service. It further symbolizes this fact. As I am 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 1905. 

willing to render to my brother this most menial 
form of service I will be still more ready to render 
to him all other forms of service. The feet being the 
members of the body that are most exposed to de- 
filement, and therefore in need of the more constant 
service, so we should utilize our forces in doing 
the things that require the more constant service. 

In the institution of the sacrament we have the idea 
of literal cleansing only so far as the act symbol- 
ized that which was spiritual. And whatever spirit- 
ual cleansing may have been symbolized, meant cleans- 
ing for service. In everything which Christ did or 
gave us to do, we have through it the idea of service. 
" To love one another as I have loved you." And 
what is love but service? For to love one another 
means to serve one another. So, that in feet-washing 
we give an outward and active expression that we do 
love each other. And therefore it becomes to us the 
symbol of loving service. 

The Lord's Supper. — In the Lord's supper we have 
symbolized the brotherhood of the family of Jesus 
Christ. In the sacrament we have all the elements 
of Christian equality and association. On the oc- 
casion, all outward, fleshly and worldly ties, relations 
and distinctions are lost sight of and. we all belong to 
the same family — born of- the same spirit, enter into 
the same relations, members of the same family, hav- 
ing God as our common Father and Jesus Christ as 
our Elder Brother. If our eating together does not 
bring to us these thoughts and feelings, we fail to 
appreciate the symbolical significance of the service. 
The Eucharist or Communion. — In the loaf and 
the cup we have symbolized the body and the blood 
of Jesus Christ. While we, as a church, do not accept 
the doctrine of transubstantiation in the eucharist 
we certainly do believe in a very full symbolism. And 
may we not further say that while we do not believe 
that in the bread and the wine we have the literal body 
and blood of Christ, we do, nevertheless, have his 
real presence — as real as it is possible for him to be 
to us while yet in the flesh. His presence becomes 
real to us in proportion as the symbols of his body and 
blood symbolize to us the thing to be symbolized. As 
we handle and partake of these symbols they are 
supposed to bring vividly to our minds the Christ who 
lived and died to redeem and save us. 

Now, there are two ways of our thinking of Christ. 
Some of us may think of him as being our Savior, 
but as being in heaven or far away — so far from us 
that we can have only an occasional glimpse of him, 
in times of need or great trouble. Others think of 
him according to his promise of being always near by 
— " And lo, I am with you alway." In that, as we 
remember him in the symbols given us, we remember 
him as being present with us. And in this way we 
have his real presence through the symbols by which 
his presence is symbolized. 

The purpose of the eucharist is to enable us to re- 
member Christ, to think about him, in what he has 
done for us in liberating us from the power of sin. 
The symbols do this in a peculiar way. They not 
only remind us of him as he lived for us, but also 
as he died for us. The bread or loaf symbolizes life, 
and the breaking of this bread signifies or figures the 
breaking of his life. The crushing of the grape to 
produce the wine symbolizes the bruising and pierc- 
ing of his body and the spilling of the blood. So that 
in this way the symbolism is made very strong and 
efficacious when accepted by faith. All these symbols 
are intended to give us spiritual strength and make 
us more efficient in the Master's service. h. b. b. 


Regarding the anointing James says: " Is any sick 
among you? let him call for the elders of the church." 
James 5: 14. This indicates that the anointing is for 
the saints, and that the elders of the church are to 
attend to the service. The apostles made an effort 
to ordain elders in every city where they found a band 
of members. It is to these elders that James refers. 
A congregation that does not have ciders must do the 
next best thing, and make use of those who stand next 
to the elders in the ministry. But the primary pur- 

pose was for the sick to call for the elders in order 
to secure the anointing. 

The Word is also explicit regarding the subject. 
" Is there any sick among you ? " This means the 
sick among the saints. These alone are the sick who 
can receive the anointing. We can pray for the re- 
covery of tile unconverted, but we are not authorized 
to anoint them. The elders of the church must limit 
this service to the members of the church. We can 
feed the unconverted, clothe them or help them in 
any other way, but the anointing is a special service 
for God's people. 

While " the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and 
the Lord shall raise him up," it means more than this ; 
even more than the forgiving of sins. There is in the 
service a spiritual blessing that may be of more value 
to the sick pilgrim than the restoration to health. 
This spiritual blessing is peculiar to the saints and 
is for them. As the elders move among the people 
they pray for all of them, and assist the unconverted 
sick in every way possible, but they do not apply to 
them the anointing oil. This they hold in reserve for 
the saints, the children of God, and along with this 
service goes the spiritual blessing. 


A sister writing this office wishes to know why 
there are so few elders in the state district where she 
resides. She says that when the sick call for the 
anointing no elders can be had to officiate. There 
seems to be but few elders in the district, and some of 
these are absent much of the time. 

In some parts of the Brotherhood we are too care- 
less about supplying the churches with elders. The 
New Testament plan is to have elders in every con- 
gregation, fully prepared to assist the members in 
their spiritual needs. If an elder must be absent 
from his congregation, he should authorize some one 
to represent him and see to it that his work is in no 
manner neglected. 

When the elders meet at their respective district 
meetings they should look into the needs of the differ- 
ent congregations and see that all, if practicable, be 
supplied with active, earnest and exemplary resident 
elders. A nonresident elder ought to be the last re- 
sort. It is sometimes the only remedy, but the less we 
have of it the better. A resident elder, living among 
his people, and studying their spiritual needs, is as 
important as the shepherd being constantly with his 

There are the dead to bury, marriages to solemnize, 
the afflicted to visit, the poor to encourage, the flock 
to feed and the sick to anoint. True, the ministers in 
the first and second degrees may do a part of this work, 
but that is not like the elder being present to lead 
at the services, or to direct at least. Surely the duties 
to be performed by the elders are numerous, and there 
ought to be enough of them so that no part of the work 
may be neglected. 


Sherman saw much of war, and then said it was 
hell. Were he to see war now, the way it has been 
carried on between Russia and Japan, he would be 
amazed. Science has taken hold of war, and now men 
are taught how to kill each other by scientific methods. 
Probably there has never been such destruction of 
human life as has been witnessed before Port Ar- 
thur. The Japanese have no fear of death. Led by 
their officers they stormed the Russian fortifications, 
and were mowed down whole companies at a sweep. 
As fast as one column was swept away another was 
on hand to suffer like fate. The living climbed over 
the dead to get at their enemies. 

This great destruction of life was accomplished by 
machinery. Both sides employed machine guns, in- 
struments of warfare capable of shooting five hundred 
times a minute. It would seem that no human being 
could be induced to face such destructive instruments 
of murder. But it was done before Port Arthur. 

The scene was terrible. It was appalling. It was 
murder by the wholesale. Men were sacrificed as 

though they were so much fuel. Blood ran in streams. 
The human bodies, by the hundreds, were literally 
torn to pieces. No quarter was shown. It was sim- 
ply a question as to which side could kill the most men. 
On the one side were the Japanese, whom we class 
as heathens. The Russians claim to be Christians. 
But so far as brutal force and carnage are concerned, 
one side has been just as savage as the other. The 
men have become thoroughly hardened. All the finer 
sensibilities seem to have disappeared. 

Can Christianity justify such cruel human butchery? 
Most assuredly not. Can men, who profess to be 
Christians, be excused for taking an active part in 
this wholesale murder of men ? It is contrary to every 
principle of the New Testament. The very spirit of 
Christianity condemns war at every turn. We can on- 
ly hope for the era of arbitration, when nations will 
be pledged to submit their differences to disinterested 
parties for adjustment. When this time is reached, 
we shall no more witness such brutality as has been 
carried on in the vicinity of Port Arthur. 


" That the conscience," says the editor of the Sun- 
day School Times, " is not always an infallible guide 
is very evident. The Apostle Paul tells us that before 
his conversion he ' verily thought with himself that 
he ought to do many things contrary to the name of. 
Jesus.' Alva acted according to his conscience when 
he sent Egmont to the scaffold. Calvin was honest 
in advocating the burning of Servitus. The Puritans 
believed themselves to be doing the will of God when 
they put witches to death. The conscience needs to 
be educated. Before a man trusts his conscience, he 
must take care that it is in line with the spirit of 
Christ; otherwise it may develop into egotism, and the 
man may believe himself infallible. He must keep him- 
self humble, must seek light by prayer, must make 
sure that there is no corrupt er vindictive motive in- 
fluencing him. Above all, he should cultivate the 
spirit of love and mercy, lest he become harsh and cen- 
sorious. If after he has examined himself and 
has sought all the light accessible, then he must obey 
his conscience humbly as in the sight of God." 


We suggest that the sisters' aid societies broaden 
out in their efforts at doing good, and take in some 
local mission work. They might appoint a " look- 
out committee " to search out the poor people needing 
help. On receiving the report and recommendations 
of the committee they may see their way clear to help 
some poor people in their own community. They will 
learn of some who need food and others who need 
clothing. A committee to look after the mothers who 
cannot leave their children to attend the preaching 
services- could accomplish a good work in some com- 
munities. This committee would arrange for some 
sisters to care for a family while mother goes to 
church. This could be done once or twice a month. 
Then there are the sick to look after. We do not 
mean to spend the day with the sick, and take two 
or three meals with them. But they ought to be vis- 
ited, helped and encouraged. Let some of the aid so- 
cieties take up these questions, consider them, and re- 
port to the Messenger the results of some special ef- 


We are glad to announce that the Austrian excava- 
tors at the ancient city of Taanach, in South Pales- 
tine, have found several tablets with cuneiform in- 
scriptions which go back to the time of the Egyptian 
rule in Palestine some 1,400 years before Christ, per- 
haps of the period of those found at Tel-el-Amarna in 
Egypt, which have thrown so much light on the con- 
dition of Palestine before the Israelites entered the 
land. They have not yet been published, but will be 
soon. Only one such tablet had ever deen found be- 
fore in Palestine, that found by Mr. Bliss in Lachish. 
— Independent. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14. 1905. 


General Missionary and Tract Department 

D. L. Miller, 
S. F. Sanger. 


- Illinois I H. C. Eai 

. Indiana | A. B. Baj 

John Zuck. Iowa. 

-.Y, - - Virginia 
<hajit, - Maryland 

Address all business to 
Genera! Missionary and Tract Committee. Elgin, 111. 


Brethren have had their homes in Virginia for more 
than a hundred and fifty years, and one would think 
that by this time all the people living in the State ought 
to have heard of us as a people and learned our faith 
and practice. But there are still a great many there 
who know nothing at all about the Brethren church. 
And this in spite of the fact that Virginia has furnished 
and still furnishes many faithful, energetic ministers. 
They have done what they could— and yet there is 
room, as is shown by what a brother wrote to the office 
recently, after making a trip into a distant county. 

He was induced to go, because when on a visit there 
he had learned that there were people in the vicinity 
who knew nothing of us as a church. On his return he 
said: "After making this trip I was made to wonder 
; what our answer will be in the great day when we are 
judged, when we consider the countless thousands who 
have not had a chance to know what we as a church 
I believe." For not giving them the chance to know, 
the church is responsible, if she has not done what she 
could. And what can she answer, what reason can she 
give for her neglect? It is a serious question, and it is 
well that brethren are beginning to wonder what is 
the cause of the deplorable condition, and to what ex- 
tent the church is responsible for it. Earnest thought and 
prayer for guidance will produce great results; for if a 
way is sought it will be found. Those who seek guidance 
will not be left to grope in darkness. 

The more one studies the subject, the stronger be- 
comes his conviction that it takes united effort on the 
part of God's children to make his work a success in 
any field. The devoted preacher can do much to pro- 
claim the truth; he is indispensable in the work; but he 
cannot do it all. Each has his part, and the failure of the 
many to live up to their profession brings reproach upon 
the whole body, and delays the coming of the kingdom 
of the Lord. The history of the church in many of the 
States shows beyond question that it takes more than 
a few preachers doing their best to reach every creature 
in a State. And it takes more than a few years of ear- 
nest work by all those who are able to handle the Sword 
of the Spirit or hold up the hands of the leaders in the 
strife. One generation passes and another comes, and 
each must be given an opportunity to hear the truth. 
Then the responsibility rests where it belongs. 

The church is becoming in earnest about the home 
field, and one can see plainly that more will be done in it 
than ever before. The time surely is ripe. This does not 
not mean that we shall do less of be less interested in 
foreign missionaries. It simply means, as one of our 
enthusiastic missionaries said some years ago, that the 
church that takes an interest in the heathen beyond the 
sea will soon take a greater interest in the man living 
like a heathen at home. It was thought then that the 
effort to meet the expense of the foreign mission would 
exhaust our resources, and there would be nothing 
left for home work. The fact is that we had little true 
conception of what our resources are until -we began to 
have a real interest in missions. The fear now is, not 
that we shall exhaust our resources, but that they will 
be withheld for our own purposes instead of being given 
to the Lord. May this fear prove to be a vain one. 

*>. M. 


were perhaps twenty of the Christians with us at the 

We greeted all who came and had only a short time to 
talk to them, because the train drew away, separating 
those who had traveled together these many days. This 
was not the first separation, however, for Bro. Berkebiles 
stopped off at Dahanu. Brethren W. R. Miller, and D. L. 
Miller and wife, and Sister Rowland, stayed with us here 
at Bulsar. We have just eaten our first meal together anil 
now all are ready to go to Bro. Stover's where they will 
be together for the evening and have a chance to talk- 
about the work. 

The usual greetings were given here, that of stringing 
flowers and placing wreaths around the neck of all who 
come. It was appreciated by all. We enjoy the gathering 
together of loved ones here on earth but there is a greater, 
even than this, awaiting each one. Every one may have a 
part in it if he is only willing to take it. For that purpose 
are we here to prepare men and women for that time 
when they may, too, have a part in it with all the re- 
deemed. Oh! the glorious awaiting we have of that beauti- 
ful home. May the Lord ever keep us watching and faith- 
ful until that time! 

Bro. D. L. talked to the people as they all stood around 
the veranda to see and hear. Bro. Stover translated for 
him. Many of these people were Christians when Bro. 
Miller's were here before and a fond remembrance do they 
have, too, of them. 

While in Bombay Bro. Stover had an attack of fever 
which has not returned since day before yesterday. He 
thinks he is rid of it. Several weeks ago he, with some of 
the Christian men, went out into the jungle country where 
Bro. Stover expects to work after this year, and since they 
have come back every one has had an attack of fever. 
They have not as yet decided what was the cause. 

Sister Burie, one of the women among us, had a very 
hard attack of fever last week. She felt that she would, 
perhaps, not be able to live until the new ones came but 
the Lord has spared her and she is rejoicing to-day be- 
cause she could live to see it. Now she is well again and 
has as much prospect of life before her as any of us. 
Sister Miller told her she looks younger than she did when 
the last time she saw her. It pleased her very much. 
Burie is an exceptional woman among all the workers 
here and we always say we could not get on without her. 

This leaves us all happy in the work. May the Lord 
ever keep his own all over the world faithful to him. 

Sadie J. Miller. 

Dec. 9. . . 

<8> sv <S> 


missionaries the church has. When I asked for the 
Messenger, 1 had been to church but twice in a year, and 
the paper began to come every week; but at first it did 
not seem to interest any of the family but myself. Oh, 
what a blessing it was to me! I would read it to the 
family in the evening, and it was not long until its arrival 
was anxiously awaited. If it failed to come on Friday, it 
seemed as though something was lacking in the evening 

T cannot tell you the joy I felt when, on Oct. 2, our 
fifteen-year-old daughter was led into the stream and 
buried with Christ in baptism. Oct. 16 my husband came 
to the church, requesting baptism. So you can see why I 
earnestly ask God's choicest blessings on all those con- 
nected with this fund. 

After we have read the papers we hand them to our 
neighbors, as our doctrine is new here, and it isn't long till 
they come and ask us, " Does your church practice what 
the paper preaches? We would like to hear your minister 
preach." Husband and I decided that if we could get a 
suitable place, we would try to get a minister to preach for 

Another safe arrival. Yesterday morning a welcome 
telegram came from Bombay, informing us of the arrivai 
of the steamer, " Dominico Baldwinui," which brought our 
dear ones to this side. Bro. Stover. Emmert and Sister 
Quinter had gone from here to meet them. To-day was a 
day looked forward to by not only ourselves, as mission* 
aries, but by all the Christians here. 

The train came at 12:30 and a welcome one it was, too. 
As the railroad people do not allow persons to stand 
about on railroad compound who are not going away, we 
asked our people not to go but had them stand in a line 
here by the compound and wave as the train passed. We 
were nearer the railroad than the station and those who 
come in can see the compound before they get to the 
depot. Eliza and Sister Stover stayed at the house to help 
the children until we returned from the station. There 

The work and workers of the Arkansas Mission have 
made a considerable change. Brother and Sister Neher 
have left the field entirely and Brother Kesler is teaching 
school thus little help comes from him. I have so many 
calls away from my part of the field that I have not been 
able to make all my regular points. Dec. 7, Bro. George 
Mahler, of Montpelier, Ohio, came to our place and, to- 
gether, we visited the churches in Butler, Mississippi, 
New Madrid and Stoddard counties. Brother Mahler gave 
us the Bread of Life in its primitive purity, and the cry 
wes everywhere, " Come and live here and preach for us." 
There has a wrong impression gone out in the North 
about Southeastern Missouri. There could be some hard 
stories told about some other countries if you go back to 
the days of the red man, the buffalo and the mixed multi- 
tudes that followed for a generation or two. To-day. this 
country docs not resemble any more the day of the James 
and Younger desperadoes and bushwackers than Illinois 
or Indiana and Ohio does the day of the red man of the 
forest. It is a day of the harvest of industry, and its 
fine forests are melting away by the numerous sawmills, 
and in the place of the forests are the most fertile farms 
with every advantage for the production of everything 
the farmer needs to make a success. But how about the 
church? It needs just what the country needs for its de- 
velopment, and that is emigration of working brethren 
and in years to come there would be as wealthy a lot of 
churches here as anywhere. Brethren who will divide 
with the Lord, and give him his share of the harvest 
ought to do well on land that produces 90 to 120 bushels of 
corn to the acre. 

Bro S. Sheets, of North Dakota, has come to the 
South to live; others are expected. Two of my sisters 
visited us over Christmas, and to-day they start for 
Marengo, III., to do some visiting. Thus we meet and 
part, and continue until the end. Then, shall we meet 
without the loss of one? Ira P. Eby. 

Poplar Bluff. Mo., Dec. 28. 


I wish to thank you for the Messenger furnished me by 
means of the poor fund. God bless the purpose of this 

"i iive eighteen miles from our church, the Blanchard, 
and being poor do not get to church very often; but I 
want you to know that the Messenger is one of the best 

We consulted the trustees of the Reform church, and 
they told us that if we would furnish lamps, oil and wood 
we could have the use uf the church any time, as they have 
no resident minister. We procured lamps and wood, and 
on the evening of Oct. 22 Bro. Harry Fuller came to 
speak for us. He notified us only four days previous to 
his arrival, but we made the announcement and the house 
was packed full of eager listeners. Bro. D. P. Weller 
filled the appointment Nov. 6. Bro. Fuller spoke to us 
again. Dec. 4 and 18, with a good attendance and the best 
of interest; he will also speak to us Jan. 1. 

We would like to get some brother to come and con- 
duct a series of meetings, but we are not able to pay for 
his services and do not feci like asking anyone to come for 
nothing. We still pray to God to send some one to help 
us. This is all the outcome of the Messenger this year. 
We are located at the junction, a small village in Paul- 
ding county, Ohio. Pray for the work at this place. 
Mrs. D. A. Font. 
R. F. D. No. 6, Defiance, Ohio. 

® ® «> 

" Christian Brethren " is appropriate, becoming, Biblical 
and handy. I advocate its adoption as our church name. 

In conversation on the subject of the sisters' prayer cov- 
ering with a lady who professed to be a Christian, she 
said, " I don't care what the Word says; I will never wear 
it." This was a clear case of being " born of the will of 
the flesh," and to such the power lias not yet been given to 
become a child of God. John 1: 12, 13. 

A young brother in Tennessee who was horn practically 
blind said it was best for him to have been born as he 
was, therefore he did not worry over his condition, neither 
would he suffer himself to murmur over anything. Strange 
as it may seem, he is a very successful cattle dealer and 
depends entirely upon his own judgment, obtained through 
Hie sense of touch. Very modestly he told the writer that 
he always gave a dollar lo the church at each quarterly 
council. His life seems to be one of sunshine, submission, 
faithfulness and consistency. He lias a brother in the 
same condition who is also a successful financier and a 
charitable brother. Neither of these ever spent a day in 

In company with a devout sister I recently visited a 
home where a son and daughter had accepted Christ very 
much lo the displeasure of the father. After spending 
some time reasoning with the father, I requested the 
privilege to read some scripture and have a season of 
prayer in his home, 10 which he objected. This was my 
first experience in life of this kind. I was very much sur- 
prised to find such a man and such conditions in a Chris- 
tian community, and still more to learn that this man was 
a son of a deacon brother. 

A lady once called at our home to spend a few hours. 
She was about fifty years old, lean and exceedingly dark 
from the constant use of the pipe. Her apparel was not 
very graceful, though after the worldy form. She said if 
she could overcome her "temper" and pipe, she would 
like to become a ...ember of the Brethren church. Plans 
were suggested and accepted which proved successful and 
she was soon baptized. She donned the sisters' garb in 
full laid aside her pipe and cultivated a pleasant disposi- 
tion Her apparel was much more tidy, her complexion 
became like unto that of a healthy maiden and her so- 
ciety so genial that it called forth many expressions of 
surprise from those who formerly knew her. Indeed. 
Christianity beautifies, cleanses, gives vitality and elevates. 
' C. D. Hylton. 

TrinIt * Va <s> « « 

Giving is good, living is better; giving and living for 
God will accomplish wonders. 

Why don't we have a mission in some one or more 
of the American insular possessions? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 1905. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

"As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is pood news from a far country.' 

Glendale church met in council Dec. 31, our elder, Peter 

much encouraged.— Albert Myers, Waddams Grove, HI 
Jan. S. 


mined to meet this lovely New Year's day in church ca- 
pacity. Death has claimed a few of our number in the 

Forney, presiding-. Offi 

school were elected. Bro. Isaac Forney ., 
church clerk and the writer correspondent for the paper 
tr . H, Sine was reelected superintendent of th " 

for both church and Sunday 
Forney was elected 

Bro. F. H. Sine was reelected superintendent of the Sun- 
day school and Bro. S. O. Furrey assistant. We have 
a very interesting school. Average attendance for the 
past year, forty-two. We have Christian Workers' meet- 
ing every Sunday and prayer meeting Wednesday even- 
ings; preaching Sunday morning and evening. Brethren 
Harvey Ikenberry and O. J. Beaver, of Iowa, began a 
series of meetings New Year's evening to continue for 
some time. Our elder is quite feeble and needs rest. He 
has labored faithfully for a number of years. We are glad 
that his burdens are now made lighter. We need more 
earnest workers here. Four of our Sunday-school scho'- 
ars were baptized during the year. — Bertha E. Furrey, 
Glendale, Ariz., Jan. 2. 

Bangor.— Bro. H, R. Taylor, of Los Angeles, held a 
series of meetings. Five young people put on Christ by 
baptism. Christmas eve we held our love feast; seven- 
teen surrounded the Lord's table— nine sisters and eight 
brethren.— Alice Myers, Bangor, Cal., Jan, 1. 

Prowers church met in council Dec. 31. It being the 
time to elect our yearly officers, Eld. C. A. Shank was 
reelected to have the oversight of the church, Sister Eva 
Cline missionary solicitor, Bro. Wm. Norris Messenger 
agent, and the undersigned Messenger correspondent. 
Letters were granted to nine of the members at Granada, 
a mission point thirty miles east of Prowers. We are ex- 
pecting to begin a series o£ meetings in the near future. 
Wc also had Thanksgiving services in the evening. We 
took up a collection which amounted to $4.59, the same 
will be sent to the Messenger poor fund. There has been 
one dear soul added to our number since my last report 
—Mary Norris, Prowers, Colo., Jan. 2. 

Clearwater church met in council Dec. 31. Our elder 
not being present, Bro. S. Stookey took charge of the 
meeting. Amount solicited for home expenses, $1.80. 
Dec. 11 we organized a Christian Workers' meeting, which 
IS progressing nicely. We organized our Sunday school 
for this year. Ero. S. Stookey was elected superintendent 
and Bro. George Studebaker assistant.— Carrie E Heltzel 
Teakean, Idaho, Jan. 2, 

Payette church met in council Dec. 31, with Eld J U 
G. btiverson m charge. Bro. Stiverson was chosen elder 
for the coming year. Our Sunday school was reorganized 
tiro G, W. Long was chosen superintendent, with a corps 
of helpers The Christian Workers elected officers, 
Bro. John Rodabaugh president. The prayer meeting was 
changed into a Bible class for the present. Bro Ed Sar- 
gent was chosen foreman. Text-books will be obtained 
and an effort made to secure Bro. L. E Keltner as 
teacher. A series of meetings will soon begin out in the 
country, with Bro. Keltner as minister. A collection of 
P m W3 , S \? ken \ L Tw0 deac01,s were called,. Bro. Leonard 
fh rch H Bro 'J° hn Rodabaugh being the choice of the 
Jan 2 Snowberger, R. R. No. 1, Payette, Idaho, 


Cerrogordo church met in council Dec. 31. Our elder, 
fi, i f .? yer ' pr " lded - We elected Sunday-school of- 
ficers for the year; Bro. Eldo Blickenstaff superintendent 
and Bro. Andrew Blickenstaff assistant; alsoXted I offi- 
cers for our Christian Workers' meeting, with Bro J U 
Lear president. Six members were received by letter- 
Anna Bingaman, Cerrogordo, 111., Jan. 2. 

Lamotte church met in council Dec 31 One letter 

Oakley church met in council Dec 29 T,„„ i „ , 

membership were read and fourteen graS "^day 

was iiBoSSSG^lM" ° f mcmb "*P 
the writer church corresn „1„ P Th i Cn8 , er J' Eem ' and 

Sunday school was re™Eed °n„ r^ school?" Our 
ng Bro Chas tvtVr- '"nized on Christmas c ay. choos- 

of 8 the r sameday ?c e rLianW n o\ ndem ', '" "" " e "^ 
the next six months B o F } V ° rkers cle cled officers for 
Switzer, Roanoke III. J° n 3 A ' Bryant President-Jessie 

Eid Ie j as G nt R ™; h ar^,h h „ d H a sea T,° f s° s »" f-«- g . 

grew until ,° c " ose 1 en " d ;™<f. h °"<iays.. The interest 
Pied.-Mary A. Cb^VwlTm^lTz'^ "" ° CCV '- 

Jan l 0, ""B T ro e i ne D S'er^TI 1? P °'? was Seated 
large number ol people We ,-k ""the. occasion to a 
to $210,44. Bro Parker !„' ' co J lwi ™ amounting 
service with interS W W m n ^w" "V" a rcviva ' 
■n Polo for five moktutuuU I ablc to ho]i services 
building. We are glad tc, «t b «k m"" ? ^^ Was 
to do better work and 'c,-o„ „l? 1, work a « ain ' H °P« 
well-arranged house f ™ h ?>«« ™M we have a 
HI., Jan. 4 worship.— John Heekman. Polo, 

Waddams Grove Fid n u , , 

Ind,, commenced preachingm tWt" 1 , of H '""mgton, 
17 a nd continued umil New^Y " 4 ! V e h m" u Chl,rch D « 
siders wished he could have stave, M„„ Memb " s «>d out- 
den's preaching was very &%g fcemo^were 

Bear Creek.— Eld. John Wright, of North Manchester. 
Ind., preached for us three of his most excellent ser- 
mons over New Year's day. There is a little band of 
faithful and zealous members here, whose faith has been 
proven, and who would give a royal welcome to some 
ministering brother who felt willing to locate among us, 
—Mary Garber, R. R. 2, Portland, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Elkhart Valley church met in council Dec. 31. A number 
of ministers and elders were present from adjoining dis- 
tricts; also Bro. Heastand, of Ohio, and Bro. Sanger, of 
South Bend, were with us. An ordination was held for 
elder; Bro. Frank Kreider was chosen and ordained Four 
members were received by letters and four letters of 
membership were granted.— Hallie Bartmess, Elkhart 
Ind., Jan. 2. 

Lower Fall Creek congregation met in council Dec. 17, 
Eld. Fesler presiding. Church decided to retain all the 
Sunday-school officers for another quarter. Bro. O. D. 
Foster, of North Manchester, gave us a soul-cheeriiT* ser- 
mon on New Year's night.— Laura Chamberlin, R. R No 
12, Anderson, Ind. Jan. 4. 

Markle church met in council Dec. 17. Our elder was 
not with us. Our Sunday-school officers were elected for 
the next six months; Bro. D. Brumbaugh for superintend- 
ent and the writer assistant. Bro. Appelman and wife 
were with us over Saturday night and Sunday. A collec- 
tion was taken for the home, amounting to $6 — E EikCn- 
bary, Markle, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Middle Fork.— We held our council yesterday. Received 
two by letter. D. D. Hufford was elected Sunday-school 
superintendent; H. C. Wolfington assistant. Bro J D 
Mishler, oi Colamer, Ind., preached at Pleasant View on 
New i ear s day both morning and evening. His visit was 
much appreciated.— John E. Melzger, R. R. No. 2, Ross- 
ville, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Monticello.-Eld. A. C. Snowberger, of Anderson, Ind 
came to us Dec. 11 and remained until Jan 2 He de- 
livered twenty-three very able sermons. The last week 
instead of opening the meetings with the usual song serv- 
ice the time was taken up by talks on Bible reading 
which proved very interesting to all. The brethren and 
sisters are encouraged. We expect Eld. J. H. Wright, of 
North Manchester, to come to us Jan. 7 to begin a series 
of meetings at Guernsey, one of our points of preaching.— 
Mae Dilling, Monticello, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Nappanee.— We closed a very interesting series of meet- 
ings; it commenced Dec. 11 and closed Jan. 1. We had 
some hindrances, as smallpox scare, inclement weather 
a ,',\ S n' S n,' aS fest,v, !'«- , Br °- Isaac Frantz, from Pleas- 
ant Hill, Ohio, preached for us. He gave us twenty-five 
sermons. The church was much built up, and twenty-two 
were received by baptism, ranging from eight to fifty- 
eight years.— B. J. Miller, Nappanee, Ind., Jan 3. 

Muncie church met in council Dec. 29 with Geo. L 
Studebaker presiding. The church decided to organize an 
association, known as The Brethren Mutual Benefit Asso- 
ciation, for the benefit of the members of the Brethren 
church. A committee of three was appointed to draft 
by-laws and constitution. The church also decided to run 
a special train to Indianapolis when the Brethren church 
there ,s to be dedicated. All members of the adjoining 
churches are invited to come and join us at Muncie and go 
o enjoy the dedication services. The fare for the round 
trip will be one dollar. Those who wish to go can secure 
The d ?' 'f ,°,' L a ^"debaker, L. J. Hook or the writer' 
The date of the dedication will appear in the Messenger 
m. due time, so all who secure tickets can come and go 

Munde , ; C Ind.:'ja r n n 3 fr0m ''^-^ J ' Pau1 ' R ' R ' *<° ?■ 
Nappanee.-I„ Messenger No. S3, the last of the year, in 

av s„ a e di n ed ?/ Lydii ? <Houser) Shively y°" mad e "'" 

say she died in Kosciusko county, Maryland, instead of 
Ind, Jan V * Indlana — Danid Wysong,' Nappanee! 
Taylorsyille.-Bro. W. L. Ross came here Dec 24 re- 
mained til Jan. 2. He preached several sermons 'that 
were we 1 listened to. Our meetings were well attended 
We are few in number, but there is a fair prospect of our 
number increasing. We would be glad P t0 toe Bro 
for is ™" 5 ', " 1 " ? n , E ° n th 5. bree >"-en to come and preach 
for us any time.— John G. Goetz, Edinburg, Ind., Jan. 7 

thJ^W? ' , d '," rCh , inlends lo be S in a series of meetings 
the evening of Jan. 8 to continue for an indefinite time. 
Bro. SG. Burger, of Bnnghurst, Ind., is to do the preach- 
ing.-Daniel Rothenberger, North Webster Ind , Jan 2. 
Union.-Wc closed our Sunday school for 1904 on 
Chris mas day, with a children's meeting. Bro lolin F 
Joseph, of Burton Ind., and Mr. Frank Wolf, a young man 
of our own school, each gave a very interesting talf to" 
the children, after which the treat was distributed and 
prizes were awarded to thirteen children who lad not 
,T a ,o S ns nday , m the y£ar ' J an - ' we reorganized "or 

orns Mr f 19 2?' w,e \ Bro ' Ira Mock superintendent and a full 

Ply P moS;h ab r, e ,d:°jan r r DOra A ' He " rickS ' R ' R ' N °' 6 ' 

Union Center—Dec. 4 Bro. H. Forney, of Goshen 

ingTfte^ a '"/'"I . mCetinSS ' He had scripture ea T 
ng fifteen minutes before preaching, which was very in- 

chooi n s g 'h d IeCtmg ?'° Sed DCC ' 26 "' 1th ei Sht dear Sunday- 
taried IS C T- m S ° Ut ° n the Lord ' s s 'de. They were 
Ind Jan 2 '" ba P" sm — L - A- Frederick, Nappanee, 

H" P ev e cfe al l! C , reek rr?" r C ,' n ' rch council convened at the 
of"he y „enther ,< ^ 2 \ Bccause of ,he inclemency 

was handed in "" t'F °" ly a few present - °" e ' e »et 
was handed in since I last wrote. We had an excellent 

T,e S sL a d sern ! on , by our elder, Bro. David F. Hoover 

Mihe^ terin" nd° in™ We ga had ^ ni k e<l ■ W ' th Br °" J °''" 
t \,r. u '"^'''"•eiiaenc. We bad 1 hanksgivine ^erv ccs at 

Ida J. E. Green, Middletown, Ind., Jan. 1 

Wabash.-A goodly number of our members were per- 

year. Eld. E. S. Bruhaker and Bro. J. F. Frantz spoke 
We meet again this evening in a Christian Workers' meet- 
nig. Those present from a distance were sisters Edith Bru- 
haker and Emma Harris, the former a teacher in the 
Botetout College, Va., and the latter of the Manchester 
College, both spending vacation with their parents. There 
were also several sisters from tile Somerset church in at- 
tendance.— Kittle A. Hursh. Route No. 9, Wabash, Ind 
Jan. 1. 

Franklin County church met Iti council Dec 29 In the 
absence of elders Wm. Lichty and Wm. Pyle, Bro. J R 
Allen presided. Our Sunday school was reorganized with 
Bro George Allen superintendent; also the Christian 
Workers meeting was reorganized, with the undersigned 
president and Sister Hattie Allen vice-president. Christ- 
mas day the investments from the Sunday-school children 
were gathered in, which amounted to $20.11 to go to the 
Chicago Sunday-school extension.— Elsie A. Pyle R R 
No. 5, Hampton, Iowa, Jan. 2. . ' 

w G u ndy ? ° Unty S ln,rch mct in council Dec. 31, with Bro. 
VV. H. Lichty, of South Waterloo, presiding. Bro Enoch 
Kennedy was installed in the deacon's office. Tlans to or- 
ganize Christian Workers' meetings were adopted. Our 
Sunday school was reorganized, with Bro. Harry Shellcr 
superintendent. Bro. Lichty remained with us over Sun- 
day, giving us a good New Year's sermon in the morning 
and in the evening he preached to the members at Grundy 
Center.— Hannah Messer, Grundy Center, Iowa, Jan 3 

; f T'crf^i R^Ll^rK^eJ! 1 ^ 

where wife has a sister. There we visited for fourteen 
sfs y , I Bret J lr . e n llav e a in Kearney. 
Sister Boone is doing a good work. We visited the mis- 
sion room and were much pleased with the work We 
preached four times in the church and conducted two 
prayer meetings. Bro. Samuel Forney has the oversight 
ol this church. The church has a membership of sixty 
members with a bright future. Bro. Ira Suavely, Bro 
Forneys colaborer, is going to Michigan. Bro Forney 

Frirnev - , I "i; " 0, n We le ^ Kear "c'y feeling that Brother 
horney and Sister Boone have too much work.— Wm H 
Pyle, Hampton, Iowa, Jan. 7. 

Knoxville—Dec. 10 Bro. John Follis, of Lennox, Iowa 
came to our place and gave us eleven sermons. We had 
had no meeting by the Brethren for about a year. There 
arc four members living here in and near Knoxville. At 
Pleasantv, le there are a few, seven miles from this place 
Our church in the Middle District is eighteen miles from 
us but we belong to the southern district.— Jennie Alex- 
ander, Route 4, Knoxville, Iowa, Jan. 3 

tl, 1 SO >v„rl-e°r ttU, f ,V ( a -Ti r,le L ° r d is . blessing the work and 
the workers of the Ottumwa mission. Christmas evening 
a sister came out from the world to unite with God's peo- 
ple, and on Friday we went to the Des Moines River and 
buried her with Christ in baptism, having to cut about ten 
inches of ice. The sister is very poorly with Bright's dis- 
ease and her doctor forbade her being baptized She has 

0,,e , of e „ ler 4' nC f than , Sl, ?." ad bee " f " some time bc-fore 
?h 1,1 of S ",nday-school boys came forward to become a 
child of the King. Our Sunday school is well attended 
on the increase The Brethren literature is 1, ighly appre 
Ja a n 1 WO ' f ' ^ S °' M °° re St: ' S °- Ottumwa, fowa, 

South Waterloo church met In council Jan. 3, Eld A P 
Blough presiding. Several members were received by let- 
ter. One was reclaimed. Five letters were granted 
This church has pledged itself to raise twelve hundred 
dollars for the erection of an orphanage building in India 
said amount has nearly all been subscribed. Bro Hoi' 
singer conducted a successful term of singing at this place 
&MM ° f °-«.»er ._ E SaLe, Swftze" 

cle^HnV^'^'V ™ e „ re o"-Stinized om . Sund schoo , 
electing Bro. J. F. Bell superintendent and Bro. H D 
Blocher assistant. On Christmas we had children's meet- 
ing, in which nearly all of the children took part Our 
school is growing in interest and in numbers We ex- 
hv'nr? r VC a series ,? f meetings in February, conducted 

rw n ?T ge ' °T ,r d '| tnct c.varigelist.-Emma J. Modlin, 
ijtiri Uak, Kans., Jan. 3. 

Correction.— My report .in the Messenger of Dec 24 
from Washington Creek, Kans., should have read that 
Bro. W. A. Kinzie was advanced to the second degree of 
the ministry. Eld. D. B. Barnhart, of Appanoosl, was 

M W„J £■ r° ,,d V c ', G - d " le , '"sanation services.-Chas. 
M. Ward, Richland, Kans., Jan. 4. 

Cottonwood church met on New Year's day for church 
Jul j 7."" y , sc hool. One of our ministers, Bro R M 
Weddle who has been ailing for a long time, 'was 
anointed.— Mary E. Burnett, Dunlap, Kans., Jan. 2. 

McPherson church met in council to-day. The church 
decided that we make an effort to secure the service of 
Bro. D. L. Forney on his way east. We also appointed a 
committee to secure a minister for a series of meetings 
about November next.— Mary S. V. Harshberger, 
McPherson, Kans., Jan. 2. 

Monitor church had been looking forward to the time 
when we could have with us Bro. Geo. B. Holsinger who 
gave us a series of singings during holidays. This was a 
busy week, but was certainly enjoyed by all We believe 
wherever Bro. Holsinger has had a class under his direc- 
non there certainly is better singing.— Laura Murrey, Con- 
way, Kans., Jan. 2. 

Peabody church closed a two weeks' series of meetings 
Dec. 25. Bro. Geo. Manon, of Gypsum City, did the 
preaching. The members were very much encouraged 
Dec. 10 we had a very enjoyable love feast. Brethren 
Manon and W. S. Royer were with us. Bro. Manon of- 
ficiated.— Katie Yost, Peabody, Kans., Jan. 2, 

Pleasant View church met in council Dec. 31 At a 
former council it was decided to elect all church officers 
once a year and Sunday-school officers every six months 
Bro. A F. Miller was elected elder for the coming year 
Bro. Walter Hombaker was elected Sunday-school super- 
intendent, and Bro. John Showalter assistant. A series of 
meetings is to be held at this place by D. A. Miller com- 
mencing Jan. 8. The meetings are to be preceded by 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 1905. 

Jan. 3. The writer was 
—Lottie Rexroad, Darlow. 

prayer meetings commencing 
elected church correspondent. 
Kans., Jan. 2. 

Turkey Creek church, north part of Okla. T. A little 
band of members is located here laboring for Christ. Hid. 
A J. Smith gave us six soul-cheering sermons. Council 
meeting called by request of our elder. Bro. Joseph 
Troxel was installed in the ministry. Decided to have 
cottage Bible meeting every Thursday evening; preaching 
second and fourth Sunday evening of each month. J? our 
families of like precious faith have moved in our rmdst 
from Iowa this week, all expecting to buy homes We in- 
vite those looking for new locations.— E. C. Butcher, K. If. 
D. No. 7, Caldwell, Kans., Dec. 30. 

Victor church met in council Dec. 31. our elder, A. C. 
Daggett presiding. Our Sunday school was reorganized. 
Bro Elmer Thompson was reelected superintendent and 
Bro Henry Bradshaw assistant. Four were received by 
letter and one precious soul was reclaimed, 
respondent's time having expired, the writer ■ 
We expect Bro. George B. Holsinger jto be with us^ to^corn 
nience a singing class Jan. 
1, Waldo, Kans., Jan. 2. 

Our cor- 

s chosen. 


i need 
Green, Ser- 

. 9.— Pearl Rowzer, R. F. D. No. 


Frederick.— During the past summer we have remodeled 
our church by painting the interior walls and Ipcwsand re- 
moved the stoves and put in a furnace. The Brethren 
met for a love feast Nov. 22, with a goodly number to sur- 
round the tables and a number of visiting ministering 
brethren. Dec. 31 we met in council, with Hid. £,. a. 
Brunner presiding. We have decided to hold a series 
of meetings the latter part of February. Dr. H. K falir- 
ney was elected superintendent for the ensuing year.— j. 
Welty Falirney, Frederick, Md., Jan. 2. 

Notice.— To the elders of Southern District of Pennsyl- 
vania: The time specified by our last district meeting for 
the report of the solicitors of the local congregations in 
the interest of an Old. Folk's Home expired about Jan. 1, 
1905 I would therefore ask a prompt response, so I may 
be able to give a report to the committee appointed by 
district meeting.— E.' S. Miller, R. R. No. 22, Lineboro, 
Md., Jan. 2. 

Black River church met in council Dec. 31. There are 
not many of us and if any members want to change loca- 
tion we would be pleased to have them come and see our 
country.— Sharlotty Fisher, R. F. D. No. 3, South Haven, 
Mich., Jan. 2. 

Silver Creek.— During 1904 this church in Williams 
county, Ohio, received twelve members by baptism and 
two by letter. Two died, four were granted letters and 
five had to be disowned. Hence there was a net gam of 
three. — Noah Long, Frontier, Mich., Jan. 3. 

Woodland.— Our evergreen Sunday school has been do- 
ing a good work for a number of years through the un- 
tiring efforts of officers and teachers. Jan. 7 we expect 
Bro. S. F. Sanger to begin a series of meetings in Wood- 
land church. I have been in the field every winter more or 
less for twenty-five years till this winter. My wife's health 
' has been poor for nearly one year and is not so that I can 
leave home yet. I consider the Messenger a great bless- 
ing to the Brotherhood. — Isaiah Rairigh, Woodland, 
Mich., Jan. 2. 

Carthage.— Jan. 1 our Sunday school was reorganized. 
Sister Louisa Buzzard was again elected superintendent. 
Our Sunday school is moving along nicely. We met in 
special council meeting not long since, at which brethren 
Noah Oren and Robert F. Bowman were ordained to the 
eldership. Bro. C. Holderman, from the Spring River 
church, and brethren Wm. Harvey and H. Sunderland 
were with us.— Edwin GrofT, 1045 Cedar St., Carthage, 
Mo., Jan. 4. 

Handley. — Christmas will not soon be forgotten. We 
were agreeably surprised in having present with us at 
Sunday school and preaching services three dear brethren 
from Kansas. This was the first opportunity we have had 
in the first year's work here of worshiping with ones of 
like precious faith. We feel encouraged from the fact that 
these brethren all decided to locate here and assist us in 
our work. We trust many others may come.— F. L. Baker, 
Handley, Mo., Jan. 1. 

Peace Valley church met in council Dec. 21. Four let- 
ters were accepted. We expect to make a call, through 
the Messenger, for an elder to come and take charge of 
the church at this place. Bro. Lemuel Hillery will resign 
in the near future on account of bodily affliction, and that 
will leave us without an elder. Two brethren were ap- 
pointed to call for help to build a church, and that will be 
done by the two corresponding solicitors elected by the 
church at the last council meeting, namely J. J. Wassam 
and the writer. The prospect? are favorable to build up a 
good church at this place. Cheap land, much timber. — A. 
W. Finfrock. R. F. D. No. 2, West Plains, Mo., Jan. 2. 

Prairie View church met in council Dec. 31. Sunday 
school was reorganized for the year, with R. H. Lingle 
superintendent and N. S. Goodman assistant. Church offi- 
cers were elected. We adopted the pledge plan for raising 
church funds. — Vina Raymer, Glenstcd, Mo., Jan. 2. 

Rockingham.— Nov. 19 Bro. D. W. Crist, of Virginia, 
came to this place and began a series of meetings, which 
continued five weeks. Thirteen souls were made willing to 
accept Christ and were received by baptism. An offering 
of $46.40 was made on Thanksgiving day, and was applied 
to the world-wide mission fund. Bro. Crist will remain 
here several weeks to give some much-needed instruction 
in music. — Cora Brunk, R. F. D. No. 2, Norborne, Mo., 
Jan. 2. 

Shelby County.— Thanksgiving day we had services, after 
which a collection of $7.50 was taken for the benefit of the 
orphans' home at Council Bluffs, Iowa. Our council was 
held Dec. 31. The officers of the church were elected; also 
the Sunday school was reorganized for the next six 
months; Bro. N. C. Folger superintendent, Bro. C. R. 
Miles assistant. — Blanche Lapp, Leonard, Mo., Jan. 1. 

Falls City church met in council Dec. 24. Some im- 
portant work that had previously been before the church 
was disposed of. Among other business transacted was 

that of taking up a collection for the Brooklyn house of 
worship, amounting to $2.55. This will be added to by 
collections later on.— Jas. A. Stouder, Route No. 2, Falls 
City, Ncbr., Jan. 4. 

Sand Brook.— Bro. Samuel Kulp. of Ephrata, Pa., paid 
a visit to the Sand Brook and Amwell churches Dec. 25. 
The Christmas exercises for the Sunday school at Sand 
Brook on Sunday afternoon passed oft" very pleasantly and 
were well attended. The Sunday school will be kept open 
during the winter, and thus far has been well attended, 
series of meetings will begin at Sand Brook Jan. 7 
ducted by Bro. Levi Brumbaugh, of Denton, Md. W- 
a pastor ami hope to secure one. — Jennie F. 
geantsville, N. J., Jan. 1. 

Berthold church met in council Dec. 31. We have an 
evergreen Sunday school, with good interest. Average 
attendance for past quarter was 37. New Year's day was 
a beautiful day with us.— Allie M. Pctry, Berthold, N. 
Dak., Jan. 2. 

Salem church met at 11 A. M. on New Year's day to 
worship God. A committee had been appointed to arrange 
a fitting program for the day, to be participated in mostly 
by the young folks and the children. Sister Jennie Frantz 
was foreman of the committee and Sister Ellie Dccter 
chorister for the day. Songs were inspiring, and the good 
speeches made by the little folks were a rare treat. A 
number of older ones made very good speeches. Sister 
Sady Boyd read a very fitting missionary lesson. A col- 
lection of over six dollars was raised for the Sunday 
school.— J. K. Shively, Etna, N. Dak., Jan. 2. 

Surrey church met in council Dec. 31, Wc have been 
having two elders to oversee the church ever since we were 
organized, Bro. D. M. Shorn and Bro. F. H. Bradley, and 
at this council they both resigned; so the church selected 
one to serve for one year. The lot fell on Bro. F. H. 
Bradley. He presided at our council. We elected our 
church officer's for the coming year. Bro. C. E. Dresner 
was appointed Messenger agent and the writer correspond- 
ing secretary. Bro. D. S. Petry was elected Sunday-school 
superintendent and Bro. Jesse Coy assistant. Five letters 
were received and two granted. As our Christian Work- 
ers' meeting seems to be lacking in interest, we decided to 
have half an hour song service every Sunday evenini 
M. Wolf preached to a very attentive audience.- 
S. Lambert, Surrey, N. Dak., Jan. 2. 



Greenville.— The apparent zeal shown on New Year's day 
in our Sunday school betokens willing hearts and earnest 
efforts for the Lord's work at this place. The new officers 
and teachers manifested their desire and love for Christ 
in presenting their lessons. The preaching services were 
well attended, conducted by Bro. David Hollinger. Bro. 
Hodgden will be with us Jan. 9 to help in our series of 
meetings. — Catharine Hollinger, Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 6. 

Upper Twin (Beech Grove house).— Bro. David Stuts- 
man, of Dayton, Ohio, commenced a scries of meetings 
Dec. 17, closing New Year's day. A great interest was 
manifested throughout the meeting. — William Brubaker, 
R. R. 3, Eaton, Ohio, Jan. 3 

Frankfort.— Bro. James H. May came over from Circlc- 
ville and held our Christmas meetings. He preached two 
soul-cheering sermons Sunday, and continued the meet- 
ings every night through the week. Bro. Charles May 
joined him New Year's and we had two services that day. 
The meeting closed that night. The members feel very 
much strengthened.— Martha A. Kelley, Frankfort, Ohio, 
Jan. 5. 

Canton.— Bro. D. W. Kurtz and Bro. Arthur Culler, from 
Juniata College, Huntingdon, Pa., were here at the Center 
house Dec. 25 at 10:30 A. M. They are members of the 
Volunteer Mission Band out on a vacation tour. Their 
talks are for missions. — George S. Grim, Louisville, Ohio, 
Jan. 1. 

Fostoria. — Jan. 1 wc organized a Sunday school at the 
Old Folk's Home, with Bro. G. A. Snider in charge. There 
were forty present at our first session. We also arranged 
for preaching service very two weeks. A glance at our 
report at the mission for 1904 shows an enrollment of 
66, average attendance of 48, and total contribution of 
$67.15, $10.53 of which was paid to missions and $15 turned 
into our church building fund.— Ira E. Long, 326 Summit 
St., Fostoria, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Big Creek church expects a revival meeting to com- 
mence Jan. 14 at their house of worship four miles west of 
Cushing. Bro. Bosscrman is expected to conduct the 
meeting.— A. W. Austin, Cushing, Okla., Jan. 2. 

Mt. Hope church met in council Dec. 24, Eld. Ritter pre- 
siding, assisted by Eld. Wm. Bosscrman. Eld. Bosscrman 
was with us nearly two weeks, conducting a protracted 
meeting and teaching vocal music. The attendance was 
small on account of the inclement weather at the first. 
We were much encouraged.— Mary E. Ritter, R. R. No. 5, 
Guthrie, Okla., Dec. 31. 

Rogue River.— We met Dec. 31 in council. It being the 
time to elect church officers, Bro. L. D. Mineas was re- 
elected clerk and solicitor for general missions, Bro. Z, 
Webster agent for Messenger, Bro. Jacob Bahr solicitor 
for district, Sister Susan Rhodes home solicitor, the writer 
correspondent. Bro. R. M. Shoot, a minister, is locating 
in Talent, which is a station on the Southern Pacific R. R., 
in Jackson county, Oregon.— Nancy Bahr, Talent, Oregon, 
Jan. 2. 


Elk Lick church convened in council to-day, with a fair 

attendance. A commendable spirit prevailed. Wc enter 

the new year with hope.— T. S. Fike, Elk Lick, Pa,, Dec. 


Jacob's Creek — Our council met to-day. Elders U. D. 
Brauchcr and Josiah Bertley, of Somerset county, were 
with us, and rendered efficient aid. Our spiritual outlook 
for the new year is good. — Frank B. Myers, Box 518, Mt. 
Pleasant, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Johnstown.— The last Thursday of December we met in 
the Walnut Grove house for council, 

good turnout, it being the closing up of the year s business 
and electing the different officers for the year 1905. The 
most important matter was to have more help in the minis- 
try and it was decided to hold an election for some in the 
near future. There are five different appointments and 
most of the ministers are getting up in years. The vacancy 
on the home mission board was filled by the election of 
P. C. Straycr and E. H. Dctwiler. The Walnut Grove 
house will have Sunday school at 9:30 A. M., preaching at 
10:30 A. M., Christian Workers' band at 6:15 P. M., 
preaching at 7 P. M. every Sunday, and Bible study every 
Wednesday evening, taught by Bro. Harvey Replogle. 
The Sunday-school teachers meet on Sunday for the study 
of the lesson at 9 A. M.— L. R. Brallier, Johnstown, Pa- 
Jan. 2. 

Lewistown.— Bro. Levi L. Holsinger, of New Enterprise, 
came to us Dec. 3 and remained until Christmas. The 
church was much edified and strengthened. We had our 
church meeting Dec. 31. More pastoral work was planned 
for our congregation. We have fell the need of this for 
some time. Wc have arranged that Bro. J. M. Mohler 
will devote a considerable part of his time to this work, 
especially in Lewistown and vicinity. Bro. Mohler will 
enter on his work at once.— S. J. Swigart, Lewistown, Pa- 
Jan. 2. 

Mechanicsburg arm of the Lower Cumberland congre- 
gation, Pa., will begin a scries of meetings at that place 
Feb. 4. Services will be conducted by Bro. Silas W. 
Hoover, of Bills, Pa.— Clarence E. Long, Mechanicsburg, 
Pa., Jan, 4. 

Mountville.— Eld. G. N. Falkcnstcin, of Elizabcthlown, 
Pa., commenced a series of meetings at the Petersburg 
house Dec, 3 and closed Dec. 18, preaching eighteen inter- 
esting sermons. Good and precious seed was sown. — A. S. 
Holtcuslcin, East Petersburg, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Norristown church in a special Thanksgiving service 
took up a collection for the Harrisburg church. On Christ- 
mas day, which was a very wintcry one, a collection was 
taken up both morning and evening fur missionary work. 
One received into church membership by letter since last 
report.— T. F. Imlcr, Norristown, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Pittsburg church met in council Dec. 29, our elder, S. S. 
Blough, presiding. A full, but not final, report of the ex- 
penses of the church was read. It was decided to hold 
Christian Workers' meeting each Sunday evening instead 
of every two weeks as heretofore. We expect to have a 
sewing school for boys and girls each Saturday afternoon, 
beginning Jan. 7. Wc shall be glad to have any of the 
Sifters' Sewing Societies send us pattern's of the articles 
they make. In connection with the sewing, there will be 
other work done as the Lord directs. One sister has 
promised to buy the first quilt or comfort made and to 
"pay well" for it.— Alice M. Smith, 1120 Greenfield Ave., 
Pittsburg, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Snake Spring.— Koonlz church closed a very interesting 
series of meetings Dec. 29. Bro. J. J Shaffer, from Berlin, 
Somerset Co., Pa., preached sixteen soul-cheering ser- 
mons. Nine precious souls were received by baptism. — Es- 
sie Guyer, New Enterprise, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Tatesville.— Bio. D. T Dctwiler, of New Enterprise, 
held a series of meetings for us at the Bethel church in 
Yellow Creek congregation. He began his meetings Nov. 
21, preaching seventeen sermons. Two sisters were bap- 
tized.— G. S. Balzel. Tatesville, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Upper Canowago church met in council in East Berlin 
Dec. 31, Eld. Wm. A. Anthony presiding. Four letters 
were granted, two of them being to one of our ministering 
brethren and companion. District meeting of Southern 
District of Pennsylvania will he held in East Berlin 
May 10. Decided to hold our spring love feast at the 
Mummert house May 20 and 21. The privilege was granted 
us to organize a Christian Workers' meeting. The writer 
was elected Sunday-school superintendent for ensuing year 
in East Berlin, Pa., and brethren G. M. Rcsser and J. B. 
Bcchtel assistants. Sunday afternoon we reorganized our 
Sunday school with a good attendance. We contemplate 
holding a series of mceiings the coming fall at East Berlin 
Hamilton and Latimorc. Dec. 30 previous to our council 
there were five more received by baptism, making twenty- 
eight at this writing, as a result of the series of meetings 
conducted by Eld. D. C. Flory, from New Hope, Va., at 
the Mummert house.— Andrew Bowser, East Berlin, Pa., 
Jan. 2. 

Grecnmount church met in its annual council Dec. 31, 
Eld. I. C. Myers presiding. Two letters were granted and 
six received. It was decided to hold our scries of meetings 
in August; another to he held at the Mt. Zion church and 
a third at the Pine Grove church, if thought practicable. 
Officers for our Christian Workers' meeting were re- 
elected. We are very much pleased with the success and 
progress made in our Christian Workers' meeting during 
the year. We arc now entering our second year in the 
work. Delegates to district meeting are brethren J. W. 
Wampler and I. W. Miller. Sunday-school superintendents 
were elected, S. M. and D. R. Miller being the choice. We 
are now entering our third year with our " evergreen " 
Sunday school. We made an average of 52.5 for the 
year 1904.— L. Katie Ritchie, Greenmount, Va., Jan. 2. . 

Penn Laird.— Bro. S. G. Cline, of Mt. Clinton, conducted 
a singing at Mt. Pleasant church during the holidays. It 
was very profitable and will add much to the cause. — R. 
L. Myers, Penn Laird, Va., Jan. 3. 

There was a fairly 


Spokane.— We are now laboring in this wonderfully 
wicked city. What we need most is a place to worship. 
We are now laboring from house to house, holding service 
where Brethren will open their house. We contemplate 
getting a tent to use next summer. — S. H. Baker, E. 2319 
First Ave., Spokane, Wash., Dec. 30. 

Tekoa church met in council to-day. Since my last re- 
port we have received seven members by letter and 
granted four letters. We reorganized our Sunday school 
by electing Sister G. S. Hale superintendent and J. G. 
Miller assistant. We also reorganized our Christian 
Workers' meeting. Decided to hold our love feast Jan. 
21. A Bible school is to commence Jan. S conducted by 
Eld. D. M. Click. It will continue until the feast, and pos- 
sibly longer— B. F. Zimmerman, Tekoa, Wash., Dec. 31. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 1905. 


The subject of this brief sketch was bom in Wadsworth, 
Medina county, Ohio, Nov. 5, 1855. At an early age he, 
with his parents, moved to Wayne county, same State, 
where he grew to manhood. In his earlier years he 
taught school several terms. He spent some time in 
Oregon, but not being satisfied with the social conditions 
of the West, he returned to his former home in the Chip- 
pewa church, where he was elected to the ministry. 
Feeling his need of better preparation for the responsible 
work, he spent some time in school work at Huntington, 
Pa., where he met Sister Ella Bashorc who became his 
life companion. They settled on the homestead of his 
father, where they lived pleasantly until death claimed him 
Dec. 20, 1904. 

As a minister, Bro. Wieand was earnest, his sermons 
abounding in scripture quotations and apt illustrations 
from everyday life. His prayers were fervent, his inter- 
est in the young especially marked. As a counselor he 
always considered well before passing on any vital ques- 
tion. His counsel was always wise. He was ordained to 
the eldership several years ago. In his death the district 
loses a worthy man, the home church a noble worker, the 
family a kind husband and father. He lived to see his 
children enter the church, the son having united several 
years ago. Among his last official work was the baptism 
of his daughter. 

Funeral services conducted by his fellow workers Dec. 
23, amidst a large and sympathetic congregation of 
friends. James Murray. 


and judging from the interesting program prepared and 
the various attractions offered this one will be no less so. 

The trustees are preparing to build a new dormitory 
for the ladies during the coming summer. The building 
is badly needed and they hope to have sufficient means 
in hand to begin work as soon as spring opens. 

Three acres of land were recently purchased adjacent 
to the College grounds and converted into an athletic 
field. Two of the buildings have been wired and are 
now lighted by electricity. Jno. S. Flory. 

Charlottesville, Va., January 3. 


It has been a long time since I wrote a letter for The 
Messenger. The work is more promising now than ever 
since we came here. Some reasons I will give, and some I 
shall not give in this letter. While it seems nearly impos- 
sible to advance where we first began, I have hopes for 
that place and a plan by which I believe it will recruit 
during the year 1905. 

At Dail schoolhouse, where I have been holding month- 
ly meeting during most of the time for three years, there 
is a much better interest indicated and I can hope that if 
the work is continued m a proper manner our work there 
will not be in vain. I have the consent of several that our 
faith and practice is backed up by the Bible. During this 
year I have opened up work at Darden, Martin county, 
-atid at my second meeting four applied for membership. 
This caused a stir, though many had expressed themselves 
that we had the true way. But their convictions were 
not deep enough, and a little alarm caused quite a scare. 
Our meetings there caused some to read the Bible more, 
and that will, if followed, bring about right results. Our 
members at this place have gone to work in earnest, and 
that will, in time, be blessed by good results. One of 
their members is a good speaker and each of them is en- 
deavoring to accomplish the most in the least time. Pray 
for our work and workers. N. N. Garst. 

Dec. 26. 


During the holiday vacation I had the privilege of 
spending a day at Bridgewater College. School was 
not in session and most of the students were away, but 
I learned that the school is in excellent condition and 
was glad to notice several marks of improvement about 
the place. 

The session thus far has been one of the best in the 
history of the school. The enrollment during the fall 
term was 175, which is more than was ever reached 
before so early in the session. 

The Missionary Society is especially active. It has a 
large number of active workers, who meet weekly in the 
College chapel and invite the public to attend their exer- 
cises. That their programs are of general interest is 
attested by the large crowds that regularly attend their 
services. Among the regular attendants and contributors, 
I was told, are some who make no profession of religion 
at all. The unselfish devotion of the workers and the 
lofty spirit that characterizes the work has for all right- 
thinking people an irresistible charm. The meetings last 
for just one hour and are characterized by deep spir- 

There is also a volunteer mission band among the stu- 
dents, numbering more than a dozen. These also hold a 
weekly meeting and discuss such things as more directly 
concern their prospective work. 

The Special Bible Term for the session will begin 
Jan. 16 and continue two weeks. An ample schedule of 
work has been prepared, which will be presented by 
Prof. Yount and three or four other members of the 
College Faculty, assisted by Bro. Galen B. Uoyer and 
Bro. D. H. Zigler. Bro. Zigler will begin a series of meet- 
ings in the chapel on Friday evening, Jan 13, and will 
continue during the institute and probably longer. In 
recent years these institutes have been largely attended, 


As we come to the close of another year, and take a 
glance backward we have many reasons to be thankful to 
our kind heavenly Father for his loving, watchful care 
over us during the past year. Ever since our coming to 
Grand Valley, Colo., we have given the readers of The 
Gospel Messenger a few items as to the growth and the 
prosperity of the Grand Valley church. Being located in 
a beautiful valley in the Rocky Mountains, nature has done 
much to make this place attractive and desirable to live 
in, but the religion of our Blessed Master is still making it 
more desirable to live here. 

During 1904 a very large number of brethren and sisters 
have moved into our midst Among that number were 
five ministers and two deacons, by whom the church has 
been greatly strengthened, and we have hopes of much 
greater work being done in the future than in the past. 
During the year we have built a good, substantial church- 
house at Fruita, ten miles from the first church built in 
the valley in 1899. Then we numbered 35 members; now 
we have 135 members. The Fruita church has not been 
dedicated yet, owing to the failure in getting the seats on 
time. It will be dedicated in the near future. Our 
heavenly Father has kindly cared for the little flock here. 
Not one has been cut down by the sickle of death during 
the year and no very severe sickness has been in our fold. 
Four precious souls have been baptized during the year. 
We closed the year with a week's Bible normal at the 
church, conducted by our elder, S. Z. Sharp. There was a 
good attendance and the best of interest taken in the 

Now, as we enter upon another new year, let us 
endeavor to still do more and better work for Jesus. Let 
our motto ever be, "For Christ and the Church." 

D. M. Click. 

Grand Junction, Colo. 


The District Meeting of Texas and Louisiana met in 
the Roanoke church, Roanoke, La., Dec. 30. The meet- 
ing was organized by electing Bro. J. A. Miller, of Man- 
vel, Texas, moderator; Bro. W. E. Whitcher, of Manvel, 
Texas, reading clerk, and Bro. A. A. Sutter, of Roanoke, 
La., writing clerk. One paper came before the meet- 
ing and was returned. The former mission board re- 
signed and a new one was elected, composed of breth- 
ren L. S. Sutphin, of Roanoke, La., for three years; Geo. 
Marc hand, of Manvel, Texas, for two years and John 
Moore, of Manvel, Texas, one year. Bro. A. J. Wine 
was reelected as district Sunday-school secretary. Bro. 
Morton Peters will represent the district on the Stand- 
ing Committee in 1905, Bro. J. C. Minnix, alternate. We 
decided to hold our next district meeting in Manvel, Tex- 
as during the holidays of 1905. 

A. A. Sutter, Writing Clerk. 

Jan. 3. 


When I read, in the Messenger of Dec. 3, of the healing 
of Bro. John Herr, I had to think again, as often before, 
Why don't our brethren practice more healing, as the 
apostles did? 

When Jesus sent the twelve out he commanded them 
to heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, and cast out devils. 
In Luke 9:6 we read that they went through the towns 
preaching the Gospel and healing everywhere. And I 
have seen before, as well as in Brother Herr's case, that 
the Lord God heals now, the same as in the apostles' 
time. He is the same yesterday, to-day and forever. 

I have seen a case right here. A brother had typhoid 
fever, and two doctors gave up the case and said they 
could do nothing more. The elders came and anointed 
the brother, praying for his recovery; and he is living 
to-day. That was several years ago. 

But it takes faith. In Matt. 9:28 we read, "Believe ye 
that I am able to do this?" Matt. 8:13 says: "As thou 
hast believed, so be it done unto thee." Our faith must 
be without doubt; we must believe in the Spirit and live 
in the Spirit. 

As Paul said, the Gospel came to us not only in words, 
but also in power; and we must pray aright. There is a 

prayer of supplication and a prayer of affirmation. What 
God has made we cannot ask him to make over. We 
must affirm with that and ask him to give us more light, 
strengthen our faith and help us. If we forget self and 
have our thoughts on God, he will take care of us, if we 
do his will. We pray the Lord to forgive our debts as 
we forgive our debtors. We have to overcome all hatred 
and envy and selfishness. He said we shall love our 
neighbors as ourself, and that means everybody we come 
in contact with. If we want the Lord to help us and for- 
give us we must forgive everybody else; then we have 
not so much work abroad with others. Our work is 
right at home with self. When we see that we are all 
children of our heavenly Father, then we look to him 
as our overseer, and we love them all. 

We must love even our enemies. If we have the right 
understanding of God we can heal as well as the dis- 
ciples did. With God all things are possible; but some 
of the apostles could not heal on account of their unbe- 
lief. Fanny E. Light. 

Pasadena, Cal. 


"What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder." 

of the bride, Dec. 29, 1904, by the undersigned, Bro. 
Jacob L. Cunningham, Flora, Ind,, and Sister Ida Blicken- 
staff, of Mulberry, Ind. John W. Lear. 

DEARDORFF— CALVERT.— At the home of the 
bride's parents, near Zion, N. Dak., Dec. 4, 1904, by the un- 
dersigned, Bro. John E. Deardorff, of Rosedale, N. Dak., 
and Sister Olive Calvert, of Zion, N. Dak. John Deal. 

FRANTZ— TALHELM.— In Rockyford, Colo., Dec. 
28, 1904. Bro. Osee C. Frantz and Sister Blanche B. Tal- 
helm, both of Rockyford, Colo. I. H. Crist. 

LEMON— KOONCE. — At the home of Mr. and Mrs. 
De Senos, Juniata, Nebr., by the undersigned, Dec. 25, 
1904 Bro. Charles E. Lemon and Miss Hettie I. Koonce. 

J. J. Kindlg. 

LONGANECKER— SMITH.— At the home of the 
bride's parents, Ira H. and Martina B. Smith, by the 
undersigned, Dec, Dec. 25, 1904, Bro. O. Newton Longa- 
necker and Sister Mabel R. Smith, both of Roanoke, La. 

Joel Glick. 

MURRY— WEAVER.— At the home of the bride's 
parents, Brother and Sister S. P. Weaver, of Ames, Okla., 
by the undersigned, Dec. 25, 1904, Bro. John Murry and 
Sister Minnie E. Weaver, both of Larned, Kans. 

Emanuel J. Smith. 

ROUZER— PARR.— Dec. 25, 1904, by the undersigned, 
at the bride's residence, near Maxwell, Iowa, Bro. Clarence 
Rouzer, of Ames, Iowa, and Sister Delia Parr, of Maxwell, 
Iowa. Samuel Bowser. 

SHORES— NETZLEY— At the home of the bride's par- 
ents, by the undersigned, Dec. 28, 1904, Bro Oscar M. 
Shores and Sister Anna Netzley, both of Adams, Nebr. 
A. D. Sollenberger. 

VANIMAN— GIBSON.— At the bride's home in Girard, 
111., by the undersigned, Dec. 28, 1904, Herbie H. Vani- 
man and Stella E. Gibson, both of Girard, 111. M. Flory. 

WOLFORD— MILLER— At the home of the bride, by 
the undersigned, Dec. 24, 1904, Bro. David Wolford, ef 
Kenmare, North Dakota, to Sister Vernie Miller, of 
Eldorado, Ohio. Jonas Horning. 

-as, FALLEN ASLEEP «==h 

"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 
Death Notices of Children Under Five Years Not Published. 

BELL, Mary Ellen, nee Barnhart, died Dec. 19, 1904, at 
her home near Rossville, Ohio, aged 64 years and 2 days. 
She united in marriage to Henry Bell Jan. 19, 1860. To 
this union were born four sons and six daughters. Two 
daughters preceded her to the land beyond. She united 
with the Evangelical church in her early life and re- 
mained there until about three years ago. She then united 
with the Brethren church, and lived a consecrated life to 
the end. Services by Bro. S. G. Smith from Rev. 6:8. 

Iva M. Smith. 

BENDER, Elizabeth, nee Garver, widow of George A. 
Bender, died Dec. 15, 1904, aged 76 years, 9 months and 
29 days. Deceased was born near Ragersville, Ohio, Feb. 
16, 1828. She was united in marriage to Geo. A. Bender 
March 20, 1854. To this union were born three sons and 
three daughters, all of whom are yet living. She united 
with the Brethren church when young and remained a 
faithful member until death. The deceased was an invalid 
for nearly twenty years, but she bore her sickness with 
Christian patience, always having implicit confidence 
in her Lord. Services at the Ragersville church by Eld. 
M. H. Shuett and the writer. Edward Shepfer. 

CLEMMER, Bro. William N., died Dec. 30, 1904, in the 
Lanark church, 111., of paralysis, aged 69 years, 7 months 
and 16 days. Bro. Clemmer had been at the council meet- 
ing on the afternoon of the day before, and soon after re- 
turning home was smitten down and called away in a 
little less than twenty-four hours. He was born in Mont- 
gomery county, Pa., and was received into the church 
at Norristown, where he was also elected to the office of 
deacon about forty years ago, which office he filled faith- 
fully until the day of his death. He was an earnest 
and spiritually-minded worker in the church. He will be 
greatly missed in the various services of the church. He 
leaves Sister Clemmer and four children to mourn his de- 
parture. The funeral was held Jan. 2 at the church in 
Lanark. The sermon was delivered by the writer, as- 
sisted by J. S. Shively and Joseph Stitzel, from Matt. 
12:43. The remains were interred in the Lanark ceme- 
tery. I. B. Trout. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 1905. 

TRAMER Bro. J. F., died in Philadelphia. Pa., Nov 
g UM aged 56 years. The deceased eaves a sorrowing 
l£ : ancfthree children. Funeral ta MattJ*. 

rssB<;T Sister Mary, nee Strawsburg, died Nov. 3, 
lonf aged 91 years 10 months and 5 days. Deceased 
" T'/f^th the Brethren church at the age of twenty and 
?"' a faithful member until death. She married the 
lived a tait >™> r L c k cnurch M ,ami coun- 

' a ' e olfo May 8, 1834 He died June 24, 1875. She re- 

SiiSS a widow living alone most of the time, and came 

n»vton in 1892. She was cared for by her grandson, 

to Dayton in io =• . 1904 h( , arose 

^Cidnieh. and began o prepare herself some food. 
f„ " om m eunfccoun?abl« g manner her clothing caught fire 
„ the rear from the base-burner stove and she «™ burned 
Z death Of a family of seven step-children and four 
child"" there remain one daughter and two s.ep-daugh- 
„s Services by Eld. David Filbrun, l™*^**^ 

ECKER, Sister Mary Ada, died Dec. 24 1904, at her 
father's home in the .Coventry congregation, Chester 
county! Pa° of consumplion. aged 29 years, 4 months and 
14 days She gave herself to the Lord and united with 
he church a little more than one year ago. She leaves 
a lather, mother, brother and sister. Services by Bro I. 
C Holsopple and Rev. Miller. Esther a. JMiip. 


Sister Kith^oInTtrcSian'cf ^'1 
ear you h but afterwards joined the Brethren church 
of which she has been a faithful ' member for eighteen 
years Sister Faith during her sickness never uttered a 
complain, but frequently spoke of her he*^ tame. She 
leaves a husband, one son and '»? d^ghter .three 
brothers and one sister. Services by^Wm^Harvey. 

GARLACH,- Bro. Daniel, died Dec. 29, 1904, at his 
home near Masonville; Pa., in the bounds o fhe M ount- 
ville church, aged 71 years. 9 months and 12 days. He 
was twice niarried. His first wife and six children pre- 
ceded him ™o the spirit world. His second wit. , and 
three children of the first union survive urn. He was a 
faithful member of the Brethren church for a number of 
years Services in the Mennonite church in Masonville 
conducted by Eld. H. E. Light and the writer, from 
Rev. 14:13. Interment ,n the cemetery a*°™* ^ 

KEMP Bro. DeWitt Clinton, of Baltimore, Md., died 
Dec 17 1904 of a complication of diseases. He was mar- 
ked to Francis Bruiiner, daughter of Eld. E. A. Brunner, 
of Frederick, Md. His wife and five children survive him. 
Bro Kemp united with the church in 1894 ,ust a few days 
after l.,s wife had been baptized. He was soon a ter- 
wards elected deacon, and faithfully served the church in 
his office till death. In 1896 when the Northwe. tM- 
timoro Mission Sunday school was organized Bro. Kemp 
was elected assistant or ^superintendent with J & Reiser, 
and in this capacity we worked side, by side, til my be- 
Lved coworker was called from .this life having been 
elected successively 'each year, and the Master called him 
while thus engaged in his church He leaves a wife three 
sons, two daughters, three brothers, and one sister. Fu 
neral services by brethren J. A. Bncker and J. A Smith 
assisted by C. W. Stinespnng, his former pastor in the 
United Brethren church. Interment in Mt. Olivet ceme- 
tery of Frederick, Md. J- =• Gelser ; 

LONG, Sister Abbie Ann, died Dec. 30, 1904, ,„ the 
Pine Creek church, Miami county, Ind., aged 6U years, J 
months and 3 days. She was united in marriage to Bro 
Daniel H. Long Sept. 8, 1864, and to this union eight 
children were born, six of whom, with the husband, sur- 
vive She united with the Brethren church thirty-eight 
year's ago and lived strictly to her profession. The fu- 
neral was largely attended and was conducted by Bro. 
Frank Fisher, from Rev. 22: 14. W. B. Dailey. 

QUAKENBUSH, Sister Alice, born in Ogle county, 
Illinois, departed this life at her home near Madison, 
Kans Dec. 29, 1904, aged 49 years, 11 months and 29 days. 
She came to Lyon county, Kansas, with her parents, 
Brother and Sister Jacob Buck, in 1865, in which county 
fhe lived the remainder of her life. In 1875 she was mar- 
ried to John M. Quakenbush. To this union were born 
twelve children. Four sons and five daughters survive 
She also leaves a husband, mother, three brothers and 
two sisters She united with the Brethren church in 1878 
and ha hved a devoted Christian life. Funeral services 
at the home conducted by Bro. S. E. Lantz, from Psa. 
17: 15. Remains interred in the Olpe cemetery^ ^^ 

ROYER, Bro. George R„ died Nov. 24, 1904, at his 
home in the Johnstown. Pa., congregation, of heart dis- 
ease. He is survived by his wife (a sister), five sons and 
daughter. Services by Eld. David Hlldebrand. ^^ 

ROCK, Bro. Henry, of Creston, Ohio born in Franklin 
county, Pennsylvania, departed this life Dec 22 19U4, 
aged 60 year and 5 days. Deceased came to Ohio n 1865 
and was united in marriage to Catharine E. Hoi linger 
Dec 26 1867 To this union were born eleven children, 
all of whom are living except those who died in infancy. 
Funeral services conducted by brethren James Murray and 
Silas Weidman, from Luke 2:29. Interment in the Beech 
Grove cemetery. Florence Ebie. 

SHOEMAKER, Sister Nancy, born in Lancaster coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, died in the bounds of the MissKS.newa 
congregation, Delaware county, Ind., Dec. 30, 1904, aged 
81 years 2 months and 7 days. She was never married 
was a faithful member of the Brethren church for about 
fifty-five years. Her death was caused by accident while 
being alone in the house for a few minutes by her cloth- 
ing igniting in some unknown way from a burning gas 
stove, which burned her body almost to a crisp before the 
fire was discovered by those near by who saw smoke issu- 
ing from the house. She leaves one sister. The funeral 
services were conducted by Eld. Geo. L. Studebaker, as- 
sisted by Bro. John G. Rarick and others. Text, Matt. 24: 
4£_44 John F. Shoemaker. 

STERLING, Sister Mary A., died at the home of her 
son, in Masontown. Pa., Dec. 21, 1904, aged 85 years, 4 
months and 19 days. She had been a member of the 
Georges Creek Brethren church for more than sixty 
years, having been baptized by Eld. James Kelso between 
fhe years 1840 and 1845. In 1840 she was married to 
Johnathan Sterling, who also was at the same time bap- 
tized by Bro. Kelso. Her husband preceded her to the 
.pint land a number of years. Their union was blessed 
with ten children, eight of whom are living. Occasion im- 
oroved by Eld. Jasper Barnthouse, assisted by C. P. Min- 
ister from her own text, Rev. 21:4. Interment was made 
beside her husband in the Fairview cemetery. 

Alpheus DeBolt. 

STUTZMAN Sister Barbara, wife of Bro. S. W. Stutz- 
man died Dec. 18, 1904, near Girard, aged 64 years, 9 
months and 10 days. She leaves husband, six sons and 
two daughters. Services at the Macoupin Creek church 
by the undersigned, from the words: » She hath done 
what she could." Malt. 14:8. M. Flory. 


Just from the Press. 

The Tenth Book of the Bible 
Biography Series. 

THOMAS Sister Delia, only daughter of Brother Wm. 
-md Sister Susan Thomas, died in the Quemahoning 
church Somerset Co., Pa., Dec. 31, 1904. aged 22 years, 
3 months and 16 days. She was baptized at the age of fif- 
teen and remained faithful. Interment in the Maple 
Spring cemetery. Funeral service by the brethren. Text, 
Hosea 13:14. E ' >■ Blough. 

WAREHAM, Miss Sue, daughter of Brother John L. 
and Sister Sadie Warcliam, died at the St. Francis hos- 
pital, Pittsburg, Pa., from an operation performed less 
than a week before, aged 20 years, 6 months and 6 days. 
She was an industrious, loving daughter. Many relatives 
and friends mourn her death. Services by the writer 
at the home, and interment in beautiful Alleghany ceme- 
tery. s - b - Blou S"- 

WELLS, Mrs. Catharine, died at her home in Cerro- 
gordo, 111., Dec. 25, 1904, aged 90 years. 8 months and 24 
days. She was the mother of eleven children, five of 
whom are living. Services by the writer from Psa. 90: 12, 
assisted by Eld Daniel Mohler. A. L. Bingaman. 

WIEAND, Bro. Theodore Calvin born in Wads- 
worth, Medina county. Ohio, departed this life Dec. 40, 
1904. aged 49 years, 1 month and 15 days. He united with 
the German Baptist Brethren church Jan. 1, 1877, was 
elected to the ministry May 13, 1882 advanced (o the sec- 
ond degree Nov. 12, 1S98. Jan. 1. 1885. he was united m 
marriage with Ella Bashore. To this, union were born 
r»n and a daughter, all of whom survive Funeral serv- 
ices by brethren James Murray, Silas Weidman and F. B. 
Weimer, from Philpp. 1:: 21. Interment in the East Chip- 
pewa cemetery. Florence Ebie. 

WILKEY, H. S., died Dec. 2. 1904, at his home in 
Marshall county, State Center Iowa, aged 68 years 11 
months and 15 days. He was born in Germany in 1835. 
In 1867 he was united in marriage to Katharine Fike, 
daughter of A. H. and Elizabeth Fike. To this union were 
bo n six daughters and two sons Three daughters and 
one son survive him. Services at Ins home, conducted by 
Rev W H. Clement, pastor of the M. E. church of that 
place. Interment in the Brethren cemetery^Malta^ 

WINE Eld. Samuel, died Dec. 26, 1904, at his home in 

Jasper Mo., of pneumonia, aged 67 years, 8 months arid 7 
days Bro Wine was born in Augusta Rockingham 
county, Va.. April 19, 1837. He went to Indiana about 
186 1 where he was married to Miss Lucy Richardson 
March 27, 1866. He came to Missouri shortly after the 
war He was a true Christian, a devoted husband and 
father He leaves a wife, three sons and one daughter 
Services by Eld. C. Ho.deman. ^rmen^Dry -Mk 

Following is a list of the books now ready: 

1. Joseph the Ruler. 

2. Samuel the Judge. 

3. David the King. 

4. Daniel the Fearless. 

5. Moses the Leader. 

6. Jesus the Savior. Vol. 1. 

7. Jesus the Savior. Vol. 2. 

8. Ruth the Truehearted. 

9. Esther the Queen. 
10. John the Baptist. 

++++-i"."i , +'H'++ 


The time of year has come to renew your subscription. 
If you have not already done so, renew at your earliest 
convenience. , 

We feel sure our readers appreciate the efforts that 
are being made to keep up the slandard of the Messenger. 
We need your support in order to carry out our plans tor 
the future and your encouragement in order to make 
the paper even better this coming year than it has been 
in the past We trust that there will not be one of our 
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adding hundreds of new names to our list, and 
with all our old subscribers we will have a splendid list 
for 1905 If convenient, hand your subscription to one 
of our authorized agents; if not. send direct to us. 

We Have a Number of 


Eternal Verities" 

in Stock and Have Arranged to Furnish One With 

Each New or Renewed Subscription for 

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cloth, and regularly sells for $1.25. If you do not have 
one, you will do well to take advantage of this offer. 
We await your early renewal. 

Elgin, W- 


These books contain beautiful stories of the Bible char- 
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language, that all become intensely interested in them 

Note what a number of (he children think of them after 
a careful reading: 

"I have read Joseph the Ruler and think it is a beau- 
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-Jennie W. Graves. Pennsylvania. 

' Dear Mr Royer:-I read your book of John the Bap- 
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I do"— Walter Mahan, Elgin, 111. 

'• I wish to add my testimonial of praise for the many 

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"I have read one or two other stories of ' Queen Esther 
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u\nguage"-liuan Falkens.ein, Elizabe.htown, Pa 

I have read the story of Joseph the Ruler, which was 

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Elgin, Illinois. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 14, 1905. 



Georges Creek. — Our Sunday school organized anew 
on New ¥ear's day at Fair View. The school has pros- 
pered the past year under the efficient care of brethren 
F. F. Durr and J. G. Cover, the average being greater 
than it lias been heretofore. The school raised about fifty 
dollars the past year. Superintendents both attended 
fifty-one Sundays. Brethren James P. Merrymen and F. 
F. Durr are superintendents for the coming year. Our 
school is evergreen. We used to think it impossible for 
our school to continue during the winter, but we find it 
a mistake. Our Christian Workers' meeting is quite an 
auxiliary in our meeting. We were all made sad to hear 
some time ago of the death of Bro. J. W. Swtgart. Our 
dear brother was with us in the Sunday school during 
the summer and rendered good work. He also preached 
three good sermons. — A. DeBolt, Masontown, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Springville.— Since our last report two were baptized and 
a series of meetings held at Springville by N. B. Fa line- 
stock, of Manheim, Pa. Jan. 2 our church met in council. 
A few collections were taken for different church work. 
Sunday-school officers: superintendent, Jno. W. Schlasser; 
assistants, Aaron R. Gibbel, Bitzer Johns. — Aaron R. 
Gibbel, R. F. D. No. 1, Ephrata, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Rockton congregation met Jan. 1 and organized our 
Christian Workers' meeting, with Bro. Glenn HoIIopeter 
president and Bro. Dallas Kirk secretary." All present, 
both old and young, showed a willingness to help in the 
work. Our church here was presented a number of hym- 
nals on Christmas day. The Messenger, Inglenook and 
Visitor are, all read by our membership here. — Libbie HoI- 
Iopeter, Pentz, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Georges Creek.— The work at this place starts in the new 
year with bright prospects. Our Sunday school was re- 
organized with brethren S. C. Johnson and B. B. Ludwick 
superintendents. Our services are all well attended. The 
writer was appointed correspondent for this part of the 
congregation for the ensuing year.— Jasper Barnthouse, 
8 W. Craig St., Uniontown, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Sugar Creek (near Lima) — Eld. I. J. Rosenberger came 
to the Sugar Creek congregation and began a series of 
meetings at the Pleasant View house Dec. 10 and closed 
Jan. 4, preaching forty-one interesting and instructive ser- 
mons. The interest was very good from the start. Be- 
lievers were encouraged. Twenty-three precious souls 
were made willing to forsake sin and put on Christ in 
baptism. Bro. Rosenberger was called home on account 
of sickness and the meeting was closed before he in- 
tended. This is the fifth meeting that Eld. Rosenberger 
has held in this congregation. The first was held twenty- 
five years ago. being the' first protracted meeting ever held 
in the old Sugar Creek church. During that meeting 
twenty-two united with the church. He held his second 
meeting at the same place twenty-one years ago, with 
thirteen accessions. Seventeen years ago he held his third 
meeting at the same place and received twenty-eight in 
membership. His fourth meeting was held in the Pleasant 
—"-icw hot^e. eleven years ago with sixteen converts, mak- 
ing a total of 102 members that be has received into the 
church in this congregation. Some of these have finished 
their labors on earth, a very few have turned back, but 
most of them are still valiant soldiers for Christ.— I. W. 
Byerly, R. R. No. S, Lima, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Mineral Creek church met in monthly council Dec. 24. 
Elders David Bowman and Amos Wampler were visiting 
elders present. Bro. C. A. Lentz was ordained to the 
eldership; Bro. James M. Mohler was elected to the min- 
istry; and Brethren Charles L. Mohler and John Wyatt 
were chosen deacons. The Mineral Creek church now has 
a membership of nearly two hundred members with an of- 
ficial body of five elders, one minister just elected, and 
nine deacons. We have twelve preaching services a month 
within the bounds of the congregation, besides Sunday 
school every Sunday and young people's meeting A 
series of meetings closed at one of our mission 
points Dec. 23; another series of meetings will begin at 
another mission point Jan. 7. These meetings were held 
by Eld. Moses Cruea. Bro. J. W. Lovegrove also held an- 
other series of meetings at still another mission point in 
November. The membership i s - much encouraged and 
strengthened.— D. L. Mohler, Leeton, Mo., Jan. 2. 

Washington.— Two letters were granted since our last 
report. Dec. 28 Eld. R. A. Yoder, of Sabetha, Kans.. came 
in our midst and held forth the Word of God. Three dear 
souls came out and were baptized. He preached nine ser- 
mons closed Jan. 4.— John M. Gauby, R. R, 1, Washing- 
ton, Kans., Jan. 5. 

Tulpehocken.— Since my last report two series of meet- 
ings were held within the borders of this church. The 
first one was conducted by Bro. Reuben Graybill, of 
Lancaster county, at the Millbach house, commencing 
Nov. 12 and closing on Thanksgiving evening. One made 
the good confession. The second series opened at Ricti- 
land, Dec. 3, and continued for three weeks. Bro. Spencer 
b. Beaver, of Juniata county, did the preaching. Fifteen 
came out on the Lord's side. Jan. 1 thirteen of the ap- 
plicants were baptized, thus leaving three to await the 
sacred rite. At our council. Dec. 19, two were reclaimed 
yj ^ s meetings at Tulpehocken Dec. 4 and at 

Heidelberg Dec. IS were addressed respectively by Eld 
S. H. Hertzler and Eld. I. N. H. Beahm, both of Eliza- 
bethtown, Pa.— F. L. Reber, Myerstown, Pa., Jan. 4. 

Pleasant Hill.-To-day Bro. J. Y. King reft for Hanover, 
\r u% P reached one week at this place, then went to 
i\ortn Codorus and remained there one week, after which 
he came again to our place and stayed several days 
One was received into the fold,— Amanda K. Miller, R. R 
No. 2, Spring Forge, Pa., Jan. 7. 

Shade Creek.-Our council was held Jan. 3. It was de- 
cided to build a new churchhouse at Windber as soon as 
arrangements can be made. A very much appreciated let- 
ter was read from our missionary. Annie 2. Blough. Dec 
27 an interesting Bible term began at the Scalp Level 

fc C ' w T h , lch la / ted one week " II was held by Bro. 
William Howe from Tyrone, and Bro. J. B. Brumbaugh, 
from Huntingdon, Pa. Joe Yoder, from Mifflin county 
is here holding a singing. He has two classes. Dec 4 
tiro. J, L. Weaver was advanced to the second degree of 
the ministry. Our Thanksgiving service was held and in 

connection a choice made for two ministers. The lot fell 
on Bro. R. D. Murphy and Bro. Alvin G. Foust. During 
the year 1904 sixteen of our members were called away by 
death and fifty added by baptism. — Amanda Weaver, 
Scalp Level, Pa. ( Jan. 4. 

Osage. — On New Year's day we worshiped with the 
brethren and sisters at this place. The Sunday school 
here is one of the best in the State, although it is in the 
country. Bro. D. P. Neher, the enterprising superintend- 
ent, has acted faithfully in that capacity for the past six 
years. It required a great struggling at times, but by his 
persistent effort, along with the assistance of the residing 
elder, Bro. E. M, Wolfe, they have accomplished a great 
work. Following the Sunday-school service, a beautiful 
rocking chair was presented to Bro. Neher as a tribute 
of appreciation by the school. Eld. E. M. Wolfe did the 
preaching during the morning service, while Eld. Salem 
Beery addressed the congregation in the evening. — Ma 
Belle Murray, Parsons, Kans., Jan. 3. 

North Yakima church met in council Dec. 31, Bro. 
George Wise presiding. Four letters were read, one of 
which was of Bro. P. H. Hertzog, a minister in the second 
degree. Two letters were granted. Bro. J. M. Plank was 
advanced to the second degree of the ministry. Bro. Hu- 
bert C. Nead was installed into the deacon's office. Church 
and Sunday-school officers were elected for the new year. 
Bro. P. H. Hertzog was chosen for Sunday-school super- 
intendent, Bro. Hubert C. Nead assistant and Bro. Robert 
Wise was elected president of the Christian Workers' 
meeting. — Sarena A. Fait, R. R. No. 2, North Yakima, 
Wash., Jan. 3. 

Alleghany. — We met in church council Dec. 24. All 
was diipOied of pleasantly. We are contemplating moving 
our churchhouse to a more convenient place. — Lillie C. 
Moore, Bismark, W. Va., Jan, 3. 

Mt. Morris.— On the Sunday that the lesson was about 
Joash repairing the temple, our primary Sunday school 
decided to follow the example given in raising money. 
Accordingly for three Sundays following a collection box 
was used in which members of the school dropped money 
for the Rockford (111.) meetinghouse fund. After the 
third Sunday a little over three dollars was collected. Al- 
though the box was not to be used longer the money did 
not stop coming in. Then on Christmas day at our ex- 
ercises we used it again for the same purpose, and in- 
vited all who wished, grown people included, to make an 
offering in this way. The collection then increased to a 
total of seven dollars and ten cents. As has been custom- 
ary here, at this time of the year, the children brought 
together clothing, presents, etc., to be sent to the Chi- 
cago mission. This was done on Saturday, before Christ- 
"mas. Two good-sized boxes were filled, making a total 
weight of one hundred and eighty-three pounds. One 
box was sent to the mission at 660 S. Ashland Ave., and 
the other to the one at the South Side. Some money was 
also sent. — Nelson Shirk, Sup't. Primary Dep't., Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111., Jan. 2. 

Huntington.— Dec. 31 we met in our city church in 
quarterly council. Our elder, Bro. Gorman Heeter, and 
Bro. A. Barnhart were present. Three letters of mem- 
bership were read which were of Bro. W. J. Barnhart and 
family of Shelby, Mich., who just took charge of the 
work here. The council was a very pleasant one. On 
Sunday morning Bro. Heeter preached for us, and in the 
evening at 6:30 we met and organized a Christian Work- 
ers' meeting. Bro. Barnhart filled the appointment at 
7:30 to an interesting congregation. Prior to the serv- 
ices two letters of membership were read. — Cora L. Leicht, 
110 E. State St., Huntington, Ind. f Jan. 6. 

Oak Grove church met in council Dec. 24, our elder, G. 
W. Landis, presiding. We had one week's meeting by 
our home minister.— Edith Landis, Box 1, Chuckabo, 
Okla., Dec. 24. 

Pleasant Valley.— Bro. Wm. A. Reed, of Vox, N. C, 
came to this place and began a series of meetings Dec. 
21, and continued until Dec. 28, preaching twelve ser- 
mons. Two dear souls came out on the Lord's side and 
were baptized. He then went to Reedville, a preaching 
point in this congregation, and began a meeting the even- 
ing of Dec. 29, closing Jan. 1, having preached six ser- 
mons. One was baptized and one reclaimed. — Michael 
Reed, R. F. D. No. 3, Floyd, Va„ Jan. 4. 

Sappy Creek.— We had our council Dec. 31. Our elder, 
J. J. Kindig, was with us. We reelected our church of- 
ficers for another term. All business was disposed of in 
a good spirit.— John Fetters, Beaver City, Nebr., Jan. 4. 

Manassas.— We held our council Dec. 31. Two were 
received by letter. Brethren Jacob Holsinger and E. E. 
Blough were elected superintendents of our Sunday school 
for the year. Our Sunday school continues throughout 
the winter.— E. E. Blough, Manassas, Va., Jan. 3. 

Lordsburg church met in council Jan. 2, Eld. S. E. 
Yundt presiding. Decided to purchase a churchhouse in 
Pomona which another denomination is willing to dis- 
pose of reasonably. We have about a dozen members 
living there. Eld. Simon E. Yundt was reelected presid- 
ing elder over our congregation, and H. R. Taylor was 
elected assistant. Bro. J. M. Cox was reelected Sunday- 
school superintendent, and Bro. J. M, Miller was elected 
church trustee to take the place of Stephen Johnson who 
has gone back to Idaho During the "fall" term the 
college members effected a "Christian Band" organiza- 
tion on both sides of the house. They hold joint meet- 
ings in the college chapel the second Sunday of each 
month.— Grace Hileman Miller, Lordsburg, Cal., Jan. 5. 

Vernon miss'ion of the Brethren church, Cor. 50th St. 
and Hooper Ave., was dedicated Jan. 1 at 11 A. M. by 
Eld. P. S. Myers. Our little church was well filled, there 
being 111 present. A collection was taken which amount- 
ed to about twenty dollars. We began a series of meet- 
ings the same evening. The interest and attendance so 
far have been goon.— W. H. Wertenbaker, 12S7 E 51st 
St., Los Angeles, Cal., Jan. 6. 

Lick Creek church met in council Jan. 7. Bro. George 
W. Sellers presided. The meeting passed off pleasantly. 
One letter was granted. We reelected our church officers 
for the year. The writer was elected Messenger corre- 
spondent. Bro. John Killian^of Hicksville, Ohio, is hold- 
ing a series of meetings for us at the Hard Corner 
church. It began New Year's evening. — Ida E. Kintner, 
Bryan, Ohio, Jan. 9. 


The Messenger May be Bad, for those oot Members of 

tbe Brdhreo Cbnrch, from now to the End 

of 1905, for the Small 


Here is the Plan that the General Missionary 
Committee has Decided On: 

For missionary purposes alone, (i. e., to try to lead the 
party receiving the " Messenger " to accept the faith 
of Jesus Christ as believed by the Brethren, and in no 
way to aid one now a member to have access to it) the 
" Gospel Messenger " may hereafter be furnished through 
District Boards, through all the missionaries of the Breth- 
ren church under appointment of any board, through 
agents of the Brethren Publishing House, and through 
individuals who wish to do missionary work in this man- 
ner, to any and all persons except the following: 

1. Ail those who are members of the Brethren church. 

2. All those in a family, any member of which is a 
member of the Brethren church. (By member is meant 
to include anyone who abides in the house, though he or 
she be no relative of the family.) 

3. The sender must make a definite statement each time . 
that he knows the names sent in comply fully with rules 1 
and 2 and are in full accord with the purposes set forth 
in the beginning. 

4. Save in cases of regularly appointed agents of/ the 
Brethren Publishing House whose accounts are proper- 
ly paid up, the fifty cents, must accompany each sub- 
scription when sent in. 

5. The lists shall be sent direct to the Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, Illinois. 

This new plan goes into effect at once. 

The plan simply means that any person, not a member, 
or any family where there are no members, can have the 
paper one year for fifty cents. 

You can call on all your neighbors, and offer them 
the paper at this price, or you can donate it to them 
on the same terms. 

Let agents, preachers and everybody else take hold of 
this proposition at once and push it. 

The fifty cents will not pay cost of printing the pa- 
per, but the General Mission Board agrees to make up 
the deficiency. 

See our editorial in this issue. Address, 

Elgin, Illinois. 

M j«^*«*„^*„j^„j„j H {^,^.j,.*„*„.„j^„. w .t < . 


500 Agents Wanted 


Good Books ^ 

Good Commissions 

Write at 0n:e for Particulars 

Elgin, Illinois. 

i ,, i„i„i„ 1 ,. i„iMi ., i„ ;,.i„ i ,. t .i „ i.,i„i „ K ":" i ":" i ":"i"i"i"i" M"i " i " i " i"i ' »»H' 

The GosfliL Messenger 


Vol. 44. 

Elgin, III., January 21, 1905. 

No. 3. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. panic was started and several persons were injured. 

The bank paid off in two-thirds specie and one-third 

A False Report, 40 bills. Many of the depositors, when they had their 

, The Number of Accessions 40 monev j„ their hands, were convinced that the bank 

The Isolated 40 - . 

A Lord's Day at Buls'ar, India ,41 was all right and tried to redeposit their money; but 

The Future of the Brethren Church 41 the ffi cers f t he l^k refused to take it. This was 

w ' "' the sixth run on the bank for causes just as trivial. 

Reminiscent. By D. E. Brubaker 34 Many of the depositors were Jews who became frantic 

The Primary Teacher and Her Class. By Laura wn£n [^ thought their money was in danger. 

Murphy ->* " ' 

Success. By John W. Wayland 35 _ 

My First Annual Meeting. By S. F. Sanger 35 At a banquet of Russian Liberals, held in bt. Feters- 

Twenty-two Reasons for Washing the Saints' Feet, 35 b D . , { qq t the f i low i ns , res . 

New Testament-Ordinances. By A. G. Crosswhite, 36 & '■ - f , , ? 

First Brethren Church, Philadelphia, Pa. By Mary olution was adopted: ' In view of the horrors of war, 

E. Martin, — ........................ ...36 w h; cri ; s devoid of sense, and in view of the enor- 

California Sunday School Meeting. By W. M. - ,..,.,., • u- 

Piatt, 37 mous sacrifices and ruin in which the country is being 

Home for the Homeless of Eastern Pennsylvania involved, we, representing both the liberal professions 

By I W Taylor 37 ' & 

My Visit to Mt. Morris and Elgin. By John Zuck. 37 and the working classes, protest against the war into 

The Sunday School Teachers' Institute of South- w hich the government has dragged the nation without 

ern Ohio. By Levi Minmch 37 . . , . -. , . . , t1 n 

Five Minute Sermons. By Howard Miller, 38 consideration tor the opinions and interests of the Kus- 

A Pity. By T. A. Eisenbisc, 38 ; people, and we express our profound belief that 

Overdone. By D. D. Culler 38 ,,..,.,.. t> • c i n 

. _ ., only the nation itself can save Russia from her dif- 

Home and Family, — J . . , 

Our Feeding 39 Acuities through the free representation of the people 

The Power of Love. By Chas. A. Miller 39 elected bv secret ballot on the principle of equal rights. 

Aid Society of Woodland, Mich 39 ' , ' ' , „ ' ". 

MePhersor, Church Aid Society 39 Our mottoes are Peace and Freedom. The time 

General Missionary and Tract Department, — is coming when Russia will be a constitutional mon- 

A Missionary to America 43 ar chy, and some of us will live to see the day. That 

M?ss" n r 7o,es hiC B g y° C B H.Hawb C e"K'r; ! ! ! i ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !« will be the beginning of true progress for the czar's 

That Brooklyn Meetinghouse 43 empire. 

AROUND THE WORLD. Count Tolstoi has not been able to convert his 

_ ymmm „^„„ family to his views. His brother, who died a short 

The year ! 9 oi was a record breaker for donations >™<= ago, liked to live as the Russian noble lives and 
to' religious, educational, charitable and other good "»' '»? simple "* °* '"<= Count One o Tolstois 
works, the total being $123,888,732. In 1902 there sons is an enthusiastic soldier, and received the cross 
was a total of $77,397.^7- In 1903 the amount was of St. George for bravery before Mukden. And il is 
slightly less, being $76,934,978. The total for 1904 said the £ather ,s P r0ud °\ the ^ ^ «™>W hard- 
is much less than for the years immediately preced- '>' be ta ™ n if honor conferred upon his son did not 
ing, being but $46,296,980. ' Of this amount Mr. Car- g™ him some pleasure. Another son urges that the 
negie gave almost one-fourth. His two large dona- »ar be carried on until the Japanese are subdued. He 
tions were five million dollars each to the Pittsburg believes that in the end the war will add glory and 
Carnegie Institute and a hero fund. Though there P°wer to Russia. What Count Tolstoi has said in 
i.j 1 , »;_„ ,„„, fh. ,,-,,„,, „t favor of peace has done and will continue to do good, 
has been a decrease each vear since 1901, the amount ia * , , 

■ , , , , , ., ,. .!,„,.„ even if his own fami v do not believe as be does, 

given in 1904 was considerable and shows that those "- ,l -" ""■ "" ' 

who have wealth are willing to use it for the benefit 

of others. This does not apply to all wealthy per- The " taxometer is a machine placed on public 
sons.-perhaps not to half of them.-but we believe it vehicles in Pans to te 1 passengers how far they have 
, L , ■ 1 f + i traveled and how much they must pay. it is a clock- 
does apply to a constantly increasing number of them, "dvcicu *" u / i J 

, . , ■ ,, - .. r„ + „„ work mechanism, surmounted bv a small metallic Hag, 

which promises well for the future. ' „ r „ ___; , 

bearing the word free. When one enters a cab 

In spite of the strictness of the Chinese exclusion the driver lowers the flag from its normal vertical 

law, Chinamen do get into the United States. The position to a horizontal one, and the taxometer begins 

number has become so great in the northern Ohio dis- to work. At the beginning it is set at seventy-five 

trict that the United States marshal has issued orders centimes, or about fifteen cents, which remains for 

to arrest, with a view of deporting, all Chinamen un- thirteen hundred yards, after which two cents, is 

lawfully living in the district. Along the border is added for every four hundred and thirty yards. 

where there is most trouble. And the people north Should the passengers desire to stop-several times, 

of us are having their trials with the Chinamen. At the charge is made by time and distance— two cents 

Victoria, B. C, a scheme has been dicovered by which for three minutes. After the passenger pays his fare 

many Chinese of that place have been evading the the driver raises the flag, effacing the figures. This 

head' tax placed on incoming Chinese. Formerly it machine does away with disputes with cabmen, and 

was one hundred dollars, but now it is five hundred, each one who rides knows he is paying just what 

The act states that a Chinese student shall be admitted he ought to. 

free. Manv young Chinese have attended the city . , . p Ar 
, , - - . b , , .. , . When the Japanese army marched into Port Ar- 
schoos after arrival, and when they have spent a ¥VJ1IU J l 11v u ~ ~f -,.;~ = u„t th P 
. . . .-c . «T a * thur they found the old town a heap of rums, but the 
year at the schools are given a certificate to that LliC -> it, c„ mn „«. 
~ ^, , . , , . r 1 new town had not been injured so much. Some per- 
fect. Thev have been enabled to secure a refund " cw 7""*" ' J ■ ,, r , 
„t .. , , • «. *:<;„*.„ sons th nk the Russians could have held out for 
of the head tax on presenting these certificates. , A 
K b months. But they knew their condition best. — A 

It is unusual for a rush of people to deposit their . large body of Russian cavalry swung around the Jap- 
money to start a rush of other people to withdraw theirs, anesc left wing last week and went as far south as 
But that really happened at a bank in New York City' Xewchwang, and made their escape. They tore up 
last week. So many persons went at one time that someoUhe railroad, blew up a bridge, and destroyed 
others, seeing them, jumped to the conclusion that whatever supplies they could. It was a daring and 
there must be something wrong, and in this way a successful raid, and shows that winter campaigning 

in Manchuria is not impossible. The indications are 
that there wilt be some fighting soon along the Shakhe 
river. The Russians have been reinforced, and the 
Japanese soon will be by the soldiers released by the 
capture of Port Arthur. — The movements of the two 
hostile fleets are not known. 

Between Dover and St. Margaret's hay, on the 
southeast coast of England, large masses fell from 
the cliffs into the sea last week. There has not been 
so large a landslide there for half a century. The 
usual cracks in the surface did not appear, and some 
who had gone to see the result of a slight fall had a 
narrow escape. Every day last week there were falls 
of several thousands of tons at a time, and later nu- 
merous cracks, constantly widening, appeared on the 
cliffs. The south Forehead lighthouse stands just 
eight yards from the edge of the cliff where one fall 
took place, and there is great anxiety for its safety. 
The constant hammering of the sea against the cliffs 
gradually undermines them, and a part falls into the 
sea. Then the process is repeated, the chalk cliffs 
gradually falling into the sea. 

The Russian government sent out notes to the va? 
rious powers stating that she did not propose to re- 
spect Chinese neutrality, as it had been repeatedly 
violated since the beginning of the war. But before 
that note, Secretary Hay had instructed American 
ambassadors and ministers to learn whether the pow- 
ers still favored Chinese territorial integrity and the 
open door. Some of them have already responded 
that they do, and others likely will express themselves 
as they did before. It is hardly likely that either 
of the warring nations will violate the neutrality of 
China to any great extent if the other powers unite 
in saying China's rights and their trade rights must 
be respected. The war will end sooner if the scene 
of it is limited and China is kept from taking part. 

The miners' committee in Germany ordered a strike 
by three hundred thousand coal miners last Monday 
night. Unless a way of settling the strike is soon 
found, Germany will experience a great industrial 
disaster, for it is thought that more than a million 
men in works dependent upon coal will be thrown out 
of employment. The government is planning to pre- 
vent rioting. Soldiers have been ordered to the min- 
ing district. The trouble is as it was here a few years 
ago, between the miners and the operators. The lead- 
ers of the miners want to keep the men from violating 
law. A strike at this time of the year will be hard 
on the families of many of the workingmen. It is 
unfortunate that a peaceable agreement could not 
be reached. Arbitration is better than a strike; and 
some day men will adopt it, for in the strike both 
sides are injured. 

Santo Domingo's affairs are in a demoralized con- 
dition, and some European governments are losing 
patience because her obligations to them are not met. 
To avoid any action on their part, President Roose- 
velt has sent Commander Dillingham, of the navy 
department, to try to restore peace between those in 
power and those who would like to be in. He is well , 
acquainted on the island and has friends on both sides. 
He is to make a complete investigation and submit 
a report with recommendations. If no other solution 
can be found the American government may feel 
called upon to intervene with force in order to avoid 
the embarrassment which would follow intervention 
by the European powers. The people of the island 
have failed to show themselves capable of self-gov- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 


■ * 

Stofe to <h:>w tbyseli approved unto God. a workman that n-^deth no* W 
ashamed rightly dividing the Word ol Truth." 



Sometime when all life's lessons have been learned, 

And sun and stars forevermore have set, 
The things which our weak judgments here have spurned. 

The things o'er which we grieved with lashes wet. 
Will flash before us, out of life's dark night, 

As stars shine most in deeper tints of blue; 
And we shall see how all God's plans are right, 

And how what seemed reproof was love most true. 
And we shall see, while we frown and sigh, 

God's plans go on as best for you and mc; 
How when we called he heeded not our cry— 

Because his wisdom to the end could see, 
And e'en as prudent parents disallow 

Too much of sweet to craving babyhood, 
So God perhaps is keeping from us now 

Life's sweetest things because it seemeth good. 
And if sometimes* commingled with life's wine, 

We find the wormwood and rebel and shrink, 
Be sure a wiser hand than yours or mine 

Pours out this portion for our lips to drink; 
And if some friend we love is lying low. 

Where human kisses cannot reach his face, 
O, do not blame the loving Father so, 

But wear your sor-row with obedient grace! 
And you shall shortly know that lengthened breath 

Is not the sweetest gift God sends his friend, 
And that sometime the sable pall of death 

Conceals the fairest boon his love can send. 
If we could push ajar the gates of life, 

And stand within and all God's workings see, 
We could interpret all this doubt and strife, 

And for each mystery could find a key. 
But not to-day. Then be content, poor heart; 

God's plans like lilies pure and white unfold; 
We must not tear the close-shut leaves apart; 

Time will reveal the calyxes of gold. 
And if through patient toil we reach the land 

Where tired feet, with sandals loosed, may rest, 
When we shall clearly know and understand, 

I think that we will say, " God knew the best." 

Midland, Va. 

■ » ■ 



Recently in rummaging through a drawer, I 
chanced to find a large bunch of records of old mar- 
riage licenses, which had accumulated for a number of 
years. As I looked them over and read off the names 
of each, I recalled the many and varied circumstances 
attending each occasion when these young people stood 
at the marriage altar and each pledged the other love 
and constancy "until death do us part." 

Some of those names at present represent grand- 
parents, others who have passed over the silent river. 
Among others I ran across the record of the first 
license which came into my hands; around which 
hangs a story, and it occurred in the early seventies, 
in my early experience in the ministry. I was filling 
a monthly appointment at a point some fifteen miles 
from my home, which at that time was in Iowa. On 
this Sunday morning I started very early, as usual, 
and on horseback across the prairies.' 

We had quite a heavy rain the night previous, which 
had much swollen the streams. On reaching a creek 
within three miles of the meeting point, I found that 
the heavy downpour had turned it into a muddy, 
raging torrent, overflowing its banks. There was no 
bridge, and barely time left to reach the meeting place 
at 10:30 A. M. Two things could be done, I could re- 
turn home and disappoint a congregation, or I could 
attempt to swim the stream. As I had made it a rule 
not to disappoint a congregation without good and 
sufficient reasons, I resolved to swim the stream. I 
thought hastily of a possible drowning — and leaving 
a dear wife and the children. But something within 
seemed to say, " All will be well." I hastened to make 
up my toilet in a very primitive fashion, and mounted 
my noble and faithful horse, which I had learned to 
trust, and which had carried me hundreds of miles, 
and often at night over dangerous places. With his 

old true courage, and with very little urging he en- 
tered the raging current and was soon smoothly swim- 
ing for the other shore, his rider holding aloft in his 
left hand certain garments, a Bible and Hymn Book 
securely bound in a bundle. It took but a few mo- 
ments to reach ^the landing, all in safety, after which a 
hasty but proper toilet was made, while the horse made 
a hasty lunch off some tender twigs and herbage nearby. 

Arriving at the meeting in due time,- and on viewing 
the large number of vehicles and people assembled 
about the place, I felt much satisfaction at the effort 
to meet them. But while tying my horse to the post 
a .shy, timid young man approached me and in a 
hesitating way asked, " Can you do a wedding cere- 
mony for me?" "O my, no!" said I, "not unless it 
is a long way in the future." " It is to be over at Mr. 
Smith's, one mile from here, at twelve o'clock. The 
guests are all invited and the dinner is prepared, and 
you are our choice. We do not want any disappoint- 
ment," was his reply. 

This was to me a tremendous dilemma. I had never 
done, the like; had not even mapped out a rough 
formula, as I had little thought that such a case could 
come so soon after ordination. It took much more 
courage to accept this duty than it had taken to stem 
the stream an hour before. But I said yes, with many 
misgivings; and was soon in the sanctuary engaged 
in the opening exercises. 

One of the strange things, or a coincidence, was 
that the preparation for my sermon was on the theme 
" The great Marriage Feast." I fancied I saw some 
suspicious glances from certain parties, at other parties 
in the audience, as I announced my subject and entered 
into its treatment; however, this may have been im- 
aginary on my part._ It required a strong mental 
effort to keep a wedding feast and a wedding ceremony 
separate and apart on this particular occasion. 

The meeting dismissed, in these good old days of 
frontier life we did much visiting and warm hand- 
shaking, but on this special occasion the tremendous 
burden on my heart bade me hastily withdraw, when 
a suitable opportunity afforded, and while all alone 
slowly making my way to the wedding I evolved and 
committed to memory my formula for my first effort 
at that serious line of work. Needless to add, there 
were more than two at this wedding who had " pal- 
pitation of heart." 

On arriving home late at night I had quite an interest- 
ing experience to relate to the dear wife and little ones. 

Mt. Morris, 111. 



No work is more beautiful or wonderful than that 
to which the primary Sunday-school teacher is called ; 
for nothing is so tender as the soul of a little child. 

The primary teacher is placed there to bring God 
and the children together. To this end they should be 
diligently taught to put their thought of God in action 
and show how the truths may be made alive in every- 
day life. 

The Sunday-school teacher stands before her class 
in Christ's stead, and the true teacher will have much 
to say of our Lord ; but Christ must live in the 
teacher's heart if he is to be represented to the children. 
At one time a little girl three years of age went to 
Sunday school for the first time. At home she had 
been taught to pray to Jesus, and in her thought he 
stood as the dearest and best friend of little children. 
When the child returned home she eagerly told of 
her visit to the school. Suddenly she paused and 
after a moment's silence, said, "And oh! mamma, I 
saw Jesus and he smiled at me." The dear child saw 
kindness, gentleness and love and said, " It is Jesus." 
Had she seen coldness, impatience, lack of sympathy, 
could she have associated them with our blessed 
Savior? To be successful we must be able to hide 
self entirely in Christ, so that the children will see him. 
There must be an utter renunciation of self. Do we 
realize what this means? We must present ourselves 
" a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable unto the Lord." 

The power of our influence for good is greater 
than the strength of our motives. We do well to 
search our hearts, remembering that we cannot de- 
ceive God. Neither can we deceive our little watchers 
half so easily as we do ourselves ; for the dear, truth- 
loving little souls are not yet far enough away from 
paradise to realize the falseness of the world. 

The successful primary teacher must become as a 
little child, dwell in the child-world and be able to 
think and speak as a child, and must have a pure and 
loving heart. Did not Jesus teach his disciples to 
become as little children? They are true, humble, 
loving and obedient, and belong to the heavenly king- 
dom, and when placed in our care it is our blessed duty 
to keep them near and in the kingdom. 

If only we could put ourselves in God's hands and 
let him train us, what teachers he would make of usl 
How gently and tenderly then would we feed his 
lambs! How watchfully we would guard them and 
keep them near and in the fold ! How we would try 
to copy after the Great Teacher, who gladly became 
a servant that he might save and serve. 

The primary class should be given a bright, pleasant 
room. Still, while it is necessary to have pleasant 
surroundings, the chief requisite is a bright, happy- 
voiced, pleasant-mannered teacher, who can carry 
brightness and cheer in face and voice to the little 
people who are waiting for it and whose hearts are 
chilled if it be denied them. 

A good motto for the Sunday-school teacher is, 
" Without haste, without rest." The hour is short, 
and there is much to be done. She must always know 
what is coming next and pass to it so quickly that 
there will be no chance for any disorder to creep in. 
She must cultivate that calm faith in God that gives 
the cheerful manner so necessary to secure the best re- 
sults in dealing with children. 

The successful primary teacher must be full of 
devices. This is a necessity because of the dif- 
ficulty of securing and holding the attention, which 
cannot be had by asking for or demanding it. 
Many times it is hard to gain for the moment, 
and the teacher must be quick to see and call 
back on the instant the attention of the little one. 
The earnest teacher who longs to give food to the 
flock which may become part of God's kingdom will 
study all possible ways of holding the interest. 

She who will have a box of colored crayons at hand 
and use them freely, even if she cannot draw a picture, 
need not be troubled about attention. Get into 
the habit of talking with crayon in hand for it has a 
wonderful power. Aim as high as you please, but do 
not feel discouraged if you, at first, make a failure- 
Successful blackboard work in the primary class need 
not be elaborate. In fact, the idea is better conveyed 
by a simple design. 

Do not frown on a little fellow who does something 
wrong. Still do not pass it lightly by ; but teach that 
even little wrongs displease God; that they please 
Jesus by being orderly. 

Cultivate the gift of story-telling in the child-lan- 
guage and make it as real and vivid as study and prayer 
can make it. After telling the lesson-story the chil- 
dren should then be asked for it. But question skill- 
fully and study your questions, which should be such 
as awaken, direct, call out and test the thoughts of 
the class. 

Then teach them how they too can help in the work. 
Arouse their love for doing and show them how they 
can help in sending the Gospel to those who never 
heard of Jesus. Show them how they can make self- 
denials and earn money to give, — given because they 
love to give to the Lord. Also they must not be made 
to think that it is only money they are to give; but 
kind words, loving service and ready obedience are 
gifts of great value to the Lord. 

Dear teachers, let us work and pray more earnestly 
that Christ may shine through us into the hearts of 
the little ones intrusted to our care. Let us teach so 
they will see the truth in the heart-life, " for 'tis worth 
uncounted gold." Let us ever press onward and up- 
ward and strive to have that cheerful spirit, that our 
children may see that it is pleasant service to work for 
Jesus. Let us pray that we may sow seed in their 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 



little hearts and that its blossoming may praise him 
wherever they go; that we may ever keep Christ in 
view and that his light may shine before us and may 

ide us on toward those " mansions " which are being 
prepared for his own. 

" Only be thou strong and very courageous," dear 
teacher, so honored of God as to be called to a work 
like this. Pray that we may be 

" Draw hand in hand to Jesus, 
For his words' sake, unforgot." 

And say as did the Savior of old, — 

" Let the little ones come to me, 
And forbid them not." 
Elgin, III. . 



At the beginning of every new year men — very 
wisely, too, it seems to me — form new resolutions, or 
renew old ones, take their bearings and aim anew at 
success. And while the essential elements of the no- 
ition of success are very similar in all minds, yet every 
■man fits his notion more or less closely to his own de- 
:sires or to his own business. One man tries to teach 
:a dog to play soldier, and succeeds; another tries to 
ibreak into a bank and make off with the money ; he 
succeeds ; a third establishes a saloon and tries to get 
fich by selling intoxicants to his neighbors, and this 
man,, too, meets with success — he accomplishes his 
aim. And yet, judged by higher standards— by the 
standard of the Bible and the standard of the better 
sense of mankind — none of these men have achieved 
success. A man may, therefore, fail most wretchedly 
by doing a bad or useless thing well. 

What is true success? What must a man or wom- 
an do in order to be successful in the better sense? 
If he be a man of intelligence and physical strength— 
that is, if he be not imbecile — he is bound to do two 
things: first, he must make some adequate return to 
the world for his living; and, in the second place, 
v\hiie doing this he must fear God and keep his com- 

May we not study this subject best by example ? 
One of the best examples I know is that of Joseph. 
He was a young man — only thirty years old — when 
he was made premier of Egypt. Success came to 
him early in life. Most of us may have to wait much 
longer for great honor or great achievement, yet all 
of us must begin the upward struggle as young as 
he. For Joseph at thirty was as old as some men at 
fifty. He had run a full gamut of experiences. He 
had become a favored child ; he had been a studious 
and contemplative youth ; he had been a betrayed 
brother ; he had been a trusted slave ; he had been an 
injured guardian and friend ; he had been a prison in- 
mate, a prison overseer, a trusted confidant, a forgotten 
benefactor, and a king's wise man. Joseph was old 
for his age. He had 

"Made use and fair advantage of his days: 
His years but young, but his experience old; 
His head unmellowed, but his judgment ripe." 

in all of Joseph's varied experiences and diverse 
occupations, there is one thing noticeable and signifi- 
cant: he always went to the top. He was his father's, 
trusted messenger ; he was Potiphar's head man ; he 
was his mistress' favorite; he was the jailor's over- 
seer; he was the prisoners' friend; he was Pharaoh's 
"wise man and prime minister. Success seemed to fol- 
low him, even in his chains. Was this all a constant 
and uniform " accident ? " Hardly. There must have 
been in Joseph himself some cause for it. In short, 
as has been said of a quite different man, he " was ex- 
periencing that inexorable law of human souls, that 
we prepare ourselves for sudden deeds [of greatness] 
by the reiterated choice of good or evil that gradually 
determines character." 

What were some of the elements in Joseph's charac- 

First, I think, we may be pretty certain that he was 
industrious — even though he was a " dreamer " ; and 
he proved in himself that a man diligent in his work 
shall not be classed always with mean men, but that he 
shall even stand before kings. 

In the second place, I believe Joseph was always 

obedient and respectful to authority. Men learn to 
command by learning first to obey. Hundreds of 
young Americans fail every year, because they have 
read the Declaration of Independence from the wrong 
end: they have dreamed of liberty until they have 
waked stark fools: they know not the difference be- 
tween liberty that insures wealth and safety, and li- 
cense that runs headlong into anarchy and poverty. 

Thirdly, Joseph must have been ready and willing 
to oblige — to do even more than was asked or re- 
quired — to go the " twain mile." He was a slave, 
but I dare say he did his work like a free man that 
expected high wages. He did not work by the clock, 
and drop his hammer from mid-air when the dinner 
call sounded. Men who are continually afraid they'll 
do more than they are paid for, generally get gray 
waiting" for promotion. 

In the fourth place, Joseph had purity in his heart 
and in his life; and a fifth element of success in his 
character was faith in God— faith in God, even under 
the most perplexing and adverse circumstances. 

Let us learn from this study that success is not one- 
sided—that part of it is on your side. Some men may 
be born great, and others may have greatness thrust 
upon them, but most of them must climb up the heights 
by toilsome degrees and pluck it down. Let us learn 
again that in true success there is no place for selfish- 
ness. The selfish man may take advantage of his 
neighbor, he may get rich, but dare not claim that he 
has achieved the best in life. In the third place, ad- 
versity may be made a means of attaining success; 
and, finally, without a steadfast and submissive faith 
in God's love, power, and providence the highest suc- 
cess is impossible. 

University of Virginia. 



Brother Hay's article in the G. M., page 834, stirred 
up my recollections of that eventful period. I was then 
twelve years old, we lived in the Beaver Creek congre- 
gation, where the Annual Meeting of 1861 was held, 
four miles from the meetinghouse. I remember walk- 
ing miles to this meeting, carriages or wheeled vehicles 
were then few and expensive, and even considered a 
luxury. I listened to a sermon by Bro. B. F. Moomaw, 
preached in the grove, while some other brethren 
preached in the large meetinghouse, near by ; quite a 
large congregation was present on this day, (Sunday). 

Eld. Daniel Miller, referred to by Bro. Hays, was a 
son of Samuel Miller, of Allen county, Ohio, who was 
an uncle of the writer. Cousin Daniel visited at 
father's house previous to the meeting, but did not feel 
So comfortable, as a company of Confederate soldiers 
had been organized at Sangersville, near our home, 
about this time, and started for Harper's Ferry. I think 
on Saturday before the Annual Meeting, the seat of 
war, as it was then considered. I was not at the meet- 
ing on Monday and Tuesday, but attended on Wednes- 
day, which was the last day of this noted meeting. I 
well remember the warm farewell greetings of the 
brethren, which left a lasting impression on my mem- 
ory. The feeling was very prevalent among the breth- 
ren that they would very probably never meet again 
this side of the eternal home, which was true with 
some. I remember hearing Brother Moomaw say, 
possibly ten years after this meeting, that he never saw 
the brethren driven so closely together as they were at 
this Annual Meeting. Persecutions and imprison- 
ments were confronting them, and they felt the pre- 
ciousness of Christian faith and fellowship. 

I quote from the " Life of John Kline," page 442, as 
follows : 

" Sunday, May 19. Meeting in the Beaver Creek 
meetinghouse and two other places near by. A very 
great concourse of people on the ground. The spirit- 
ual peace and composure of the heart, however, usu- 
ally manifest in the Brotherhood on all former oc- 
casions of this kind, is sadly interfered with now by the 
distracted state of our country. But the weather is 
pleasant, and we hope to have a good meeting. * * * 

" Monday, May 20. The Annaul Meeting opens to- 
day at Beaver Creek meetinghouse, Va. First organ- 

ize for counsel ; take in questions ; have public preach- 
ing in forenoon. Much people. In the afternoon 
form sub-committees. Some rain and mist to-day. 

"Tuesday, May 2t. Proceed with business to-day; 
work through four committees. Cool but pleasant. 

" Wednesday, May 22. Got through with business 
by eleven o'clock, and the Annual Meeting breaks up, 
most of those present from the North as well as those 
from the South carrying away with them heavier 
hearts than they ever before have borne from a meet- 
ing of this kind. Many prayers were offered in the 
course of its progress in behalf of our country. 
The Shekinah of God's care may be gloriously wav- 
ing over our heads now, and we not able to see it. The 
Red Sea is before us, but Jehovah will part the waters 
for us to go through unharmed." 

Before the members of our Brotherhood could again 
meet from all parts of our country, a number of the 
brethren wdto attended that Annual Meeting were im- 
prisoned, Brother Kline among the number who died 
a martyr's death on June 15, 1S64. In order to show 
the spirit and wisdom of Brother Kline, I wish to quote 
his record of the last Annual Meeting which he attend- 
ed, near Hagerstown, Intl., May 16-18, 1864, as fol- 
lows : 

"Tuesday, May 17. Discuss questions all day. 
Good order prevails. 1 am glad to witness the dawning 
of intelligence in the minds of our younger brethren in 
the ministry. We must keep up with the demands of 
the age ; not in vain show of worldly fashion and love 
for things new ; but in our desire and power by the use 
of all divinely appointed means to commend the truth 
to every man's conscience by making it to shine in all 
directions more and more unto the perfect day. I am 
glad to sec the zeal manifest in the younger brethren, 
and at the same time equally glad to find it tempered 
with moderation." 

Brother Kline was Moderator of the last four or 
more Annual Meetings, but his modesty forbade him 
making any note of it. We also call attention to his 
deep interest in the younger brethren, and the favor- 
able mention he makes of their decorum at Annual 
Meeting, as well as the need of adapting our methods 
to meet the demands of the age, but not to sacrifice any 
gospel principle. I remember well the vicissitudes 
and changes in the conduct of those who participated 
in our Annual Meetings for the past thirty years or 
more, but, like Brother Kline, I can say that I am 
glad for the great improvement in our Conferences 
in many respects, both in the external and internal. 
May it so continue. 
South Bend, hid. 

SAINTS' FEET."— John 13. 

1. Because Jesus did it. 

2. Because he commanded us to do it. 
Because he said we ought to do it. 
Because he said we should do it. 
Because he said we needed it. 
Because without it we can have no part with him. 
Because it is needed to make us clean of heart. 
Because it will make us happy. 

9. Because it will make us humble. 

10. Because it brings the rich and poor on equality, 
tl. Because the apostles taught it. 

12. Because the first Christians_ practiced it. 

13. Because by it we let our light shine. 

14. Because by it we emphasize our loyalty to 

15. Because it is a special means of grace. 
Because its neglect would endanger our salva- 



Because its observance will please God. 

18. Because it is an important part of the commun- 
ion service. 

19. Because we will not be condemned for doing it, 
even if it is not necessary. 

20. Because it is safer to do it than not to do it. 

21. Because it expresses our love to God. "This 
is the love of God, that we keep his commandments." 

22. Because it expresses our friendship for God. 
" Ye are my friends if you do what I command you." 
— V. C. Moomaw. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1906. 



I. Obedience, a Condition of Loyalty. 

II. Feet-washing, a Religious Rite. 

[II. The Lord's Supper. 

IV. The Cup and Loaf. 

V. The Christian Salutation. 

VI. Anointing the Sick with Oil. 

^ BV A. Ci. UKUM w m i ~- 

1^— ——-«—-— thf — was ™ Z the future twent 


It is not disputed that Christ partook of a supper 
with the twelve chosen disciples on the night of us 
betrayal. In order to ascertain as nearly as possible 
what' composed that supper and the manner of its 
observance we must consult the best authority at our 
command. Webster defines supper as 'the evening 
meal " It is derived from the Greek dcipnon, which 
all Greek scholars of any note concede to be a full 
evening meal, a plenteous repast. Let us see how the 
evangelists understood it: " And as they were eating, 
lesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it etc. 
Matt 26 ■ >6 " And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, 
and blessed it, and brake it," etc. Mark 14:22. 

" And he took bread and gave thanks, and brake it, 
and gave it unto them, saying, This is my body which 
is given for you ; do this in remembrance of me. Like- 
wise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the 
new testament in my blood, which is shed for you. 
Luke 22' 19 20. Hear also Paul: "In like manner 
also the cup after supper, saying, This is the new cov- 
enant in my blood : this do as often as ye drink it in re- 
membrance of me." . Cor. II : 25. In all these scrip- 
tures it is clearly seen that the supper preceded the 
communion of the bread and wine. In the expression, 
- Likewise also the cup after supper," it is evident that 
the supper was over-the Lard's supper. In every 
instance where supper is referred to, the word detfnm 
is used in the original. See for proof-texts, Luke 
14- 12- 14- 16; John 12:2. The term kimakon deip- 
non is'used only once in the whole Bible, and that is 
in I Cor 11 • 20,-" When ye come together therefore 
into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper 
{Kuriakon deipnon) ; for in eating each one taketh 
before other his own supper, and one is hungry and 
another is drunken," etc. Paul by no means dis- 
courages the eating of this sacred meal, but aims by 
this scathing rebuke to remind the Corinthian breth- 
ren that there was too much disorder among them to 
partake of it properly. He means to teach them that 
if they will not tarry for one another, nor cease to be 
drunken or gluttonous, they had better eat at home and 
not pollute the house of God. The Jewish passover 
supper was designated by a different mme-fascha- 
which referred to the paschal lamb that was slain on 
these occasions. Again we have the generic term 
agape which in Wilson's " Emphatic Diaglott " and the 
Vatican manuscript is termed " love feast " or feast 
of charity." It no doubt refers to a combination of 
the two services-the Lord's supper and the commun- 
ion of bread and wine. See Jude 12; 2 Peter 2: 13. 
In the first three centuries of the Christian church 
these were surely connected, as may be established 
by referring to Pliny's report to the Emperor Trajan 
quoted bv Neander, one of the earliest church histo- 
rians.. The supper Christ ate with his disciples was 
Not the Jewish Passover. 
All the evangelists speak of it as a supper or a pass- 
over. These terms are synonymous. It matters lit- 
tle what we are pleased to call it, the fact remains the 
same, that our Savior did actually partake of a supper 
with his disciples on the night of his betrayal. The 
first thought that comes into many minds is that it 
was the Jewish passover. This is contradicted in John 
13: 1. He says, " Now before the feast of the pass- 
over," etc. And that it was before is evident from 
the following considerations : 

1. When Judas went out to complete the deal with 
the enemies of Jesus for his body, some of them 
thought that because he was their treasurer he had gone 
to buy some necessary supplies for the feast ; or that the 
poor might be supplied with means to attend the ap- 
proaching feast. It is now definitely settled that the 

feast of the passover was yet in the future twenty- 
four hours. It was customary to help the poor buy 
the paschal lamb, as the law prescribed a lamb for 
a family but if the family was too small to consume 
it then their neighbors might be invited with them. 

> There was fear of pollution. From the court of 
Caiaphas, who was high priest, to the judgment hall 
Jesus was taken early in the morning after the in- 
stitution of these Christian ordinances, and the Jew's 
would not go into the judgment hall lest they should 
be defiled ; but that they might eat the passover. John 

' i The crucifixion took place on the "preparation 
day" that is the day that leaven must be taken out 
of their houses and other arrangements made for the 
celebration of their passover feast. Friday was the 
passover day and was the "high day" referred to. 
It was to them a Sabbath ; and the " seventh day 
sabbath was the day following; or, our Saturday. 
Count forward from the day following the passover, 
fifty days and Pentecost comes on Sunday; or, count 
backward six days, and we find him at the feast of 
Bethany, and making his triumphal entry into Jeru- 
salem on Sunday (Palm Sunday). Some authors 
doubt the slaying of the paschal lamb in all Palestine 
that year but if it had been slain exactly at the usual 
time it would only prove mat the type and the antitype 
did actually meet in the death of Christ in the point 
of time. One thing must not be forgotten, however, 
that Christ our passover " was sacrificed for us 
There is a confusion in the minds of some as to the 
method of computing time which has a bearing on this 
subject It must be remembered that the Jewish day 
began in. the evening. Thus, "the evening and the 
morning were the first day " Gen. 1 : 5. 

Now for the sake of harmony let us return to the 
feast at Bethany,-" Six days before the feast of the 
passover," which refers more to his going up there 
than to the time of the supper which probably occurred 
on our Sunday evening. The date of the triumphal 
entry was the tenth day of Nisan (our April), which 
event prefigured the date of the selection of the paschal 
lamb from the flock; and the crucifixion of Christ, 
on the fourteenth day, the time of slaying it. He was 
laid in Joseph's tomb late Thursday. Thus we have 
corroborating testimony that he was in the grave 
" three mornings and three evenings." To establish 
the fact that Pentecost came fifty days from this not- 
able event and fell on our Sunday, it is necessary to 
concede the preceding statements. Space forbids any- 
thing more than a mere mention of these seeming 
discrepancies and the reader is left to make his own 
calculations. We further wish to present to our read- 
ers in separate columns the scriptures bearing on both 
the Jewish and the Christian passover ; 

gregation of Israel shall 
kill it in the evening. 

7 And they shall take of 
the blood, and strike it on 
the two side posts and on 
the upper door post of the 
houses, wherein- they shall 
eat it. 

8 And they shall eat the 
flesh in that night, roast 
with fire, and unleavened 
bread; and with bitter 
herbs they shall eat it. 

9 Eat not of it raw, nor 
sodden at all with water, 
but roast with fire; his 
head with his legs, and 
with the purtenance there- 

10 And ye shall let noth- 
ing of it remain until the 
morning; and that which 
remaineth of it until the 
morning; and that which 

11 And thus shall ye eat 
it with your loins girded, 
your shoes on your feet, 
and your staff in your 
hand; and ye shall eat it in 
haste: it is the Lord's pass- 

feet, and to wipe them with 
the towel wherewith he 
was girded. 

23 Now there was lean- 
ing on Jesus' bosom one of 
his disciples, whom Jesus 

26 Jesus answered, He it 
is to whom I shall give a 
sop, when I have dipped it. 
And when he had dipped 
the sop, he gave it to Judas 
Iscariot, the son of Simon. 

29 For some of them 
thought, because Judas had 
the bag, that Jesus had said 
unto him, Buy those things 
that we have need ot 
against the feast; or, that 
he should give something 
to the poor. 

30 He then, having re- 
ceived the sop, went im- 
mediately out; and it was 

Exodus 12. 
3 Speak ye unto all the 
congregation of Israel, say- 
ing. In the tenth day of 
this month they shall take 
to them every man a lamb, 
according to the house of 
their fathers, a lamb for a 

4 And if the household 
be too little for the lamb, 
let him and his neighbor 
next unto his house take 
it according to the number 
of the souls; every man ac- 
cording to his eating shall 
make your count for the 

5 Your lamb shall be 
without blemish, a male of 
the first year: ye shall take 
it out from the sheep, or 
from the goats: 

6 And ye shall keep it up 
until the fourteenth day of 
the same month: and the 
whole assembly of the con- 

John 13. 

1 Now before the feast 
of the passover, when Jesus 
knew that his hour was 
come that he should depart 
out of this world unto the 
Father, having loved his 
own which were in the 
world, he loved them unto 
the end. 

2 And supper being end- 
ed, the devil having now 
put into the heart of Judas 
Iscariot, Simon's son, to 
betray him. 

3 Jesus knowing that the 
Father had given all things 
into his hands, and that he 
was come from God. and 
vent to God; 

4 He riseth from supper, 
and laid aside his gar- 
ments; and took a towel, 
and girded himself. 

5 After that he poureth 
water into a basin, and be- 
gan to wash the disciples 

We note the following points of difference : 

1 In the celebration of the Jewish passover there 
was no feet-washing; in the Christian passover or 
Lord's supper there was. 

2 They sat or reclined at the Lord's supper ; at the 
Jewish passover they had their shoes on their feet 
and their staffs in their hands. 

3 The Jews ate in haste ; the disciples leisurely. 

4. The Jews ate roasted meat; the disciples had a 

sop. , ,. ■ , 

5. The Jews ate it with bitter herbs ; the disciples 

did not. 

6. The Jews were not to go out of the house that 
night; the disciples went out. This will suffice to 
show that if Jesus had eaten the Jewish passover that 
night he did not observe it properly, which would de- 
stroy our faith in his whole system. 

Object of the Lord's Supper. 
The Savior said to his disciples: "With desire I 
have desired to eat this passover with you before I 
suffer- for I say unto you, I will not eat any more 
thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God. 
Luke 22: 15, 16. This fulfillment will be in the even- 
mo- of this world or the close of the Christian dispensa- 
tion. The marriage supper of the Lamb is beauti- 
fully described in Revelation 19. The intention of 
the eucharist is to direct our minds backward to the 
suffering and death of the world's Redeemer, but the 
Lord's supper more directly points forward to the 
glorious event when the saints shall be gathered from 
every nation in the grand reunion above alluded to 
and when Christ shall again gird himself and serve us. 

• ♦ ■ 



Jan. 1 was a day of great rejoicing in the First 
Brethren church. All hearts seemed lifted to the Lord 
in praise and gratitude. For many months we had 
been deprived of the use of the church, save the Sun- 
day-school rooms, and them we were not permitted 
to use during the month of August on account of the 

The New Year day was most beautiful and our 
large, commodious building was filled during all the 
services of the day. At 10 : 30 in the morning Dr. M. 
G. Brumbaugh preached the dedication sermon. Text, 
Matt. 9:36. Subject, "Christ's view of the world." 
1 His compassion, sympathy and pity for the multi- 
tudes and his life of sorrow from the cradle to the 

cross, that he might win the world and be the Savior of 


2. That the church stands for this view of the world. 
Universal sympathy, "patience," "power," "help- 
fulness " " devotion," a divine institution where souls 
and constantly being won for Christ. After hearing 
this most excellent discourse every Christian's heart 
must have been stirred to more active service for the 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 

In the afternoon at 2 : 30 a Sunday-schoool rally hold her up before God at a throne of grace, that he at Lanark, 111., with its small patronage and some of 
vis held in the audience room where addresses were may richly bless her, and use her for the salvation of that only half-hearted and cold, and then compare it 
made by those who had served as superintendents 

since the building of the First church at Carlisle and 
Dauphin Sts., 1891. 

In the evening at 7 o'clock the young people's so- 
ciety resumed its work, using as a subject " Our goal 
for 1905." 

At 7 : 45 Bro. I. N. H. Beahm preached one of his 
earnest, practical sermons. At the close of the serv- 
ice five were baptized. On Monday evening came the 
time for our regular quarterly council meeting, our 
pastor presiding. Two letters of membership were 
read, reports of committees were read and accepted, 
after which a committee was appointed to arrange 
for a mission in West Philadelphia. 

On Tuesday evening we had addresses by the neigh- 
boring pastors. On Wednesday came our midweek 
prayer meeting, on Thursday a church rally when 

precious souls, and for his glory. 

In the evening we were favored with an interesting- 
lecture by D. L. Forney, on the " Sunday School Work 
of India." 

And as the services were closed, and another con- 
vention passed into history, many were made to feel 
that they were made spiritually stronger and better pre- 
pared for the Sunday-school work of the new year. 

Charter Oak, Cal., Dec.31. 



This institution located at Manheim, Pa., was 

opened about eight years ago with two inmates and 

very little encouragement by the State district, senti- 

esponses were given from the various organizations mental or financial. Numerous were the imaginary 

of the church, and on Friday came the reminiscence 
and covenant meeting. The Lord has greatly blessed 
the Philadelphia church beginning with few in num- 
ber we have grown to over 350 at the present time. 
May God's goodness lead us to be better and do better 
than ever before. 

1346 Diamond St., Jan. 7. 



The Brethren's annual Sunday-school convention 
of the District of California and Arizona convened at 
Covina, on Friday, Dec. 30. at 9:15 A. M. 

The program rendered was of intense, and vital 
interest to all present. 

The first topic. " Sunday-school Management," 
called out considerable discussion, and led us to the 
conclusion that where sufficient material is available, 
it is advisable to change officers frequently, in order 
to bring about more unity and sympathy among the 
workers ; also that each Sunday-school class be provid- 
ed with an assistant teacher, who shall be present each 
Sunday in the class room, to assist whenever called 
upon, and that after one-half of the term of office is 
expired, the teacher and assistant teacher exchange of- 
fices for the remainder of the term. The same rela- 
tionship to exist between the superintendent and the 
assistant superintendent. 

A well-prepared paper on the " Cradle Roll " made 
it evident to all that to begin with the child at birth 
is the surest plan Of' gaining the little ones for the 
Sunday school and for God, and also in many instances 
of drawing both father and mother into the fold of the 

When the topic " Primary Department," was con- 
sidered, it was clearly demonstrated that the younger 
ones of the school do not receive the attention which 
they deserve, because the words used are often be- 
yond their comprehension. It was urged that spe- 
cial songs and children's sermons be introduced for 
the children, and that the class rooms be provided 
with low benches, or small chairs, so that the wee ones 
may rest their feet upon the floor. 

"Why a Beginner's Course?" was well handled, 
and brought to view our lack of suitable simple helps 
for those little tots who are just starting out to at- 
tend the Sunday school, and the result of this discus- 
sion was a well-prepared paper to the Brethren Pub- 
lishing House, earnestly requesting them to publish 
suitable lessons, as recommended by the late Inter- 
national Committee. 

The last topic of the morning session appealed for 
less formality and more spirit in our Sunday-school 
labors, and it was shown that to accomplish this we 
must lose sight of self, and earnestly devote ourselves 
to a prayerful study of the Word, in order that we may 
become filled with the fire of the Holy Spirit. 

When " The Sunday-school Missionary " was under 
consideration, a portion of the time was devoted to 
earnest prayer in behalf of our dear Sister Gertrude 
Rowland, who is representing the Sunday schools 
of our district in India. We all feel continually to 

evils predicted to come out of the project. It ofttimes 
requires less argument to close the purse strings than 
it does to open them. But God be thanked for his 
blessings bestowed upon the efforts and for the very 
marked change in sentiment in favor of the home in 
the district. Some of the strongest opponents became 
its able defenders. Bequests have been made and an 
endowment fund started, which it is hoped will grow 
until the income therefrom will enable the poor breth- 
ren and sisters of the district to be admitted free 
of charge. Donations and bequests will be grateful- 
ly received from those residing in Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania any time, for which an annuity will be paid 
the donor during his or her lifetime if desired. The 
following annuities will be paid semiannually. To 
those of forty years and under, the equivalent of four 
per cent; forty to sixty years equivalent of four and 
a half per cent ; sixty to seventy-five years equiva- 
lent of five per cent ; seventy-five to eighty years equiv- 
alent of five and a half per cent; eighty years and 
upward equivalent of six per cent. May such as have 
been blessed with this world's goods not forget this 
noble institution, thus leaving a monument to their 
memory, and a blessing to themselves and to the gener- 
ations to come. Remember that he that hath pity on 
the poor lendeth to the Lord. Prov. 19: 17. There 
are at present twenty-nine inmates in the institution, 
ranging in age from fifty to ninety-five years. This 
number does not include servants and nurses. Eld. 
B. Z. Eby and wife still hold the position of steward 
and stewardess. They are well qualified for the hand- 
ling of the aged inmates, which is a very important 
factor in the running of such an institution. There 
is a board of seven trustees upon whom devolves the 
management proper. The annual election for two 
trustees for three years will take place at the Home 
on Feb. 7, between 9 and II A. M. The terms of 
H. E. Light and John Herr expire. All shareholders 
arc hereby invited to be present at said election. 
New Holland, Pa., Jan. 3. 

with its growth as it went up at Mt. Morris only to 
take a bound into greater life and activity maintained 
and pushed by its most earnest friends, I am sur- 
prised and pleased. The brethren who so success- 
fully put the publishing interests of our Brotherhood 
on a sound financial basis arc too well known to need 
mention here. The Gospel Messenger and Publish- 
ing House interests under exceedingly prosperous con- 
ditions were turned over to our great Brotherhood. 
Soon larger quarters were needed. Better shipping 
and mailing facilities became imperative, and steps 
were taken to locate our publishing interest where its 
fast growing business might have every advantage 
possible for its further development. Surely the lo- 
cating committee made no mistake in selecting Elgin, 
and the present site of our Publishing House. During 
the past year great changes have been made in the 
House, utilizing its floor space to much better advan- 
tage. An extensive addition has been built and a 
power house outside the main building, which is the 
envy of its competitors. At present there are two 
linotypes running day and night, and four presses 
busy day and part of the night. Another linotype 
and press have recently been ordered and will be in- 
stalled soon. A complete bindery outfit is kept very 
busy. Some large orders of job work could not be 
taken because of the volume of business now on hand. 
Another building is already being talked of and some 
are musing in their hearts, that under careful, progres- 
sive business methods in ten years more our present 
business may be doubled. 

I should have stated that the entire House is heated 
by steam in a very economical way, utilizing waste 
steam, and the building is lighted and all machinery 
run by electricity generated by our own dynamo. 

After making short calls upon the editors of the 
the Gospel Messenger and Nook in connection with 
a general survey of the various departments of the 
House we left for our home feeling highly gratified 
with present conditions and the progress being made 
under its present management. 
Clarence, Iowa, Jan. p. 




On Jan. 3 I left-home with our youngest daughter 
for Mt. Morris, III., where she expects to attend school. 


Despite some very inclement weather the attendance 
ami interest at our late Sunday-school teachers' in- 
stitute, held at West Milton, Dec. 27-30, was very 
good. According to the register two hundred and thir- 
ty people enrolled. Amongst these were twenty-seven 
superintendents, nineteen primary teachers, eleven in- 
termediate teachers, thirty-seven teachers of advanced 
classes and many ministers and ciders. Thirty-seven 
Sunday schools were represented, of which thirty are 
in Southern Ohio. Bro. F. F. Holsopple, of Hunt- 
ingdon. Pa., gave a series of very practical, 
instructive and inspiring lectures mostly on teach- 
ing, including the preparation, adaptation and pres- 
entation of the Sunday-school lesson to the va- 
rious grades of pupils. Bro. A. C. Wieand, for- 
merly of Ohio, but now one of the instructors 
in the Bible Teachers' Training School, Ne 

City, had some very sad experience 

in what he antici- 

Arriving after night wc were kindly received by the patt ,,i WO uld be a pleasant return to the State of Ins 
business manager, Bro. N. J. Miller. I found old nativity. While en route he attended the funeral of an 

I mly brother at Woostcr, Ohio, arriving at West Mil- 
ton only a few minutes before the time for his first 
evening lecture. His lectures dwelt mostly on the 

Gospel of John and lesson construction. He said the 
heart of the Bible was the four Gospels and the heart of 

students returning, and a number of new ones being 
enrolled for the first time. The new management 
seems to be doing all in their power to make the school 
profitable and pleasant for all those who attend. 

The special Bible term was opened Jan. 4 with an . 

able set of instructors. Those in attendance taking the four Gospels was the Gospel of John. He com 

from Wisconsin, Iowa, mended the international lesson committee for giving 

Wc felt sorry that us better and more connected system of lessons for 

such kind and loving the first six months of the present year and greatly 
urged that the Gospel of John be studied from begin- 

I went to Elgin to make a short call at our ning to end by the Sunday-school workers This 

PLibhshlg House of which I wish to say a few words the basis, and quarterlies and commentaries ,0 he used 

that may be of interest to our beloved Fraternity, as helps. 

When I look back over the past and remember the of intellectual and spirited thought. 
little pent-up quarters of the " Brethren at Work" Greenville, Oho, Jan. 6. 

the special Bible course were 
Northern and Southern Illinois 
our stay was so short anion 

His lectures were very instructive, and full 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 



Text: Be Friendly. 

The Bible enjoins being friendly with those about 
us. It involves hospitality, and includes the commoner 
amenities of life. There is not nearly enough of ex- 
pressed kindliness of feeling among us. Note that 
the preacher says " expressed," and remember that no 
matter how kindly we may feel, unless we put it into 
words or deeds it goes for nothing. It is like hoard- 
ed money— does no good until it is set to working. 

Christians need no formal introduction, and that 
they stand off from one another, say at a public meet- 
ing, simply because they have not been introduced, 
is not right. One reason for the success of some of 
the worldly churches lies in the cordiality and friendli- 
ness with which a stranger at their services is met. 
He may not know one of them, but they make it pleas- 
ant for him, and try to make him feel at home. He 
remembers that when he again feels inclined to attend 
a church. 

The thing to do is to walk right up to a stranger 
you know to be of the faith, shake hands, and bid 
him welcome. If both are away and among strangers, 
then let the common tie that binds them find expression 
in pleasant words. It is Christian and therefore right. 
In some places members act toward a stranger as 
though he were a sort of animated, human, poison 
ivy. They shy around him. This is the exact wrong 
thing to do. Be friendly and you will have more 

Elgin, III. 


sermons, prayers, ana other devotional exercises. A 
long prayer, when the occasion calls for a short one, 
will over-do and so fail of effectiveness. 

Once upon a love-feast occasion, I noticed a brother 
washing another brother's feet. He washed and 
washed and washed, and then he wiped and wiped and 
wiped. Did the brother's feet need so much washing 
and wiping, or was the ordinance being over-done? 
We have greatly shortened the time spent upon the 
ordinances on love feast occasions and have noticebly 
enhanced the effectiveness of them not only to visitors 
from other denominations, but also to our own mem- 
bers. Possibly we might still shorten the time spent 
washing feet if more basins were made use of. To 
have a greater number washing feet over the room at 
the same time and to have each individual member 
use considerate dispatch, would, it seems to me, add 
much to the impressiveness of the ordinance. Would 
that be over-doing it by shortening the time too much ? 
Perhaps it would be difficult to improve over present 
conditions. At least we do not want to " over-do " 
in any direction. 

Mr. Morris, III. 



At a gathering not long since our attention was 
called to a well-dressed, good-looking young man, 
because of his very rude and ungentlemanly conduct. 
His actions were somewhat of a mystery to me, as 
he had the appearance of being of more than ordinary 
intelligence. The cause of his conduct was all made 
plain a little later. We took the train for home, which 
was filled to its utmost capacity, and we were glad for 
the privilege of standing upon the steps, and a little 
later to secure standing room in the smoking car. The 
' fumes of tobacco and the smell of liquor made the 
surroundings quite unpleasant, as such environments 
invariably do for persons with anything like refined 

I said to a gentleman by my side, " I would think 
that gentlemen would respect ladies, who were forced 
by the circumstances to come into this car, enough 
not to fill it with a cloud of tobacco smoke." 

The gentleman answered : " A man who will not 
respect himself has no respect for a lady." Pointing 
to a well-dressed man who was scarcely able to care 
for himself because of the liquor which he had drunk, 
he added : " There is a man of our town who is worth 
a hundred thousand dollars, has a good business ed- 
ucation and was once the superintendent of public in- 
struction in our county, — drunk." I at once recog- 
nized him as the man whose rude conduct had attracted 
my attention in the evening. A pity? Yea! thrice a 

Surely it requires character rightly to balance ability. 

Morrill, Kans. 



Sometimes in our anxiety to do a thing well we 
" over-do " it. A steak when once well done if left in 
the skillet a little longer will soon be over-done. An 
admonition given in season to an erring one may 
easily be over-done if the tone be harsh or the stress 
be excessive. A topic once well treated, if dwelt upon 
a little longer, may be over-done and the audience 
wearied. Excessive details will mar the beauty of a 
picture on canvas or in words. The same is true in 


A man bought what he supposed was a diamond. 
It sparkled and attracted attention. The envious want- 
ed 'it. The robber wished he could clutch it. But a 
day came when the man needed money, and then he 
found that his jewel was paste. The jeweler told him 
that in time it would be dull and reveal its worthless- 
ness. What is a true religion? Not all which claim 
to be, and which have champions. True religion 
stands the test of time and its experiences. Sad is it 
to find that in a time of need one's religion is worth- 
less. Wonderful it is to find that it is the religion of 
God, that abideth forever. 


For the Week Beginning January 29, 19 

ATTAIN TO IT?— Gal. 5:22-25. 

Sunday Evening. January 29, 1905. 

PHILIP.— Acts 8:26-31. 

1. Be Sincere. — When tempted with doubts and fears as 
to standing or "holding out," read John 5.24; Rom. 
8:33-39; John 10:27-29. Always act on principle, even 
if it goes " against feeling." If you have sinned, read 
1 John 2:1, 2; 1 John 1:9. 

2. Use Means of Grace.— Study the Word and pray daily. 
If ever so little, make some progress heavenward. Ask 
the Holy Spirit to interpret what you read; then prove 
your loyalty by obeying God's will at once and fully. 
John 5:39; 14:15; 16:13. Begin the day with secret 
prayer; then fellowship with Jesus will be sweet. 
Matt. 6:6; Hcb. 13:15. 

3. Act from Conviction.— Stand up boldly for Jesus every- 
where and at all times. Show your colors. Be a faith- 
ful witness. Have the courage of your convictions. 
Matt. 10:32, 33; Acts 4:13. 

4. Be Fully Consecrated. — Separate yourself manifestly 
from the character, course and doom of the Christ- 
rejecting" world, and present a contrast. Beware of 
the " unfruitful works of darkness," as shown in the 
lodge-room and similar associations, where there is 
an " unequal yoking together with unbelievers." Sal- 
vation is by separation. There is a difference between 
" the Lord's own " and " those who know him not." 
James 4: 4; 2 Cor. 6: 14; Rom. 12: 2. 

5. Love Christian Association.— It is your privilege to 
love God's people and make their good fellowship your 
choice. Use diligently the ordinances as means 
of grace through which you are kept. It is your- 
privilcge to enjoy assurance. Do not stumble at a 
straw and turn away. Be a fully-convinced Christian. 
Don't imitate your weak brother but follow Christ 
fully. 1 John 3:14-19; Heb. 10:25; 1 Cor. 11:1. 

6. Be a " Christian at Work."— God calls, equips, and 
sends you. Your eternal life is a gift, but your pro- 
portionate reward is earned by honest effort. Salva- 
tion is not a selfish luxury but a solemn trust. Only 
as you work, can you hope for a crown. John 15:16; 
Dan. 12:3: 2 Tim. 4:7, 8; Rev. 22:12. 

7. Be Found Watching.— Love, look for. and hasten the 

coming of your Lord. Keep the girdle, the staff and 
the lamp. Be holy, zealous and wise. Titus 2: 12-15. 

I. Philip Going. 

(a) 1. From Samaria— Many People Acts 8:25 

2. To Desert Road— To One Person, . .Acts 8: 25 

(b) 1. Following Leading of Spirit Acts 8:29 

2. Paul at Troas Acts 16:9 

3. Spirit Directs all Missions for Christ, 
John 16:8, 14 

4. Joy in Preaching Christ, ....1 Thcss. 2:19, 20 
II. The Eunuch. 

(a) 1. Going to Jerusalem to Worship, ...Acts 8:27 

2. Reading the Bible Acts 8:28 

3. Seeking to Understand Acts 8:30, 31 

(b) 1. Was Taught the Way Acts 8:32 

2. Obeyed— Was Baptized Acts 8:38 

3. Joy in Accepting Christ Acts 8: 39 

III. Individual Work for Individuals. 

I. Philip Going. 

1. The preaching of Philip spread like wildfire in Sa- 
maria. Simon was a baptized believer, but fell through 
covetousness. Peter and John were sent to assist in 
this Samaritan- revival. The work done, they returned 
to Jerusalem. 

2. Probably Philip would have continued his work 
among the Samaria villages had not God interfered with 
his plans and sent him to one man. 

3. He might have been waiting for an opportunity to 
speak to this man, but the Spirit said he should make 
the opportunity. It was God's time, and good resulted. 

4. We are next to consider the thought of the Spirit 
leading Paul to Troas. He was impressed with the great, 
open mission field, and the call was too urgent to re- 

5. It is the* mission of the Spirit to have the Gospel 
preached through his servants to the remotest parts of 
the earth, and the sooner each one is made willing to 
perform his humble part of this great work, the sooner 
will the world be converted to Christ. 

6. The gathered sheaves, the starry crown, the un- 
conceived glory of the celestial city, will all unite to 
fill our cups of joy and amply repay us for the little 
sacrifice we make in bringing souls to Christ. 

II. The Eunuch. 

1. Neither position, zeal, the place of worship nor 
honesty of purpose had made a Christian of this man. 

2. Reading his Bible was not enough, or Philip would 
not have been sent to him. Neither will it suffice to-day. 

3. The trouble was that he could not understand by 
himself, and he was anxious to learn the meaning of 
the prophecies concerning Christ. 

4. We have no reason to suppose that the eunuch 
would demand baptism without first being taught its 
importance by this missionary. 

5. The conditions of pardon were complied with — (1) 
Belief with the whole heart, (2) Baptism, immersion. 

6. The joy that arose in the heart of this new convert 
to Christianity did not cease because the preacher was 
gone. The Spirit led Philip to him, and when his mis- 
sion was accomplished he took him away to other fields 
of labor. 

III. Individual Work for Individuals. 
The church at Jerusalem, although recently baptized 
with the Holy Ghost so miraculously, could not accom- 
plish from their station what Philip did. Missionaries 
must do personal work. 


Dr. Joseph Parker would accept nothing but third-class 
railway fares when he visited poor parishes, but woe to 
the church that had a reputation for meanness in money 
matters. He visited one such, where, after service, the 
deacon said, "Well, Dr. Parker, as to your fee?" 
" It is fifty pounds:" ($250.) 

The deacon demurred; Dr. Parker insisted Finally the 
officials of the church got together and paid over the fifty 
pounds. Then Dr. Parker said: 

" Now, this is not for myself. Some time ago you had 
So-and-So " — mentioning a somewhat obscure minister — 
" to preach here. You know that his church is a strug- 
gling one, and that he is a poor man, with a large fam- 
ily. You refused to pay him more than his bare rail- 
way fares when he came to you on the last occasion. 

" To redeem this iniquity on your part I have charged 
you fifty pounds, and I shall send it to him as his fee." 

" Why should we be care-stricken? What business have 
we to be sad in the sunshine? We have nothing to do 
with the past, nothing to do with the future; we have to 
do with the present only, and that even in the hour of 
trial we are by God's grace strong enough to bear." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 





A thrifty stalk of wheat and thistle grew 

In the protection of a cedar tree. 
The wheat stalk had one spot of dark mildew, 

The thistle was as fair as 

it could be. 

In sun and rain and snow, there, side by side 
They grew, each filling its own little space. 

The cedar said, one day, in lofty pride, 

•■ Oh mildewed wheat, you are the earth s disgrace! 

Then spreading o'er the thistle his protecting arms 
Baptized it in a shower of morning dew. 

" Thou," speaking softly, " hast superior charms; 
That mildewed stalk can never rival you! 

Months after, to the garner for man's bread, 
The blighted wheat stalk gave some perfect grain. 

Far as the drifting winds the thistle spread 
Its noxious seed that gave man only pain. 

Newport News, Va. 


Our physicial bodies have been so formed that they 
need feeding for their development and perpetuation.. 
In the beginning this feeding, no doubt, was very 
simple, in both matter and manner. But man has. 
sought out many inventions, so that many discoveries, 
have been made in the food which we eat, both in kind: 
and preparation. Some— for good, some for bad- 
Much that is now used for food would better not be 
eaten; and then, too, the processes of preparation, ini 
many cases, are decidedly injurious. This is true in. 
the feeding of children as well as of older and grown, 
persons. The thing which we call appetite is peculiar 
in many ways, and is subject to some peculiar and 
strange freaks. It is sometimes said that the natural 
cravings of the appetite are always safe and may be 
indulged in without risk to the health and life of the 
body. And in evidence people point to animals, which, 
they say, are governed entirely by their tastes in the 
selection of their food. But while this may be largely 
true of most animals, it is not entirely so ; as they, at: 
times, make serious mistakes in their voluntary selec- 
tions, and die of poisonous weeds and leaves which 
they eat while foraging in the fields and in woods.. 
But, accepting the supposition, how many boys and 
girls, men and women, do we have possessing their 
"natural" appetites? Very few indeed, if any. 

Our appetites have been trained to the kinds of 
food now used, and their manner of preparation. 
Think of Adam and Eve sitting down to a table to be 
furnished with six. seven, eight or more courses, and 
each of these consisting of from three to five different 
kinds of foods. We think that their appetites were 
quite natural, even if they did make a mistake in eat- 
ing the wrong kind of apples. 

Sin has probably spoiled our appetites as badly as it 
spoiled everything else. Before the fall, or transgres- 
sion, they were vegetarians of the most simple style. 
Don't suppose that their table was graced with pies,, 
tarts, jellies, dumplings, puddings— or even Quaker 
oats, Ralston foods, and hundreds of other mixtures 
that human ingenuity has since invented. And, we 
are quite sure, they did not have roast turkey, chicken, 
geese, ducks, beef, lamb and pork, because, as yet. 
no blood was spilled. 

No, our appetites are not exactly natural anymore, 
and we are expected, because of our intelligence 
and varied experiences, to use our judgment as to the 
kind and quality our food should be. 

We have just passed through our special feeding 
season, and as a result, many of us are now feeding on 
what is generally termed " prescriptive " diet, such as 
purgatives, digestives, liver syrups, pain killers and 
stomach regulators generally. Following the week of 
festivities, we have the week of " relapses," of penitence 
and the week of prayer. Whether or not these sur- 
feitings are the proper preparation for what follows 
we must judge for ourselves. But this we do know, 
that penitence generally comes as a result, and that 
prayer should follow, that the penitence may be made 
thorough and complete. 

Just how much sin we commit by injudicious and 
overfeeding we cannot tell, as it is a personal matter 

with each of us, and cannot be measured by foot-rules, 
pound-weights and quart and peck measures. But 
that, in too many cases, we feed to our physical and 
religious harm must be evident to all. And thought- 
fulness along this line is essential on the part of parents 
and children. 

And while there is a necessity for us to give thought 
to our physicial feeding, it is equally important that we 
give some thought to our intellectual and mind feeding. 
As we begin the new year, we lay in store our read- 
ing in the way of papers and books, for the year. We 
learn to think after our reading. And as a man — boy 
•or girl — thinketh in his heart, so he is. The moral 
.and religious status of our children can be determined 
largely by what they read. In these things we cannot 
be too careful, as some papers and magazines which 
are considered very excellent in their lines may be 
harmful to our young people. We now think of a pa- 
per of large circulation and morally and theoretically of 
a high standard, and yet we could not help but feel that 
it would be an unsafe paper to place in many of our 
homes. Its field is to set before the young men and 
women of our country the so-called successful business 
men and women of tfie world. Success in business is 
made the standard of aspiration, and as a result the 
spirit of money-making and greed becomes so im- 
pressed in their minds and hearts that it becomes an 
uncontrollable passion to them. And to gain their ends 
they risk the losing of their souls. 

In these days of inordinate desire and effort for 
gain and riches our young people don't need the mil- 
lionaire money grabber held up before them as a stand- 
ard for success nearly so mu :h as the gospel of right- 
doing. In the short life which we have to live here no 
man can honestly earn, by the sweat of his face, mil- 
lions of dollars. Neither does any one man need so 
much of this world's goods. To gain millions in a few 
years, only means the impoverishing of his fellow-man 
This making haste to get rich is a growing curse to our 
■country, a menace to society and a great foe to the 
church and to individuals. No, our children should 
not be fed this kind of food. They nee"d to be taught 
that legitimate gain comes from labor and duties well 
performed, and that every dollar received is for honest 
value given. This is the kind of business success that 
the Bible teaches. Be not slothful in business— fervent 
in spirit— living honestly in the sight of all men. He 
ithat maketh haste to get rich is pierced with many sor- 
rows. See that the books and papers which we place 
Sn our homes for ourselves and children teach the 
principles of loveliness, purity and honesty. H. B. b. 

fluence of the church. He claimed that he was 
brought up in the faith and became a member of the 
church in his younger days, and also held that after his 
marriage he lived neighbor to a man who had no con- 
nection with the church, neither did his wife. But a 
time came when they decided to change locations, 
the brother and his wife (who is a member) going to 
tile above-mentioned place, and his neighbor going to 
where they had access to church and Sunday school. 
With a heavy heart that brother told me that not one 
of his children was saved, but his neighbor, his wife 
and all his children were members of the church. 

Said he to me, " O, if I could only give what I am 
worth in dollars for the conversion of my children, 
how happy I would be. But I am afraid I will have 
much to ask forgiveness for." 

Indeed, that father saw his mistake when it was too 
late, — love placed upon dimes and dollars instead of 
souls. But we must reverse the picture and see what 
love will do if exercised in the right way. 

Because of love for the cause and for his flock, the 
minister remained with his charge, although lie was 
offered a much larger salary at another point. Be- 
cause of love for a trespassing one, a good, kind- 
hearted brother went to him and told him that there 
was trouble ahead and that he wished to help him 
avoid it ; and did not tell it to the church first, nor to 
all those with whom he chanced to meet. Because of 
love for the souls of the heathen, our missionaries 
left all and went to them lovingly to plead the cause 
of Christ with them. Because of love for the minis- 
ter, a kind member came to him and told him of 
some blunder he had made, or of some misquotation 
in his sermon. 

The apostle Paul, in speaking about love to the 
Corinthians, surely understood his declaration when lie 
said, " And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these 
three ; but the greatest of these is charity." 

May we, as followers of our Savior, love more with 
that perfect love. 
IValnut, Kans. 



In the city of Chicago a few years ago, there was a 
little boy who attended , Sunday school at a certain 
place, and when his father moved his family to anoth- 
er part of the city the little boy. regardless of the long, 
tiresome walk, still continued to go to the same Sunday 
school. Upon being asked why he went so far to Sun- 
day school (because there were others nearer), he 
replied, ' They may be just as good for others, but not 
for me." " Why not? " was asked the little boy. To 
which he again replied, " Because they love a fellow 
over there." 

Just so in all of our church work ; because of a lack 
of love shown the discouraged ones they drift away. 
Because of a lack of love for God's Word we have lost 
interest in divine service. Because of a lack of love 
we were unable to gain our brother. Because of a 
lack of love, husband and wife separated, causing the 
home to be broken up and another dark blot to be 
placed on our nation's history. Because of a lack of 
love, two neighbors became involved in a quarrel 
which led to a lawsuit over a very trivial matter. 
Because of love being applied to the mammon of 
unrighteousness, almost exclusively to the utter neglect 
of his family, the father has paved the way to a ruined 
and scattered family. 

There came under the observation of the writer, not 
long since, a sad case which we will relate. It was 
the story of a brother, who had, for the sake of money, 
located his family where they were not under the in- 


December, 1904, marked the close of the fourth 
year of our Aid Society work ; and we begin the new 
year with encouraging prospects for success. 

Four young workers were recently added to our 
number, which increases our membership to 28. 

During the year fourteen meetings were held, with 
an average attendance of fifteen, and average collec- 
tion, $2.33. 

Total amount received, $32.64. We supported an 
orphan in India, sent a box of clothing and bedding 
to Brooklyn, and helped some needy ones in our own 

Our work consists chiefly of making comfortables, 
and clothespin aprons, although we do other sewing 
when called upon. We recently quilted two quilts at 
one dollar each, which we find very pleasant as well as 

We hope to accomplish more as we grow in numbers 
and experience. Lelia M. Culler. 

Jan. 7. 


In the year just past our attendance has been on 
an average twelve. 

Our work for the past year was mostly quilting 
and making comforts for others. 

We sent some clothing to those in need, and to some 
mission points. Donations for the past year were 
$12.75. Weekly collection for the past year, $18.47. 

Work done, $27.25. We pay $15 yearly to the Or- 
phanage in India, $10 to the Bible Department of Mc- 
pherson College. 

A number of sisters who do not attend do their part 
by paying so much a month, amounting to about $20 
a year. This is an opportunity for every sister to do 
good. Sisters, lend a hand, for it is a good work. 

Our incidental expenses for the past year were $34. 
Total expenses $59.02. Money in bank, $36. 
Maria Kuns, Pres. 

Ian. 3. Mary S. V. Harshbarger, Sec. 







Brethren Publishing House, 

publishing agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 

22 and 2+ South State Street, Elgin, ill. 


The First Brethren Church, of Philadelphia, was 
dedicated Jan. I, Bro. M. G. Brumbaugh preaching 
the dedication sermon. In the evening Bro. I. N. H. 
Beahm preached. Five persons applied for member- 
ship and were baptized. An interesting report of the 
dedication appears in this issue. 


D L Miller. Illinois, ) I J- H. Moore, - ■ Office Editor. 

H B Brumbaugh, Pa!, > Editors. Grant Maiian, Associate Editor. 

I! C. Earlv * Virginia, [ IE. Arnold, Business Uanager. 

Advisor; committo*. : 

W. R. Deeter. Edward Frantz. Geo. S. Arnold. 

f^-All business and communications intended lor the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House. Elgin. 111., and not to any 
lndiridual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, III., as Second class Mallet. 

Bro. Geo. Eller, of Grenola, Kans., should here- 
after be addressed, at Moline, Elk Co., R. R. No. 3. 
same State. 

Bro. Jacob Witmore and wife, of McPherson, 
Kans.. are now in California, and should be addressed 
at Lordsburg, Box 605. 

A revival meeting lasting two weeks was held in 
Altamont, Kans. Eleven persons, all young, were 
buried with Christ in baptism. 

At the St. Joseph, Mo., mission thirty-two have been 
added to the church since Thanksgiving. The re- 
vival meeting is still in progress. 

Bro. A. I. Heestand, of Smithville, Ohio, is to com- 
mence a series of meetings in the Richland church, 
Richland Co., Ohio, next Sunday morning. 

The Brethren of the Palestine congregation, Ohio, 
have in contemplation a new meetinghouse at West 
Branch. The house may be built next summer. 

If any of the Messenger patrons should not have 
received a copy of the Brethren Almanac for 1905, 
they will please write us without delay. We wish 
every subscriber to have a copy. 

Bro. R. M. Owen held a series of meetings at a 
schoolhouse, a short distance south of Larned, Kans., 
and had the pleasure of receiving five applicants for 

Those who may have occasion to write Bro. Hen- 

. ry Baker, Greenville, Ohio, will turn to his name in 

the Brethren Almanac for 1905, and mark his address 

R. F. D. No. 3. It is printed "No. 11." This is 

a mistake. 

Bro. J. C. Murray has tendered his resignation as 
pastor in charge of the church in Washington, D. C. 
His throat trouble makes a change necessary. The 
church is now looking for an efficient minister to 
take Bro. Murray's place. 

The church in Lincoln, Nebr., has not yet secured a 
minister to locate there and take charge of the work 
in the city. The Brethren are looking for a man of 
God, fully consecrated to the ministry. Address D. K. 
Reasy, Havelock, Nebr., Box 165. 

Those wishing to communicate with Bro. George B. 
Holsinger should, for the present, address him at 
Waldo, Kans. He is doing a" good work among the 
churches in the West. Churches wishing instruction 
and drill in vocal music, should confer with Bro. Hol- 
singer at an early date. While west of the Missouri 
river he would like to assist as many congregations 
as possible. 

Bro. S. M. Eby, well known to hundreds of our 
western readers, died of apoplexy Jan. 11, in Santa 
Ana, Cal. We have not yet learned further particulars 
of his death. Three days before there was an appli- 
cant for baptism and he administered the rite. This 
would indicate that he was then enjoying good health. 
Bro. Eby was a man of considerable mental ability, 
a clear thinker and a logical reasoner. 

We have on hand a number of very strong articles 
on the rebaptism question, as well as a number on the 
name question. Later on we may publish several of 
them in one issue. Our correspondents must not ex- 
pect us to publish every thing received on the subjects. 
Many would like to be heard but there must be some 
limit. So far as the strength and makeup of the ar- 
ticles are concerned it is our purpose to treat all sides 

A short time ago we published an interesting ar- 
ticle from Sister Barbara S. Funk, of Bedford City, 
Va., telling of her visit to the log hut at the foot of the 
mountain. Thousands of our people read the article 
and it touched the hearts and purses of scores of them. 
Some of them determined to make the poverty-stricken 
family happy' and placed in Sister Funk's hands means 
for that purpose, though no call was made in the ar- 
ticle for assistance. For a while our sister was kept 
busy answering the letters coming from all sections. 
The little invalid girl is delighted with the presents 
received, and Sister Funk writes that she is now 
having a house built for the family. 

Wherever Dr. Torrey holds a revival he never fails 
to stir up the people. He does some plain teaching 
and thousands make a profession of religion. But his 
work is not giving satisfaction, for it is reported that 
out of four thousand converts comparatively few 
have taken membership in the churches. The matter 
was brought to the attention of Dr. Torrey and he said 
it was because the churches are " spiritual cold ^stor- 
ages." Possibly the Doctor is not far from right. 
There can be no question but that the churches are 
spiritually cold and that in far too many instances 
they repel more people than they draw. We need 
not give this finding away, for some of our own con- 
gregations are too cold to be spiritually healthy. They 
need to be wanned up. This the Holy Spirit will do 
if we get far enough away from the world to give him 
a good opportunity to get at us. 

Readers of the Messenger, who have in mind impor- 
tant subjects they would like to have treated in our col- 
umns, will please write us. We may be in a position 
to accommodate them. Sometime ago a correspond- 
ent wrote us that the efficacy of the blood of Christ 
was not taught in the Messenger as fully as the 
Scriptures would justify. . We immediately sent the 
subject to one of our contributors, who is skilled in 
the Word, and requested him to write an article on 
the " Efficacy of the Shed Blood." Inside of a few 
weeks a well-prepared article on the subject assigned 
was on our desk, and in due time is to be laid before 
our readers. 

Bro. J. I. Fortnei!, of Aurora, Lawrence county, 
Mo., says that there are seven members living in and 
near Aurora, and that they do not have much preach- 
ing by the Brethren. He is very anxious to have a 
minister locate in that part of the State. He says that 
he has a nice little home of twenty acres, one-half 
mile south of the town, that he wall let a preacher 
have free, from one to three years, if he will come there 
and preach to the people. Of course he wants a 
minister whose life will prove a credit to the cause he 
is expected to represent. Those interested will write 
Bro. Fortnei-. Lawrence county is directly east of 
Carthage and Aurora is in the southeastern part of the 
county. , 

Bro. James M. Neff, of Kansas City, Kans., writes 
us that he has not been in good health for some weeks, 
and is just now recovering from an attack of the la 
grippe. He is thoroughly interested in his city charge, 
but finds that the northern climate is very hard on him. 
We should regret to hear of him leaving the field 
where he is so much needed. 

We are requested to say to the Sunday-school work- 
ers of Middle Pennsylvania, that Bro. Irvin C. Van- 
Dyke has resigned as District Secretary, and that Bro. 
M. C. Swigart has been appointed his successor. All 
money for the support of Bro. Emmert, in India, and 
all communications intended for the district secretary 
should therefore he addressed to Bro. M. C. Swigart, 
McVeytown, Pa. 


The report has been circulated that Sister Nora 
Arnold Lichty who has been more or less ill the past 
year, has died. The General Missionary and Tract 
Committee wishes to announce that they have every 
reason to believe the report false because of the follow- 
ing: First, no word has reached this office by letter 
to that effect. Second, missionaries are instructed to 
cable this office all deaths of American workers "at 
once. No cablegram has been received. Third, latest 
word by letter, later than it is possible for locality 
where report was first discovered, to have heard, states 
that Sister Lichty was improving, was out in the coun- 
try with her husband and helping to arrange their 
home at the new station. Fourth, Sister Lichty has a 
letter in the February number of the Visitor which 
was written only a few days before the latest news. 
Under ordinary circumstances the Messenger will be 
in a position to announce a death of a missionary 
in India at least three weeks before any word can come 
by letter, and it would be well not to give credence to 
such reports until it is so announced through these 
columns. Later. — Just as we were making up these 
forms for the press a letter arrived from Bro. Lichty 
saying, that the condition of his wife is more hopeful 
than any time before, that she is gaining 
that the outlook is real encouraging. 

in flesh and 


The Chicago Sunday school has hit upon a plan 
that should commend itself to hundreds of other 
schools, especially the larger ones. An assistant teach- 
er has been appointed for each class, and it is the 
duty of this assistant, when practicable, to be present 
and aid in the work of the class in whatever way 
may be deemed helpful to the pupils. Should the 
teacher for any reason be absent the assistant must 
be present and take charge of the class. Of course, 
there must be a mutual understanding between the 
teacher and his assistant, and when the teacher learns 
that he cannot be with his class he must notify 
his assistant in ample time so that he can make the 
necessary preparation. The plan properly lived up to 
will obviate the necessity of the superintendent sup- 
plying teachers to take the places of absent ones. We 
suggest that other schools give this method of sup- 
plying classes with teachers due consideration. There 
is much in it. 

Bro. H. J. Herren, of Watson, Mo., is a very care- 
ful reader of the Messenger. He has kept a record of 
all the baptisms, deaths, etc., reported in our columns 
during the year 1904, and says there were 4,148 bap- 
tized, 260 applicants whose baptism was not reported, 
226 reclaimed, 91 marriages and 1029 deaths of mem- 
bers. Of those not members. 138 deaths were report- 
ed. This report shows a falling off in the number bap- 
tized, there being 5,028 received into the church by 
confession and baptism in 1903. It is altogether prob- 
able that there were enough not reported to run the 
number up to 5.000 or even more. " The smallest 
number baptized in one month," says our correspond- 
ent, " was in April, when 165 put on Christ in the 
holy rite." In November 516 were baptized, this be- 
ing the largest number for any one month. More 
people come to the church during the winter months 
than during the other part of the year. This is be- 
cause we put forth greater efforts during the winter 
than in the summer. Most of our people belong to the 
laboring classes, and it is natural for us to conclude 
that in the winter, when we do not have so much to do, 
more attention can be given to the conversion of sin- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 

tiers. We do not say that this is the better way of 
looking at the situation, but it is the way we do. It 
might be well for us to think seriously about setting 
in motion a summer revival crusade. When all nature 
is at her best is the time we ought to have the most 
successful revival meetings. 


The names of isolated members and their relatives 
are still coming to our desk. As near as possible we 
would l.ike to have the names of all the truly isolated 
members in the United States and Canada. Our pur- 
pose is to hit upon some plan of helping them. We are 
also looking up members' children, who are not mem- 
bers of the church and do not have an opportunity of 
attending our services. While we are seeking methods 
of helping them also, there is a good way of reaching 
them with the Gospel, and that is for parents to have 
the Messenger sent to all of their children, brothers 
and sisters, who are not members and do not live in 
families where there are members. For this purpose 
the Messenger can be had on the plan set forth last 
week. If any of our people have children, not mem- 
bers, who are living away from the influence of the 
church, let them order the Messenger sent to them 
at fifty cents a year. It will cost you but fifty cents 
to have the Messenger sent to your unconverted son, 
daughter, brother, sister or friend. The paper may 
be the means of converting your son or your daughter. 
It may be the means, in the hands of God, of lead- 
ing a dear friend to Christ. Of course it will cost the 
House more money than this to print the paper aid 
send it to your children and friends. But the Gen- 
eral Mission Board wants to encourage you in seeking 
the salvation of others, and will make up the deficiency 
to the House. We suggest that parents, who have 
unconverted children out in the cold world, take hold 
of this excellent proposition. 


1 am not to write at this time of the joy of again 
visiting our dear missionaries after an absence of six 
years. To others is left the pleasure of writing about 
the coming of the new workers and the old visitors. 
It will suffice in this communication to tell of the first 
Lord's'Day spent on this, our third, visit to the mission 
station at Bulsar. 

This is the program observed, all services in Gu- 
jerati unless otherwise noted : Morning prayers at 
6:30 A. M. ; English Sunday school at 8:00 A. M. ; 
Teachers' Meeting at 8:30 A. M. ; Sunday school at 
9 : 30 A. M. ; preaching service at 10 : 30 A. M. ; street 
preaching at 2 : 30 P. M. ; English preaching at 6:00 
P. M„ and Christian Workers' meeting at 7 P. M. 
A day full of the Lord's work is the Sabbath at Bulsar. 
It was my privilege to attend most of these services 
yesterday. 252 were present at the Sunday school. 
Collection, $2.25. The giving was about unanimous. 
All classes were visited from the infant to the Bible 
class, and the attention and behavior of all was most 
commendable and might well serve as a model for some 
of our schools at home. 

The preaching service was full of interest. It was 
opened with song, Scripture reading and prayer. Then 
a chapter was read, by the leader reading one verse 
and the congregation responding by giving words and 
verses from memory. This was followed by a series 
of questions covering the ground of right living. 

First. " How many have been guilty of smoking 
during the week? " Two held up their hands confess- 
ing in this way that they had been smoking. 

Second. " How many have used bad language since 
last Lord's Day?" Many hands went up. It is to 
be noted that the words, bad language, do not include 
vulgar swearing. It means slang, the people here are 
not given to swearirjg, but slang, slang. 

Third. " How many have been guilty of lying ? " 
A number of those present admitted that they had not 
been free from this vice. 

Fourth. " How many have forgotten to say their 
prayers privately before retiring for the night?" A 
few had forgotten their private devotions. 

Fifth. " How many have read a portion of Scrip- 
ture each day during the week?" In answer to this 
question about two-thirds of the congregation held 
up their hands. 

Sixth. " How many have spoken a word of warn- 
ing to sinners since we last met?" The answer to this 
question revealed the fact that a large number of the 
native Christians had borne witness for Christ by 
speaking a word for him. 

Seventh. The above list of questions having been 
asked and answered as indicated, the members insist- 
ed that another be asked. It was put in the following 
form: "How many have been guilty of stealing?" 
No one confessed to this weakness, for it is best to 
call it a weakness where custom makes it a common 

While this questioning was in progress my mind 
was running over the congregations at home. I won- 
dered what the answers to these questions would have 
been if asked there. These people have had but a 
few years of Christian training back of them, at home 
we have centuries. Have you ever heard of members 
of the church at home neglecting their family altar, 
failing to read God's Word, forgetting to speak to 
sinners about Christ? Have you heard of professed 
Christians using slang and bad language, lying, steal- 
ing, or committing sin by violating the seventh com- 
mandment? If you have, do not feel surprised when 
you find that in far away heathen India, some of the 
natives, with but a few months or at most a year or 
two of Christian training back of them, give up their 
idols, accept Christ and are baptized, fall into tempta- 
tion and sin again. The only wonder is that more do 
not fall. 

The sermon following the questions was equally 
interesting. Two speakers occupied the floor. The 
entire congregation, with the exception of the visitors, 
sat Indian fashion on the ground. The first speaker 
used the English tongue, and the second, Brother 
Stover, translated the words into the vernacular of 
the audience, Gujerati. The most marked attention 
was given to every word spoken. There was not a 
sleeper in the entire congregation, numbering not 
far from three hundred natives. Every eye was 
turned toward the speakers and every word was anx- 
iously waited for. 

After the sermon I was interested to know how 
many were present whom we had met on our previous 
visit. Fifteen stood up, most of whom we recognized 
at once. We asked about the others, for at that time 
thirty-three had been baptized, and it was stated that 
ten had died, some were away at work and several 
had gone back to their idols. Tho'se who had gone to 
rest died as Christians. Only a few weeks before 
we came, Shevli, one of the orphan girls, a Christian 
for seven years, happily married, was called' home, 
leaving her husband and a little boy baby a few days 
old. It afforded opportunity to speak of those who 
had faithfully served Christ and had gone home to rest. 
Tears were shed and lasting impressions made. 

Then came the most important question of all: 
" How many are there now present who want to ac- 
cept Christ, be baptized and become Christians? ' 
fore this question was translated into the 
tongue, dear little Emmert Stover had risen to his 
feet, and when the congregation understood the full 
import of the question fifty-eight stood up expressing 
in this public way a desire to accept Christ and to 
follow him in all his ways. It was an inspiring scene. 
Those who stood were the more prominent because all 
the rest were seated on the ground. 

How our hearts were stirred within us and moved 
because of what we beheld, and the more so because 
it was unexpected. Our minds went back to the time 
when we first visited Bulsar, just nine years ago. Then 
Brother and Sister Stover and Sister Bertha Ryan 
were our only missionaries in India. There were no 
native members. I recall now most vividly how it 
seemed that manv years must pass before even a start 
could be made. And now a very -few years have 
passed and we are at Bulsar again. Two hundred 
and fifty-nine have been baptized here and here are 
fifty-eight applicants for baptism. Instead of three 
we now have twenty-six missionaries 

what has been done at Bulsar has been rnore than 
doubled at Anklesvar in the number baptized, besides 
numbers at Jalalpor. How wonderfully God is bless- 
ing the labors of those who have been made willing 
to work for him in India. 

The street preaching and the evening service in 
English were both well attended. A company of some 
twenty-five young men from the orphanage did the 
singing and most of the preaching. Brethren Stover 
and Emmert also took part in the preaching. The au- 
dience numbered from one hundred to one hundred 
and fifty. The services were continued until a quarter 
past five. The very best of attention was paid and 
the behavior better than in some places of meeting 
in civilized America. 

During the present week a series of meetings is 
being held in the orphanage meetinghouse in Gujerati 
by Brother Stover. Next Lord's Day the ordinance 
of Christian baptism will be administrated to those ap- 
plicants who upon careful examination arc found 
to be prepared for the rite. n. L. m. 




The future of any institution depends upon its 
working forces to maintain and enlarge itself. Chief 
among these in the Brethren church arc the ministerial 
work, the Sunday-school work, the young people's 
work, the educational work, the publishing work, the 
benevolent work in orphanages, old folks' homes and 
hospitals. On these varied instrumentalities, under 
God's blessing, the future of the church rests. A 
study of these in the future by the past will approxi- 
mately forecast the church's future. 

The ministerial work. Our future ministry will be 
of the strongest and best in talent, in learning, in con- 
secration, though a supported ministry. The future 
attitude of the church to take care of her ministers 
wdll direct her promising young men into the church 
work, instead of seeking their livelihood in Other 
fields of labor. The greatest care will he exercised in 
calling men to the ministry, so that only the most 
talented and those of the highest character will be con- 
sidered in connection with the office; and then these 
will undergo the most painstaking preparation and 
training for the work of their lives. They will be 
men of one work and one aim. They will be pastors 
and teachers and evangelists. 

Our present ministerial organization will undergo 
some changes, necessitated by approaching conditions, 
so that every man will have his place and work, and all 
this determined by the church. The lime must come 
when the ministers, as servants of the church, will be 
directed by (he church both in their place and kind of 
work. This is the only thing to insure uniform minis- 
terial appropriation. It will do away with the present 
ministerial congestion at some places and famine at 
other places so far as their is a supply. Of course it 
will take years io grow up to this, but it is certain ; 
and it will require the best wisdom of the church to 
direct these heavy adjustments and to take care of all 
the interests involved. Of all questions before the 
church at present there is none that means quite so 
much as this one. 

Our mission work in the last eighteen years, since 
the adoption of the present plan, has almost out- 
grown the law of solid growth, and it will continue to 
grow until there will he faithful missionaries in every 
land He who sits in darkness will see great light. 
Our methods of work will become the more compact 
and powerful as the yeans come and as the needs of the 
different fields are better understood. The endowment 
for world-wide missions, now approximately $700,000 
all told, will mount up into millions. The hearts of 
many will he so drawn toward the church and the 
saving of souls that they will turn over their entire 
estates to this fund ; while others will do a better thing 
by giving their children, sons and daughters, to carry 
on this great work of the kingdom of God. Like Han- 
nah with silent, quivering lips, the mothers of our 

coming missionaries 

India, and 

will consecrate their children to 
ice of God before they see the light, when the 
.reat promblem of missions will be solved. Conse- 
crated motherhood is the solution of nearly all perplex- 
ities in Christian work. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 

If the contributions to the general .work should con- 
tinue to grow at the same ratio in the next twenty 
years as in the last twenty, over eleven millions of dol- 
lars will be given in one year. Of course this is hardly 
possible, anyway not probable. This shows immense 
growth, and marvelous things may be expected in the 

The Sunday-school work. The moral interests of 
the young and rising are great. This is seen more 
clearly as the years come. And the importance of 
bringing the children under the influence of the church 
from the very beginning, and keeping them there, is 
felt more and more. Interest in the Sunday school, 
therefore, as an agency to help " bring up the children 
in the nurture and admonition of the Lord," is grow- 
ing deeper and deeper. The result of this is that the 
improvement, already so well begun, will continue, and 
the tide of the Sunday school's power will grow wider 
and wider. The whole Sunday-school system will be- 
come better organized, the lesson courses, with their 
treatment, will be greatly improved, the Bible will be 
studied more and better understood, all the literature 
will show beautiful design and the highest grade of ex- 
cellence, the teachers, in the course of time, will re- 
quire special training to teach, the classes will be made 
up of the gray-headed as well as the little prattling 
folks, and the time will come, if it is not here already, 
when the Sunday-school work will bring more people 
into the church than the preaching service. Every 
congregation will have its Sunday school the year 
through, whether in town or the country, and there 
will be scores of Sunday schools where there are no 
churches when our people get their eyes open as they 
will get them open. 

The young people's work. Not as a means of sepa- 
rating the old and the young in the church, for the 
same church is for both, but to maintain lively interest 
among the young in the church and to give suitable 
employment that growth and the highest development 
may be reached, a young people's department of labor 
has been provided. It is now in its beginning. What 
form and power it will take in the future can not be 
told at present. Its trend is not yet established. It 
promises to be a great matter. It behooves the church 
to keep a close watch over it. Let outlines of study 
be supplied, and let these be improved to meet the 
growing demand, and let the young people be held to 
the church by all means. h. c. e. 

(More Next Week.) 


While news from a distant country makes the heart 
glad, it is equally true that home news is acceptable 
and interesting. As the number of weeks and days 
shorten on the approach of the closing of the year, 
it is natural that there should be some crowding of 
events and work, because it is the time of taking in- 
-entories of the remains, which are generally more 
than is expected. And to get rid of some of the dead 
stock means pushing and some crowding. The short- 
age in the things to be done always gives more thought 
and vexation than the overplus disposed of. 

The year now past, on the whole, has been a busy 
one, and, we hope, not an unfruitful one. The number 
of accessions has not been quite up to the standard; 
yet some good work has been done. The Sunday 
school, the prayer meetings, and the different band 
meetings have been elements of strength to the church ; 
not only in helping souls to Christ, but also in keep- 
ing them at work and in servfee. 

During the latter part of the year, Brethren Har- 
vey Emmert, I. Harvey Brumbaugh, D. W. Kurtz 
and C. C. Johnson have been called and installed into 
the ministry. All are young men of earnestness, talent 
and large possibilities. And we bespeak for them 
good service for the Master. Give them the warm 
hand, the Christian welcome and the hearty God- 

On Christmas morning we had an excellent sermon 
by Eld. A. H. Haines, adapted to the occasion. In 
the evening we had a very interesting Christmas ex- 
ercise by the Sunday school. 

We are glad to learn that the teaching done is hav- 

ing more reference to conversion and bringing the 
children into a saving relation with Christ, that our 
teachers are feeling larger responsibilities, and that 
their work is to save souls. 

When men and women feel that they have a work to 
do, it brings to them an inspiration to do it and some- 
thing is done. 

Between the holidays we held what we are pleased 
to call a " Church Institute " consisting of our own 
members. There were six sessions in all, and the 
following subjects were discussed: Our Missionary 
Problem; The Field; Organizations; Our Resources; 
How to Train the Young and How to Awaken a Gen- 
eral Interest. 

Our Church — Its Mission; Its Latent Power; Re- 
lation to the Home; Relation of Pastor and Home; 
The Church and Our Young People. 

Our Sunday School: Its Mission; Its Relation to 
the Home; Privilege and Duties of Members towards 
the Sunday School; What may be expected of the 
Officers and Teachers; Teachers' Preparation— What 
and How. 

Our Evangelistic Work; The Necessity; The Work- 
ers; The Methods and Reflex Influences. Study of 
the Sunday-school lesson and a rally of all the organi- 
zations ; an address. 

Closing Services; Sermon on Elements of Power in 
the Church. 

The sessions were conducted on the " round table " 
plan, and were both interesting and edifying ..o the old 
and to the young. 

In many of our churches we need meetings of this 
kind, where all can take some part. It not only gives 
inspiration to workers, but it makes workers out of the 
indifferent — by giving them better conceptions of what 
church life means, and the service that should be ren- 
dered. It is hard to interest and care for people until 
they become awakened to the true relation which they 
sustain to Christ and the church. Obedience is poor 
stuff unless it is directed by intelligence and prompted 
by reflective duty. Slavish obedience is antagonistic 
to the voluntary, self-acting service of Christ which 
works by love. 

On New Year's evening, after the regular preaching 
service, we had an interesting' meeting in 
which we tried to impress our people with the desira- 
bility of living the Christ life by being loyal to the 
truth. And loyalty to the Scriptures ought to be 
loyalty to the church. Our policy has always been 
never to require obedience to anything without first 
giving the scriptural reason for it. Indeed, after all, 
forced obedience is not obedience at all. It is rebellion, 
it is compulsion — because it is done under protest and 
against the will. It is the obedience that the slave 
gives his master under the threatenings of the lash. 
Christian obedience is service rendered through love. 
And this is the kind of food we are trying to give our 
members. We encourage our people" to study the 
Scriptures in reference to right living, modest apparel, 
plain dressing and non-conformity to the world, and 
then, of their own free will, live it; not because the 
church says so, but because it is right. And it is 
right because the Scriptures so teach. 

In this meeting we had quite a full attendance, a 
good feeling seemed to prevail, and we hope good re- 
sults will follow. 

We are now looking forward to our Bible term, 
which will open on Saturday afternoon, Jan. 21, and 
continue two weeks. We hope to crow 1 so many good 
things into those two weeks that no on<= interested in 
the church and her work here can afford to stay away. 
Rich things in store for all — old and young. All are 
invited. Come at the opening and stay to the close. 

In addition to the home workers we will have with 
us Dr. M. G. Brumbaugh who lectures on Christ's 
methods of teaching; Eld. I. Bennet Trout, late from 
Bible Lands, lectures and evangelistic sermons; Bro. 
Galen B. Royer lectures on missiona;/ woik, etc.; 
Eld. T. T. Myers — Pastors Conferences. All this 
work will be given free of charge. Boarding, heated 
rooms and good beds, only $3.00 per week. When 
possible, even at a sacrifice, lay aside your daily voca- 
tions, come and spend a few weeks in preparing to do 
better work for the Master. h. b. b. 


Egypt is one great storehouse of buried informa- 
tion. The first dynasty dates back to about 5004 B. C. 
The country, even then, was far advanced in civiliza- 
tion. Then followed periods of prosperity, education, 
temples and monuments. Later, reverses came. 
Monuments and even cities were covered and pre- 
served by the shifting sands of the desert. Vast tem- 
ples, constructed of imperishable stone, went into ruins, 
and then there was almost a wilderness of ruins. 
Many of the buried temples, cities and monuments 
are being uncovered. Immense caves that have been 
sealed and lost sight of for thousands of years, have 
been discovered and made to give up their secrets. 
Below we give an account taken from the Independent, 
of some of these discoveries; 

Herodotus says that Hecataeus saw in Thebes the 
statues of 345 high priests of Amon, who had fol- 
lowed one another in regular succession. The story 
seemed incredible, but it is probably true. If true the 
value of it is that it would give scholars of ancient 
Egypt a connected chronology, and would justify lists 
of dynastic kings. These statues, and a multitude of 
others, M. Legrain has found. He has been engaged 
for some years in repairing and strengthening the 
famous temples of Karnak at Thebes. In his work 
last winter he hit on a great pit, in which were heaped 
pell-mell hundreds of statues. With them were over 
a thousand gilded bronze statues of Osiris. Before 
the season was over he had recovered 450 statues, and 
he expects to recover as many more. Among these is 
a great number of priests of Amon. In one case 16 
generations of a priest have been recovered. But the 
most remarkable statues are those of kings ; and they 
go back as far as the second dynasty. One can easily 
see the value of such an inscribed Valhalla for chro- 
nology and history. There is a statue of Cheops of the 
great pyramid, of the fourth dynasty, and two of the 
fifth; also five statues of the twelfth and thirteenth 
dynasties, including some kings previously unknown. 
The chef-d'ceuvre of the whole is a statue of Thothmes 
III, of the eighteenth dynasty, and it is particularly 
interesting because the profile of the face is European 
rather than Egyptian, and reminds one of the statuary 
of ancient Greece. The statue of the " Heretic King" 
Amenophis IV is in fossil wood, and evidently a por- 
trait. There is a good statue of Tirhakah, mentioned 
in the Bible. A valuable result is the proof that the 
twenty-first, twenty-second and twenty-third dynasties 
were contemporaneous. The probabilities are that 
these statues were regarded as too sacred to be de- 
stroyed, and were thrown together at the time when 
the Ptolemies were repairing the temples. 


The Sunday School Times thinks that people do not 
get as much good out of the dining-room as they 
should. It is suggested that the dining-room might be 
made the inner shrine of the home. Here the members 
of the family meet around one common table, presided 
over by the father and the mother. Here questions 
may be discussed, news of a profitable nature be told, 
and the best of manners taught and cultivated. No 
improper or unpleasant conversation should be in- 
dulged in. The table should he made a place of delight 
and enjoyment. Of Mr. Trumbull, the former dis- 
tinguished editor of the Times, it is said: 

The dining-rooms in his homes, when he was a boy 
sitting at his father's table, and later when he was 3 
father presiding* over a tableful of eight, were the 
centers of the best thought, both humorous and 
studious, of the family life. Often he used to tell of 
his invariable rule of keeping close by the table, as 
part of the dining-room furniture, a small bookcase 
containing dictionary, gazeteer, and biographical vol- 
ume. When the table-talk raised a question, as it 
did almost daily, as to the root meaning or pronuncia- 
tion of a word, or the facts in a prominent life, or the 
location of a place, the settlement of the matter was 
not left until " later " — which usually means not at all, 
— but one of the children would get the needed book 
from the near-by bookcase, and then and there a bit of 
authoritative information was added to the stock-in- 
trade of all present, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 


General Missionary and Tract Department 

£), L. HlLLBR, 

S. F. Sajjgbr, 

Illinois I H. C. Early. 
Indiana | A. B. Barnhart, 
John Zuck, Iowa. 



Those who have read about the Pundita Ramabai in 
Bro. Stover's book know what kind of a woman she is 
and what she desires to do for her sisters in India. But 
some things which she has learned about the way in 
which American women are becoming interested in Hin- 
du philosophy ha-ve given her a concern for them, and 
iit is reported that she contemplates coming to America 
largely for the purpose of starting a crusade against the 
; spread of this philosophy among women here. She is 
: shocked to learn that there are American women studying 
: and adopting the philosophy of the Hindus. She says 
regarding it: 

" As I was born and educated in that philosophy, hav- 
ing taken my degree of Pundita in it, I am acquainted with 
■ both its literature and its influence on my people, and 
I want to bear witness lo its degradation. To study 
Indian philosophy one must go to India and see its results 
: and learn to read the Shastas in the original. It is all 
nice to read pretty translations where much that is base 
and degrading is expurgated; but the original is quite 
another thing." And then she tells what the condition 
of her countrywomen is. The husband is considered a 
god, and the women are taught that in heaven they must 
be servants of their husbands as they have been upon 
earth. Whether on earth or in heaven, the Indian woman 
can never be free. The third place open to her is hell. 
The man does not go there to trouble her, and that is the 
only place where she can be free. That is what the Hin- 
du religion says regarding woman, and that is the only 
religion that is given her. The Christian religion, when 
given and accepted, frees the woman from her bondage 
to man, for it teaches that they are equal before God, 
that they are friends and companions, not master and 

Ramabai knows what she is talking about, for India 
is her home and she has learned what its philosophy 
and its religion promises the women. She found nothing 
lin either to satisfy, her. But she learned of Christ and 
(became a Christian, And now in her school for girls 
in Poona she is doing a great work, raising the girls who 
come under her care from the illiteracy and despair of the 
religion of their ancestors. She is teaching three hun- 
dred child widows in her school. When they come to 
her they believe themselves outcasts; and such indeed 
they are until they are freed by the law of Christ from 
their superstitious bondage. 

It would be sad indeed if so many of American women 
were to accept the Hindu philosophy that Ramabai would 
feel that she ought to leave her work and come over here 
in order to warn our women of the danger of their light 
acceptance of the teachings of the white robed, eloquent 
swamis and other Indian teachers. The workers in 
India need the help of men and women in America, that 
they may tell the glad news. They should not be com- 
pelled to convert any of the- enlightened people of this 
country from heathenism. Their work is in a land of 
darkness. Let them be helped, not hindered, in it. 

» <& 


Our quarterly council, and last one of 1904, passed off 
very pleasantly indeed, though there was so much to be 
attended to. It is the time when all the officers both 
for the Sunday school and church are elected for the 
new year, and it affords us much pleasure and is a source 
n f much encouragement to the workers in the Chicago 
church to be able to say that for the first time in its his- 
tory every teacher was given an assistant teacher, one who 
is expected to go right into the class each Sunday. We 
do not need to go many years back in our reveries to re- 
call the days when the " teacher" question itself puzzled 
us, and when the superintendent always had a class too, 
because teachers were so scarce; but now we have added 
three new classes to our list; each teacher is supplied with 
an assistant (the primary has three) and neither the 
superintendent nor the assistant will have to teach, but 
they can both busy themselves with the general over- 
sight of the school. And we are now past the 200 mark 
,r i our attendance, and are working for 300 for 1905. 
This is in the main Sunday school, and does not include 
the extension schools. 

The attendance at all the services has increased, and 
is especially inspiring at our Wednesday evening Bible 
classes, conducted by our pastor, Bro, Hoff. 

We are rejoicing daily that so many are remembering 
the poor, both with their money and clothing. 

Some dried fruit recently sent in, is being much ap- 
preciated by the families of the district, and they are 
always pleased at the suggestion of more of it. 

I would like to urge that all who send boxes of cloth- 
ing or eatables would please mark them, or else put a note 
inside, explaining where they are from, as it would save 
us a great deal of trouble when they reach us. Sometimes 
a number of them are delivered at once, and it is merely 
guesswork to know which comes from each place- 
Sunday, Jan. 8, was another red-letter day, when thirty- 
four awards were given to as many children for their 
regular attendance at Sunday school during the year 

One child has come regularly without missing a single 
Sunday for the last six years. Two have had perfect 
attendance for five years; quite a number for four, three, 
two and one year. And our Sunday school feels to show 
its appreciation by giving some kind of reward. For 
one year, a Bible is always given, and as each new year 
is added, some appropriate book is given. And thus, 
without bribing the children, they are encouraged to 
"neglect not the assembling of themselves together, as 
the manner of some is." 

These are bitter cold days, and with the poor they come 
almost unwelcomed, for with scarcely enough to be com- 
fortable in mild weather, how shall they do when such 
bitter cold days come? 

God bless all those who have so generously been re- 
membering the needs of "his little ones," and may they 
have fully experienced the joy that comes from true giv- 
ing. "It is more blessed to give than to receive." 

Cora Cripe. 

660 S. Ashland Ave., Jan. 10. 

«S> «> •$ 

The Mission Board of the District of Northern Illinois 
and Wisconsin met in regular quarterly session recently, 
with much important business. 

Bro. Henry J. Neff, of Rockford, 111., mission is under- 
going a heavy affliction, being under the care of an oc- 
ulist specialist who desires him to desist from any read- 
ing. This is very much regretted by his congregation 
and the mission board. This compels him to tender his 
resignation. Who will volunteer to take his place? 

Acceptable and favorable reports come in from our 
other workers, showing that the Lord is blessing and 
prospering the deeply consecrated workers. 

The Missionary Society of Mt. Morris College are at 
work with their bands, which are interesting and are 
proving helpful as incentives to more aggressive work in 
the mission cause by rendering programs such as enthuse 
to a higher degree in missions in the homeland as - in 
the foreign. Their efforts are being kindly received by 
the churches of the district and much appreciated. We 
trust the work will not cease until they have visited all 
the churches of Northern Illinois. The Chicago church 
work will in the near future be turned over to the district, 
giving additional work for our district board, for which 
we trust we will have your special prayers for wisdom to 
direct to his honor, and praise. Chicago workers are 
laboring hard to honor God's name and develop a greater 
degree of holiness in themselves and others, for which 
they are to be commended. 

In all the district the outlook in encouraging and hope- 
ful, just enough of the pessimistic to keep the work 
well balanced. Mission board -workers should have a 
large endowment of optimism, for the ever varying or- 
deals which it is necessary for them to encounter. 

How grateful we feel for the special interest the en- 
tire district manifests in our behalf. How thoughtful 
and kind of the district to provide constitutional by-laws 
as a criterion to be steered and governed by. 

With your assistance and continued prayers, we take 
courage and press forward, in his name for missions. 

C. H. Hawbccker. 

Frank'in Grove, 111., Jan. 6. 

<3> €> <& 

At last the church lot is bought. Securing a good lo- 
cation and getting just the ground needed for a church 
is by no means an easy task in such a great city, where 
land sells by inches. 

To make choice of a good location is an easy matter 
compared to the purchasing of it. In most cases there 
was more ground space than we desired, and it was a 
case of buying all or none. To buy a whole tract, and 
run chances of selling off, was more than we wanted to 
risk, as it meant a deal of many thousands of dollars. 
We only know how men do value this old earth when 
one tries to buy a little of it, and one only at such a 
time realizes how inconvenient it is to be poor. But the 
Lord has kept us trustful, and as his children we are 
looking forward to the time when the "meek shall in- 
herit the earth." In the meantime we will, by the aid 

sent us. pay for a little spot now bought and conse- 
crate it to his blessed service. 

The plot, 66x100, which we bought, is in a very de- 
sirable location, only one block from where we now are, 
and convenient to street car lines, both surface and ele- 
vated. We have about $1,000 pledged towards the house 
by our little band of Brooklyn members and others here 
and there is our dear Brotherhood. And we feel there 
arc others of the Father's children who desire to help 
us build this much-needed church; hence wc come to you 
with this easy plan. Sign your name to this pledge for 
one dollar a year for five years, cut the pledge out and 
mail it to us at once. If about five thousand of our dear 
people will do this, we can have a church iu a very few 

Subscription Pledge for the Brooklyn Meetinghouse. 
I hereby agree to give ONE DOLLAR a year for 
five years towards the erection of a Brethren's Meet- 
inghouse in Brooklyn. N. Y. I also agree to send above 
amount about January 1st of each year until paid to 
Brethren Mission, 5901 3rd Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

[Your Name] 

[ Post Office] ..[.....,...[ 

[Street Number] 


Date 190.... 

Cut this out and send pledge by return mail to J. 
Kurtz Miller, 5901 3rd Ave., Brooklyn, New York. 

"The Brethren's General Missionary and Tract Com- 
mittee are glad to slate that the Lord has greatly blessed 
their missionary efforts in Brooklyn, New York. In the 
past six years this mission has been a most promising one, 
and, if it continues to have your prayers and support, 
there is no reason why we shall not have a strong, active 
Brethren church in this cily in the very near future. 
About sixty have been baptized, and> with the few who 
have moved to this great city, our membership is sixty 
some. Our two Sunday schools for the English-speaking, 
and also for the Italian people, enroll toward 300 bright 
and promising boys and girls. We might as well say 500, 
but for lack of space in Ihe present renled store rooms, 
we cannot and dare not push out any fasler than we can 
accommodale the many who gladly conie lo our serv- 

You at once sec the pressing need of a churchhnuse 
uf our own iu this city, Surely God has opened up for 
the Brethren church this promising mission in the midst 
of more than four million souls, which is " Greater New 
York City." From this seaport, all our foreign mis- 
sionaries have sailed and, for (he most part, will sail in 
years to come, as wc continue lo obey Matt. 28; 19, 20. 
As these dear missionaries come and go, they need a 
stopping place among our people the few days they are 
obliged to stay in New York City; hence of all cities where 
we need a churchhouse it is here. 

There is no city which affords us a belter opporlunily 
of sending the Gospel lo the ends of the earth than this 
seaport city. Is not this opportunity God's finger board 
pointing out to us our duty? Wc ask you to pray much 
for our work, and as the Holy Spirit moves you to give — 
send us your offering until we arc self-supporting, 
The locating and building committee is: 

Eld. D. L. Miller, Ml, Morris, III. 

Eld. A. B. Barnhart, Hugerstown, Md. 

Eld. Jesse Zcigler, Royersford, Pa. 

Eld, J. Kurtz Miller, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Eld. M. B. Miller, New York City. 

Ephraim Slrayer, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Yours in the Masler's service, 

J. Kurtz Miller, Sec. 
5901 3rd Ave., Broukjyn, N. Y. 

♦ ^ «> 


The annua! report of the American board of foreign 
missions contains many interesting figures. The total 
amount of disbursements during the last year was $748,- 
308, an increase from the previous year of $7,785, and 
the excess of expenditures above receipts was $22,- 
737. The tendency of expenditures is upward, even while 
the basis of appropriaiions for the general work remains 
the same. This year the increase was due largely to the 
new efforls to enlarge the constituency through the young 
people's department. 

Additions to the conditional gift fund were $71,426. The 
fund, which six years ago was only $124,000, now amounts 
to $462,283. The regular work of the European Turkey 
mission is reported no less disturbed in the year under 
review than for the last three years. 
«• <5> <& 

It is a time for pressing forward in mission work. The 
opportunities are greater than ever before, which makes 
Ihe responsibilities of the church correspondingly greater. 
<?> $ <3> 

The Transvaal mission of the Wesleyan Methodist 
church reports 10,800 full members belonging to the native , 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 

Notes from Our Correspo ndent s. 

"As cold water to a ihirsty soul, so ia good news from a Jar country." 

Covina church met in council Jan. 

7, the election of 
church and" "Sunday-school officers being the principal 
business Dec. 26 our district Bible school commenced 
here and continued one week. The attendance was good. 
We all feel much encouraged.— Jennie Brubaker, Covina, 
Cal., Jan. 10. 

Egan church announces that she expects to begin a 
series of meetings on the evening of Feb. 11, and will 
hold communion on the evening of Feb. 18.— Mary Yoder, 
Hemet. Cal., Jan. 3. 

Inglewood church met in council Jan. 7. The principal 
business of the meeting was the reorganization of the 
Sunday school and election of church officers. Sister 
Susie Thomas was elected superintendent of the Sunday 
school and the writer assistant. H. A. Whistler was 
chosen church clerk. Our love feast was set for Feb 18, 
to begin at 2 P. M.— Lucinda Bollinger. Inglewood, Cal., 
Jan. S. 

Santa Ana.— Bro. D. L. Forney held meetings here for 
ten days, which closed Dec. 24 with a love feast. During 
these meetings he gave several talks .on India. A col- 
lection was taken, which amounted to three dollars, to 
be used for India missions. After the meetings closed one 
brother was baptized bv our home minister, S. M. Eby.* 
—Lizzie R. Pugh, Tustin, Cal., Jan. 8. 

♦Three days later, Jan. 11, Bro. Eby died of apoplexy. 

Grand Valley.— We held our council Jan. 7. Owing to 
the illness of Bro. Sharp, Bro. N. F. Brubaker presided. 
The church and Sunday-school officers were elected for 
the coming year. D. E. Fox is Sunday-school superin- 
tendent and C. L. Heiny assistant. One letter of mem- 
bership, a deacon's, was received.— Anna L. Bryant, Grand 
Junction, Colo., Jan. 11. 

Hope church met in council at this place Dec. 29. The 
undersigned was chosen corresponding secretary. Our 
elder, Bro. J. H. Gordon, from Sterling, was with us and 
held three meetings; but on account of sickness the at- 
tendance was small. — Efne S. Kinzie, Haxtum, Colo., Jan. 

Hotchkiss — We meet in council Dec. 31. Bro. Geo. 
Studebaker sent in his resignation as elder at this place. 
Eld. S. A. Honberger was chosen by the church in his 
stead. Bro. Honberger came to this place in November 
on account of his wife's health. Sunday-school officers 
were elected Jan. 1, Bro. J. G. Dove superintendent. Our 
average attendance is about thirty. Prayer meeting at 
6:30 P. M. each Sunday. Preaching services are held 
each Sunday by brethren S. A. Honberger and G. A. 
Dove. — Malissa Dove, Hotchkiss, Colo., Jan. 11. 
Batavia.— Our council was held Jan. 6. Our elder, J. 
H. Moore, could not be with us, and Bro. Lauver filled 
his place. Much business was disposed of in a satis- 
factory manner. — Alta Netzley, Batavia, 111., Jan. 8. 

Blue Ridge church met in council Jan. 4, with Eld. S. 
Heitz present. One member was received by letter and 
three letters were granted. The Sunday school was re- 
organized for the year by electing Bro. Ruius Robinson 
superintendent and brethren J. F. Burton and Geo. Hahn 
assistants. My trip to the White Rock church, Kans., 
proved both pleasant and profitable. I preached fifteen 
discourses and on account of having a limited ticket had 
to close the meeting too soon. Four came out on the 
Lord's side.— T. A. Robinson, Mansfield, III., Jan. 12. 
Blue River. — We held our council Jan. 6. Bro. John 
■ Stafford, our elder, took charge of the meeting. Eld. 
Leonard Hyre was also present. We held a choice for 
two deacons. The lot fell on brethren Samuel Harlin and 
Noah Shivley. Bro. Stafford staid and preached for us 
Sunday morning and evening. — Levi Zumbrum, R. R. No. 
12, Columbia City, Ind., Jan. 12. 

Elkhart City.-— We met in church council Jan. 10. Our 
elder was not present. Bro. J. V. Felthousc, our pastor, 
presided. Two were received by letter. Since my last re- 
port one was received by baptism and one reclaimed. We 
have a live Sunday school and Christian Workers' meet- 
ing. We have a teachers' meeting every Friday evening, 
preaching services every Sunday morning and evening. 
At the business meeting last evening we elected Bro. C. 
C. Kindig Sunday-school superintendent and Bro. J. H. 
Grosh assistant. Anyone wanting to stop over will find 
a welcome at our pastor's home, 600 Cleveland Ave., or 
at the home of the writer, 715 Garfield Ave. — S. C. Kindy, 
Elkhart, Ind., Jan. 11. 

Ft. Wayne church met in council Dec. 30. Sunday 
school and Christian Workers' meetings were both reor- 
ganized; nearly all the old officers were reelected for an- 
other six months. Decided to have a series of meetings 
as soon as we can secure a minister to help us. One let- 
ter of membership was received. Our Christmas exercises 
for the children were well attended and enjoyed. At 
Christmas day services a collection was taken for start- 
ing a new mission in Australia, amounting to over nine 
dollars. Our Sunday school is growing in numbers and 
interest.— Frances F. Long, 2218 Force St., Ft. Wayne, 
Ind., Jan. 10. 

Hawpatch church met in council Jan. 10, our elder, 
Michael Bowman, presiding. Church officers were elected. 
Jan. 8 our Sunday school was reorganized, with Bro. Jesse 
Miller reelected superintendent and Bro. John Keim as- 
sistant.— Fred P. Grcenawalt, R. F. D. No. 3, Topeka, 
Ind., Jan. 12. 

Ladoga. — En route to a visit to my dear old home at 
Ladoga, Ind., I had the pleasure of visiting the South 
Otlumwa mission, which has become endeared to me 
by working there the past year. I found our mission- 
aries happy and busy in the Master's cause. Eld. C. E. 
Wolf is doing a noble work for God, but he needs co- 
workers. I attended the Sisters' Wednesday afternoon 
prayer meeting. It was a delightful prayer service. 
Brother and Sister Wolf are laboring under great physical 
infirmities. Jan. 8 I attended services at Mt. Pleasant, 

near Ladoga, Ind., my first for three years. To be re- 
united with the Father's children at this place afforded 
me great pleasure. I found a band of zealous workers 
and as a result a flourishing Sunday school, Bible normal 
class and Christian Workers' meetings. They also have a 
good aid society.— C. May Manners, Ladoga, Ind., Jan. 12. 

Middle Fork.— Bro. Galen B. Royer preached at Pleas- 
ant View Jan. 8 at 10 A. M., and in the evening at 7. 
This was Bro. Royer's first visit to this church. His 
visit and labor were very much appreciated. We granted 
three letters since my last report.— John E. Metzger, R. 
R. 2, Rossville, Ind., Jan. 9. 

North Liberty congregation met in council at the Oak 
Grove house Jan. 7 with our elder, Bro. D. B. Hartman, 
presiding. As there was special work for the day there 
were seven visiting ministers present, among whom were 
brethren Hiram Krieghbaum, of South Bend, Bro. An- 
drew Rupel, of Pine Creek, and Bro. Amos Peters, of 
Wenatchee, Wash. Three new members were received 
by letter and one deacon was granted a letter. We re- 
organized Sunday school at the Oak Grove house with 
Bro. Charles Cripe as superintendent and Sister Elva 
Whitmer assistant. A choice was held for a minister, the 
lot falling on Bro. Charles Cripe. The electing of one 
deacon resulted in Bro. Frank Borton to fill the office. 
Bro. Jonathan M. Cripe was advanced to the full ministry. 
They were all duly installed.— Winnie E. Cripe, R. R. 2, 
North Liberty, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Pleasant Valley.— Bro. Quinter Calvert, from Lawrence- 
ville, 111., began a series of meetings at the Valley house 
Dec. 24. He preached twenty-one interesting sermons. 
Jan. 1 a young girl started her life anew. Jan. 8 Bro. 
Calvert conducted a children's meeting, which proved in- 
teresting and helpful to all. After services a young man 
was buried with Christ in baptism.— Iva M. Smith, R. F. 
D. No. 41, Union City, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Prairie Creek. — Bro. Aaron Moss, of Huntington, Ind., 
came to the Ratliff schoolhouse, in the bounds of the 
Prairie Creek church, Dec. 31 and remained with us until 
Jan. 8, delivering eleven sermons. Three dear souls ac- 
cepted Christ by baptism.— M. Josie Ratliff, R. R. 10, 
Montpelier, Ind., Jan. 9. 

South Union. — In the past year four have been received 
into the church by baptism. Our Sabbath school is in- 
creasing in interest. On New Year's day officers were 
elected for an ensuing term, with Sister Almeda Miller 
superintendent. Our regular meetings are attended quite 
well and interest is good.— W. E. Overholser, Nappanee, 
Ind., Jan. 9. 


Alt2mont. — Bro. C. A. Miller, of Walnut, Kans., came to 
us Dec. 24 and began a series of meetings the same even- ■ 
ing, and continued two weeks. Eleven precious souls 
were baptized, ranging in age from ten to sixteen years. 
Among the number were the writer's two oldest daugh- 
ters. Two more members were received by letter to-day, 
making a total of sixteen received by letter and thirteen 
baptized during the past fourteen months, and three let- 
ters have been granted.— E. E. Joyce, Altamont, Kans., 
Jan. S. 

Altamont.— Since Bro. Chas Miller, of Walnut, Kans., 
came to us Dec. 24, eleven precious souls have put on 
Christ in baptism. These were all Sunday-school schol- 
ars. We also received two by letter. An interesting 
feature of these meetings was the Bible reference meet- 
ing which was held several evenings just before preach- 
ing services. A different committee volunteered each 
evening, and they had the privilege of selecting any sub- 
ject they liked. Our meetings closed Jan. 8. — Nellie S. 
Cook, Altamont, Kans., Jan. 10. 

Eden Valley. — I began a series of meetings Dec. 25 at 
the Eureka schoolhouse, eight miles south of Larned; 
preached two weeks. Five precious souls came out on 
the Lord's side. Two were baptized last Sunday and 
three await baptism. In 1893 I came through here and 
worked a few days for Bro. D. S. Bowman. His was then 
the only family of Brethren in that neighborhood. But 
he has induced a goodly number of Brethren to move in. 
They now have a good house of worship nearing com- 
pletion. They expect to begin a series of meetings in 
the east end of the congregation, where they already have 
•a good churchhouse. Bro. G. W. Weddle is their elder. 
— R. M. Owen, Great Bend, Kans., Jan. 10. 

Holland. — On Christmas day our Sabbath school was 
reorganized, the writer superintendent and Bro. Harry 
Phillippi assistant. We invite our Brethren, neighbors 
and friends to be present with us. — A. H. Shetter, Dayton, 
Kans., Jan. 4. 

Independence church met Jan. 7 in council. Our elder, 
Geo. Eller, presided. Bro. Oiler remained with us over 
Sunday, preaching Saturday evening and also Sunday. 
The;e meetings were very helpful to us. We still have no 
resident minister, but have hopes of getting one in the 
near future. Brethren wishing to change their location 
will be heartily welcomed. Any such members can obtain 
desired information by addressing H. Jewett, Liberty, 
Kans., R. R. No. 2. — Ada Williams, Independence, Kans., 
Jan. 12. 

Kansas City.— During the month of December we held 
105 services, including preaching services, Sunday school 
sessions, Christian Workers' meetings, church, cottage 
and mission prayer meetings, Bible meetings and special 
services; 153 house-to-house visits were made, one com- 
forter and seventy garments were donated to the poor, 
thus rendering help to thirteen needy families. Four were 
received into the church by baptism. This amount of 
work for the_ Lord has only been made possible by the 
liberal support we are receiving from the churches, Sun- 
day schools, and Sisters' Aid Societies of our own and 
other districts. We have enjoyed an excellent series of 
meetings at the church, and are planning to begin an- 
other soon at our branch mission, whose regular services 
continue to be well attended. We trust that our breth- 
ren and sisters will continue to remember us in these 
substantial ways, but especially do we request that you 
earnestly pray that the Lord may bless our work here 
even more abundantly than ever before. — James M. NefT, 
21 N. Baltimore Ave., Kansas City, Kans., Jan. 10. 

Morrill. — Dec. 18 our Sunday school reorganized for the 
first quarter of 1905. Bro. J. H. Miller was elected su- 
perintendent and Bro. McKinnie assistant. The indica- 
tions are hopeful for an interesting and prosperous year's 

work. The collection of the last Sunday of every month 
is kept for missionary purposes. Our Christian Workers' 
meeting, is being carried on with much interest. — Mary E. 
Haldeman, Morrill, Kans., Jan. 12. 

Washington. — We have just closed a series of meetings 
conducted by Bro. R. A. Yoder, of Sabetha, Kans. He 
was with us one week. The church was much encouraged. 
Three precious souls were added to our number. A 
Christian Workers' meeting has also been organized. — 
Mary G. Gauby. Washington, Kans., Jan. 8. 

White Rock. — Jan. 4 closed a very interesting series of 
meetings conducted by Bro. T. A. Robinson, of Mans- 
field, 111., which commenced Dec. 22. We met each even- 
ing at 7:30 for song service and Bible study; preaching 
at 8. The meetings closed with a full house. Four came 
out on the Lord's side, three of " whom received the rite 
of baptism; one yet awaits the sacred rite. We reorgan- 
ized our Sunday school Jan. 1, with a full corps of of- 
ficers, with Bro. H. F. Flory superintendent and Bro. 
Orvil Switzer assistant. Our Sunday school is increasing 
in attendance. Our Thanksgiving collection amounted to 
$5.50, which was used for sending Gospel Messenger for 
missionary purposes. — Mary M. Jarboe, Lovewell, Kans., 
Jan. 9. 

Pleasant Grove church met in special council Dec. 31. 
Bro. I. L. Hoover presided. Bro. W. A. Kinzie was also 
present. At a former meeting Bro. Hoover was chosen 
as our elder for one year. The work at this place has 
been at a standstill, as we have had no regular preach- 
ing for some time. But Bro. Hoover has taken hold of 
the work and we hope the cause here may prosper. 
Brethren from adjoining churches are requested to be 
with us as often as they can and give us a few meet- 
ings. Our regular appointments are first, third and fifth 
Sunday of each month. Bro. W. A. Kinzie preached for 
us last Sunday. We expect to hold a series of meetings 
in the near future. — Martha Farth, Baldwin, Kans., Jan. 

Middletown Valley congregation met in council Jan. 2, 
Eld. Geo. S. Harp presiding. Bro. T. F. Grossnickle was 
reelected on finance committee. We decided to have an 
evergreen Sunday school. We met Jan. 8 and organized 
by electing Bro. C. F. Ausherman superintendent, and 
Bro. Geo. S. Harp assistant. — C. N. Frushour, Myersville, 
Md., Jan. 9. 

Root River church met in council Dec. 22. Owing to 
the absence of our elder, Bro. J. F. Souders presided. 
We reorganized our Sunday school for six months, with 
Bro. Chas. Vanderbie superintendent and Sister Katie 
Broadwater assistant. We also decided to have members' 
meeting the first Wednesday in every month. The sis- 
ters have organized - a Sewing Society which seems to be 
doing nicely. We expect to have some Bible study about 
the first of February.— Ella M. Ogg, R. F. D. No. 2, Pres- 
ton, Minn., Jan. 8. 

Fairview church met in council Jan. 7, brethren J. B. 
and B. B. Hylton with us. Two letters of membership 
were received. Sister Mattie Mortion will act as agent 
for the Publishing House in the Fairview church. Our 
Sunday school was reorganized, Bro. C. Clinc superin- 
tendent, Bro. J. B. Keeth assistant. Eight joined our little 
band last year out of the Sunday school. The young peo- 
ple's meeting is doing well. We have preaching three 
Sundays in each month. The young people's meeting is 
every Sabbath evening. Sister Lizzie Robertson, who has 
been very ill for one year, is now in the hospital at Spring- 
field, Mo.— Lizena Hylton, Olathe, Mo., Jan. 9. 

Jasper.— The missionary board of Southern Missouri 
and Northwestern Arkansas met in regular session, all 
being present. The first business was the transfer of the 
money and papers from the retiring treasurer to the new- 
ly elected one. This was a sad experience, as since our 
last meeting the brother who has held the office for many 
years and had asked to be relieved this last fall, passed 
over into his rest. Amount of cash on hand, $84.08. De- 
cided to advise each elder to preach or have preached a 
missionary sermon during the year, and have a collection 
taken up for home mission work. Collection not to be 
counted as part of assessment by district meeting. Re- 
port of secretary's visit to Waynesville, Mo., was then 
considered and decided to accept and use every available 
means to locate a speaker there. Our next meeting is 
to be held at Carthage, Feb. 11.— R. F. Bowman, Sec, 
Carthage, Mo., 1235 James St., Jan. 10. 

Poplar Bluff. — Jan. 7 in company with Bro. Sheets we 
went to fill my regular appointment at Little Brushy 
schoolhouse. The little house in the brush was crowded. 
We had arranged to return, wdien a young lady requested 
baptism. We stayed and had meeting that night which 
was shared by a minister of the Freewill Methodist, 
whose mother was a member of the Brethren, and is a 
native of northern Indiana. Monday morning some wit- 
nessed for the first time a precious soul buried in the 
likeness of Christ's death. Here is a chance for some 
active minister of limited means to locate and get a good 
home in a good settlement while land is selling at from 
$1.50 to $5.00 per acre. Who will come? Write for in- 
formation, enclosing stamp. — Ira P. Eby, Poplar Bluff, 
Mo., Jan. 14. 

St. Joseph. — Our protracted meeting, conducted by Bro. 
Garbcr'since Bro. D. A. Miller returned home, is still in 
progress, this week making the seventh week. During 
the past week there have been ten applicants baptized, and 
seven came out last night and had the order laid before 
them. The majority of those baptized since Thanksgiv- 
ing day are young people — thirty-two in all. — J. J. Noah, 
St. Joseph, Mo., Jan. 10. 

Waynesville. — Bro. R. F. Bowman, of Carthage, Mo., 
came to this place Dec. 24 and held a series of meetings. 
The attendance was good except during some of the bad 
weather. The meetings lasted until Jan. 2 when he was 
called home to the bedside of his father, a deacon in 
the church at Carthage, who, while doing some work up- 
on a scaffold, accidentally fell. The injuries, however, 
are not fatal. — G. P. Burrow, Waynesville, Mo., Jan. 6. 

Kearney church met in council Jan. 7. There was a 
Kood attendance. Our elder. S. M. Forney, presided. 
Three letters were granted. We very much regret of our 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 


mister Ira. C. Snavely and wife leaving us in the near 
fiture for Michigan, as they have been some of the lead- 
. a mong us for a good many years. Most of the of- 
ficers both in the church and Sunday school had been 
hanged previous to this meeting, each one beginning the 
>w work the first of the year.— Martha E. May, R.- F. 
p No. 3, Kearney, Nebr., Jan. 9. 


Cando church, at both of her houses, keeps up her ever- 
green ser vices ill the preaching, Sunday school and Chris- 
nan Workers' departments, although it does get thirty 
below zero occasionally. Just now many of the mem- 
bers are absent on visits to their old home churches down 
eas t and elsewhere. Last week Bro. Chas. S. Meyers, 
of Cando, came near losing his life by suffocation from 
. as working at his gasoline engine. — M. P. Lichty, Zion, 
I Dak., Jan. 9. 

Deslacs Valley church met in council Jan. 7. Our elder 
n0 t being present, Bro. J. C. Forney presided. We re- 
organized our Sunday school, with Bro. P. A. Miller su- 
perintendent and Bro. M. F. Harris assistant. Seven let- 
ters were granted. Church officers were elected for the 
year. We have preaching every two weeks, and social 
meeting every Sunday evening. Bro. J. C. Forney has lo- 
cated among us, and his labors are much appreciated. 
The writer was chosen Messenger correspondent. — Jennie 
Harris, R. F. D. No. 3, Kenmare, N. Dak., Jan. 9. 

Notice. — To the elders of the several local churches of 
the- State District of Northern Minnesota, North Dakota 
and Assiniboia, Canada: In accord with decision ren- 
dered in the late district meeting of Surrey, N. Dak., the 
money for district expenses, ten cents per member, also 
district meeting expenses, ten cents per member, are due 
since Jan. 1, 1905. Send all remittances to S. S. Petry, 
Dist. Expense Treas., Berthold, N. Dak., Jan. 9. 

Red River Valley church met in council at the home of 
Bro. George Svvihart Jan. 7. The members, though few 
jn number, seemed much encouraged. — Bessie Brower, 
Mayville, N. Dak., Jan. 8. 

Sentinel Butte. — There are only two families of Breth- 
ren living here in what is called the Golden Valley, in 
tlie western part of Billings county, North Dakota. We 
are very anxious to have some Brethren move here and 
help build up a church. We believe this to be a good 
fanning country. There are still some homestead lands. 
We feel our isolation very much. Brethren thinking of 
changing location we would be glad to have come here. 
Anyone desiring further information will* please address 
me.— J. H. Stryker, Sentinel Butte, N. Dak., Jan. 11. 


Canton. — After closing a very interesting ten days' Bible 
institute at Girard, 111., I spent two days in district Sun- 
day-school institute near Fostoria, Ohio, and came to Can- 
ion Bible Institute Jan. 4, and remained until night 
of January S. Much interest was taken in the Lord's 
work at both those places, and we have reason 
to believe good was accomplished. The school at Can- 
ion, Ohio, is well attended and is doing good work. It 
is gratifying to one in school work as long as the writer 
lias been, to know that our people are so generally wak- 
ing up and laying hold of educational opportunities af- 
forded. The Lord bless abundantly all our schools, and 
the self-sacrificing workers in them.— J. G. Royer, Pitts- 
burg, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Lima. — Dec. 10 Bro. Spidle, of Shirleysburg, Pa., began 

series of meetings and continued till Dec. 25. Jan. 1 
Bro. Kintner preached his farewell sermon. He left Jan. 
7 with family. We regret very much to have them leave 
We hope he may be restored to his former health. — 
Maggie Kauffman, 720 Linden St., Lima, Ohio. 

Loramies.— Dec. 24 Bro. George Mohler, of Pleasant 
Hill church, Ohio, came to us and assisted in a series of 
meetings. He preached twenty-one sermons. The inter- 
■st manifested was good. We feel that much good seed 
lias been sown. — Mary Hoover, R. R. 1, Dawson, Ohio. 
Jan, 10. 

Middle District.— Bro." D. C. Campbell, of Colfax, Ind., 

eached for us Jan. S at 10: 30 A. M. and also" in the 
evening. He gave us a very interesting lecture about his 
'ravels from Jerusalem to Jericho. The half hour song 
service is also inspiring.— Jos. H. Stark, R. R. No. 1, 
Tadmor, Ohio, Jan. 9. 

Palestine church met in special council Jan. 6, Eld. D. 
M. Garver presiding. We met for the purpose of mak- 
ing arrangements for the building of the new church- 
house, which is to be built at West Branch this coming 
summer.— Lucy Baker, R. R. No. 3, Greenville, Ohio, 
Jan. 10. 

Sand Ridge. — We have just closed a very interesting 
series of meetings, conducted by Bro. Boyt H. Funk, of 
Bedford City, Va. No accessions.— J. E. Roberts, Gallup. 
Ohio, Jan. 10. 


Alva. — Bro. Jake Funk, of Conway Springs, Kans., 
preached for us nine sermons. The members feel very 
much strengthened. We all feel benefited by his coming. 
— Ahce Eby, Alva, Okla., Jan. 10. 

Mound Valley church met in council Jan. 5, with our 

der, N. S. Gripe, moderator. Two letters were granted 
2nd one received. A few weeks ago we granted six let- 
ers, Any one thinking of a change, write us and we 
£vil] gladly give what information we can. We organized 
UUr Sunday school, with Bro. Lenny Dodd superintend- 
ent and Bro. Van Goodman assistant. Our Sunday school 
moving along very nicely for the winter. — W. B. Gish, 

,Q mas, Okla., Jan. 8. 


Myrtlepoint.— Our council was held yesterday. Two 
flections were held for different missions. Some thirty- 
th° Bu" ars was ta ^ en - New officers were elected for 
&a l e societ y for the next three months. The Sun- 
fejij ^J 00 . 1 elects its own officers- Bro. J. S. Secrist and 
°- Willie Barnette are at home again after an absence 
Ilihl e months laboring in the other churches. Our 
be»* s , 0ciet y is moving along nicely. Bro. Secrist will 
ren u Blble sch ° o1 a week from to-night. The breth- 

_, ar ? holding a three weeks' meeting up Kitchen Creek. 

^nme Barklow, Myrtlepoint, Oregon, Jan. 9. 
bant^ erg ' — J an - * two precious souls put on Christ in 


A young peoples' Sunday-school class had made a special 
offering every fourth Sunday since Easter Sunday for Port- 
land mission, which has amounted to $18.27. Sister M. 
Parrel gave $5 to the Sunday-school children last spring 
to use and return with profits for Portland mission. 
Amount returned by them to date, $19.50. Amount that 
has been collected in full, $43.52.— Ella Moomaw, New- 
berg, Oregon, Jan. 6. 


Back Creek.— As result of our meetings held by Bro. 
CD. Bonsack at the Shank churchhouse, 'two more, be- 
sides those reported of our Sunday-school girls, were add- 
ed to the church Christmas day. We have started a Home 
Department m our Sunday school. Our Christian Work- 
ers' meetings and Sunday school are moving on quietly. 
We arc hoping and praying for preaching services every 
Sunday instead of every four weeks. — Frances M. Leiter, 
Milnor, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Correction.— In the last issue of the Gospel Messenger, 
under the heading of " Fallen Asleep," above my signa- 
ture of the death of Bro. George R. Rager, you have it 
Royer. Please make the correction. — L. R. Brallier, 
Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Dunnings Creek. — Dec. 14 our series of meetings be- 
gan at what we call the Point house, conducted by Bro. 
M. J. Weaver. The meetings continued until Dec. 22, ten 
interesting sermons. Half an hour previous to the regu- 
lar hour for preaching service we met for song service and 
Bible study. While there were no accessions, yet the 
meetings were well attended and good impressions were 
made. Our Sunday school closed Dec. 25, the school re- 
ceiving their Christmas treat. Our enrollment was fifty, 
only eleven of whom were members of the church. A 
few short talks were given at the close of the exercises. 
— M. S. Miller, Point, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Mechanic Grove.- — Jan. 1 we closed a series of meet- 
ings at. the Grove house, conducted by Bro. John Kline, 
of Elizabetbtown. Feb. 5 we expect to open one in 
Quarryville conducted by Bro. Samuel Hertzler. Our 
evergreen Sunday school is moving along nicely. — Mary 
P. Habecker, R. F. D. No. 3, Quarryville, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Meyersdalc— The annual council was held Jan. 2. The 
auditors' report on the financial work of the past year 
was accepted. It was decided that there be two preach- 
ing services at Meyersdalc each Lord's Day, one at 10 
A. M. and the other in the evening. The reports of the 
Christian Workers and the Sisters' Aid Society were sat- 
isfactory. Both did good work during the past year. The 
Christian Workers' association have decided to apply the 
money now in treasury and that that will in the future 
be collected to purchase a library. We would be very 
much pleased if those that ha've experience in such work 
would be free to give some aid in selecting books and 
how to conduct the same. Eld. C. G. Lint, Eld. J. W. 
Peck and Sister Ida C. Shumaker are a committee ap- 
pointed to secure said books. Christian Workers organ- 
ized for the present year, Emma Deckey president; Sunday 
school, Harvey C. Miller superintendent; Sisters' Aid So- 
ciety, Linda Griffith president. Ida Fike secretary, Eld. 
C. G. Lint corresponding secretary for the congregation. 
We have also paid our quota on the Pittsburg church and 
parsonage in full, and a mite over. For this our mem- 
bers are to be commended— C. G. Lint, Meyersdalc, Pa., 
Jan. 9. 

Norristown church met in council last evening, with 
Eld. A. L. Grater in charge. Two letters were granted. 
The " Gospel Songs and Hymns No. 1 " are to be intro- 
duced into the Sunday school. As we ar weak numeric- 
ally and financially, if any persons or schools have been 
using this book and would feel to part with them wc 
could use them to a very good advantage and would 
be glad to pay the transportation charges on them, if 
they first drop the writer a postal naming the number 
that are to be sent. We have quite a number of poor 
children and the school has been steadily growing. — 
T. F. Imler, Norristown, Pa., Jan. 13. 

Raven Run church met in council Jan. 7, our elder, S. 
I. Brumbaugh, presiding. Two letters were granted. 
We reorganized our Sunday school, with Bro. Fred 
Hoover superintendent, Bro. Philip Ritchard assistant. — 
Sadie V. Reed, Riddlesburg, Pa., Jan. 11. 

Ft. Worth. — The Sunday-school meeting of Texas and 
Louisiana met in the Roanoke congregation, La., Dec. 28. 
The talks on the topics were interspersed with a few 
well-prepared essays. Many thoughts were presented fn 
the discussion that would enhance the interest and good 
"of the Sunday schools if put into practice. The attend- 
ance was good considering the cold weather. — A. J. Wine, 
Sec, Ft. Worth, Texas, Jan. 10. 


Pleasant Hill church met in council Jan. 7. Eld. Owen 
Barnhart presided. All the old officers were reappointed 
for another year. Eld. A. N. Hylton and wife asked for 
letters; they have moved in the bounds of Topeco con- 
gregation. We regret very much to give them up. A 
goodly number have been made willing to forsake sin. 
—A. Slusher, R. F. D. No. 1, Willis, Va., Jan. 9. 

Redoak Grove church met in council Jan. 7, with Eld. 
Samuel Spangler presiding. The building committee gave 
us their plans for the new churchhouse we contemplate 
building in the spring. Jan. 3 one of our young ministers, 
Bro. C. E. Williams, gave us a good talk, followed by 
Eld. Samuel Spangler. — Ella Bowman, Epperly, Va., Jan. 


Centralia church met in council Jan. 7, our elder, Bro. 
Levi Whistler, presiding. Two letters of membership 
were granted and two received. Bro. Boon and Bro. 
Peters, from Olympia, were with us. We reorganized our 
Sunday school and young people's Bible society. Bro. 
Chas. Ives is Sunday-school superintendent, and C. A. 
Wagner president of the Bible society. Next day one 
dear voung soul was baptized. — C. A. Wagner, Centralia, 
Wash., Jan. 9. 


Burlington. — We closed an interesting series of meetings 
at the Welton schoolhouse, which commenced Dec. 27. 
Bro. Emra T. Fike did the preaching. He preached ten 
sermons. Saints were encouraged. We had a crowded 

house most of the time.— Peter Arnold, Burlington, W 
Va., Jan. 7. 

Sandy Creek congregation (Salem house) met in coun- 
cil Dec. 31, Eld. Jeremiah Thomas presiding. Missionary 
solicitors were elected. We closed our Sunday school 
Dee. 25. After going through with the regular lesson we 
had a special service for the children, which consisted of 
declamations and select reading. Eld. Jeremiah Thomas 
gave us a very pointed talk. Bro. Harrison Guthrie also 
gave us a short address. Our Christian Workers' meeting 
is progressing very nicely. Decided to hold an election 
for another minister next council. — James M Thomas 
Clifton Mills, W. Va., Jan. 11. 


" Write what thou s 

ml it unto the churches." 


Sunday School Extension No. 2. 
One year ago this school was started with Bro. M. R. 
Myers as superintendent. The attendance that day was 
sixty-eight. At first the folks came from the church, 
which is about a mile. After awhile they gradually 
dropped off until only a few continued to come. By that 
time the school assumed permanency in the section where 
it is located. 

Jan. 1 we had our Christinas exercise. We made the 
children prominent in the entire exercise even address of 
the pastor (Bro. Hoff) was more especially to the chil- 
dren. At the clase wc treated them to candy and an 
orange. Otic little boy was given a Bible for perfect 
attendance. You ought lo have seen him when it was 
handed to him; his little face beamed with delight. His 
-parents are Catholics, They were very much pleased that 
he received the Bible. I told them, " I hoped that book 
would be his guide through life." His mother said he 
certainly must read it as soon as he was old enough. 
That day we had the largest attendance we have yet. had. 
There were about 115. All seemed to enjoy hearing the 
children speak. 

The extension committee is contemplating starting the 
third school. But nothing definite has been decided. We 
want to try to select the most suitable place for the 
school, so wc think best to go slowly in deciding. 

The committee feels that the Sunday School Extension 
book has been an incentive to help raise money for this 
work. Wc receive words of the highest commendation. 
Many have gotten the book. We still have more on 
hand. Others can have it, who will help enlarge the 
extension fund. Most of those who have gotten the 
book have contributed liberally. The committee is very 
grateful and thankful for every cent that is given. God 
will bless and reward you for your gift. 

Some have asked us to report the names and amounts 
given, in the Messenger, Visitor or Young Disciple. Wc 
cannot do this; it would take up too much valuable space 
in these papers. We acknowledge by letter the receipt 
of all that comes into the hands of the committee. The 
committee has decided to make out an annual report. 
In it will appear the names and amount( as far as wc have 
it) given by every boy, girl, man or women. We will 
try to send one Lo all who want a copy. • 

Our plan for this year is lo send a few packages of 
garden seeds to all suitable congregations, have them 
distributed to those who will have them, and later the 
proceeds come to this fund. Wc here add, the farmers 
might set apart an acre of corn to be used for the Lord's 
work in this wicked city. 

When Bro. W. R. Miller resigned being treasurer of 
this fund, because of his going abroad, Bro. M. R. Myers 
was appointed to take his place. Later on it became 
necessary for Bro Myers to be away a good deal, so the 
writer was appointed assistant, and attends to all the 
correspondence of the committee's work; also was elected 
superintendent of Extension No. 2 for this year. 

Pray for this committee that it may be guided by the 
Holy Spirit in planning for and carrying on this work. 
We want to please the Lord in our work. 

C. Tcmpic Sauble. 

454 Jackson Blvd., Jan. 5. 


I have just finished reading the January number of 
the Visitor and the first issue of the Messenger for 1905. 
They are both full of good things. Your outline for 
1905 is just what we want. I hope your sentiment along 
Christian endeavor lines will meet with a hearty response 
throughout the entire Brotherhood. 

You refer to three great needs along the line of chang- 
ing methods. We must have them to be successful in 
endeavoring to save the church for Christ, and to bring 
sinners to God. 

I am pleased with what has been recently published in 
the Messenger in regard to a plurality of ministers in 
the same congregation. My observation and experience 
have been that a change along that line would be good/ 
and a transition from a free to a supported ministry is 
one of the coming events of the church. I hope that wc 
will all not be afraid to teach along the line as given by 
Christ and the apostles. John Barnhart. 

Mansfield, 111. 

4 6 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 


The revival meetings, which commenced on Thanks- 
giving day, are still in progress. Our elder, D. A. Miller, 
of Kidder, Mo., who had been with us for three weeks, 
returned home Sunday morning, and will recuperate for 
a week, when he will go to Kansas to hold a series of 

During the revival, to date, there have been twenty- 
two applicants baptized, and there are six others to 
be baptized as soon as they arc ready. 

Friday night, Dec. 23, our regular quarterly council 
was held, and we had a very pleasant and profitable meet- 
ing. The following officers were selected for the ensuing 
year: Clerk and trustee, Ero. J. J. Noah; treasurer, Bro. 
H. G. Kennedy, and correspondent, Bro. Noah. Also the 
following Sunday-school officers: superintendent, Sister 
J. J, Noah; assistant, J. W. Garrett; treasurer, Bro. Bert 
Baldwin and secretary, Bro. John Woodle. 

Our church building was dedicated to the service of the 
Lord Christmas morning, Eld. D. A. Miller preaching 
[he dedicatory sermon. The services were well attended, 
many visiting brethren and sisters from abroad being 

In the afternoon the Christmas exercises by the Sun- 
day-school children were had. The exercises were very 
good and greatly appreciated by the large audience pres- 
ent. After the exercises the children were given a treat. 
In the evening was our love feast. There were seven- 
ty-five members at the tables. The feast was a beautiful 
and glorious affair, and was witnessed by a very large 

The visiting brethren and sisters were entertained with 
meals in the kitchen annex of the church building, from 
Saturday evening until Monday morning, all of whom, 
with others, could not say enough in praise of the St. 
Joseph Brethren church. 

Our Sunday school is increasing in numbers and in- 
terest, but there are many more who would attend if 
they had the proper clothes. There is room, indeed, for 
mission work in this vicinity. Those wishing to send 
clothing can send it to C. S. Garber, Fairview House, 
Swift St., St. Joseph, Mo. J. J. Noah. 

South St. Joseph, Mo., Jan. 2. 


The Bible school, Sunday school and missionary meet- 
ings of the California-Arizona District were held at 
Covins, Cal., Dec. 25 to Jan. 1. The Bible school occu- 
pied the first four days of the meeting. The attendance 
was good and much interest manifested in the work. 
Each day there were two sessions, each generally com- 
posed of a lecture and a lesson. The work was carried 
on in an instructive and inspiring way. Especially the les- 
sons on church history, by W. C. Hanawalt, caused old 
and young alike to feel a deeper interest in the past history 
and future prospects of the church. 

Friday was Sunday-school day and showed the largest 
attendance of any day of the meetings, which indicates the 
faith the Brethren of this district put in Sunday schools. 
The trend of this day's discussion was how to make the 
Sunday schools do more effective work for the church. 

On Saturday we had a missionary meeting. The sub- 
ject of how to win and keep our boys and girls stirred 
the speakers to enthusiasm. Many valuable thoughts and 
suggestions were made, which if carried out will be of 
undoubted benefit to the cause. 

Sunday, Jan. 1, was the last day of the meeting. The 
usual Sunday-school period was given up to talks to the 
children, after which Eld. J. Witmore, of Kansas, preached 
about Christ and the Samaritan woman. In the afternoon 
J. Z. Gilbert talked on the subject of " Our Whereabouts." 

During the week Bro. D. L. Forney favored us with a 
series of lectures on India. A collection taken up for the 
work in India amounted to $37.44. His talks were deep- 
ly appreciated and a lively interest in foreign missions 
was slirred up. Harry Brandt, Sec. 

Covina, Cal., Jan. 2. 


As we enter upon a new year it is but reasonable that 
we should look back over the year's work. The year 
has been one of more than ordinary activity and success 
along certain lines. Two Sunday schools were kept open 
the entire year, and one nine months. The Missionary 
Reading Circle held weekly meetings in Hooversville; 
three public love feasts were held; two elders were or- 
dained, a local Sunday-school meeting was held and 
also the district Sunday-school meeting; four series of 
meetings were held, aggregating about nine and a half 
weeks' preaching. 

Besides attending to our home appointments, which 
average about eighteen a month, two of our ministers 
assisted in filling the regular appointments in the Ligo- 
nier Valley church, an adjoining congregation, while an- 

other of our ministers held several series of meetings out- 
side of our congregation. 

We also inaugurated a plan to sustain a missionary in 
India, but through Bro. Swigart's death, we failed in 
getting a man on the field this year, and so the first year's 
support has been put in a bank. Bro. Swigart preached 
for us over three weeks at oqr various meeting places 
in addition to the above mentioned series of meetings. 
At least seven of our sisters called for the anointing. ■ 
We entered the year with 269 members. Gained by 
baptism, 37; by restoration, 7 and by certificate, 12; also 
baptized 8 who live in adjoining congregations. Our 
losses were, by death 4, and by letter 16. Present mem- 
bership 305. The church is in peace and love, but we re- 
gret to notice the tendency of some of our young mem- 
bers to depart from the principle of nonconformity to 
the world. Pray for us that 1905 may be a year in which 
much good work for the Master will be accomplished. 
In his name, 

Jerome E. Blough. 
R. F. D. No. 1, Holsopple, Pa., Jan. 4. 


At the business meeting of the Christian Workers, 
held Dec. 31, a reorganization was effected. 

Having met with such marked success in our endeavor- 
ing to have each leader lead in the opening prayer, we 
felt that a change of officers would be quite advantageous. 
By so doing more of our young members may become 
more efficient in the different lines of work connected 
with their several offices. 

Whereupon the meeting passed the following amend- 
ment to oar constitution: 

That no officer shall succeed himself or herself. Fol- 
lowed by the suggestion that the experienced be ready 
to "lend a hand" at any time should the inexperienced 
need any assistance. 

During the year we held forty-three regular meetings, 
nine special, and four business meetings. Amount of col- 
lections during year, including special collection for India 
missions, was $46.50. 

Having in treasury $31.65, we decided unanimously 
that the money in treasury at present and all amounts 
collected in future (aside from the general expenses) be 
appropriated for the purchase of books for the library. 

Our enrollment during year was 89, with an average 
attendance of 55. Several dropped out for various rea- 
sons. At present we have an enrollment of 79 with an 
average attendance of. 48. One of our number was called 
away from our midst very suddenly by the hand of death, 
and one resolved to serve sin no longer but to walk in 
newness of life. 

Thus ended a very helpful and profitable year in Chris- 
tian work Ida C. Shumaker. 

Meyersdale, Pa., Jan. 5. 


New Year's day of 1905 was one of those enjoyable days 
in the history of all churches, the dedication of our new 
house of worship in the Bowbells congregation. How 
happy we were all made, to be able to meet together in 
divine services on this beautiful New Year's day, to wor- 
ship and praise him who so richly blessed us so we could 
build him a house. 

As at the time of the dedication of Solomon's temple, 
joy filled the hearts of each member present, and those of 
our dear brethren and sisters from adjoining churches. 

Seven long years have we been looking forward to this 
happy event in the frontier of northwestern part of North 
Dakota. Like David, " I was glad when they said unto me, 
Let us go into the house of the Lord." Psa. 122: 13. 

To begin the new year with a new house of worship, 
making new resolves and promises to live better Chris- 
tians lives by deeper consecration in the new year, to do 
more and better work for the Master's cause, was the 
one and great desire of all present. 

Bro. Geo. Strycker, of Surrey, N. Dak., preached the 
dedicatory sermon, from 1 Kings 8:13. He gave us an 
able exposition of the text. The church here also restored 
Bro. John Lesh to the ministry who had been relieved 
from the same some years ago by his own request. 

The weather was very fine in the forenoon, but in the 
afternoon it became quite blustery. The attendance was 
good. We have a very nice house of worship, good mater 
nil and well built. May the members, by the grace of 
God, try to maintain a higher Christian standard, and thus 
throw out a greater Christian influence to help build up 
the Master's cause here. We still kindly invite members to 
come and locate with us. J. A. Weaver. 

Bowbells, N. Dak., Jan. 3. 


tides of clothing, consisting of quilts comtQrts,. night 
robes, and aprons. 

The receipts for the year 1904 were $167.15.. The ex- 
penses were $146.36. leaving a balance of $20.79 in the 

We gave out to the needy during the year 220 articles 
of clothing and 30 pairs of shoes and rubbers. Fuel and 
groceries have also been supplied to some of the needy. 
The weather has been cold and we have had quite an 
amount of snow. Much of the building and other work 
has closed and we expect to find much need during the 
next few months. 

Last Tuesday evening we met for the purpose of elect- 
ing officers for the Helping Hand Society for the year 
1905. The result was as follows: president Sister Carrie 
A. Westergren; vice-president Sister Irene M. Reiley;. 
secretary and treasurer, Sister Lizzie Knepper. 

Bro. Dennis Weimer and wife, of Bealton, Va., were 
with us over last Sunday. He preached for us in the 
evening. Lizzie Knepper. 

705 D St., S. E., Jan. 6. 


This meeting was held in the Eagle Creek church, 
Hancock Co., Ohio, Jan. 3 and 4, and indeed it was a 
feast to all present. On the evening of Jan. 2 a sermon 
was preached by Bro. G. A. Snider," of Fostoria, Ohio. 

The next morning after devotional exercises an organ- 
ization was effected, resulting in the election of Bro. 
G. A. Snider, moderator and Hugh Miller secretary. 
Bro. J. G. Royer was with us as the principal instructor, 
and he was so full of zeal and good things that all who 
were present were filled ere he left us. 

It was a feast for the Sunday-school workers, and t'fpse . 
who were not present missed much that would be. w,ery 
helpful to them in their Sunday-school work, 

It was the verdict of all present that they fait; they ■ 
could do more and' better work for the Master when they 
returned to their classes. 

Our Sunday-school workers ought to make a sacrifice 

in order to attend such meetings. Bro. Royer knows how 

to help the Sunday-school teacher; he talks from ex-. 

perience. May God bless him in his work. 

Hugh Miller, Sec. 
Jan. 10. 

■ ■» ■ 


Our Helping Hand Society wishes to express thanks 
for the many donations received during the last quarter 
of 1904. During the quarter we met fourteen times, with 
an average attendance of five. We made fifty-eight ar- 

It is my purpose to visit some of the churches, and iso- 
lated members and friends, on my way East. This can on- 
ly be when they live not far from the railroad; from Deca- 
tur, Ala., to Bristol, Tenn., I am to go over the Southern 
Railway, through Chattanooga. Should there be such 
places along that line, they will inform me here at 
Roanoke, La., before the middle of February. I think of 
spending March, April and May between here and the 
place of Annual Meeting. Then after the meeting go on 
East. All this if the Lord will. Address me at Roanoke, 
La., till further notice, A. Hutchison. 

Jan. 2. 

~^- MATRIMONIAL *^~~- 

" What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder-." 

CRIST— MYERS— At the home of the bride's parents, 
near Paola, Kans., by the writer, Dec. 25, 1904, Bro. Asa> 
D. Crist, of Gardner, Kans., and Sister Corda E. Myers, of." 
Paola, Kans. H. F. Crist. 

EIKENBERRY— FILBRUN.— At the home of the 
bride's parents, in the Worthington congregation, Minn 
Dec. 14, 1904, by the undersigned, Bro. Ralph Etben- 
bcrry and Sister Delia Filbrun. Joshua Schechter, Jr. 

EMMERT— SWARTZ.— At the home of and by the 
undersigned, in Colfax township, Dallas Co., Iowa Jan 
S, 1905, at 4 P. M., Mr. Edward F, Emmert and Sister 
Ida V. Swartz, both of Dallas county, Iowa. 

J. B, Spurgeon. 

FINNELL— PUGH.— At the home of the bride's par- 
ents, near Morgantown, W. Va., by the undersigned, Bro. 
Virgil C. Finnell, of Sceneryhiil, Washington Co., Pa„ 
and Sister Lucinda A. Pugh, of Easton, Monongalia 
Co., W. Va., Dec. 29, 1904. Jasper Barnthouse 

KAUFFMAN— KARL.— At the home of the bride's fa- 
iher, Dec. 21, 1904, by the undersigned, Bro. Alvin Kauff- 
man, of Goshen, Ind., and Sister Lillie M. Karl, of Roa- 
noke, 111. J. W. Switzcr. 

SCHROCK— MILLER.— At the home of the bride's 
parents, Dec. 25, 1904, by the undersigned, Bro. Edward 
S. Schrock, of Friedens, Pa., and Sister Mabel O. Miller, 
of Waterloo, Iowa. W. O. Tannreuther. 


"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 
Death Notices of Children Under Five Years Not Published. 

BLOUGH, Sister Annie, relict of Bro. Samuel Blough, 
deceased, died of pneumonia Nov. 28. 1904, aged 72 years, 
2 months and 23 days. Sister Blough lived in Cambria 
county, Pa„ in the extreme northern end of Quema- 
honing church, only a few miles from Johnstown, and 
on account of street car facilities attended services reg- 
ularly in West Johnstown the past few years. She was ir\ 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 


the best of health until a week before her death, when 
•he contracted the disease. She is survived by two sons, 
three daughters and a number of brothers and sisters. 
Funeral services were conducted by Eld. J. F. Dietz, 
i s^isted by elders E. J. B lough and S. P. Zimmerman 
a t Maple Spring church. J. E. Blough. 

BOOHER, Bartholomew, died Jan. 4, 1905, at his 
home in the bounds of Glade Run church, Armstrong 
Co Pa-, aged 86 years, 8 months and 3 days. He was a 
devoted Christian the last thirty-five years of his life, 
in the Brethren church. He was the father of fifteen 
children; ten still survive. Funeral services were con- 
ducted by Bro. David Hetrick from Psa. 116: IS. Inter- 
ment at Glade Run graveyard. Laura J. Bowser. 

BRECHBIEL. Elizabeth, nee Dilling, of White Co., 
Tnd born in Blair county, Pennsylvania, died Dec. 20, 
] 904, aged 72 years, 10 months and 10 days. She was 
waited in marriage to Christian Brechtel, Oct. 24, 1850. 
To this union were born ten children, six of whom survive. 
The aged companion is -only waiting to join her on the 
other shore. In the winter of 1852 they united with the 
Brethren church and in 1869 were called to the deacon's 
fp ce She was always faithful in the performance of 
her duties. In 1865 they moved from Pennsylvania to 
Carroll county, Indiana; then in 1879 to White county, 
same State, to the place where she was called home, 
in the bounds of the Monticello church, near Monticello, 
Ind Funeral services were conducted by Bro. G, B. 
Heater. Text, Rev. 14: 13. Netta Whitcher. 

BRINDLE, Sister Lizzie Reiuhold, born in Lancaster 
City, Pa., died in the Topeka church, at Oakland, Kans., 
Dec. 4, 1904, aged 63 years 1 month and 9 days. She was 
married to George Brindle, Oct. 13, 1864. They moved 
to Kansas in 1880. To this union were born two sons and 
one daughter. One son preceded her about six years. 
funeral services conducted by the writer. Interment 
,j H the Topeka cemetery. I. L. Hoover. 

iBttUMBAUGH, Bro. Jesse, born in Darke county, 
Ohio, departed this life in the bounds of the Palestine 
tiMitsregaiion, Ohio, Jan. 3, 1905, aged 63 years, 7 months 
and 5 days. He was married to Charlotte Stevenson, 
Oct. 27, 1867. This union was blessed with five sons. 
Two preceded him to the spirit world. He leaves a wife, 
three sons, two sisters and one brother. He united with 
the church in 1868 and lived faithful until death. Dec. 
10 he was anointed. Funeral conducted by D. M. Garver, 
from Rev. 14: 12, 13. Interment in West Branch ceme- 
tery. Lucy Baker. 

BURGESS, Eliza Ann, of Topeco congregation, Floyd 
(Co., Va., died Dec. 16, 1904, aged 64 years, 2 months and 
and 20 days. She was born and raised in Patrick county, 
Virginia, and was married to John L. Burgess, Oct. 9. 
1866. This union was blessed with two boys and three 
girls. One boy and one girl preceded her to the world 
beyond. She was a member of the Brethren church for 
quite a number of years, and lived a consistent life. She 
was anointed. She leaves husband, one son and two 
daughters. Her funeral was not preached on account of 
inclement weather. Harvey Weddle. 

ESTERLY, Sister Sarah E„ wife of Bro. Adam Esterly, 
died Dec. 30, 1904, at her home in Jennings, La:, in the 
bounds of the Roanoke church, aged 48 years, 4 months 
and 8 days. Sister Esterly was an exemplary Christian. 
:She leaves a husband and one daughter. Funeral services 
improved by the undersigned, assisted by J. C. Minnix. 
'Text, Mark 14: 8. Joel Glick. 

IMEL, Sister Malinda, wife of Bro. Samuel Imel, died 
Jan. 1/1905, in the Hickory Grove congregation, Carroll 
Co., 111., aged 57 years, 8 months and 22 days. Sister 
Jmel was a member of the Brethren church for about 
thirty years. She leaves a husband, three sons and two 
daughters. Funeral services by the writer from Rev. 14: 
;13. W. H. Eisenbise. 

KNAVEL, Sister Lovina, nee Berkey, wife of Jacob C. 
;Knavel, died at the Memorial Hospital, Johnstown, Pa., 
iDec. 30, 1904, aged 50 years, 5 months and 15 days. She 
-.vas brought to her home at Rummel, Somerset county, 
Pa. Her mother, Sister David Berkey died Dec. 19, 1904. 
She leaves a husband, a son and two daughters. Funeral 
was improved by Bro. J. F. Ream, assisted by Bro. Wil- 
liam Howe. Interment in the Shade Creek cemetery. 
Amanda Weaver. 
LAMB, Catharine, died in Linn county, Oregon, Nov. 
16, 1904, aged 81 years, 5 months and 13 days. She had 
been a member of the Brethren church nearly fifty years. 
Her disease was the flux. Her husband, John Lamb, 
died in 1900. She was the daughter of Conrad and Eliz- 
abeth Sayger, was born in Hardy county, Virginia. With 
her husband she moved to Indiana in 1848, and to Oregon 
in 1876. A. D. Ashelman. 

LAND, Elsie Pearl, departed this life in the Upper 
Deer Creek congregation, Cass Co., Ind., Dec. 29, 1904, 
aged 11 years, 2 months and 15 days. Her mother pre- 
ceded her to the spirit world in her early childhood. She 
had a welcome home with her grandmother (Sister Susan 
Scott) until the homestead was destroyed by fire Dec. 
27, 1904. It was only by dangerous and hazardous per- 
severance by other members of the family that she was 
rescued through a window of tiie burning house. Elsie 
and her grandmother were taken to the home of Bro. M. 
V- Burrows where everything was done to make her com- 
■ortable and save her life, but she lived only about for- 
>'-six hours. Services at the Upper Deer Creek church by 
-the writer, assisted by Eld. Jacob Cripe. 

W. S. Toney. 
LANDRUM, Rosa, died Nov. 12, 1904, at the home of 
,-/ no - Wine, Bridgewater, Va., aged 15 years, 3 months 
and 24 days. Sister Rosa was an orphan and was given 
a home by Bro. Wine's. When we think of the influ- 
ences they lifted her from, we are made to feel that they 
ot only gave her a home here but one in heaven also, 
^"e was a faithful Sunday-school scholar, and her only 
re gret during her illness was that she must miss Sunday 
^hool. Services by the undersigned and Eld. H. G. 
filler, from Psa. 23: 4. Wm. K. Conner. 

V M .^ RTIN - H enry H., died near Arcanum, Ohio, Dec. 
^,1904, aged 59 years, 6 months and 26 days. He united 
with the Brethren church when nineteen years of age. 
e leaves a wife and two sons. Funeral services con- 
ti i tt y EId ' Jesse Stutsman and Bro. Ezra Flory in 
lQ e u. B. church in Arcanum. Lydia Stauffer. 

MENSER, Sister Sarah, died in the Johnstown congre- 
gation, Pa., Dec. 31, 1904, aged 76 years. She had been 
quite feeble for several years. Funeral services at the 
house, where she died, with her son-in-law and daughter, 
Mr. and Mrs. S. B. Gorden, by Eld. A. Fyock, assisted by 
F. D. Ellenberger, minister of U. E. church of Dale, Pa. 
Text, Philpp. 1: 21. L. R. Braliier. 

PARKER, Sister Christian, wife of Bro. Jacob B. 
Parker, died at her home near Lapaz, Ind., Dec. 26. 1904, 
aged 56 years, 4 months and 26 days. Sister Parker 
lived a consistent member in the Brethren church for 
about thirty years. She was anointed. She leaves a 
husband, three sons, two daughters, two brothers and 
two sisters. Funeral services were conducted by L. O. 
Oyler, pastor of the United Brethren church. Interment 
in the Bremen cemetery. Jacob B. Parker. 

SHENK, Sister Harriet, wife of Harry Shenk, died Nov. 
17, 1904, at the home of. her daughter, Mrs. Edward Tritt. 
of Longsdorfs Station, Pa. Her husband preceded her 
some years ago. She is survived by one son and one 
daughter. She was a faithful and consistent member of 
the church for a number of years. She was buried at 
the Huntsdale cemetery. Funeral services conducted by 
Bro. Noah Cockley, assisted by Bro. Samuel Stouffer, 
from 1 Cor. 15: 26. A. A. Evans. 

SHOWALTER, Sister Hannah W. nee Rodeffer, wife 
of David H. Showalter, died at her home in the Mill Creek 
congregation, Rockingham Co., Va., Dec. 31, 1904, aged 
39 years, 8 months and 27 days. Funeral services by 
Eld. H. C. Early from Ezek. 19: 10. She was a consistent 
member of the church for about ten years, the mother of 
eight boys and two girls, the oldest only about fourteen 
years. The baby girl preceded her to the spirit world. 
A husband, nine children, six brothers, and two sisters 
survive her. Interment in Mill Creek cemetery. 

J. P. Diehl. 
SPURGEON, Sister Margaretta A., wife of Bro. D. C. 
Spurgeon, died in the Hillisbury church, Ind., Jan, 5, 
1905. aged 47 years, 1 month and 29 days. Our sister 
was afflicted for a number of years. She leaves a hus- 
band, two daughters, five sons, a father, brothers and 
sisters. She was a member of the Brethren church about 
twenty-eight years and was a devoted sister till death. 
Funeral services conducted by the Brethren. Interment 
in the King's Corner cemetery. Nathaniel Cripe. 

WEEKS, Walter Clinton, born in Floyd county, Va., 
died of peritonitis, in the bounds of the Donnels Creek 
church; Clark Co., Olwo, Dec. 30, 1904, aged 12 years, 
3 months and 26 days. He was the oldest son of George 
and . Laura Isabella Weeks, and grandson of Brother 
George and Sister Catherine Boyd. He was sick but 
five days and his suffering was intense. He leaves a fa- 
ther, mother and three brothers. A sister preceded him 
in death several years ago. Funeral services by Bro. 
J. D. Sandy, from Matt. 19: 13, 14 and 1 Sam. 20: 3, 
assisted by Bro, J. E. Barnhart. Interment at the Myers 
cemetery. Hettie Barnhart. 



In Outline Booklet Form 

These topics have been carefully arranged and outlined 
by some of the best talent in the Brotherhood. A brief 
and yet very full outline of one page is made for each 

There has been a demand for such an outline and we 
are pleased to tell you that we are now ready to fill orders 
for the topics for the first six months of 1905. All our 
Christian Workers' meetings will want to use these out- 
lines, as they are very helpful. You will find that they 
aid greatly to get all the members to take part in these 
meetings. Give them a trial. 

We are printing a large number of them and can there 
fore furnish them to you at a very low rate. The booklet 
is arranged with 32 pages and cover. Size, 3^x5j4. This 
•leaves a few blank pages for notes. 

Price, per hundred booklets, $2.00 

For fifty, '. $125 

If desired we can print on the back, or fourth cover 
page, your announcements, names of officers, etc. This 
will cost you 75 cents per hundred extra. 

Price, with extra printing, per one hundred, $2.75 

Price, with extra printing, for 50 copies $2.00 

We trust that each Christian Workers' society will send 
at once for these Outline Topics and be ready for the 
New Year. 

Topics With References Only. 

We have also arranged the topics with references only, 

on a good cardboard, for the first six months of 1905. 

Those not desiring the outlines can secure these cards 

at the following rates: 

For 50 cards, 20 cents 

For 100 or more, per hundred, 35 cents 

Special announcements printed on one side of card, 
50 cents extra for first one hundred and 10 cents per hun- 
dred thereafter. 

Send all orders to 

Elfin, 111 

The Reading Circle 


Christian Workers' Topics 

With the exposition by ELIZABETH D. 
ROSENBERGER, have been transferred 
from the Missionary Visitor to the 



General Hissioniry and Tract Committee, 

in view of the original ide * of Annual Conference 
as to the policy of the Inglcnook magazine. Club 
rates to Sunday schools and Christian Workers' So- 
cieties, 20 cents per quarter. Send your order now to 

Elgin, Illinois. 




THE FIFTH EDITION of this wonderful little volume 

It is an inspiration to any child to read this volume, 
and has been the means of turning many children to the 
Lord. Boys and girls enjoy reading it, and we cannot 
recommend it too highly for your boys and girls. Its in- 
fluence can be nothing but good. 

Our new edition is neatly bound in cloth and would 
please any boy or girl. Price, single copy, 25 cents; per 

dozen, $2.50. 

Elgin, I1L 

Girdling the Globe 

This intensely interesting book of travel describes vivid- 
ly Elder Miller's trip around the world and takes the 
reader along in such an easy way that you feel as though 
you were traveling over the country with him. 

This is undoubtedly the bust bonk that Bro. Miller has 
written. It contains more than 125 illustrations and 602 

Thousands of these books have been sold and all are 
delighted with the book. 


PRICE. If you have not read this book, or if you have 
a friend that you want to make a present of a good book, 
here is your opportunity. Wc have a number of these 
books in stock that must move out at once to give room 
for other books. AS LONG AS THEY LAST we will 
furnish them at the following rate. 

Former price. Now. 

Substantial cloth binding $2.00 $1.00 

Sheep binding 2.50 1.25 

Full Morocco, gilt edge, 3.00 1.50 

Enclose 25 cents extra for each book .to pay mail or 
express charges, unless a number are ordered at one 
time, in which case we will send them to you by express 
or freight, collect. 

Send all orders to 

Elgin, III. 



4 S 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 21, 1905. 


Canton.— We arc having meetings here in the city, con- 
ducted by J. H. Baker. He has been here over two Sun- 
days. Two precious souls have made the good confession. 
We hope there will be more to follow. — S. Bucklew, 616 
S. Main St., Canton, 111., Jan. 16. 

Middle District congregation met in council Thursday. 
All the officers were present, with assistance of Bro. Jacob 
Coppock and Bro. John Brumbaugh. We had a good 
meeting with a fair attendance. — Jos. H. Slark, R. R. No. 1, 
Tadmor, Ohio, Jan. 13. 

Newberg church met in council Jan. 7, with our elder, 
Geo. C. Carl, moderator. Eight letters were granted. 
Sister Eliza Moore was elected superintendent of the 
Sunday school, and Bro. C. H. Ellis president of the 
Christian Workers' meeting. Decided to have a series 
of meetings this winter if a minister can be procured. 
The treasurer for the Portland mission reported having 
received in 1904, $44.52 for said mission. — Minnie M. Dad- 
isman, R. F: D. No. 1, Newberg, Oregon, Jan. 11. 

St. Vrain church met in council Jan. 7. Church officers 
were elected for the year. Reorganization of Sunday 
school for" next six months resulted in Daisy Jones super- 
intendent and Howard Long assistant. Two letters were 
read and five more await reading. Our Thanksgiving of- 
fering was turned over to Sisters' Sewing society to use. 
They have sent a box to the St. Joseph mission. Our 
Christian Workers made a donation of over four dollars 
to a needy brother. We decided to place a birthday mis- 
sionary box in the church in which to place our money 
for missionary purposes. Two letters were granted. Bro. 
Keltner is going from us and expects to spend the remain- 
der of the winter among the churches in Idaho. Bro. 
Larick, who was hurt by accident recently, was anointed 
to-day. He craves the prayers of all God's people in 
his affliction. — Oscar Moore, R. F. D. No. 3, Longmont, 
Colo., Jan. 14. 

Indianapolis. — We met in our churchhouse to-day for 
Sunday school, with a good attendance and interest. The 
house is about completed, but we are hindered from 
dedicating because of a delay in the seats. Will give 
notice of the time of dedication in the Messenger in due 
time. — Jacob W. Rarick, 274 Holems Ave., Indianapolis, 
Ind., Jan. IS. 

Greenspring. — Bro. W. H. Lcaman has been conducting 
a series of meetings wjiich has closed. The interest was 
excellent and the church was much strengthened. One 
soul was baptized. — 'Mary E. Somers, R. F. D. 7, Tiffin, 
Ohio, Jan. 16. 

Pioneer. — Bro. W. R. Guthrie, of Herring, Ohio, came 
to the Silver Creek district and began meetings at the 
Walnut Grove house Dec. 3, and continued until Dec. 25. 
Five precious souls were received by baptism. Bro. J. L. 
Guthrie, of Nevada, Ohio, began meetings at the Hickory 
Grove house Jan. 7, and still continues with good in- 
terest. — Otta Fisher, Pioneer, Ohio, Jan. 16. 


Our church met in council Jan. 9, Eld. J. C. Murray 
presiding. Letters of membership were granted to Broth- 
er and Sister J. H. Hollinger, who are now making their 
home in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The result of the election of officers for the Sunday 
school for the year 1905 was as follows: superintendent, 
Bro. M. C. Flohr; assistant, Bro. J. A. Garber; secretary, 
Sister Henrietta Miller; assistant secretary, Sister Lucy 
Yates; treasurer, Sister M. C. Flohr; librarian, Bro. J. F. 
Swartz; assistant librarian, Bro. L. W. Reiley; superin- 
tendent of home department. Sister Lizzie Knepper; sec- 
retary of home department, Sister J. C. Murray. 

Eld. J. C. Murray finds that on account of the condi- 
tion of his throat he cannot continue to preach much long- 
er in this climate. On this account he handed in his res- 
ignation to the mission board some time ago to take 
effect not later than the first of April. 

Bro. W. M. Wine, president of Maryland Collegiate 
Institute, Union Bridge, Md., who is also a member of 
the home mission board of the Eastern District of Mary- 
land, was present with us at this council and consulted 
with the church in regard to securing a pastor to take 
charge of our church. After considerable discussion the 
church elected brethren A. K. Graybill, J. A. Garber and 
M. C. Flohr a committee to represent the church and 
work in connection with the home mission board in se- 
curing a pastor to take charge of the work here. 

We hope that under favorable climatic condition Bro. 

Murray will be able to deal out the Bread and Water 

of Life to thirsty souls for many years to come. 

„„_ Lizzie Knepper. 

705 D St., S. E„ Jan. 12. 



January first was a glorious day for the Vernon Mis- 
sion in Los Angeles, Cal. The well-finished and neat 
house was dedicated to the Lord ; not for the Lord to 
dwell in, but a work home for the Lord's workers in 
whom the Lord dwells or should dwell as Eld. Myers 
intimated in his discourse which from start to finish 
was appropriate to the glad occasion. The house was 
crowded to its full capacity with eager listeners. 

The writer well remembers when the first church 
council ever held by the Brethren in southern Cali- 

fornia was held in the city at the house of Bro. 
Tobias Cripe. That was nearly twenty years ago. 
The Vernon district was then four miles beyond the 
city limits. Now the city limits extend still further on- 
ward toward the sea. This mission is the fourth or- 
ganized nucleus that has grown out of the efforts of 
church work in Los Angeles city, and still the good 
work looks encouraging. Faith, effort and endurance 
in the good work are winning forces in winning the 
people of any place for Christ. 

At an early day, in the interests of the Brethren 
movement in southern California, a brother who was 
about to fold his tent and did do so, and hie away to 
other territory, said there is something in the climate 
or make-up of this country that tells me the Brethren 
can't make a success here in church work. The writer 
at once answered him thus: " Just as surely as there 
is more power in God than in the works of darkness, 
just so surely the cause must and will succeed here." 
The present status of the Brethren church here in this 
south land bears out the second prophecy. Not only 
was the first day of the first week of the first month of 
1905 a red letter day in the dedicating of a new mis- 
sion work in the city, but one soul was born into the 
kingdom, evidencing the power of God, through the 
Gospel, to save sinners. May the good work go on all 
along the line from the rising of the sun to the setting 
of the same. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 



Feb. IS, 2 pra, Inglewood, Cal. 
Feb. 18, Egan, Cal. 

■ ■„,.', 




For 1905 


Is having a large sale. There is no reasSn why it should 
not have. It is as good as can be had along the Sunday- 
school line and especially adapted to our people. 


have already been filled and if you do not have a copy you 
should send your order at once, as we will print but one 
edition, and it is already going very rapidly. 

A large number of our Sunday-school teachers have 
sent us their orders. Those who have not should do so 
soon. No teacher can afford to go through the year with- 
out the inspiration and help that can be gained by study- 
ing the text as outlined by this commentary. 

It is the most complete Commentary yet published by 
the House, is profusely illustrated and contains 332 pages. 
Bound in substantia] cloth, price, postpaid, $1.00. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Gospel Songs and Hymns, No. 1. 

Has a wonderful sale, and the book still LIVES. We 
are receiving orders daily for this book and have sold 
more than 40,000 copies since it has been published. 
There is only one reason for this. It is simply because 


This book is used by thousands in the Sunday school, 
young people's meeting and general song service. It con- 
tains 20S pages and sells at .10 cents each, or four for $1. 
Send your orders to 

Elgin, Illinois. 


The Messenger May be Had, for those not Members ot 

the Brethren Church, from now to the End 

of 1903, for the Small 


Here is the Plan that the General Missionary 
Committee has Decided On: 

For missionary purposes alone, (i. e., to try to lead the 
party receiving the " Messenger " to accept the faith 
of Jesus Christ as believed by the Brethren, and in no 
way to aid one now a member to have access to it) the 
" Gospel Messenger " may hereafter be furnished through 
District Boards, through all the missionaries of the Breth- 
ren church under appointment of any board, through 
agents of the Brethren Publishing House, and through 
individuals who wish to do missionary work in this man- 
ner, to any and all persons except the following: 

1. All those who are members of the Brethren church. 

2. All those in a family, any member of which is a 
member of the Brethren church. (By member is meant 
to include anyone who abides in the house, though he or 
she be no relative of the family.) 

3. The sender must make a definite statement each time 
that he knows the names sent in comply fully with rules 1 
and 2 and are in full accord with the purposes set forth 
in the beginning. _ 

4. Save in cases of regularly appointed agents of the 
Brethren Publishing House whose accounts are proper- 
ly paid up, the fifty cents must accompany each sub- 
scription when sent in. 

5. The lists shall be sent direct to the Brethren Publish 
ing House, Elgin, Illinois. 

This new plan goes into effect at once. 

The plan simply means that any person, not a member, 
or any family where there are no members, can have the 
paper one year for fifty cents. 

You can call on all your neighbors, and offer them 
the paper at this price, or you can donate it to them 
on the same terms. 

Let agents, preachers and everybody else take hold of 
this proposition at once and push it. 

The fifty cents will not pay cost of printing the pa- 
per, but the General Mission Board agrees to make up 
the deficiency. 

See our editorial in this issue. Address, 

Elgin, Illinois. 

I I 


500 Agents Wanted I 


I Good Books ^X 

I Good Commissions 

Write at Once for Particulars 

Elgin, Illinois. 

V TTTTV TTT *•***' V ** 


The Gosjsl Messenger 


Vol. 44. 

Elgin, III., January 28, 1905. 

No. 4. 

TABLE OF CON TENTS. Last week Mr. Carnegie said he would pay certain 

Editorial,— depositors what they had lost through the bank. 

ivw £ pi 5S° ■■■-■■■ 56 Those who are to get their money are students, wid- 

W hat the Messenger is Doing -. . 57 ,, ... , , • ' 

Finding Work for Others, 57 ows ' old soldiers and other persons who are actually in 

The Change of Heart, 57 needy circumstances as a result of the failure. He 

The Future of the Brethren Church 57 ,„;u,i „ ,, v ,, ,-. , , 

The Church's Responsibility in Saving the World, 58 W1 " als0 PW the Y ' M ' C A - three thousand dollars 

The Oath— Mormon and Masonic 58 which had been laid aside as a building fund The 

Secret Fraternities 58 „-f. «. ■ i -n i ,, 

The Pope's Improved Policy '..'.'.'.'. .58 S certainly will be a great blessing to some of the 

Essays,— depositors : their money stood between them and want. 

The Churches and the Ministry. By Daniel Hays, 50 -n r n • " 

Home on a Ship. By Norric E. Berkebile, SO 1HE following item shows what is the extent 

^Sr R fw"?l'Fo, 3 ;owTlie?' rVe B r ;WH--Sange;-5i £'** Sheep J* ™ "* U " ited S ' ateS: 
Letting Our Light Shine. By Joseph C Flora ' 51 illere were 61,837,112 sheep in the United 

fNeIfecS-Boc°ri1;r rt Bfo B p A Ho ; over OSSWhit S 5 l SM " /" ** ^^ ^ "^ "* ^°^.~ 
The Second Coming of Christ. By Raleigh R. °° 2 > ' rom which in 1899 wool was clipped 

r~ ls l e ,?' ■••- 53 to the value of $4s:,723,73q. The average for- each 

Five Minute Sermons. By Howard Miller 54 , ., 7 3/ Y- ■ , . 

Popularity. By J. Berkebile 54 tarm ln tn e country, exclusive of the ranges, was 

S,"V C \ P r 0lity - **£■?*:**?*&■■■■■■■■■.■■■■ 54 80.7 sheep to a farm, having an average value of 

Sisters Missionary Society of Waynesboro, Pa. By «._,« , • , . „ , ■ „ , 

Sudie M. Wingert, .54 * 2 3° tor animals of all ages and purposes. Mon- 

Home and Family, — tana leads all states and territories with 4,192,- 

Human Unrest 55 608 of these animals ; Wyoming is second with 3316- 

Ail foier^Ga^rrChu 3 ^ {^° By ' Eliza" ^ ^^ "" ™*^ "" "^ haS 2 ^^ 

Sharper, 55 No other state or territory passes the 2,000,000 mark in 

Ai \iaTy C HeaglcT' 10W .. Creel< :. SOU . ,h . D * k °*' By 55 i* 61 ^ Increilses in *e number of sheep are shown 

Sisters' Aid Society of ! ' Paye'ttcl " Idaho. " By Rose in Wisconsin, Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, 

Snowberger 55 ancl Nebraska ; decreases are shown in Ohio, Michigan 

General Missionary and Tract Department,- Illinois, Missouri, and Kansas, the decrease in Kansas 

A Hindrance to Missions . SO i- 

"Go Home 10 Thy Friends." By Ella' j." Brum- reac hing 55.2 per cent. 

baugh eo 

From Bulsar, India. By Sadie j. Miiier 59 Much indignation has been expressed in America 

^ThatBrooldyn Church, 59 because of tb c ill treatment of Tnws in other-countries, 

r= Russia especially, but the Jews here are not always 

AROUND THE WORLD. treated as they should be. Of late, boys and young men 

~ ~~~~ — „ „., „ ^ in Oiicago have been attacking them. Complaint is 

Governor Folk of Missouri owed his nomination mati e by the Jews that snowballs and stones are thrown 
and election to the good work he did in brincin^ at tllem ' t,,at ' d men's beards are pulled, that clothes 
bribers and other lawbreakers to justice. And he is are torn and children robbed. A rabbi of the stock- 
standing for law now just as he did before. First he - var ds district died suddenly after being snowballed, 
gave the legislators notice that they would be prose- Another Jew was taken to the hospital in an almost dy- 
cuted if they used railroad passes, and now he is go- ing state after bein S stoned by boys. It is not strange 
ing to get rid of the professional lobbyist whose busi- tllat under such circumstances the Jews should seek 
ness is to corrupt. He has made it known that lob- means of Protecting themselves. The law ought to 
byists at the capital will have to report to him, de- P rotect """em and every other law-abiding citizen. Peo- 
clare the object of their visit and then leave town with- ple who do not like certain races of people should 
in thirty hours. It is good to know that there is one stay awav from tllem or let them aIone - A man is n °t 
governor who has the courage to place the lobbyist responsible for his race — he cannot change that— but 
where he belongs. There are forty-four other gov- every one should be made to feel that he is responsible 

ernors in the United States who should go and do for his actions - 

likewise. His action will have influence on others. A young man in England, aged twenty-four, is 

and the result will be to purify legislation; privileges developing at the rate of only one-sixth of that of the 

will not be so easd y bought. av( , rage hl , man being At presej]t he k ^.^ th< , 

„ alphabet and can count only as far as ten. It is said 
he strike s of the workers in the cotton mills at that during the last nineteen years he has eaten but 
fall River, Mass., which began July 25, 1904, has three meals a week, has slept twentv-four hours and 
>een settled and work will be resumed. The manu- played twenty-four hours, without the slightest va- 
tacturers wanted to cut wages twelve and a half per rtation. In spite of his twenty-four years he looks no 
cent, and that caused the trouble. Thousands of per- older than a boy of four or five, and is only thirty- 
sons were .die for nearly six months, the loss on ac- six inches in height. Physically and mentally he is 
count of the strike being estimated at ten million dol- developing at the same rate. At birth he weighed ten 
ars. According to the terms of settlement the ques- pounds and did not differ from any other child. He 
"on of margin between raw material and manufactured grew' as any child does until he was five years old 
goods, which shall be required by the manufacturers, and then suddenly and for some mysterious reason 
s left to be adjusted by Governor Douglas. Both his progress was arrested. He has attracted the at- 
sioes are glad the trouble is over, as are also the store- tendon of medical and scientific men, some of whom 
nepers who have lost because of the strike. Much think he will live to be three hundred years old. 

loss and privation would have been avoided if they had 

agreed to arbitrate at first; but better late than never. The German coal miners think their prospects are 

y~„ good for winning their strike. They have been or- 

Ihe Citizens' National Bank at Oberlin, Ohio, was derly and have the public on their side. The supply 

c osed some time ago because those in charge lent of coal at some of the large iron works is running low, 

much more money to Mrs. Chadwick, with no real and as there are large orders to fill, the owners of the 

security, than should have been loaned to one person iron works will want the trouble adjusted so that they 

wnh the best of security. As a result of the failure will not need to shut down. The miners do not be- 

many persons lost money who could not afford to lose, lieve that foreign workmen will allow coal to be sent 

111. An investigation probably would show that the 
miners are not fairly treated. Peace and prosperity 
for employer and employe depend on each giving the 
other justice. 

June 20, 1792, citizens of Paris, bearing the red 
cap of liberty, marched to the Tuileries to make de- 
mands on King Louis XVI. The king refused to 
see them, rejecting their petition with contempt. Aug. 
10, 1792, the royal Swiss guards were cut to piece", 
and five thousand persons were massacred in Paris.' 
Jan. 21, 1793, Louis XVI was beheaded. June 23, 
1793. the reign of terror began. Last Sunday, Jan! 
22, 1905, a large number of peaceable citizens of Rus- 
sia started to march to the winter palace in St. Peters- 
burg to present a petition to the czar. They had said 
before that they were going to do it and had begged 
the czar not to refuse to see, them and receive their 
petition. They expressed love for him and loyalty to 
him. They said their condition had become unbear- 
able, and they appealed to him as to a father. Con- 
fidence in the government is lost. The day before 
the proposed march to the palace, their leader, who is 
a priest, said: " The government will accord us noth- 
ing. Our emperor is our good father. He will do 
us justice." 

It was with such faith in their ruler that the peo- 
ple assembled in order to appeal to him. They had 
been told not to, had been warned that Ihey would 
be opposed, but they did not believe the soldiers would 
fire upon them. They started for the palace, but were 
met by soldiers who shot them down without mercy, 
by Cossacks who rode them down and cut them down 
as if they were wild beasts and not their own country- 
men. Men, women, children, all suffered alike. The 
Cossacks enjoyed the killing as if it had been sport- 
to these half savage soldiers it was sport. The trouble 
continued from before noon until evening; and when 
the results were summed up it was found that two 
thousand persons had been killed and five thousand 
wounded, among the latter being Father Gopon, the 
priest who had been their leader. The strong man 
of the government, the one who ordered troops into 
the city, is Sergius Witte, the minister of finance. 
Whether he will be able to restore order remains to 
be seen. Sunday night the question by the civilized 
world was what Monday would bring forth. Was the 
trouble ended for the present, or was it but begun? 
Would there follow a revolution such as the French 
engaged in, accompanied by the horrors of a reign of 
terror? Much depended upon the answer. 

Monday was a day of uncertainty. At St. Peters- 
burg there was comparative quiet. Two bombs were 
thrown among the soldiers, but the government seems 
to have the situation well in hand. News of the Sun- 
day massacre spread to other cities, and it is likely 
that workmen in them will go on strike, as they have 
at St. Petersburg and Moscow. At Sevastopol the 
naval depots were destroyed by fire. The czar, be- 
cause he has been going from palace to palace to es- 
cape possible danger, has been called cowardly. It 
will take very positive action on his part if he ever 
again has the respect of the people as he had up to 
the time when the trouble began on Sunday. Monday 
night Father Gopon 's message to his followers was : 
" The czar does not exist. No longer pray for liber- 
ty." No one can tell whether the riots will end in 
revolution and a reign of terror or -whether the gov- 
ernment will be able to control. Anything and every- 
thing seems possible. In the end the autocracy will , 
be overthrown. The people will not always be sup- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 

Shrf, to .b,,w thys.ll approved unto God. iw.rko«n that nwJrth *<* * 
ashamed ngMly dlwidtog to Word at Truth." 



"Jesus, Ibvcr of my soul, 
Let me to thy bosom fly, 
. While the raging billows roll, 

While the tempest still is high!" 

Carelessly a little child, 

In the sunshine, at her play, 

Lisping sang and sweetly smiled, 
On a joyous. April day. 

Sang with laughter light and droll- 
Sang with mirth in each blue eye: 

" Jesus, lover of my soul, 
Let me to thy bosom fly!" 

" Hide me, O my Savior, hide, 

Till the storm of life is past; 
Safe into the haven guide; 

O receive my soul at last!" 
Sang a maiden with a face 

Free from look of earthly care, 
With a form of faultless grace, 

With a wreath of golden hair, 
Sang with heart by grief untried, 

Sang with no regretful past: 
" Safe into the haven guide, 

O, receive my soul at last." 

" Other refuge have I none — 

Hangs my helpless soul on thee, 
Leave, ahl leave me not alone — 

Still support and comfort me!" 
Sang a mother while she bowed 

O'er a baby as it lay 
Wrapped within its snowy shroud 

On a dreary autumn day. 
Sang of hopes forever flown — 

Sang with eyes that could not see; 
"Leave, ah! leave me not alone — 

Still support and comfort me!" 

" All my trust on thee is stayed, 

All my help from thee $ bring; 
Cover my defenseless head 

With the shadow of thy wing!" 
Faint and weary in the race, 

In Death's winter evening gray, 
With a sweet, angelic face, 

Dreamed a woman. Far away, 
As the feeble twilight fled, 

Angels seemed with her to sing: 
" Cover my defenseless head 

With the shadow of thy wing! " 

"Jesus, lover of my soul, 

Let me to thy bosom fly, 
While the raging billows roll, 

While the tempest still is high!" 
Ah! how soon our hopes decay — 

We must suffer and endure; 
Strive and struggle as we may, 

Life is short and death is sure; 
We may hear the anthem roll 

Through the starry realms on high: 
"Jesus, lover of my soul, 

Let me to thy bosom fly!" 

Frederick, Md. 

•— •— 


Among other reasons why the supply of ministers 
is not kept up in a church is the mistaken notion 
among the ministers already in office that their term 
of service will continue quite a while, and there is no 
need of providing successors till later, and still a lit- 
tle later on. The ministers of the future should be 
trained under the ministers of the present. 

Another mistake may* be made by the membership 
when they fail to see a fit man among them. Did 
not the Lord call David the shepherd boy, and Elisha 
the plowman? Put these men in, and see what work 
the Lord has for them to do. Nine times out of ten, 
it is the plodder that moves the world, and the gifted 
speaker is not as a rule a successful housekeeper. The 
main thing is to get solid men to start with and then 
keep it that way, — men of character who may be 
relied on for any service. 

On the other hand the ministers owe it to the church 
to defend her doctrine. " Take heed unto thyself and 
unto the doctrine." I Tim. 4: 16. Then he owes it 
to the church to defend her order. The minister is 
a representative of the church. If he is not, then the 
church has none. How can the minister preach non- 
conformity to the world, when he himself is attired 
as the world? How can the ministry consistently 
call upon the sisters to continue to wear the plain bon- 
net which has been adopted by the church, while at the 
same time .one minister wears the long sack coat, an- 
other the short sack coat, and another appears upon the 
stand with smooth face and fancy necktie, neither of 
which the church has ever sanctioned? 

Then again, the educated young brethren who have 
spent time and means in study, owe it to the church 
to become just like the brethren who are farmers, 
mechanics, and day-laborers. Is not this Christlike? 
Did not Jesus become " like unto his brethren in all 
things " ? Is it asking too much for our educated 
brethren to give a part of their time to the service of ' 
the church? Is there any reason that an exception 
to the general rule should be made specially for them? 
This is the burden of thought that led a few recent 
writers to believe tha.t " ministerial transition " is im- 
mediately upon us. Now it would be wisdom on the 
part of our brethren at the head of the educational 
and missionary departments, so to speak, to look after 
the cause, and set about to find a remedy for these im- 
pending departures. To the strong, orderly working 
churches these things will pass as the flitting of a 
cloud. We want our " exhorters," " helps," " govern- 
ments," " pastors," and " teachers," and there is room 
for all and work for all. If Paul were to visit our 
churches now, he would have good reason to have a 
Titus in different places with the instruction: "For 
this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldst set 
in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders 
in every city as I had appointed thee." Titus 1 ; 5. 
Broadway, Va, 



In 1890 Annual Meeting recommended that the 
churches from time to time hold elections to increase 
our ministry with the view of meeting the growing 
demand for preaching the Gospel at home and abroad. 
This recommendation was nothing new, but was the 
practice years and years ago. Did not the Savior of 
men recommend the same when he said, "Pray ye 
the Lord of the harvest that he send forth more labor- 
ers " ? It is the only way to keep up a live church. 
It keeps the church in touch with the ministry and 
in touch with the work. It gives the church the use 
and enjoyment of a variety of talent and growth among 
the ministers of different ages and degrees. It in- 
sures the continuance of the church itself upon the 
basis recommended by Paul: "The things that thou 
hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same 
commit thou to faithful men who shall be able to teach 
others also."- 2 Tim. 2:2. 


How different it all is from what I imagined it to 
be when a girl at school or even when an older girl 
in my own home. I used to read of people crossing 
the ocean and look at pictures of a ship tossed upon the 
billow waves, and then sit and wonder just how it 
looked inside a ship and how people on board pass 
away their time. 

When I first went down into the state room assigned 
us in our first ship I saw a place very different from 
what I had expected to see. 

We passed up the gangplank to the lower deck and 
from that into a little passageway which was nicely 
carpeted. This led to another passageway and off 
from this was our room. A tiny little window had a 
little curtain draped over it. The heavy glass is in 
a strong iron frame and hung with a heavy hinge. 
A large screw fastens the window down tight when 
they wish to close it to keep out water. A sofa the 
whole length of the room was at one side just under 
the window. Two washstands were between the couch 
and the berths or beds on the other side. The wash 
bowls are so fit into a cupboard that they can be closed 
up and the cupboard shows no sign of being a wash- 

stand, in fact, they look more like a bookcase and 
wciting desk combined. A mirror is at the top of 
each, and also there are many little cupboards, shelves, 
which are always useful for brushes, combs, etc. 

The berths are placed one above the other with just 
enough room to allow one to sit up easily in them. 
Two wardrobes and two sets of drawers below them 
were built in the cabin. A large rug was on the floor 
and this constituted the furnishings of the room. 
There is room in each cabin for two steamer trunks 
and at least two suit cases. After making ourselves 
at home in this little room we were reminded by the 
gong or bell that lunch was ready. Passing down 
several corridors and. a flight of stairs we came to 
the dining room. In this many long tables were 
firmly fastened to the floor and seats like piano stools 
with backs on served as our seats at the table these 
were also fastened to the floor. The stewards dressed 
in their neat blue or black blouses served the meal 
in courses. The morning meal — breakfast is served 
about eight o'clock on the Atlantic steamers. Lunch 
at 12: 30 or 1 o'clock and dinner, the chief meal of the 
day, is served at 6:30 or seven o'clock. On most 
of the boats tea is served in the afternoon at about 

Of course customs vary on the different lines and 
the meals are characteristic of the country under which 
the ship sails. 

Many of the ships have nicely furnished ladies' par- 
lors and writing rooms, but in nice weather the pas- 
sengers sit in steamer chairs on deck. When the wind 
rises, the waves roll and the ship begins to rock, many 
take themselves to their cabins where they lie in the 
awful agony of seasickness. Some recover in a few 
hours and some only when they set foot on land. 

Every one seems to become acquainted with every 
one else before they are out three or four days and 
they are usually like one family. With all the reading 
and talking and eating a sea voyage grows monoto- 
nous and the smallest sight of land is hailed with de- 
light as all rush to the railing to see it. Another 
ship in the distance is welcomed as a friend, and glass- 
es go up to the eyes to see where she is from and 
what her name may be. These are a few of the 
things one may notice and may read about ; but some 
of the things of which we do not often read is that 
if one would accidentally happen into a cabin of some 
missionaries on board an Italian liner he would 
see four men or women crowded in the cabin 
amid trunks, bandboxes and suit cases. Should it 
be on the warmer waters the electric fan would be 
buzzing and even with that going it would be so hot 
that the visitor would wish to make a hasty departure. 
There would probably be a half dozen kerchiefs and 
several pair o-f hose hanging on a line seretched in 
front of the porthole or else on the rod above the 
upper berths. Books, brushes, combs, and towels 
placed wherever there is room for them, and if a 
closer investigation is made a sack of candy or a ker- 
chief full of dates, figs or something else will be found 
hanging up away from the ants. Under the lower 
beds, if the trouble is taken to pull out a trunk and 
several boxes or grips, there may possibly be found 
a basket of onions, which are very much appreciated 
on a long voyage, and perhaps a basket or two of 
oranges, pears or apples, brought from home or some 
port where the ship has stopped along the way. 

Early in the morning one will hear in the girls' room 
some one wondering where her hairpins are, and what 
could have become of her belt or collar or maybe it is 
the shoe that is missing. When the women have such 
a time keeping their belongings together one can im- 
agine what it must be for four men to keep track of 
collar buttons, kerchiefs, shoes and hats, not mention- 
ing the way the combs and brushes take themselves 
away into all sorts of places. All this carries with 
it a sense or humor until seasickness comes, and then 
it is pleasanter to read about than to experience it 
one's self. It is not so bad to be crowded up if those 
of the same party are together ; but when one has a 
roommate who speaks an entirely different language, 
and if that one wants to be disagreeable it is not so 
pleasant to be crowded together thus. 

Sometimes when the porthole is open and there is 
a heavy sea one need not be surprised to be suddenly 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 


dashed with water. Perhaps a water pipe may break 
and one will wake up some morning and see a couple 
of inches of water on the cabin floor, and then there 
is a moving of trunks and boxes and a general cleaning 

On some of the older steamers the second class 
passage is better than first, for the rooms are nearly 
in the center of the ship where the motion of the vessel 
is least noticed. It is also away from the screw 
which is very tiring and trying on the nerves with its 
continual throb, throb, throb. 

When the sea is smooth and one can be on deck 
the most of the time, sailing is very pleasant, but even 
then one longs for solid ground. 

As we near our destination we think the time pass- 
es more slowly each day, and yet we are sorry to 
break up our happy family and some go one way and 
some another. 

Many people's health is greatly benefited by a sea 
voyage. Some who look as if they could live but a 
short time when they embark look perfectly healthy 
when they land after being on the sea three or four 
weeks. On others it has an entirely different effect. 
There are on every boat those who are kind and con- 
siderate to others, and then there are those of the self- 
ish class who would not think of helping another, 
and will even brush out their chair if some one has 
taken the liberty to sit in it. There is the jovial man 
and the sour dyspeptic one who snarls and growls at 
every one from the captain and mate to the poor 
stokers down in the furnace room below. He hates 
the sight of a child and wishes there were none in 
the world. 

Of course the nervous woman is on board, and ev- 
ery little noise she hears is surely an indication that 
the engine is about to explode or the boat to go down. 
Most women have a certain degree of this fear, and 
I often wonder if any of the passengers feel as safe 
on board ship as they do on the land. Yet we know 
there is not as much danger as on an American fast 
express; and on land or sea we are in God's hand and 
he careth for us and doeth all things well. 

Dec. 4, On Board the Balduino, approaching Bom- 
bay, India. 



"I saw that some one had chiseled the motto on a 
rock, 'War and Rum must go,' and the following came 
to my mind: 

" Write it on the churchhouse steeple, 
Preachers teach to all the people. 
War and rum must go. 
" Write it on the Congress halls, 
Write it on the schoolhouse walls, 
War and rum must go. 

"Write it in the copy book. 
Where the pupils often look, 
War and. rum must go. 

" Make it ever a standing rule, 
To teach it in the Sunday school; 
War and rum must go. 

" In all the schools throughout the land, 
Let the motto ever stand, 
War and rum must go." 

If the Brethren, the Quakers, the Shakers and the 
Moravians and others can educate and cultivate a 
class of people up to a higher and nobler standard 
of life than war, and bloodshed and up to the standard 
of settling all difficulties peaceably, it is pretty strong 
evidence that if the proper means were used the rest 
of mankind could be educated up to the same standard. 
And if government would spend one-tenth as much 
m training the public up to the same standard of 
moral philosophy, the curse of war would cease. We 
are spending in time of peace about one hundred mil- 
lions every year in educating men in the horrible art 
of killing their fellows. Any system of religion that 
tails to teach the monster evils of war and rum, and the 
universal blessing of " peace on earth," is woefully 

If war and the rum traffic are right then there is 
nothing wrong. And again, if war and making 

drunkards are right, then Christianity is a false sys- 
tem, for they are opposites in every particuar. 

" War and rum " are two principal forces of Satan 
in demoralizing the world and obstructing the progress 
of Christianity. 

The abolition of war and (he rum traffic will be the 
grandest triumph of civilization over barbarism that 
the world ever saw. These great reforms I have no 
doubt can be brought about by properly educating 
the coming generation. 

This country has made wonderful strides in our 
institutions of learning, but the field for advance is 
world-wide yet. There is not a criminall in the jails 
or penitentiary, or running at large, nor a single one 
of the hordes of rumsellers and drunkards, or those 
who advocate war and bloodshed, or those who are 
versed in profanity and vulgarity, that has been proper- 
ly educated. We send our children to the different 
grades of schools where they deliver orations glorify- 
ing war and bloodshed, and the more property and 
lives a man can destroy the greater hero he is. 

If all the children were taught daily in the home 
and in the schools and churches, all the fundamental 
principles of moral philosophy they would know bet- 
ter than to do evil with the delusions that they could 
enjoy the fruits of it. 

Ignorance is the foundation of all crime. 

Secular education is all right as far as it goes, but 
when disconnected with morals, and the fundamentals 
of true religion, it leaves a man lopsided, he is adrift, 
and that is the reason we have immorality and crime. 

It is useless to think of bringing about reforms by 
conquering armies and punishing criminals. 

There should be a uniform system of training the 
young, and this system could be reduced to com- 
prehensive lessons by those who are thoroughly versed 
in the science. As matters now stand, it is not un- 
common for one child to govern two parents and 
its grandmother, and it is an unsettled case during the 
minority of the child. All of this is the result of par- 
ents not knowing how to govern children, and it 
makes parents and children unhappy. 

It seems that if there was a system of training the 
young reduced to plain, simple lessons, and no per- 
son allowed a certificate to teach school, or get a li- 
cense to get married, until they could pass a thorough 
examination in this most important science, it would 
assist in bringing about a much-needed reform. These 
lessons should contain a thorough exposure of the 
monster evils of war and the rum traffic. 

Hart, Mich. 



The sun shone warm and bright in my home in 
Virginia, where a few days before it had been cold 
and gloomy. The snow had almost entirely disap- 
peared. The sparrows chirruped in the hedge. And 
although the holly in the yard, deprived of the pro- 
tection of the woods, had turned into a sickly yellow, 
yet I could see from my window a sprinkling of green 
among the dead culms and blades of grass. It was 
the New Year; and being, as it was, an unusual day 
for the depth of winter, resembling more nearly a 
day of spring, it seemed very suggestive; with" its 
apparent promises of reawakened vegetation and life, 
it inclined me to look forward to a new experience 
in my own life. What that experience shall be I 
know not. Whether I shall live to see the beginning 
of another year is not in my power to know, but I am 
certain that in the experiences of life, however short 
it may be, there will be something new. 

After all, is life entirely monotonous? Is the same 
thing recurring day by day? I pray that it may not 
be so. Truly, we live, move and have our being day 
by day in about the same manner, — we perhaps spend 
our days on the same farm, plow, sow and reap just 
as we have for years, — but is that all of life? Is 
that life at all ? Not to become confused by any 
speculations on so abstruse a subject, I let Paul an- 
swer. "To be spiritually minded is life." True life- 
is not determined by outward circumstances, but con- 
sists in the spirit-mind, the soul of man is a living 

union with the spiritual Godhead. In this life of the 
spirit there is little monotony. If this does exist, there 
is danger that we are spiritually asleep or— dead. 

Some people have a practice of making resolutions 
on New Year. That would be a suitable time for a 
Christian emphatically to repeat one which a scribe 
once made in the presence of Jesus, and one which 
we can well renew each year and each day, " Master, 
I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest." In the 
language of a favorite hymn, we may say, " Where 
he leads, I'll follow." Whatever other resolutions 
are made from time to time, it should be the Chris- 
tian's constant desire and will to follow Christ com- 
pletely. Everything else will easily fall in line. After 
making this resolution, however, we may soon be dis- 
appointed upon coming to realize that it has been 
broken. But this is not an ordinary attempt, to be 
abandoned when we find it cannot be successful at 
once. If we fall, we rise to our feet as best we may 
and follow again; for this purpose should become a 
part of our being. 

You may have heard considerable exhortation on 
this subject, but have passed it by without serious 
thought, considering it good theory, but really too ideal 
to be literally obeyed. Hear Paul: " If we live in the 
Spirit, let us walk in the Spirit," Jesus says, " My 
sheep hear my voice . . . and they follow me." If 
we do not follow the shepherd — what? Do we not 
count ourselves one of his sheep? Then we must hear 
his voice— really and truly hear his voice — and follow 
him. Some one may say, " O yes, God revealed his 

will to the early disciples by his Spirit, but we ." 

Is God's power limited to certain times and seasons? 
is it true that the promise of the Spirit to lead men 
into all truth was only intended for the early Chris- 
tians? Lord, increase. our faith! May we lay hold of 
God's eternal Word and believe that he meant that 
we should hear his voice and follow him. 

And we are not to follow him blindly. Sometimes 
we profess to be following him every clay, and yet 
could not point out a single definite instance of his 
leadership. How uncertain! Arc we not following 
afar off? We ought to be able to know certain times 
when we are evidently and truly led by Jesus. How- 
ever closely the disciples may follow, he may not be 
able at the time to see God's hand in everything; but 
if he knows no experience of divine guidance, he must 
not be following as closely as he should. 

So, then, not only on New Year, but continual- 
ly let us resolve to follow Jesus wheresoever he may 
lead us, and follow him intelligently, as we follow 
our father or our friend. If we do so, I feel satis- 
fied that life will not be altogether monotonous. Ev- 
ery year we will be led into new experiences. And we 
can trust that the new experiences will be richer and 
fuller each year, and as the new years come and go 
we can more solemnly, and yet more gladly, say, " Mas- 
ter, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest." 

Elizabcthtoam, Pa. 



A few days ago I was passing through Roanoke 
City and stopped over night with a friend. As it was 
the night for the Christian Workers' meeting, he 
invited me to go to church with him. Of course I 
gladly accepted the invitation. The crowd was small, 
but the interest was good, and I went away feeling 
that it was good for me to be there. 

But the one thing which impressed me the most 
was that every sister present, both old and young, 
(though they were nearly all young), wore her prayer 
covering and had her bonnet off during the services. 
They were letting their light shine. Why is the prayer 
covering regarded so lightly by some? ■ 

Dear sisters, those of you who seldom wear the 
prayer covering, or if you do keep it hid by the bonnet, 
are you ashamed to let your light shine? Jesus said, 
" Let your light so shine that men may see your good 
works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven." 
Let us not be ashamed to let our light shine; for if 
we are, Jesus will some day be ashamed of us. 
Dalex'ille, Va. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 







Obedience, a Condition of Loyalty. 


Feet-washing, a Religious Rite. 


The Lord's Supper. 


The Cup and Loaf. 


The Christian Salutation. 


Anointing the Sick with Oil. 



Associated very closely with the supper which 
Christ ate with his disciples on the night of his be- 
trayal was this special memorial service which Paul 
in I Cor. io: 16 designates as 

The Communion. 

" The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the 
communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which 
we break, is it not the communion of the body of 
Christ?" This peculiar form of interrogative sen- 
tences, though expressed in a negative form, is really 
stronger than the simple declarative setting. The 
word comes from the Latin communio which denotes 
fellowship, union; (2) mutual intercourse or union 
in religious worship, or in doctrine or discipline; (3) 
The body of Christians who have one common faith 
and discipline. (4) The act of communicating the sac- 
raments of the eucharist, etc. In all of these defini- 
tions it is clearly seen that there must be union be- 
fore there can be a communion, as the term implies 
a common union. Paul says: "For by one Spirit 
are we all baptized into one body, whether we be 
Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and 
have all been made to drink into one Spirit." I Cor. 
12:13. And, again, "There is one body and one 
Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your call- 
ing; one Lord, one faith, one baptism," etc. Eph. 
4:4, 5. This leads us now to the consideration of 
what is termed 

Close Communion. 

Argument First. We are not surprised that 
the greater part of the Protestant churches com- 
mune together, for there is an agreement in 
most of their faith and practice, and yet the 
division line of administration is clearly visible. 
Even with the most liberal the line must 
be drawn against certain individuals; and the church 
must judge of their fitness. Let us see if this asser- 
tion can be properly supported by the Scriptures. 
" Now we command you, brethren, in the name of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves 
from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not 
after the tradition which he received of us." 2 Thess. 
3:6. " But now I have written unto you not to keep 
company, if any man that is called a brother be a 
fornicator, or covetous, or an idolator, or a railer, 
or a drunkard, or an extortioner ; with such an one, 
no, not to eat. For what have I to do to judge them 
also that are without? Do not ye judge them that 
are within? But them that are without God judgeth. 
Therefore put away from among yourselves that wick- 
ed .person." I Cor. 5:11-13. Here is lawful and 
reasonable judgment that can be exercised by the 
church regarding her own members, but she has no 
right to go outside and dictate or enforce a line of 
conduct, neither will she assume the authority to 
single out qualified communicants from other church- 
es; and since we have the above prohibition we should 
not indiscriminately invite them to the Lord's table. 

Argument Second. The apostle says: -"And he 
that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth 
not of faith ; for whatsoever is not of faith is sin." 
Rom. 14:23. .Suppose we make a general invitation 
to the Lord's table and some are thus induced to par- 
take of these holy emblems who do not have proper 
faith in the ordinances of feet-washing and the Lord's 
supper that precede this sacrament, could we rightfully 
commune together ? 

Argument Third. There is a greater danger of eat- 
ing with one who is averse to the plain teachings of the 
Bible than with the one who just simply cannot un- 

derstand them as we do. Paul again says: "Be ye 
not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for 
what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteous- 
ness? and what communion hath light with dark- 
ness?" etc. 2 Cor. 6: 14. 

Argument Fourth. The author of the communion 
was a close communionist. In fact, he was seclusive. 
Of the many who must have believed on him at that 
time, he chose to eat only with the twelve, or eleven 
as many suppose. For Judas had probably gone out 
after the supper. 

Of What did the Eucharist Consist? 
The answer is short and will not be disputed — sim- 
ply the cup and loaf; nothing more. To give it a 
Bible name Paul calls it communion as we show above, 
but tile elements of bread and wine are never termed 
the " Lord's supper " anywhere in the Bible. Whence 
comes this misapplication then ? From the same source 
that many other changes come from, an attempt to 
drop whatever is not congenial to our aesthetic natures. 
The bread that was used was unleavened and the 
contents of the cup was called the " fruit of the vine " 
and was no doubt unfermentcd. Both may have T)een 
used in the celebration of the Lord's supper, but both 
were especially set apart now by the Savior for sac- 
ramental use to commemorate his mangled body and 
shed blood. 

How Often Should Communion be Taken? 
This is indefinite. Both Christ and Paul inform 
us of its holy purpose, but simply say " as oft," " as 
often " as his followers engage in its sacred observance 
they " show forth the Lord's death till he comes." 

But we are asked if the disciples did not meet on 
" the first day of the week to break bread." Yes, that 
is true, but there is no mention made of the cup in 
connection with these meetings. The early Christians 
did even more than we sometimes want to think. 
Take one illustration : " And they, continuing daily 
with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread 
from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness 
and singleness of heart," etc. Acts 2 : 46. Two other 
conditions now arise. ( I ) The bread was not broken 
in the temple as a church ordinance, but from " house 
to house." (2) They ate meat " with gladness and 
singleness of heart." Much stress is also laid upon 
the fact of the disciples meeting on the first day of 
the week to break bread as recorded in Acts 20. But 
here again no mention is made of the " cup." It was 
evidently after midnight when bread was broken and 
not about 110011 as many observe it in our day. Paul 
says: " For I have received of the Lord that which al- 
so I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus the 
same night in which he was betrayed took bread: and 
when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, 
eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this 
do in remembrance of me. After the same manner 
also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, 
This cup is the new testament in my blood, this do 
ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me," etc. 
1 Cor. 1 1 : 24-26. 

In order that this holy communion may be properly 
observed the " annual visit " is paid by the deacons 
to each member of the church and all difficulties are 
adjusted before coming to the Lord's table. It is 
also ascertained whether they are in the proper faith 
to partake of the emblems. Then on communion day 
there are self-examination services in which each one 
is expected to prepare his heart by God's help that 
there be no leaven of malice, guilt, hypocrisy, etc., lurk- 
ing there, but that these services might be means of 
growth in grace and in the knowledge of our Lord 
Jesus Christ. 
Flora, Ind. 


There is a fundamental difference between John 
and the earlier Gospel writers which is not always 
made clear. The latter present the ethical side of 
Jesus' teaching, because his doctrine of the spiritual 
life was not yet well understood ; John, however, pre- 
sents the spiritual side, since he was writing to those 
who already had insight into the spiritual life. John's 
Gospel becomes clearer looked at from this stand- 
point. This view gives the reason for his using so 
many mystical conceptions without explaining them ; 
for he knew they were in current use if not fully under- 

One of these mystical conceptions is fundamental 
in all of Jesus' teaching — that there is a constant, abid- 
ing presence of an invisible Father. The doctrine was 
new to the Jews : they had no such conception of God. 
they looked upon him as a powerful King who must 
be feared, but not as a Father. Jesus always called 
him Father and recognized the Divine Presence. " O 
righteous Father, the world knew thee not, but I 
knew thee." 

This is an essential but a neglected doctrine of 
Christianity to-day. But how about the recognition 
of the Presence? It certainly will make a great dif- 
ference in the acts of a believer, if he recognizes the 
presence of the Father. By this recognition Jesus was 
able to do surpassingly great works. But he also 
said " Greater works than these shall ye do." Jesus 
always addressed his Father as one who was immedi- 
ately present. Can we say with him, I am not alone? 
The fact of the presence of the Father leads to 
another fundamental truth which Jesus taught: that 
the Spirit of the Father is in the spiritual man : " Be- 
lieve me that I am in the Father and he in me." It 
is a great thought. The indwelling Father's Spirit, 
Jesus says, will speak in us and for us. He said the 
disciples should take no thought what they should 
speak when they were delivered into prison. Not only 
in danger, but at all times will the spirit speak through 
the spiritual man ; for in proportion as men become 
spiritual will the spirit actuate them ; and when the 
Father's Spirit speaks the connection is intimate. 
Then can one say as Jesus did : I and the Father are 

On another occasion Jesus said : It is not I that 
speak, but the Spirit of the Father. It is a self-evident 
truth that the Father says through the spiritual man 
will be different from what the worldly man says. In- 
deed, the latter may not understand the former at all, 
and even so far as to discredit him altogether, so 
he said of Jesus that he had "an unclean spirit." 
Jesus claimed to recognize the voice of the Father as 
speaking to him. This is another great thought. The 
spiritual man may not only recognize God's voice, 
speaking through another, but also as speaking to him. 
Jesus said and did many things which are hard to ac- 
count for on any other basis, such as eating with sin- 
ners and publicans. His intellectual greatness is be- 
yond questioning, but it makes the explanation of 
. such acts clearer to admit that this communication 
from the Father was a constant source of information 
to Jesus, and only to a lesser degree also to his fol- 
lowers. This fact is providential ; for it would be dis- 
astrous to correct spiritual guidance to have to de- 
pend wholly on human instruction. Only at rare 
intervals have men been safe guides; even then, a 
Moses or an Isaiah built nothing permanent. Jesus 
had perfect communication with the Father's Spirit — 
that made him a perfect teacher of the way of life. 

The great fact of the presence of an invisible Father 
and his communication with his servants give au- 
thority to Jesus' teaching, especially because he spoke 
from spiritual experience. He had correct experience : 
he tested its worth for human life by raising the dead 
and afterward applied it to his own resurrection. So 
he could well say: Believe me for my work's sake. 
In his thought it was impossible that the Father would 
give a wrong experience or. lead into a wrong path. 
Perhaps lesser men in Christ's time and since had this 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 


spiritual communication, but failed to interpret the 
divine voice correctly. Jesus never mistook the com- 
munication though iri thfe g&rderi; it would seem* he 
hesitated for a moment to yield, yet in the same mo- 
ment he said : " Not my but thy will be done." Ho 
proved the truth of his teaching and gave it to us iri 
this tested form. In this respect Jesus was a scientist 
who worked truth and tested its worth. He demon- 
strated the power of his truth for regenerating hu- 
man life even to healing the leper and raising the dead. 

It seems clear that the problem of inspiration must 
be settled fltialty oti the basis of art intelligent spiritual 
communication. There has been much learned dis- 
cussion over the doctrine that God's Spirit can speak 
through men. The fact is clear and admitted; but the 
method is the bugbear of discussion. Whatever it 
was in biblical times, do men to-day share in this di- 
vine communication? Why hot? But men's spiritual 
insight is generally too weak so tha't the results are 
generally not assuring. Men have developed an un- 
favorable spiritual attitude ; much doubt and fear have 
entered into spiritual thinking. The scientific or so- 
called " natural " side of life has become highly de- 
veloped at the expense of spiritual values. But what- 
ever friay be the cause" of failure in correct spiritual 
communication, the remedy is ndt easy. Jesus asserted 
continually that he was taught by the Father. H£ 
said this knowing that the Father would teach men 
who sought him aright. He urges all men to seek 
him in their best intelligence. 

The further question suggests itself naturally. How 
can we obtain this certain spiritual communication? 
It is easier to tell how than to obtain it ; but that is 
the fault of the seeker. Jesus says: Ask, seek, knock. 
This is the method ; but men do not put enough earnest- 
ness in the asking, seeking, -and knocking. Certainly 
an occasional prayer, or a spasmodic desire for it does 
not bring it. It takes intensity of desire, vehemence 
of spirit, and persistency to obtain it, like one who 
searches for a lost treasure, or unfalteringly in the face 
of great difficulties seeks a higher education. It was 
by importunity that the man got the loaf of bread. 
By clinging to the angel Jacob got the blessing. To- 
day the side is toward commercialism ; there is great 
material progress ; but this is not favorable to the de- 
velopment of the higher spiritual aptitudes which har- 
monize with the Divine Spirit. Even much that is 
best in the educational world to-day tends away from 
a clearer spiritual insight. Spiritual values are below 
par. But it is fortunate that God's Spirit abides still 
in men and that those who think deeply and live near 
him are his agents to lead the world to work out its 
salvation along the only right way which Jesus re- 
vealed by first living it himself. 

St. Louis, Mo. 



This will be an event in the world's history that 
should be of more than ordinary interest to all of us. 
The first coming of Christ, when he came as a babe, 
was the most important event that had yet occurred in 
God's dealings with the world. His second appear- 
ance, when he shall come without sin unto salvation, 
taking vengeance upon them that know not God, and 
obey not the Gospel of our Lord and Savior Jesus 
Christ, will also be a most important event in the 
world's history. 

From various scriptures we learn that Christ is to 
"lake his second appearance. As far back as in the 
5 days of Enoch, before the flood, we discover that his 
second coming was predicted. In Matthew 24 much 
's said concerning this event. Turning to the first 
chapter of Acts, we have the plainest language on 
this subject to which we can refer in the New Testa- 
ment. It was after the Savior had risen from the' 
(lead, after he had appeared unto his disciples a num- 
ber of times, that he led them out to the Mount of 
Olives, and there they saw him taken up from the 
earth. " And while they looked steadfastly toward 
heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them 
m white apparel ; which also said, Why stand ye gaz- 

ing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken 
up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner 
as ye have seen him go into heaven." 

This language, spoken to the apostles, gave them 
hope. It gave the'ni a foundation 1 for faith and hope, 
for they had not yet understood the mission of Jesus. 
They were of the opinion that he was to establish him- 
self as king; but he had been crucified upon the cross 
he had died and been buried, arid had risen from the 
dead, and now they see him taken up into heaven. 
And yet when it is proclaimed that he is to return lri 
a like manner to the earth it gives them hope. Our 
Savior, then, as we understand, is to make his second 
appearance upon the earth. 

The question arises, When will he come? It is a 
matter of importance in the -minds of the people to 
know when he is coming, that they may be ready for 
him. We would like to know the year, day or the 
hour. The Savior plainly told the disciples, " But of 
that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels 
of heaven, but rtly Father only." The Father knows 
the time of the Savior's second coming, but the angels 
themselves are not aware of it. And if the angels 
of heaven know not the time, why should we try to 
pry into it? -Men of remarkable ability, from the early 
ages to the present time,- have been prophesying con- 
cerning the day when our Savior should appear. 
They have all failed in their calculations. 

We need not expect to know the time, but we are 
told to be ready, to watch and pray, for in such an 
hour as we think not, the Son of mart cometh. As 
it was in the days of Noah, so shall it be in the Com- 
ing of the Son of man. In the days of Noah the peo- 
ple went about their business, in their crime, in their 
wickedness, and so will it be at the coming of Christ. 

I do not doubt but that all of us would like to 
know when the second coming of Christ will be, and 
perhaps if we knew Christ were coming the middle 
of next week, some would do nothing but pray and 
want to return to their good old fathers and mothers. 
But if you are ready for his coming, this will be a 
good place for you to meet the Master when he ap- 

Now, my friends, I do not know when Christ is com- 
ing. If Christ were to come while I am living, I 
would want him to find me right at my desk, hard at 
work. If I were on the farm I would like him to 
find me at my post doing my duty. Were I in school, 
I would like the Master to find me hard at work on 
my studies. Were I in any kind of honorable busi- 
ness, I would like him to find me engaged right in 
that kind of work ; because, whatever we do, we 
ought to be willing that the Lord should find us in 
that work. 

Brethren, do not get the idea that, when the Lord 
comes, you must quit your business in order to get 
ready to meet him. We want to get ready to meet 
the 'Lord right now, and then, when he does come, 
we shall be ready for him, whether we be at home 
or abroad. If we are from home, it will be just as well 
for us as though we were at home. The wife wants 
to be ready to meet her Master when her husband 
is absent, as well as when he is at home. My friends 
here at church want to be as much prepared to meet 
Jesus in this building as they would be were they at 
home under their parents' roofs. 

When he comes, the Jews will be restored to their 
native land. Then will that mighty angel descend 
from heaven with the key of the bottomless pit and a 
great chain in his hand, and shall lay hold upon Satan, 
that old serpent, and bind him, and cast him into the 
bottomless pit, and shut the door upon him, and set 
a seal upon him for a thousand years. When Satan 
is bound, then the first resurrection will come to pass, 
viz, the resurrection of the just, — the saints over whom 
the second death is to have no power. All those who 
have died in Christ shall come forth and be numbered 
among those who were first resurrected. There will 
be two resurrections, the resurrection of the just and 
the resurrection of the unjust. The resurrection of 
the just shall take place at the coming of our Lord, 
while the resurrection of the wicked will not take place 
until one thousand years afterward. 

I wonder if we can comprehend that one thousand 
years' reign with Christ upon the earth ! How long 

will that be? It has been not quite nineteen hundred 
years since Jesus Christ left the earth. Take a little 
more than half of that and you have the length of a 
thousand years. Go back only a few hundred years 
to the discovery of America and see the developments 
that have been made in the Western world. The land, 
which four hundred years ago, had not a civiized be- 
ing in it, now contains the most powerful and one of 
the most civilized nations of the earth. But as I said, 
Christ shall reign upon the earth and take charge of 
the government during that period. 

Mark you, he is to be the King of kings, not only 
the King of kings, but Lord of lords. He will rule 
all nations,— every government that will be upon the 
face of the earth. One great thing will be out of the 
way, Satan' will be bound, and thus the hand of evil 
will be bound. With Satan out of the way, the power 
behind sin is gone, and then the saints can control sin. 
The trouble now is we have Satan's power to work 
against in the world ; but when Jesus comes Satan 
will be bound for a thousand years, and there will be 
a long period without Satan's influence against the 
work of God. Besides that, we will have the personal 
rule of Christ upon the earth, to direct all things by 
his divine wisdom, in keeping with his holy system 
of government. 

Therefore I say to every one in this house, Do not 
stop studying because you think Jesus Christ will 
come. But keep right on in your studies, because 
another field will be open to you beyond that period. 

But you who have not yet named the name of Christ, 
you who have not yet given your heart to Jesus, turn 
away from your sins and give your hearts to him, 
for the time is coming when Christ will come to take 
vengeance upon them who know not God, and obey not 
the Gospel of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. He 
will come to men contemplated by those Scriptures 
that relate to the judgment, when by the angel of death 
they are summoned into his awful presence to give an 
account of either condemnation or exaltation. " But 
when the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all 
the angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne 
of his glory, and before him shall he gathered all the 
nations : he shall separate them one from another, as 
the shepherd separated! the sheep from the goats," is 
perhaps an august pictorial setting forth of the tre- 
mendous fact that Jesus is invested with judicial 
powers, and judges the lives of men as they are 
brough before him by that ubiquitous sheriff called 

Neiv Paris, Ind. 


The following incident from the early manhood 
of the late Gen. Clinton B. Fisk is but one case in 
many: He had thrown himself into business pursuits 
after his marriage, and gradually had ceased to think 
of religion. One night about four years after his 
marriage his little three-year-old daughter came and 
knelt at his knee to say her evening prayer. It was 
a trying experience to the young father, especially 
when Mary prayed, " God bless papa and mamma." 
It was still worse when, rising to kiss him good-night, 
the child asked: "Papa, why don't you pray?" He 
made some light answer and went off to the bank to 
balance his accounts. But he was deeply moved. 
When he returned home and he and his wife were 
alone he said : " Did you hear the question Mary asked 
me?" "Yes, Clinton, I heard it," answered Mrs. 
Fisk. " Well, Jenny, I've been thinking it all over, 
and I've made up my mind that with God's help we'll 
have the prayer there ought to be in this household 
hereafter. If you'll hand me the Bible we'll begin 
now." They did so; the family altar was reared, and 
never after, either in sunshine -or in storm, was it tak- 
en down. 


Every real and searching effort at self-improve- 
ment is, of itself, a lesson of profound humility. For 
we cannot move a step without learning and feeling 
the waywardness, the weakness, vacillation of our 
movements, or without desiring to be set upon the 
rock that is higher than ourselves.— W. E, Gladstone. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 

" ^^XK^M^sT- It iT^t^^an, °< °^«™ ^l^^^^^^ 

suffering untold loss, both or time and eternity , f rort ? Uke ^ UIy ._ Hosea 14: s . Growing as •«. my m ea f 

by Howard miller. the lack f firmness and decision, tins is more or ^ ^ ^ pnrUyj holiness From the filthiest soil the 

. less due to the laxity and carelessness on the part of ffly raises . (s ^^ whi|c petals to the su „ii E bt, teach- 

text: Visit the Sick, members ■ the doors or avenues, of the heart, are left , ng the grand , csson that we, among the most unfa- 
ir you look up the written record of Christ you ^ ^ ^^ ^.^ ^ .^ q£ ^.^ vanity] ^^ surroundingS] can , ive , life of purity and de- 
will be surprised at the extent and amount of ms J va w| or y. Thus the church is in danger votion to God. 

nerval ministrations, to those about him, in a mate- fashion TO g y Like Watered Qarden and an Un failmg Sprmg.-Isa. 

^.Tatthew includes,! in the essent.fs of ad .M«. ££-£ ^wo^ ^ ^ ""for^ 

mission to the kingdom. Nothing so preys c ^^ gove rnment is the superabundance of elders ^ ^.^ fu „ y nnderstoodi he drew their attention 

mind of a sick person as the sense ot seclusion ^^ ^ ^ con g regat ion. The elder in charge may to the beauty of a we ll- w atered garden, one that cheered 

friends, and the seeming exclusion from their thoughts. maintaining and carrying out its owner and rewarded' his faithful toil. Then he 

In fact it has been the case with a good many of us be lo and ^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^ ^ of its fruitftilness^the ne 

that he is dead and buried. there ougni ™ mct and defeated in every effort to retain proper q{ h ^ and are you drawing from , he never- 

excuse for this. Inside the door of every church mere ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ but seems ^.^ ^.^ 

should be a slate, and written thereon, by one v. no ^ ^^ ^ ^^ for ^ nonconformed principles. 9 Lilte christ^Rom. 6:5; Philpp. 3:21; 1 John 3:2. 

business it is to know, the name of every sick person » ^ ^ becommg somewhat There is nothing so good as having a perfect pattern, 

in the church community, and also such few worded fn|it|ess effortS| either st ops to with- and this we have in Christ. David in F» 16:U W 

r ■ m. *. *u«* ..-ill tfll the reader whether * Udlltu u . ,, • ,,,. ■■ r chafl be satisfied when I awake in his likeness. 

matters of interest that will tell the ^ emmy along ^ , ine Qr reslgns the overslght ^ shall be ^^ (o ^.^ growth but none 

or not a visit is in order. o{ me dn|rch altogether . Let us ponder over this as (]ie and spotless lifc of Christ. 

The thing to remember is that our time Will come ^ ^ .^ q{ ^^ are ^ 

too, and while it is perhaps a selfish motive yet ■ ^ CHRISTIAN WORKERS' TOPIC. 

is also the golden rule, that is never amiss. Une ot __ v 

the hall-marks of a Christian is that he does not confine SISTERS , missionary SOCIETY OF WAYNES- For Sunday Evenins. Februar y s, 19Q 5. 

himself in visiting the sick to only his own kind. ' BORO, PENNSYLVANIA. .. ^„ „.-„„ ^ — 

The noor and the lowly, are as fit or fitter subjects . THE MARRIAGE SUPPER. 

lhe poor, ana tne lowiy, During the year 1904 the Sisters' Missionary Circle 

than those better circumstanced. Th dying tramp ^ c ^ y £4^ ^^^ ^.^ ^^ ^^ Psa . 19: 1-10. 

said that he knew "^™^J sister who had Twelve of these were regular monthly business meet- The Preparation of and invitation ,0 ,he Feast, ha. 

t0 /for 1 m Y s , t, « s Sand y ou visit Christ, mgs, fourteen were meetings especially to sew. The 2S: 6; Luke 14: .6, 17. 

cared for hint. Yes. visit the sick, ana > ^^ ^^ . made ^^ ^.^ an(] gingham aprons Speakers .'. ! ! . ! . . ! . ! ! . 

Elgin. I"- f adults eating aprons for children, bonnets and • '.".'"",'~",''",'"t I u.ia. 

-»- lor auuna, caung "H . _. Aston i s hi ne Unanim ty of RefusaL Luke 14: IB- 
POPULARITY, shirt waist protectors. Some of these articles were II. The Astomstung u 

sold, others were donated. Several of the comforts ke ' rs 

by J. berkevbile. ^^ donated to the Antietam church and are much ap- " ' ;" 

H ming an interview with a member of a- popular predated at love feast occasions by those who re- m The Invitation E!ite nded and Made More Urgent. 

1 '1, r i»,„»rl «nme of the causes of their decline main at the church during the night. The money re- Luke 14:21-24. 

"; A!" --to the preacher be- ce.ved from the sewing was usually placed in the gen- „ Come. (b) Bring. (c, Constrain them. 

"nd the sacked stand-" Like priest, like people." eral fund of our treasury and used for general pur- Speakers "-"/Z.. 

Churches have become spirit-wed with the world and poses. We also have an 1"^ fund from ^ which we ■— ^^ ^^ .„ Accepting 

the devil They have crucified Christ between two pay $32 yearly for the support of two India orphans. ^ lnvitation j 

thieves, pride and pleasure. Therefore they are From our third fund the churc V^W^ L The Preparation of and Invitation ,0 the Feast, 

enticed to frivolity, and pleasure, dancing, card- money subscribed by the circle for our new church P ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

playing and theater-going have sapped the very This year we have paid $» from this fund. At our oy " ^ r ^ mp P tjon o[ Israel and , hc restoration of 

life out of their churches. Their doors are regular monthly meetings the members have the pnvi- ^ ^^ ^ ^^ chAt . s peaceful reign is , con . 

ooen for feastine and fun. This kind of " raz- lege of contributing to either or all of the three funds. dition worthy of our earnest efForts . 

^rXs ;,: „r^rft cream and'fun' it ? contribution during the year to the iruss.n ^ at ^™£%5Z^tt£SZ 
takes ,0 run it, and the faster it runs to perdition Palestine Ark.; also sent two ba, r 1 of provisions 

ing with the world and the devil, thereby confusing completion of our new church all of our meetings are -^'^ tQ wh , ch „ attaclled . silk , ine and gold 

and corrupting the minds of the people and incurring held in the Sisters Circle room which is built ,n the ^^ ^^ Hs ^^.^ hook int0 the watcr] climbs 

the awful condemnation pronounced on those who add rear of the church. The furnishings for this room, omo a rock where he can watch them play about his 

♦ 1. f m the wnrd of the oroohecv of the Book, consisting of carpet, two sewing machines, table, stove, hook and says . « Now all you fish come and fasten your- 

to or take from he word the prop 1 ec> th : V ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ and ni puH yQu ou( „ Slmply glv . 

The enemy IS lodging behind the pulpit and he preach quUtmg semiannua , visits of ing them a chance will no. do for fish or men. 

er wants him there It ^^"L e wit h he arc, to he members in town were made in the „i. The InviLation Extended and made more Urgent, 

leader to step on the rostrum and masquerade ^ ^^ ^^ about 25q ^ ^ ^^ ^ be£n .^.^ and 

the world and the devil ...,-• , homes durine the year Our motto is :" Cast thy entreated to come to this gospel feast by the d.ffusion 

But I cannot leave this subject without giving a homes during the ear. uur mo to > of , hc Scriptures, the erection of convenient places of wor- 

word of warning .0 us. God invested Samson with bread upon the waters ; for tho „: sha ^rt after ^^ t , P e ministry of , he Word, 

ereat power but when he laid his head in the lap of many clays. Sudie M. Wingert. (fc) ^ ^ comm , ssion t0 the apostles was broadened 

Delilah, and she nursed him to sleep, God took his Waynesboro, Pa. ^_^_ and the ^^^^T^T^^Z 

power from him, and the result was he lost his eye= PRA YER MEETING. bring them. The order is imperative. Aid societies and 

and for his folly became literally blind. Let us be ^ evangelistic efforts are in demand. 

careful and not lay our heads in the devil's lap. He __ _^^JZ^l?°~ ~™~™ " y ■ ■ " (c) Not yet satisfied with results we must constrain (R. 

will lull our spiritual eyes to sleep and we will meet a BIBLE PICTURES OF THE WIDE-AWAKE V.) the heathen, through our faithful missionaries. The 

worse fate than did Samson. Spiritual blindness will CHRISTIAN.-l Tim. 4: 12, 16. last and great commission of our Sav.or was to go m ^ 

, all the world and preach the gospel to every creature. 

be our dootn. ^ ^ ^ w;se Man _ Mat , 7 . 24 . Deul . 32:29 . P , anted The promlse wiu sure l y follow, "He that believeth and 

Rummel, Fa. ^ ^ Qai .^ good soi] he can Bourish in Christ. Matt. is baptized shall be saved." 

CHURCH POLITY 15:13; Ha. 61:3. , , IV. What was my Greatest Hindrance in Accepting 

CHUR CH PO L11Y. 2. Like the Palm Tree.-Psa. 92: 12, 13. Grow outward the Invitation? 

BY C. H. BROWN. » nd ^'^ ^ ^"^ ^ "'^ "^ b ° Un ' e " Some people object to relating experiences because they 

ous fruit. , , i; t tip tr> relate Afflicted people often 

CHURCH polity is somlthTng in which every loyal 3. Like the Cedar Tree. ^2^ ^ehfishlybut ^^^lo't^^y of how some one was 

member of the church should be interested, because — ->- ^,1^ ,0 serve cured of a similar malady or .0 relate their own expen- 

of the fact that the prosperity of the church, as well , Like the , ive Tree ._Psa. 52:8. Growth in spiritual ence to a ff"™^"™^ the . r eNperienC es with the in- 

as the external interests of the individual members, life is the best evidence of genuine conversion. Get eter a^ J^ ^_^ Sanhedrim after healing the lame 

to a great extent, depend upon proper government. right yourself and inspire others. "™ L 

From the study of God's Word, as well as from ex- 5. Like a Tree = y Jhe Rivers of ^er^Psa. UJ. « ^^ ^ o{ , fi 

perience, we are convinced that every bishop, or house- ^ ^;r ti ,™ 0U g times, viz, (1) To Barnabas, Acts 9 27 (2) at Ant.och, 

keeper, should possess and manifest three divine char- 6 Lik( , a Good Tre e._M a tt. 3:10; John 15:6. 8. There is Acts 14: 27; (3) at I?™ 5 "'™'. Ac 5 ? to ' Agrippa, Acts 26. 

acteristics,— love, forbearance and decision. a test for real worth, and in men, as in trees, it means pie at Jerusalem, c s 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 





In pastures green? Not always; sometimes he 
Who knoweth best, in kindness leadeth me 
In weary ways, where heavy shadows be; 

Out of the sunshine warm and soft and bright, 
Out of the sunshine into darkest night, 
I oft would faint with sorrow and affright, 

Only for this, I know he holds my hand; 
So whether led in green or desert land, 
I trust, although I may not understand. 

But when the storms beat loudest and I cry 
Aloud for help, the dear Lord standeth by, 
And whispers to my soul, " Lo, it is I!" 

North Manchester, Ind. 


I suppose that ever since our first parents were 
driven out of paradise there has been more or less 
unrest in the human soul. But time, conditions and 
circumstances have more or less modified and inten- 
sified its forces and effects. It may be considered a 
disease and, at times, develops into a passion which 
becomes so strong and avaricious that it sweeps every- 
thing before it, as heartless as a maddened animal 
and as cruel as death. It blunts all of the finer and 
more tender feelings of the soul, ignores human 
relations, gives a deaf ear to brotherly and sisterly 
feelings and tramples under foot the most tender love 
of parents. 

It is contagious and becomes epidemic. Like a 
dread disease it throws its seed of contagion all around. 
And because it is proof against quarantine regulations 
it grows to be epidemic, and disaster and death follow 
as a result. 

Our own country, at the present time, seems to be 
drifting rapidly into the epidemic state of this foul 
disease of unrest beyond every other country in the 
world. I was impressed with this fact a few years 
ago while traveling through Europe and the Orient. 
As you travel among and come in touch with the peo- 
ple of the Old World, while their conditions are not as 
good as ours, you notice a more quiet and restful spirit 
among them in their home lives. They are* inclined to 
accept their surrounding as they are, and, in a large 
measure, are satisfied. Their unrest begins only when 
their ears are tickled with the glitter and the gold 
of the world, when liberty sings her sweetest songs 
from morning light to evening darkness, the Irish- 
man's " free-kintry," where every man does as he 
" plazes " and where silver and gold are had for the 
" diggin'." 

Whether, on the whole, such conditions and con- 
tentment are for the better or the worse I shall not stop 
to discuss. But it does give a restful sweetness to 
the soul to see contentment and restfulness on the 
part of the people as they go forward in their daily 
trials of life. 

While in Egypt, in the valley of the Nile, during the 
seedtime, I saw squads of men hoeing in the wheat 
crop, keeping step and hoe stroke to the songs they 
sung, with hearts as light as the birds that warbled 
in the trees by the riverside. Though dwarfed in 
intellect and their souls shrouded in heathen darkness, 
yet their peaceful restfulness made to us a happy con- 
trast to that of groveling greed and the eternal unrest 
that seems to be taking hold upon the minds and hearts 
of our own people. 

We see the dreadful disease making early inroads 
into the minds and actions of the children in our 
homes. The boys catch the spirit of driving sharp 
bargains before they are out of their knee breeches. 

A feeling of unrest, as a malignant disease, seizes 
them, and soon they are in a fever heat. They chafe 
under restraint and thrust themselves into the elements 
of manhood while yet mere children, and thus rob 
themselves of the unwritten sweetness of boyhood 
a nd girlhood. This spirit of unrest is playing havoc 

in the lives of our young men. Instead of devoting 
their early manhood and energies, physical and men- 
tal, to laying a good and solid foundation for a use- 
ful and happy life, they are vitiating their best pos- 
sibilities in tugging for early victories in the financial 
and political world. In other words they are mak- 
ing haste to get rich or to have their names inscribed 
on the roll of fame. The trouble in alt these cases 
is that if they get there, because of lack of preparation 
and needed fitness, they meet disappointment, not 
being large enough to fill the places reached in their 
zeal and haste, like the impatient herald who de- 
termined to run before he received the message. He 
reached the point, but was empty handed. He ran 
without the necessary preparation, and therefore had 
to stand aside to give room for the other young man 
who had waited till the message was received. He 
was prepared for the work which he had to do, and, 
though away behind in the physical race, he was away 
ahead in achievement and success. 

What our young men, and women too, need most 
in these days of unrest, is a careful preparation for 
life's work. First of all, seek the kingdom of God 
and his righteousness. This is the sure foundation. 
Having this, commence adding — common sense, a 
thorough education, and an unblemished character. 
These with a determined purpose, will insure to you 
real success, such as will give you peace and rest here, 
and eternal rest and satisfaction for the life to come. 

This same feeling of unrest is making itself felt 
in the church. It comes as a blight and a mildew, 
searing and rotting everywhere it touches, from bishop 
and minister down. No matter how sacred the po- 
sition or how zealous the incumbent, this direful and 
life-destroying unrest strikes the vitals. Some of our 
elders have, through its touch, slackened their zeal, 
besmirched their character and prostituted their high 
and holy calling. Some of our ministers, through it, 
have caught the spirit of speculation, divided their 
energies, and become accommodation preachers. They 
prepare and preach as the urgency of their business 
will allow. The spirit of unrest has become, their 
master. Him they obey; the other they accommodate 
at their leisure. 

And, as it takes hold and gains the supremacy over 
the older, so it enters into the minds and lives of our 
young, and gradually but surely leads them away from 
the activities of church life. 

Just in proportion as the spirit of unrest — inordi- 
nate desire for worldly preferences, making haste to 
get rich — takes hold of the hearts and minds of the 
church people, they lose zeal and spirit for the service 
of the Master. 

Laugh and speculate as we may against Lawson's 
" Frenzied Finance," it has a being. And not only 
in the banks and private offices of Wall street and 
boards of trade in the larger cities, but also it is 
fanned out in our towns and villages, hamlets and 
byways all over the land. 

And what are the legitimate frtiits? Worldliness 
intensified. The elements of a stream is best deter- 
mined by going to its fountain head. And to under- 
stand the true element of this curse of unrest we must 
go to the men who have generated it, the speculators, 
money grabbers and millionaires. During the Lord's 
Day, while the Gospel is being preached, they may be 
found in their offices, with coats off, wrangling and 
wrestling with stocks and finances of all colors and 

Following the stream downward, our merchants 
will be found at their desks, our farmers at their plows, 
or driving their hogs and steers — or else carrying 
the whole lot along to church and calculating over 
them while the minister is at prayer or preaching. 
And so on, and on. 

What are we going to do about the whole matter? 
Commence house cleaning right at home. Instead of 
harboring and encouraging those things which foster 
a spirit of this kind, supply the homes with matter 
that will develop the better side of life, that will in- 
spire children, boys and girls, men and women to 
think on the things that give peace, satisfaction and 
joy. H. B. B. 


The Sisters' Aid Society .here was reorganized 
Thursday afternoon, Jan. 5, twenty-three being pres- 
ent. The following officers were elected for the en- 
suing year: President, Sister J. J. Noah; vice-presi- 
dent, Sister Joseph Baldwin ; treasurer, Sister C. S. 
barber ; secretary, Sister Hagens. The society is re- 
ceiving large quantities of new cloth from the aid 
societies in different 'parts of the Brotherhood, also 
many boxes of clothing; and in this way we are able to 
clothe the majority of children who attend our Sunday 
school. Any needing garments can attend the meeting 
of the society every Thursday afternoon, and they will 
be furnished the cloth, cut out ; all they have to do then 
is to complete the garment before taking it home, and 
it is theirs. The society is in a flourishing condition. 

Our mission band, composed of little folks, which 
has been somewhat neglected for some weeks, met 
last Saturday afternoon at the church. There were 
twenty-three in attendance. The little ones are taught 
how to sew, make small garments and piece quilts. 
This band meets every Saturday afternoon, and is pre- 
sided over by the president. The Wakenda Sunday 
school sent us a good donation for our work here. 

J. J. Noah. 

St. Joseph, Mo. 


Our society was organized Nov. 4, 1903. From that 
time to the end of the year 1904 we met twenty-three 
times, with an average attendance of nine. Our work 
has been sewing, quilting, making caps and bonnets, 
piecing comfort tops and making comforts, and pre- 
paring clothing for the needy. During this time we 
have received money and goods to the amount of 
$72.17 by collection, work and donations. Paid out 
$71.93 for various purposes. We sent one box of 
clothing and bedding to Brooklyn, N. Y., and one to 
St. Joseph, Mo. We helped two needy families with 
provisions, gave $5 to the colored mission. We gave 
to a poor sister and family a Thanksgiving offering, 
consisting of a box of clothing, bedding and food. 
Sister Mary Bowman is our president, Rebecca Bow- 
man our vice-president, Mary Blosser treasurer. 

Eliza Sharper, Sec. 

Harrisonburg, Va., Jan. p. 


During the year ending Dec, 31, 1904, twenty-three 
meetings were held, with an average attendance of 
eight. We made three quilts, six bonnets and seventy- 
four prayer coverings, also many other articles, from 
which we realized $32.35. fn all we have paid out 
$31.71, ten of which was paid for a bookcase for (he 
church library; $3.84 for dishes and knives and forks 
for the church; $1.75 for freight on boxes sent out, 
and the remainder for goods, etc., for the society work. 
Four boxes of goods were sent to the Winona mission 
and one sack to St: Jospeh, Mo. These contained about 
two hundred and sixty-five garments, besides many 
small articles which the Sunday-school children helped 
to gather for the last three boxes, which were special 
Christmas boxes. We have a balance on hand of 
$11.05. Mary Heagley, Sec. 


On Sept. 24, 1904, the sisters of the Payette church 
organized an Aid Society, with Sister Ella Roda- 
baurdi as president. Beginning with nine members, 
we met every two weeks. Until Jan. 1 we had held six 
meetings. We have made three comforters, pieced and 
quilted one quilt, made two shirts, and arc piecing a 
comfort top. We have received $6.55 and paid out 
$6.05, leaving 50 cents in the treasury. Average at- 
tendance, 11. Average collection, $.90. With the new 
year we start on a more active campaign for the Lord, 
with Sister Ello Rodabaugh as our president again. 
These meetings are proving both pleasant and bene- 
ficial. We are only beginners and we hope the Lord 
will bless the work in our hands to his glory. 

Rose Snowberger, Sec. 


'i. 1 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 




Brethren Publishing House, 

publishing agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 

22 and 24 South stats Street, Elgin, ill. 

n T M,lle« Illinois 1 I !■ H. Moots, - • Office Editor. 

Advlaorj committee: 
W. R. Deeter. Edward Frantz. Geo. S. Arnold. 

[^-All business and communications intended lor the paper should be 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin. III., and not to any 
Individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., as Second class Matter. 

Next week we shall publish a number of articles 
on the church name question. 

Bro. M. H. Spicher, of Independence Hill, Va., 
should hereafter be addressed at Ridgely, Md., R. F. 
D. No. 3. 

Bro. Dorsey Hodgden is holding a revival in the 
Greenville church, Ohio. Ten have thus far put on 
Christ in baptism. 

The Brethren at Pearl City, 111., are engaged in 
a revival meeting. Bro. J. F. Spitzer, of Summitville, 
Ind., is doing the preaching. 

Bro. E. M. Cobb spent a few days at North Man- 
chester, Ind., this week, delivering Bible Land talks 
at the special Bible institute. 

A series of meetings was held at what is known 
as the Rheems house, Pa. Six persons accepted the 
faith and will now serve the Lord. 

Bro. Galen B. Royer is spending some weeks in 
the East, delivering special talks at the Bible terms at 
Bridgewater, Va., and Huntingdon, Pa. 

Bro. J. A. Dove held a very successful meeting in 
the Germantown church, Va. Thirty persons came 
out on the Lord's side and are now numbered with 
the saints. 

Bbo. Andrew Hutchison is still at Roanoke, La. 
After Feb. 3 he should, until further notice, be ad- 
dressed at Fruitdale, Ala., where he is to hold a series 
of meetings. 

Bro. W. R. Deeter is engaged in a revival meeting 
at Colfax, Ind. He reports a good interest with one 
applicant for membership. The meetings are likely to 
continue through this week at least. 

A protracted meeting was held in the Beaver 
Creek church, Va., and ten persons put on Christ in 
the holy rite of Christian baptism. Three were re- 
claimed and two others are yet to be baptized. 

The trustees of the Old Folks' and Orphans' Home, 
Mexico, Ind., havedecided to provide another building 
this year. The new building is to be used for hospital 
purposes. The Home is doing an excellent work, 
and the demand on the institution is yearly increasing, 
hence the necessity for more buildings. 

Bro. C. S. Hoff is located at Waldo, Kans. He 
would be pleased to hear from members living in that 
part of the State. He does not like the idea of living 
where he cannot enjoy church "Services, and is hoping 
that a way will open for the Brethren to start up a 
mission in Waldo. We like to see members anxious 
about church services in their communities. It is a 
good indication. 

Our sisters are taking quite an interest in reporting 
the work done by the Aid Societies. Several have 
reports in this issue and more reports will be pub- 
lished next week. We shall be pleased to hear from 
others. Some one may be able to tell the sisters how 
to branch out in their work and do still more good. 
Let us hear from those who have tested some of the 
best methods, 

The next issue of the Messenger is to contain all 
of the queries for the coming Annual Meeting that 
have reached us. If there should be others they have 
not been sent us. 

Bro. A. B. Coover has located at Gotebo, Okla. He 
came from Green county, a distance of sixty-five miles, 
and says that he expects to labor with the Harrison 
church. He finds an interesting band of workers with 
a good, live Sunday school. 

'Last week it was reported that the number baptized 
last year was 4,148, with 260 awaiting the rite. Sister 
Mary Hoff, of New Windsor, Md., also kept count, 
and she reports 5,075 baptized and 263 reclaimed, mak- 
ing a total of 5,338. As her count takes in a few is- 
sues of the present year the difference in the two re- 
ports may thus, in part at least, be accounted for. So 
we are safe in placing the accessions for 1904 at about 


c'The members of the Fairview church, Canada, are 
of the right metal to do frontier work. They recently 
held a series of meetings with mercury from eight to 
thirty-four degrees below zero, and some of them did 
not miss a service, though a few of them lived fifteen 
miles away. We have plenty of people in the at-ease- 
in-Zion churches who have not enough religious zeal 
to go a half mile to church just because mercury hap- 
pens to be playing around the zero mark. It might 
not be a bad idea to send a few of them to the Fair- 
view church for a little special go-to-meeting training. 

Bro. John Bonewitz is now located at Weston, 
Oregon. He writes that there is a small band of be- 
lievers at that place, and that they expect to organize 
soon. He and his wife seem to be very much en- 
couraged in their work. They have found a locality 
where there is much to do, and they are fully willing to 
perform their part. They will indeed be pleased to 
hear from those who would like to settle in the west 
and lend their influence toward building up the cause. 
Bro. Bonewitz thinks that many of our ministers, who 
can be spared from the larger congregations, should 
settle in different parts of the west and help lay the 
foundation for many churches. This, as he suggests, 
would be a good way to spread the Gospel. 

A number of the Sunday schools are being organ- 
ized with sisters as superintendents. Probably two- 
thirds of the teachers in our Sunday schools are sis- 
ters, and taking it the Brotherhood over there are more 
women than men. This speaks well for the women, 
but not so well for the men. Were it not for the zeal 
of the women some of the churches would go to pieces. 
We wonder how it is with the Brethren church? Are 
we looking for our sisters to furnish most of the zeal 
and inspiration? Were our sisters to grow indifferent 
what would become of our Sunday schools, prayer 
meetings, song services and the missionary interest.' 
When we come to think about it the sisters figure 
very largely in the success of our church work, and 
therefore should be encouraged to take an active part 
in regulating the affairs of the kingdom. 

Some of our ministers are exceedingly careless 
about their names in the Brethren Almanac. There 
are occasional mistakes in the list. Our ministers see 
these mistakes and never go to the trouble of writing 
us about them. A minister may notice a mistake re- 
garding his own name and never even mention the 
matter to us. This is why it is so difficult to keep 
the list free from errors. Late in the fall we sent 
proofs of the corrected list to a well informed member 
in every State district for further corrections. Even 
then some errors were not reported. Now, we sug- 
gest that every minister reading the Messenger at 
once turn to the list and see whether his name and ad- 
dress are properly entered. If they are not, let him 
write us without delay, sending along such other cor- 
rections as he may have to report. We are prepared 
to enter corrections for the list that is to appear in 
the Almanac next year. It will be quite a favor if 
these corrections can be written on paper separate 
and apart from all other business, so they can be filed 
away for future reference. We purpose keeping on 
file proof for every change made in the list, 

It is said that during the last five months 75,160 
Russian Jews have landed in New York City. Their 
treatment in Russia is such as not to make the country 
desirable. They look upon the United States as the 
promised land for the downtrodden race. While they 
should be accorded the best treatment in this country, 
we shall not do our full duty if we fail to perform 
our part in supplying them with the Gospel of Jesus 

One of our earnest readers thinks that our ministers 
do not preach enough on the temperance question. 
She is probably correct. There ?s no greater evil 
in this country, and yet we are not throwing our in- 
fluence against it as we should. The Bible contains 
an abundance of evidence against the use of intoxi- 
cants, enough to supply a minister with material for 
a half dozen sermons. And should there be those who 
desire late data we would refer them to the American 
Prohibition Year Book for 1904, to be had of the 
United Prohibition Press, 92 La Salle St., Chicago, 
price in paper cover, 15 cents, or 35 cents in cloth. 
The book may also be ordered from the Messenger 
office. It contains figures that are startling. 

When a woman writes a publishing house she 
should invariably sign her given name, and not her 
initials only, to her communications. Mary A. Jones 
should never write " M. A. Jones." She may say, 
" Mrs. M. A. Jones," or " Miss M. A. Jones." It 
would be even better for her to write " Mrs. Mary A. 
Jones." When the initials alone are given the pub- 
lishers do 'not know whether to address the writer as 
a man or a woman. Sister M. A. Jones may write the 
editor about something requiring editorial mention. He 
would like to say that " Sister M. A. Jones " says thus 
and so, but he does not know whether the writer is a 
sister or a brother. So he is puzzled and does not 
know what to say. But he has one rule to help him 
out, and that is to regard every correspondent as a man 
unless there is satisfactory evidence to the contrary. 
Following this rule some of our sisters need not think 
strange of it when we now and then attach " Bro." 
instead of " Sister " to their names. They must blame 
themselves for not making the distinction when sign- 
ing their communications. 


This winter the State Legislature of Illinois is to 
grapple with a local option bill. The purpose of this 
hill is to give the people of every city, town and vil- 
lage an opportunity to say whether the saloon shall 
stay or go. The question of the sale of liquor in a 
community is to be settled by the people directly in- 
terested, and not by a few politicians. 

The Messenger takes no part in politics, but here 
is something that is more than politics. It is practical 
religion, and means the very thing that the Brethren 
have been teaching lo these many years, the abolishing 
of the liquor traffic. Should this bill pass and become 
a law it will probably not be long until three-fourths 
of the counties in the State will become prohibition 
counties, just what the whole State ought to be. 

Next Sunday morning sermons against the evils of 
the saloon business are to be preached from one end 
of Illinois to the other. The object is to arouse the 
church-going people and have them throw their in- 
fluence on the side of temperance and not on the side 
of the whiskey element. 

The Brethren have always stood in the defense of 
temperance, and it will be in perfect keeping with 
their long-established prohibition principles to let their 
voices ring out next Sunday morning, or any other 
Sunday morning for that matter, with a view of mak- 
ing more temperance sentiment. In this struggle the 
saloon men are on one side and the churches are on 
the other. The whiskey people want permission to go 
on making drunkards of our sons, and thus degrade 
the race, while the churches say it is time to banish 
this evil from our fair land and give temperance and 
justice a chance to mould the rising generation for 
something higher than gambling dens, poorhouses, 
asvlums and the drunkards' graves. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 



In this State there are enough religious and other 
moral people to sweep the saloons from the country 
if they will only stand together. We hope to see the 
bill pass, for while we concern ourselves very little 
about the political parties, we make it a rule to vote 
against the saloon every chance we get. And what 
we here say in the interest of prohibition in Illinois 
may apply to every other State as well. 


In some localities, where little is known of the 
Brethren, the Messenger is bringing about some most 
hopeful results. Some time ago the paper commenced 
making its visits to a sister who seldom attended 
church. At first but little attention was paid to it. 
But the paper grew in favor, and finally became the 
delight of the family. The father, mother and all the 
children read it. It was then loaned to the neighbors, 
and they read it and loaned it to others. Then the 
people began asking whether the Brethren practice 
what the paper teaches. 

As a rule, when the Messenger gets a good hold 
on a neighborhood, it brings a preacher. In this in- 
stance it was not long until the preacher came and the 
people flocked out to hear him. They had their ap- 
petites whetted by the Messenger, and they all listened 
intently to every word he said. There were some bap- 
tized, there may be others. We look. for a church to 
be organized at that place. The Messenger has 
opened up the field and the rest will depend largely 
i m the work of the preacher. 

Had we preachers enough to follow up the Messen- 
ger in isolated localities we might easily organize one 
hundred new congregations before the close of the 
present year. And there is no better way of opening 
up a field. Place twenty copies of the Messenger in 
as many families, in a given neighborhood, and the 
religious interest is certain to be aroused. 

This can be easily done and it will not cost much. 
The General Mission Board, as stated week before 
last, has authorized the sending of the Messen- 
ger into families, where there are no members, 
for fifty cents a year. This is done with a 
view of opening up mission points. At this rate ten 
dollars will place the paper in twenty families. There 
must be no members residing in these families. Of 
course the paper cannot be printed and sent out at 
this price, but the Board agrees to make up the rest. 

Some churches, as well as some individuals, are tak- 
ing hold of the work" with a will, and are sending us 
new names by the score. Read again the proposition 
of the General Mission Board to send the Messenger 
to thousands of people in Canada and the United 

attend to such work as the)' can do, then he can give 
his attention to other matters. In the end this will 
make active and zealous members and a more efficient 

We have seen elders of large congregations sweep 
the meetinghouse, look after the fires and do other 
things that should have been turned over to the laity 
or the deacons. Such men may be good workers, but 
they are poor managers. They failed to learn the les- 
son that the apostles aimed to teach when they refused 
to spend their time serving tables. 

The success of great enterprises depends largely up- 
on the amount of work that the manager can get out 
of others. In a sense this applies to congregations. 
The elder may and should do much, but he must not 
undertake everything if he means to make his work 
in building up and caring for his congregation a suc- 
cess. The man who leads all the songs, offers all 
the prayers, preaches all the sermons, does all the 
visiting of the sick, looks after all the poor, superin- 
tends the Sunday school, teaches one of the classes, 
leads the prayer meetings and looks after the church 
finances, while scores of the members look on, may 
mean it all well, but we pity his judgment. He is 
raising up a set of idle and weak members. He re- 
minds us of the man who proposed to pull the wagon 
so all the members of his church might have a good 
chance to ride. 

We know the apostles did not do this way. They 
did their part, but they did not try to do it all. They 
had good judgment about such matters, and made use 
of it. They did just what every shepherd should do 
now. They performed their part, and did it nobly, 
but they found much work for others to do, and saw to 
it that the work was not neglected. 


In Acts 6 we have an account of the selection of 
seven good men to take charge of a certain department 
of church work. The apostles suggested the selection 
of these men, adding that it was " not reason that 
they should leave the word and serve tables." That is 
what we in these days would call good sense. The 
chosen apostles could not afford to spend their time 
with temporal affairs. Their work was to preach the 
Word and in other ways give attention to the spiritual 
side of the religious movement at Jerusalem. 

This is a lesson that most ministers are slow to learn. 
They are disposed to do everything, and leave as little 
as possible for the deacons and laity to do. They re- 
mind us of the indulgent mother who does all the 
morning housework while her grown-up daughters 
sleep and have a good time of it. 

Elders should teach their members how to do church 
work. Teach them how to pray when called on; 
how to lead all the songs and how to take care of the 
church and the church premises. They should also 
be taught how to visit the sick and look after the 
needs of the poor. The deacons should be trained to 
look after the church finances, and also have some 
practice in helping to care for the church. In fact, 
the elder ought to study how to find work for as many 
members as possible. Let him get the members to 


We are sometimes accused of teaching that the 
heart is changed in baptism. In this we are misrepre- 
sented. The Brethren do not, and never did, teach 
that heart regeneration occurs either in or during 
the process of baptism. In conversion the heart un- 
dergoes a change, but this heart change is not brought 
about by baptism. 

There can be no conversion without a change of 
heart, but there might be a baptism without the re- 
quired change. Paul, in Rom. io: io, says: "With 
the heart man believeth unto righteousness." It is 
this belief, or faith, that changes the heart from a 
state of unbelief to a state of belief. Whenever one 
commences believing the heart commences to change. 
This change continues until it leads to repentance, or 
a reformation in the life. 

Paul further teaches that " faith cometh by hearing, 
and hearing by the word of God." Rom. io: 17. By 
this we are to understand that faith is produced by 
hearing the Word of God. This Word is the sword 
of the' Spirit. It is the instrument employed by the 
Spirit to produce the new creature in Christ Jesus. 
When the Word enters the heart the Spirit influence 
follows, and if the Word is received with meekness 
the change of heart takes place. 

By this power the heart is broken up. It is warmed 
up and softened, and becomes susceptible of good in- 
fluences. The change may be rapid or it may be a 
gradual process. But it is a change nevertheless and 
radical too at that. The affections change. The 
things of sin that were once loved are hated, and the 
things pertaining to righteousness, that were once 
hated and refused, are now loved and embraced. 

Repentance sets in. Godly sorrow, growing out of 
a change of heart, the love of God and the influence 
of the Spirit lead to genuine repentance. There is a 
keen sense of sin and its consequences followed by a 
resolve to forsake the ways of sin and live the life of 
the righteous. It is a complete turning from evil to 
good. It is turning the back on Satan and his king- 
dom and facing God and his requirements. 

All of this, by the help of the Word, the grace of 
God and the power of the Holy Ghost, takes place be- 
fore baptism is reached. The heart undergoes a com- 
plete change. In fact the penitent believer has a 
ne\v heart, and lives a new life, In this condition he 

enters the water of baptism, and in that sacred act 
completes the process of the new birth. Baptism be- 
comes of value to him because of the heart preparation 
made before engaging in the rite. 

It is now that he has the promise of the full re- 
mission of all his sins. He is a new creature in Christ 
Jesus, having been born again of the water and of 
the Spirit. He is buried with Christ by baptism, and 
thus puts on Christ, having buried the old man, and 
arises to walk in newness of life. 

Should he enter the water without a change of 
heart, without a change of life, his baptism would avail 
him nothing. But a change -of heart that is not suf- 
ficient to prompt obedience is not the change recom- 
mended in the New Testament. Jesus says, "If ye 
love me, keep my commandments." One who does 
not love God enough to obey his commandments can- 
not justly claim that he has a changed heart. The 
mere fact that a man refuses to obey the plain and 
simple commands of Jesus is positive proof that the 
heart remains unchanged. 

But blessed is the man who hears the Word, who 
believes with the heart, and confesses with his mouth, 
who repents of his sins, who turns to the Lord and 
is baptized into the name of the Father, and of the 
Son, and of the Holy Ghost for the remission of his 
sins. He has the promise of forgiveness, the gift of 
the Holy Ghost, and fully realizes thai he has passed 
from death unto life, that he is a new creature, that he- 
is a child of God, and that heaven ami eternal life are 


The educational work. That our colleges have 
all, or nearly all, passed into the ownership and con- 
trol of the church shows that both the chinch and the 
schools are beginning to see thai the interests 
involved are mutual. And this feeling of mutual de- 
pendence will become stronger and stronger. Con- 
ditions are approaching whin the church can and will 
use the schools as the most mighty human agency Io 
advance her work. As the schools become hers she 
comes into position to direct matters to the best in- 
terest of her work. One thing is certain, if the church 
does not direct the schools, the schools will direct the 
church. Anyway the school will exert a strong in- 
fluence over the church, and this will be more so in the 
future ; for the schools furnish the active workers in 
the church, and these direct her afl'airs. 

' Let not the number of our schools increase for the. 
present. A few strong ones are far better than a larger 
number struggling for existence. Let what we have 
be improved and suitably endowed. 

As I look into the future I can see, without effort, 
our colleges in the hands of strong men, with courses 
of study arranged after the best, the different depart- 
ments with endowments almost quite enough to sup- 
port them, the Bible department grown into chief 
prominence, and that particularly with the idea of the 
trained workers, all the church's children in the school 
where they belong, and all this culminating in a univer- 
sity or two. 

The publishing work. Financially it has been a suc- 
cess, starting from nothing, or the smallest beginning 
in the year 1851, and growing until now the Publishing 
House, with its belongings, is worth, in round num- 
heis, $150,000. And the outlook is for more rapid 
growth in the future than we have had in the past. 
Even now, with the recent enlargement of the House 
and its facilities, the volume of business is almost be- 
yond its capacity to handle it. 

The financial success is but an indication of the 
moral success attending the work of the House. The 
heart first, then the money. 

The publications have multiplied year after year, 
until now there are those sent out suited to the 
reader from the child in the first reader to the 
ripest minds. These publications have been among 
the most powerful influences to bond and unify the 
church, and their influences will become stronger as the 
people grow more and more into reading. It would 
be impossible now to maintain the interests of the 





THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 

church without these helps, and as education and re- 
search grow they will become the more needful in the 

It is not to be expected that our publications will 
grow in number in the future as they have in the past; 
but their excellence will be much improved particularly 
in scope and thoroughness of research and literary 
finish. The time is not far off when all our writers 
will be scholars. There will still be the same desire to 
write that exists now among the uneducated, but the 
recognized standard will be so far beyond their reach 
that they will not attempt it. The future of the pub- 
lishing business in our church looks most encouraging. 
Not only will tliere be tire best equipment in buildings 
and machinery that mechanical genius can produce ; 
but much of the best talent and learning of the church 
will be devoted to it. 

The benevolent work. Children without parents to 
take care of them, the aged and helpless, and the 
suffering in body of all cla«ses, have always touched 
the hearts of our people. Compassion, pity, mercy, 
things of beauty forever. But it is late years 
that the benevolence of the church has expressed itself 
in orphanages, old folks' homes and hospitals, the hos- 
pital existing among us only in embryo, the confer-, 
ence having authorized it. 

They have had a very pretty growth and make good 
promises for the future. This is true especially of or- 
phanages. They represent a tremendous interest and 
can be used to accomplish untold good. This line of 
work will be followed extensively in the mission work 
especially in the foreign lands and in the cities both at 
home and abroad. 

As to the doctrines of the church for the future, 
they will continue to be understood as they are now, 
only they will be better understood, and teaching on 
these things will be clearer and stronger. There can 
be no dropping off of doctrines, for it is the church's 
strong and well fortified doctrines that make her what 
she is and what she promises to be in the future. The 
practical, the experimental, the working side of our 
church life will be improved without neglecting the 
doctrinal side. The doctrine of nonconformity to the 
world in dress may have to undergo some modifica- 
tion to adapt it to climate conditions in the different 
countries of the world in the mission work. Customs, 
too, will have some bearing. This can all be done in 
harmony with the New Testament teaching, for Jesus 
left the method of application with the church. He 
gave only the principles of the doctrine, and that must 
remain. That doctrine ignored, other doctrines are 
quickly lost, and the church would soon be a different 
thing from what Jesus and the apostles gave. The 
church of the past is to be the church of the future 
with the improvements of growth and the discoveries 
of learning and experience. " The gates of hell shall 
not prevail against it." " It shall stand forever." " It 
shall fill the whole earth." Be it so. ri. c. e. 


This is one of the questions that naturally force 
themselves into our consideration. And the more we 
think about it, the more serious it becomes, because 
of the great issues of human souls which hinge upon 
it. The first thought is, Does the salvation of the 
world depend upon the efforts put forth by the church 
of Jesus Christ? On this we all agree, a's far as hu- 
man agency can go. This is at least a vital part in 
the scheme of redemption. The God-man became 
enfleshed and lived and suffered in the flesh that 
through fleshly agencies the plan of salvation might 
be revealed to the world, and in this way be afforded 
the possibilities of salvation. Through the life, suffer- 
ing, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ he obtained 
the power to redeem. He paid the ransom. The debt 
of the Adamic sin has been paid and the power has 
been delegated to the Son to remit and forgive the 
actual sins of the human kind, and on conditions that 
are most reasonable and easy. This power he has 
delegated to his church— his people. "All power" 
is given; "-Go ye, preach the gospel to every living 
creature." And this commission is enlarged bv saying 
" into all the world— to all nations." Wherever there 

is a soul to hear, the church is to have a voice to 
speak the message. And the " open door " is 
fronting the church all over the world. So there seems 
to be no way of avoiding the conclusion that on the 
church of Jesus Christ rests the responsibility of sav- 
ing the world, or, at least, making it possible for the 
world to be saved. 

The next thought is, Are we, as a people, the church 
of Jesus Christ? We claim that we are, and we 
base these claims on the grounds that we accept the 
revealed will of Jesus Christ as our only guide in faith 
and practice. And as far as we carry out this faith in 
practice we are entitled to the claim. While, in many 
things, we may have been doing well, in a few things 
we have not been living up to the standard. We have 
not been using all of our possibilities in having the 
Gospel preached to every creature — to all nations. 
And this is one of the special purposes which Christ 
had in view in giving his commission to those who 
were to be his successors. In not doing this we are 
thwarting the great purpose for which he came, lived 
and died. He won the victory over sin, the debt has. 
been paid and the proclamation of emancipation has 
been sealed and delivered to his church with the in- 
structions to go and proclaim it to all nations. Have 
we done it? Are we doing it? If not, why not? 1 
Who is responsible? Are the millions living in heathen 
darkness responsible because they did not come to us 
for the Gospel? Surely not, because they did know 
we had the good news. We know it because others 
gave it to us. Freely we have received and freely we 
are to give — but we failed in giving as we should, and 
as a result to the millions that have died and the mil- 
lions that are living to-day, Christ died in vain because 
we failed in carrying the news to them. 

How is this, brethren? Are we responsible for the 
misery and darkness of these millions who have died 
and who are living without knowing that Jesus has 
died to save them? If we are indeed the church of 
Christ, this must be so. And how shall we answer? 
What will be our excuse? Did we not have time 
enough ? Almost two hundred years since the organi- 
zation of the church in its present form — and what 
have we done towards having the Gospel preached 
throughout the world? It is true, the Gospel has been 
given to most of the nations of the world at great 
cost and sacrifice, but not by us. Are we not con- 
cerned? Are we not our brothers' keepers? God says 
we are— and it is his will that they shall be saved, and 
we are to do it. Are we obedient to the call ? Certain- 
ly, in a very small way. 

We may say that the means are lacking, and that 
all is being done that can be done witu the possibilities 
on hand. 1 nis -may excuse the Mission Board. But 
it is not the church. It is only the agent through 
which the church works. If we, as members of the 
body of Christ, have given up to our possibilities, then 
it might be said of us, "We have done what we 
could." But how many of us have done this? Very 
few indeed, if any. We may try to make ourselves 
believe so; but, try as we may, we can't do it. The 
church, within the present year, if it could be made to 
feel the value of souls as the blessed Christ values 
them, could raise a million of dollars for missions 
without being burdensome to any ; that is, if each and 
every member would give as the Lord has given to us. 
This may seem to be making it large, but it is not. 

Do you believe it? During the year we will really 
waste more than the sum named. We will spend it 
for things we don't need and that will not be of benefit 
to us either physically or spiritually. Why all this? 
Simply because we do not feel that we are personally ' 
responsible for the salvation of our brethren. We be- 
lieve that it is the will of God that all men should 
come to a knowledge of the truth and be saved. We 
believe the Christ died that all may be saved. We be- 
lieve that it is the commissioned work of the church to 
save the world. But, somehow, we fail to believe that 
we, as members, compose this church and therefore 
are personally responsible for the work it is to do. 

We sometimes console ourselves in the thought that 
we are only a part of the church of Christ. And while 
others are so active in having the Gospel carried to 
heathen lands we can be excused by doing the work- 
nearer home. But no matter how much others are 

doing in trying to save the heathen, our responsibilities 
are none the less. If we are the Lord's people the 
" Go ye " is to us, and it is our duty to hear and obey. 

H. B. B. 


The Smoot case has brought out many startling 
points regarding the Mormon religion, and the man- 
ner of life which the Mormon leaders encourage. The 
public has been shocked on learning the character of 
the oath that must be taken and the nature of the severe 
penalty imposed. But the oath as well as the penalty 
are almost identical with those of Masonry. It must 
be evident to every one acquainted with Masonry that 
the Mormon oath was modeled after the Masonic 
oath. What may be said against the one may be said 
against the other. 

It is affirmed, by those who pretend to know, that 
the leading men among the Mormons are Masons. If 
this is true, then every preacher in the country, who 
belongs to the Masonic order, is a brother, in fraternal 
relation to the Mormon elders who have two or more 
, wives. Think of a Mason preacher condemning polyg- 
amy from his pulpit, when he himself is a sworn mem- 
ber of an order that endorses a plurality of wives. 
Preaching of this sort is all a farce, and every unbiased 
man knows it. Think of a pure-minded Christian 
preacher being placed in charge of a Christian congre- 
gation in Salt Lake City, and every two weeks, on 
lodge evening, meeting with the Mormon elders, who 
have from two to five wives, and greeting them as 
brethren ! If this is not alliance with Satan, then we 
do not know what is. 

We see no more reason for condemning the horrible 
Mormon oath than we do for denouncing the Masonic 
oath. One is as.antichristian and as inhuman as the 
other. Not only so, but every man who takes the 
Masonic oath is, in a measure, a party to what the 
Mormon oath represents, protects and encourages. 


Shall secret fraternities be tolerated in the public 
schools? This is the question that is giving the school 
managers much concern in the large cities. The 
Board of Education in Chicago, has set its seal of dis- 
approval on these societies. They have been found 
a decided injury to the educational interests. But what 
better can one expect of the children when the parents 
belong to secret orders ! Not only so, but these orders 
are tolerated by the churches, and especially by the 
preachers. In schools such fraternities would lead to 
evils that would be certain to shock whole communi- 
ties. But this is the legitimate outcome of secret or- 
ders sooner or later. If such orders are found to be 
against the best interest of educational institutions, 
why may they not also militate against the best interests 
of the country ? It is only the strong arm of the law 
that holds some of them in check, and were it not for 
this strong arm we would be compelled to face some 
fearful conditions. 


We have told our readers about the Marchioness 
des Monstiers Merinville, who has renounced the 
Roman Catholic faith. The lady is rich, learned and 
has wide influence. Her leaving the Catholic ranks 
is quite a disappointment to them. But it is reported 
that the pope, for the first time in history, waved all 
strict ceremonial rules, and invited the lady to call at 
the Vatican for an interview regarding her proposed 
step. She went, accompanied by her aunt, but the 
pope did not succeed in persuading her to return ; to 
the Catholic church. The action of Pius X, in having 
the lady call on him, was a thing entirely new to those 
who know something about the history of popes. 
Four hundred years ago the pope of Rome would have 
condemned the woman and ordered her to be burnt to 
death as a heretic. But the world is changing, and 
to-day neither pope nor king dare have people burned 
on account of their religion. Public sentiment is 
against it, and we are glad for the change. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 


General Missionary and Tract Department 

CO M M I TT E E : 

D. L. MliXBR, - - Illinois | H. C. Early, - - Vir K lcia 

S. F. Sanger, - - Indiana | A. B. Barnhaht, - Maryland 

John 2»ck. Iowa. 


Missionaries to foreign lands, especially those to Ori- 
ental countries, have often said that one of the greatest 
hindrances to their work is found in the lives of nonpro- 
fessing men who make their homes for longer or shorter 
times in the Orient. Those of us who have never been 
there, and who perhaps have not learned as much about 
those countries as we should, have little idea as to true 
conditions. If the people over there understood our life 
and that, though nominally we are a Christian nation, a 
large part of our population make no profession of re- 
ligion, it would not make so much difference so far as 
mission work is concerned, though it would not make 
ithe life led by. these unbelievers any more excusable. 

At the annual council of missionary secretaries held 
in New York a short time ago Europeans and Americans 
in Asiatic and South American countries were charged 
with the grossest immorality, A missionary who had 
been in Japan for several years said: "The moral con- 
ditions of Oriental cities, particularly in China and Japan, 
are almost unspeakable. I know one city — I won't say 
where— in which fifteen hundred Europeans and Ameri- 
cans lived. Among them were four hundred young men, 
of whom — and I investigated carefully— all but about 
twenty kept native women as mistresses. All the total 
abstainers in that four hundred could be counted on the 
fingers of both hands. All this has an irreparable effect 
on our mission work. The natives argue that if Chris- 
tianity results thus, they will have none of it. These 
European residents sitting in their clubs do far more harm 
than can anything else to the missionary cause. It is to 
these clubs that tourists resort, and from them come back 
home the derogatory reports we hear of missionary ef- 

As if native ignorance and superstition and degradation 
and sensuality were not enough for the consecrated men 
and women to contend against, they have added to their 
burden the demoralizing and shameful lives of those of 
their own race and country. No wonder they cry out 
against such conditions. They should cry even louder. 
If the friends of the young men mentioned above, or of 
other young men, and older ones too, could know just 
how they are living, there would come a change. Not 
many of them are so hardened, so lost to the sense of 
right, that they would want to have their lives pictured 
at home just as they are lived among the heathen. It 
would be heroic treatment, but no doubt effectual, if some 
of them could be shown up in their true light. At home 
they pose as exemplary young men; away from home 
they live as the most depraved and are the direct cause 
of the loss of more than one soul groping its way from 
darkness to the light of which it has caught a glimpse. 
We cannot do much to change this condition. Prob- 
ably none of us have friends or acquaintances guilty of 
leading such immoral lives. But we can remember the 
workers whose labor is made so much more difficult be- 
cause of this condition. We can pray God to strengthen 
them; and we cannot but pray him to open the eyes 
of these who are so far down on the path which leads to 
eternal death. And the natives who do not know the 
law of God, who are perhaps more easily led by the evil 
than by the good, as is natural for man — they must not 
be forgotten. It will be hard enough for them to get 
rid of the sins to. which they have been wedded, without 
men whom they consider Christians drawing them back 
by precept and example to what is vilest in life. God 
grant that by the united prayer and effort of all Chris- 
tian people this great hindrance to the spread 
Gospel may be removed. 

<& <s><s> 


At .this time there is a great awakening on the sub- 
ject of missions, and "we are glad for this. It is an answer 
to prayer. The field is white, ready to harvest, and we 
pray that God will send yet more laborers into bis harvest. 
But let us be careful the enthusiasm does not run too 
high. To be a missionry does not always mean to go to 
a foreign field. It may not mean to go very far from 

I know, personally, three people who had given them- 
selves up to be missionaries, but their only thought was 
a foreign field. Not one of them is to-day in a foreign 
field, but they are all missionaries, in the true sense of 
the word. Two of them went only a short distance 
from home. One said, after it seemed plain to her that 
her work was quite close home, " Dear Father, do you 
really mean that I shall work here?" She decided that 
such was his will, and she did most excellent work for 
him in an orphan home. Another found her work in her 
own home, taking care of an aged father and mother, 
and a faithful kind daughter she proved to be. 

I am sure that if we would begin mission work aright, 
it must begin in our homes. If the kind words spoken in 
the homes visited while on mission work were spoken 
just as kindly into the ears of a tired, loving mother, 
it would bring such joy and peace to her as she never 
knew. If the kindly ministry to relieve pain, or to bring 
comfort and cheer into a weary heart, were bestowed 
upon a father, a brother, a sister or near relative, it 
would bring about a transformation in the home that 
would make heaven and earth rejoice. If God has come 
into your life, and set you apart for service for him, 
let your loved ones in the home know something about 
it. Speak kind words there, and do loving service there. 
It may not be confined to the home, but surely it should 
begin there. The home church should know something 
of the spirit of service to which you have given yourself. 
There are souls to be sought and won there, too. The 
spirit of the Lord is moving on many minds and hearts, 
and leading to higher and holier service, but let us not 
fail to prove to our loved ones in the home the truth of 
this before we leave them. 

" Go home to thy friends and tell them how great 
things the Lord hath done for thee." Let this not be in 
words only, but let it be in loving deeds of ministry and 
service there. We do not wish to curb the desire to be 
a missionary, but to direct to the real meaning of the 
word. We are all missionaries if we are true Chris- 
tians. May the Holy Spirit prompt us to loving service 
wherever we are. We are not excused if the person most 
needing our love and care is disagreeable, and unlovely, 
not appreciating our efforts. The Christ-spirit docs not 
notice this, but goes on with the loving service, seeing 
only the Christ we wish to imitate, and glorify. 

Ella J. Brumbaugh. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 


well able for the work which comes to our hands to do. 
At present all are well. 

Next week will be the district meeting. It is to be held 
here at Bulsar. Most of the workers will be able to come, 
and we are looking forward to a good meeting. The na- 
tive workers' meeting is always very interesting. 

Sadie J. Miller. 
Dec. 23. 

•S> <& <S> 




These are the words of Christ in Mark 5: 19, to the 
man who had been a long time separated from his friends 
because of the evil spirit that caused him to be a terror 
to all with whom he came in contact. He is now a 
changed man. because he came in touch with the blessed 
Jesus, who cast out the evil spirit, and all who knew him 
were astonished to see him clothed and in his right mind 
He wanted to stay with Christ, and we do not wonder 
at this; but Christ knew that in his home were sad. dis- 
appointed ones, and lie desires them to know what has 
taken place, so he tells the man to go and tell them 
about this wonderful thing, and let his friends see him, 
that they may believe on the Christ. 

When we purchased our plot (06x100) for the new 
church, there was quite a hill on il. but the owner agreed 
to remove it at once. This has been done, and the im- 
provement is so great that our real estate man says our 
plot is worth nine hundred dollars more to-day than 
when we bought it one month ago. 

As said in a former notice, the plot is paid for. and we 
hold a " warranty deed " made to the Brethren General 
Missionary and Tract Committee. Elgin, III. We now 
have left on hand about eight hundred dollars towards the 
much- needed churchhouse. 

We are glad to say that our easy pledge system, which 
was laid before the "Messenger" family last December, 
has met with the approval of a goodly number of the 
Father's children. Thus far 160 have sent in their pledges 
for one dollar a year for five years. The first payment 
of one dollar came due Jan. 1, 1905. This has been sent 
in (with the exception of a few) and due credit will ap- 
pear in the March number of the " Visitor," under 
" Brooklyn Church Fund." A few parties pledged for 
more than one dollar a year, who will send their first 
payment soon. 

As we have now entered upon the second year of this 
five year plan, the pledge will now read FOUR years, in- 
stead of five. 

There arc over twenty thousand Messenger readers, and 
nut of this number 160 have sent us a live year pledge. 
Their first payment is* checked off. thus leaving four 
years to pay the remainder. Now how many others will 
join in with us. on this FOUR-year pledge of ONI- dol- 
lar a year, making the first payment conic due Jan. 1, 

Last Sunday twenty-five of the orphan boys and girls 
received baptism. Also the wife of one of the village 
preachers^ Bro. Stover was administrator. We are look- 
ing forward to the time when there will be many out- 
siders coming in applying for baptism. The last two 
weeks some of us have been going out every day to 
the different villages around us. It is gratifying to see 
how receptive most of the people are to the Word of 
God. To be sure, when we go into a village for the first 
time we must use tact and begin our conversation in a 
different way than we would were we on the same errand 
in the home land. The first thing they usually ask is, 
What are you after? This week we visited a village 
where most of the people seem to be exceptionally ready 
for the Word of God. It is useless to condemn them foi 
idol worship, because they would only grow harder, and 
that is the way everywhere. With ourselves too it would 
not do. in whatever circumstances we might be. 

The Christians who do village preaching have much op 
portunity of doing good, because on every hand there are 
people who need to be saved. When we go we usually 
take several of our best Bible girls along. They are very 
free in talking, especially to the women, and there is 
where we try to take them. We find many villages where 
not one of its inhabitants can read or write. And the 
women. — they would not think of such a thing, much less 
would the men allow their women to have enough educa- 
tion to read. 

To-morrow morning is to take place a wedding be- 
tween one of our girls and the father of an orphan boy, 
who has been a widower and is now a Christian. The 
girl is now helping to sew her clothes, but she does not 
as yet know they are for herself.. That seems like short 
notice does it not? The girl who was married last Christ- 
mas died several months ago. It is her little boy that 
we are caring for and have in the house with us. He 
is now almost two months old and is growing nicely. 
The orphan girls take great delight in helping care for 

Those of us who came last year are now beginning 
with the second year for India. We are glad to be so 

Subscription Pledge for the Brooklyn Church- 

The Lord willing, I hereby pledge to give as a 
"free will offering" to the LORD, ONE dollar a 
year for FOUR, years, said money to be used to 
erect a plain, substantial clutrchllOUSe in Brooklyn, 
New York, to be owned and controlled by the 
Brethren General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
of Elgin, 111. 

First payment of this pledge is due Jan. 1, 1906, 

_ Your name, 

i<)oS I njoq I Post Office, 

Street or R. F. D 

i got) tijoj 

Cut this pledge out and send it at once, without any 
money, to J. Kurtz Miller, (Sec. of building committee), 
5901 3rd Ave., Brooklyn. New York. 
Building and locating committee: 

Eld. D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, III. 
Eld. A. B. Barnhart, Hagcrslown, Md. 
Eld. Jesse Zicgler, Roycrsford, Pa. 
Eld. M. B. Miller, New York Cily. 
Eld. J. Kurtz Miller, Se'c. of Building Committee. 
5901 3rd Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 



India has 140,000,000 women, and the majoriLy suffer 
the most appalling degradation. England has fought val- 
iantly for the uplifting of these millions of human .slaves, 
but has been opposed at every point by natives who 
loathed to see their prey slipping from their grasp. 

The women carry baskets of earth on their heads to 
grade a railroad. You ask, "Arc there no horses in 
India?" "Yes." "Then, why do they not use them for 
such work?" One reason is, women arc cheaper. 
Viewed from an economic standpoint, she pays well, for 
she can earn the food and then prepare it for the table. 
After her husband has eaten till satisfied, she may have 
what remains, if there is any. 

These women arc paid only three cents a day, about 
half as much as men; however, sufficient grain can be 
bought for this amount to furnish a whole family with 
food for a day. They eat so little. They cannot afford 
more. "Always hungry" is the appearance Of India 8 
working classes. Widows of whom there arc 23,000,000. 
are the most downtrodden of all. By grinding corn, the 
lowest occupation, they can earn an anna (two cents) per 
day It is precious money to them, and they make it 
go as far as possible. I saw these women coming to the 
grain store for food and in payment they gave thirty or 
forty cowrie shells. I afterward secured a number of 
these shells, at the rate of 150 for one cent, which showed 
that for one-fifth of a cent those women had gotten all 
they could allow themselves for supper. 

Forty million people are said to live on one meal a 
day. No wonder the official statement of the average In- 
dian income for those outside of Government employ, m 
1882, was three cents per day, or eleven dollars per year 
for each person. In 1900 the estimate reduced it to one 
cent and a half a day. In America, farm laborers and 
domestic servants receive about as much in a week as 
India's servants in a year. 

Why the difference? One is Hinduism which enslaves, 
and the other is Christianity, which liberates. 


1 ! I 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

"As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is e°°d news from a tar country." 

Glendora church met in council Jan. 14, our elder, 
J, S Brubaker, presiding. All business transacted in the 
usual manner. Bro. Brubaker was reelected elder by a 
unanimous vote. Clara Yost, Glendora, Cal„ Jan. 17. 
Rockyford church Met in council Jan. 7. Officers for 
church and Sabbath school were elected for the year. 
Sister Emma R. Fisher was elected superintendent and 
Sister Blanche Frantz assistant. Our elder, Bro. Geo. 
Studebaker, who has charge of the mission at Pueblo, 
was with us. Church and Sunday school are progressing 
and the work 'is extended into neighboring localities. A 
Sisters' Aid Society was organized during the past year. 
We can feel encouraged with what has been done. Cloth- 
ing has been solicited, made and disposed of for those 
that were in need. — Clara Hoclistcdler, Rockyford, Colo., 
Jan. 17. 

Idaho Falls.— January 4 Eld. Stivcrson began meet- 
ings, continuing till love feast, at which time he had to 
leave us on account of prior engagements. Jan. 7, with 
Eld. Stiverson presiding, we met in council. A com- 
mittee of five was appointed to see about the location of 
our hew church building. Bro. W. D. Byer was elected 
agent for the Publishing House. Nine letters were re- 
ceived. Jan. 3 a party of twelve arrived with two more 
and emigrant cars on the road. Some of the parties not 
being present, seven more letters remain to be received, 
Some of these were from our old home church. Jan. ? 
at 6:30 P. M., Bro. Stiverson delivered a very fitting ex- 
amination sermon, after which nineteen members sat 
down to the Lord's table to participate in another feast of 
love. It was the first some had enjoyed such -an occasion 
for over two years. Just one year has gone since our 
arrival here, then the only members in the valley. Our 
year's work opens with twenty-four members, fifty-three 
persons, church organized and building under contem- 
plation for the year. The first offering for this purpose 
was made by our dear colaborer in the old home church, 
Bro. Orlando Ogden. Fairview, Iowa. Our Sunday school 
was organized with brethren O. W. Leavell and S. U. 
Burger superintendents. — Mrs. O. W. Leavell, Idaho Falls, 
Idaho, Jan. 12. 

Nampa. — During our two weeks' series of meetings, 
conducted by Bro. J. H. Graybill, our home minister, four 
precious souls united with the church. All were much 
benefited and strengthened. In the work at Nampa we 
have much to encourage us, and as time goes on we hope 
to be able to reach every part of this large territory sur- 
rounding us.— J. S. Rhodes, Nampa, Idaho, Jan. 10. 

Nezperce church met in council Dec. 31. In the ab- 
sence of our elder, Bro. B. J. Fike presided. We elected 
church officers for 1905 and Sunday-school officers for 
the first six months of the year, with brethren Ivan Jor- 
gens and A. R. Fike superintendents. Sunday evening, 
Jan. 1, the Christian Workers reorganized, with Bro. Alvin 
Hoover president. Two have recently been received by 
baptism. — Edith Jorgens, Nezperce, Idaho, Jan. 14. 


Silver Creek.— The Bible institute was very well at- 
tended and the interest was unusually good. Bro. J. E. 
Mohler is still holding forth the Word each night. So 
far three have applied for membership. Meetings are to 
continue some longer.— J. E. Miller, Mount Morris. Ill 
Jan. 21. 


Anderson.— The Christian Workers' meeting still in- 
creases in interest and attendance. The members here are 
preparing to run a special car over the trolley line to 
Indianapolis to attend the dedication of the new house of 
worship at that place. Eld. J. R. Wellington with his 
wife, who has been seriously ill for several months, was 
again permitted to attend services here last Sunday— J S 
AHdredge, Anderson, Ind., Jan. 15. 

Indianapolis.— On account of the place where we had 
worship partially burning, it has become necessary for 
us to have our services in the new churchhouse before it 
is finished. Could the members who so kindly helped us 
have heard the joy expressed last Sunday when our Sun- 
day school was there, they surely would have realized 
why God loves a cheerful giver. We had a good at- 
tendance and good interest. Notice of dedication will be 
sent to the Messenger before long. To the members who 
are sending money to me for furnishing the church please 
do so before the close of this month; also all other do- 
nations, unless otherwise arranged, should be sent in 
immediately. Please help us to dedicate free of debt — 
Clara E. Stauffer, 423 Harris St., Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 11. 


Muscatine.— Bro. W. West, of Ankeny, Iowa, was with 

us, preaching several forcible sermons. Good attendance 
considering. Service held in the homes of the members.— 
Stella Yeater, Muscatine, Iowa, Jan. 18. 

Iowa River -We reorganized our Sunday school Jan. 1, 
with Bro. Elmer Book and Sister Eva Furnas superin- 
tendents, and a full corps of officers. Everything seems to 
be moving along smoothly. We also have organized a 
Bible class, to be conducted by home talent. The Sunday 
school has decided to use surplus money to buy library 
books for school.— J. J. Brower, Marshalltown, Iowa 
Jan. 16. 

Abilene.-Jan L 1 our Sunday school was reorganized 
at Navarre with S.ster Lillie Shank superintendent Bro 
David Strole was reelected assistant. Sunday evening the 
Christian Workers reorganized. Bro. Harvey Hoffman 
was chosen president and Sister Lottie Strole vice-p™" 
dent. Christmas day $5.75 was donated toward the sup- 

Ka'ns. jLn' 14°°' " K " nSa8 Gty - EW ' m * C,ine ' * avarre - 

He^Hfcr^n- ^ m ' P , nC J e ' 3 helpless invalid ' l^ing 
tire to 5i™ InTt, M rr ° ak ' de5ir - ed thc brethren and As- 
ters to come and hoid a communion season with him, and 

his faithful wife. Seven of the members went last X ues " 
day, and held a pleasant communion with the afflicted 
brother, which seemed to do him much good. — Emma J. 
Modlin, Burroak,. Kans., Jan. 16. 


Roanoke congregation met in council Jan. 14. Officers 
were elected for this -year. Bro. A_. Hutchison cainte to us 
and commenced preaching Dec. 25. Oii account of con- 
siderable sickness, the attendance is hot as large as would 
be desired.. Saints are built up.— J. I. Miller, Roanoke, 
La., Jan. 15. 


Pipe Creek.— Since our last report two were received 
hack into the fold, and three were received by letter. — 
Rachel A. Pfoutz, Linnwood, Md., Jan. 15. 

Sharpsburg.— Bro. James A. Sell, of McKee Gap, Pa., 
is now with us and having a very interesting meeting. 
He uses twenty minutes for Bible every evening before 
preaching, which is edifying.— S. H. Neikirk, Sharpsburg, 
Md., Jan. 17. 


Fairview congregation have just closed a two weeks' 
series of meetings conducted by the home ministers. The 
attendance was very good. One returned to the Father's 
house,, and one applicant for baptism. Our Sunday school 
is moving along nicely.— C. W. Stutzman, Bliss fie Id, 
Mich., Jan". 18. 


Hannon, — Bro. D. D. Wine, from Nevada, Mo., came to 
us Jan. 8. his regular monthly appointment here, and 
preached Sunday at II A. M., and also at night. Then 
Bro. Abraham Wolf, from Udell, Iowa, came Jan. 9 and 
prolonged the meetings until Jan. 15. He preached seven 
sermons. We had to close the meetings too soon on 
account of the extreme cold weather. — Henry Kingery, 
Hannon, Mo., Jan. 16. 


Beaver Creek.— Bro. W. A. Reed, of Vox, N. C, cani'e 
to us Jan, 8 and preached fourteen sermdris. 1" en precious 
souls put on Christ in baptism; three reclaimed, and two 
await baptism. His brother, J. A. Reed, was with him. 
—Alva Reed, It. F. D. No. 3, Floyd, Va., Jan. 17. 

Sappy Creek. — Our elder, J. J. Kindig* was with us from 
Dec. 3l until Jan. 4. He preached five good sermons. — 
Lydia Chapman, Edison, Nebr., Tan. 16. 


Bowbells church met in council Jan. 14. Our elder, 
J. A. Weaver, was present. Three letters were granted, 
to Brother and Sister J. C. Forney and their daughter, 
who now live at Kenmare, N. Dak. Officefs were elected 
for Sunday school and Christian "Workers' meeting for 
the new year.— Peter F. Gault, Rural Route No. 2, Bow- 
bells, N. Dak., Jan. 14. - 

Salem church met Jan. 14, a program having been 
arranged for the day with four different subjects for gen- 
eral discussion, for the purpose of stirring up a deeper 
interest in our Sunday school and church work. A fair 
crowd and good interest. Many talks were given by min- 
isters and others. Eld. A. M. Sharp and wife, from the 
Rocklake church were present. Bro. Sharp preached for 
us Sunday. Jan. 8 Bro. A. B. Woodard, of Cando, made 
us glad by filling thc appointment— Jennie Frantz, New- 
ville, N. Dak., Jan. 16. 


Ashland.— We are in the midst of a glorious revival. ' 
Bro. Chas. O. Beery, Elderton, Pa., is preaching for us. 
One has been baptized, and two more to be to-morrow. — 
W. F. England, Ashland, Ohio, Jan. 17. 

Springfield church met at the new churchhouse 
in Kent for the first time Jan. 15. Bro. Wm. Bixler 
preached the dedicatory sermon and is now conducting 
a series of meetings. Services every evening and some 
day meetings. The attendance is good. Our doctrine is 
something new to many people of Kent.— Harvey E 
Kurtz, R. F. D. No. 10, Mogadore, Ohio, Jan. 18. 


Newhope.— Bro. G. W. Landis came here Dec. 28, 
preached six sermons and baptized two. Others were re- 
ceived by letter. The church met in called council Dec. 
31 and chose Bro. N. M. Bowman church treasurer for 
one year and the writer church clerk and correspondent. 
Eld. Samuel Edgecomb sent in request to be relieved of 
ihe oversight of the church on account of his poor health 
The request was granted, and we chose Eld. G. W Landis 
as our elder for one year.— Samuel Troxel, Burnett Okla 
Jan. 11. 


Hall's Creek.— We met in our schoolhouse Jan. 1 and 
organized a Sunday school. Bro. J. S. Root and the writer 
receiving an equal number of votes, both were chosen 
superintendents. Christmas day we had preaching in the 
forenoon by Eld. J. P. Moomaw, a basket dinner and 
services at 2 o'clock by Eld. J. S. Root. We have preach- 
ing here twice a month. There is a membership of eight- 
een here. This is an outpost of the Coquille River con- 
gregation, six miles from that church.— W. R. Mavity 
Arago, Oregon, Jan. 11. 

Pendleton.— I am an isolated member living in the 
eastern part of Oregon. I have no. church privileges 
on account of there being no church near. We have taken 
up a claim three miles from Echo, a town twenty-six miles 
west of Pendleton. This is a good country for poultry 
raising. The climate is fine. Pendleton is a city of over 
seven thousand inhabitants. If there are any members 
contemplating coming west, give this place a thought. 
Ihere are lots of acres of government lands yet to be 
taken up. I am very anxious for some members to locate 
there so that we may Build up a church. I would be 
pleased to answer any questions asked me in regard to 
the country.— Mrs. W. W. Penry, Echo, Oregon, Jan. 17. 

ClearVille.— Last evening we closed a two weeks' meet- 
ing m the Clear Ridge church, Snake Spring district, Bed- 
tord Co., Pa. This is an isolated point and does not re- 
ceive the attention it should. The little church was crowd- 
ed and people seem much interested in our church The 
meeting should have been continued. I go from here to 

Pleasant Union, a mission point where we will labor for 
one week.— W. A. Gaunt, 171S Mifflin St., Huntingdon, Pa. t 
Jan. 14. 

Eliza bethtowtl: — Dec. 24 we opened a series of meetings 
St the Rheerris house, which was continued until Jan. 
12. Bro. S. S. Beaver worked very earnestly. During 
these meetings six persons stepped over on the Lord's 
side. We feel confident that others are near the king- 
dom. Thc meetings were fairly well attended. — S. R. Mc- 
Dannel, Elizabethtbwn, Pa., Jan. 24. 

Elklick. — The Sunday schodl, Christian Workers' rrieet- 
ing and song service at this place have been reorganized. 
What we mostly need is more of the older people to at- 

tend these services and take part in them. The preaching 
services are well attended, with a growing interest. — T. 
S. Fike, Elklick, Pa., Jan. 21. 

Lancaster church met in cotincj! Jail. H. Sistef Lizzie 
Eby was elected Bible class leader for six months, and 
Bro. Jacob - Missemer president of Christian Workers' 
meeting for three months. Our city missionary, Sister 
Miller, reported visits made to 111 homes and the county 
institutions. Since last council six persons were baptized. 
Dec. 26, in the evening, we had a missionary and Christ- 
mas service. According to our usual custom twenty-eight 
poor families were sent baskets of provisions on Christ- 
mas. Our series of meetings will begin Jan. 24. Bra. 
George D. Zollers, of, South Bertd, Ind., will preach for 
us. — Emma C. E. Landcs, 219 College Ave., Lancaster, Pa., 
Jan. 19. 

North Tenmile Creek church convened in council to- 
day. The protracted meeting of this place was with- 
drawn until May 25, 1905. R. T. Hull, of Somerset, will 
hold the meeting for us. EUz. Finnell, solicitor for the 
church, collected $4.50 in the last three months. During 
the meeting we elected Bro, Goletine superintendent and 
Bro. J: C. Swihaft assistant. QrReers of the yourig 
people's meeting, only one elected, Bro. J. C. Swinart 
president. Others will be elected Jan. 22. — J. C. Swihart, 
R. F. D. No. 17, Scenery Hill, Pa.. Jan. 14. 

Upper Canowago.— The local mission board of our 
church reported having received $46.12 in 1904. Last even- 
ing a goodly number of members met in East Berlin 
church previous to our regular preaching services to or- 
ganize Christian Workers' meeting. Eld. O. V. Long was 
elected president and C. L. Baker and S. S. Miller vice- 
presidents; Lizzie Trimmer secretary. — Andrew Bowser, 
East Berlin, Pa., Jan. 16. 

West Johnstown congregation met in council Dec. 29. 
The elder, J. F. Dietz, not being able td. attend, Albert 
Berkley acted as moderator. The church iii a foririef 
council decided to employ a pastor as soon as one could 
be obtained. During the year three series of meetings 
were held in the congregation. About sixty were received 
into the church by baptism during the year. Two of our 
churches are in the city limits; two are outside. We 
have six resident ministers, five in the city. We have 
four evergreen Sunday schools. — H. S. Replogle. 1316 Vir- 
ginia Ave., Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 16. 


French Broad.— Dec. 28 Bro. Jesse Clark, of Jonesboro, 
Term., began a series of meeting, preaching twice each 
day. Dec. 31 Bro. A. E. Nead, of Jonesboro, Tenn., came 
to assist in the meeting. Three united with the church; 
two were baptized Jan. 14. Bro. Nead left to visit the 
churches in lower East Tennessee, which he hopes to 
strengthen. He is devoting most of his time to church 
work under mission board. To-day Bro. Clark and Bro. 
W. R. Williford, of this place, leave for Meadow Branch 
church, where they expect to hold a series of meetings. 
—Kate McCrary, R. F. D. No. 1, White Pine, Tenn., Jan. 


Buck Fork.— Bro. Wyatt Reed came to our place Jan. 
7 and stayed with us until Jan. 15. He preached eleven 
soul-cheering sermons. The attendance was fairly good. 
He was present at our church council, our elder, Joseph 
Hylton, presiding. The church officers were all reelected. 
One was received by letter. Bro. A. J. Weddle was ap- 
pointed our housekeeper for the following year. — Maggie 
Hylton, Santos, -Va„ Jan. 19, 

Fairfax church met in council Jan. 7, our elder, S. A. 
Sanger, presiding. We reorganized our Sunday school for 
the year. Bro. L. B. Flohr was elected superintendent 
and Bro. B. F. Miller assistant. VVe also had two weeks 
of Bible study, conducted by S. A. Sanger, during the 
holidays. The average attendance was ■ twenty-four. — 
Maynard Lonberger, Oakton, Va., Jan. 20. 

Germantown.— Bro. J. A. Dove, of Cloverdale, Va., came 
to us Jan. 7, commencing a series of meetings on the same 
evening. He delivered nineteen sermons. Thirty-five 
souls accepted Christ; thirty were admitted into the 
Brethren church by baptism at one gathering around the 
waterside Jan. 19. Meetings closed Jan. 19. We all feel 
much strengthened.— J. A. Fisher, R. R. No. 3, Wirtz, Va., 
Jan. 19. 

Poages Mill. — The Sunday-school and missionary meet- 
ings held at Poages' Chapel Dec. 30 and 31 were pro- 
nounced successes. The Sunday-school meeting con- 
vened Friday at II A, M., with Bro. J. H. Garst moder- 
ator. The method of carrying on Sunday-school work 
was thoroughly discussed. The question of how ministers 
and elders could help most in Sunday school came up 
and it was shown that their active service and presence in 
the Sunday school will accomplish jnore than a sermon. 
On Saturday at 10:30 the missionary meeting was called 
to order with Bro C. E. Eller, moderator. The authority 
for missions was first considered. Among other things it 
was truthfully stated that the opportunities for missionary 
work are rapidly on the increase; and that the Christian 
will give of his time and means to the advancement of 
Christ's kingdom here on the earth. After some sugges- 
tions were made on the needs of our district mission work 
and a few well-directed remarks by Bro. P. S. Miller, of 
Roanoke, a collection of $14.25 was given. This closed 
a very interesting and enthusiastic meeting. Bro. Miller 
remained with us over Sunday and gave us three very 
interesting and soul-stirring sermons, during which one 
soul decided to accept the Savior and make this year a 
new year indeed,— Nora E. Wertz, Sec, Poages Mill, Va., 
Jan. 21. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 


Hannibal. — Bro. T. D. Van Burcn, of Phillips, came 
here Jan. 14 and remained over Sunday, giving us two 
sermons which were highly appreciated. We had not 
heard the Gospel preached for over a month. There are 
only four members here, but we were glad to learn that a 
Brethren church is to be organized here in the near future. 
Brethren wishing to change locations should come here. 
Wc need their help. — Mrs. Viola Michael, Hannibal. Wis.. 
. Jan. 17. . 

..«•• CORRESPONDENCE •••••■ 

"Write wbflt thou «eest, and send it unto -the churches." 

That sociability is a powerful agency in Christian work 
none can deny. Then may we have more of it. It is 
something that even engraves pleasantness in the face. 
We fear there is no room in heaven and often wish there 
was no room on earth for dry, long-faced, so-called Chris- 

Sociability has been used until it has been abused in 
various social functions, even in the churches until it has 
lost, to a great extent, its true meaning, and drifted in- 
to cold formality. Christian sociability needs to be en- 
couraged even among the Brethren. True, some are more 
inclined to be sociable than others; so with many other 
God-given powers. But we must cultivate by getting 
very near the blessed Master and conversing with him. 
He is so very sociable that when he was on earth he 
dined with publicans, forgave the woman, and taught 
great and small many powerful lessons. Even in his great 
agony on the cross he had time to converse with the 
thief by his side. To-day he is at God's right hand, will- 
ing - gently to converse with rich and poor, great and 

No person can be a real soul-winner without sociability. 

, It is one means of expressing our love to our Fellpw-men. 

If I should enter a church, as a stranger, and not receive 

one smile or word of greeting, would I not feel that 

God's love was not manifest in that congregation? 

I remember before my conversion, mother one day was 
talking to me concerning the Christian life. I said: 
" Mother, they do not want me in the church, for they 
never talk to me." In spite of the fact that I attended 
several series of'meetings, not once did the good people 
ask me to come to Jesus, and as soon as a good brother 
who was preaching in a neighboring congregation spoke 
to me the Holy Spirit through his conversation reached 
my heart. Often this same thing may happen. Souls 
are waiting for the gentle words from our lips. It is not 
enough to preach from the pulpit, teach the Sunday 
school, or do any other public work. These are only 
agencies to bind together and build up what we have 
gathered by being sociable in our daily life, in doing 
kindness, speaking lovingly, and being kindly affectionate 
to each other. 

May God help us all to be more truly sociable, to 
speak to all who come to church, with our hearts full of 
love. How pleasant it is to bestow our affections upon 
dear little children in our homes! It is because we 
love them. So it is with all children God intends us 
to save. If we had more love for souls we would show 
it more by being sociable. Thousands of people are dying 
all over our land because of selfishness, which is the op- 
posite of sociability. We hear the cry on every hand, 
that the churches are not sociable. Wherever you see a 
sociable people you see a people who have a drawing 
power. May God help our church, therefore, to have 
more of the soul-winning, soul-saving, soul-building pow- 
er gained by true Holy Ghost sociability. 

Clara E. Stauffer. 

423 Harris Ave.. Indianapolis, Ind. 

It occurred to me that the managers of the school had 
selected the right kind of subjects for a meeting of this 

A series of talks were given by the president of the 
school, Bro. J. E. Miller, on baptism, dealing with the 
history of sprinkling, single and trine immersion and Bible 
baptism; also three lessons from the book of Philemon. 
Another series of talks was given by Bro. M. W. Em- 
mcrt on "The Monuments, as Evidence of the Truthful- 
ness of the Bible." While we as a church do not doubt 
the truthfulness of the Bible, yet it is certainly helpful 
to us to know that much of this newly acquired informa- 
tion proves, from a historical point of view, that the 
Bible is correct. 

Still another series of talks was given by Bro. D. D. Cul- 
ler, on " Practical Hints to Preachers." These were very 
interesting, not only to ministers but to all church work- 

It is to be regretted that more of our people cannot 
attend these meetings. " I have been led to believe that 
if more of us could know the nature of the work which 
is being done at these institutes, perhaps we would sacri- 
fice a little in order to attend. It has certainly been in- 
spiring to me. 

However, we believe that the local churches could spend 
a week or two each year in special study under the tu- 
ition of a good instructor, it would be a means of creating 
a greater desire to know more concerning our Great Re- 
deemer and the plan he has left on record for us. 

Geo. W. Miller. 
Ccrrogordo, III., Jan. 20. 


year, it was my 
.1 Bible institute 

During the first two weeks of the 
privilege to attend the sixteenth ; 
of the Mt. Morris school. 

The interest at the institute was very good, the en- 
rollment being about 150. The attendance outside of the 
school and locality numbered twenty. Average attend- 
ance at twenty-three special lectures, fifty. A very large 
majority of those attending were young people, and this 
fact suggests that the future Bible institute is to have 
a field of usefulness because the young people can be 
reached by it. 

The work of the institute was partly conducted on the 
lecture plan; however, after each lecture a short time was 
taken in general discussion. From two to three periods 
each day were taken for lectures, and other periods could 
be spent by attending regular Bible classes of the school, 
which we were invited to attend and take part in them. 

During the insitute Bro. John E. Mohler, of Dcs Moines, 
Iowa, was conducting a series of meetings in the chapel 
to large and appreciative congregations. He also deliv- 
ered five lectures on " Heaven " and one special talk about 
"The Problems of the City Missionary." 

at our door amongst these simple-hearted people. They 
live very plain and are quite teachable. 

We arc praying the Lord to send us some one who 
will consecrate his life to work amongst these Italian 
people in Brooklyn. Help us to pray that much good 
may be done in Jesus' name. 

Your sister happy in the work, 

Mrs. J. Kurtz Miller. 
5901 3rd Ave., Jan. 20. 


Bro. Swihart was born in Stark county, Ohio, Oct. 31, 
1832, died at his home near Roann, Ind., Jan. 17, 1905, 
aged 72 years, 2 months and 16 days. At the age of four- 
teen years with his parents he moved from Ohio to Wa- 
bash county, Indiana; was married to Magdalene Seitner, 
August, 1S55. To this union were born five sons, who 
with their mother are left to mourn the loss of a devoted 
husband and to the children a kind father. And in like 
manner the loss to the church will be sorely felt for his 
untiring labors performed in the interest of peace and 
harmony ( in the church. 

In early life he with his companion united with the 
church of their choice, the German Baptist Brethren. 
Later on he was chosen to the office of deacon, and on 
Jan. 12, 1873, he -was elected to the ministry. March 14, 
1901, he was ordained to the full ministry. During his 
ministerial life he preached 175 funerals and solemnized 
150 marriages. His Christian deportment was worthy of 
imitation by all lovers of true Christianity. 

Funeral services were conducted by elders Samuel Leck- 
rone and Frank Fisher, from Amos 4: 12, after which his 
mortal remains were laid away in the new cemetery north 
of Roann, there to await the resurrection morn. 

Jan. 20. Joseph John. 




Elder Moses T. Baer was born in Stark county, Ohio, 
March 2. 1S29. He was married to Elizabeth Cavs, of 
Crawford county, Ohio, June 12, 1852. To this union were 
born nine children, four sons and five daughters; six 
of whom together with the widow survive him. 

He moved to northern Indiana in 1853, where he and 
his wife united with the Brethren church. In the spring 
of 1861 he with his family moved to Vanburen county, 
Michigan, locating in the Black river congregation where 
he was chosen to the ministry and later ordained to the 
eldership, in which capacity he served the church until his 

In the fall of 1878 he moved to the Slate of Kansas, 
where he resided until the spring of 1889; was on the 
locating committee that located the McPherson College 
and also on the building committee and helped to put up 
the buildings. In the spring of 1889 he moved to Benton 
county, Missouri, locating in the Turkey Creek church, 
where he remained to the time of his death. 

Brother Baer served on the Standing Committee a num- 
ber of times, also as moderator of district meetings. Few 
men had a wider range of experience, having lived the 
greater part of his life on the frontier of the Brotherhood. 
He was an able advocate of the doctrine of the Bible, al- 
ways contending for the faith of the church of his 

In the summer of 1903 he commenced complaining in 
rather a peculiar way. The doctor did not seem to under- 
stand his case until the spring o( 1904 when it had de- 
veloped into a well-defined case of dropsy, when he put 
himself under the care of a specialist who did all that 
could be done for him. Sept. 11 he called lor the elders 
and received the anointing. His strong desire and prayer 
was to be permitted to attend the district meeting which 
was to be held Oct. 20. He said he had the greatest de- 
sire to attend that meeting of any in the course of his 
life. He was permitted to do so and took considerable 
part in the work. He remained in Johnson county, where 
the meeting was held, until Nov, 4, when he returned 
home gradually growing worse until Nov. 28, at 6:30 P. 
M., when he fell asleep, aged 75 years, 7 months and 
28 days. 

In the death of Brother Baer the church has lost a 
strung man, the family a kind husband and father, the 
community a well respected citizen. J. A. Campbell. 

Fristoc, Mo., Jan. 15. 


The extreme cold winter is upon us, and many poor 
are suffering for want of fuel and clothing. 

We are glad to be used of the Lord to aid in making 
some comfortable with the clothing sent in by loving 
hearts from various parts of the Brotherhood. 

One little boy came to the mission the other morning 
with his toes out of old shoes, and asked if he might 
carry up some coal, thus to earn a pair of shoes. It was 
a pleasure to gladden his little heart. Another poor' fam- 
ily who have had sickness were helped, and they wept 
for joy. Thus we are trying to help those who are worthy. 

We also helped one of our Italian sisters to-day who 
in turn helped me out with my washing. Thus we help 
"bear one another's burdens." 

Sister Marguerite Bixler, of Ohio, sent us a nice purse 
of $8.40 contributed by the Sisters' Aid Society of the 
North Springfield church; also some clothing for one of 
our poor girls that we are training for city mission work. 

We also are in receipt of §2.30 from Raymond, Ruth 
and Harold Mishler, of Ohio, who emptied the last cent 
out of their banks in order that we might make some 
poor children happy with clothing or shoes to come to 
the Brooklyn Sunday school. May the Lord bless you, 
children. You touched our hearts as they are not often 

Mothers' meeting was real well attended this week. We 
are working on our last comforter; these we sell and 
turn the proceeds in our " Church Building Fund." Our 
midweek Bible class was well attended. The interest in 
the study of Matthew's Gospel in beyond our expecta- 
tion. How wa do love to see the people come to study 
God's Word. As for myself, I am only beginning to 
live and enjoy the best there is in religion since I be- 
gan to study my Bible. 

At the close of our Italian sewing school to-day, in com- 
pany with one of our Italian sisters, we visited a num- 
ber of Italian homes. What a great field of work is right 

As reported in the Gospel Messenger, wc recently closed 
our fifth protracted meeting in the Sugar Creek church, 
near Lima, Ohio. This church is adjacent to the old Rome 
church, the place of my spiritual birth. I used to enjoy 
attending the large feasts at Sugar Creek, when young. 
I lived eleven years in an adjoining congregation to Sugar 
Creek in the first year of my ministry. The care of the 
church was then in the hands of Elder Daniel B rower, 
and the cause prospered. Sugar Creek was then, and is 
now, the largest congregation in that State district. The 
sum total of the number baptized is large; many active- 
workers in the West moved from this church. 

I explain their prosperity as being due to two things, 
faithfulness in the ministry, which includes careful church 
government, and devoted parents. A number of parents 
are able to report all of their children in the church; they 
wisely seek to incline their children toward the church 
while young. They likewise give attention to the edu- 
cation of their children. For example: one large family, 
all of whom are members, have seven sons, six of whom 
taught school and three of these sons are in the ministry; 
but they seek to exercise care as to the influence of the 
school they patronize, so that their children may return 
from school in sympathy with the church, its rules and 
usages. They are then ready to fall in line with church 
work when they return home. 

They have five in the ministry, with Bro. Samuel Driver 
in charge, and have two churchhouses, with a good deal 
of outside work. T-hey mutually divide the labor between 
them so that none are burdened. In short, the interests 
of the church at old Sugar Creek are carried on, on the 
well-tried principles upon which our fathers built up so 
many large churches in the past. They spend no time up- 
on the age limit retiring our aged ministers, but they give 
considerable attention to the necessary qualification to 
those entering the ministry. I. J. Rosenberger. 

Covington, Ohio, Jan. 18. 

I ! 

I . I 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 28, 1905. 


The special Bible term, which opened Jan. 2. has just 
closed. The attendance was good, but the thing that 
counted was the great interest manifested by those who 
assisted in the work. It was a season of retirement 
to the mount of devotion. The results will be manifested 
in the lives of these Christian workers as they go to 
their different fields of labor. The institution greatly ap- 
preciates the hearty cooperation of those who attended 
the special work, and especially the rich contributions of 
spiritual thought given by Prof. J. G. Royer through his 
class work and in the inspiring sermons which opened 
our eyes to the beauties and precious opportunities of the 
Christian life; and by Bro. J. E. Young, of Beatrice, 
Nebr., who contributed so largely to the spirituality of 
the meetings. 

Special attention was given to Sunday-school, minis- 
terial and missionary work. The inspirations received by 
the loyal supporters of these movements will certainly 
give them a new purpose in their work and will enable 
them more fully to consecrate their lives to the advance- 
ment of the Master's cause. The great principle of growth 
was constantly held up before us, and nothing was omit- 
ted that would contribute to the healthful development 
. of the spiritual life. The influence of this special period 
of consecration, on the lives of the Christians who en- 
gaged in the work, is eminently of greater importance 
than the effect on the lives of those out of the fold, 
because it is through these workers that the saving of 
immortal souls must be accomplished. 

The memory of these few days and the pleasant as- 
sociations connected with them will ever be precious in 
the minds of those who were so fortunate as to be able 
to join in the great movement, and the strength received 
will enable us to surmount the many difficulties which 
may come in the journey to the heavenly Canaan. 

Walter M. Kahle. 
Jan. 17. 


It is to the young people who are in the academies 
and colleges of the Dunkard church that I want to speak. 
Those who take advanced college work are, at some time 
in their course, apt to feel that the Brethren church is 
narrow and unsatisfactory. They hear of church troubles 
and disputes, and they think some other church with 
broader views would suit them belter. But if they were 
in. a position to get next to the workings of any other 
church, they would find that the masses in the church 
membership of other churches are quite as uneducated 
and just as dogmatic and prejudiced in their views as 
any member of the BretliTen church ever was. And the 
church affairs do not move more smoothly, either and as 
a rule I am sure the moral standards are not so high. 

Then, too, 'we in the Brethren schools are apt to think 
that the schools are a little behind the times — not "up 
to date " is the common complaint. But I am convinced 
that our church schools are not only up to date, but 
far ahead of most stale institutions in both intellectual 
and moral standards. Last week a young man from near 
here entered Michigan State Agricultural College, and in 
six days he was taken home a raving maniac and two 
days later he died, as the result of " hazing." And I 
was forcibly struck with the difference between the re- 
ception he received at that college and the one received 
by students in our church colleges, where the new stu- 
dents are met at the trains and helped m every way, 
where the president or some member of the faculty sees 
after the welfare of each, and where the students en- 
deavor to keep even the pangs of homesickness from 
the new student. 

If we are tempted to criticize the rigidity of our school 
rules, let us be thankful we are in a school where a 
man's social position is measured by his intellect and 
character, and not by his skill at whist or the price of his 
clothes. I am afraid it will be a long time before state 
institutions will "catch up" with our own schools. And 
as for us, who occasionally feel that we wish the church 
were broader, if we take the trouble to notice other 
churches, I think the Brethren church will not be found 
wanting. Anita Metzger. 

East Jordan, Mich. 


Most of our people here are from the North or East; 
yet as a whole they differ in some respects from those 
in the older states. I never found people more attentive 
lo the preaching of the Word. I mean those that attend 
church. There are fewer churchgoers according to the 
population than in Illinois. There seems to be more pro- 
fanity here than farther east, or at least a less regard 
for the religious convictions of those present. 

Another thing that militates against the Lord's work 
here is the utter disregard for the Lord's Day. I am sorry 
to say that this is not entirely confined to the sinner or 
nonprofessor. Our surroundings are not the same here 

as in a "rain" country. Here we do not expect a crop 
unless wc irrigate, and under some ditches we do not get 
water all the time, and unless it is used when it can be 
had the farmer may lose his entire crop. While this is 
true at times, yet the inclination to desecrate the Lord's 
Day grows on the people, and that kind of seed finds 
very congenial soil even in the hearts of some professors. 
I believe all the churches except our Brethren permit their 
members to gather and ship canteloupes on that sacred 
day, and of course, — " like priest, like people," — they avail 
themselves of that liberty; and that liberty of conscience 
indulged in by the nominal Christian only adds "fuel 
lo the flame" in those that know not God. 

Our ministerial force -has been increased by calling to 
our assistance Bro. John Bjorkland and David Hamm, the 
latter a grandson of our aged and esteemed Eld. David 
Frantz, of Ccrrogordo, 111. The above-named young 
brethren are talented men and are willing to labor in their 
high calling in Christ Jesus. These with Bro. J. C. Fun- 
derburgh (who has labored in the ministry ever since the 
organization of the Rockyford church, some six years ago) 
and self complete the list of our ministerial workers here. 
We divide the work among us one week in advance, then 
each one knows what is expected of him. 

Colorado is not only famous for woman suffrage, but 
the Rockyford church is noted for having every office 
in the Sunday school ably filled by the fair sex; and three 
out of the seven teachers are sisters. G. Nevinger. 

Rockyford, Colo., Jan. 16. 


" Beginnings of Hebrew History." by Charles Foster 
Kent, Ph. D., Professor of Biblical Literature in Yale. 
Charles Scribner's Sons, Publishers, New York. Cloth, 
nearly. 400 pages, $2.75 net. The work may be better 
designated as The Student's Old Testament History, con- 
taining a history of the Bible narrative from the creation 
to the establishment of the Hebrew kingdom. There can 
be no question about the scholarly character of the book. 
The author undertakes clearly to classify and arrange 
the different narratives and parts of the first twelve 
books of the Old Testament so as to have each, part 
naturally fall into its place. The origin of each book, 
as well as the origin of each separate narrative, is ably 
and fully discussed. In fact the different books are pulled 
to pieces for examination. No one can read such a work 
without having his mental horizon considerably enlarged. 
And while the author means to be conservative, and 
guard against the evils of destructive criticism, he leans, 
wc think, too much to that side. Those who would 
study the work with profit will do well constantly to 
keep this consideration in view. The arrangement of 
parallel sections, along with the chronological observa- 
tions and improved translations will not fail greatly to 
interest the careful Bible student. 

"The Thunderstorm," by J. N. Rhoads, M. D., Ferris 
& Leach, Publishers, Philadelphia, cloth, 296 pages, price, 
$1.25 net, postage 12 cents. This is a volume of un- 
usual interest for country people. The parlance is that 
of the country from start to finish, and nearly all of 
those who figure in the story belong to the rural dis- 
tricts. The plot is laid in the vicinity of Bro. Abram 
Cassel's home in Pennsylvania. In fact Bro. Cassel is 
made to play the part of "the Hermit" in the well- 
told story. The Brethren in this section of the East 
arc woven into the narrative, and incidentally a good 
deal relating to their meetings, manner of life and doc- 
trine is brought out. We should judge that the book 
would greatly interest those acquainted with the parts 
of Pennsylvania that are made to serve the purpose of 
the romance. The author is a clever writer. Now and 
then he lets his imagination get the better of him and 
the picture is over-colored. But he keeps up the in- 
'tercst. Here and there the doctrine of our people is 
not correctly described, but, generally speaking, the story 
is a good one, hangs together well and may be regarded 
as a creditable picture of what might happen in a com- 
munity where the Brethren exert a wide influence. The 
author is not a member of the Brethren church, but says 
that he half believes that they are right, and endeavored 
to do them justice in every part of the story. It is one 
of the stories that will be difficult for a country lad to 
forget after he has read it. 

"From the Ball Room to Hell" is the title of a little 
twenty-five cent booklet that we have just read. It was 
written by a converted dancing master of many years' 
experience. He tells an awful story, almost too shock- 
ing to be read. The booklet would startle half of the 
fathers and mothers in America should they undertake 
to read it, and yet if they have some sons and daughters 
they ought lo read it. It is a terrible book to place 
in the hands of a young man or a young woman, and 
still the reading of it might save some of them from 
ruin. Do you know of a young woman who wants to 
learn to dance? Let her read this book. If it does not 
turn her against dancing she must be on the road to 
depravity. Is your neighborhood disturbed with danc- 
ing parties? Place a few copies of this work in the 
hands of the better class and you may see a change com- 
ing over the young people. Let every minister get a 
copy, post himself on the evils of dancing, and then 
he will be prepared to warn the people against the soul- 
destroying sin. Price, 25 cents. Order from the Mes- 
senger office. 

"The Parochial School: a Curse to the Church, a 
Menace to the Nation," is the title of a cloth-bound vol- 
ume of 415 pages by Rev. Jeremiah J. Crowley, a Cath- 
olic priest of Chicago, known all over the United States. 
"Father Crowley" as he is generally called, is a man of 
fine scholarship, thoroughly read in Catholic literature 
and a fluent writer. His moral standing is without re- 

proach, he is highly respected wherever known, and great- 
ly loved by the poor both in the Catholic church and out 
of it. Several years ago he came to this country, and 
for a time was stationed at Oregon v 111. Later on we find 
him in Chicago, protesting against the sin and low life 
of the Catholic priests. He found that many of the 
priests of that city get drunk, frequent the houses of 
ill fame, and live hard and immoral lives generally. He 
has repeatedly called the attention of the higher officials 
to this lamentable condition, but without effect. Hence 
to expose the corruption of the clergy and the evils grow- 
ing out of the Catholic schools, he has written this book. 
And, by the way, it is one of the most startling books of 
the season. It is a horrible book to read, and details 
more meanness, more drunkenness, more immorality and 
more general corruption among the Catholic clergy than 
we ever imagined. Not only so, but Mr. Crowley seems 
to be" able to prove every charge he makes. We would 
not ask a pure-minded woman or child to wade through 
such a mass of corruption, and yet thousands of people, 
in every denomination, ought to know what is going on 
in this, the largest, religious body in the United States. 
The book is scholarly, and though in well-guarded lan- 
guage it presents a fearful picture of the most degrading 
of sins. It is hard to believe that scores of men, set 
apart for spiritual purposes, should be tolerated in the 
crime charged against them. The author poses as an 
earnest Catholic, who desires to cleanse his church of the 
corruption he finds in it, and sends forth this book, trust- 
ing that it may be the means of arousing public senti- 
ment in the interest of purity, and a high order of spir- 
ituality. The price of the work is $1.00. It may be or- 
dered of the 'author, Jeremiah J. Crowley, Chicago, III., 
or orders can be sent to the Messenger office. 


"What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder." 

the bride's father, Moses Nafzinger, by the undersigned, 
Bro. John C. Breidenbaugh and Sister Ida E. Nafzinger, 
both of Longreen, Baltimore Co., Md. A. P. Snader. 

HOLBIN— STEVENS.— At the home of the bride's 
father, by the undersigned, Jan. 8, 1905, Mr. A. A. Holbin 
and Miss M. L. Stevens, both of Norcatus, Kans. 

A. J. Wertenberger. 

MOORE— LARICK — At the home of the bride's pa- 
rents, Brother and Sister Henry Larick, in Longmont, 
Colo., Dec. 1, 1904, by the undersigned, Bro. Oscar M. 
Moore and Miss Adaline O. Larick, both of Longmont, 
Colo. Fred Wiedman. 

MURPHY— MELLOTT.— By the undersigned at Shady 
Grove, Pa., Dec. 22, 1904, Mr. J. E. .Murphy and Miss 
Nancy B. Mellott, all of Franklin county, Pa. 

Wm. C. Koontz. 

MYERS— GOOD.— By the undersigned at Ephrata, Pa., 
Jan. 10, 1905, Bro. Adam E. Myers, of New Holland, Pa., 
and Sister Margie Good, of Bareville, Pa. 

David Kilhefner. 


"Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord." 
Death Notices of Children Under Five Years Not Published. 

BALES, Joseph, born in Knox county, near Knoxville, 
Tenn., departed this life in the bounds of the Nettle 
Creek church, Dec. 22, 1904, aged 88 years, 6 months and 
24 days. His parents emigrated to this State while he 
was quite young. His first marriage was with Mary 
Cory, who departed this life in 1850. To this union were 
born five sons and one daughter. His second marriage 
was with Ann Pierce, in 1852. To this union was born 
one son. His children preceded him to the spirit world 
except two sons. His wife departed this life in 1902. 
Funeral service conducted at the White Branch house 
by Eld. Abram Bowman, assisted by D. E. Bowman, 
from Heb. 9: 27. Chas. W. Miller. 

BAUBLITZ, Mary, wife of Harrison Baublitz, died 
Nov. 27, 1904, near Menges Mill, Pa., aged 60 years, 7 
months and 29 days. Interment at Pleasant Hill; sermon 
by Eld. Moses Mummert and E. Babylon, from Luke 12; 
40. Amanda K. Miller. 

COBY, Sister Dorothy, in the bounds of Lower Lost 
River congregation, Hardy Co., W. Va., died Nov. 19, 
1904, at the home of friend James Miller, aged 88 years, 
9 months and 1 day. She was a consistent member of 
the Brethren church for thirty odd years, being among 
the first who united with the church in our congregation. 
She leaves a son and daughter. Funeral services were 
conducted by Eld. L. D. Caldwell, from Rev. 14: 13. In- 
terment in Vaughan graveyard. L. H. Miller. 

FILLMORE, Sister Mattie, wife of Bro. Henry Fill- 
more, died in the bounds of the Big Creek church, near 
dishing, Okla., her home, Dec. 29, 1904, aged 33 years, 1 
mouth and 29 days. She leaves a husband and five chil- 
dren. She was confined to her home for several months 
with consumption. She was a faithful member of the 
Brethren church. She was laid to rest in the Big Creek 
cemetery. Funeral services by Eld. Samuel Edgecomb, 
from Psa. 116: 15, assisted by the brethren. 

Almira Burnett. 

FISCEL, Bro. Ephraim, born in Adams county, Pa., 
died in PhoeniXj Ariz., Jan. 9, 1905, aged 61 years, 6 
months and 27 days. Jan. 3 he left his home in Glendale 
and drove to Phoenix, a distance of ten miles, where 
he was taken sick with hemorrhages; was taken to the 
Sisters' Hospital, where he remained until death took 
him. He was married to Louisa Matilda Eckenroade, 
Feb. 2, 1867. To this union were born two sons and two 
daughters. He moved to Kansas in 1878 and came to 
Arizona six years ago. He has been a sufferer a number 
of years, has been a member of the Brethren church 
twelve years. He leaves a wife and four children. Fu- 
neral services conducted at the church by Bro. Harvey 
Ikenberry. assisted by Bro. O. J. Beaver, from 1 Thess. 
4: 18. Bertha E. Furrey. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 


GIFFEN, Emma J. nee Duncan, died in White Rock 
congregation. McHenry Co., N. Dak., Jan. 1, 1905, aged 
28 years, 3 months and 16 days. She was married to 
Charles Giffen, Sept. 30. 1903. She leaves husband, fa- 
ther, mother, four sisters and one brother. Four sisters 
have gone before. Funeral services by L. Shatto and 
W. Slabaugh, from Job 1: 21. Mary E. Shatto. 

HORNING, John Price, died at the home of his son 
in Paris, 111., Jan. 3, 1905, aged 77 years, 5 months and 
15 days. He was married to Sarah Ann Martin, April, 
1853. She departed this life in 1899. To this union were 
born seven children; three survive him. Bro. Horning 
was a member of the Brethren church for more than 
fifty years, having served in the ministry for about twenty 
years. Funeral by the writer, from Rev. 2: 10. 

J. C Stoner. 
KINNV, Sister Sarah Jane, nee McClure, born in 
Ashtabula county, Ohio, died at Hazelton, N. Dak., Nov. 
12, 1904, aged 53 years and 11 days. When but a child 
she moved with her parents from Ohio to Michigan; 
from there the family moved to Iowa. In 1870 she 
was married to John H. Kinny. This union was blessed 
with eleven children, seven of whom with their father are 
still living. Pier husband, three sons and two daughters 
are members of the Brethren church, of which she was 
a faithful member for twenty-five years. Funeral con- 
ducted by John Wray. Mercy Kinny. 

MYERS, Emanuel, died near New Franklin, Pa., aged 
51 years, 1 month and 21 days. His death was sudden. 
While felling a tree a hard gust of wind turned the tree 
and a limb struck him. His death was instantaneous. He 
leaves a wife (a sister) and eight children dependent upon 
him for a livelihood. Services improved by the writer, 
from Prov. 27: 1. Burial at Brown's Mill near Green- 
castle. Wm. A. Anthony. 

OLIVER, Sister Elizabeth, died at her home near 
Trotwood, Ohio, Jan. 11, 1905, in the bounds of the Bear 
Creek church, of pneumonia, aged 73 years and 4 days. 
Her maiden name was Frantz. She was married three 
times. Her first marriage was to Henry Filbrun. 
To this union four sons were born; two sons preceded 
her to the spirit world. Her second marriage was to 
Nicholas Brubaker, a minister of great influence in the 
Miami Valley. Her last husband was Eld, David Oliver, 
who died about three months ago. Aunt Betsy, as she 
was generally known, was a mother in the Bear Creek 
church. Funeral services by elders John Smith and D. M. 
Garver. Josiah Eby. 

SANSMAN, John S., born in Juniata county, Pa., 
. died April 1904, at Beatrice, Nebr., aged 70 years and 
about 2 months. Mrs. S. Keister. 

SHULTZ, Mary Alice, wife of Bro. Henry G. Shultz, 
died at her home in Benton county, Tennessee, Jan. 12, 
1905, aged 22 years, 1 month and 15 days. She was mar- 
ried to Henry G. Shultz, Jan. 10, 1904. She is survived 
by her husband, parents, brothers and sisters. Without 
warning she went into convulsions and in eighteen hours, 
with but a few moments of seeming consciousness, she 
passed away. She was noted for her kind, contented dis- 
position. Esther Shultz. 

SOUDERS, Katie, nee Crouthamel, died Jan. 9, 1905, 
aged 72 years and 17 days. She was born in Hatfield. Pa. 
When twenty-one years old she was married to Samuel 
Souder. Bro. Souder died in 1SS9. In 1878 they moved 
to Lanark, 111. In 1882 they moved back to Hatfield, 
where they both died. At the age of twenty-six she 
joined the Brethren, in which faith she lived a faithful 
sister. She was blest with two sons and six daughters. 
Joseph Y. Cassel. 
STEFY, Sister Christina, died in the bounds of the East 
Nimishillen church, Stark Co., Ohio, Jan. 12, 1905, aged 
73 years, 5 months and 13 days. She was the mother of 
ten children, nine of whom survive her. The husband and 
one child preceded her to the spirit world. Funeral 
services were held at the Brick church, conducted by 
elders David Young and C. F. Kinsley, from Heb. 4:9. 

A. J. Carper. 
STROCK, Sm., died at his home in Sterling, 111., Jan. 
11, 1905, aged 70 years, 4 months and 20 days. He was 
born near Chambersburg, Franklin Co., Pa. In 1S58 he 
married Sister Mary A. Emraert, of Mt. Carroll. To 
them were born six boys and one daughter. Sister Strock 
and all her children, except one son, who died when 
young, survive him. Funeral was improved by the writer, 
assisted by the pastor of the Lutheran church. 

P. R. Keltncr. 
SWANEY, William S., born in Hindstown, Pa., died 
of dropsy and heart failure, Dec. 31. 1904, aged 60 years, 
11 months and 23 days. He married to Mary Berkeybile 
at Johnstown, Pa., May 15, 1871. They resided there till 
, 1880, when they moved to Dickinson county, Kansas. In 
1883 he moved with his family to Pawnee City, Nebr., 
and in 1S86 they moved to Seneca, Kans. Deceased leaves 
a wife (sister of Eld. A. and D. Berkeybile), two sons and 
two daughters. Lizzie Dellenbach. 

WAGONER, Sister Margaret, nee Hilderbrand, born 
in Lancaster, Ohio, died in Huntington county, Indiana, 
Jan. 8, 1905, aged 81 years, 3 months and 18 days. She 
was of Virginia parentage, her father having been a 
soldier in the war of 1S12. In 1836 she with her parents 
came to Huntington county, Indiana, settling on a farm 
near Mt. Etna. She was married to Bro. Joseph Wagoner, 
Jan. 27, 1842. This union was blessed with eight children, 
seven of whom survive her. She was one of the oldest 
members of the Brethren church in this county, having 
been a member nearly fifty years. She quietly passed 
away at the home of her son Bro. H. H. Wagoner. 
Funeral at Clearcreek, conducted by Eld. Noah Fisher; 
laid to rest in the cemetery near by. A. B. Miller. 

YOHE, Sister Sarah Cathrine, wife of A. S. Yohe, died 
Jan. 7, 1905, near Menges Mill, Pa., aged 37 years, 11 
months and 9 days. Interment at Pleasant Hill; sermon 
by Bro. J. Y. King and Eld. Moses Mummert, from 
Philpp. 1:21. Amanda K. Miller. 

YEOMAN, Sister Mary, nee Mattis, born in Carroll 
county, Illinois, died at her home near Kingsley, Iowa, 
Jan. 7, 1905, after an illness of some time, aged 53 years, 
5 months, 13 days. She was anointed several weeks 
previous to her death. She was united in marriage to 
Thomas Yeoman in 1870. To this union were born 
seven children, of whom four are still living, three dying 
in infancy. In 1874 they moved to Carroll, Iowa, re- 

maining there thirteen years. From there they moved to 
Kingsley, Iowa, where they have lived the last thirteen 
years. She leaves a husband, one son and three daugh- 
ters. Funeral services were conducted by Bro. J. F. Sou- 
ders, assisted by Bro. D. T. Dierdorff. Text, Rev. 21:1. 
I he remains were laid to rest in the Brethren cemetery 
near Kingsley, Iowa. Phcebe Foft. 

YOUNG. Margaret Ann. nee Gwvn. born at Cynthinia, 
Harrison Co., Ky., died Dec. 22. 1904, at Cambridge City, 
Ind.. in the bounds of the Nettle Creek church. March 
1, 1849, she was united in marriage to David W. Young, 
who preceded her to the spirit world July 5, 1876. To 
this union were born seven girls and four boys. One boy 
died in infancy. She was a devoted member of the Breth- 
ren church. Nov. 20 she was anointed. Funeral service 
was conducted by Eld. L. W. Teeter, from Eccl. 9: 10. 
Interment at the Brick cemetery. Chas. W. Milter. 




For 1905 


Is having a large sale. There is no reason why it should 
not have. It is as good as can be had along the Sunday- 
school line and especially adapted to our people. 


have already been filled and if you do not have a copy you 
should send your order at once, as we will print but one 
edition, and it is already going very rapidly. 

A large number of our Sunday-school teachers have 
sent us their orders. Those who have not should do so 
soon. No teacher can afford to go through the year with- 
out the inspiration and help that can be gained by study- 
ing the text as outlined by this commentary. 

It is the most complete Commentary yet published by 

the House, is profusely illustrated and contains 332 pages. 

Bound in substantial cloth, price, postpaid, $1.00. 


Elgin, Illinois. 



In Outline Booklet Form 

These topics have been carefully arranged and outlined 
by some of the best talent in the Brotherhood. A brief 
and yet very full outline of one page is made for each 

There has been a demand for such an outline and we 
are pleased to tell you that we are now ready to fill orders 
for the topics for the first six months of 1905. All our 
Christian Workers' meetings will want to use these out- 
lines, as they are very helpful. You will find that they 
aid greatly to get all the members to take part in these 
meetings. Give them a trial. 

We are printing a large number of them and can there 
fore furnish them to you at a very low rate. The booklet 
is arranged with 32 pages and cover. Size, 31^x5^- This 
leaves a few blank pages for notes. 

Price, per hundred booklets, $2.00 

For fifty, $1.25 

If desired we can print on the back, or fourth cover 

page, your announcements, names of officers, etc. This 

will cost you 75 cents per hundred extra. 

Price, with extra printing, per one hundred ..$2.75 

Price, with extra printing, for 50 copies, $2.00 

We trust that each Christian Workers' society will send 
at once for these Outline Topics and be ready for the 
New Year. 

Topics With References Only. 

We have also arranged the topics with references only, 
on a good cardboard, for the first six months of 1905. 

Those not dgsiring the outlines can secure these cards 
at the following rates: 

For 50 cards, : 20 cents 

For 100 or more, per hundred, 35 cents 

Special announcements printed on one side of card, 
50 cents extra for first one hundred and 10 cents per hun- 
dred thereafter. 
Send all orders to 

Elgin, I1L 

Vest Pocket 


O.i the Sunday School Lesson 
for 1905 

By J. M. COON. 

It contains the Sunday-school lessons for 1905 with 
proper names divided inlo syllables, and with accent 
marks placed and vowel sounds indicated; also Revised 
Version changes, Golden Texts, Daily Bible Readings, 
H.stoncal Setting, Lesson Tilles. Suggestive Readings, 
References, Practical Thoughts, etc. 

It is a splendid help for the busy man. You can carry 
it in your vest pocket and study your Sunday-school Les- 
son when you have but a few leisure moments. 

Size, 2f.,x5}., and about 14 inch thick. 


Red Linen, embossed and stamped in black, 25 cents 

a a Morocco, embossed and stamped in gold IS cents 

Ked Morocco, Interleaved Edition, two blank pages 

between each lesson for notes Mnt , 


Elgin, Illinois. 

Told at Twilight 


The Scarlet Line 



Excellent Books for Christmas Presents 

for the little folks. 

These books contain a series of short Bible stories told 
in simple manlier and especially designed for the little 
folks. A large number have been sold and give the best 

of satisfaction. Sister Rosenbcrger has the power of tell- 
ing things in a way that keeps the children's attention 
riveted on the story. The books are nicely bound in 
cloth and will be sent to any address for only 35 cents 

Address all orders io 

Elgin, 111. 

The Inglenook Cook Book. 

rt t 

italfiH 1000 recipes by the heat cooks In our Fraternity. 
They are all tried recipes and actually a success. We have 
sent out about 8,000 of these Cook Books In the la«t thre» 
years and not one word of complaint has been heard, but 
many words of prfilse and commendation have been received. 
Heretorore they have been used as premiums only, but we will 
now give an excellent opportunity for our Messenger read- 
ers to secure one of these valuable Cook Books. Price, only 
26 cents 

Elgin, Illinois, 

Church Certificate Book. 

This book contains 50 blank certificates of membership 
attached to a stub. It is arranged according to decision 
of Annual Meeting and every church secretary should 
have a copy. 

'i ' : 1 

i ' 

: 1 ' '• '!,i 



Elgin, Illinois. 

.25 cents 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— January 28, 1905. 


Fairview church commenced a scries of meetings Dec. 
23. Nineteen sermons were preached by our home min- 
isters. Although mercury registered from eight to thirty- 
four degrees below zero, some came a distance of fifteen 
miles to attend services part of the time. One sister 
with a large family of boys did not miss one service 
We met at eleven A. M. and sometimes again at six P. M. 
We believe that good has been accomplished. Saints were 
encouraged. We need more faithful workers. Who will 
come and lend a helping hand? — Sarah J. Buck, Francis, 
Assa., Canada, Jan. IS. 

Forest Grove. — Bro. A. I. Heestand, of Smithvjlle, Ohio, 
began a series of meetings Dec. 31 and remained with us 
until Jan. 15. delivering sixteen sermons. Interest was 
good. One dear soul came out on the Lord's side. — C. J. 
Steele, R. F. D. No. 2, Goshen, Ind., Jan. 22. 

Nappanee. — The church was made to rejoice yesterday. 
Two more souls were initiated into the church by -bap- 
tism. They were heads of families. — B. J. Miller, Nap- 
panee.. Ind., Jan. 23. 

Santa Ana.— Bro. D. L. Forney came among us Jan. 12. 
He was going to work with Bro. S. M. Eby, but the Lord 
called Bro. Eby to his reward Jan. 11. Now Bro. Forney 
will be alone. One dear sister united with the church 
since our last report. She was baptized last Sunday. She 
is in bed with inflammatory rheumatism. — Lizzie R, Pugh, 
Tustin, Cal., Jan. 20. 

Dayton. — Bro. Edgar D. Greene preached for us Jan. 
21 at 10:30 and Bro. P. B. Fhzwater in the evening at 
7:30.— Elmer Wombold. Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 23. 

Junction. — We are in the midst of a series of meetings. 
Bro. Heistand, of Middlepoint, Ohio, is doing the speak- 
ing. The attendance and interest are good. — Mrs. D. A. 
Fant, R. F. D. No. 6, Defiance, Ohio, Jan, 23. 

Greenville.— We are in the midst of a very good meet- 
ing. Bro. Dorsey Hoclgden has been laboring for us, 
preaching each evening for two weeks. Yesterday we re- 
ceived ten dear ones into church fellowship by baptism. 
Others will be received in a few days. Meetings continue 
with interest and large audiences.— Catharine Hoi linger, 
Greenville, Ohio, Jan, 2Z. 


It is customary in many of our Sunday schools to give 
gifts, such as candy, oranges, etc., to the children on 
Christmas day. We can find no serious objection to this 
little round of pleasure so much enjoyed by all. How- 
ever, may we not, in our eagerness to please and make 
happy the children, overlook the one- thing that would 
give to them the real and deeper joy? How many of us 
in truth have experienced the words of Jesus, "It is more 
blessed to give than to receive." 

How delighted we are, as parents, to arrange, work and 
plan that we may give gifts to our children on Christmas 
day? The kind-hearted loving parents work until a late 
hour in the night, dressing dolls, making toy beds, tables, 
etc. The night before Christmas the children retire early, 
and with joy and mirth come tripping down on Christ- 
mas morning to see what may have been provided for 
them. How they stand spellbound scanning the presents, 
trying to select the gifts meant for them. 

Can we not see the joy beaming from the faces of fa- 
ther and mother, who have spared no expense and labor 
in the preparation? Let me say we arc all children, '' some 
of a larger growth," and the little hearts upon whom we 
bestow gifts may sometimes experience a deeper sense of 
joy if they_ have an opportunity to make and give. 

After an interesting discussion by the committee ap- 
pointed to arrange for this work, it was voted that the 
scholars should both give and receive, but that the giving 
should be the more prominent feature. Every scholar 
was given the opportunity to bring a present to Sunday 
school Christmas morning, consisting of groceries, dry 
goods, notions, etc., to be presented to the Old Folks' 
Home, located in Martinsburg, Pa. It was truly an 
inspiration to see the scholars come forward with bright 
faces and willing hands to deposit their gifts. The pri- 
mary class entered heartily into the plan, each one march- 
ing up the aisle and placing the offering upon the rostrum, 
which was arranged to receive all gifts. 

The verdict of both old and young in our Sunday school 
is in hearty accord with the teaching, " It is more blessed 
to give than to receive." 

It would be good for every school in the district to 
plan to spread this good custom in its own neighborhood, 
so that Christmas of 1905 may see the blessings of our 
Savior's birthday doubled and trebled. 

The gifts made quite a pile, including one barrel of 
flour, twenty-four jars of fruit, twenty pounds of tea and 
coffee, over one hundred yards of dress goods and towel 
mg, and many other useful articles. A, E. Wilt. 

Altoona, Pa., Jan. 12. 



Feb. 18, 2 pm, Inerlewood. Cal. 
Feb. 18, Egan, Cal. 

Condensed Lectures on Eschatology 


The Doctrine of Final Things 

By T. T. HVERS. 

This little book contains eight lectures on the fol- 
lowing subjects: 

1. Death. 

2. The Intermediate State of the Dead. 

3. The Second Coming of Christ. 

4. The Resurrection. 

5. The Millennium. 

6. The Judgment. 

7. The Final Condition of the World. 

8. The Final Condition of the Righteous. 

This book should be in the hands of all our minis- 
ters and Bible students. 

Regular price, 25 cents. Our special price, only 15 
Send your order to 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Reasons Why 

the Reading Circle and Christian Workers' Topics were 
placed in the Inglenook by the General Missionary and 
Tract Committee arc: 

1. Conference authorized the Inglenook for the young 
people in particular. 

2. It is adapted to their wants and needs. 

(a) In a' literary way. 

(b) In a scientific way. 

(c) In keeping pace with the current news. 

(d) In the Christian Workers' work. 

(e) In the Reading Circle work. 

Subscription price to Christian Workers' Societies in 
clubs of 5 or more, 20 cents per copy per quarter. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Girdling the Globe 

This intensely interesting book of travel describes vivid- 
ly Elder Miller's trip around the world and takes the 
reader along in such an easy way that you feel as though 
you were traveling over the country with him. 

This is undoubtedly the best book that Bro. Miller has 
written. It contains more than 125 illustrations and 602 

Thousands of these books have been sold and all are 
delighted with the book. 


PRICE. If you have not read this book, or if you have 
a friend that you want to make a present of a good book, 
here is your opportunity. We have a number of these 
books in stock that must move out at once to give room 
for other books. AS LONG AS THEY LAST we will 
furnish them at the following rate. 

Former price. Now. 

Substantial cloth binding $2.00 $1.00 

Sheep binding, 2.50 1.25 

Full Morocco, gilt edge 3.00 1.50 

Enclose 25 cents extra for each book to pay mail or 
express charges, unless a number are ordered at one 
lime, in which case we will send them to you by express 
or freight, collect. 

Send all orders to 

Elgin, 111. 



This book has been sold by the thousands, yet there is 
a demand for same because it gives the most authentic 
history of the Brethren of any yet published. It is pro- 
fusely illustrated and is printed on good paper. Bound 
in cloth, $2.00; half morocco, $2.50; full morocco, $300 


Elgin, Illinois. 


The Messenger May be Dad, for those not Members of 

the Brethren Church, from now to the End 

of 1905, for the Small 


Here is the Plan that the General Missionary 
Corn mil tee has Decided On: 

For missionary purposes alone, (i. e., to try to lead the 
party receiving the " Messenger " to accept the faith 
of Jesus Christ as believed by the Brethren, and in no 
way to aid one now a member to have access to it) the 
"Gospel Messenger" may hereafter be furnished through 
District Boards, through all the missionaries of the Breth- 
ren church under appointment of any board, through 
agents of the Brethren Publishing House, and through 
individuals who wish to do missionary work in this man- 
ner, to any and all persons except the following: 

1. All those who are members of the Brethren church. 

2. All those in a family, any member of which is a 
member of the Brethren church. (By member is meant 
to include anyone who abides in the house, though he or 
she be no relative of the family.) 

3. The sender must make a definite statement each time 
that he knows the names sent in comply fully with rules 1 
and 2 and are in full accord with the purposes set forth 
in the beginning. 

4. Save in cases of regularly appointed agents of the 
Brethren Publishing House whose accounts are proper- 
ly paid up, the fifty cents must accompany each sub- 
scription when sent in. 

5. The lists shall be sent direct to the Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, Illinois. 

This new plan goes into effect at once. 

The plan simply means that any person, not a member, 
or any family where there are no members, can have the 
paper one year for fifty cents. 

You can call on all your neighbors, and offer them 
the paper at this price, or you can donate it to them 
on the same terms. 

Let agents, preachers and everybody else take hold of 
this proposition at once and push it. 

The fifty cents will not pay cost of printing the pa- 
per, but the General Mission Board agrees to make up 

the deficiency. 

See our editorial in this issue. Address, 

Elgin, Illinois. 



THE FIFTH EDITION of this wonderful little volume 

It is an inspiration to any child to read this volume, 
and has been the means of turning many children to the 
Lord. Boys and girls enjoy reading it, and we cannot 
recommend it too highly for your boys and girls. Its in- 
fluence can be nothing but good. 

Our new edition is neatly bound in cloth and would 
please any boy or girl. Price, single copy, 25 cents; per 
dozen, $2.50. 

Elgin, IH. 

The GocffL Messenger 


Vol. 44. 

Elgin, III., February 4, 1905. 

No. 5. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. of very little value, but with water its value will in- 

crease to many times the cost of putting water on it. 

Ed "l("maTks dn Conference Questions 72 There are still many millions of acres of arid land 

The. Church Name, 73 jj, it , t and cultivation will be made to 

What Shall We Preach? 73 

Annual Meeting Papers, 73 blossom and produce tor man. 

Beyond the Time of Moses, 74 

Why Wars Come, — 74 T]s sou theastern Europe are large rose farms, the 

Essays,— Bn«m largest one being one hundred and twenty miles long 

Funerals and Funeral Displays. By 1. J. Kosen- s t, . , 

berger 66 and forty miles wide. The gathering season is from 

The Church Name:-- ,, May until the middle of July, and seven hundred and 

Triune Baptist. By Levi D. Mohler, 00 J , ., i- 

What's in a Name? By "W. J. Swigart 66 fifty thousand women and girls are employed in this 

Would Not Change. By John S. Flory, 67 mdustry r n the sout h f France and near Paris roses 

Favors Christian Brethren. By J. H. Peck 6/ ' 

Triune Baptist Church. By Wm. S. Miller, 67 are cultivated for the manufacture of attar, ft is said 

Baptist Brethren. By Wm. Mohler 68 f , ( thirt m jHion pounds of rose leaves are gath- 

The Dunkers. By Adaline Hoff Beery, 68 ' r = 

The Efficacy of ihe Shed Blood. By Geo. L. Stude- ered annually. The leaves are transported to the tac- 

baker, •••■■■. ri860 ' B ' T S Flor 69 tories ancl converted into essence. This shows how 

The Holy' Kiss" By g A. G. Crosswhite, ' '..... m much labor is required to supply the demand for rose 

Five Minute Sermons. By Howard Miller, 70 perfume, and how many persons make a living from 

Ih„r,h i e Doo'r y By"'. BeTeMe ,"' . t. \ \ \ \ \ V. '. \V. \ 70 the industry. If to the rose we add the violet, rose 

Home and Family,— geranium, rosemary, citron, lavender, orris or iris root, 

Those Big Dinners. By Amanda Witmore 71 fc . almond thyme, cassia or opopanax, tuberose, 

What the Bonnet Did. By Emma Sutphin, . 71 / , ,-,, , ■ i „i,„ii 

Sewing Society of Ridgely, Md. By Edna P. Pentz, 71 anise, caraway, fennel, dill and coriander, we shall 

Aid Society of St. Vrain Church, Colo. By Daisy hav( , Jhe standard scent -pl a nts. 

Jones /L 

Aid Society of Myrtle Point, Oregon. By Mary 

M Michael, . ' 71 The best way to secure money tor government ex- 
Sisters' Aid Society, Greenspring, Ohio. By Mary p en ses is what the rulers of many lands would like to 
Aid i'ocfety'of Bremen! 'fnd." By Eva' EversolV,'! '.71 learn. The French have figured on raising a part of 
Missionary Sewing Circle, Pipe Creek, Md. By R: t he mon ey they need by a graduated income tax. Ac- 

A. Pfoutz cording to the bill presented some time ago, incomes 

General Missionary and Tract Department,- ^^ five hundred do]lars are to be exempt _ whi [ e the 

Christianity Means More Now 73 _ _ . 

Our Missionary Reading Circle. By Elizabeth D. rate on higher incomes rises till it reaches two per 

Rosenberger, i" ■«"-8"\Si l\ cent on those above four thousand dollars. The law 

- - "rem KalispelL Montana By D. B. Fby, 75 i ,...,.. 

"_____ applies to toreigners living in trance or receiving rev- 

' ' ! Z enues from French securities. Those who have large 

AROUND T Hb WUHLU. incomes and foreigners living in France will not be 

; ^_™™^~~ - ~~ pleased with such a law. There is much to be said 

In a speech at Philadelphia Monday night President aga ; ns t the progressive or graduated tax, on the 
Roosevelt said : " We do not intend that this re- ground that it discriminates. But it is hard for some 
public shall ever fail as those republics of olden time pe0 pi e to see why the man with the larger net in- 
failed, in which there finally came to be a government conle cannot pa y m0 re than his less fortunate fellows, 
by classes, which resulted either in the poor plunder- a. tax on a man's income, if all men paid on all their 
ing the rich or in the rich exploiting and, in one form income, would be fair and burden no one. 

or another, enslaving the poor; for either event means 

the destruction of free institutions and individual lib- What we call hard times would be considered good 

erty. Ours is not a government which recognizes times by man^people in the world. The poor of Eng- 

classes. It is based on the recognition of the indi- | and would consider them so, for one family out of 

vidual. We are not for the poor man as such, nor for f our f trl at country's population earns normally less 

the rich man as such. We are for every man, rich or than five dollars a week, and eight per cent of all the 

poor, provided he acts justly and fairly by his fellows, families in the kingdom have an average income of 

and if he so acts the government must do all it can to i ess than this. In London one person in every five 

see that inasmuch as he does no one wrong so he shall d i es j n the workhouse (a public poorhouse in which 

suffer no wrong." adult paupers are made to work), in public hospitals, 

. , . ' • , • ;„„„ or in public lunatic asylums. In 1887 there were 82,- 

Some time ago an inferior court issued an nijunc- , , . , , i. 1 r n, „ 

, ? ... ,, . , ,. ., , T-,,, S45 deaths in the city, and seventeen thousand of them 

tion to keep the beef trust from violating the law. the =*« . ,,...' , -,,. , . 

..',., c r . 1 ,i,„ ;„ were in public institutions for paupers. Ihis being 

case was carried to the Supreme Court, and the in- r . , , . u . > 

. . . , ~, . ., , ,„ . t1 , the normal condition, it is not hard to see what must 

junction was confirmed. This means that to both _ > 

. . ., , , , -iii T i,„. be their condition in times of depression such as the 

courts it seems that the law has been violated. Ihere r 

;.. , ., . , ., , ,„ „ fl ,„ present, when hundreds of thousands of men and worn - 

are many wealthy men who think themselves above the 1 . 

, , , , ' . , . .. ... ■ ., r< - :» en are out of work. Their little savings are gone, 

law, and that they can violate it with impunity. It is " , , . , " _ * ,, n 

,\ , , . . , , •„„„ and hunger and starvation are in the land. Hut the 

good to know that steps are being taken to convince , , . s , . . _ t . .. , f , 

° ., ■ -j. , v ., " _ . r „•„,„ abonng people are better off now than they were fi fty 

them that thev have a wrong idea. 1 rusts of various s p 1- 

, . , ... , , ? .. '. .. , . , vears ago : thev will be better off still in time to come, 

kinds are likely soon to realize that the law cannot be ' 6 1 

violated as it has been with impunity. In a just gov- . 

, , .' .. , , „ , Robert Huntek in "Poverty says: There are 

ernment all men are equal before the law ; and our ,,,.,., c .u 

, . ■ . probably in fairly prosperous years no fewer than 

government ought to be a lust one. .... . r ^ : T ., TT .. . c ^*— . 

6 ; ten million persons in poverty in the United States; 

The census bureau has issued a report on the con- that is to say, underfed, underclothed and poorly 
dition of irrigation in the United States in 1904. It housed. Of these about four million persons are pub- 
shows that 33,415 systems, with 59,311 miles of main lie paupers. Over two million workingmen are un- 
canals and ditches were irrigating 9,487,077 acres on employed from four to six months in the year. About 
■34,036 farms. The amount expended in construct- five hundred thousand male immigrants arrive yearly 
ing all these systems was $93:320,452, or a little less and seek work in the very districts where unemploy- 
than ten dollars an acre for the land irrigated. It ment is greatest. Nearly half the families in the 
is a good investment, for the land without the water is country are propertyless. Over one million seven hun- 

dred thousand little children are forced to become 
wage-earners when they should still be in school. 
About five million women find it necessary to work 
and about two million are employed in factories and 
mills. Probably no fewer than one million workers 
are injured or killed each year while doing their work 
and about ten million of the persons now living, will, 
if the present ratio is kept up, die of the preventable 
disease, tuberculosis." 

It is difficult for one to realize how enormous Chi- 
cago's supply of livestock is. For 1904 the total num- 
ber received was fifteen million three hundred and 
fifty-one thousand head, and the approximate val- 
uation was two hundred and sixty-three million dollars. 
The number is about two hundred and fifty-four thou- 
sand less for 1903, but is nearly two million great- 
er than the supply ten years ago, and is twice as large 
as the supply twenty years ago. This shows very 
emphatically the growth of Chicago's livestock in- 
dustry. The receipts for 1904 were divided into three 
'million two hundred and fifty-three thousand cattle, 
seven million two hundred and twenty-three thousand 
bogs, four million five hundred thousand sheep, two 
hundred and sixty-nine thousand calves, and one hun- 
dred and six thousand horses. The above totals are 
exclusive of over six hundred thousand hogs slaugh- 
tered outside the stockyards. Just think of handling 
more than ten thousand cattle, nearly fifteen thousand 
sheep, and more than twenty thousand hogs every 
business day in the year. 

The first reports of the bloodshed at St. Peters- 
burg, Jan. 22, were considerably exaggerated, bill it 
was still great enough to be terrible. No one can tell 
just how many were killed and wounded, for the au- 
thorities do not care to have the world know the facts. 
Gen. Trepoff was put in command at St. Petersburg 
and hundreds of arrests have been made. Riots fol- 
lowed in different cities, but soldiers were on hand to 
crush them. The people have not yet learned to act 
together, nor has an able leader of them appeared. 
The Poles would like to regain their independence, and 
they might do something if Russia had all of Poland; 
but it was divided , between Russia, Germany, and 
Austria, and the three countries are interested in re- 
pressing anything like a rebellion. There was trouble 
at Warsaw, the capital of Poland, last Sunday, but the 
Cossacks rode down the people, killing and wounding 
many. Shops were pillaged before the troops dis- 
persed the people. The authorities keep the upper 
hand ; but no one can tell how long it will be so. The 
czar's position is not one to be coveted. Terrible 
things are likely to happen before quiet is restored. 

In Manchuria there has been more fighting. The 
Russians assumed the aggressive, and at first sent re- 
ports of victories; but it turns out that they were de- 
feated and driven north of the Hun river. They lost 
many in killed, wounded and prisoners. A decided 
victory over the Japanese would be a great thing for 
the czar's government, and a decided defeat would 
likely make matters in European Russia much wurse, 
and it would not be surprising if the war soon came . 
to an end. The weather is so severe that campaigning 
is difficult, and the soldiers suffer much, The two 
armies are probably about as large as they will be. In- 
deed, the general belief is that the Russians have about 
as large a force in the field as they are able to main- 
tain with their single-track Siberian railroad. There 
is much talk of peace ; but Russia's pride and prestige 
will suffer greatly if peace negotiations are begun at 
her request. The near future ought to bring some- 
thing decisive. We hope it will be peace. 

U I 





THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 4, 1905. 


' Sindj to ihuw thyself approved onto God. a workman that ooedeth not i*. 
ashamed rightly di« :dinc tbo Word ol Truth." 




There is many a rest on the road of life, 

If we would only stop to take it, 
And many a tone from the better land, 

If the querulous heart would make it. 
To the sunny soul that is full of hope. 

And whose beautiful trust ne'er faileth, 
The grass is green and the flowers are bright. 

Though the wintry storm prevaileth. 

Better to hope, though the clouds hang low, 

And to keep the eyes still lifted, 
For the sweet blue sky will soon peep through, 

When the ominous clouds are rifted. 
There was never a night without a day. 

Nor an evening without a morning, 
And the darkest hour, the proverb goes, 

Is the hour before the dawning. 

There is many a gem in the path of life. 

Which we pass in our idle pleasure, 
That is richer far than the jeweled crown, 

Or the miser's hoarded treasure; 
It may be the love of a little child, 

Or a mother's prayer to heaven, 
Or only a beggar's grateful thanks 

For a cup of water given. 

Better to weave in the web of life 

A bright and golden filling, 
And to do God's will with a willing heart 

And hands that are swift and willing 
Than to snap the delicate silver threads 

Of our curious lives asunder, 
And then blame heaven for the tangled ends, 

And sit and grieve and wonder. 
Henderson, Md. 



Funerals are a necessity, and some expense neces- 
sarily attends them. But the custom of the world has 
led off on lines of display and extravagance that de- 
.serve censure. The poor can scarcely afford to have 
z funeral, and how often is there needless money ex- 
pended on a funeral occasion to be only gazed upon in 
the procession, and in a short hour is all covered with 
mother earth to be seen no more. And that uselessly 
spent money was often needed to provide for pressing 
wants in the lonely home from which the corpse was 

Among the vain and useless displays is that of flow- 
ers, now so common. Congregations need to be 
taught the sin along this line and sentiment moulded 
against it. On funeral occasions it is too tender and 
delicate an occasion to offer any reproof for this popu- 
lar vanity. Let our convictions be known and we will 
not be intruded upon when funerals come to our 
homes. To me the whole practice is void of principle, 
as the following incident illustrates: Some Americans 
were in attendance at a Chinese funeral ; as their cus- 
tom was, they left a roasted duck on the grave. One 
.of the Americans approached a Giinaman and asked : 
*' Why do you leave that duck on the grave? Do you 
'.think that the dead man will come out and eat it?" 
The Boxer sympathizer quickly replied in broken Eng- 
lish: " Yeppe ailie samee as lee whitee deadee man 
come outee and smellee flowers," virtually saying, 
" Physician, heal thyself." I am at a loss to know 
how that American could withstand the wisdom of 
the Chinaman's answer. 

Then again, so often the coffin and grave are 
wreathed in gaudy flowers, when, during lifetime, the 
deceased saw no flowers; none, no, none at all. 

"A cheap bouquet if freely given; 
Is better far while you are living, 
Than a bushel of roses white or red 
Placed on your casket after you're dead." 

Covington, Ohio. 

This Is an open question for the conference of 1905. t 

a question on which different views will be presented & 

in our columns. Under this head several articles will 4* 

appear from time to time. These articles are to be *j* 

strong, clear and entirely free from tho controversial *t* 

spirit. 4- 



Whatever Annual Meeting may decide that our 
name shall be, we may as well accept in advance that 
two general facts of the present will continue without 
much change to the end of our generation, viz : 
i. We will continue to call ourselves " Brethren." 
2. Others will continue to call us " Dunkers," and 
sometimes we will do the same ourselves in order to 
tell the people accurately who we are. 

The names Dunker, Tunker, Dunkard, are from the 
German, and were given to us, not out of respect, but 
as descriptive in a derisive sense of our mode of bap- 
tism, but meaning to dip, which is a feature of trine 
immersion by forward movement, as practiced by us. 

If we are ever to get rid of the name Dunker or 
Dunkard it must be by some easier and more efficient 
process than simply to select a name, and then by 
use on our part educate the public into general use of 
the name we select. 

The public does not educate readily out of the use 
of a specifically descriptive name into the use of a 
general name that does not describe. 

The Christian church has a hard time getting the 
public to use the general name " Christian " instead of 
the specific name " Campbellite." Of course some 
would insist that " Christian " is not a general name, 
but is both specific and descriptive. However that 
may be, still there is no other name that tells exactly 
who is meant equal to the name " Campbellite." 

It is hard for the public to give up a name that is 
more certain than any other to convey the meaning in- 

On this account the public will be slow to quit us- 
ing the name " Dunkard " as applying to us. The 
only way we may hope to have a new name instead 
of " Dunkard " generally adopted is for us to select 
one equally or more specific and descriptive, — a name 
that when used will carry with it a leading characteris- 
tic of the church, and at the same time that will tell to 
an absolute certainty who is meant. The public would 
readily take to a name of this kind. For illustration: 
In the German we have near enough that kind of a 
name in '" Dunkard " for the public to have taken 
quickly to its use. And it answered the purpose so 
much better than any other name we have tried to es- 
tablish that this name has held right on to us in spite 
of our efforts to get rid of it. 

Let us stop the use of the German name Dunkard 
by giving it a very " free translation " into the English 
and call ourselves Triune Baptists. Here is a name 
strongly descriptive that, in this country, and most 
others, is also clearly specific, singling us out from 
most all other denominations by bringing to the very 
front the distinguishing feature of our baptism — its 
threefold action. 

For our triune immersion we make the strongest 
claims, appealing successfully to both history and the 
Scriptures. We feel justified in giving prominence 
to the authenticity of our form of baptism and do so 
to advantage in efforts from the pulpit, in our liter- 
ature and throughout our work. 

While it will take a great deal of explaining to ac- 
quaint the public with any name we may adopt and 
there is a chance that with all our effort we may fail 
to get the people generally to adopt the name we select, 
yet with the name Triune Baptist, as with scarcely any 
other the explanation away from Dunkard to this 
name is the most plausible and striking. At the same 
time the trouble we are put to telling about the change 
pays its way and a profit besides by bringing before 
the people a knowledge of our mode of baptism. 

The name creates inquiry for information we are 
glad to give. It will make the prominent doctrinal 

feature the subject of conversation, discussion and in- 
vestigation, incidentally bringing in other doctrinal 
and denominational features. As a result the years of 
explaining to the public to adopt our new name will be 
as many years of instruction concerning the original 
form of Christian baptism, and the aggregate result 
may show that we have successfully established a 
church name for ourselves. Whether this is successful 
or not, a vastly more important work has been accom- 
plished, incidentally to the effort of changing our name, 
and that is widely to extend the knowledge of our 
baptism and its authenticity. 

Just to get a name that we like better than Dunk- 
ard or German Baptist Brethren will hardly pay for 
the effort ; but if on the side the work of making the 
change may become directly instructive to the public, 
then the undertaking may become very profitable to 
us. Adopting the name Triune Baptist Brethren will 
work this result to the highest degree. It will pay, 
whether we fail or succeed, in getting the name into 
general use ; and its quality of describing and pointing 
us out will give the name the best possible chance for 
acceptance by the public. 
Ellison, N. Dak. 



If my vote could do it, all controversy about our 
church name would end, and we would leave it as it 
is. We are used to it now, and what is the use of 
stirring up dissent or dissatisfaction about it? We 
are not German any more, it is true, or not many of 
us, but what of that? It won't mislead many. Peo- 
ple know that conditions change, and that names are 
not necessarily significant. Names become dear to 
people and they are retained for what they have been 
and for what they once signified, rather than get ac- 
customed to a new one. If the name is changed to 
" New Testament Christians," or something of that 
kind, our friends of the world will take us for some 
new upstert of an organization like the " New Lights," 
etc., and will never think of the staid, conservative 
old Dunker people who have been here for two cen- 
turies and more. 

We know who we are with the old name, and our 
friends will know us a great deal better by that than 
by some new name. It is not pleasant to be everlast- 
ingly explaining who we are after we have told our 
name. Even with " German Baptist Brethren " as our 
name, we must generally explain to many inquirers 
that we really are Dunkers. If it is changed to some 
new name and some one inquires to what church we 
belong, and we would say, " We are New Testament 
Christians," he would say, " Oh, we all claim to be 
that." We should then say we were German Baptist 
Brethren, and then if not clear, we could say we used 
to be Dunkers, and then in a minute he knows all 
about it. If there must be a change, I wf6h from my 
heart it would be to " Dunkers " and have done with 
it. Isn't " New Testament Christians " doubling 
things a little anyway ? Others are hardly Old Testa- 
ment Christians or New Testament Jews. 

Family names are not always " significant." Brum- 
baugh and all " — baughs," Rosenberger, and all 
" — bergers," Snyder, Schultz, Swigart, etc., are all 
German names. That is, they were originally the 
names of German people, but many of the persons 
bearing these names have left the real German a cen- 
tury behind them, and the Pennsylvania-Dutch a half- 
century, and few people in coming into our houses 
would expect to hear us talk Dutch. 

Anyway names are only matters of convenience. 
In Boston they have the " Old North Church," that is 
sacred since Revolutionary times. It got too old and 
they repaired it or built another, but the name was 
sacred, all of it, so they named the new one " New 
Old North Church." There are white blackbirds and 
tame wildcats ; there are Frenchmen who are Ameri- 
cans, Southerners who live in the North. A black- 
berry is green when it is red ; and most " German 
Baptist Brethren " are English, and the people soon 
know that fact. 

It is not many years, if my memory is correct, sinofc 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 4, 1906. 


he matter was discussed and " German Baptist Brem- 
en" adopted. If another change is made, the fond- 
ness or at least the tendency to. change will bring 
something else up and it will be names and new names 
and change of names. It takes on the appearance of 
fickleness, and restlessness, and unsettledness that is 
worse to the outside world than the present contra- 
dictory name that is such an objection. If we could 
just drop the " German " and leave it " Brethren " it 
would be all right, but there are obstacles in the way 
of that. But there are, and will be so many names 
suggested, all of them good enough possibly, and 
appropriate enough, that controversy and partyism will 
result, which will be worse than the old name. / 
move the whole thing be dropped, and that we be 
known to the world by what we are, rather than by 
what zve are called. 

" What's in a name? " " A rose by any other name 
would smell as sweet." 

Huntingdon, Pa. 



The different articles that have appeared in these 
columns recently in regard to our church name have 
set forth a variety of views, yet all have been alike, I 
believe, in one particular, they support some proposed 
change. The present writer wishes to say a word 
on the other side of the question. 

There are several reasons why I think no change, 
at least no radical change, in our church name should 
be made. In the first place, I know no good reason 
for desiring a change. In the second place, positive 
disadvantages would attend any material change. 
Again, it would be next to impossible to effect a 
change practically if it were ordered by the Confer- 
ence . 

I have heard it said that our name is misleading, 
and that it frequently requires explanation. This is 
doubtless true where we are unknown, but what in- 
stitution does not need explanation when it is heard 
of for the first time? The remedy for this lies, not 
in a change of name, but in the activity of the church. 
Let us push out and make ourselves understood, let 
the world know what we believe and stand for, and 
we will need no more explanation than any other 
Christian organization. 

Our present name is specific and stands for some- 
thing particular, and this is what names should do so 
far as practicable. The word Baptist has come to be 
used by Protestant Christians to denote a tolerably 
sharp distinction between those who baptize by im- 
mersion alone and those who do not. Since this is 
true, it is important for the sake of clearness that we 
retain this word as a part of our name, for if there 
are any Baptists in the world we deserve to be known 
as that people. We should not lightly give up a term 
that emphasizes one of the cardinal principles of our 

As to the word German, it is objected that many 
of our people are not German, and that the word is 
therefore a misnomer. Now, whoever knows our his- 
tory, if only in the most general way, knows that as 
a people we are essentially German. The founders 
of the church were all Germans. When they migrat- 
ed to this country they settled among other German 
immigrants, and their early missionary efforts were 
confined to these. While we have since spread over 
almost the whole United States, a study of this spread- 
ing out with the aid of a good map will show that 
the location of our strong churches to-day is identical 
with the settlements made by these German people as 
they, from time to time, moved westward from Penn- 
sylvania and Virginia. While there are many per- 
sons in the church without German blood in their 
veins, it is doubtful whether there are many places 
where strong churches have been built up, in which 
there was not a goodly sprinkling of Germans among 
the settlers. Why this is so we need not enquire 
now, further than to say that the thriftiness, simplicity 
and frugality of the German nature has proved a pe- 
culiarly favorable soil for the growth and development 
°f the homely doctrines and usages which are the 

cardinal features of our faith and practice. What- 
ever the objections to the word German may be, it has 
at least this in its favor, that it stands for a great deal 
that is best in our past history, and emphasizes traits 
of character and perpetuates memories with which we 
should be loath to part. We shall lose a great deal 
if we lose this word from our name. 

We should, however, experience no serious loss by 
dropping the word Brethren if it were not for one 
thing; there is another body of Christians in this coun- 
try incorporated as " German Baptists." We cannot 
therefore use this name without a distinguishing term, 
and I know of nothing more suitable or appropriate 
for this than the word Brethren. This is a beautiful 
word, one that we habitually use in familiar inter- 
course among ourselves, and it makes a suitable dis- 
tinguishing term, it seems to me, for our corporate 

These three words form a name of distinct individ- 
uality. If any of them are vague in themselves, com- 
bined they emphasize the prevailing characteristics of 
our people and designate us as we really are, Germans, 
Baptists, Brethren. 

While I fail to see a good reason for changing our 
present name, there is, it seems to me, a very good 
reason why we should not change. If a material 
change were made or a new name adopted we should 
be distressed for a long time by a multiplicity of 
names that would be embarrassing to ourselves and 
confusing to our neighbors, and would in no way re- 
flect credit upon us as a people. Frequent changes 
are apt to be looked upon with distrust. A proposition 
to change our name has been before the Conference 
at different times, and a change was made only some 
dozen years ago. By repeatedly opening up this 
question we are liable to lay ourselves open to the 
charge of indecision, and of not knowing our own 

There is one other consideration. Most of us know 
something of the persistency with which names cling 
when once established. It is next to impossible to 
change them. The fact that we have long been 
known by our present name is a very strong argument 
in favor of its continued use. Our tussle with Dunk- 
ard and Dunker should be an object lesson for us in 
• this and should make us wary about giving ourselves 
any more names. 

University of Virginia. 


the fall of man, and is by no means confined to the 
Xew Testament. 

There is one more name that I do not remember see- 
ing suggested that I would prefer above " New Testa- 
ment Brethren," viz, " Christian Disciples," and I do 
not know of this name being adopted by any other 
people. This name suggests that we are learners or 
students of Christ's, And what could be more sug- 
gestive of our real character, when we read the min- 
utes of our Annual Conference, showing the elimina- 
tion of time-worn customs or methods, which no doubt 
served a good purpose in their time and place, but are 
inapplicable to many of the times and places into 
which the church is moving. But Christian disciple- 
ship would ever be a safe banner around which to 
rally. May God direct the Conference of 1905 to a 
wise settlement of this question. 
Manvcl, Texas. 


A moke appropriate name is of such magnitude and 
importance that I do not think any further arguments 
are needed than have already been published. But I 
want to express my preference of the names suggested. 

1. "Christian Brethren." This, it seems to me, 
should tower head and shoulders above all others, be- 
cause, first, it is short; no meaningless words or even 
letters in it, and yet long enough to tell it all. Second, 
it is purely gospel. " All ye are brethren." — Jesus. 
" The disciples were first called Christians in Antioch." 
— Luke. Nothing could be more appropriate. It is 
better than even Brethren, or Christians, alone, for 
reasons already published in the Messenger. 

My second choice would be " Primitive Brethren." 
But I do not like it nearly so well as Christian Breth- 
ren, because there is too much of a tendency among 
us to remain primitive; not with reference to gospel 
teaching, but in customs which the Gospel does not 
teach. Christian principles are the same in all times 
and in every place, and we should apply them to the 
surrounding circumstances in every place, and up to 
the most modern times. 

3. " Gospel Brethren." I like this better than 
" New Testament Brethren " because it is smoother, 
shorter, and we do not want to have the idea to go out 
that we have no use for the Old Testament, which 
might be the case with " New Testament Brethren." 
The Gospel was preached before the New Testament 
was written, even as far back as the time of Abraham 
(see Gal. 3:8) ; in fact, the Gospel has been the good 
news of salvation and hope of deliverance ever since 



After frequent effort to think of an altogether suit- 
able church name, 1 finally thought of Trine Baptist. 
The Baptist part of the old name, I think, should not 
be dropped; it distinguishes from Pcdobaptist or those 
who do not immerse. Trine distinguishes from single 
immersion. It teaches not only that we are immer- 
sionists, but that we are trine immersionists, immers- 
ing once in each name of the Trinity. It is explana- 
tory. All the other names suggested assume all with> 
out any explanation as to any part of the practice of 
the church. We have always been not only Baptists, 
but Trine Baptists. 

This name would not in the least prejudice other 
churches, but rather provoke their praise for calling 
ourselves what we really are by practice, " trine im- 
mersionists." This name tends to provoke searching 
the Scriptures. Should our churchhousc be so let- 
tered, a man coming along, being taught only single 
immersion, may become impressed and search the 
Scriptures for himself and learn that his teaching, 
faith, and possibly practice does not correspond with 
the commission, " Baptizing them in the name of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." 

Church always implies brethren, but brethren docs 
not in all cases imply church. The secret orders are 
brethren in a sense. Brethren, in my tight on the 
question, is not essential as to the name of a church. 
The question may be asked, To what church do you 
belong? Answer, "Trine Baptist." Brethren is im- 
plied ; the inquirer knows that all churches claim to be 
brethren among themselves. 

Brethren Hymnal, Brethren Publishing House, is 
only one-third of the present name. Trine Baptist 
Hymnal, Trine Baptist Publishing House; here we 
have the complete name explaining an important fea- 
ture of the faith and practice of the church, and dis- 
tinguishing so clearly from all other church names. 

This name is short and easy, and would be used as 
a whole. The old name is frequently used in part 
only, that is, " Brethren church," 

On the word German of the old name I believe 
hinges the demand for a change. In place of German 
put Trine, and leave Baptist stand, but drop Brethren, 
and we have the very short and well-adapted name, 
" Trine Baptist." We are so accustomed to the name 
Brethren that I believe, if it be made a part of the 
new name, that we will pass more by that part of the 
name only than by the whole name, and in this way 
confound us with others that have Brethren as their 
church name or part thereof. 

New Testament Brethren, Christian Brethren, Gos- 
pel Brethren and Primitive Brethren, I believe, are 
all the others suggested. We as a church know what 
we claim under such names or terms, but how is it 
with those who know not how wc understand the 
Scriptures? Such names leave the uninformed unin- 
formed still. Let the church name teach in print, by 
expression of mouth and everywhere that our church 
receives her members by trine immersion, tending to 
draw those who are inclined that way. With due 
respect to all. 

Myersdale, Pa. . __ _ _ 

I • ;. 1 <i 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 4, 1905. 



We call ourselves Brethren. The world calls us 
Dunkards. Our legal name is German Baptist Breth- 
ren. Names enough indeed. Two more than we 
want, but, unfortunately for us, the only one of the 
three that we do want we cannot legally have because 
it is already assumed by another body. 

What we, as a church, need, is a name free from 
really objectionable features. A name that . will 
" wear," a name that will eventually identify us when 
spoken. This, it appears to me, cannot be had in 
a long descriptive name. A long name is an invitation 
for a nickname, because a long name is too cumber- 
some for convenience. 

The name Dunkard (not Tunk-er) identifies us to- 
day. It is short enough, but to many members it is 
very objectionable, because it was given to us as a 
derisive nickname; it is meaningless, and its sound 
creates a feeling against it in the minds of many when 
they first hear it. " Brethren " is the name that many 
of us would like to have. Whatever legal name we 
may take for ourselves, we are almost certain to con- 
tinue to call ourselves " Brethren." Brethren should 
be a strong part of our legal name. It looks to me 
as folly for us to expect to be known to the world by 
some name that we ourselves do not habitually use. 

Since we cannot use the word " Brethren " alone, 
as our legal name, we should choose a word to go with 
it that cannot be twisted into some offensive form 
by which we may be known instead of our real name. 

Our present legal name has in it three words with 
which the church has been associated a long time, — 
Brethren, Baptist and German,— all of which are de- 
scriptive. We are still Baptists; we are still Brethren, 
and we have been German. About all the objection 
to our present legal name comes from that part which 
we as a body are not now, — German. The word 
" German " is not only misleading, but in countries 
where there is a feeling against the Germans, as a 
people, it has interfered with mission work. By cut- 
ting out of our name the word " German " we will 
remove the objection to it. and we will have left a 
name that has already been suggested by another 
writer, — Baptist Brethren. It is a name that, in some 
form, has been associated with the church from its 
earliest history. It is the English form of the old 
German church name, Tanfer Briider. It is a name 
that we have had with us so long that we need have 
no fears of disliking it, after we have once formally 
adopted it. The name is short enough to use on all 
the church's literature, without abbreviating it. For 
my part I like the name better than anything else which 
has been suggested. 
Falls City. Nebr. 


documents, corporations, etc., if it is so decreed, but 
the popular, distinguishable name will remain " Dunk- 
er." Sometimes discussions about " the Dunker bon- 
net " are permissible ; but a Brethren bonnet would be 
an anomaly. The " Salvation Army " is known in 
every land (and so is their bonnet) ; and when the 
rulers of nations patronize them, giving them aid and 
comfort, do you think it would be a good plan for 
them to sit down and study up a more euphonious 
name for their organization ? Even the name " Chris- 
tian," so dear to us, was in great contempt when Nero 
made living torches of the early converts. 

" Die Dunker " is associated with my earliest im- 
pressions, when my parents used to take me to the 
" liebesmahl " and give me a little piece of the hal- 
lowed bread. The Dunker reputation for honesty, 
simplicity, and unmixedness is refreshing to my mem- 
ory. I would fain cling to the landmark from which 
I get my bearings in these restless, upheaving times. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 



Why all this quibbling about a name? We have 
had a name ever since we can remember, — the most 
expressive, distinctive, and honorable of any I can 
think of,— the " Dunker " church. If that name were 
obliterated from our conversation and literature, I 
should feel as if I had somehow lost my place. I do 
not know how we got the name; possibly it was ap- 
plied to us in derision by outsiders. But could any 
other name describe us more exactly than " immers- 
ers " or " dippers " ? 

I do not suppose the " Methodists " named them- 
selves ; yet the name " Methodist " is honored the 
world around. The " Puritans " doubtless were 
pointed at as those who aspired to a better, purer re- 
ligion ; yet who among us nowadays would not feel 
a touch of pride to have come of " Puritan " ancestry ? 
Did you ever know of any other church that changed 
its name after it was long established? It would be 
like pulling up an oak tree by the roots and trying to 
plant it again. 

" All ye are brethren," of course ; but " brethren " 
is a common noun, and " Dunker " isn't ; not now, 
anyhow. Let " Brethren " be our official name, in 


If we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have 
fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ, 
his Son, cleanseth us from all sin. — 1 John 1 : 7. 

The. subject of this article is one that deserves more 
than a passing notice. 

When man transgressed God's law, and a curse 
was pronounced upon him, God made a promise to 
redeem him, and Christ has come in due time to ful- 
fill the promise of the Father, and we have been re- 
deemed, not with corruptible things, as with silver 
and gold, " but with the precious blood of Christ." 
I Peter 1 : 18. 

Blood played an important part in man's acceptance 
with the Father under the old law : " And Abel, he 
also brought of the firstlings, of his flock and of the 
fat thereof. And the Lord had respect unto Abel 
and to his offering; but unto Cain and to his offering 
be had not respect." Abel's sacrifice was made by 
the shedding of blood, and was accepted. Paul taught 
the importance of the blood and said, " Without shed- 
ding of blood is no remission." Heb. 9 : 22. 

And the Lord told Moses and Aaron that every 
man among the children of Israel should take a lamb 
from the flock and keep it four days. Then he was 
to kill it in the evening. And he was to take the 
blood of the lamb, and put it on each side of the door, 
and over it. For the Lord would pass over the land 
that night, and would cause the older sons of all the 
Egvptians to die. 

But. when he saw' the blood on. their doors, he would 
pass over them, and no harm should befall them. 
What an effect the blood had in the land of Egypt that 
night! So the text says, " The blood of Jesus Christ 
cleanseth us from all sin." Well may we sing: 

" Precious is the blood of the Lamb! 

Truly shed for one and for all. 
Sinful and defiled tho' we be, 

We to him for mercy may call; 
Jesus' blood has power to renew us, 

Jesus' blood has virtue to save, 
Christ on Calvary died to set us free, 

To redeem the lost his life he gave." 

Blood was used in sin offering, trespass offering, 
burnt offering, and peace offering. It was used as an 
atonement ; sprinkled on the mercy seat. The cove- 
nant that the Lord made with the people was sealed 
with blood ; " And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled 
it on the people and said, Behold the blood of the cove- 
nant, which the Lord hath made with you concern- 
ing all these words." Ex. 24:8. 

The above are a few of the teachings of the Old 
Testament of the efficacy of the blood. We shall no- 
tice a few of the teachings of the New Testament. 

Redemption through Blood. 
Man had been sold under sin : " For all have sinned 
and come short of the glory of God." Redemption 
means to buy back. Christ came to make the pur- 

chase. " Ye are bought with a price." Oh, the price 
that has been paid for redemption? Blood, the 
precious blood of Jesus ! 

" For as much as ye know that ye were not re- 
deemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold. 

but with the precious blood of Christ 

as of a lamb without blemish and without spot." 1 
Peter 1 : 18. 

Peace through Blood. 

Jesus said before he ascended to his Father, " Peace 
I leave with you ; my peace I give unto you." Paul 
tells us that the Father " made peace through the 
blood of his [Christ's] cross, by him to reconcile all 
things unto himself." Col. 1 : 20. Again, " Being 
justified by faith we have peace with God through our 
Lord Jesus Christ." We, being made free from sin, 
and become the servants of God, have peace, the peace 
that passeth all understanding. Philpp. 4:7. 

There is no true peace outside of Christ. " For 
the kingdom of God is not meat and drink ; but right- 
eousness and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost." 
Rom. 14 : 17. 

Cleansed by Blood. 

" For this is my blood of the new testament, which 
is shed for many for the remission of sins." Matt. 26: 
28. Christ's blood is the blood of the new covenant. 
The old covenant offerings were made by the blood of 
animals. It was sealed with the blood of calves and 
of goats. Heb. 9: 19, 20. The covenant that God 
has made with us and all the benefits and privileges 
are upon the merits and death of Christ. Sin was 
the cause of man's fall, and of God's punishment. 
The new covenant, which has been given us, was 
procured by the blood of Christ, and is for the purpose 
of reconciling us to God. Christ had to die to take 
away sin. " For without shedding of blood is no re- 

If we want salvation we must come to Christ, who 
has loved us and died to save us. " Unto him that 
loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own 
blood." Rev. 1 : 5. We can do nothing of ourselves. 
If we want sin taken from us, and we be made free 
from sin, we must come to Christ, who will wash 
all our sins away. Oh, that blessed fountain filled 
with blood, drawn from Immanuel's veins. What a 
blessed privilege to plunge into this fountain and be 

Under the old covenant the Jews had to have the 
high priest intercede for them. The priest would go 
into the holy of holies with blood once a year to make 

Christ, our great High Priest, came and went into 
the holy of holies once for all. We are now all kings 
and priests of God (Rev. 1:6), made so by virtue of 
Christ's blood. We need no priest to intercede for us 
now. We can come to the Father through our Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

When John was banished on the isle of Patmos, 
" for the word of God, and for a testimony of Jesus 
Cnrist," he was asked by one of the elders, " What 
are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence 
came they?" And John answered him, "Sir, thou 
knowest." And the elder said, " These are they which 
came out of great tribulation, and have washed their 
robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. 
Rev. 7:13, 14- 

Some have sealed their faith with their own blood : 
but this is not efficacious within itself. It is not the 
blood of martyrs, but the blood of the Lamb, that can 
cleanse the soul and make it pure and clean in the 
sight of God. 

The glorious privilege of those who have come to 
God through tribulation, and who have effectually ap- 
plied the blood of the Lamb! "For they are before 
the throne of God ; and serve him day and night in 
his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall 
dwell among them." 

May we all, through obedience to him who loved us, 
have our sins washed away in his own blood ! How 
we should love him who first loved us, and gave him- 
self for us. This love should prompt a full surrender 
of self, and a complete resignation to his will. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 4. 1905. 



We should show our love to him by keeping his 
commandments. It cost the blood of Christ to give 
us the plan of salvation. Whenever we accept of it we 
apply the blood which cleanseth us from all sin. 

Let us greatly prize the wonderful price paid for our 
redemption. " Ye are not your own ; for ye are bought 
with a price: therefore glorify God in your body and in 
vou r spirit which are God's." 

May we all do so! Amen. 

Muncie, hid. 






Obedience, a Condition of Loyalty. 


Feet-washing, a Religious Rite. 


The Lord's Supper. 


The Cup and Loaf. 


The Christian Salutation. 


Anointing the Sick with OiL 


Forty-fouk years ago I was privileged to attend the 
Annual Meeting in Tennessee. How rapidly time 
flies, and what changes have taken place in our Broth- 
erhood since then ! It was about such an attendance as 
we now frequently see at district meetings in some dis- 
tricts. I distinctly remember how at this meeting 
the queries that came in from the different districts 
before the Standing Committee not having answers — 
and in those clays not many queries had answers- 
were parcelled out to subcommittees. The ministers 
present were divided up into committees. I remember 
the committee on which I was a member had three 
queries, and we withdrew a convenient distance out in 
the grove and the thick layer of leaves on the ground 
served us for a pleasant place to recline while consider- 
ing the merits of the queries. No minutes were kept 
of our proceedings more than an answer affixed by 
our foreman, using a pencil for the purpose. Then 
the queries were returned to the Standing Committee. 
I well remember some of the old standard bearers that 
then were active in church work, such as D. P. Say- 
lor, James Quinter, Johnny Cline, B. F. Moomaw, 
J. P. Eversole and others long since gone to their re- 

A question that provoked some sharp criticism at 
this meeting was that of a new Hymn Book. But the 
great question of the day was the missionary question. 
Strange as it may seem to the younger members of ihe 
church to-day, it was a hard question to get a favor- 
able consideration of. I well remember a conversation 
I had on our return from the meeting with Eld. B. F. 
Moomaw's. wife. She was an ardent sister for a 
more forward movement along mission lines. Said 
she: " Oh! I am so sorry that "as usual nothing was 
done to help the missionary cause." Said I in answer 
to the remark : " Sister Moomaw, the day is coming, 
and you will live to see it, when the cause of missions 
will be' the very life of the church." I firmly believed 
it and she did live to take a great interest and part in 
tne work. Some of us may be impatient because mis- 
sion work as well as other church activities do not 
move along as rapidly as we would wish. One thing 
I have always noticed, it is difficult and hardly wise 
to expect any advancement to rush ahead of educa- 
tional lines. That is to say, the seed must first be 
sown, then cultivation must follow if we want a har- 
vest to the glory of God. and the welfare of the church. 
If each of us has faith and puts forth due energies 
we need not fear but what the ship Zion will move on 
about as we are able to stand the strain. The small 
crafts of forty years ago could not stand what the 
great ironclad monsters of the great deep can stand 

As our forefathers did the best they knew for the 
safety of the church forty years ago, let us do the best 
we know now to keep the old ship afloat, and maybe 
the -possibilities of the church in forty years from 
now will be wonderful in taking the world for Christ. 
If it is, the present will certainly cut no mean figure 
in the work she is now doing. Therefore let no one 
fold hands and sit down in idleness because we cannot 
drive the world before us. " In due time we shall reap 
if we faint not." 
Los Angeles, Cat. 

Mrs. Julia Ward Howe was once asked for a 
definition of the ideal aim of life. Her reply was full 
of wisdom : " To learn, to teach, to serve, and enjoy." 


It may be helpful to consider this form of greetin: 
under the following heads: I. The parental kiss. 2. 
The lustful kiss. 3. The Eastern salutation. 4. The 
Judas kiss. 5. The holy kiss. 

1. The parental kiss. Perhaps the first record we 
have of the parental kiss is that of Jacob receiving 
his father's kiss and blessing through deception. 
Isaac was old and blind and aimed these blessings 
for Esau, his firstborn. Genesis 27. This love token 
came from an honest heart, and the circumstance 
may teach us that treachery on the part of some one 
else does not forfeit our obligation to perform a duty 
if we are sincere. We next find Laban kissing his 
family before leaving them. Gen. 31 : 55. This was, 
no doubt, mutual and genuine. Under this head we 
may also include the meeting of Jacob and Esau after 
their long separation. Gen.-33:4. Here is a joyful 
meeting, a fond embrace, a tenderly brotherly kiss and 
they are friends and brethren again. Let us follow 
him until he, too, shall have children and for his de- 
ceiving shall himself be deceived by his children. 
Pass rapidly over the selling of Joseph into Egypt 
and the affectionate meeting of those boys again. Is 
it strange that they should fall upon each other's necks 
and weep? Is it strange that they should kiss their 
long-lost brother and he them? But here comes old 
Israel— what will he do ? Is it likely that any board of 
health could persuade him that a germ of disease 
might be communicated to him by coming into close 
touch with his Egyptian boy whom he had mourned as 
dead? Was a cup of joy ever fuller? Is it strange 
that old grandfather Jacob should even kiss Joseph's 
sons and lay his hands in blessing upon them? The 
same kind of affection dwelt in the hearts of Ruth and 
Orpah for their dear mother-in-law Naomi for each of 
there not a consecrated grave in Moab for each of 
them? Orpah, dear girl, knew what it meant to kiss 
Naomi and return. So might we mention more in- 
stances, but it is not necessary, for may we not daily 
sec a repetition of such scenes and realize full' well 
that the kiss is still a love-token, and even the most 
fatal disease is no barrier to the fond mother, for she 
will kiss her child if she knows that she may soon 
be laid low by the same disease. 

2. The lustful kiss. It is hard to account for the 
unhappy marriages and the ever-increasing number 
of divorces in our country except on the ground that, 
too often, associations have been formed in places of 
feasting and rioting where questionable liberties have 
been granted and taken, where the principle of love 
was at first scarcely considered. The term " holy 
matrimony " in many instances is a dead letter, so 
to speak. Should these lines chance to fall under the 
notice of any father and mother who have made light 
of the observance of the holy kiss let them know that 
it is far more honorable for their children to be united 
to those who honor this divine command than to those 
whose breath is polluted, their lips unclean and their 
souls corrupted by incestuous and unholy living. 

3. The Eastern salutation. This must be seen to be 
appreciated. The salutation is still observed in the 
East very much as it was in our Savior's time. When 
two orientals meet they warmly embrace each other 
and go through numerous gyrations of the body, re- 
peat a ceremony, kiss each other on both cheeks and 
continue this .strange greeting for several minutes. 
This is why Christ instructed the disciples that he 
sent out to " salute no man by the way." 

4. The Judas kiss. This was a kiss of betrayal; but 
may now be applied to a hypocritical act. Some re- 
fuse to observe this ordinance because they are not 
on good terms with a certain one and claim that the 

heart must be in the act. Every one who is in fellow- 
ship with the church is entitled to the Christian cour- 
tesy; and if there is a feeling that is not right there 
should be an adjustment of such differences. The sal- 
utation of the kiss is withdrawn from the suspended 
member and should be respected. 

5. The holy kiss The only peculiarity about the 
holy kiss is that it requires Izvo to observe it, and that 
there must be a mutual agreement. In all the other 
forms of greeting mentioned in the Bible or history 
(unless we except the Eastern salutation), one might 
kiss another one without any action on the part of the 
latter, but in this the command is explicit, " Greet 
one another," etc. The same form of speech is ob- 
served in the feet-washing service. In the parable of 
the " prodigal son " the father kissed the son, but there 
is no mention of the son kissing the father. At Simon 
the Pharisee's house, Simon was reproved for not 
kissing the Savior. On the night of the betrayal Judas 
kissed the Savior. Some say " betrayed him with a 
kiss," but it is more proper to say " pointed him out " 
by this signal. It is quite likely that our blessed ex- 
emplar instituted this along with the other ordinances 
that night, and that it was after Judas had gone out. 
Jesus said to his disciples that night: " A new com- 
mandment I give unto you, that ye love one another : 
as I have loved you, that ye also love one another." 
"' By this shall all men know that ye are my -disciples, 
if ye have love one for another." John 13: 34, 
35. The kiss being a love token, we would not 
do any violence to Ihe Scriptures if we suppose 
the phrase 1" by this " to refer to the holy kiss 
as that token. There is no better test of true fel- 
lowship and loyalty to each other and In Christ than 
this. Polycarp and many other early church fathers 
refer to its observance in connection with their love 
feasts, and we are made to believe from their combined 
testimony that they thus bound themselves solemnly 
together to be true to their profession, to their God 
and to each other during their dark days of persecu- 
tion. What more are we, his humble followers, than 
poor, persecuted pilgrims, seeking a city whosc-makcr 
and builder is God? 

But the inquiry may arise in the minds of some, Can 
a poor, sinful worm of the dust greet one with a holy 
kiss? You can give a friend the Holy Bible, can't 
you ? Do you hesitate to enter into the bond of mat- 
rimony because it is a holy rite ? We are commanded 
to be holy " as he is holy." It is our privilege, and 
God expects a pure, holy life. Jesus says that if we 
are ashamed of him and of his word he will be 
ashamed of us before his Father and the holy angels. 
Flora, hid. 


Elijah relied upon God for sustenance and God 
used an obscure agent, the raven, to supply the proph- 
et's need. A church in La Crosse County, Wis., has 
been helped almost as miraculously, perhaps, in re- 
sponse to the cry of faith. A swarm of bees, by strict 
attention to business during the summer months, 
helped out the congregation of a little country church 
from an unpleasant burden of debt. The means to lift 
the debt could not be seen, and it was feared the 
church would have to go to its creditors, when mem- 
bers of the congregation discovered that bees bail made 
their home in the church walls. As they were not es- 
teemed good neighbors for church meetings, the clap- 
boards were torn off to dislodge the visitors. Then 
it was found that the space was filled with fine honey. 
It was sold, and enough money was realized to meet 
the church debt, 




THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 4, 1905. 



Text: Don't Say It. 
A very large part of the trouble in this world conies 
from talking too much. It is a habit with some people, 
and all they say ought to be discounted. Most of 
our trouble we make ourselves, and we make the most 
of it with our mouths. There are people who pride 
themselves on " saying what they think," and in- 
variably such people say too much. It is easy to re- 
press an utterance, impossible to recall it, once let 
loose, and what's worse, none can tell the outcome of 
an unkind word. Nothing travels like talk. Your 
evil phrase will go into a hundred homes, pollute five 
hundred minds, and set a bad thing in motion far and 
away beyond your knowledge. 

Here's the rule: Keep your mouth off people unless 
you can say something good about them. Nobody 
can be a Christian and be continually judging the 
absent. The minds of some people seem like moral 
slop buckets. They hold nothing but slops, and they 
think and talk the same. It is the natural outcome of 
the habit they have contracted. 

Then there are others. Their words are of gold. 
They think right, and as they think they talk. There 
is something in the Bible about speaking out of the 
abundance of the heart. How could it be otherwise? 
Can one pour milk from a pitcher full of vinegar? 
The thing to do is to get the heart full of good. Fi- 
nally, if it is likely to make trouble, don't say it. 
Elgin, III. 



I am glad that I have been permitted to live to see 
the approaching transition of the Brethren from a 
free to an assisted ministry ; not so much on account 
of the advantage to the ministry as to the laity. By 
sharing the burden they also share the blessing, even 
to a hundredfold. 

The coming transition from a free to a supported 
ministry alluded to in a late Gospel Messenger needs 
judicious guarding or the transition will go on and 
on till we will have a salaried ministry and the salary 
large in proportion to the popularity of the preacher, 
rather than his piety, loyalty and ability to defend 
" the faith which was once delivered unto the saints." 

A supported ministry implies a full support and 
support only, with full time to be given to the work. 
When our ministers preach a free Gospel they are 
the most independent and fearless preachers in the 
land both spiritually and financially. The environ- 
ments are now changing so that many of our ministers 
need assistance, but it is better in more ways than one 
for them to support themselves as far as they can 
and also lay up something for future need, and thus 
maintain their independence and a humble boldness 
becoming embassadors of Christ. Missionaries to 
foreign lands are a special class that need special pro- 
visions, which we will not now discuss. 
Panora, Iowa. 



But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, 
and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father 
which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret 
shall reward thee openly. — Matt. 6:6. 

I have been much impressed of late with the neces- 
sity of keeping the door shut. When I want to have 
a confidential, heart-to-heart talk with some friend, 
or dear one, I feel the need of being alone with him. 
The conversation cannot be very satisfactory if others 
are allowed to intrude. 

There are many things that we need to talk over 
with our dear Father and Jesus our Redeemer. First, 
when we enter into his sacred presence, in prayer, we 
should see that all intruders are " shut out." I find 

many times in my own experience that whole troops 
are right on hand to enter in with me, and it takes a 
real determination, on my part, to put them all out 
and " shut the door." A thousand petty cares and 
perplexities will try to force their company upon me 
when I approach my Father, and if they are not dis- 
missed and the door shut after them, they greatly mar 
the sweetness of my communion with him. 

Dear reader, there is a way to " shut the door," and 
to realize that, no matter what our work, cares or per- 
plexities may be, or how many afflictions are heaped 
upon us for a season, we can turn aside from them all 
and be hid with Christ in sweet and blessed commun- 
ion. What a sweetness to be in his hallowed presence, 
in the presence of the King of kings, feeling as Mary 
of old, to wash his feet with our tears and to wipe 
ihern with the hairs of our head. 

" How can it be, thou heavenly King, 
That thou shouldst us to glory bring; 
Make slaves the partners of thy throne. 
Deck'd with a never-fading' crown? 

" How our hearts melt, our eyes o'erflow; 
Our words arc lost, nor will we know. 
Nor will we think- of ought beside 
My Lord, my love is crucified." 

Rummel, Pa. 

God accepts our homeliest, poorest gifts or services 
if they are indeed our. best, and if true love to him 
consecrates and sanctifies them. We need to care 
but for two things — that we do always our best, and 
that we do what we do through love for Christ. — 
/. R. Miller. 


For the Week Beginning February 12. 19i 


1. Be Alone with God.— Matt. 6: 6, "Pray to thy Fa- 

ther which is in secret." The Old Testament does 
not give instruction in prayer as the Master does, and 
the first lesson he inculcates is that we shall be alone 
with God. Rome tells the penitent one, " Confess to 
the priest," but Jesus says, " Confess to God." The 
closet is a blessed, precious refuge for there we can 
tell our inmost thoughts and express our heartfelt de- 
sires. "While they are yet speaking I will hear." 

2. Be Definite. — Luke 18: 41. Jesus, when approached by 
this needy petition, knew what he wanted, yet he says 
to him: "What wilt thou that I should do unto thee?" 
Much prayer is vague and general, when it should be 
definite. The disciples, when on the raging sea of 
Galilee, said but a few words, " Lord, save us; we 
perish," Matt. 8: 25, and the angry waves were stilled. 
So in the tempestuous sea of life, it needs but a few 
pleading words from the child of God to bring the 
Master to our side, to help us to stem the tide and 
bring us to the haven of rest.. 

3. Be Persistent. — The parable of the man who comes to 
his friend at midnight, Luke 11: 5-8, teaches the ne- 
cessity of "importunity" in prayer. We are told that 
in the original this word means " disregard of man- 
ners." This man is not standing on ceremony; he 
waives all proprieties and courtesies, for at midnight 
he goes to the house of his friend and knocks until 
he has gained attention. He says: "Lend me three 
loaves." A refusal has no effect whatever; he keeps on 
hammering till he gets what he wants. This is im- 
portunity. Then follow the words, "Ask, seek, knock," 
If you do not at first receive, ask again. If you do not 
find, seek again. If the door be not opened, knock 
again, and keep on knocking. Persistence in prayer 
shows the intensity of our feeling and desire. 

4. Continue in Prayer. — " Men ought always to pray," 

Luke 18: 1-8. The woman described in the parable 
was incessant and persevering. The Lord led a life 
of continued prayer and so should we. Paul says, 
" Pray without ceasing." It was said of Martin Luther, 
" There goes a man who can have anything he wants 
of God." Why? Because lie led a life of prayer. 

5. Be Sure of the Answer.— Heb. 11: 6; Luke 11: 9, 10. 

In this emphatic language we are assured that the 
Lord is the hearer and answerer of prayer. Matt. 22: 
22. If we do not receive " it is because we ask amiss." 
There are two ways of answeripg prayer, — by com- 
plying and refusing. God's "No" is as much an 
answer as his " Yes." Whatever he does is for our 
good. God is always a rewarder of those who dil- 
igently seek him, and whatever he does is well done. 


For Sunday Evening. February 12, 190B. 

THE NEED OF CONFESSION.— Rom. 10:9, 10. 

I. The Hardened Sinner. Pharaoh — I Have Sinned. Ex. 
II. The Insincere Man. Saul— I Have Sinned. 1 Sam 

III. The Doubtful Penitent Achan— I Have Sinnd 
Josh. 7:20,25. 

IV. The Repentance of Despair. Judas — I Have Sinned 
Matt. 27 : 4. 

V. The Blessed Confession. The Prodigal. Luke 15:18. 

I. The Hardened Sinner. 

Pharaoh did not make this confession until seven plagues 
were sent upon him and his p -ople. They were(l) river 
turned into blood; (2)plague of frogs; (3) plague of lice; 
(4) plague of Hies; (5) plague of murrain; (6) plague of 
boils; (7) plague of hail. 

Two very remarkable things had taken place to cause 
him to recognize the finger of God. First, the magician^ 
had failed in their enchantments. Second, the Lord h*ad 
severed the land of Goshen from the land of Egypt. It is 
interesting to study the concessions Pharaoh makes to 
Moses in regular order. Ex. 8:8; 8:25; 8:28; 10:11; 
10:24; 12:31, 32. 

II. The Insincere Man. 

Under the old law it was "an eye for an eye, a tooth 
for a tooth," etc. This law was in force in the days of 
king Saul, and Samuel the prophet working on this prin- 
ciple commanded him to destroy the Amalekites for their 
cruel treatment of the Israelites when they came up out of 
Egypt. There was nothing to be exempt, but Saul for 
some reason spared Agag their king and the best of the 
flocks, etc. He added to this breach of trust the sin of 
lying. His deceit was manifest by the bleating of the 
sheep and the lowing of the cattle. His confession came 
too late. 

III. The Doubtful Penitent. 

The conquest of Jericho was an easy thing because the 
command of the Lord was fully obeyed, but when Joshua 
marched upon the little city of Ai there was a signal de- 
feat. For awhile it could not be determined why God had 
forsaken them. The Lord at last showed them that cov- 
etousness was at the bottom of all of it. Instead of put- 
ting the spoils of the city into the Lord's treasury, Achan 
had appropriated some costly goods to his -own use. The 
" accursed stuff " was hidden in his tent. Achan doubted 
the sincerity of God, when he denounced this awful sin, 
and paid the death penalty for his unbelief. His confes- 
sion was unavailing. 

IV. The Repentance of Despair. 
Judas loved thirty pieces of silver better than he did 
his Master, and so the exchange was made, but the money 
never did him any good. What is the price of your soul? 
He repented, but not to God. The chief priests and elders 
would not accept of blood money, only to purchase a " pot- 
ter's field " with. 

V. The Blessed Confession. 
The admirable points in the prodigal's confession may be 
briefly stated thus: 

1. He made a sensible resolution and carried it out. 

2. He realized his humbled condition and confessed all. 

3. He found fault only with himself. 

4. He brought back nothing from the "far country" 
but his poverty and rags. 

5. He sought only an humble position in his father's 

Like David he was forgiven, but sin always leaves a 
stain and many losses are irretrievable. 


A man's conscience is his own, and no other can modify 
its command or share its responsibility. If a man will not 
go to the theatre because his church disapproves of it, he 
stays away on slight ground, and will be apt to yield to 
the attraction of some famous actor. If he keeps the 
Sabbath because that is the way of his people, he has 
hardly got his feet on the solid rock of Sabbath observ- 
ance. If one has a conscience which merely echoes the 
voices that sound in his ears, he lacks the first element of 
moral vitality. Accordingly, the Ten Commandments, 
though given to all the tribes of Israel, address them- 
selves to individuals: "Thou shalt," and "thou shalt 
not"; and each man hears it ring in the chambers of his 
own secret heart, and answers with the Amen of his own 
personal sense of right. We have not enough of this 
robust, independent morality, but are too ready to ease 
off with the more lax requirement of common opinions, 
while every heart has the deep conviction that right and 
wrong are from a divine mould, unworn by the attrition 
of common opinion, sharp-cut, and clear, unmistakable tn 
its essential lineaments, and unanswerable in its severe 
exactness.— The Treasury. ... :- . " . .'.V>- '-.. "■" "."' 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 4, 1905. 

-.»• HOME AND FAMILY •••• 



" Nobody knows but Jesus! " 

Is it not better so, 
That no one else but Jesus, 

My own dear Lord, should know? 

When the sorrow is a secret 
Between my Lord and me, 
I learn the fuller measure 

Of his quick sympathy. 

Whether it be so heavy 

That dear ones could not bear 

To know the bitter burden 

They could not come and share; 

Whether it be so tiny 

That others could not see 
Why it should be a trouble 

And seem so real to me. 
Either, and both I lay them 

Down at my Master's feet, 
And find them, alone with Jesus, 

Mysteriously sweet. 

Sweet, for they are the channels 
Through which his teachings flow; 

Sweet, for by these dark secrets 
His heart of love I know. 

"Nobody knows but Jesus!" 

It is music for to-day. 
And through the darkest hours 

It will shine along -the way. 

"Nobody knows but Jesus!" 
My Lord, I bless thee now 
For the sacred gifts of sorrow 
That no one knows but thou. 
Sabetha, Kans. 

does not mean starvation, as some would have it; by 
no means, but simple, healthful food, simply cooked- 
Do not have fat, greasy, fried foods, but simply 
cooked, or baked. Have, as far as practicable, home 
everyday meals. What is better than a good, plain, 
farm dinner with home-grown edibles, good, well- 
baked bread (whole wheat and rye the best), golden 
sweet butter and rich milk, the many cereals and vege- 
tables simply prepared, fruits of various kinds, meats 
occasionally, without the rich pie, cake and pastry. 
Do not hesitate to ask your minister if he would pre- 
fer a bowl of milk and bread for supper, which many 
will enjoy, and then you will not be cumbered about 
so much serving and you will be the better prepared 
to help with the spiritual good things. 
Lordsburg, Cal. 

our help. We also made several comforters and some 
clothing which we gave to those whom we knew were 
in need. Our society feels that we were engaged in a 
noble work, and pray that God may bless all our ef- 
forts and motives. Daisy Jones, Sec. 
Lougmont, Colo., Jan, 17. 






In Gospel Messenger for Jan. 7 there appears an 
article headed like the above, in which our sisters are 
appealed to, to take a little fatherly advice, to which 
I give a hearty amen. But did you ever take thought 
that the good sisters are not wholly to blame? They 
must show their good will and appreciation in some 
way to the minister who so kindly came to give unto 
them spiritual food. 

Many of our whole-souled sisters who have been 
brought up in plenty and luxury have never been 
taught the hygienic way of living, or that it would be 
courteous to spread before the minister a plain, simple, 
everyday meal, and as long as the minister will par- 
take of it she will think it all right. 

Why not let the minister make that a part of his 
duty, to preach self-denial in loading the tables and 
overloading the stomach, as well as self-denial of the 
clothing of the body, and then practice when he is at 
the table? I believe it would cause nine out of ten 
of the sisters to think as they never thought before. 
I know of one minister who will appeal to the sisters 
not to cumber themselves with their cooking for the 
preacher while he is with them, then he will practice 
the same by passing by the pie and cake and rich 
pastries and will choose such things as he knows is 
best for him to minister unto them spiritual things. 

I heard a hygienic doctor, a health lecturer, say if 
he would eat of all that the good women spread before 
him, they would love him more than their own fami- 
lies, but he does not do it regardless of consequences ; 
but when seated at the table with more of a variety than 
he knows is best for him, he chooses a few substantial 
articles and takes those, and refuses all else that is 
passed. He practices by example what he preaches. 
He dare not indulge to unfit him for his duty. Why 
not the minister as well ? 

When the good housewife understands, she is too 
discreet to continue to prepare such meals that would 
be a detriment to the minister. 

Let our good sisters study hygienic rules, " The 
Laws of Life and Health," and learn to treat the min- 
ister as a worker for our spiritual needs. Hygiene 

recent issue of the Messenger there appeared 
an article about the sisters' bonnets. I want to relate 
an experience of my own, not altogether for the sake 
of the bonnet, but with the hope that some good 
may come out of what I say. 

During the month of October, last, I had occasion f $ u .6 2 
to go to the depot to see some of our children off; 
soon after arriving there a strange and very fashionable 
lady came to me and, with an outstretched hand, said, 
" I want to shake hands with you. The moment I saw 
your bonnet my heart warmed within me towards the 
church." Amid sobs and tears she told me that years 
ago she united with the Brethren church, while in 
Maryland. At the time I met her she was traveling 
and working for the W. C. T. U. and was president 
of a local organization. I told her when our meeting 
would be and she said she had already heard of it, 
and desired so much to attend, but her son (for she is 
a widow) had sent her a ticket, and in a few days she 
would have to leave for Texas. 

While I am a strong advocate of the bonnet, and 
a plain one too, yet this is given with the hope that 
if there are any Brethren in, or near, Palestine, 
Texas, they will look up this lady. Her name is Mrs. 
Sarah- Reed, and she said there were four churches 
in Palestine, but did not know whether there were any 
Brethren there. Emma Sutphin. 

Sutphin, W. Va- 

in our Aid Society we had $16.17 with which to 
begin our work at the beginning of the year 1904. 
In the thirty-two meetings held the average attendance 
was four. Our work consisted of making quilts, com- 
forters, prayer coverings, sewing carpet rags, etc. We 
visited at the homes of our friends and neighbors, had 
scripture reading and prayer, and it was found that 
much good could be done in this way ; we made twenty- 
three visits in all, caring for the sick and looking after 
the needs of the poor and careless. We paid out for 
tracts $1.80, gave $5 towards the expense of enlarging 
our churchhouse; for Testaments for poor children, 
$1 ; gave $10 to the district mission board ; sent $5 to 
to St. Joseph mission; donated Messengers to two 
persons, $2, and still have a balance in the treasury 

Only a few of our members here take an interest 
in this work, but we ask an interest in the prayers of 
all of God's children that our work may prosper, and 
that others may become interested in a similar work. 

Jan, 10. Mary M. Michael, Sec. 



The Sisters' Sewing Society of the Ridgely con- 
gregation, Md., organized July 7 with seven members 
present. Sister Edna Pentz was elected president. 
Sister Dora Replogle secretary, and Sister Katie 
Brumbaugh as treasurer. We have made twelve caps, 
one quilt and one comforter, which were donated to 
a colored brother preacher. We also donated some 
calico to a poor colored family, and sent one box of 
clothing to the Brooklyn mission. At the present time 
we have four quilts which we have not yet disposed of. 
and four dollars and four cents in the treasury. Our 
roll of members is fifteen. 

Our treasurer, Sister Katie Brumbaugh, has not 
been present with us for a number of meetings on ac- 
count of affliction, by that dread disease, cancer. May 
the good Lord comfort her, and there may she lie, pil- 
lowed on the Father's breast, is the prayer of the 
society. Edna P. Pentz. 

Tuckahoe, Md. 

We organized in July, i8y8, since which time we 
have met once each month. We make comforts, 
quilts, bonnets, prayer veils and other necessary ar- 
ticles. We also receive donations. We have sent 
money to the India famine fund, the world-wide fund, 
and to some mission points, and have done charitable 
work to the amount of $109.97. Besides, we are sup- 
porting an orphan in India at sixteen dollars per year 
since May, 1903, on which we have paid forty dollars. 
We also helped some for the Old Folks' Home at 
Fostoria, and some at other places. 

Of course this is not much, but we want to tell it to 
encourage others, and to show what can be done with 
a little effort. We could do more but some of us live 
so far apart. We hope to do better this year. We 
have twelve dollars in the treasury now. 

Mauy E. Miller, Sec. 



The Sewing Circle of the St. Vrain church closed 
its year's work Jan. 17, 1905. We had $5.51 with 
which to begin our work ; held twenty-two meetings, 
with an average attendance of five. Our collections 
amounted to $6.09, with an average of twenty-six and 
one-half cents. The money received from donations, 
articles sold, etc., amounted to $5.24 ; amount expend- 
ed, $9.86; balance on hand, $6.88. The principal line 
of work at the different meetings was cutting and sew- 
ing carpet rags. We pieced and quilted several quilts ; 
sent a box to the St. Joseph mission, besides work- 
ing for some of our neighbors and friends who needed 

The Sisters' Aid Society of the Bremen Brethren 
church was reorganized the tenth of last March, with 
Sister Elzina Landeman president. Up until Dec. 7 
we held sixteen meetings, with an average attendance 
of eight. Amount of money paid out for material, 
$5.46. Amount left in the treasury, $13.91. For the 
year 1904 our work consisted mainly of making com- 
forters and quilts, besides sewing all day at one place. 
We donated a box of bedding to the Old Folks' and 
Orphans' Home at Mexico. As we start in on a new 
year we hope and pray that the interest in this good 
work may increase and that our laboring together may 
be of much good for ourselves and others, and for the 
church. Eva Eversole, Sec. 

Bremen, Ind., Jan. 9. 


During the year 1904 our circle held twelve meet- 
ings. Number of members enrolled, twenty-seven. 
We had an average attendance of twelve. Donations 
received by the circle were forty-six yards of goods 
and a nice lot of secondhand clothing. Donations 
sent to Baltimore, Md„ Washington, D. C, and Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. ; seventy-one new garments and some sec- 
ondhand clothing. Cash on hand Jan. I, 1904, $10.85 ; 
collection for the year, $12.82; expenses, $13.18; cash 
on hand Jan. 1, 1905, $10.49- R - A - ^°^ z - 

Linwood, Md. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 4, 1908. 




Brethren Publishing House, 

publishing agent 

The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 

22 and 24 South State Street, Elgin, ill. 

Bro, W. H. Leaman, of Madison, ICans., was with 
us over last Sunday, and conducted the evening serv- 
ice. He has been spending- some weeks in Ohio and 
was on his way home. 



Bro. W. M. Howe writes from the Bible term at 
Huntingdon, Pa., saying that the saints are having 
some most delightful seasons together, studying the 
Scriptures and listening to instructive and inspiring 

The late revival services in the Ashland church, 
Ohio, resulted in twenty-six applying for membership. 
One was reclaimed and three await baptism. The 
others made the good confession -and were buried with 
Christ in the holy rite. The Brethren at Ashland feel 
that they have occasion to rejoice. 

D. L Milleb, Hiiro 
H. B. Brumbaugh, F 
H. C. Early, Virgini 


J ;. H. Moobe, - - Office Editor. 
Ghant Mahan, Associate Editor. 
| R. E. Arnold, Business Manager. 
Aosi.orj committee: 
W. R. Deeter, Edward Frantz, Geo. 8. Arnold. 

tyAll business and communications intended lor t 
addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, I 

; paper should be 
, and not to any 

Next week we shall publish the report of the money 
received by the General Mission Board in the month 
of December. The report is a long one and in fine 
type will fill over four columns in the Messenger, the 
amount received footing up to more than $3,000. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 

The new church at Indianapolis, Ind., is to be dedi- 
cated Feb. 19. 

Bro. L. T. Holsinger is engaged in a revival meet- 
ing at New Enterprise, Pa. 

Next Sunday evening Bro. J. W. Lear is to com- 
mence a series of meetings in the church at Lanark. 

Bro. Dorsev Hodgden still continues his meetings 
at Greenville, Ohio. So far twenty-five accessions are 

Bro. C. A. Miller is engaged in a series of meet- 
ings in Parsons, Kans., having commenced last Sat- 
urday evening. 

Six accessions are reported in the Clover Creek 
church, Pa., where Bro. J. J. Schaffer recently held a 
series of meetings. 

Hundreds of our patrons are having the Messen- 
ger sent to their friends with a view of having them 
to accept the whole Gospel. 

During the interesting and well-attended Bible term 
at the Elizabethtown College, Pa., six persons accepted 
the faith and united with the church. 

Bro. H. C. Early is conducting a series of meetings 
at Union Bridge, Md„ and is also doing some work in 
the special Bible Institute at that place. 

Six more have been added to the church at Pleasant 
Valley, Va., making ten as the result of meetings 
recently held by Bro. Wm. A. Reed, of North Carolina. 

Bro. W. Q. Calvert, of Lawrence, III., is to locate 
near Roanoke, in the Panther Creek church, 111. Aft- 
er the middle of February he can be addressed at Roan- 

Last Tuesday Bro. I. B. Trout started to Hunting- 
don, Pa., where he is to remain two weeks, preach- 
ing of evenings and helping in the work of the Special 
Bible term. 

The Brethren at Fruitdale, Ala., are now in their 
new house of worship and greatly appreciate it. Bro. 
Hutchison will soon be with them, and together they 
are certain to have some very enjoyable seasons of 

The Brethren are holding a series of meetings in 
the Clearwater church, Idaho. Nine have put on 
Christ in baptism and two others are vet to be bap- 
tized. The spirit of the meeting is good and the fur- 
ther outlook encouraging. 

A few of the Messencer subscribers have not yet 
renewed their subscription. It would be quite a favor 
to us should they let us hear from them at an early 
date. A glance at the yellow label on the papers will 
enable each subscriber to see just when his subscrip- 
tion expires, 

On account of his wife's health Bro. L. E. Keltner 
is spending the winter at Hygiene, Colo. At present 
he is preaching in the Payette church, Idaho. He has 
disposed of his business and is preparing to give spe- 
cial attention to the work of the ministry in the fu- 

Now and then a correspondent wants to say some- 
thing in the Messenger favorable to the family 
Christmas tree. It occurs to us that the Christmas 
tree sentiment is growing fast enough without writing 
in favor of it. Furthermore, it is only a step from the 
little Christmas tree in the family to the big tree in 
the church. Customs of this sort grow and some- 
times they grow the wrong way. Our people need to 
be a little careful that we do not become so near like 
the very liberal churches that the angel Gabriel him- 
self cannot tell the one from the other. To keep our- 
selves unspotted from the world means a great deal 
more than the clothes we wear. 

To special correspondents, whose business it is to 
report church news, we are sending manuscript tab- 
lets for the asking. These tablets are not for gen- 
eral use, nor are they for sale. We mean for them to 
be used only when reporting matter to the House for 
publication. Those who ask for tablets should in- 
variably state for what church they are the special cor- 
respondent. This is important, for we keep a record 
of every tablet sent out. As far as possible we like 
to know who our regular Messenger correspondents 
are. When a church changes correspondents, let the 
old correspondent transfer his outfit to the new cor- 

In the training of children we should not be -too 
hasty about doing away with the " don't " and 
" sha'n't." It is, of course, better to open up the way 
of right for the child and always keep it open for him. 
But there are children who will turn their backs on 
the way that is right in spite of all the mild persua- 
sions and good examples to the contrary. They per- 
sist in doing the wrong thing. Then it is that the 
" don'ts " and " sha'n'ts " are of special value. There 
are plenty of " Thou shalt nots " in the Ten Com- 
mandments to justify a more frequent use of the 
" don'ts " and " sha'n'ts." Lead the child with the 
milder methods if you can, but if he will not yield to 
these methods, then resort to the " don'ts " and 
" sha'n'ts " rather than have him led in the wrong di- 
rection. Many a child has been saved from ruin by a 
forcible " don't " or " sha'n't " from the stern father 
or earnest mother, 

A sister, who is looking for a location recently 
said that she did not care to live where she could not 
attend the church services regularly, for the church 
is her mother, her sister, as well as her spiritual home. 
" No," she said, " I cannot live without the church." 
This is the way we like to hear people talk about the 
church, the body of Christ on earth. Members who 
think and talk this way love the Brotherhood and are 
certain to prove a help as well as an honor to the 
cause they represent. We all should feel that -we can- 
not live without the church, and having this convic- 
tion we will most cheerfully make all needed sacrifice 
for the church and her interest. 

We have before us a good report of the mission 
work at St. Joseph, Mo. During the year ending 
.Jan. 15, 132 persons united with the church, forty-two 
of these being the fruits of the revival that com- 
menced on Thanksgiving and closed a few days ago. 
Bro. Garber is to remain with the mission another year. 

Bro. M. Roy Murray, who accompanied Brethren 
Miller, Trout and others to Palestine, is still in Jeru- 
salem, where he is to remain until after Easter. It 
is his purpose to study the Bible in the land where most 
of the events referred to in the sacred volume oc- 
curred. Considering the time he is spending in the 
Holy Land he ought to get a great deal of good out 
of his trip. 

On reaching India Bro. D. L. Miller and wife placed 
their letters with the church at Bulsar, and are now 
members of that congregation. He writes very en- 
couragingly of the mission work done in India, and 
thinks the outlook is bright indeed. Nearly three hun- 
dred natives have been baptized at Bulsar, and others 
will accept the faith and come to the church. The in- 
dustrial part of the work comes in for a good share of 
his praise, only he thinks that the outfit, in the way 
of tools and machinery, is quite insufficient. In due 
time money will be supplied for this purpose. Bv this 
means scores of the native boys and young men can be 
trained and fitted for some of the ditties of life. The 
industrial idea for the India field is worthy of special 

Those who feel especially interested might turn to 
page 78, this issue, and read what a careful thinker has 
to say about the publications of the House. Bro. Fig- 
ley has not been a member of the Brethren church manv 
years. He is a widely read man and capable of form- 
ing an opinion regarding the merits of papers. It 
will be observed that he places the Messenger high 
up in the scale, as compared with other religious pub- 
lications. Others, and some of them not members of 
the church, have expressed themselves in a similar 
manner. While we would never think of placing such 
a high estimate on our work, still we are grateful for 
words of appreciation from men and women whose 
reading has not been limited to a few publications. 
We do not publish all that is received along this line. 
It would seem too much like self-praise. But another 
writer. Sister Lina N. Stoner, of Ladoga, Ind., has 
asked to be heard on the same subject. She, too, 
knows how to think as well as how to write, and we ■ 
shall let our patrons have her well-prepared communi- 
cation next week. It will be observed that both 
of these writers, in their voluntary articles, speak very 
highly of several of the publications of the House. 


A glance at the Annual Meeting queries we pub- 
lish this week will give our people to understand that 
the approaching conference is not going to be with- 
out something to do. Several very important papers 
were carried over from the Carthage meeting and 
we can look for a number of others from the spring 
district meetings. It is not proper for us to dis- 
cuss the merits of any of these papers. We publish 
them for the benefit of the thousands who are inter- 
ested in this phase of the work of the church. Bv 
recommendation of the Standing Committee the list of 
queries for discussion may he considerably curtailed. 
Then, when the Standing Committee does not suggest 
the return of certain papers that fail to commend them- 
selves to the judgment of the delegates, the open con- 
ference often takes action to that effct. 

It would be an excellent plan, however, if each 
member of the Standing Committee, coming to the 
conference with papers, could come with a well-pre- 
pared speech on the papers sent by his district. When 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 4, 1905. 



read, he should at once take the floor 

nd make the strongest speech he can in support of his 
' jper. The very best argument at his command 
-hould be given. Were this the invariable rule many 
of the queries would be better understood by the dele- 

The importance of thorough preparation for this 
first speech cannot be too strongly insisted upon. 
These first, well-delivered speeches from such members 
of the Standing Committee as bring queries from their 
districts, ought to be one of the most instructive fea- 
tures of the conference. If a paper is not of suf- 
ficient interest and importance to justify the elder, 
presenting it, in putting- forth his very best efforts in 
its behalf, it would better not be sent to the confer- 
ence at all. Every paper going to the Annual Meet- 
ing ought to be a strong one, ami then it ought to 
have a strong man behind it. 

In fixing on a name under which to incorporate, 
the growing tendency of our people should be kept 
constantly in view. When the whole thing is settled 
we can then mark ourselves down as Christian Breth- 
ren, New Testament Brethren, Baptist Brethren, Triune 
Baptist or Dunkard Brethren. Should wc agree upon 
either of the names ending with Brethren we can go 
on calling ourselves Brethren, the same as heretofore. 
Our House will continue to be known as the Brethren 
Publishing House, while our hymn books will remain 
in name as has long been the custom. The name 
Christian Brethren, Dunkard Brethren, or whatever it 
may be, will cling to us, we will incorporate under 
that name, and not have to be constantly explaining 
the long and inappropriate name we now bear. So 
let us move carefully, exercise judgment, do thorough 
and satisfactory work, and not let up until we get this 
thing settled. 



This week we are laying before our readers several 
articles on the name question. We have on hand about 
twice that number of short communications for which 
we shall not be able to spare space. Later on we may 
give brief extracts from them, then let that suffice for 
the present. What we are publishing this week, along 
with the short extracts to be given, ought to prepare 
our people for action at the coming conference. We 
have scores of writers who would like to be heard, 
but there must be a limit somewhere. 

It will be observed that the correspondents prac- 
tically ignore the name suggested by the committee, 
and it must be evident to all observing readers that 
this name will stand no show whatever in open con- 
ference. It is certainly the privilege of the Brother- 
hood to set aside the recommendation of the com- 
mittee, and take up for consideration another name. 
The committee, however, has done its part in bringing 
the matter into conference in good form. It is now 
for the Brotherhood to bring to the front the name 
that may seem the most appropriate, adopt it, and 
then everything will be in legal form. There need be 
no apprehension about the legality of the change, pro- 
vided the course marked out by the committee is fol- 
lowed. The name desired can, by motion, be substi- 
tuted for the one suggested by the committee, the 
measure then passed by the- conference and that will, 
in the eyes of the law, and general usage, make every- 
thing legal. 

The reading of what appears this week, along with 
the extracts to follow at another time, clearly indicates 
that our people want to get rid of the term " German " 
in our name and in some manner hold onto the time- 
honored term " Brethren." So in recommending a 
name to the conference " German " must be eliminated 
and " Brethren " retained. And while all of this is 
true, there is going to be a strong pull for " Triune 
Baptist." The sentiment in favor of " Dunkard 
Brethren " is stronger than we imagined it would be, 
and it is growing. 

We now suggest that our people go to the coming 
conference prepared to consider this question deliber- 
ately. We further suggest that they hang to it until 
it is thoroughly settled, if it takes five years. It must 
be settled sometime, and there is no better time than 
right now. Possibly we may be able to agree on the 
desired name this year. If so, it should be spread on 
the minutes and held over to another year for final 
adoption. Or, if we cannot come together on any- 
thing likely to render general satisfaction, let the ques- 
tion be deferred another year. Do not vote it down 
merely to get rid of it, but keep it alive until it can 
be settled for all time. 

Furthermore, we should lay all sentiment aside and 
face the real question. Wc need a short and appropri- 
ate name that will cling to us and represent what we 
are and what we claim to be. We are ceasing to be a 
local people. We are growing decidedly in the di- 
rection of religious expansion. We are reaching out 
all over the United States, and hope soon to have mis- 
sionaries in every land, where there is a chance for 
our people to get a good foothold. 

As this question is answered so pointedly by Paul 
when he says, " Preach the Word," it may seem 
strange that we should ask it, or spend time in dis- 
cussing it. But when we consider the many phases 
the Word has in its application to those who are to 
hear it there may still be plenty of room for its con- 
sideration. And this may be especially true of our 
own church when there are a number of preachers 
for the same congregation. 

It is generally said that " too many cooks spoil 
the broth." And this is evidently true unless there 
be a full understanding among the cooks, and the cook- 
ing be done on a well-systematized plan. 

And while this is true and essential on the part of 
those who prepare our physical food, it must be equal- 
ly true of our ministers who prepare our spiritual 

These thoughts have been prompted because of the 
conditions that exist in our home church in our preach- 
ing services. . 

For some years it has been our custom to make out 
a program of our preaching services, placing on it 
the number of eligible preachers that we may have at 
the time the program is made. This includes all ex- 
cept the student ministers. They are not placed on 
the regular program because of a decision made by 
the college management that they should not be thus 
burdened in connection with the scholastic studies 
which they are pursuing while here. They, however, 
are encouraged to do all the work which they may 
feel able to do, by substituting and doing outside 
work, as well as making themselves active in the 
Christian work of the college. 

At the present time we have seven for the regular 
list, and each one preaches in turn, there being two 
services each Lord's Day. But while we have them 
thus listed in rotation, we have no system in the sub- 
ject matter to be preached, each one having the privi- 
lege of choosing his own subject, and presenting it in 
his own way. And we suppose this is true of all our 
churches having a number of preachers who preach 
in turn. 

And while this seems to be the only way that the 
preaching can be done under such conditions, and may 
suit the preachers all right, yet the thought is, How is 
it for those that have to do the hearing? Can they 
live and thrive on such kind of feeding? While it is 
said that variety and change is the spice of life, we are 
not sure that it is the best kind of stuff to give growth 
and strength, even if it does give present satisfaction. 
Of course, much depends on the wisdom, judgment 
and discretion of the listed preachers and the unanimity 
of purpose that each one has in view. But, throwing 
around it the best arrangement and conditions pos- 
sible, still we don't have the ideal way of feeding the 
flock' over which the Lord has placed us as shepherds. 
It is almost impossible for half a dozen or more min- 
isters to study the best interests and real wants of one 
and the same congregation. And because of this 
there will be necessarily more or less hit and miss 
preaching. And as long as this kind of rotation 
preaching is done the question will be, "What shall 
we preach? " 

Perhaps if there was more of " the Word " preach- 
ing done the problem would not be so hard to solve. 
The tastes of the people have become abnormal, so 
that even the best of food is not relished unless it is 
so highly seasoned and spiced that its own flavor is 
destroyed, so that they want to live on the spice and 
use the real food only as " fillers." And because of 
this desire and taste our ministers are tempted to give 
more time and study to the spicing than to the prep- 
aration of the " Word," the bread of life. Perhaps 
one of our troubles is that we, as a people, are getting 
too far away from the good old " simple life " of our 

In our boyhood days we had for our neighbors and 
associates a family consisting of father, mother, three 
sons and five daughters. One of the characteristics 
of the family was their sound, white and pretty teeth, 
the father dying over eighty years of age with a full 
set of natural teeth. And their general health was 
also notably good. He frequently spoke of it, and 
attributed it to their simple manner of living. Their 
regular menu was meat and potatoes for breakfast, 
potato and bean soup for dinner and mush and milk 
for supper, minus the long list of luxuries so com- 
monly found on the well-to-do farmers' tables. It 
was sometimes hinted that the indisposition of the 
daughters to general housework had as much to do 
with their " simple life " as the hygienic theories of 
the father. But be that as it may. they lived and 
thrived on their regulated rations. And, on the whole, 
all people, in those days, lived on more simple diet 
than most people now do. And this simplicity ran 
through all their living— physical, social and religious 
—so that the preaching done gave more bread and 
less spicing; and a return In a more simple, sub- 
stantial Word preaching might help us some in an- 
swering the question, " What shall we preach?" 

Another expedient, we have been thinking, might be 
helpful in finding an answer to this question. And 
that is a regular meeting of the working ministers 
and deacons. We have had occasional meetings of 
Ibis kind which proved very satisfactory. And at our 
last meeting we voted to meet in this way on the 
third Wednesday evening of each month. While, at 
such meetings, varied subjects may be discussed, one 
prominent feature should be, What should be the sub- 
ject matter of our preaching, and how direct it to 
make it most edifying and effective to our bearers? 

While the scope of general preaching may be very 
wide, the gist of it may be narrowed down to atom 
two things: (I) Preach to get the unsaved within the 
fold. (2) Preach to feed them after they are in. ■• 
Having these two purposes clearly in view, it would 
seem that a subject program could be arranged that 
would be both helpful and edifying. In our confer- 
ence together the needs of our congregation could he 
carefully considered. And knowing the needs we are 
the better prepared to supply them. 

To be effective and successful preachers we should 
study the tastes, wants and needs of our hearers as 
carefully and as considerately as a good and suc- 
cessful cook studies the tastes, wants and needs of 
those whom she is employed to feed. As a rule, this 
is not done. We select our texts to suit our own 

fancies and meet our own 

tastes rather than to meet 

the wants of our hearers. We pray the Lord more 
to preach ourselves than to be able to feed our flocks. 
What we need more is to be burdened with a desire 

, II. B. B. 

to save souls. • 


The following papers are intended for the Annual 
Meeting of 1905. They are published under the 
names of the districts sending them. If there should 
be other queries intended for the Conference they have 
not yet reached this office: 

Northern Missouri. 

Inasmuch as most of our Brethren 
riculture and stockraising, and many 
educated to that end, and, 

Inasmuch as our brethren are compelled to send then 
ch Idren .0 our state institutions to obtain such an educa- 
tion Rockingham church asks Annual Meeting of 1905, 
through district meeting of Northern Missoim, to pass on 

ire engaged in ay- 
wish their children 





:: 1 \ 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 4, 1905. 

the advisability of our schools (at least two or more) 
adopting a course in agriculture, animal husbandry, etc., 
to fill this very urgent need. 
District meeting answers. Yes. 

North Dakota and Northern Minnesota. 

We petition Annual Meeting, through district meeting, 
to decide that no brother or sister, giving testimony in 
any case before the church, shall have the right to vote 
in the 'decision of such case. 

Oregon, Washington and Idaho. 

We, the members of the Ncwberg church, Oregon, pe- 
tition Annual Meeting through district meeting for a Sun- 
day-school paper for advanced scholars. 

Passed to Annual Meeting. 
Southern Iowa. 

English River church petitions Annual Meeting through 
district meeting to strongly urge the elders of our be- 
loved Brotherhood to instruct their members not to at- 
tend world's fairs, as, in laying the order of the church 
before applicants for baptism, they are generally instructed 
not to attend worldly gatherings, such as shows, celebra- 
tions, state and county fairs, etc. 
Passed to Annual Meeting. 

Northwestern Kansas and Northern Colorado, 

I. Good Hope church, Sterling, Colo., in regular quar- 
terly council, asks Annual Meeting through district meet- 
ing to prohibit members who are engaged in mercantile 
business from selling such articles as playing cards, dice, 
dominoes, and such articles of display as diamonds, rings 
and gold chains. 

Request granted. Passed to Annual Meeting. 
2. Good Hope church, Sterling, Colo., in regular quar- 
terly council, asks Annual Meeting through district meet- 
ing to have General Missionary and Tract Committee 
to examine all text-books used by the Brethren schools 
and prohibit their use if not in accordance with the doc- 
trine of the Bible and German Baptist Brethren church. 
Passed to Annual Meeting. 

Northeastern Kansas. 

1. We, the Washington Creek congregation, request dis- 
trict meeting to call for Annual Meeting of 1907. 

Sent to Annual Meeting. 

2. (a) We, the East Maple Grove church, petition An- 
nual Meeting through district meeting of Northeastern 
Kansas to place the scripture, usually read, treating on 
the suffering and death of Christ, at the close of the ex- 
amination service, just before prayer, and the salutation 
to be placed at the close of the communion services, while 
singing the closing hymn, thus harmonizing our practice 
with Matt. 26:26 and Mark 14:22. 

Motion to amend so as to read. 

(b) We, the East Maple Grove church, petition Annual 
Meeting through district meeting of Northeastern Kansas 
to place the salutation at the close of the communion 
services, before the closing prayer, thus harmonizing our 
practice with Matt. 26:26 and Mark 14:22. 
Sent to Annual Meeting. 

3. Inasmuch as the changing of our church name is 
under consideration, we, the East Maple Grove church, pe- 
tition Annual Meeting through district meeting of North- 
eastern Kansas to adopt the name " Dunker Brethren." 

4. Inasmuch as the good Lord has ever prospered the 
Brethren church under the name of the German Baptist 
Brethren, we, the Wade Branch church, Miami Co., Kans.. 
respectfully petition district meeting of Northeastern Kan- 
sas to petition Annual Meeting of 1905 not to change our 
present name. 

These two papers were referred to the following com- 
mittee to formulate an answer and report to this meet- 
ing. Committee, R. F. McCune, R. A. Yoder A P 

Report made: Inasmuch as there have come to the 
district meeting of Northeastern Kansas two papers rela- 
tive to the church name, and inasmuch as the district 
meeting placed these queries into the hands of a com- 
mittee for consideration, therefore we, your committee 
beg leave to report the following: In consideration of the 
queries placed in our hands we petition district meeting 
of Northeastern Kansas to petition Annual Conference of 
1905 to adopt the name " Baptist Brethren church." 

Sent to Annual Meeting. 
Middle Iowa. 

1. Indian Creek church requests Annual Meeting 
hrough district meeting, that* inasmuch as there are 

features about county and state fairs that are not ob- 
ject.onable, and many members wish to avail themselves 
of their benefits, can they be allowed to do so, if thev 
avoid the foolish and unbecoming? 
Passed to Annual Meeting. 

2. Middle District of Iowa continues its request for 
Annual Meeting of 1907. 

3 Cedar church petitions Annual Meeting through the 
distnet meeting; that the present system of visiting com- 
mittees to our schools be discontinued, and that a board 
of five capab e and well-established elders be chosen to 
pass upon all questions of a moral and religious &,* 

acter growing out of the management of such schools. 
Said board to report annually to the Annual Meeting 
through the Standing Committee their findings, and that 
all schools authorized by Annual Meeting shall make 
through their president annua! reports to said board of the 
moral and spiritual progress, and, when deemed necessary 
by this board, it shall make personal visits to any or all 
of said schools, and the expenses thereof be provided for 
by the Annual Meeting. 

Passed to Annual Meeting. 

Inasmuch as a difference of sentiment prevails in our 
Brotherhood in regard to union Sunday-school conven- 
tions, we ask Annual Meeting through district meeting 
the following questions: Is it advisable: First, For mem- 
bers to take part in such meetings? Second, To open our 
churchhouses for the same? Third, To support the same 
by financial aid? 

Passed to Annua! Meeting. 
Middle Missouri. 

Mineral Creek church petitions Annual Meeting through 
the district meeting of Middle Missouri to arrange for the 
ownership and control of the Brethren's schools by the 
church; and for this purpose appoint a committee of seven 
brethren to arrange a plan to embrace: First. Establish- 
ment; Second, Endowment; Tbird, Government according 
to the principles of the Brethren church; Fourth, Ap- 
pointment of trustees, faculties, etc., in such a manner 
that the true sentiment of the Brotherhood may be taught 
and practiced in the schools; Fifth, Curriculum; Sixth, such 
other matters as may be essential to the successful opera- 
tion of the school. Furthermore requested that at least 
four of the committee be brethren who have never been 
officially connected with the schools. 

Answer— We refer this paper to Standing Committee 
of 1905 for consideration, and, if in their judgment it is 
best to do so, to bring it before open conference as it is, 
or with such alternations as the wisdom of Standing Com- 
mittee may suggest, or to withhold it from the conference 
at their discretion. 

First District of Arkansas. 

Carlisle church petitions district meeting to petition 
Annual Meeting to change day of opening Annual Meet- 
ing from Tuesday to Wednesday so as to give one day 
er with such alternations as the wisdom of Standing Corn- 
work, and such other work as may be of interest to the 

Answer.— Petition granted and Annual Meeting so pe- 

Southern Illinois. 

Query for district meeting: Will the district meeting 
of Southern Illinois call for Annual Meeting to be held 
in said District in 1906? Answer.— Yes. Passed by Pleas- 
ant Hill church. 

Passed by district meeting. 
Oklahoma and Indian Territory. 

1. We, the Monitor church, of Oklahoma, in regular 
council petition Annual Meeting through district meeting 
to prohibit members from engaging in the sale of play- 
ing cards, dice, diamonds, gold rings, gold watches and 
other articles of display, and refer to the following " Re- 
vised Minutes," page 180, Art. IS, 1892; also page 125, Art.. 

Passed to Annual Meeting. 

Queries 2 and 3 were embodied in the following- 
Whereas the method of saving orphan and homeless chil- 
dren adopted by the District of Oklahoma and Indian Ter- 
notry has proved successful and economical, such chil- 
dren being gathered and placed in good Christian families 
where they are properly trained and educated and much 
good is being done: Therefore, the district meeting of 
Oklahoma and Indian Territory, 1904, petition Annual 
Meeting of 1905 to recommend that a similar method be 
adopted by the various State districts, so that orphan and 
homeless children be gathered from both country and 
city and placed in select families; also, that the different 
districts cooperate with each other, in harmony with the. 
laws of the State, so that the greatest amount of good! 
may be done. 

Passed to Annual Meeting. 

Southwestern Kansas, Southern Colorado and Northwest- 
ern Oklahoma. 

We, the McPherson church, ask Annual Meeting through 
distnet meeting, to instruct the Brethren Publishing House 
to print both the Authorized Version and the Revised 
Version in the Advanced Sunday School Quarterly and 
the Sunday School Commentary. 

Passed to Annual Meeting. 

through a hall, more than one hundred feet long, cut 
into the heart of the mountain, which contains the 
Tombs of the Kings. Here lies the King Amenophis 
II, in a finely constructed stone sarcophagus, where 
his remains were placed even before the time of Moses. 
The traveler is conducted into this chamber, that has 
been hid for more than three thousand years, where 
an electric light is turned on, and he is permitted to 
look upon the well-preserved form of the king. 

When Amenophis was laid to rest Egypt was in a 
most prosperous condition, and his funeral must have 
been attended with great display. When one looks 
into the face of the man who ruled over a vast em- 
pire almost, if not fully, 3,500 years ago, he is made 
to realize that nearly all we know about history has 
transpired since this king closed his eyes in death 
He has slept through all the passing events, and must 
still sleep until Gabriel's trump shall call the dead to 
life again. He was sleeping when Moses led the 
children of Israel from the bondage of Egypt, still 
sleeping when Solomon built his magnificent temple, 
sleeping still when Bethlehem's star blazed out in the 
sky, slept on while empires rose and fell, and is sleep- 
ing now while the world goes on making history. 

We know not what the man believed religiously, 
we know little concerning his life and achievements, 
but when he does awake from his long slumbers, can 
we not wish that his life may have been such that the 
Judge of all the earth can permit him to appear among 
those who shall first come from their graves ? Should 
his memory retain the events of his age and genera- 
tion, he will have an interesting story to narrate, but 
not any more so, probably, than our story will appear 
to him. 


The Russian-Japanese war began Feb. 8. It has 
been going on now nearly one year. The loss in men 
on the Russian side is estimated at one hundred thou- 
sand. The Japanese loss is fully as large. This 
means that two hundred thousand men have been 
sacrificed on the war altar. Should the struggle con- 
tinue another year, the loss in life will not be far from 
a half million men, to say nothing of the cost in money 
and the loss of property, amounting to billions of dol- 
lars. And why all this murder and destruction of 
property! It is mad strife between men who ought 
to be taught better. Could they permit the Prince 
of Peace to reign in their hearts they would know 
better, and treat each other like men and not like 
brutes. Most of the Russian soldiers belong to the 
Russian Greek church. But churches that believe in 
war do not encourage the doctrine of peace in the 
times of great national strife. The priests and teach- 
ers fan the war flame and urge the men in the field 
to carry strife to the bitter end. And thus wars come 
mainly because the Christian people do not encourage 
peace on earth and good will towards men as they 



Near the ancient city of Thebes, in southern Egypt 
in a large chamber, hewn out of solid rock, may' be 
seen a remarkable mummy. The chamber is reached 

Volume four of our Swedish paper is now begun 
and it is really surprising how rapidly the time flies. 
In this day of the printing press every society and 
order seems to need its own organ which represents 
its interests. During the past year our paper has been 
published in sixteen page form and is better adapted 
to being used as a tract and for distribution. The 
change has given general satisfaction. We feel very 
grateful to the brethren and sisters in America who 
have assisted in the spread of our publication in the 
homeland since it has been published, and trust we 
may have a continuance of their favors. Some have 
donated the paper to persons who could read it and 
have thereby assisted us and those who have had the 
paper sent to them. The price remains the same as 
before, thirty-five cents, and can be ordered through 
the General Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin. 
This is one way of doing mission work. May the 
Lord bless every department of the great work of sav- 
ing souls during the coming year.- Address A. W. 
Vaniman, Malmo, Sweden. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 4, 1905. 


general Missionary and Tract Department 

D. L. Miller, 
S, p. Sanger. 

Illinois I H. C. Early, 
Indiana | A. B. Barnhart, 
John Zijck. Iowa. 



More than a thousand years ago Charlemagne founded 
the Holy Roman Empire. He was a firm believer in 
Christianity, though he did not imbibe all of its spirit. 
He was often engaged in wars with nations who knew 
nothing of Christ and his Gospel, and when he came off 
victor, as he nearly always did, he desired the conquered 
people to accept his religion. We read how he would 
give his captives their choice, either to be baptized and 
become Christians or lose their lives. And it is not 
strange that under such conditions men chose baptism 
rather than death. The number of believers was in- 
creased, but the spiritual power did not increase in pro- 

But there were other converts, men who did not have 
to accept Christianity or lose their lives, but who had 
learned a little of its beauty and value, and chose it be- 
cause it was more desirable than what they had known 
before. Yet many of these were far from being what 
we should call Christians; for in the long ago, in parts 
of Europe, whoever was baptized, had learned a prayer, 
and could make the sign of the cross, was called a Chris- 
tian, even though heathen customs and superstitions con- 
tinued to dominate hie life. It was a wild, rough age, 
in some respects but little removed from savagery, and 
so it is not strange that even among people calling them- 
selves Christians might was the main law of right. They 
were desperately in earnest about their religion, though 
they had not grasped, were not able to grasp, its higher 
and more spiritual meaning. They did not have much 
light, but perhaps they strove hard to live up to what 
they had. We cannot tell as to that. 

We think of these people of the long ago as being 
crude, ignorant, carnal; and so they were. But how could 
they have been otherwise? Their parents did not have 
the advantages that ours had; their homes, their sur- 
roundings, their rulers were not like ours. Our ideals 
are higher 'than theirs were. They ought to be, for we 
have had the advantage of centuries of Christian living 
and teaching. We know now that baptism, the learning 
of a prayer, the making of a cross are not all of Chris- 
tianity. And we know there must be a forsaking of hea- 
then and worldly customs and superstitions. We know al- 
so that to profess Christianity because of outward con- 
straint does not make one a Christian, but leaves him just 
where he was. Were it otherwise, had we not learned 
these things, the mission of Christ, so far as we are con- 
cerned, would have been a failure. 

Yet we must not think, because our lives and ideals 
,ire so far in advance of the lives and ideals of men just 
emerging from barbarism, that we measure up to the di- 
vine standard; for such is far from being the case. Chris- 
tianity, though it means much to its adherents, does not 
yet mean all it was intended to mean to man. We can 
rejoice that Christianity means as much as it does now, 
we can thank God for present light, but we dare not for 
a moment think that we have all the light. No matter 
how far man may advance in the divine life, no matter 
how pure his life or high his ideals, there will always be 
room for him to grow in grace and the knowledge of the 
truth. The Lord be praised that it is so. Christianity 
ought to mean more to each of us with every added day 
and year. Does it? G - M 

♦ ♦♦ 


joice that so many of them are being organized all over 
our Brotherhood. Instead of the Young People's course 
of reading we now have the Christian Workers' course, 
which consists of books on missions that will arrest the 
attention of our boys and girls. Judging from the en- 
thusiastic words of praise these books receive, we have 
succeeded in interesting them in missions. That means 
that our church members of the future will pray earnestly 
and give generously for missions everywhere. We are 
making a special study of China this year. The book 
" Rex Christus " is very well adapted to our work. 

Last year we enrolled more elders and ministers as 
members of our Circle than in any previous year. We 
number twenty-seven hundred members. May we not 
hope that with such a working force as that something 
will be done? Then we are united as a body, and pur- 
pose to work for missions; we are "knit together as one 
man," and that means power. Let us take home to our 
hearts Paul's words, " Each counting the other better than 
himself," as we have in us the lowly mind that was in 
Christ. Let us remember for this year that if we would 
enter into larger blessings, we must make sure that now 
we have put away all jealousy and evil speaking, all friv- 
olity and shallowness, all emptiness and unkindness, all 
unworthiness and unchristlikeness of life. 

Every Christian student who claims to be an educated 
man ought to be well acquainted with missionary fields 
and know the helpless, hopeless condition of his brother 
across the sea. We offer our best courses of reading this 
year; they are much better than any we have had in the 
past. They keep before us the serious question, How 
can the heathen be saved if we do not send them the Gos- 
pel? And the next question. How can we be saved if we 
do not make Christ known to them? 

One of our missionaries who sailed to India last fall, 
when examined by the Standing Committee of our last 
Annual Meeting, made this request: " Do what you can 
to further the interests of our Missionary Reading Circle; 
I owe my determination to be a missionary to its in- 
fluence." Then we are sure that more generous giving 
is becoming the rule in our churches largely through its 
influence. At one Circle meeting the sum of $159.00 was 
raised; at another, the support of a missionary in India 
was guaranteed; many orphans are being supported by in- 
dividual Circle members, and we agree to help wherever 
there is any special need in our missionary funds. We 
are slowly learning to give back to the Lord a little of 
what is already his. 

The young people of our church need to learn of the 
sacrifices that have made sacred this cause. Beginning 
with Stephen, we do not know whose name will stand at 
the end of the list. Think of the martyrs in the recent 
Boxer uprising in China. The last sight that the Chinese 
said they saw as they watched the burning residences 
just beyond the north gates of the city was a missionary 
walking up and down back of the flames holding one of 
his children by either hand— facing death, doomed. The 
spiritual power that dwells in such sacrifices is enough to 
arouse, in every one who loves the name of Jesus, a re- 
sponsive love, responsive effort, respo: 
Covington, Ohio. 

•§> <$> <S* 

stcr, and Bro. Morgan 

So all the men of Israel were gathered against the city, 
knit together as one man. — Judges 20: 11. 

Another year's work is recorded, and we are striving 
now to make this year a notable one, with God's help. 
Never were our prospects better, never was there so 
much need of the service of our Circle, as in this year of 
1905. Time was when we used to write timidly and con- 
servatively about the work of the Circle, because in a 
certain sense it was an experiment, not an assured suc- 
cess. We praise the Lord that the time has come when 
the tree can be known by its fruits. 

Time was when our course of reading contained a 
Voung People's course, which consisted of books that 
were helpful and uplifting, but not missionary. This 
course was intended to interest our young people and 
gather them into our meetings; in every way possible 
we 'worked toward this end. The Christian Workers' 
.meetings are the outcome of these efforts, and we re' 

Elizabeth D. Rosenberger. 


On the evening of the 12th inst. the writer left home 
for this place via Spokane, over the two great trans-con- 
tinental lines of the N. P. and G. N. R. R. Reaching 
Spokane late in the evening I lodged at the hotel and re- 
sumed my journey at 8:30 A. M. on the 13th over the 
G. N. route, reaching Kalispell late the same evening, 
where I lodged again till the morning of the 14th, when 
I was met by Bro. John Early and conveyed to his pleas- 
ant home eight miles in" the country, where in a large 
schoolhouse two miles distant from his home we are la- 
boring together in a series of meetings. 

Kaltspell is a town of about five thousand people and 
is the county seat of Flathead county. Its location is 
close up agamst the western base of the Rocky mountains 
and in a beautiful valley known as the Flathead valley, 
being about sixty miles in length and thirty miles in 
width, and having an altitude of from three to four thou- 
sand feet. _ 

The soil is very fertile and adapted principally to small 
grain farming. The valley is fringed with fine timber for 
fuel and is supplied with an abundance of good water; 
has good railroad facilities, good schools and good nn- 
general way. I am surprised that so 
seeking homes in the West 


many of our people who 

have overlooked this valley. It is difficult to impress 
eastern people with the mildness of the climate between 
the Rocky mountains and the Cascade range. The mer- 
cury seldom ever registers below zero in these valleys 
even at the above altitude, and at Sunnyside, the writer's 
home, zero weather is almost unknown, thus making the 
valleys between these two great ranges of mountains a 
desirable place to live, from a climatic standpoint even 
for old people. 

The membership here numbers about seventeen, 

Eld. John Early as the only 
as the only deacon. 

Brother and Sister Early are both past seventy years of 
age, and the care of the flock and labors of the ministry 
are beginning to weigh heavily on them, so much so that 
Bro. Early earnestly solicits help in the ministry; hence 
this sketch in their behalf. 

This congregation is known as the Flathead Valley 
church, and though in Montana and about 265 miles east 
of Spokane, it has on application been received into the 
district of Oregon, Washington and Idaho, and as the 
mission board of this district has appropriated some funds 
for evangelistic work in a few of the weak churches, this 
one conies on the list. This is the first series of meetings 
held in this congregation since its existence and notwith- 
standing the obstacles of secret orders and balls the in- 
terest* is growing in the meetings and the prospects arc 
good for a growth in the cause if no immediate accessions. 
I expect to continue the meetings till Jan. 29. 

As a member of our district mission board and in behalf 
of the cause here, 1 with Bro. Early solicit corre- 
spondence from ministering brethren who are contem- 
plating a change of location and climate where they are. 
needed, for I know of no place in the district where an 
active, able and faithful minister is needed more than at 
this place, and where, all things considered, a desirable 
home can be secured. Just as we finish this sketch No. 3 
of the Gospel Messenger is laid on the desk in which is 
published a notice of the death of one 'of the late cola- 
borers in our district, but recently moved to California, 
viz., Bro. S. M. Eby. Thus one by one the roll is called, 
and who will be the next? D. B. Eby. 

Jan. 21. 

<s> -s> <e> 

Great consecration is sometimes found in those who 
have just come out of heathenism. A Japanese woman, 
teacher in the Ferris Seminary (Reformed church) in 
Yokohama, has many times been invited to leave the semi- 
nary and take a better position in a government school. 
They offered her ten dollars, and finally twenty-two dol- 
lars a month salary if she would accept. But she stays 
in the missionary school on a salary of seven dollars and 
a half. And the reason she slays is because in the other 
school she could not teach pupils to seek the blessings 
which she herself has found in Jesus Christ, 
<S> * * 
A missionary of the Presbyterian Mission in Korea 
writes: "I have just returned from an evangelistic trip 
during which I baptized one hundred. . , . Our work 
has not been greatly injured by the war. 1 am inclined 
to believe that our opportunity has been enhanced there- 
by. There has been a steady and wholesome develop- 
ment along all lines." 

■3> «> © 

Darkest Africa is beginning to sec the light. In 187S 
Stanley gave King Mlesa, of Uganda, his first lesson in 
Christian doctrine. There was not then a Christian in 
all Central Africa. But some time ago a great cathedral 
at Mengo, formerly King Mtesa's capital, was conse- 
crated, and ten thousand native Christian Ugandans at- 
tended the services. 

A missionary who saw the Russian wounded cared for 
by Japanese trained nurses thinks the war has been a 
marvelous revelation of Japan's capacities and character. 
He thinks that before long there will be an opportunity 
to teach Christ in Japan, such as has not been seen in 
any other nonchristian land. 

<2> ♦ ♦ 
During the nineteenth century two hundred and fifty 
thousand Jews were baptized— one in forty-five of the 
Jewish population. At that rale it would take forty-five 
centuries to convert the present Jewish population of the 
world. More workers in this field are needed. 

The Japanese are progressing. Thirty years ago persons 
in Japan professing Christianity were severely punished by 
law. Now it is estimated that there are about one hun- 
dred thousand professing Christians in Japan. 
<$> «> <3> 

Roman Catholics are missionaries. One of their papers 
states that fifteen thousand priests, five thousands broth- 
ers and forty-five thousand sisters of the Romish church 
are laboring as missionaries in pagan lands. 
Q> €> 

The Southern Baptist Convention lately began a mis- 
sion at Buenos Ayres, Argentine Republic. It already had 
missions in China, Japan, Africa, Italy, Mexico and Brazil. 


The Presbyterian church in Ireland has a successful 
mission among the Jews in Damascus, Syria. It includes 
a girls' school and classes on Saturdays for men and boys. 

The number of Methodist workers in the Hinghua mis- 
sion southeastern China, including those gone out and 
those provided for, has been doubled ul a. year, .... ■ 


H ' .1 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 4, 1905. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

"As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a tax country." 

Fruitdale. — Last Sunday our little band gathered in the 
new home built here for the worship of God which is 
near completion. The service was an inspiration to every 
believing heart. The sermon "by Bro. Wine, of east Tenn- 
essee, was a beautiful setting forth of that Truth which 
makes believers free. Bro. Wine has been a faithful 
worker while with us. The principal work in the new 
building was the work of his hands. We have need of 
ministerial aid. We hope some Brethren will come and 
cast their lot with us. We are now located in our new 
church, and as this is the only church building we have 
in this State we hope soon to see sinners flocking home. 
— G. M. Billhimer, Fruitdale, Ala!, Jan. 25. 


Nampa. — Our council passed off pleasantly Jan. 7. Our 
elder, Bro. C. A. Williams, of Payette, was with us. All 
the officers of the church and Sunday school were elected. 
Our Sunday-school officers serve only six months. As 
has been our custom, teachers and assistant teachers for 
each class in the Sunday school are selected. We are 
pleased to note the- progress of the Sunday-school work 
here. The new addition built to the church has relieved 
the congested condition of the school. Interest is taken 
by the pupils in the library of the Sunday school. The 
good books read cannot help but influence and lead the 
pupils. Our elder remained with us two weeks, making 
his pastoral visit and encouraging the members. The 
Christian Workers' meetings are well attended, and the 
spirit of the work is good. — J. S. Rhodes, Nampa, Idaho, 
Jan. 23. 

Payette. — I arrived here from my home in Hygiene, 
Colo., Jan. 18. My wife has been here since last October. 
She is now just recovering from the effects of a long 
siege of typhoid fever she had in Colorado last summer. 
The climate seems well suited to her. I am now in the 
midst of a series of meetings that is being held at a new 
mission point about eight miles in the country. A splen- 
did interest is being manifested. We expect to spend 
February and March with the churches in this part of 
the West, after which we will spend some time at our 
former home in Colorado. After being very closely tied 
down with business for the last two years, we are now 
glad to say we have disposed of .our business and expect 
in ihe future -to spend much of our time in active mission 
work wherever we may be called to go. — L. E. Keltner, 
Payette, Idaho, Jan. 24. 


Hudson. — Eld. J. H. Neher is now located among us, 
and we again enjoy preaching services every Sunday, a 
privilege which we were deprived of for over a year. 
There are calls for preaching at other points in our 
neighborhood, and in a short time Bro. Neher expects to 
preach at more than one place. We hope to accomplish 
something in the near future.— Ida L. Blough, Hudson, 
III, Jan. 22. 

Roanoke.— Bro. G. R, Elier, of Moline, Kans., is booked 
for a series of meetings in the Panther Creek church, 
Roanoke, HI., in September. Bro. W. Q. Calvert, of 
Lawrenccville, III., will move into the Panther Creek 
church near Roanoke a"bout Feb. 15.— Jessie Switzer 
Roanoke, III., Jan. 24. 

Waddams Grove.— Bro. Alfred Kreps, of the James 
River church, N. Dak., preached for us at the Louisa 
church Jan. 8, and Bro. John. Shaffer, of Carrington. N. 
Dak., gave a talk to the children.— Albert Myers, Wad- 
dams Grove. HI., Jan. 23. * 

Beaver Creek.— Bro. Rife came to th 
Jan. 7 and remained with us until Jan. 17 
very interesting talks. Sister Mae Dill 
Creek congregation, came to us to assi 

s congregation 
He gave some 
ng, from Pike 
! leader in < 

— „„..„ „„ .^cu,., ,,, song 

service. The interest was good considering the inclement 
weather and icy roads.— Hester Alexander, Lakeside Ind 
Jan. 26. 

Flora.— Two have been received in the Bachelor Run 
church, of Flora, Ind., since last report.— Mattie Weltv 
Flora, Ind., Jan 24. 

Indianapolis.— Feb. 19, at 10:30 A. M., is the time ap- 
pointed to dedicate the new churchhouse, Services will 
be conducted by brethren G. L. Studebaker and E. M 
Cobb. All who will come to enjoy this service are ad- 
vised to bring their song books and lunch that all may 
lunch together at the church and remain for the special 
afternoon service; also preaching in the evening We 
U r USt \'lf ? , 200 we yet lack wil1 not be forgotten. Take 
West Washington car to Laura St., one square north.— 
X W. Ranck, 274 Holmes Ave., Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 

Sugar Creek.— Brc 

commenced a meetinj 

twenty-two sermons," and conducted one children's n^ 
ing. The meetings closed Jan. 18 with good attendance 
and attention. Four dear young people were baptized.— 
Luanda U. Kreider, R. R. No. 1, South Whitley, Ind., Jan. 

Yellow Creek.— Our protracted meeting closed Sunday 
evening with a full house. Bro. Hiram Forney preached 
or us three weeks. Two precious souls came over on 
the Lords side.— Amanda Mille: " 

I. B. Wike, of Huntington, Ind., 
at our west house Dec. 31, preaching 

Goshen, Ind., Jan. 24. 
Des Moines City.-Bro. Howard Miller, of Elgin 111 

Tan a ?Q lSt T U l , " 1 ? Ur ^ 5e r i 1 CS ° f meel i n Ss, to begin Sunday! 
Jan. 29.-John E. Mohler, Des Moines, Iowa, Jan 25 
Dallas Center-Bro. C. W. Roller, of Virginia just 
closed a twelve-lesson singing school at this place He 
went from here to Ankeny, Iowa. Bro. Moses Dierdnrff 
will commence a series of meetings here to-morrow morn- 
Jan 28 oclock.-A. C. Brewbaker, Dallas Center, Iowa, 

,hl n ™ n CrCCk ? Un r da t Schoo! is P^gressing nicely, under 
the management of the new officers. Bro. Devilbiss of 
Ottawa, Kansas, preached for us Sunday. The weather 
being cold, many were deprived of coming. Our Chris 

tian Workers' society is being kept alive through the win- 
ter, and an intense interest is being taken in it by all. We 
expect Bro. Roller, of South English, Iowa, to conduct a 
singing class for us in the near future. — Walter Troup, 
R. F. D. 7, Maxwell, Iowa, Jan. 23. 


Monitor church met in council Jan. 14. One letter was 
granted. The church officers and officers of Christian 
Workers' band were elected for the coming year. De- 
cided to hold our love feast May 13. The treasurer of 
our benevolent fund reported $64 in the treasury. The 
benevolent fund is designed to help needy members in 
case of sickness or misfortune. On New Year's day the 
Sunday-school children brought together the money which, 
had accumulated from the dimes invested in the spring, 
the a-mount being $40.90. Of this amount, $16 was sent to 
India for the support of the children's orphan; $10 was 
sent to Bro. Studebaker to be used in our home mission; 
$14.15 to the Oklahoma orphanage. An additional amount 
of $11.71, the weekly collection of the primary class, was 
sent to St. Joseph, Mo. The church and Sunday school at 
this place have every reason to do earnest work. Bro. 
Henry Brubaker, of Lyons, Kans., preached for us in 
December, at which time six of our Sunday-school pupils 
united with the church. — Emma Yoder, Conway, Kans., 
Jan. 27. 

Pipe Creek. — Jan. 22 this congregation enjoyed a visit 
from Sister Lizzie Howe, who is working in the Brooklyn, 
N. Y., mission. Her many good words for the work at 
that place helped us more fully to realize their needs. 
May the time speedily come when the Brethren can have 
a house of worship in the city of Brooklyn. Sister Howe 
is now helping in'the Bible term at Union Bridge, Md. 
Brethren Wm. A. Anthony, of Shady Grove, Pa, and 
Silas Utz, of New Market, Md., were also with us. Bro. 
Anthony's theme was, "The fdeal Church." — Rachel A. 
Pfputz, R. F. D. No. 15, Linwood, Md., Jan. 25. 

Ridgely church met in council Dec. 28, at the Boons- 
boro house. Our elder, G. S. Rairick, presided. One was 
received by letter. Our Sunday school was reorganized 
for the next six months by electing Bro. J. P. Holsinger 
superintendent and Bro. M. F. King assistant. The 
church decided to have the Christian Workers' meeting 
at the Bethel house for the next six months. — D. S. Stayer, 
Ridgely, Md., Jan. 28. 

Sugar Ridge church, being prompted by inspiring and 
interesting talks about better methods of Bible study, 
given at our late district meeting, conceived the idea of 
organizing a Bible school. We met at a brother's home 
and organized, with a membership of ten; elected a presi- 
dent, secretary and ^treasurer and teacher. The society 

is called the Sugar Ridge Bible society, and meets alter- 
nately at the homes of its members, once each week. The 
recitation is conducted in a conversational way and illus- 
trated by maps drawn on a blackboard. We are studying 
the Bible Outline and Bible Geography, and the class is 
doing excellent work in both. All those who attend feel 
well repaid for their efforts. — Leroy Wheeler, Pres 
Custer, Mich., Jan. 25. 

Sunfield.— Eld. J. M. Lair, of Custer, Mich., began a 
series of meetings at this place Jan. 7 closing Jan. 22. 
The attendance was good. The church was strengthened. 
One brother was received back into fellowship — Viola 
V. Meadow, No. 1, Sunfield, Mich., Jan. 21. 

Woodland.— Bro. S. F. Sanger came to us Jan. 7 and 
continued until Jan. 24. We never had better interest. 
" I wish he -would come again " is heard from the young 
people on every side.— J. J. England, Woodland, Mich 
Jan. 27. 


Winona.— The work is moving along rather slowly since 
the cold weather has set in. Many children have been 
kept out of Sunday school on account of the severe weath- 
er, and many families are needing help. We have been 
able to help quite a number with the clothing and means 
that have been sent us. From different individuals and 
churches we' have received both money and supplies, for 
which we are very grateful. These gifts will enable us 
to make many hearts glad.— Lizzie Hilary, 552 Indiana 
Ave.. Winona, Minn., Jan. 28. 

Williston.— A Missionary Reading Circle was organized 
with us Jan. 15. Nine new members were enrolled. There 
were three old members in our midst so the circle numbers 
twelve. Bro. Irvin Kauffman was chosen president and 
Bro. -Ora Kauffman secretary. Our Sunday school missed 
a general average of fifty for -the fourth quarter of 1904 
by a small fraction. We have preaching every two weeks. 
We will be glad to welcome any members who are seek- 
ing a home on the frontier. Steps have been taken to- 
ward selecting a location for a cemetery in our vicinity — 
D. F. Landis, Williston, N. Dak., Jan. 19. 


Ashland.— Our meetings closed Jan. 25 with two con- 
fessions, making since Jan. 8, when Bro. Chas. O. Beery 
came to us, twenty-two baptized, three awaiting baptism 
and one reclaimed— twenty-six in all. The " watchword " 
of our meeting was John 3: 16.— W. F. England, Ashland. 
Ohio, Jap. 27. 

Jonathan Creek.— We held our council Jan. 21, our 
elder, Samuel Sprankle, presiding. Arrangements are be- 
ing made to erect a new churchhouse next summer. Bro. 
Sprankle gave us three discourses while with us. We art 
arranging for a series of meetings and Bible institute, to 
be conducted by Bro. J. J. Anglemeyer sometime in 
February.— Alph. W. Dupler, Thornville, Ohio, Jan. 23. 

Middle District— Bro. D. P. Sollcnberger gave us a 
very good talk Sunday morning, Jan. 22, also in the even- 
ing; then announced a series of meetings to begin Feb. 12. 
Bro. Jacob Coppock, of Hickory Grove, is to hold the 
meetings for us.— Jos. H. Stark, R. R. No. I, Tadmor, 
Ohio, Jan. 23. 

Maumee church, Defiance county, Ohio, met in council 

Jan. 7, the writer presiding, our elder not being present. 
Business was disposed of to the satisfaction of all. One 
letter was granted.— David Shong, Sh«rwood, Ohio. Jan. 

Mohican. — Last evening we closed a very interesting 
series of meetings. Bro. Chas. M. Yearout commenced 
meetings at this place Jan. 8 and held forth the Word 
with power for two weeks, preaching eighteen sermons. 
Two precious souls were buried in Christian baptism. 
The church was built up in her most holy faith. The 
attendance was good. -We closed with a full house — 
S. A. Showalter, R. F. D. No. 5, West Salem, Ohio, Jan. 23. 

Wooster. — Bro. James Murray, of Rittman, Ohio, began 
preaching for us Jan. 8 and continued till Jan. 22, preach- 
ing eighteen sermons. The interest was good. We feel 
that Bro. Murray did his part. The church was built up 
spiritually. — Maria Runkle, Weilersville, Ohio, Jan. 23. 


Monitor. — Bro. Glick came down from Manchester, 
Christmas week, having held a two weeks' meeting at 
that place. He preached Christmas day for us, and re- 
mained, and gave us a series of meetings. Jan. 7 the 
church convened in special council, Bro. Glick acting a^. 
moderator, assisted by Bro. I. Miller. Bro. Glick closed 
his meetings Jan. 22, We know that much good has been 
done.— Sarah Klaus, Nashville, Okla., Jan. 23. 

Red River.— After almost giving up all hope of getting 
a minister, Bro. Gibson began our meetings Jan. 13; gave 
us three encouraging sermons on Sunday. Sunday even- 
ing Bro. Smith began meeting and continued until Sunday 
evening, Jan. 22. He gave us ten sermons, and encouraged 
us. We held a love feast Jan. 21. The house was full. 
The doctrine of the Brethren is new to most of the peo- 
ple here. Jan. 22 our meetings closed with great interest. 
We wish Bro. Smith could have stayed longer. One 
was reclaimed. — Edna Cooper, Frederick, Okla., Jan. 25. 


Ashland. — Since our last item three more souls were 
gathered into the fold, the parents and one daughter 
were baptized. We have been much encouraged this 
winter in the work here. At our last council there were 
four letters received. Our aid society is getting quite 
interesting; fourteen and fifteen is our number. In the 
year 1904 the church here raised $168.35 for home expenses, 
and missionary purposes. — Lizzie T. Detweiler, Ashland. 
Oregon. Jan. 24. 


Clover Creek.— Jan. 9 Bro. J. J. Shaffer, of Berlin, Pa., 
commenced a series of meetings at this place and closed 
Jan. 22, preaching sixteen sermons. Six precious sOilis 
were received into the church by baptism. Members 
were encouraged. Yet we know our meeting closed too 
soon.— Thos. B. Maddocks, Clover Creek, Pa.. Jan. 23. 

Clover Creek.— Bro. J. J. Shaffer came in our midst 
Jan. 9 and began a series of meetings the same evening 
in the Clover Creek house, continuing till Jan. 22, preach- 
ing sixteen sermons. As an immediate result six came out 
on the Lord's side and were baptized. — J. G. Mock, R. F. D. 
No. 1, Roaring Spring, Pa., Jan. 24. 

Conestoga. — Dec. 10 Bro. James Shisler came to us. 
On account of ill health of Bro. Shisler the meetings 
lasted only one week. The interest was good and getting 
better. Jan. 7 Bro. Hiram Gibblc came and we began a 
series of meetings at Eby's meetinghouse. The meetings 
continued until Jan. 24. Nine came out on the Lord"'s 
side.— Sallie Pfautz, No. 1, Bareville, Pa., Jan. 27. 

Dillsburg.— Jan. 15 we began a series of meetings at 
the Bermudian house, in our home congregation, the 
Lower Canowago. The meetings continued with inter- 
esting and large congregations until Monday evening. 
We expected to continue for another week, when on 
Tuesday, Jan. 24, one of the worst blizzards we have 
-known for a year commenced here and by Wednesday 
evening the roads were so completely blockaded that we 
were compelled to close our meetings for the present. 
Quite a number of the members and even others insist 
cm my returning sometime in the future to continue the 
work. I expect to do considerable evangelistic work 
this coming year, if the health of my family permits. 
Feb, 4, Bro. Lewis S. Mohler, of Dillsburg, Pa., expects 
to begin a series of meetings at the Wolgamuth house, 
in the same congregation.— William H. Miller, R. F. D. 
No. 3, Dillsburg, Pa., Jan. 28. 

Huntingdon. — By an invitation of the mission board 
of Middle Pennsylvania we began a meeting at the Pleas- 
ant Union church, about ten miles south of Everett, Pa.; 
preached eleven sermons; had good congregations and 
the very best attention. This is a point where we could 
do a good work if it could be given the proper attention. 
I have not been in a community where there were so 
many people who do not belong to any church. — W. A. 
Gaunt, Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 25. 

Lower Cumberland. — Jan. 15 our series of meetings 
closed at the Pleasant View house. Bro. C. D. Bonsack. 
of Westminster, Md., preached sixteen sermons. During 
the first week of the meeting the weather and roads 
were in such a condition that the people could not get 
there, but later the house was full. Four have applied 
for baptism.— H. Beelman, Dillsburg, Pa., Jan. 23. 

Snake Spring Valley church met in council Jan. 14. 
Bro. Theodore Steele was elected treasurer in place of 
Bro. Joseph F. Snyder, resigned. The council decided 
to have Bro. J. J. Shafer, of Berlin, Somerset Co., Pa- 
hold our series of meetings next fall.— Howard Hersh- 
berger, R. R. No. 1, Everett, Pa., Jan. 16. 

Upper Cumberland church met in council Jan. 21. with 
Bro. Samuel Stouffer presiding. Two letters of member- 
ship were received and one was granted. Bro. Harry 
Miller was elected superintendent of the Sabbath school, 
and Bro. Edward Mellinger assistant. We expect Bro. 
Bonsack to be with us Feb. 4, to conduct a series of 
meetings. The annual reports were read and adopted. 
Our next council will be held April 8.— A. A. Evans, 
Mooredale, Pa., Jan. 23. 


Bethlehem church met in council Jan. 21, Eld. D. A. 
Naff presiding. Three letters were granted and two re- 
ceived. Brethren J. Barnhart, Isaac Bowman, and S. M- 
Ikenberry, of the Antioch congregation, were with us. 
Brethren C. E. Chumney and Samuel Bowman were 
elected Sunday-school superintendents. Bro,' S. M. Ikeil- 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER.— February 4, 1905. 


reached for us Jan. 22.— L. A. Bowman, R. R. 

E°, Callaway, Va., Jan. 23. 

cntetourt church met m council Jan. 21, at the Valley 

, h Bro Jonas Graybill was our moderator. Bro. 

c\,u-] Crumpacker gave an interesting talk. The com- 

to Clifton Forge reported the outlook favorable, 

- lit was decided to take that point in the list of regular 

thlv meetings. One letter of membership was grant- 

-- : -rd. Our annual solicitors rep. 

one of this 


one received. Our annual solicitors reported $161.- 

03 given 

for the various mission purposes 

included in the 

upport of Brother and Sister 
d an increase 
R. Ikenberry, 


?° S ,]ie number of Messenger readers.- 
Trinity, Va., Jan. 25. 
riifton Forge.— Brother Jonas Graybill and Chas. Iken- 
rrv of near Daleville, Va., were with us a short time 
Bro. Graybill preached at the Christian church 
3 i Sunday morning, and Bro." Ikenberry in the evening. 
We know of sixteen members living in the city at the 
ent time, and we are glad to have the ministering 
hren come and preach for us. — Lewis G. Humphreys. 
Clifto" Forge, Va., Box 112, Jan. 22: 
pleasant Valley.— Bro. Wm. A. Reed, of Vox, N. C., 
tooped with us Sunday evening, Jan. 15, on his way home 
" d left Jan. 17 after preaching three sermons and re- 
ceiving six more into, the church by baptism. This makes 
conversions in this congregation as a result of his 
meetings.— Michael Reed, R. F. D. No. 3, Floyd, Va., 
Jan. 22. 

Wenatchee. — Sunday at 11:30 o'clock Bro. L. E. Miller 
held a service at Entiat schoolhouse, about twenty miles 
north of Wenatchee. As far as we know this is the first 
service of the Brethren ever held there. The people 
seemed anxious for us to continue the meetings there. — 
Albert Crites, Wenatchee, Wash., Jan. 25. 


"Write what thou neest, and send i 

WHENCE CAME THEY?— Rev. 7: 13, 14. 

This is a question that includes all the interests of time, 
and the eternal purpose and consummation of the triune 
God. Christ and truth are synonyms. John . 14: 6. To 
live the Christ-life is to obey the " new commandment." 
John 13: 34. This is the grearcriterion of Christianity. 
I John 3: 16. Our only hope is salvation by grace. The 
atoning blood is our only refuge. We have an advocate 
with the Father, and to him we confidently cling. He 
was in all points tempted like as we are. Heb. 4: 15. 
He is able to save to the uttermost all that come UQto 
God by him. Heb. 7: 25. Here, and only here, is our 
peace and joy. and glory forever. 

Tribulation: whence comes it, and why? God alone 
comprehends this mystery. Past and future are full of 
mysteries which would utterly overwhelm us if the God 
of infinite love, wisdom and power were not th'e Governor 
of the universe. Heaven' and hell are clearly revealed 
facts, but we must wait till eternity lifts the curtain and 
more fully reveals the wonderful love and inflexible right- 
ousness'of God. His goodness will never for one mo- 
ment overlook the claims of his holiness. Grace must 
reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus 
Christ our Lord. Rom. 5: 21. Here we have the divine 
philosophy of redemption. This explains the great tribu- 
lation and the white robes. Only saints will participate 
in this 'exaltation. Worldly Christians are only white- 
washed sepulchres. We cannot serve God andmammon. 
Our affections and interests are above. Col. 3: 2; ( 2 Cor. 
4: 18. Jesus and the saints are so perfectly identified 
that in cross and crown they will share his agony and 
glory. 2 Tim. 2: 12. No matter how hot the furnace, 
Jesus is with us. 

-There is no. possibility of salvation but in the blessed 
fact that Christ dwells in us, and has his own way in our 
thoughts and words and acts. 2 Cor. 6: 16, 17, 18. When 
this is realized, then 2 Cor. 7: 1 will be gloriously true. 
There is no hope for us so long as our life does not 
harmonize with Philpp. 3: 20. If Col. 3: 4 is to be ours, 
we must live in the consciousness of the first three verses. 
We must be known everywhere as the children of the 
Everlasting Father. In our vocation, in the family, in 
the church, iii the community, we must show forth the 
beauty of holiness, and the power of the love that beareth 
all things. 1 Peter 1: IS, 16; 1 Peter 2: 9; John 13: 35; 
1 Cor. 13: 7. This is all the natural expression of John 
H: 20. 

Oh, my dear brethren in Christ, let us "walk worthy 
°f the Lord unto all pleasing," " rejoice in tribulation," 
and be wholly consecrated to our blessed Lord and Mas- 
ter- Col. 1: 10; Rom. 5: 3. Let us cherish the sweet, 
mild spirit that takes pleasure in returning good for evil. 
Whatever our tribulation may be, whether in the lonely 
chamber of sickness, or collision with the world, let us 
r epeat over and over with joy unspeakable the precious 
truth of 1 Cor. 15: 57 and Rom. 8: 37. The Holy Ghost 
is always ready to help those who glory in Gal. 6: 14. 
We must not expect to reach the throne but by way of 
Calvary. Oh, blessed mystery of tribulation. If we look 
steadfastly at the glory to be revealed, we will be able 
j to say with Paul, "our light afflictions." Rom. 8: 18; 2 
c °r. 4: 17. C. H. Balsbaugh; 

Union Deposit, Pa. 

The revival meetings which started on Thanksgiving day 
closed last Friday night. There were forty-two precious 
souls added to the church. We wish to thank the church 
at large for assistance in many ways, and especially for 
the cooperation in the erection of our church building. 

Bro. C. S. Garber, our pastor, who has been thinking 
of going into a new mission field, has decided, within the 
last few days, to remain here another year. We are very 
glad that he has so decided. Bro. D. A. Miller, our elder, 
will be with us Tuesday night, Jan. 31. Feb. 5, Brother 
Garber will commence a revival meeting in Kansas City, 

Donations of clothing, etc., continue to arrive, and we 
rejoice in the Lord that the sisters of the Brotherhood 
respond to our call so promptly. This is a city of one 
hundred and ten thousand inhabitants and there are many 
families that are in want. We could do much more if we 
had the clothing? especially for boys seven to twelve years 
old. May the Lord bless the Sisters' Aid Society every- 
where. Below we give Bro. C. S. Garber's report of 
what has been done by the St. Joseph mission for the 
year, beginning with Jan. 15, 1904, and ending Jan. 15, 

• Number of members, 15; received by letter during the 
year, 8; number of members in the city expecting letters, 
4; during the seven weeks' revival in January and Febru- 
ary we baptized 20; in June and July, 43; and during an 
eight weeks' revival in November, December and January, 
we baptized 42, making a total increase of membership 
of 132. Number of letters granted, 3; number expelled, 
2, leaving a total of 127. Amount of clothing distributed 
during the year was about 7,000 pieces; Messengers dis- 
tributed, about 9,000; tracts, about 6,000, and we find that 
we could have distributed five times the number if we 
had had them. Number of calls made by the pastor, 
about 1,250; calls made by Sister Noah, about 2,000; num- 
ber of pounds of provisions distributed to the poor, 4,100; 
number of meetings, including preaching services, prayer 
services, Sunday school, Young People's and cottage 
prayer meetings, during the year, 374. J. J. Noah. 

South St. Joseph, Mo., Jan. 26. 

Now if our superintendents will all do their part and see 
that the schools they represent are reported, our next 
general Sunday-school report of the Brotherhood will 
include more than a thousand schools. The idea of a 
district Sunday-school secretary being compelled to write 
a superintendent the second or third time to induce him 
or the local secretary to send in a statistical report shows 
that the business end of the Sunday school is being en- 
tirely ignored and that there is a very great lack of ex- 
ecutive ability on the part of the superintendent. All 
superintendents who have not already done so will please 
report their schools at once. Should there be those who 
have been omitted accidentally, they will please apply 
to their district secretary, and blanks will be provided. 

Levi MInnicVi: 
Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 23. 


I have been engaged in a series of meetings at this 
place for three weeks. It is generally known that the 
Old Folks' Home is located here, and is now taking care 
of thirty inmates. The home is nicely located and is a 
credit to Southern Ohio. 

The church work here is prospering, presided over by 
Bro. David Hollinger. It was started about four years 
ago, with a membership of thirty. With the assistance 
of the mission board a good, substantial house of worship 
was erected in a very fruitful part of the city. 

It was apparent at the beginning of the meeting that 
much good seed had been sown, and the time was fully 
here for an ingathering. The attendance increased each 
evening until, at times, the house was filled to overflow- 
ing. Fathers and mothers, sons and daughters have been 
coming forward each evening as the invitation was extend- 
ed. Twenty-five have been added up to this time and 
the meetings arc stjll in progress. A general good feel- 
ing prevails both within and without the church. Breth- 
ren who are looking for a good church home in a city, with 
a live church, a good Sunday school and Christian Work- 
ers' meetings, will certainly feel at home at Greenville-: 

I have been in the field since last August and cannot 
complete my work until some time in March. 

Jan. 28. Dorsey Hodgden. 


The Special Bible term began Jan. 16. Besides the 
regular classes in the Bible Department, C. D. Bonsack 
has been giving one period daily on Sunday-school peda- 
gogy, and one oh the Sunday-school lessons, and Lizzie 
Howe has been taking up Matthew and city missions. 

H. C. Early was not able to be here the first week on 
account of sickness. He came last Sunday, and has been 
preaching "since then and teaching one class. Till he 
came B'ro. Bonsack did the preaching. 

On last Saturday ihere was a special program on "The 
Church." To-day in the forenoon the Missionary Reading 
Circle rendered a program, and in the afternoon the Sun- 
day-school program was rendered. We feel that these 
special efforts have been richly repaid. 

The time for closing the special Bible term has been 
extended to Feb. 2. The meetings will be continued 
till then also. The attendance is good. Already there 
have been four persons baptized and one restored. We 
hope for more additions before the Bible term is over. 
D. Owen Cottrell. 
Union Bridge, Md., Jan. 28. 



The present enrollment of the school is larger than any 
time heretofore and the prospects are good for an in- 
creased attendance during the spring term. 

The fifth Bible term has just closed. The attendance 
was good, over three hundred having registered. 

The term tasted three weeks. During the first week 
the following preached: Eld. S. M. Slouffer, Eld. H. E. 
Light, Eld. I. W. Taylor, Daniel M. Eshelman, Eld. 
John Hurr, Eld. A. C. Wieaiul. Evangelistic services 
were conducted during the last two weeks by Eld. J. G. ■ 
Royer, of Mt. Morris, III. Six made application for 
church membership during these meetings. 

The daily class work was in charge of Eld. Royer 
principally. Eld. Wicand assisted in the instruction dur- 
ing three days. Bro. T. F. Iinlcr, Bro. S. H, Hertzler, 
Bro. Beahm, Flora H. Good and other members of the 
faculty also gave instruction to Bible students. 

Special features of the session were three programs 
rendered on different Saturdays on educational, Sunday- 
school, and missionary lines. 

The trustees at a recent meeting decided to erect a 
new building for school purposes, to be ready for the 
opening of the next school year. D, C. Reber. 

Elizabcthtown, Pa., Jan. 26. 

Bro. Frank Coler, of Norton, Kans., has been appointed 
district Sunday-school secretary of Northwestern Kansas 
and Northern Colorado, as successor to A. W. Ross, of 
late a missionary to India. 

Bro. Irvin C. Van Dyke, who was Jesse Emmert's sue-' 
cessor as district Sunday-school secretary in Middle Pa., 
and who has performed the various duties connected with 
this office in a very creditable manner, has been appointed 
by the Pennsylvania State Sunday School association as 
one of the six members who will form the Pennsylvania 
State Sabbath School Tour Party. From Jan. 23 to April 
14, 1905, forty-seven counties are to be visited with an 
institute of four sessions in each county. 

We are receiving some very encouraging letters from 
many of our district Sunday-school societies. 

Under date of Jan. 5 Sister Mary L Co